22 September, 2020

Blog

China: Yesterday, Today And Future

By Imtiyaz Razak –

Dr. Imtiyaz Razak

Dr. Imtiyaz Razak

A quarter century ago today, [June 4, 1989], China had experienced one of large anti-regime protests since 1978. It is commonly known as the June Fourth Incident or ’89 Democracy Movement. Students from Beijing University [where I earned my Masters degree in International Politics in 1996] and students from some universities in Beijing joined the popular demonstrations in Beijing.

There are socio-economic origin behind the rebellions, protests and mobilization. Rebellion or revolutions do not occur in the absence of social and economic problems. Studies on political mobilizations in China suggest interesting reasons behind the students-led popular movement. Chinese history is full of revolutions and rebellions since 17th century. Some rebellions succeeded and some failed. One of the successful rebellions against the regime is the Chinese communist party led revolution aiming at overthrowing the regime led by Chinese nationalists, commonly known as KMT.

Tiananmen Square Massacre

Tiananmen Square Massacre

Since the communists led by Mao Zedong capture of power in 1949, there was another rebellion against the regime. This rebellion led by Mao Zedong against the communist party.This is commonly known as cultural revolution. Though Mao mobilized and lead the rebellion, it didn’t succeed its major goals, but proved Chinese spirt of protests. The death of Mao Zedong brought what is described as capitalists roaders to power. Deng Xioping, close associate of Mao Zedng and an ardent pro-market comrade during Mao’s period, as expected, came to power.

Deng was very pragmatic and would believe in practical line of thinking that It doesn’t matter if a cat is black or white, so long as it catches mice. His reform policies turned China eventually into one of the leading economic powers in 90’s. But capitalist economic reforms have their own distinct disadvantages. Few of them are inequality, corruption and unemployment.

Deng’ s major aim was to make everybody rich, and it is no wrong to be rich. It is beautiful idea and Deng did his best to make every chinese happy. But Deng confronted very similar challenges what Mao had to face from the party. There was tension between the party and Deng Xiaoping. The latter was not happy about the implementation of reform by the former. Deng knew that masses would rise up if the reform would fail the country.

But Chinese scholars who study Deng Xioping suggest that Deng actually lost the battle with those who implemented China’s reform. As expected students rose against the party demanding the overthrow of the regime. At the time of students protests, former soviet union Mikhail S. Gorbachev arrived in Beijing on May 15, 1989 “to seal the reconciliation of the two largest Communist nations when both are struggling through profound economic and political changes.”

Students used the opportunity to build more leverages on the regime, They also had very close contacts with Washington. But the regime did not listen to students. Students’ only aim was to overthrow of the regime. But the regime was not interested in giving up power to liberal-leaning and western backed student protesters. Negotiations had failed between the state and protesters, because both parties were not ready to compromise their positions. And students begun to occupy the streets of Beijing. The regime in Beijing showed what other regimes would do when there was threat to it’s own existence. That is to say, the China’s ruling regime showed no mercy, but crushed the what is considered by outsiders as peaceful protests. “The troops were brought to the streets of Beijing with assault rifles and tanks “inflicted casualties on unarmed civilians trying to block the military’s advance towards Tiananmen Square in the heart of Beijing, which student demonstrators had occupied for seven weeks.”

Last night [June 3, 2014] I had great opportunity to talk with a person who currently works in the US in one of the leading Phramas. She was then professor attached to Beijing University. When I asked about China’s current politics and economic progress, she was very pleased with the country’s progress. Though she is not happy about the CCP rule, she correctly thinks there are no other better forces in China to take China to better condition then it was 50 years ago. Many young people in China now want to be rich and not interested in ideology-driven politics. For good, the regime is doing well in defeating poverty and providing conditions for upward mobility.

What China’s 1989 incident suggests that state regardless of its liberal or authoritarian nature would crush the popular movement if there were credible threat. As a person who lived in China around 10 years and still keep regular contacts with Chinese in China and in the US, as well as teach Chinese politics and society, all I can say is that the regime in Beijing survive for a while unless and otherwise there’s big political miracle would occur with the help from the western powers. But Beijing is aware of the west and its activities in China. And China’s major goal at this point is make more people rich, which is of course very good. China is rising and it is rising beyond our conventional understanding.

The crux of the question in life is not whether we vote or not, but whether we get good bread and butter as well as social security. Though electoral democracy has some positive aspects, when people do not have food to eat, or people suffer with empty stomach, there’s no point to celebrate any forms of system. It seems Chinese government realizes this basic logic.

Our sympathies go to those who sacrificed their lives on June 4, 1989. May Almighty Allah forgive their sins and give them paradise to all.

