26 October, 2020

Blog

After Sri Lanka, Will It Be Nepal’s Turn?

By Rajeewa Jayaweera

Rajeewa Jayaweera

Rajeewa Jayaweera

After effecting ‘course correction’ in Sri Lanka in making its leaders replace the former regime’s ‘look East’ policy with a ‘look India’ policy, news from Nepal would suggest that India has now turned its attention to the tiny Himalayan Kingdom turned Republic in intervening on behalf of two minority communities having its origins in India, similar to its involvement in Sri Lanka on behalf the Tamil community.

Nepal is a landlocked country with an area of 147,181 sq. kms. It is located in the Himalayas with China in its northern border and India in its southern, eastern and western borders. Hinduism is practiced by around 81% of Nepalese, the highest percentage of any country, Buddhism by around 10% followed by those practicing Islam, Kiratism, Christianity and Animism.

Nepal, since the abolition of its monarchy in 2007 has not had a permanent Constitution for around nine years and has been grappling with the task of drafting one since it declared itself a Federal Republic on 28 December 2007. The task was finally achieved on 20 September 2015 when a new Constitution was signed into law after being passed by a record 85% in the 601 member Constituent Assembly. It was overwhelmingly supported by the three main political parties in Nepal i.e. Nepali Congress (NC) who in the past has not opposed India, Communist Party of Nepal –Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UMI) and Unified Communist Party of Nepal –Maoist (UCPN-M).

Two ethnic groups, the Madhesis and Tharus mostly living in the Terai District bordering the Indian states of Bihar and Uttara Pradesh are of Indian origin. They are demanding greater autonomy. They form around 30% of Nepal’s population. The Terai is the granary and a key industrial base of Nepal. The political parties of the Madhesi and Tharus carried out protest marches during the final phase of the Constitution being finalized and some of its representatives quit the Constituent Assembly a few weeks prior to 20 September.

Its passage rather than being enthusiastically greeted was simply ‘noted’ by India.

The new Constitution may not necessarily be the perfect answer to all of Nepal’s problems. Nevertheless it is an achievement for which the Nepalese need be commended and not berated. It has been achieved after a struggle lasting almost ten years and encompasses Federalism, is Republican and defines Nepal as a secular state. It also represents the political aspirations and will of the Nepalese people.

Some BJP leaders in India have interceded on behalf of the Madhesis and Tharus communities demanding Nepal should be a Hindu state rather than a secular state. The Indian Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar’s arrival in Katmandu to impress upon the Nepalese leadership of the need to amend a Constitution still in the process of being finalized, was considered an ‘intrusive act’ by Nepalese leaders.

Foreign Secretary Jaishankar’s failed mission to Katmandu was followed with a blockade by the Madhesi and Tharus communities of the border entry points in the Terai District halting all road transport from India to Nepal. It is widely believed that the blockade has the support of India.

Such blockades have a crippling effect on Nepal as all its supplies including every drop of fuel are brought from India by road transport. India shut down 20 of the 22 official border crossing points in 1989 over a trade dispute with disastrous consequences to the Nepalese economy. The effect on ordinary citizens is unimaginable. This write during regular visits to Nepal in 2006/7 experienced firsthand the impact of fuel shortages during blockades by Maoist rebels resulting in all vehicles being issued with a maximum of 5 liters of Petrol by all Service Stations. Drivers would spend ten hours a day queuing to purchase 15 liters of Petrol in a day from three different Service Stations. Two former Prime Ministers of Nepal Sher Bahadur Deuba and Madhav Kumar Nepal and a future Prime Ministerial candidate Khadga Prasad Oli have all called for the end of ‘India’s undeclared blockade’. A former Indian National Security Advisor is on record calling the blockade ‘the stupidest thing’ India could do. The situation worsened last Monday when Nepalese cable operators blocked out Indian channels. The Madhesis and Tharus communities hit back by shutting out Nepalese channels in the Terai district.

