13 April, 2024

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A Reflection On Forty Years Since The ‘Black July’ Anti-Tamil Pogrom In Sri Lanka

By K. Mukunthan

Dr. K. Mukunthan

The cause-and-effect of 1983 anti-Tamil pogrom

It is forty years since the 1983 anti-Tamil pogrom (‘Black July’) in which an estimated 3,000 Tamils died, hundreds of thousands displaced, and millions worth of Tamil properties destroyed. A crime of monumental proportion to which no one was ever held responsible. During the peak of the violence, J.R. Jayewardene, the president at that time, said, “I am not worried about the opinion of the Jaffna (Tamil) people; now we cannot think of them, not about their lives or their opinion………. really if I starve the Tamils out, the Sinhala people will be happy” – supposedly reflecting the mood in the South of the country and exposing his own attitudes towards the non-Sinhala populace.

Undoubtedly, Black July was the tipping point on Tamil people’s history in Sri Lanka. It is no exaggeration that almost every Tamil was made to feel they did not belong to the country, and they would always be second class citizens. Even for their basic physical security, they were transported to the North-East of the country where they had historic links and were the majority. 

‘Black July’ did not happen in a vacuum. In fact, there was an air of inevitability about it. The seeds were planted decades earlier – discriminatory Citizenship Act, Official Language Act and educational p

Black July 83 – Boralla | Photo – Chandraguptha Amarasingha

olicies, colonization schemes that altered the demography in Tamil majority areas, abolition of power-sharing pacts under hardline Sinhala Buddhist pressure, the burning of the Jaffna Public Library, enactment of the Prevention of Terrorism Act (PTA) and ensuing routine police and army brutality, and many other anti-Tamil riots of a lesser scale.

The impact of ‘Black July’ was immediate, global, and far reaching. Every Tamil who could find a way to leave the country left. The incipient armed resistance grew big enough to fight a protracted war that lasted two and a half decades with devastating consequences to all. Militarized Sri Lanka grew more authoritarian where human rights were violated without conscience, impunity reigned, and corruption became endemic. The International Community, and India in particular, started to play an ever-increasing role in Sri Lankan affairs, often with charitable intentions.

The longer term impacts

Today, Sri Lanka is economically nearly bankrupt. The excessive violence committed by the armed forces to end the war in 2009 has been a subject of much international scrutiny. A few Sri Lankan top political and military leaders are personae non gratae in many countries. Sri Lanka is often cited as a country that was so promising only a few decades ago but managed to squander everything. Without oversimplification, most of Sri Lanka’s ills can be attributed to a single source – its inability to manage a pluralist society without pandering to majoritarian chauvinism. In effect, what should have been an immense strength, became its defining failure. 

Forty years may be a short time in a country’s history, but this is typically half the lifetime of an average person. Many a youth who fled Sri Lanka after ‘Black July’ are now grandparents in some corner of the world. ‘Black July’ was the exodus moment for the Tamil people in Sri Lanka, with nearly one-third of Tamils from North-East Sri Lanka origin – loosely defined as ‘Tamil Diaspora’ – now living in many countries across the world with transformational impact on both, those who left and others who are left behind. 

Tamil diaspora phenomenon

Tamil Diaspora settled in most western countries could be characterized as one of the success stories among the recent migrant communities. Building on their inbuilt values of education and hard work, they have many notable achievements – professionally, economically, and through social and political impact in their new home countries. On top of it, they have shown immense passion and commitment to maintaining and passing on their linguistic, religious, and cultural traditions to the next generation. And there was the added incentive – the will to cherish and enhance their identity in countries that did not impose the obstacles they faced in their birth country.

But this romantic notion of migrant success is only part of the story. There are many who lead unsettled and difficult lives – whether as refugees in Indian camps or in other countries without legal certainties or, working physically demanding jobs in harsh climates to meet the economic demands of theirs and the loved ones they left behind. Older people often lead lonely lives in unfamiliar environments with unfulfilled dreams of spending their old age in a homely, village environment. Also, the challenges faced by the young generation caught up between different cultural norms and value systems are not trivial.

Tamil people in Sri Lanka

Compared to those in the diaspora, Tamil people living in Sri Lanka face exceptional challenges. Their areas are de-populated and many lead limited social lives, with their relatives and friends already moved overseas. Parents living alone in their old age with no children to look after has become the new normal. For young people, opportunities are limited, with their regions near the bottom in terms of economic development and educational achievements. The impact of militarization and war related displacements and disappearances continue to haunt them. A generation that took the brunt of the war is still languishing in unpalatable conditions. 

In terms of political rights and empowerment, the sense of being second-class citizens in their home country still lingers. The promises given by different Sri Lankan Governments related to accountability, transitional justice, political resolution, and reconciliation remain just that. The political outcome Tamil people achieved after decades of struggle – power devolution through Provincial Councils – remain ineffective with no political will on the part of the Government for full implementation.

A multi-faceted, pragmatic approach

Sri Lanka appears to be a country that resists meaningful change even after historic events such as ‘Black July’, end of war in May 2009, and the Aragalaya resistance in response to the unprecedented economic crisis. Perhaps, only slow and progressive changes are what is possible in an intransient political system that has dominated the country for decades. What the Tamil community, including those in the diaspora, can do under such circumstances?

The crimes of July 1983 | pic by Chandraguptha Amarasingha

For the Tamil diaspora, the influence and leverage we can have on our governments’ Sri Lanka policies (including at the UN) are fundamental to our advocacy efforts. But what has often been overlooked is the need to engage with all key stakeholders in Sri Lanka and develop a deeper understanding of the aspirations and fears of each community. 

Tamil politics for the past several decades has been driven by the fear of losing its uniqueness and identity in the land where they have been living for centuries. It is also a fact that despite being the dominant majority, the Sinhalese community also suffers from a feeling of insecurity due to certain historical and geographical considerations. There also appears to be some paranoia about Tamil diaspora, with no sympathetic consideration given for their hardship and suffering due to displacement and migration. 

We believe it is the responsibility of all communities and their leaders to take steps to reduce both the fear and insecurity of the other. It is in this matter that many politicians have not only failed but, in fact, exploited peoples’ fear for their own political benefits.

It is also unfortunate that ethnic and religious harmony in Sri Lanka has been viewed almost exclusively through a political prism, and the role of the civil society and religious leaders in promoting them has been rather marginal.

Tamil diaspora engagement

Forty years after Black July, Tamil diaspora is confident and capable, and many among them are willing to explore different ways of contributing to the betterment of the Tamil people, and indeed all communities living in Sri Lanka. 

While the possibilities are varied, many believe that with genuine and progressive inter-religious and civil society dialogue, including with the participation of Tamil diaspora, Sri Lanka can inch towards a truly pluralist country – a country where no community feels fearful of losing its identity or pride of place, and ‘Black July’ will appear only in history books, never to be repeated.

*Dr. K. Mukunthan is a Director of Global Tamil Forum (GTF) where he is a Senior Member of the Strategic Initiatives Team.

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Latest comments

  • 24
    3

    To my dearest Tamil fathers, mothers, brothers and sisters and all others who were affected by 7-83 and aftermath
    I seek your forgiveness for letting you go through the worst trauma in your lifetime. Though I never ever had a hand in it, my conscience doesn’t permit me to walk away with my head held high, when I see my own Tamil friends and loved-ones who barely had anything in their possession when they were forcibly dragged out of their houses and places of work. Some were not lucky enough to see another day, as they perished at the hands of goons.
    While the powers that be turned a Nelsonian eye towards the carnage, we the moderates tried our level best to save you, risking our own lives. For it was a grave mistake to have sheltered a Tamil during those gory days of July 83. While my father and I walked from S. Thomas’ Prep school to Mirihana, all I saw was carnage, destruction and brutality. I was an unfortunate victim of a sort to witness a burning body of a human being in 1971 when I was just 3. Never in my wildest of dreams I thought that I would be a witness to the same in a much deadlier magnitude, 12 years later.