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Latest comments

  • 1
    1

    Imtiyaz Razak –

    “The crux of the question in life is not whether we vote or not, but whether we get good bread and butter as well as social security. Though electoral democracy has some positive aspects, when people do not have food to eat, or people suffer with empty stomach, there’s no point to celebrate any forms of system. It seems Chinese government realizes this basic logic.:

    “Our sympathies go to those who sacrificed their lives on June 4, 1989. May Almighty Allah forgive their sins and give them paradise to all.”

    Why did SLFP/LSSP coalition lose badly in 1977? Economics!
    SLFP/LSSP could not deliver. Same with French and Russian Revolutions.

    Your fist paragraph above answers it well. The second paragraph is belief, that is individual, as long as others are not bothered,

    • 2
      0

      amASSiri the altar boy, are you done with abusing SL matters…..is that the reason you have started putting your crap on chinese matters?

      • 0
        2

        ella kola alias Balu Kela Kolla. You have made your canine father very proud. However, tell your amma to keep the inputting place properly lubricated, to obviate the need for canine saliva, and to produce more normal puppies.

        • 0
          0

          This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

        • 0
          0

          This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

        • 1
          0

          Navin

          RE: ela kolla and avatars,

          I was advised to ignore incurable juveniles who were busted by Magama Hemasiri, a Monk in Habaraduwa from Hikkaduwa. His grandmother is lamenting.

          She had to give the food Dana and the grandson, ella-kolla, Dana.

          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yNSC93mPs4I

          Excellent advice.

        • 0
          0

          Dont worry, Elakolla s is connected to Rajapakshe or Mervinn silva .. and that is the reason him to behave in this way. These buggers will have to face it sooner or later. Let s hope not long

          • 2
            0

            Sven Perera

            “Dont worry, Elakolla s is connected to Rajapakshe or Mervinn silva .. and that is the reason him to behave in this way.”

            Do you mean to say that ella-kolla is part of the Mahinda Rajapaksa shill group?

            Shill? Poole-ella kolla is being treated by a Monk at habaraduwas as well, besides the Rakapaksa and their Shills?

            Interesting!

            • 0
              0

              amASSiri the altar boy, i think you have a got a nice treatment than you should have deserved…

            • 0
              0

              [Edited out]

            • 2
              0

              Remember, Once Mervin the vermin made clear to the press – that there are uncountable numbers of sons scattered inthe country – he guess he should have the way he enjoyed the women across the country – he further stressed, among today journalists, there could also be ones illegally produced by Mervin… from the reactions coming from Journlists towards him, he feels, they attack him just because he did not take the responsiblity for them… This I heard in the lanken press, if this would have been case in Europe, legal authoritis would have taken every legal step put the man behind the bars. But MR world will only promote the criminals.. awarding and and rewarding them – is no secret to anyone today.
              I believe This balu ela kolla should be ONE ANOTHER PRODUCT of Mervin. That should be the reason him to behave in this way.

              • 0
                1

                Raritymind, are you one of them?

                you should be a proud son

          • 0
            1

            sven perera, you seem to be coneected with para-tamil and para-muslims…you foolish fruit salad

            • 0
              0

              I got checked my genetics. Except few I have almost everything in common with that of you – with that of other homo sapiens. You probably have more tendencies with those of primates… that is the reason you to behave in this way. There is no therapies but through training conscience.

            • 0
              0

              As Rarityminds makes it clear, why not you try to have your blood analysed ?

              Regardless of you being para tamils or para muslims or fruit salad- what matters is whether you are human being. So you should belong to the categoy NON-HUMAN PREMATES, though appeared to be human… there are lot like you on this platform too.

              • 2
                0

                Sven Perera

                The Sinhala/buddhists are a special breed, a cross between lion (the most laziest animal of all)and human. They were so advanced they managed to genetically fuse an animal with a human. Remembering their past still they carry a lion flag symbolising their scientific achievement, roaring through out the island, hurting as many as possible including their fellow Sinhala/Buddhists with no end to their atrocities, under a majoritarion lio-man constructed state, fully clothed and nowhere to go, go round and round in circle, for they couldn’t see beyond their nose.

                All discussion here do not lead to positive changes from their entrenched position where they started, back to square one.

                We should try and try harder.

                • 0
                  0

                  [Edited out] vedda, why don’t you go back to your jungle cave then CT’s space will be saved. you are really giving hell of a competition for amASSiri the altar boy when it comes to writing crap. fruit salad sven perera is not far behind too…

                  • 1
                    0

                    ela kolla

                    “[Edited out] vedda”

                    I am not Edited out vedda but Native Vedda. Could you watch out when you type my name.

                    “why don’t you go back to your jungle cave then CT’s space will be saved.”