The Madhesis and Tharus politial parties have commenced seeking Indian support in resolving their problems with Kathmandu which is viewed with alarm and is not appreciated by other Nepalese communities. India, by throwing its weight behind the Madhesis and Tharus people has earned the wrath of other communities and is fast exhausting the goodwill created during the visit to Nepal by Prime Minister Modi and the lead role it played in the aftermath of the recent devastating earthquake in Nepal.

India’s involvement in drafting the new Constitution is no secret and the end result should be no surprise. India has already proposed seven amendments to the new born Constitution with the ‘advise’ for Nepal ‘to resolve its differences through dialogue in an atmosphere free from violence and intimidation to enable broad-based ownership and acceptance’, ignoring the fact that 85% of the Constituent Assembly including some representatives of the Madhesi and Tharus communities has endorsed the new Constitution.

India has a long history of meddling in the affairs of small Nepal. The 1950 Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship was subsequently replaced with two separate treaties dealing in Security and Trade. During renewal negotiations in 1988, Nepal’s refusal to accommodate India’s requirements resulted in India demanding a single trade and transit treaty. Nepal adopted a hardline position resulting in a serious crisis in Indo–Nepal relations. Nepal took up the position as per the UN charter, transit privileges were “a fundamental and a permanent right of a land-locked country” and declared India’s demand for a single treaty as unacceptable. During this period of wrangling, two temporary extensions expired in March 1989. India then imposed a virtual economic blockade of Nepal which lasted till late April 1990. As time passed, Indian economic sanctions over Nepal steadily widened. Preferential customs and transit duties on Nepalese goods entering or passing through India (whether imports or exports) were discontinued. India did not renew agreements relating to oil processing and warehouse space in Calcutta for goods destined to Nepal. Aside from these sanctions, India cancelled all trade credits it had previously extended to Nepal on a routine basis. Nepal meanwhile referred the matter to the United Nations but received hardly any support from the world body. Relations further deteriorated in 1989 when Nepal delinked its rupee from the Indian rupee previously accepted freely in Nepal. India retaliated by denying port facilities to Nepal in Calcutta preventing delivery of oil supplies from reaching Nepal. The economic consequences of the dispute for Nepal were catastrophic. Nepal’s GDP growth rate plummeted from 9.7% in 1988 to 1.5% in 1989. Shortly after the imposition of sanctions, Nepal experienced deficiencies of imported goods i.e. coal, fuel, oil, medicine and spare parts. Nepal also suffered economically from higher tariffs, the closure of border points and the tense political atmosphere. Nepal reverted from being one of the most thriving economies in Asia to the league of world’s poorest nations.

Although economic issues were a major factor in past disputes, India was also displeased with the 1988 acquisition of Chinese weapons by Nepal, hitherto an Indian monopoly. India linked security with economic relations and insisted on reviewing India–Nepal relations as a whole. Nepalese King Birendra had to back down after worsening economic conditions led to a change in Nepal’s political system, in which the king was forced to institute a parliamentary democracy, in effect a quasi-regime change. The new government sought quick restoration of amicable relations with India.

Past disputes have essentially been between the ruling Ranas of Nepal and India based chiefly on economic issues during which time the pro Indian Nepali Congress and some segments of the Nepalese society were supportive of India.

The present dispute originating from India’s support for two minority communities is not with decisions of a ruling family but with a decision by 85% of the people’s representatives including the generally pro Indian Nepali Congress and involves the ‘will of the Nepali people’. The onus of preventing further deterioration of relations lies with India, the main objective being not to drive Nepal to adopt a ‘look north’ policy. Some of the origins of Sri Lanka’s ‘look East’ policy between 2005 and 2015 lay in India’s policies towards Sri Lanka.

Signals from Delhi indicate foreign policy decisions originating from the Prime Minister’s office heavily influenced by security agencies rather than the South Block (MEA) as was the case in the past. In the current scenario with Nepal, the possibility of India reverting to its modus operandi to effect constitutional change in Sri Lanka in 1987 by way of the 13th Amendment cannot be ruled out.