    • 10
      0

      sanjeevaL,
      Thank you for the help you and other Sinhalese who saved the life of the Tamils in 1983 horror by saccrificing your life.

      • 1
        6

        Are you communicating with someone who sacrificed his life?
        A, you are close to performing a miracle.

    • 16
      1

      Sanjeeval thank you so much. People like you give me hope and believe in humanity . Less said better about those who justify the death of thousands as collateral damage.

    • 4
      1

      Sri Lanka Campaign for Peace and Justice have produced a new report
      “40 years ago today, on 23 July 1983, saw the beginning of the worst anti-Tamil pogrom in Sri Lanka’s history. An estimated 3,000 died over several days at the hands of organised and coordinated Sinhalese mobs, as police officers looked on or even participated in the violence. Many more lost their livelihoods or were made homeless.

      Four decades later, and there has been next to no justice for the terrible violence of July 1983. In our report, we reflect on the events of the riot; the failures to hold anyone to account for what happened; and what could still be done to achieve some justice, so long after the event itself.” https://www.srilankacampaign.org/wp-content/uploads/2023/07/Black-July-40-Years-On.pdf

  • 10
    3

    “While the possibilities are varied, many believe that with genuine and progressive inter-religious and civil society dialogue, including with the participation of Tamil diaspora, Sri Lanka can inch towards a truly pluralist country – a country where no community feels fearful of losing its identity or pride of place, and ‘Black July’ will appear only in history books, never to be repeated.”

    Tamil Diaspora may be thinking or believing that Sri Lanka can become a truly pluralistic country but the Sinhalaese majority are thinking total elimination of Tamil speaking community from this country is necessary to create a Buddhist Sinhala only Nation. July 1983 may be the starting point to chase the Tamils out of this island but 1958 was the clearing or chasing of Tamils from South to North East and 2009 was chase the Tamils of North East from the world. Now the migration of Sinhalse from South to North is happening.
    However, Buddhist Fundamentalism Since 2009 took a free hand to rob the Sinhalese as well. Since 2009, Buddhist Fundamentalism took control of economy and day by day they have started to sell the country and the Country has fallen into bankgruptcy. They are now trying to cheat Tamil diaspora to bring investment to develop their country in the name of giving 13th amendment which they can simply wipe out the Tamil diasporas economy.

  • 1
    39

    It’s not a secret anymore that Tamils kick started the so called black July violence by killing innocent unarmed Sinhala soldiers.
    /
    Tamil politicians, Ramachandran, Indira, Church boses, Christian Prabhakaran and his church backed LTTE terrorist organisation and Thambi Mudiyanse Juniors Richard must be held accountable for 83’Black July.

    • 13
      2

      “It’s not a secret …. Tamils kick started black July violence by killing innocent unarmed Sinhala soldiers. “
      Why was the Rapist Army unarmed after Appe Aanduwa spending $400B and leaving the you like barbaric lion hybrids as uncultured, non-school attended, uneducated, to roam freely around and sowing crimes and havoc in the bankrupted country? Remember, unarmed or without body armor or bare breasted or even fully denuded, you the Sinhala Buddhist Rapist Army have the Rape as the weapon in your hand; don’t you. Read the Sinhala dailies daily to know what the home returned Rapist Army is doing to the Sinhala Mahajan. Your government sowed. It is not just poverty, but many more you are going to reap in bumper harvests.

      If the Telugu Catholic leaders of Ceylon (Don Stephen, Solomon West Ridgeway Dias, Siri Ma O, Junius Richard) Ceylon leaders had come forward to spend the $400B of the Monday Kids education, instead of destroying the country in standardization, body armor for rapist by now NASA, ISRO like agency would be standing with their begging bowl to pick candidates from here. Instead, you are sending your women, mothers, sisters, and daughters to the Middle East to wash your new Colonial Masters’ back. Soon, as per those new culture trained returning women’s request, your Kandy Ayatollahs, instead of shaving their heads, will be cutting their bottoms.

      • 4
        1

        In reality, they were only Telugu Naicker by name but in every other aspect, they were Thamizh. It was largely Naicker men who were sent to rule the Thamizh lands down south and these men took Thamizh women from rich land-owning families as their wives and kept on marrying into ruling Thamizh families, therefore other than the original Telugu Naicker name there was very little Telugu in them and over the centuries they even stopped speaking Telugu and spoke Thamizh and even if the few who did, spoke some form of pidgin Telugu, that would have been anathema for an actual Telugu speaker. This is the reason they considered themselves Thamizh with a distant Telugu ancestry and fostered only Thamizh and Telugu even in the Kandyan court and considered present-day Thamizh Nadu as their homeland and only took brides and grooms from Thamizh or Thamizh speaking Naicker families from Madurai or Thanjavur and not from Telugu or Kannada speaking Naicker families from Andhra or elsewhere.

        • 4
          2

          This is also the reason the last King of Kandy and his immediate family and Naicker retinue were banished by the British to Slalem in their native Thamizh Nadu and not to Telugu land. As they were considered Thamizh and not Telugu. His direct descendants still live there. All these anti-Thamizh Chingkalla leaders including Sarath, Ponucheka, Muthu Karuppan .and the other Sarath or prince of darkness, all with a recent south Indian Thamizh immigrant ancestry now the biggest Chingkalla Buddhist racists and fascists. Oh forgot to mention Lanka Lies Chenali and Komalika too.

        • 4
          1

          sorry fostered only Thamizh and not Telugu

    • 11
      3

      Tony Banda, unarmed Sinhala soldiers? where did you get this nugget of information from?

      Your Banda army was fully armed, but they did not know how to use the weapons.
      They also did not know the LTTE will dare do something like this.

      Christian Prabaharan? Prabaharan was a Hindu, not a Christian.

      1983 riots came after 1957/58/77 riots. So you expected the Tamils to keep their hands tied behind their backs and get murdered by the coolies the dirty old racist fox (JRJ) sent to the north? Today Lanka is almost bankrupt and now everyone wants the Tamils to come back and invest and save Lanka. This country will always remain a joke. What has actually changed in the political arena since the fox died? The same crap goes and similar crap comes back, RW is a nephew of JRJ, has anything changed?

      • 1
        8

        TftN
        Tony is not correct in this context. But you may have forgotten the occasion when the LTTE massacred a large number of military personnel when they were having a break.

        • 6
          0

          SJ you are an interesting fellow. What does one armed group massacring military personnel while having a break got to do with killing innocent civilians who had nothing to do with the massacre. It was all out war. Whether you and I agree with it or not, one side will pounce on the other any chance they get. Once one side is on a break, do you really think the other side is sit on their hands and wait for them to finish their break?

          Most importantly which attack are you speaking about?

    • 7
      0

      How the F can soldiers be unarmed in the theater of war?

      • 1
        9

        The soldiers were returning and were having a break at a station when the LTTE attacked them, and many were killed.
        (Besides, soldiers do not always carry arms even in the theatre of war unless they are in action.)
        I doubt if you followed the history of the war.
        The LTTE was boastful of the ‘achievement’.

