20 March, 2019

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Electing MS By Popular Will Is The Greatest Foreign Policy Coup

By Sanka Chandima Abayawardena

Sanka Chandima Abayawarden

Sanka Chandima Abayawarden

The country seemed to be enthusiastic over the reception that President Sirisena received in Japan as media reports started to emerge. There is nothing more exciting for an International Relations person like myself than seeing Sri Lanka gain positive global spotlight. However, given the kind of strategic interests of different powers at play over Sri Lanka, it is important to provide a comprehensive yet easy to understand explanation to the public. Public situational awareness and judgment is an essential element in developing civic participation in our foreign policy exercise. My intention is to provide the public with a simplified understanding away from technical and key words.

There is no doubt that the reception that President Sirisena received in Japan is significant. It shows how much the Western powers (G8 minus Russia) value Sri Lanka in their camp. Sri Lanka as the doorway to any government with ambitions to dominate the Indian Ocean is a very attractive grapefruit. No matter who is in power in Sri Lanka (from Chandrika, Ranil, Mahinda to Sirisena), foreign governments that have strategic interests in maritime trade and naval affairs always had their say over our standing in the global structure. The public is well aware of the international power games played during the conflict with the Tamil Tigers. It is the responsibility of the government to use our geostrategic standing in a way that ensures our sovereignty through prosperity.Maithripala Japan G7 2016

Therefore it is important to understand what kind of opportunities and risks come with the spotlight that we are getting since January 2015. Sri Lanka is among a group of countries that make up the essential elements of China’s Maritime Silk Road (the single most important initiative in recent history that can shift the balance of power in favour of the Global South). This is the best shot we have to become what we were some centuries ago – the trade and knowledge hub of the Indian Ocean.

Because of its importance, the project ended up dragging the island into an ugly power game played in the region. This is why the change of presidency in January 2015 was influenced by these external powers as much as it was by the public’s will (the public interest is in the opposite end of what the external powers desire). It is a clear indication that some world and regional governments intend to make us an ally to their strategy to keep China cornered, or at least checked. There are great Western and Pacific interests to keep us neutral or part of their camp. Particularly the America-Japan-India and South Korea military alliance to counter Chinese naval and maritime trade is clearly showing signs of wanting to keep Sri Lanka within their realm of influence.

It is our national interest to make Sri Lanka the hub of the Indian Ocean. The economic strength and our foreign policy game would directly affect our future ability to grow as an independent nation. The previous government of President Rajapaksa correctly placed us as a strong partner to China’s Maritime Silk Road initiative and developed key infrastructure that can help Sri Lanka to exploit such a beneficial position. Even the public that is highly critical of the nature of his rule, the influence of his sons and certain brothers, agrees that these strategic initiatives are to the benefit of the country’s long-term vision of economic stability and growth. His government however didn’t do the minimum required to provide leadership to the foreign ministry. Typically a haven for intellectuality, flexibility and creative skills, the Sri Lankan foreign ministry was similar to a rag tag travel agency and place of experiment for unqualified appointments. As a result the foreign ministry became a haven for failure after failure. In the absence of a comprehensive action plan and lack of incentive for talented experts to do their job, the Sri Lankan foreign policy exercise totally collapsed.

Some in Sri Lanka seem to be promoting the factually incorrect view that after the January 2015 elections, the international community accepted us with much good will and all problems were now solved. Nothing can be further from the truth. After January 2015, the voters gave significant space for foreign powers to maneuver in Sri Lanka, thus allowing them to gain policy influence besides our traditional allies like China, Russia and Pakistan. The public intention was to give room to these powers in order to gain vital breathing space and avoid the immediate threat of international political interference and economic sabotage, as President Rajapakse’s government failed to deliver essential reforms as demanded. While today there is criticism on how China, one of the most important allies of Sri Lanka, is handled so far, and on the mismanagement of the current government, credit should be given to those in the new government who ensure transparency and flexibility in our foreign policy that has already resulted in some mouth sweetening results.