There was much hubris over the invitations extended to SAARC leaders by the Indian Prime Minister in May 2014 for his swearing in ceremony. Soft power diplomacy was in play in the overtures made during Indian Prime Minister’s recent visits to SAARC countries. Friendship, goodwill and generosity of the friendly ‘big brother’ were in ample display. That said, the manner in which Indo Nepal relations evolve in the coming days would be a suitable yardstick to gauge what is in store for small South Asian nations not in sync with ‘big brother’ India’s objectives and equally importantly, its suitability for Permanent Membership in UN Security Council.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 24
    2

    two minority communities having its origins in India, similar to its involvement in Sri Lanka on behalf the Tamil community.?

    Where did the Sinhalese originate from? The heaven above? Your above statement is clearly racist that panders to the notion that the Sinhalese are the “original” inhabitants of this island. They are not, they too originated from India.

    • 16
      2

      Indeed Robert R, the Sinhalese are of Indian origin and many of recent Indian origin at that too. I suspect Rajeewa Jayaweera is descended from one such recent Indian arrival.

      Please see enlightening comments by Anpu that appeared in Colombo Telegraph this week.

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/to-set-out-in-the-direction-of-redemption/#comments

      “In the 16th century, the Portuguese and in the 18th century, the Dutch who occupied the island brought in tens of thousands of people from South India (presently Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andara) and settled them in the Southern parts of the island as menial labourers (for growing/peeling cinnamon, fishing/pearl diving, coconut planting/plucking, toddy tapping, and for many other jobs). Within a few centuries, the Sinhala population increased exponentially when these people assimilated with the local Sinhala population by adopting the Sinhala language and the Buddhist religion. Today their decedents (6th generation) are not only claiming the ancient Sri Lankan civilization as their own ‘Sinhala’ heritage but have also become the patriots and champions of Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism. It was the British who re-discovered the Mahavamsa in the early 20th century and their so called European ‘Pali Scholars’ misinterpreted it, thereby creating another myth known as Arya-Sinhala. Since the Sinhala (Elu) language (mixture of Sanskrit, Pali and Tamil/Malayalam) was more of Indo-Aryan in nature, the British declared that the Sinhalese were Aryans from North India and the Tamils were Dravidians from South India. Influenced by the colonial historiography, the Sinhalese declared that they were indigenous to the island, and that the Tamils were invaders from South India”.

      “The ancestors of around 50% of the present day Sinhalese, both low and high born, only migrated from Tamil Nadu a few centuries ago. All the former Sri Lankan presidents and prime ministers, nearly everyone beating the anti Tamil drum, are descended from these Tamil immigrants from Tamil Nadu. The Sinhalese language is around 35% to 40% Tamil in vocabulary. Its grammar syntax and lexicon is purely based on Tamil. It is not Sanskrit or Pali that gave the Sinhalese alphabet but Tamil. According to Dr. C.E. Godakmubara, the Sinhala Grammar Sidathsangarawa was based on the Tamil Grammar Virasolium in the 11th A.D. Take all the Tamil based words from the Sinhalese vocabulary , there will be no Sinhalese language. There were no Sinhalese in Lanka or in any part of the world until the Dipa Vamsa for the first time, referred to the descendants of Tamil (Hindus) who embraced Buddhism in 246 B.C. as Sihala on account of the Lion (no relevance). There is no culture called Sinhala culture. It is the Tamil culture that is projected as Sinhala culture. The 14th day of April is observed as New Year, day only by the Tamils and Sinhala people throughout the world”.

    • 2
      1

      Sihalese have originated from. Bangaladesh!

    • 4
      0

      Robert.R,

      “two minority communities having its origins in India, similar to its involvement in Sri Lanka on behalf the Tamil community.?”