  • 13
    2

    The 83 riots were a shameful chapter in our history. I remember my father saying how JR made a passionate speech quoting Buddhism, in sympathy with Japan, in San Francisco soon after the war. Japan was accused of war crimes & at a time when Japan had no friends, JR made his bold speech to the world. Therefore, I am surprised how such a leader would be so callous in his remarks & indifferent in disciplining his own racist cabinet members in 1983. How politics can play to the gallery.
    In contrast, I remember talking with a German teacher on a school trip with his class at Sachsenhausen concentration camp near Berlin some years ago, who told me that the holocaust & the treatment of Jewish people was a dark period in their history but should never be forgotten, shameful as it was, so that such atrocities should never happen again. Maybe this was the reason for many Germans to welcome refugees. Unfortunately, I think the hard core Sinhala Buddhist majority still feel no remorse or shame about the 1983 violence. Maybe its the ignorance of the average SB on world affairs but politicians, even those representing minorities, continue to capitalise on race & religious disharmony. We prefer to accept even corruption & injustice if the ‘bigger picture’ is perceived to be Sinhala Buddhist ‘patriotism’.

    • 5
      13

      “I remember my father saying how JR made a passionate speech quoting Buddhism, in sympathy with Japan, in San Francisco soon after the war. Japan was accused of war crimes & at a time when Japan had no friends, JR made his bold speech to the world. Therefore, I am surprised how such a leader would be so callous in his remarks & indifferent in disciplining his own racist cabinet members in 1983.”
      Japan was not entirely friendless at the time. Thanks to the West, Japan has still not apologised to the real victims of its war and even glorifies its war mongers to this day.
      The only positive thing was that the Allies prevented Germany and Japan from rearming, until recently when Japan is on programme to rearm.
      JRJ’s thinking was never driven by compassion. He was a hard headed cynic

      • 7
        2

        SJ
        I am not knowledgeable as you are, therefore, the finer points of the war & its aftermath are beyond me. It is my understanding that the war is a sensitive subject to most Germans & Japanese & I avoid the subject in their presence. However, many years ago, a Japanese colleague, while explaining the role of Geisha girls in Japanese society, the conversation drifted to forced Korean ‘comfort women’ during the war & he was almost crying in shame & agrees the Japanese position of a military just to maintain its security & the bomb damage in Hiroshima & Nagasaki is preserved as a reminder of the destruction of war but this is besides the point. My point was, looking back at past atrocities, the average people of these countries are ashamed, yet, I doubt very much if the average Sinhala Buddhist is ashamed of our barbarism. Our politicians are responsible for this mindset by giving prominence to monks who have no understanding of Buddhism, to influence the gullible. The race & religious sentiment was, & still is, a trump card for politicians.

        Anyway, you have endorsed my opinion of JR in a nutshell.

        • 4
          1

          Raj
          I was only drawing attention to your illusion that JR was a humane soul whose concern was to defend a victim.
          He was, arguably, the most cynical political leader that the country had.

  • 3
    1

    I’d like to see that, “that almost every Tamil was made to feel they did not belong to the country”, reworded.
    No Tamil would have felt that way. Every Tamil would have felt that we have to prove that we belong to the country. The distinction is imperative. It is exactly what our boys were at.
    The rest of the article is comprehensive and is creditably presented.

    • 9
      2

      @Nathan, today they want the Tamils to come back and save Lanka. Until the day these old rascal politicians are in the country aided by the racist Buddhist clergy, this country should not be helped.

      • 2
        0

        TFTN,
        They are asking you all a favour, because they helped you all find ASYLUM 40 years ago!!!???
        It was well planned and schemed!!!???

        • 4
          0

          Mahila, it was already planned. The attack on the military in Thinaveli ignited the plan.

          By the way many decades ago we came to Canada not as asylum seekers. Our families have been in Canada for many decades and we were the last to leave, even that was many decades ago.

  • 11
    2

    Dear Dr. Mukunthan,
    .
    Thank you for writing with such restraint
    , despite so little having been done by us, Sinhalese, and by our essentially Sinhalese government, to alleviate your suffering.
    .
    There have always been some of us who have always realised the horror of your suffering. There is justification for your eloquent complaint. Let us get together to solve the problems that still haunt you, and even us. We must repair, and never allow this to happen again.
    .
    Compensation, punishment for the evil knowingly inflicted on you? I admit the necessity, but with every passing day the likelihood recedes. Your recounting of the facts objectively, shorn of calls for vengeance helps. Reading your article was painful, but it is necessary that we are never allowed to forget. Please suggest solutions even now; many of us are willing to respond,
    .
    Panini Edirisinhe (NIC 483111444V) of Bandarawela

    • 3
      2

      Sinhala_Man,

      If there is one person / party that has the answer, it is YOU. Yet, you are asking for a solution.
      You touched on it (barely) but couldn’t stretch your thought.
      – “essentially Sinhalese government’.
      YOU are the only people who can bring in the RIGHT government.

      • 3
        1

        Thanks, Nathan.
        .
        But I’m old and weak and poor.
        .
        I touched on it here, too,
        .
        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/economic-reforms-corruption-reconciliation/
        .
        before getting lost in comments on family.
        .
        Yes, I must rope the NPP grassroots into our discussion. Some of the things that I said last week surprised that guy in the JVP Head Office, Jagath Basnayake. For instance, when I said that Dr Ameer Ali is quietly backing those who want reform of MMDA, he was surprised. It was D.S. Senanayake’s UNP government that ushered in the current unacceptable law to please old Muslim men.
        .
        We must challenge the stereotypes that we are all prone to operate with.
        .
        Panini Edirisinhe

    • 9
      3

      “There is justification for your eloquent complaint. Let us get together to solve the problems that still haunt you, and even us. We must repair, and never allow this to happen again.”
      Sinhala_Man,
      How long you have to wait to get together to solve the problems. The problems did not stop in 1983, it continued until now and I have not seen any signs of changing attitude in the South. I think the current President himself was a witness or partner in the brutal planned genocide but he never utter a word against such brutalility.

  • 11
    1

    KM,
    Once again a well laid out and defined presentation of the Scenario leading in and out of “July, 1983 Fiasco” attributable to the credence of Sinhala Buddhism (SB) and Sri Lankan Politicians and present dilemma facing this Nation State, which was better avoided than trying to repair the follies!!!???
    Doubt even now a Sincere and Faithful attempt being attempted!!!???
    The cure or correction being ‘mooted’, EXPORT MORE ‘LABOUR’ ABROAD TO COUNTRIES SUCH AS SOUTH KOREA, JAPAN, VIETNAM AND CAMBODIA, TO AUGMENT the ‘GAP’, being encountered or envisaged, is to say the least unrealistic!!!??
    This to enable them
    1. Carry-On the UNECONOMIC, ‘Military Strength’ (higher than ‘The UK’ – Nuclear powered PERMANENT MEMBER – UN Security Council), and,
    2. The other – Free Education scheme to Graduation including even MBBS degree and to ‘LOAF AROUND, WORLD ARENA’ – Consultant/GP, AMASS WEALTH for their PERSONAL GAIN ONLY!!!??? POOR TAX PAYER THROWN UNDER BUS FOOTS BILL!??
    All seems to be an EYE-WASH and methodology to ‘BUY TIME, HOPEFULLY BAD EFFECTS’, would wither and GO-AWAY!!!???
    MESMERIC THOUGHTS WON’T HELP ACHIVE ANYTHING POSITIVE!!!???
    Que sera, sera?? Whatever will be, will be—————???
    Whither, Lanka SB’s, “ILLITERATE POLITICIANS (Majority, few exceptions, but OUTNUMBERED) & equally emancipated ELECTORARTE???

  • 15
    2

    A true and accurate eeflection.

    • 15
      2

      My mistake. A true and accurate reflection.

  • 17
    32

    Not to justify the horrendous events of July 1983, but this kind of writing is not educated history.July events did not happen out of nowhere. It was the result of many frustrations and perceived injustices.

    To start with, the 1977 lop sided elections saw the TULF as the main opposition party and Amithlingam as leader of opposition( Having about 15 of total population -I could be slightly off but around that figure) while the SLFP which had a vote base of 40% had only about 8 seats .