The biggest mistake here would be to assume that we should aim at establishing Sri Lanka as a strong partner for the Western block that sees the Maritime Silk road as a challenge to their neocolonial hegemony. Instead Sri Lanka must further its existing partnerships with the Maritime Silk Road and use China’s massive economic power in order to prepare Sri Lanka to exploit the geostrategic importance of the Indian Ocean, while at the same time showing a more non-aligned face of our foreign policy by allowing a fair maneuvering space for parties like the US, India and general west including G7 who have strategic desires and needs in the region.

President Sirisena successfully managed to regain positive recognition from the traditional world powers after a period of mistrust towards Sri Lanka. His diplomacy as a statesman will help our country to protect its sovereignty while exploiting our geostrategic location. Today we are able to move our non-aligned foreign policy into a new era. We can stop destabilization by foreign powers through providing alternatives that don’t threaten our sovereignty.

Through a very successful first 15 months in office, President Sirisena led us to this position with the same bureaucratic capacity as President Rajapaksa’s government and thereby greatly fulfilled the Middle Class expectations to change the way we implement our foreign policy. Today Sri Lanka stands before the challenge to become a stabilizing force in the Indian Ocean where all strategic interests can melt and mutually beneficial cooperation can take place. Through a flexible and rigid approach, we must strengthen our relationship with the West and Japan, while at the same time not betray cooperation with our traditional progressive partners in the Global South – especially China, Russia, Latin America and Africa. This means that we cannot become a party to any military axis or a market for anyone’s military-industrial complex.

My approximation is that all segments of UPFA are yet to properly understand and work with such a flexible foreign policy agenda. Even if they understand the type of challenge ahead of us, some clearly have other personal agendas dictating their behaviour, which has denied the president the vital strength to balance the neoliberal tendencies of the right-wing conservatives.

It is of utmost importance for our future existence that the Sri Lankan foreign policy infrastructure is rebuilt from the ground up and kept well oiled by giving it all the skills it needs to strengthen our global standing. This requires a strategy well rooted in the interests of the Global South in order to carefully manage G7’s counter-interests.

The mandate given in the last two elections is to take the country along the agenda set by the populace as they elected President Sirisena. This agenda however is not supposed to have neoliberal tendencies just as it is not supposed to take the path of former President Rajapaksa. Given that a change of the current unity government is not yet realistic, all progressive and anti-imperialistic actors must strengthen the path for the agenda they set throughout 2015. The current period of relaxed international pressure must be used for reforming the foreign ministry’s age-old system and strengthen its capacity to make sure it can further the achievements shown as well as making it effective in facing possible future droughts. This includes among other things the introduction of a system to hire the brightest in the country, restructuring, resourcing, as well as allowing greater flexibility to operate.

An important step in strengthening our armory to face our foreign policy challenge is to make Sri Lanka’s governance more transparent and “just” based on participatory democracy, leaving no room for external powers to exploit and manipulate the popular will. Participatory democracy does not mean devolution of powers to ethnicities or religions, but to individual people. Devolution must be secular as well as “just” and not strengthen religious or cultural institutionalization, hence totalitarian control. We must not make the public believe that accusations of alleged humanitarian violations are over. They are far from over, and Sri Lanka must establish a local mechanism to hold the responsible individuals accountable. This again does not mean that LTTE terrorists and those who helped them in their unprecedented carnage can get away with crime in order to satisfy external powers. In fact the spotlight and recognition that we gained in the West should be fully utilized to hold LTTE and its partners accountable just as others involved in such acts.

We must also take the opportunity to strengthen our relation with the African, Asian and Latin American nations, just as we build relations with the West. The stronger we will be in diplomacy, the more effective we can build our nation’s role as a balancing force in the Indian Ocean and provide a much needed platform for different geostrategic needs to work together. Until this happens, Sri Lanka’s long-standing dream of becoming the hub of trade and knowledge in the Indian Ocean after 600 years will not become reality. Therefore, we can clearly say congratulations to President Sirisena, but there still is a long way to go.