                    CT has plenty of space which is not your concern however they spend more time on editing you out than running the entire site. Therefore you could do them favour, just type a b c d e f g h…z so it would be much easier for them to edit an for us readers to ignore.

                    “you are really giving hell of a competition for amASSiri the altar boy when it comes to writing crap.”

                    I am not in competition, not even against you.

                    Dr Mervyn Silva suggested a cure for your problems. Try it might work.

                    • 0
                      0

                      stinky vedda,

                      you’re pathetic comment writer and a space waster,….you’re better off living in the jungle, killing a rat and pissing off

              • 0
                0

                [Edited out]

        • 0
          0

          [Edited out]

      • 0
        1

        Imtiyaz Razak is Chinese agent living and working in the US.

        • 0
          0

          Duhwood Blocker ,

          Hey man , where have you been all these times ? where is your Siamese twin ? i have noticed that your Siamese twin is only interested in war/Gota related matters , wonder why ?

          • 1
            0

            Dear Srilal,

            Where had you been my friend ? Long time no see.
            I have the feeling DB (DAVID BLOCKER) has lost his face… may be that is the reason his USER name is dissappeared.

            Btw, Share us please your thoughts about the rumours about GOTA´s new thoughts (entering to lanken politics).

            Cheers,
            S

          • 1
            0

            Please dont forget… many incl. me (specially ones being away from the island) consider your thoughts/predictions in terms of lanken KENDAHALIYA politics are far close to realities. Please write more….thanks friend. Smal.

            • 1
              0

              Dear sirimal ,

              Hello my friend how is it going ? i’m flattered when i read your comments ! I couldn’t write here as i was busy over the past few days , i will add my 2 cents worth comments in due course , thanks for your continuous moral support Sirimal.

              Take care.

              • 1
                0

                Thanks you too :)Dont worry truth will succeed one day. MOstly, I am fed up of reading articles about Sanajan´s restaurant bills and the related stories… I love reading comments coming from you, NV, Silva, Gamini and the few others. I am not any party supporter but enough is enough I can NOT see the Raja buggers looting the nation continously.

        • 1
          0

          Really – may be he is then a well match with petrol shed operators… ?

    • 1
      0

      Imtiyaz Razak –

      “Our sympathies go to those who sacrificed their lives on June 4, 1989. May Almighty Allah forgive their sins and give them paradise to all.”

      Thank you for the good article. Anyway, I have a question about who a Muslim is? This is important, because we are talking about Paradise and afterlife.

      These are the definitions, I have:

      Q1. What is the definition of Muslim according to the Holy Quran?

      http://islam.stackexchange.com/questions/2718/what-is-the-definition-of-muslim-according-to-the-holy-quran

      Only those are Believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and have never since doubted, but have striven with their belongings and their persons in the Cause of Allah: Such are the sincere ones. (Al-Hojorat:15)

      “And I am commanded to be the first (foremost) of those who bow to Allah in Islam.” (Az-Zomar:12)

      Q2. There are 5 Pillars in Islam.

      1st is Belief? All the 4 other pillars are actions by the believer

      Q3. Can one be a Muslim, in believing in the First pillar and not doing the other 4 pillars? There seems to be a lot of confusion here. The Muslims are a mix. They follow one pillar and not the others. Christina, Jews, and Buddhists do the same.

      The Ulema are kind of confused about this. Many claim that if all 5 pillars are not followed, Gods, Allah’s requirements are not fulfilled and will not go to heaven.

      Can you clarify?

      Muslim Legal Definition: This is different from the Wahhabi and Ulema Definition

      http://www.duhaime.org/LegalDictionary/M/Muslim.aspx

      http://islamquest.net/en/archive/question/fa829

      What is the definition of “Muslim” according to the Quran?

  • 0
    0

    Except for the very last sentence, ‘May Almighty Allah forgive their sins and give them paradise to all’ which has nothing to do with the protester or China, the article is good and informative one.

    • 2
      0

      I am no human

      Do you still want China to rule this island in case if Hindia decides once again to invade this island or protect from Western interference?

      Don’t you think it would be much cheaper to import some Jihadis from Afghanistan or ICI trained Talibans rather than inviting a super power from the east?

    • 1
      1

      I am no muslim

      The writer says:

      “Our sympathies go to those who sacrificed their lives on June 4, 1989. May Almighty Allah forgive their sins and give them paradise to all.”

      The writer sympathizes with those who lost their lives on behalf of others, and he makes a Prayer from God, Allah, based on this belief as a Muslim in Islam, that Allah forgive any sins committed by those who died, on behalf of those who are living and grant them paradise.

      He is making a sincere prayer for them. He feels for those who died.

      We know that Sinhala Buddhists had no such feeling for this who were murdered by the Sinhala “Buddhists” during 1958, 1983 and later, including the Sinhala Youth.