    By this time the separatists had begun unleashing violence and very regularly killed security officials and government servants in the North. Needless to say many State assets were destroyed and burnt by the separatists.

    The Sinhalese and Muslims living in those parts were violently thrown out by terror tactics.

    Meanwhile, in the rest of the country where large number of Tamils lived, they prospered, among the richest people they represented a disproportionate number. They were making money among the Sinhalese and by government patronage ( contracts, concessions got by corruption) .

    They maintained double standards, calling the terrorists “boys” , justifying their conduct.

    The people were resentful of this hypocrisy and double dealing. This is a often ignored part of that era

    • 27
      16

      DS,
      “Meanwhile, in the rest of the country where large number of Tamils lived, they prospered, among the richest people they represented a disproportionate number. They were making money among the Sinhalese and by government patronage ( contracts, concessions got by corruption) .”
      Thank you so much. You have revealed yourself as the utterly unfeeling, inhumane, immoral, and hypocritical racist you always were.
      So, you justify burning people alive because some others were,(according to you) “making a lot of money “? You have outdone even Prabhakaran in illogical vindictiveness.

      • 16
        12

        old codger

        These are the kind of people who are first to claim how they saved Tamils from their Pogrom.

        The relevant question is why can’t they stop such pogroms in the first place? They didn’t have to wait until the riots take place. They could find a way to prevent it before all the destruction took place.

        Perhaps deepthi desperado silva must be sitting on her head.

        • 11
          10

          “July events did not happen out of nowhere. “

          Everything started, to start the story to match with your level of super high cunning, with the Big Bang, 13b years ago. Next Incident that gave a more straight turn was when the bastardized woman went to the Odessa jungle to sleep with a wild animal. Then the stupid Tamil Nadu people, when they were rioting against the brutality of Jainism and Buddhism, they chased Telugu Pundict, your great great grandpa, to Ceylon. So, he landed here with such an intense kind of hate. Kandy King was captured and handed over to foreigners to have a high paying government job. Country fell into the hands of foreigners, where your cunning degraded you and you were hired as home dobies, but even for Cinnamon Peeling, Tamils were brought from TN. I don’t have knowledge to retrace and see if Sinhala Modayas had not handed over Rajasinhan to Whites that turn wouldn’t have happened, & there a Sinhala Buddhist Kingdom might have continued. …. There are many more to tell. That’s all OK, but when you concoct, pls don’t just bring stories from your fantasy feeling. Muslims were evacuated in 1990, almost a decade later. This incident did not start from the fact that the boys were forced to start LTTE & other organizations by standardization, which was the master plan of Bathiudeen.

          • 8
            10

            Ha Mallaya, you have entered the land of the lunatics, talking nonsense !

            Have you met fellow lunatics like Vedda, OC, SJ ,Leela and other brethren writing furious notes for the CT ?

            Please organize a vegetarian dinner party for the mad hatters, they will not know the difference ! ( think of all the savings you make by giving a vegetarian party ! Leave some water with brown colouring for OC, he will think it is beer !

        • 6
          0

          If they DO, there will be NO source to profiteer from the SAD EPISODE!
          Needle the funds out to save and then ‘CRY FOUL’
          Both happy on the OUTCOME, not the VICTIMS!!!????
          Simple Mr. Watson!!!??? Done with Finesse, so all are Happy!!!???

        • 3
          0

          NV,
          Then the drama wouldn’t be so interesting and noteworthy to Garner votes??? Whole purpose LOST!!!???

      • 13
        17

        I say Codger go jump in the lake. Who do you think you are to pass judgment ? I can say the same things of you . If I agree with you I become a racist and other things , if I agree I am a good man ! This is your lowness , you overbearing man !

        When the WTC was bombed by Bin laden how many innocent people died ? When Americans bomb Iraq how any innocent people died ? Were the perpetrators all racists ? You are so one sided and race oriented ( your own race)

        Americans dropped atom bombs on japan but now they are good friends. History is like that enemy today, tomorrow friends.

        I was only pointing out that July 1983 did not fall from the moon. There was a definite development prior which made it inevitable. That does not mean It can be condoned. But when you write history all facts must be considered.

        Do not dare to judge me or call me names you codger. write your comments with integrity and honesty not in your usual one sided and sly way

        • 14
          10

          DS,
          “When the WTC was bombed by Bin laden how many innocent people died ? When Americans bomb Iraq how any innocent people died ? Were the perpetrators all racists ?”
          So, by your warped logic, if your cousin murders his mother, that is an excuse for you to murder your father. And you call yourself a Buddhist!
          ” If I agree with you I become a racist and other things , if I agree I am a good man ! “
          Apparently you still can’t decide whether you are male or female, but want others to “write your comments with integrity and honesty”. What a loser.🤣🤣🤣🤣🤣

          • 2
            5

            OC, What a narrow and limited man you are !

            Haven’t you heard of the artist’s license !

            Going by the number of comments on my gender, I have excelled in it !

            By the way have you noticed that I don’t show any interest in your true identity.

            That is true elitism !

            • 4
              2

              DS,
              “Haven’t you heard of the artist’s license !”
              If there is such a thing, it must be pretty cheap.

        • 13
          2

          deepthi silva, OC only reacted to your insensitive comment. If you have presented some justification to the 83′ riots, exlain what happened in 1957/58/77? What were the frustrations the Sinhalese faced back then? Aren’t you ashamed to be part of the 80% population and whine about 15% of the population. What about standardization policies, riots after riots, many other racist pogroms and you wanted the Tamils to shut up and be subserviant to the Sinhalese? If you have tied those bald headed hoodlums in a dog catchers cage and submerged them, this country could have possibly prospered. Buddhism is not even a religion, it is a philosophy. Buddha never had any Godly powers and what are almost 80% of Sinhalese running after him for?

          • 3
            1

            TftN
            A religion does not need a god,
            Like Buddhism, Jainism too is a godless religion. Unlike Buddhism it believes in a perpetual soul that goes through a series of rebirths.
            Several oriental religions believe in supernatural beings that are called ‘gods’ but play no role in creation or other ‘divine’ functions associated with most major religions.
            Will those of us who boldly point a finger at the Sinhalese Buddhists spare a moment to examine Tamil attitude towards those of a ‘lower birth’, about our attitude towards Muslims, and even Tamils from a different part of the country?
            We readily label whole populations are racist with no thought to the factors that contributed to negative attitudes and to the group interests at play in all communal conflicts.

            • 7
              0

              SJ, nope you are wrong. A religion is a following of someone with must superior powers to a human, but Buddhsim is a philosophy. Who said the caste system is right, it is a disgusting practice. Also I am a northern Tamil. The northern Tamils look down on the Eastern Tamils. You don’t think I know this? The bloody LTTE was very cruel to the Muslims of Jaffna. There you have my view on what you wrote above.

      • 3
        10

        old codger,
        I wish to have your final observation qualified.
        Prabhakaran turned illogical and vindictive in the latter days.

        • 11
          16

          Nathan, before whatever you refer to as latter days, macho Prabakaran- this uneducated, Clint Eastwood movie buff and smuggler was a virtuous man ! !

          Now there is an attempt in this forum to put the entire blame for the countless atrocities on Prabakaran.

          Accordingly, all those who financed the killing machine, smuggling arms and drugs, illegally entering countries, using bogus Visa applications, illegal money transfers, those who shot prisoners ( including LTTE no 2 man mahathya after a kangaroo trial !) , all those who massacred the TELO ,EROS , so many thousands of innocent villagers, Central bank bombing , so many politicians both Tamil and Sinhala, are not guilty , only this prabakaran guy is guilty !

          Distort every fact, while posing off as a sophisticated Pub goer and self confessed voyeur !