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Latest comments

  • 8
    1

    “After January 2015, the voters gave significant space for foreign powers to maneuver in Sri Lanka”

    But, the Tamils believe that, ‘In January 2015, the voters gave significant space for Sri Lanka to maneuver foreign powers.’

    /Electing MS By Popular Will Is The Greatest Foreign Policy Coup/

    Please ask PROF Rohan Gunarathne. He knows everything.

    • 6
      5

      You don’t need to be a rocket scientist to know what Sri Lanka’s strategic interests and position on the Indian Ocean, (recently reinvented as China’s silk route), should be:

      1. Non-Aligned between China, India and United States, and engage all competing parties.

      2. SL should call for DEMILITARIZATION of the Indian Ocean by all parties, as once suggested by Prez. Obama

      3. Sri Lanka should steer a different course – and call for investment in Human Security and investment in education, health and fighting corruption for good governance in the Indian Ocean rim countries, rather than massive spending on an arms race.

      • 6
        0

        “” (recently reinvented as China’s silk route), should be:””

        its the wet dream for poppycock. there is no Cochin there is no chain route.(its not in India’s or anybody’s interest- stupidity to develop port anytime soon (even the next 50 years) but never in china’s arms. There is Bombay and Surat.

        Anyway, Its faster, cheaper, quicker, safer, no CO2 footprints- the good old toot toot of modern times. Its moving already from China to Madrid and to be extended to south Africa beginning in the next 5 years.
        Its run by Russia, china, Germany Spain railways.
        Silk route Train- overhead of SARC is the track.- Container traffic only- faster than bullet.

        so all you pirates of the sea up yours islanders.

    • 3
      0

      Rohan, Sanka Chandima Abayawardena doesn’t need to ask Rohan Gunarathne. Sanka Chandima Abayawardena is, in fact, the other side of the same coin!

      Haven’t you noticed that in Abayawardena’s calculations the traditional allies of SL are China, Russia and Pakistan, not India. He conveniently, nay strategically, bypassed India. Give him credit. For, he is not hiding the truth.

      • 0
        4

        Hi,

        Its always good for a writer to see readers putting detailed focus on his/ work. How ever as you said, Not including India was a strategic decision which involved lots of careful thinking.

        I think we should become the balancing force in the Indian Ocean. The argument is based on a paper I developed for a top think tank in Brussels working with EU.
        You can read this in abstract at my personal blog page: Why Sri Lanka should act as a balancing force for Maritime cooperation in the Indian Ocean

        • 1
          0

          sca, You have caught the tiger by the tail!

          Which is the tiger, is for another occasion. But, for now, let me focus on your SL as a balancing force.

          Is SL a force or a farce, in the Indian Ocean?

          Let us decide that before continuing with this discussion.

      • 4
        0

        “”traditional allies of SL are China, Russia and Pakistan, not India. “”

        That is the curse that the tamils got into –
        bit the hand that fed them- India.
        their attitude towards india is in the same attitude they love lanka-
        i want to divide you, i don’t like your language, i don’t like your caste.

        So he obviously has not mentioned. As we all know US$1.5 billion was swapped by India to help Sinhala Lanka government on 15/1/2016.
        The other 3 he can take for granted as all weather.

        But the island is in subic bay positioning and ranil is on the revolution- he looks for hegels black book to serenade with the Yankee.

  • 3
    2

    Who ever the writer is – it was the need of the hour.

    People at least 40% of the uncivlized dominated folks were voiceless. Never supported they to Rajaakshe or the like thugs, but so called democracies allowed them to shape up their grounds. TOday, all is clear that the former had only dealt with thugs, criminals, high criminals, rapists, socially isolated fractions, to surivive their family politics. Even today, the harm permanently cemented by Rajaapkshe make LOCAL journalists fears to express themselves even if the media freedom is becoming no different to that of Europe if I may say so.