      I as well was very annoyed about above statement, the author’s racist mindset is very clear at the outset.
      For Rajeewa Jeyaweera’s racist mind, The following DNA Gene Study proves three things predominantly.
      1. Native Veddha Aththo are the only Native people of this Island
      2. Sinhalese as well as Sri Lankan Tamils are descendants of Native Veddha Aththos though not directly but of with South Indian mixture
      3. Indian Tamils are of total Indian origin
      This study, in which 271 individuals, representing the Sri Lankan ethnic populations mentioned, were typed for their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) hyper variable segment 1 (HVS-1) and part of hyper variable segment 2 (HVS-2), provides implications for their settlement history on the island. From the phylogeny, principal coordinate and analysis of molecular variance results, the Veddha occupied a position separated from all other ethnic people of the island, who formed relatively close affiliations among themselves, suggesting a separate origin of the former. The haplotypes and analysis of molecular variance revealed that Veddha people’s mitochondrial sequences are more related to the Sinhalese and Sri Lankan Tamils’ than the Indian Tamils’ sequences. MtDNA haplogroup analysis revealed that several West Eurasian haplo groups as well as Indian-specific mtDNA clades were found amongst the Sri Lankan populations. Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.
      http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html

      • 3
        0

        I must also add to above comment,

        Still we have got living vedda communities of Sinhala and Tamil distributed in quite surprisingly single close proximity Vaharai to Thabahna closer distance in relation to both communities’ life style!

        Author Rajeewa Jayweera is cautioned for just unpleasant (for him) remarks that is all!

    • 2
      1

      Sinhalese didnt originate in india .Sinhalese originated in Srilanka. This is the sinhala homeland . It doesnt change just because it hurts ultra racist tribal tamil ego.

  • 17
    3

    Rajeeva Jayaweera moda Buddha…India help u to defeat Great LTTE warriors, u idiot knew that…How u r sinhala Buddhist veerayas run like a dogs in battle field. u like it or not follow indian orders…if u want united srilanka keep u r ass shut….let Tamils rule their land or u expect worse soon….

    • 2
      1

      Yeah india helped us to kill ltters by helping to raise tamil skirts under which ltters were hiding

      • 1
        0

        Sach and J.Muthu

        There you are, manifesting “ANCESTRAL LOVE” and Such knows well what their ancestor can perform as well!

      • 0
        0

        We Thamizh still can’t get over the fact that We Thamizh Mahaveers hid under the skirts of women and little girls, but still ended up getting the hiding of a lifetime from a bunch of poor rice & dhal eating Sinhalam village boys :D

  • 5
    10

    Rajeewa Jayaweera

    Hindian Delhi establishment has always believed that not only it has to intervene in the internal affairs of neighbors by social engineering but externally it has to keep all these countries in its orbit. In its desire or necessity to keep them on its foreign policy radar it continues to make course corrections.

    If you haven’t noticed how Hindia has intervened in the affairs of neighbours, bad luck. Little people of Nepal, Sri Lanka, Butan, Maldive, Bangladesh, … believe theirs is a sovereign and independent country which exercise will of the people.

    As far as Hindians are concerned Sri Lanka is the Sinhala state of Hindia, just like Kerala, Tamilnadu, Bihar, Odessa, Arunachal Pradesh, … ……..

    “There was much hubris over the invitations extended to SAARC leaders by the Indian Prime Minister in May 2014 for his swearing in ceremony.”

    In case if you haven’t noticed it, actually Modi invited heads of his vassal states for his coronation, being the new emperor of Akhand Hindu Bharat.

    All these years Pakistan has been complaining about Hindia’s covert operations in Baluchistan. Recently Pakistan accused Hindia of colluding with Pakistani Taliban.

    • 4
      9

      NV

      What India doing to neighboring small countries the majorrity of these countries can do to their own ‘political rights’ asking minorities (or vice versa!). It is a kind of mutual hostage situation. I don’t think 83 would have happened if there were a Sinhala “Wellawatta” inside Jaffna. India as well as these minorities should be made to understand that the only way for them to live in peace and economic prosperty is to share one political unit and demand equality if that equality appears to being violated. What I always tell my Sinhala friends is if the Tamils refrain from dremanding separate ethninic enclaves and the Mulims are making an effort to control their population expansion I would be in their camp fighting for their rights against any discrimination.

      NV, hope you will now begin to understand the rationale behind my unceasing attempt to make Tamils (Tamil speaking people) realise that
      “IN VIEW OF THE PRESENT DEMOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF TAMIL SPEAKING PEOPLE (IRRESPECTIVE OF THEIR RELIGION OR THE DATE OF ARRIVAL) IN THE ISLAND THERE IS NO CONCEIVABLE DEVOLUTION MODEL TO SATIFY POLITICAL ASPIRATIONS OF AT LEAST 90% OF THEM”.