          It seems that the main participants on this forum are a tiny faction of a tiny minority ! And a dishonest bunch making a case for entry Visas to Western countries ! ( Note, not to India ! )

          • 5
            0

            No wonder, exemplary individuals are on scholarships, to obtain entry visa for economic reasons and wait back in those countries, w/o returning to their motherland to serve the people, who generously, paid for their education or are still paying for it!!!???
            OPPORTUNISTS!!!???

        • 2
          0

          Was he any better when he was ‘logical’?

        • 2
          1

          Nathan

          “Prabhakaran turned illogical and vindictive in the latter days.”

          He was a vindictive psychopath from the beginning, through out and at the end.

          • 0
            0

            Native Vedda,
            We have a difference of opinion.
            If you produce evidence, or supportive arguments I’d make an effort to counter them.
            (Convincing you, however, could be difficult, I am afraid.)

            • 1
              0

              Nathan

              First nimal’s buddy Thiruvengadam Velupillai Prabaharan was never a democratically elected leader.

              He forced himself on Tamil Speaking people as their leader.
              He killed, killed, killed, killed ………………………… went on killing anything and everything that had life.

              He started killing his own comrades in the 1970s probably while they were sleeping, then his fellow Tamils, Tamil leaders, …. then in 1985 Anuradhapura massacre 145 innocent people died, … TELO cadres and their leader Siri were massacred, then of course EPRLF cardres were massacred in Jaffna, Muslims were massacred inside mosques, suicide bombs at various places in Colombo killed hundreds of innocent people, Central Bank, Dehiwala station, ….. please refer to the list
              https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_attacks_attributed_to_the_LTTE

              Assassination of many unarmed civilians,.. politicians including Rajiv Gandhi, …. Amirthalingam, Yogeshwaran, …. Force-ably recruited under age children sent to battle field, to walk through minefield …. refused civilians permission to leave their Vanni area, herded lot of the Tamils from Jaffna to Vanni, ……
              Northern province was ethnically cleansed of Muslims, their assets were misappropriated by LTTE cadres, ….

              He was a very sick man.
              Please don’t defend him.

              All you have to do is just go through what he did and he didn’t do, ….
              Ultimately he died a lonely death in the hands of war criminals, …
              He was offered many peace deals as usual he didn’t want to stop fighting because he loved killing, blood, death, …

              • 0
                0

                Native Vedda,
                I have heard your argument. Still, I stand by my observation, –
                Prabhakaran turned illogical and vindictive in the latter days.
                .
                Rebel leaders don’t get to be ‘elected’
                .
                He expected you to not stand on his way.
                Yes, he killed those who stood on his way. Regrettable but understandable.
                When you see how a few who survived now mis’Lead’ Tamils, don’t you wish that he had not failed.
                I stress again that he turned illogical and vindictive only in the latter days.
                For instance, Rajiv’s murder was vindictive.

                • 2
                  0

                  Nathan

                  “For instance, Rajiv’s murder was vindictive.”

                  It was not murder, massacre, 16 died and 43 seriously injured.
                  Then why did the psychopath hired a Tamilnadu photographer to record the unfortunate incident?

                  That psychopath watched all murder videos and photos.
                  So did Gota, I understand.
                  He was thrilled to send suicide bombers and promised them martyrdom, even pregnant women and children were being used as cannon fodder.

                  Who the hell did give him authority to kill people, maim, …. massacre, ….

                  “Rebel leaders don’t get to be ‘elected’”

                  Hence what Shavendra, Kamala, …. and … did was justifiable?
                  If you extent your pointless argument you can justify any and all killings, riots, pogrom, massacre …. including 1971, between 1987 and 1991, … .30 years, ..

                  Tamil cause (whatever that is) was his cover for his psychopathy, as much as Sinhala/Buddhism is cover for Sinhala/Buddhist murderous rage, …. massacres, war crimes, … We had other psychopath in Rohana, even now we have Gota among us, …

                  Many in civilian cover also enjoy watching killings, they do not get to enjoy actual killing themselves however it gives them immense pleasure talking and justifying all deaths.

                  That psychopath didn’t know when to stop being a mass murderer and behave like a rational leader. If not for the “Tamil Cause” he would have been an assassin for hire.

      • 13
        7

        1
        Unfortunately, the hatred of our Sinhalese is in our genes. Deepti is a good example. She never sees it right. Her mental illness is incurable.

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OsgvG8JOphI

        Paradoxically, they call themselves a Buddhist nation. It is not displayed at all in their daily activities. In fact, many Sinhalese Buddhists commit any kind of heinous crime by publicly licking the sacred Bo-tree. The best example is the actions of Mahinda Rajapaksa, who is now a Member of Parliament, in the current parliament too.. Is there any other top criminal in this country apart from this bastard of theirs?
        . The so-called Sons of Buddha (preferably Pinguttas and nearly 30,000 parasites across the country) behave as sangha forces against minorities and even some Sinhalese. In fact, I personally got to know true Buddhists in Europe and California. They do not practice hatred like Sri Lankan Buddhists.
        Those Sinhala Buddhist monks enjoy only impunity and a place above the law in society. Many of them enter society without enough food for their growth. Buddhist monks in Sri Lanka have been blessed with free education and free life. It is a boon for poor parents to sacrifice their young children to the “Sasana” under the illusion that “if your son devotes himself to the Sanghayana, your generation will be closer to Nirvana”.

        tbc

        • 9
          5

          cont.
          .
          2

          Sri Lankan expats see it better than the people of 22 million living in the country. As one who lived in that country for the first 2 decades and moved out of the country for europe, today I feel that our people cannot see it beyond.

          Not only against minorities, they have enough clashes within their community. I have no idea if that is common to other developing nations. A meta-analysis within their community reveals their jealousy, hatred, revenge, hatred more than the positive qualities of any other society.

          Just think, when civilized countries like Germany and Vietnam go to war or when they are caught in such unexpected humanitarian disasters, unfortunately they behave with “repentance”, very unfortunately, yet today we do not see such a thing among the Sinhalese ?????

          This is not clear to me what about other CT readers. And I observed them carefully when I was last in this country 3 weeks ago.
          Most of them are proud of their nation, they have not learned anything about the world and the same countries and nations. Internet and television news connect people with the world, however, they act blind and deaf.

          God (invisible forces) bless our nation !

      • 7
        5

        Every time I’m forced to read the comments of this apparently unidentifiable Silva, I’m reminded of whether this person is male or female. Then that person says that our behavior is not like gentlemen. And then against the lone individual, Indians keep talking about the misdeeds of despicable people…. What is really wrong with the individual?
        .
        I need to know what drove DS away from our racist dominated motherland?
        He or she lives in the UK today but whatever the villain presents is based on his or her racially rich statements. It should be due to the person’s upbringing.
        .
        We Sinhalese should be ashamed for having bred more racists rather than the opposite opinion in our motherland.
        .
        Even after 30 years of brutal warfare, it is clear that the venomous reptiles are still there. Their hatred remains like tree bark. With this being the reality of our people, can we ever think of surpassing our economic revival by ushering in a better era for our youth? We have lost 30 years and today we must not give up even a minute if we want to realize our future goals for a good and prosperous country for the youth. In those 3 lost decades, South Koreans, Indonesians, Singaporeans and many other smaller nations overtook us. We are also now behind Bangladesh, which until recently was a sinkhole for the world’s media.

        • 1
          5

          ” apparently unidentifiable Silva …” I say Leela do you understand English ?

          How are we to identify Leelagemalli ?