  • 0
    3

    Japan has been taking the side of srilanka from that day on.

    It was the result of good external affairs being made and maintained by Bandaranayakes. In Europe, supergau disaster of Japan was not discussed since Japanse were against that no matter millions of their men will have to face with raidation affected blood cancers of the like incurable diseases in the years to come.

    • 1
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      You uninformed fool. The good relations with Japan was a direct result of the stand taken by then Ceylon during the Treaty of San Frasisco immediately following world war 2. It was a progressive decision taken by the Senanayake led UNP government and delivered by non other than our very first minister of finance the late J.R. Jayawardena. Sri Lankans refusal to accept repperation money as well as its insistence that a free Japan be welcomed back to the post war world has forever kept Japan in appreciation of those efforts. It had nothing to do with the nationalist and socialistic “Sinhala only” way of life propagated by the SWRD. We all know that even he was not truly in favor of his nation changing decision but had no other option in order to come to power. Get your history correct man. I was born in 79 but I have realized that in order to win the present and future a unbiased analysis of the past and history is required.

      • 5
        0

        “” It was a progressive decision taken by the Senanayake led UNP government and “

        what a fancy fool? subjects of the British Raj, subjects for 500 years of European rule.
        Just imagine subject monkey being given hand grenade by Harry Truman?

        Ceylon was just another vote as in the UN of today.Neither was the proposal proposed or seconded by Lanka. Thailand played a big part supporting Japan against British Raj Burma etc because unlike Ceylon, Thailand has never been conquered by any foreign power.
        The silent fascist Japanese bombed colombo harbor and vicinity- St Lucia church dome was bombed.
        Your freedom fighters Senanayaka, JR, Banda, NM Colvin were hiding under the saree of Tamil Nadu. Not a shot fired.

        The Germans bombed the Oil tankers of Madras Presidency and 1st mounted police Madras. Ceylon was ruled from Madras Presidency British Raj. Like Jayalalitha is Brahman Karnataka but not Tamil.

        Try to work your economy than send your women to Medieval Middle East as slaves /maids on call.(India and Pakistan its banned -don’t send)

        “”Sri Lankans refusal to accept repperation money as well as its insistence that a free Japan be welcomed back to the post war world has forever kept Japan in appreciation of those efforts.”””

        That is American diplomacy to order. If japan given opportunity they would invade like they bombed Russia or China.

        America, Germany ,Japan Ambba yaloovo.- today!!

        During WW2- Russia and China begged for American money to fight Germany Japan. American public obliged Stalin,Mao.

        Whom does the begging bowl trust?? IMF owned by USA to become subic bay.

  • 13
    8

    Under Sirisena, Sri Lanka has became the first state to accept bogus charges against her very own military leveled by these so called “international community” as of the ltte rump’s agenda. So our man became a darling of them in no time. One does not need to have rocket science knowledge to understand this simple truth.

  • 1
    12

    Sanka Chandima Abayawarden,

    RE: Electing MS By Popular Will Is The Greatest Foreign Policy Coup

    “The country seemed to be enthusiastic over the reception that President Sirisena received in Japan as media reports started to emerge. There is nothing more exciting for an International Relations person like myself than seeing Sri Lanka gain positive global spotlight. However, given the kind of strategic interests of different powers at play over Sri Lanka, it is important to provide a comprehensive yet easy to understand explanation to the public. Public situational awareness and judgment is an essential element in developing civic participation in our foreign policy exercise. My intention is to provide the public with a simplified understanding away from technical and key words.”

    Thanks for the write up.

    Yes. Internationally, they wanted to make sure that the people are behind the elected President.

    This being able to meet the G-& leaders, is a tremendous achievement my the President Maitipala Srisena. All the people should congratulate him on this achievement, and the people behind him.