      However, if the Tamils choose to live in misery (or the Tamil political class, in collusion with India, choose to keep them in misery) as long as they are satisfied giving a hard to Sinhalese, I will have failed in my attempt.

      Soma

    • 1
      8

      NV

      What India doing to neighboring small countries the majorrity of these countries can do to their own ‘political rights’ asking minorities (or vice versa!). It is a kind of mutual hostage situation. I don’t think 83 would have happened if there were a Sinhala “Wellawatta” inside Jaffna. India as well as these minorities should be made to understand that the only way for them to live in peace and economic prosperty is to share one politpical unit and demand equality if that equality appears to being violated. What I always tell my Sinhala friends is if the Tamils refrain from dremanding separate ethninic enclaves and the Mulims are making an effort to control their population expansion I would be in their camp fighting for their rights against any discrimination.

      NV, hope you will now begin to understand the rationale behind my unceasing attempt to make Tamils (Tamil speaking people) realise that
      “IN VIEW OF THE PRESENT DEMOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF TAMIL SPEAKING PEOPLE (IRRESPECTIVE OF THEIR RELIGION OR THE DATE OF ARRIVAL) IN THE ISLAND THERE IS NO CONCEIVABLE DEVOLUTION MODEL TO SATIFY POLITICAL ASPIRATIONS OF AT LEAST 90% OF THEM”.

      However, if the Tamils choose to live in misery (or the Tamil political class, in collusion with India, choose to keep them in misery) as long as they are satisfied giving a hard to Sinhalese, I will have failed in my attempt.

      Soma

  • 1
    4

    Rajeewa Jayaweera

    RE: After Sri Lanka, Will It Be Nepal’s Turn?

    “After effecting ‘course correction’ in Sri Lanka in making its leaders replace the former regime’s ‘look East’ policy with a ‘look India’ policy, news from Nepal would suggest that India has now turned its attention to the tiny Himalayan Kingdom turned Republic in intervening on behalf of two minority communities having its origins in India, similar to its involvement in Sri Lanka on behalf the Tamil community.”

    Sri Lanka 70% Sinhala “Buddhism”, and discrimination against non-Sinhala “Buddhists”. Did Buddha Teach that?

    In Nepal 84% “Hinduism”, and discrimination against non-Hindus including “Buddhists”, Muslims and Christians. Did Shiva, Brahma, Rama teach that?

    So, the clean up Job needs to be undertaken by the UN, like in Sri Lanka, the Land of Native Veddah Aethho, messed up by the Paras.

  • 2
    9

    ARe you suggesting, all this mayhem for Sri Lanka was because of HIndia and they were Behind it ?

    Hindia has a big plan to make a big security zone encircling all the smaller countries around it. Their time frame is 10 – 20 years.

  • 2
    13

    Real Nepalis who were predominantly Buddhist were first overrun by Hindus. But then Hinduism became the official religion of Nepal.. It was the first Absolute Hindu Kingdom in the world before the revolution. In Nepal, what are called “Biharis” are the plains people with allegiance to India. They are relatively backward and also deemed as dark skinned people. India used the so called “Biharis”(by the way this was a contemptuous way Nepali upper class upper Caste hindus and even Buddhists refer to them)..The massive flooding of Indian immigrants mostly illegal has upset the balance.

    So yes there will be instability there soon. Do not worry. Hindia will make sure they will do that and brother Hariharan will have katey pittu and not analyze that or ever accept responsibility for Indian intervention and pissing on sovereign nations. Nepal is obliged to India for defence and foreign policy. So when the Maoists who are no longer Hinduists took over they lost that leverage. Await invasion and destabilization aided by USA. Hindia rules.