      • 8
        2

        Deepthi De S,
        “Justify burning people alive because some others were (according to you) “making a lot of money?”
        Was this by any illegal means by coercion or wild threats??? If not how does it become a ‘scope for retributive justice and action by rowdy MOBS, burning them alive!!??
        If that is acceptable, there may be threats at the lives of Dhammika Perera (DK) and others “making a killing’ in the vibrant stock market!!!???
        So, these cowards are and may resort to killing ‘POOR’ DK one day, if in the opinion of these emancipated villains, they are “MAKING TOO MUCH MONEY” when the illiterate and unfortunate are dying of Starvation!!!???
        WHAT A CONUNDRUM!!!???
        Probably, there is acceptable and quantifiable explanations, available in ‘SB thought process” to Substantiate and Justify this thought process!!!???
        TERRIFIC CONCEPT???
        Now am coming to grips with the concept of SB and the differentiation with that of Buddhism, expounded by the greatest soul, Prince Siddhartha, Gautama the Buddha!!!???
        Thankyou Deepthi for so kindly enlightening us all, mere illiterate MORTALS!!!???

        • 4
          1

          Mahila, “making too much money” may be the reason the mob went after , looking for each and every Tamil Doctor, who served all communities including SB.

    • 15
      12

      
deepthi desperado silva
–
“the 1977 lop sided elections saw the TULF as the main opposition party and Amithlingam as leader of opposition( Having about 15 of total population -I could be slightly off but around that figure)”
–
Whats wrong with Amirthalingam being elected opposition leader, given the election rules he was the right candidate to sit in that position. You mean his race and religion didn’t qualify him for that office?
–
“By this time the separatists had begun unleashing violence and very regularly killed security officials and government servants in the North”
–
In fact violence was first unleashed in 1915, then …. 1956, 1958, 1960s, 1971, 1981, …..
You should once in a while revisit our sad history the first political assassination was carried out in Colombo in 1959 by Saffron mad men (who financed Banda’s racist competition) who were Sinhalese and not Tamil nor members of ISIS.
–
In 1971 it was Rohana’s Sinhala/Buddhist failed war against the state, police and armed forces. Rohana and his boys were all Sinhala/Buddhists, not Tamils nor members of ISIS. Rohana was a psychopath who did not teach Prabaharan (another psychopath) well.
–
Please type your versions in perspective.
–
“Needless to say many State assets were destroyed and burnt by the separatists.”

      • 14
        8

        Continued

        deepthi desperado silva

        Do you know why many of these people left the country and now form sizable noisy diaspora?

        If there is political problem we can work out a solution
        If there is economic problem we can work out a solution
        If there is …….. problem we can work out a solution

        If you are suffering from paranoia … we do not have solution.

        People like you should realise they are a curse to this country.

        “They maintained double standards, calling the terrorists “boys” , justifying their conduct.”

        What did the Sinhala/Buddhist call their corrupt politicians, thugs, drug smugglers, pistol whipping ministers, arsonists, ….. and their saffron clad thugs, war criminals, .Deshamanya … Rana Viruses, reward them with diplomatic postings, …. complete impunity from crime, ….

    • 9
      16

      DS:

      I agree with you that this article is a very one-sided depiction of the July 83 events. This sort of article hinders rather than helps any reconciliation efforts by casting the Tamils entirely as the victims and the majority community as the sole villains. One can imagine the effect this sort of propaganda has on the decision makers in the West who have no deep knowledge of the affairs of this country.

      The perceived support and sympathy for the LTTE among the Tamil population in Colombo was an important factor in the July 83 tragedy. Even after 83 Tamils in Colombo expressed their solidarity with the LTTE by lighting lamps on Mahaviru day. This article deliberately and dishonestly ignores these facts.

      • 10
        3

        LJ
        Not just this kind of article but also responses that try to whitewash the criminal act are grossly harmful.

        • 8
          0

          LJ, it’s you who is deliberately, and dishonestly distorting facts. Have you ever heard from victims tell you what happened that day. I know, because a student (from the same school) and his father were burned alive, by the rumor created by people like you “tigers are here to attack”. Is that a propaganda or fact ???? Does your own testament justify killing thousands because of perceived support and sympathy ???? Nothing from Bible to quote this time, justifying government organized violence ????? You are not just a hypocrite but a racist bigot . The discussion is not about victims and villains, that is for people like you to tell other Lankans. Westerners have heard and seen enough, from the likes of you. LJ, types “One can imagine the effect this sort of propaganda on the decision makers in the West who have no deep knowledge of the affairs of this country”. Why don’t you check the last Geneva resolution ????

    • 9
      1

      Desperate Deepthi,
      “Needless to say many State assets were destroyed and burnt by the separatists”
      Burning State property was the signature quality of the JVP -southern terrorists and not that of the Northern terrorist!!?? Equally well the Northern terrorist always safeguarded and protected the Schools and Higher educational institutions, unlike their Southern counterparts, who were thrilled to bits, when the higher educational institutions were destroyed!!!??
      That was a defining DISTINCTION BETWEEN THE 2 SIDES OF THE REVOLUTION!!!! Especially
      Contrasting values!!!???
      So for One to say, that (Northern terrorists) destroyed and burnt, sate property is TOO RIVH!!???

    • 5
      0

      (Part I)
      Desperate Deepthi,
      “To start with, the 1977 LOP SIDED ELECTIONS saw the TULF as the main opposition party and AMIRTHALINGAM AS LEADER OF OPPOSITION (Having about 15 of total population – I could be slightly off but around that figure) WHILE THE SLFP WHICH HAD A VOTE BASE OF 40% HAD ONLY ABOUT 8 SEATS.”
      We Sri Lankans always CHERISH and STICK to part of the facts and try drawing conclusions!!??? Is it a SL trait of subjectively, ignoring all the facts and selecting to choose a few or part thereof!!? Gross Misrepresentation, which tends to mislead the reader and cause great confusion!!!
      The system of election was the same since 1930’s – First Past the Post (FPTP SYSTEM) wins the seat in parliament and the person commanding CONFIDENCE of highest number of MPs’ becomes PM and Governs! 47 years NO CHANGE!!! The balance MP’s not belonging to the Governing Party, becomes the OPPOSIITON!!
      The one who commands the highest number of opposition Leader of the Opposition!!!???
      This anomaly in the ‘FIRST PASSED POST’ SYSTEM’ was pointed out in 1956, March and July 1960, March 1965 elections & for your information 1970 May elections, returning Sirimavo ULF government!
      (TBC)

    • 5
      0

      (Part II)
      Though the opposition party UNP suffered ignominiously due to the BIAS in the ‘FIRST PASSED POST’ SYSTEM’ when it was pointed out – chided and nothing happened to change the system by SLFP!!???
      1970 May 22 general Elections, returning Sirimavo Dias Ratwatte Bandaranaike to Power 2nd time
      SLFP LSSP UNP
      Seats won 91 19 17
      Seat change 50 9 49
      Popular vote 1,839,979 433,224 1,892,525
      Percentage 36.86% 8.68% 37.91%
      Average – Votes/Seat 20,219 48,136 38,623
      Average – per seat ULF 38,623

      The total UNP votes of 1,892,525 was left in Opposition ranks and lesser (by 53,000 votes), 1,839,979, invited to form government in 1970!!!
      There was lot of agitation as to this anomaly and to change to a hybrid, 50% FPTP SYSTEM & BALANCE ON PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTAION (preferential multi constituency voting), the then Czar of the SLFP RULED OUT, saying it needs 2/3rd Majority to pass!!!???
      Nevertheless, the liar politicians had the gumption to have new ‘REPUBLICAN CONSTITUTION’ proclaimed in 1972, drawing on the 2/3rd majority they already enjoyed as ULF government!!!???
      These are the vicissitudes’ of Sri Lankan SINHALA BUDDHIST GOVERNMENTS!!!???
      No surprises there as it was according to convoluted norm, everything happened!!!
      (TBC)