    Sanka Chandima, you have a harder time to explain to all the people, as many do not have the capacity to understand this achievement. It shoulkd be emphasized that in International Relations, personal relationships go a long way. You also need to communicate to the media, including social media, as well.

    How many Sri Lankan president and prime Ministers have been invited to the G-& meetings before? None. Emphasize that as well.

  • 2
    1

    You all should not forget who are the shadow heroes behind this show. Do not forget the saying “Perahere yana ali and Kotan adina ali” I feel “Perahere yana ali” has completely forgot who were “kotan edda ali”.Really it is not a good sign.

    • 6
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      its natural way of life..power over work.
      everyone likes power and no work but how to is the issue.

  • 1
    2

    You wrote.. “There is no doubt that the reception that President Sirisena received in Japan is significant.”… DO you know another 5 Asian leaders and one African leader were invited to G7 as guests? Just do Google search like “G7 2016 Sri Lanka” and then replace Sri Lanka with Vietnam or Indonesia and see yourself how significant SL in G7 summit compared to other guests countries before preaching to public…
    About maritime importance in Asia.. Read about the World War II, How many times Ceylon was bombed? Why Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia like countries were bombed more severely than Ceylon and even ground forces were launched on those countries? Why not Ceylon? Which countries in Asia were more important in WWII? Now in current economic World War, how important SL compared to Vietnam or Bangladesh??

    • 2
      8

      Central command in WW was in Ceylon

      • 1
        5

        I want to add to what you said. Not just the HQ but also the entire allied navel fleet was based in Sri lanka. The Imperial fleet was at the edge of their supply lines and therefore could not attack Sri Lanka like they did in Burma. There India campaign failed and the carrier battle groups were sucked off the coast of Sri Lanka.
        To bluntly say Sri Lanka is not important in this power play is a blunt show of either ignorance or lack of knowledge.

        And As the writer I didnt had to google to know who else came. I myself self has been to previews G8 summits and know how it works. How ever the importance was clearly shown in the article. All the countries that were invited were either part of the Chinese strategic maritime needs and was clearly design as a countering china tactic.

        • 1
          1

          Sanka,
          There are positive aspect of thinking “we are great, our country is great and very important one to the whole world…”. However, if we do NOT understand “What we are today? Where we are today and our real strengths and weaknesses “, how do we plan our path to achieve what we want to be in year 2020 and ahead? My intention was not to let down the country, but one must read and analyse the past and present without too strong attachment and love, if we do, then what you see & hear would be aberrated.
          You believe “Not just the HQ but also the entire allied navel fleet was based in Sri lanka”…
          Here is what happened…
          “After the fall of Singapore the Royal Navy’s East Indies Station was moved to Colombo and then to Trincomalee. Admiral Sir Geoffrey Layton was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Ceylon with Air Vice Marshal John D’Albiac Air Officer Commanding and Admiral Sir Sir James Somerville appointed commander of the British Eastern Fleet.”
          Please note “East Indies Station”, and also find out the year Singapore fell into Japanese….

      • 6
        2

        “”Central command in WW was in Ceylon””

        The British subjects Sinhalese were in the Pits. The other Sinhalese terrorist known as freedom fighters were hiding under a woman’s skirt at Madras.

        The Central Command was at 1st Mounted Police of English East India Company – Madras Presidency.

        In charge of Colombo Harbour was Anglo Saxon Engineering Corps British Army.

  • 2
    1

    I think you are referring to the Chinese One Belt, One Road concept/project here. My speciality is International Trade and Transport (Maritime) – I don’t know much about International Relations or Diplomacy. In the last couple of decades or so, China has become an economic superpower by simply being the largest manufacturer to the world. She became the largest exporter of manufactured goods and recorded an exponential trade surplus. In my opinion, the life cycle of this strategy is now coming to an end due to various reasons. Hence, they needed a new strategy; and One Belt, One Road was emerged. More than helping other countries, this is for their survival (and to retain the power position). This project could bring certain benefits to us, please don’t get me wrong, but we should not cling on to this. Better we have good ties with all on a non-aligned basis.