  • 11
    3

    “After effecting ‘course correction’ in Sri Lanka in making its leaders replace the former regime’s ‘look East’ policy with a ‘look India’ policy, news from Nepal would suggest that India has now turned its attention to the tiny Himalayan Kingdom turned Republic in intervening on behalf of two minority communities having its origins in India, similar to its involvement in Sri Lanka on behalf the Tamil community.”!!!

    This stupid bugger thinks getting rid of the rogue Rajapakshas is purely an Indian exercise and Sri Lankans were mere onlookers and that India has imposed its own medicine on Sri Lanka! [Edited out]

  • 9
    0

    “After effecting ‘course correction’ in Sri Lanka in making its leaders replace the former regime’s ‘look East’ policy with a ‘look India’ policy, news from Nepal would suggest that India has now turned its attention to the tiny Himalayan Kingdom turned Republic in intervening on behalf of two minority communities having its origins in India, similar to its involvement in Sri Lanka on behalf the Tamil community.”

    And your point is, Mr Jayaweera? That Sri Lankan voters were bought over with Indian money or that India did a computer “jilmart” to unseat your great patriotic Mahinda Rajapaksa? Come on, you can’t be serious.
    By the way, Nepal is not a “tiny Himalayan Kingdom”. Its population is 27 million and is twice the size of Sri Lanka.
    Migration occurs in both directions between the countries,because there are no visa restrictions. There must be as many Nepalis in India as the other way around.
    I think it time we realised the limitations of our so-called sovereignty. Given our geography, we have no option but to act as Singapore does vis-a-vis Malaysia. If you can’t beat ’em, join ’em.
    Since more than half our population is already of recent Indian origin, why not apply to join up? We have noting to lose but our paranoia.

  • 2
    9

    Sikkim an independent kingdom was annexed (though described as a merger) by India in 1975. Bhutan with tiny population has a precarious existence. Now India is interfering within Nepal, and blocking passage of merchandise to and from Nepal. Himachal Pradesh is claimed by China and appears in their maps as part of Chinese territory.

    We are used being told that China is expansionist. The question is how expansionist is India ?

    • 6
      0

      China annexed Tibet,Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia. This is half its territory. It claims the South China Sea and the East China Sea, which are international waters. It has territorial disputes with all its neighbours.It is expansionist!

    • 7
      1

      Ramuuuuuuuuuu

      “Now India is interfering within Nepal,”

      Hindia never stopped interfering in Nepal, Bangladesh, Burma, Maldives, Sri Lanka, Fiji, …… Afghanistan, Pakistan.

      So what is the news?

      “We are used being told that China is expansionist.”

      Are you implying that China’s expansionism is justified as long as Hindia remains a expansionist power?

  • 0
    4

    Hindia never stopped interfering in Nepal.

    NEPAL has responded to HIndia in their new Constitution.

    Mahinda Rajapakse was not an intelligent person so, he did not know how to do that.

    So, he screwed it up big time.

  • 8
    1

    Ref Jayaweera’s piece on Nepal.

    It is good *The writer worked for Air Lanka / SriLankan Airlines and Qatar Airways for a period of 20 years and held several Head Office and Overseas appointments based in Colombo, Muscat, Chennai, Paris, Dhaka and Frankfurt overlooking Yemen, South India, Benelux, Scandinavia, Southern Europe, Myanmar, Nepal and Maldives has started writing “expert” analysis on South Asian relations.

    Dont you know that Indian army has tens of thousands of Nepalis serving in all ranks, a privilege extended to Nepal and Bhutan only. Indian army pensions are one of the biggest source of incomes for Neapalis. There are more Nepali migrants in India than Indians in Nepal. Actually, there was even a Gorkha land state movement for Darjeeling district which was settled politically.

    Please look up Wikipedia on Nepal’s history before you write this kind of article if it has to make sense and substance. Otherwise, its all hogwash spouting your hatreds of many kinds.

    • 1
      4

      Nepal has finally got a written constitution enacted by Parliament. India had been attempting to have it amended in order to benefit Indians who have migrated there recently. That won’t do. Let the Nepalese practice DEMOCRACY. The Nepalese government has not demanded privileges for it’s citizens in India.