    • 5
      0

      (Part III)
      So why complain about 1977 and the consequential demotion out of Power and ignominious Relegation to backbenchers in Opposition!!!??? Misfits in the SEATS of POWER!!!???
      Gods own medication for misuse of Power and ABSOLUTE POWER at that!!!??? OBLIVION AT BEST!?
      The progression of events, JRJ Accelerated Mahaweli Diversion, thru’ Finco and Australian Apple Orchards, to CBK on developments, then onto MaRa, who to share, convincingly the truth elevated the Governance to a new height (My Foot!!) to a new ELEVATION UNMATCHED EVER BEFORE!!!???
      DSS, DSHELTONS, JK, SWRD, SRDB, JRJ. RP, CBK left behind in the shadows, by his “OPEN CHEQUE” policy, you know what’s meant and “RUNNING TO GROUND THE ECONOMY” at the coats of Café Ceylon etc., in Uganda and propping, SAN MONICA PRINCIPALITY WITH STOLEN BOOTY!!!???
      You know why SL is “BUNKALOTHU”!!!??? Borrowed and then borrowed again and over again, so that the 20% ‘PIECE OF CAKE’, is sufficiently meet all his ego detailed above!!!???
      Don’t run away with the false idea that it was all because of ‘BAD BOYS’, terrorism etc. Aggrandisement was the sole and only reason, and nothing else!!!???
      Please induce him to return the “Bad Gains” ASAP!!!???

  • 14
    24

    Further to my comment , and in no way justifying the horror events of July 1983, we must look at these things in perspective.

    What do you think will happen if some Muslims living and making money in New Delhi support Kashmir terrorists to kill Indian soldiers ?

    Similarly what will happen if Muslim immigrants support a terrorist group killing american troops in Iraq

    Very soon all niceties will go off and these traitors will be whipped in open

    • 15
      7

      deepthi desperado silva

      “…. in no way justifying the horror events of July 1983,..”

      Please find another way of b*** *******g.

  • 13
    26

    It is true that many innocent people got attacked in 1983. They say many of the detainees at Guantanamo Bay are innocent. That is nature of these conflicts. Human nature is the same every where.

    • 14
      9

      deepthi desperado silva

      “They say many of the detainees at Guantanamo Bay are innocent.”

      They also say NASA is sending its rockets to Sun. Why doesn’t Sri Lanka follow American scientific development?

      A NASA spacecraft has flown into the sun’s atmosphere for the first time in history
      https://www.npr.org/2021/12/15/1064532565/nasa-spacecraft-sun-atmosphere-parker-solar-probe

      I suggest put all your “Thinking Racists” “Clever D***s.. “Saffron Clad Thugs” … in American rockets and send them to Mars on one way space travel. It would be cheaper than maintaining them on earth. Make sure you take the last spaceflight.

    • 5
      0

      Dear D.S.
      .
      You should watch the video below. There must be something fundamentally wrong with you in your life. Your behavior stands out to many.
      .
      Get back to normal so our society can see beyond that.Thank you.
      .
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CG49NOQCLyQ&t=257s

  • 13
    3

    Until the victims of all these crimes mainly committed by Sinhala Buddhists this so called Sinhala Buddhist country will never prosper. This country is cursed.

    Crooks in parliament want compensation for loosing part of their loot during the aragalaya time, where is compensation for what the Tamils lost. Some lost everything other than the clothes they were wearing.

    Good Ranil is pawning a part of the Tamil area to India. May be by the 50th anniversary it will be a part of South India.

    • 9
      2

      Bert

      “Until the victims of all these crimes mainly committed by Sinhala Buddhists this so called Sinhala Buddhist country will never prosper.”

      The only way to do is to liberate Sinhalese and Buddhists from Sinhala/Buddhism.

  • 10
    26

    So what’s stopping you from sending money to your old people, developing Jaffna, and settling there? You can do it all without federalism. Even the current taxes won’t hurt you because no one has provident funds in Jaffna for lack of employment. Once you develop the place and secure the happiness of the old folk, then you can negotiate that your provident funds will not be touched. You can do it now also. It will be a kind of devolution. And if you move to the South, it will be much appreciated as as you can help develop it too. Pogroms of 40 years ago will never happen again unless you start demanding Eelam in the North and South all over again.

    • 13
      7

      ramona grandma therese fernando

      “So what’s stopping you from sending money to your old people, developing Jaffna, and settling there?”

      It is the undemocratic racist Sinhala/Buddhist state run by racist functionaries and corrupt politicians form Colombo.

      In the North East people have to get permission, authorisation,… from Army, Navy, Airforce, STF, Forestry Department, Water resources, Ministry of Buddha Sasana, ……. to even ease themselves, ….. and just to exist.

      Now the saffron clad thugs want to regulate how people, how often…. husband and wife mate.

      Forget developing Jaffna.

      The situation is true through out the island.

      Now the situation is worsening, the rulers (claim to be Sinhala/Buddhist) are on the back of the people, people have no way unleash their potential, have to bottle up their energy, …. because some a******e somewhere in the system steal/block whatever people can independently develop.

      Free the people from Sinhala/Buddhism, people can make miracle out of nothing.

      • 6
        19

        Native Vedda,

        Definitely Army, Navy, Airforce, STF have to keep tabs on any Eelam madness re-emerging. Forests and water resources need to be protected…glad if they are doing it all over the island. Sewerage infrastructure needs to be installed. Ministry of Buddha Sasana needs to preserve ancient Buddhist sites in the north (irrespective of Tamil or Sinhalese origins).

        • 10
          2

          ramona grandma therese fernando

          Could you read my comment once again and then type your response.

        • 5
          3

          Dear RTF,
          .
          This comment would have been totally unacceptable from anybody else.
          .
          However, you have won our respect for your sincerity, seriousness, and decency.

      • 5
        0

        NV,
        Are you seriously suggesting that they intend to control that functionality in Tamils??? I was under the impression that all of them including Athana, Methana, Natana types, and Weerasangili’s are promoters of that function freely as per their purported annoyance at Dr Shafi’s Fallopian tube massacre!!!???
        Because the Saffron robed are the new Kings of this Land, they may be trying hard to resuscitate, what the Kings of England – our ‘Onetime Colonial Masters’ enjoyed of their CITIZENS, restricting under the then Law of only Fornicating Under Consent of King!!!???
        They are indeed good at adaptation and do it fast too!!!??? Hope it’s NOT!!??

    • 10
      2

      Ramona:
      “So what’s stopping you from sending money to your old people,”
      I don’t like to call people I know nothing of as stupid but it you wrote this as a joke its not funny.
      If I am to give you reasons I can go into pages but I will give you three:
      Militarizing the region and occupying private land.
      Evicting the rightful owners of the land in the disguise of archaeology.
      Planting Buddhist temples where there no followers other than those settled by the state to change the balance of power.

      You have heard the story of the fox and the crow. You trying something like that because sending money to SL will also ease Colombo’s Fx problem.
      “then you can negotiate “
      Don’t say words you don’t understand. Have you heard of the DS/Chelvanayagam pact, Dudly/Chelvanayagam pact. In our life time Rajiv/JR which gave rise to 13A. Voluntary promises to UN, India, EU the list goes on. Sinhala Bauda Lanka has no integrity and cannot be trusted.

    • 5
      0

      RTF,
      AND WHEN SB’s, stop their CRANKY little “PROGROMS”, they so well FANCY from time to time, to keep them entertained when they find themselves bored – Like a piece of RED cloth being waved in the sight of Prodigal SPANISH BULLS !!!???
      Not at all suggesting any hereditary connection of SB’s to ‘Prodigal Spanish Bulls’!!????

      • 5
        7

        Mahila

        Well, Ranil certainly is doing the worst of things, and far worser than than all of the Sinhala leaders combined – his robotic cut and dried equation to get the maximum possible money of the Lankan entity (on his premise that SB’s are stupid) : Powerize the Buddhist clergy and deliver on a platter,……..Federalism!