      Since you are mo Muslim, you may not understand his prayer, based on his belief.

      A Buddhist or Hindu may say, a better rebirth or Nirvana, based on their belief.

      I am no muslim, why don’t you become Muslim for a week, do the experiment. That is what Buddha, did. He Experimented. Read Buddha’s history.

  • 0
    0

    What is of concern to the world is Chinas global ambitions. At the moment it seems to be squaring of against all its neighbours and the US in the South China sea. This coupled with the action of big brother Russia in Ukraine lays the groundwork for Cold War 2.

    China seems to be now lacking in any ideology other than to become super power 1, Militarily and Economically. Apparent development and higher living standards internally must be judged against lack of human rights, rural poverty and environmental degradation.

  • 1
    0

    Quite a sensible analysis. The Chinese revolution unlike the Russian revolution of the working class was a “revolution” of the peasants led by the petite bourgeoisie with petite bourgeois aspirations. Gorbechov having publicized his views of Glasnost, the guidelines of freedom of information and Perestroika on the restructuring of political and economic system, much to the calamity of the unsuspecting Chinese youth chose to visit China. This was opportunity for the leader Deng Xiao Peng to give vent to their “counter revolutionary” petite bourgeois aspirations. Very soon the soviet union was also to see its end. We do not know what is in store for the Chinese people as a nation. Can god help them? Bensen

  • 0
    1

    miserable navin seems to lick bumps the diaspora way

    • 1
      0

      You behave as if you are part of Rajas farts. Any kind of sharp critiques are named after as if they came ONLY from tamil diasphora is the way of Rajas. What about us Sinhala diasphora.. living on the west for ages leaving the country in late 80ties ?

      • 0
        0

        sun, don’t involve gon-raja with ela kolla’s comments. Raja is not considered as a real president except for crushing tamil terrorism.

        anyway you should thank gon-raja in a way, you are in the west cleaning toilets thanks to him because you cowrds left SL crying for your lives

        • 1
          0

          Are u really sick ? What has Raja to do with late 80ty crisis in SL ? either you are hallozinated by Raja´s killings since 2005 or misguided by your puff daddyy Mervin silva or any other forces working for social scum of the nation. Here again you come with toilet clearning issue not us but Gota was the one who cleaned not only toilets but also even the asses of many until he took his passport being on the US. We go on cry for justice on our home country, regardless of any gains. Wake up man, do your best tomorrow is too late. Not Raja but all synergies defeated LTTErs millitarily in 2009, not Raja´s magical powers. However, he claimed all the credit by twisting the media – as it is the case until today, because of him and his administration you guys stay blind for ever – becoming one another North korean like population within once upon a time was beautiful country- Srilanka.

        • 1
          0

          I think we have done lot more the sake of the nation/country though being out of the country than you guys seem to cry only for your surivival promoting thugs. Our involvement gave a life for the thousands became victimzed by 2004 tsunami. The people were able to recover that with the help of IC but their ignorance or narrominded thinking have paved the way – the worst disaster which is nothing else than the danger created by voting to a thugghish bunch that would loot the nation for their own survival. Be it siblings or offsprings are the same genetics, all will surface sooner than later is my wish – not a single nation in western world would utter a single word good about the Raja today.

          • 1
            0

            sun, don’t involve ela kolla with maha raja coz ela kolla is not a MR follower…we need a strong sinhalese buddhist leader to crush minority terrorism…..

            • 0
              0

              Well said ela golla.

              From a Tamil friend. I can help you from within the Tamil community. But I want the spoils.

        • 0
          1

          I am not entamologist, but I have the feeling you seem to have been hurt being a worm of a toilet pit ( a kind of lanka) to hate toilet cleaning communities this much. As already passed before too, cleaning toilet is considered as a good job than licking the back sides of highly abusive leading figures, as you guys are upto.

          • 1
            1

            sven perera, it’s nice to hear that you represent diaspora toilet cleaning community. you must be really good at doing that.

            • 0
              1

              Did you in between have your DNA tested ? No doubt VNTR patterns are common with those of that cess pit mouth Mervin the vermin proving that you are proved to be a mervin offspring ? Not only that you could also market all abuses of Mervin kind so long you guys are close to Maharaja. Why not make effort man – leave us and you please enjoy with them – would be a great help for us – that have been fighting for justice, peace and harmony in our common habitat -SRILANKA:

              • 0
                0

                Last message was addressed to – ela kolla

                • 0
                  0

                  sven, fruit salad…get lost

              • 0
                0

                This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

Leave A Comment

Comments should not exceed 200 words. Embedding external links and writing in capital letters are discouraged. Commenting is automatically disabled after 7 days and approval may take up to 24 hours. Please read our Comments Policy for further details. Your email address will not be published.