      The British Army too has extended the same ‘privileges’ to the Nepalese, but on retirement to their motherland were paid a pittance as pension till very recently. A well loved British Actress became their saviour after some considerable struggle.

      • 2
        1

        Ramuuuuuuu

        “India had been attempting to have it amended in order to benefit Indians who have migrated there recently.”

        Could you cite your source.

        Could you also tell us what Hindia wants Nepali’s to amend in their constitution.

        “Nepal has finally got a written constitution enacted by Parliament. “

        This is the seventh constitution.

        “The Nepalese government has not demanded privileges for it’s citizens in India.”

        However the Nepali people want to live and work in India. They do live and work all over India, including the South. India provided large scale urgent relief to the victims of earth quack.

        Can you tell us how much pension do the Nepali veterans receive from Hindian army?

        Its okay if you don’t have the answers.

    • 1
      0

      Jim softy,

      They have accommodated Federal States for the two ethnic communities in the New constitution and You can understand R HARIHARAN’s anger, but our follow Rajeewa Jeyaweera deserved that shot from India, do not go shopping!

      • 2
        0

        Dr. S. Mahadeva Vet.

        It was reported that Nepali new constitution does not adequately address concerns of minority people Madhesis and Janjatis hence Hindia raised the issue with Nepali state.

        There could have been other issues as well such as the ones that is in direct conflict with Hindian interest, or may be Nepali constitution does not comply/compatible with Indian one.

        Lets see what Hindu says about incompatibility of Nepali constitution.

  • 1
    0

    Col R Hariharan (Rtd.)
    formerly of the Indian Army and one time Head of Intelligence of the Indian Peace Keeping Force in Northern and North Eastern Sri Lanka

    Yes, I am well aware of how as per British-Indian-Nepal Tripartite agreement signed at time of Indian independence, six Gorkha Regiments of the British Indian Army became part of the Indian Army in 1950. Besides the Indian Army, the British Army too have Gorkha soldiers. In fact the British Army maintains a liaison office in Kathmandu to handle matters related to both retired and active Gorkha soldiers. Sadly, despite being fearless fighters and the renowned Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw once stating “if a man says he is not afraid of dying, he is either lying or is a Gurkha”, no Gorkha has ever risen to the rank of General in the Indian army.

    I am also aware that Nepalese citizens are eligible to join all services of GoI including the armed forces but excluding the IAS and IPS.

    Is Colonel Hariharan implying that due to a few thousand Nepalese serving in the Indian Army, it gives India the right to propose amendments to the Nepalese constitution? In view of the Nepalese soldiers serving in the British army and those still fighting for British citizenship, would India next propose constitutional amendments to Britain as well?

    Hardly a proposition with sense or substance !

    Incidentally I am still waiting for the clarifications I sought from the good retired Colonel in my article “Charlie Hebdo massacre: Five lessons for India.
    Can Col. Hariharan please clarify?” in January 2015.

  • 1
    0

    If the Sinhalese people come to an amicable settlement with the Tamils, there will be absolutely no means by which India could intervene in the affairs of Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan Tamils have a distinct identity and they would want to preserve it for their posterity. If the Sinhalese are appreciative of this fact and help the Tamils to realise this Cause, there will be nothing to fear. As much as the Sinhalese, the Tamils too do not want to be a part of India!
    Sengodan. M

  • 1
    0

    Sengodan M

    “If the Sinhalese people come to an amicable settlement with the Tamils, there will be absolutely no means by which India could intervene in the affairs of Sri Lanka”

    The Sinhala Tamil conflict has no relevance to the issue. India simply makes use of the issue to justify its involvement. For India, it is a means to an end. India’s concerns were initially outlined in the ‘Pannikkar Doctrine’ in the 1950s of the need to secure its Southern Sea Board for its own security.

    From time to time, the Center has to make some noise to appease Tamil Nadu politicians especially during coalition governments.

    For want of another example, there is no issue with persons of Indian origin in the Maldives but India is involved. India’s concerns in the Maldives is the Chinese factor.

    Nepal will go down the same road if unnecessarily pressurized.

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 200 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically disabled after 7 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.