        Now a more intelligent and capable leader will leave aside outdated cultural and religious phobias and merge the country democratically.

  • 12
    7

    To survive as a people, we must never forget, especially the people left behind here in Sri Lanka.
    Thank you for not letting us forget

  • 6
    5

    The author provides a very realistic picture of the current status of SL Tamil society and its Diaspora, but I don’t share the author’s optimism in his concluding para: “While the possibilities are varied, many believe that with genuine and progressive inter-religious and civil society dialogue, including with the participation of Tamil diaspora, Sri Lanka can inch towards a truly pluralist country – a country where no community feels fearful of losing its identity or pride of place, ….”

    It is a highly unrealistic expectation, given the makeup of the Sinhalese polity, and the evidence we have seen since independence. This article has to be read along with Lionel Bopage’s and Tisaranee Gunasekara’s articles to understand the realities, what the likes of Sarath Weerasekara are up to, etc., and determine the right course of action for the Tamil diaspora activists to take.

  • 3
    11

    Author:

    “Without oversimplification, most of Sri Lanka’s ills can be attributed to a single source – its inability to manage a pluralist society without pandering to majoritarian chauvinism.

    I don’t agree. I think even if all the majorities had vanished in 1948 leaving only the majority Sinhalese, the nation would still find itself in the same situation as today minus the cost to the economy caused by the decades long war between the Government and the LTTE.

    • 0
      10

      Correction: “…if all the minorities had vanished….”

    • 6
      1

      LJ
      Do you mean that the identity issue would have shifted to caste?

      • 0
        8

        SJ:

        I mean that even without the minorities to “mistreat,” all the ills that the country has experienced (minus the LTTE issue) would have occurred, including the JVP uprisings, the Aragalaya, etc. with the causes that led up to them.

        • 5
          0

          LJ
          When existing minorities are absent, other minorities are identified.
          The ruling elite always need a ‘threat’, internal or external, for their survival as the dominant entity.
          You know as much as any other that the SB community is not a harmonious group of equals.
          The question is who will they blame for all their failings in the absence of an ethnic minority.

          • 4
            0

            SJ,
            They will create a convenient “ETHINIC MINORITY” to suit their Purpose!!!??? Then, SAME GAMEPLAN!!!???

    • 10
      0

      Leonard Jayawardena

      “the nation would still find itself in the same situation as today minus the cost to the economy caused by the decades long war between the Government and the LTTE.”

      Like their Tamil brethren Sinhala/Buddhists are capable of creating reasons to keep conflict(s) (among themselves) going forever, eg 1971 and between 1987 and 1991.

      They are gifted in repeating the same mistakes again and again and again, then blaming the victims ….. and finally blaming the Suddas, the invaders, including Cholas and Pandyas, … never themselves.

      All the psychopaths, murderers, war criminals, …. thieves, robber barons, …….. are being celebrated as heroes while remembering victims peacefully is either banned or dispersed forcibly while agent provocateurs are being protected.

  • 2
    8

    Mahila

    Well, Ranil certainly is doing the worst of things, and far worser than than all of the Sinhala leaders combined – his robotic cut and dried equation to get the maximum possible money of the Lankan entity (on his premise that SB’s are stupid) : Powerize the Buddhist clergy and deliver on a platter,……..Federalism!

    Now a more intelligent and capable leader will leave aside outdated cultural and religious phobias and merge the country democratically.

    • 4
      0

      RTF,
      Cannot agree with you more, as far as Strategy is concerned!!!???
      He is the ONE HOLDING THE KEYS RIGHT NOW and therefore anything contrary is ‘useless’
      Let’s take what happened, after “Thinnavely Bomb Blast” killing 13 Army soldiers on 23rd July and JUNIUS RICHARDS’ DECISION, accord ‘STATE FUNERAL’ at Borella Kanatte on the 24th July 1983!!! Did that “Genius and Giant of the then SL Political Spectrum, think of consequences!? Or, atleast listen to the advice given by his PM, 2nd in command in Government in 1983, history of SL, Majority Sinhalese, other Minorities including Tamils would have been totally different!!?? Even SB attitude would have been different!!!???
      No feeding of Cadres to terrorists, LTTE, TELO, EPRLF, EROS (WHICHROSEEARLIER DUE Sirimavo’s Govt. “STANDARDISATION”) and importantly less powerful DIASPORA, which until then was based on “University Entrance Malady”!!!???
      No default in loan and Bond repayments, GALLOPING WELL AND STRIDING ALONG HAPPILY, W/O 30 YEAR WAR EXPENDITURE & MAINTAING DEFENCE FORCES as Nuclear-powered UK!!!??? Perhaps continue with “DEFICIT BUDGETTING” year-on-year to PLEASE uneducated and ill-informed ELECTORATE happy and ‘NURSED WELL’ to vote them back to power, without difficulty – the only dream of any SL politician worth his “SALT”!!!???
      Wisdom ANNULED!!!???

  • 6
    0

    ramona grandma therese fernando

    “……….. and merge the country democratically “

    Watch and learn:
    Another Brick in the Wall
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qs35t2xFqdU

    We don’t need no education
    We don’t need no thought control
    No dark sarcasm in the classroom
    Teacher, leave them kids alone
    Hey, teacher, leave them kids alone
    All in all, it’s just another brick in the wall
    All in all, you’re just another brick in the wall
    We don’t need no education
    We don’t need no thought control
    No dark sarcasm in the classroom
    Teachers, leave them kids alone
    Hey, teacher, leave us kids alone
    All in all, you’re just another brick in the wall
    All in all, you’re just another brick in the wall
    If you don’t eat yer meat, you can’t have any pudding
    How can you have any pudding if you don’t eat yer meat?
    You! Yes, you behind the bike stands
    Stand still, laddy!

    • 6
      0

      NV,
      Good One

  • 5
    0

    Desperate Deepthi De Silva,
    “NEEDLESS TO SAY MANY STATE ASSETS WERE DESTROYED AND BURNT BY THE SEPARATISTS”
    Burning State property was THE SIGNATURE QUALITY of the JVP – southern terrorists and not of the Northern terrorist!!?? Equally well, Northern terrorist always safeguarded and protected Schools and Higher educational institutions, unlike their Southern counterparts, who were thrilled to bits, when the higher educational institutions were destroyed!!!??
    That was a defining DISTINCTION BETWEEN THE 2 SIDES OF THE REVOLUTION!!!! Especially
    Contrasting values of the ETHNIC DIVIDE!!!???
    One adoring Education and educational Institutions and the OTHER OPPOSING VIRTUES!!!???
    ANYONE TO SAY that (Northern Terrorists) destroyed & burnt, STATE PROPERTY is TOO RICH!!???
    What about the State instigated Hooligans being instrumental in destruction of Neo- State properties and Institutions, such as the Jaffna Library, with high profile Cabinet Ministers watching from a distant location, evidently well-documented!!!??? If in doubt, go to LLRC recording of evidence and outcome as documented!!!???
    DISTORTION OF FACTS IS THE UTMOST CRUELTY TOWARDS THE HUMAN RACE, committed by Human Rights Violators under the guise being Truthful!!!??
    They are cause of ill-boding of HUMANITY and should be despised for their existence in a respected society and as to their spouting hatred!!!???

  • 7
    0

    Native, cunning racist bigots , can fool 6.9 Million all their lives, and majority of Lankans , most of the time, but can they fool the whole world , all of the time ????

    • 6
      0

      It’s always good to know, those who are hidden / camouflaged racist bigots among us. When people try to justify or come up with F ……g excuses for tbousands of death ( regardless of race , religion, cast ) by violence , it’s clear that we are not dealing with human beings anymore.

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