    • 0
      5

      The line of argument I have based my analysis is on a earlier document I developed for a think tank in Brussels, EU capital who work with EU system. It argued to see Sri Lanka as a balancing force in the Indian Ocean. Leaving MSK initiative or not exploiting the full potential of the initiative by Sri Lanka for the sake of satisfying regional or global desires would be an crime towards our population.

      The document is published on my personal blog page in brief. There it says the following. http://srilankafp.blogspot.be/2015/11/why-sri-lanka-should-act-as-balancing.html

      The current Sri Lankan strategic direction in the Indian Ocean is largely shaped by the previous governments “five-hub” growth strategy, which aims to position and build the island as a global naval, aviation, commercial, energy and knowledge center. Foreign Direct Investment was a driving factor in this growth strategy and was largely fulfilled by deep pockets of China[3]. Therefore, Sri Lanka poses to gain immensely from the improved future cooperation in the Indian Ocean.

      India’s defensive and offensive strategic needs and desires along with the aspirations of Japanese and US governments to manage Chinese outreach have largely driven maritime relations in the Indian Ocean. In this context Japanese Naval forces are making port calls in Colombo, Sri Lanka[4] that are of a significant importance just as Chinese Nuclear submarines’ port calls back in 2014. India, just as US naval forces and the WW-II allied naval fleet before them, considers Trincomalee[5] as key to the naval control of the greater Indian Ocean[6]. Sri Lanka has been trying to develop Trincomalee as an industrial base that can facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean.

      7. China’s more ambitious goal is to have countries (in the Indian Ocean) coordinate their policies to ensure that each individual country’s economic development plan feeds into a larger regional vision. That includes free trade areas, both bilaterally and regionally, as well as broad financial integration. On the financial front, Beijing wants expanded bilateral currency swap deals. Funding for the Belt and Road projects will be carried out through the new Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), China’s own Silk Road Fund, and eventually through a hoped-for financing mechanism administered by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization[7]. Hambantota is built as a joint venture by the Chinese and Sri Lankan governments and is an important part of the Chinese strategy. By the time of completion of all 3 construction phases, the port will be the largest in South Asia, encompassing over 4,000 acres and with the ability to simultaneously berth 33 vessels. Together with Hambantota’s 2717 acres industrial zone, it will be the most capable port to serve the growing maritime trade in the Indian Ocean.

  • 7
    2

    Mr Abayawardena

    Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary in his opening remarks during the press briefing prior to the summit stated “we will invite the heads of state and government of mainly ASEAN member states, Asian island countries, countries with infrastructure demand, and countries dependent on sea lanes.” He further stated, “Presidency (Japan) attaches particular importance to, from a global perspective, including quality infrastructure investment, health, and women.”

    In that context, the absence of Nepal, devastated in the April 2015 earthquake and in dire need of ‘quality infrastructure investment’ is most compelling. It perhaps has to do with the lack of a sea port in landlocked Nepal and hence not being dependent on sea lanes. On the other hand, besides President Sirisena, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina of of Bangladesh too was invited.
    These two leaders represent countries with two vital sea ports in Hambantota and Chittagong, developed with massive Chinese investments and also vital for China’s Maritime Silk Road initiative.

    Foreign policy of a country, big or small, must compliment its domestic policies and act as a catalyst in achieving its objectives. In that context, Sri Lanka has four major issues;

    1. Foreign aid and investments
    2. EU ban on SL Fisheries exports
    3. Suspension of GSP
    4. Poaching by Indian Fishermen in SL waters

    Combined Aid /FDI to SL from G-7 countries is is insignificant to that of China. What is given in abundance is free advise on governance. The lifting of fisheries ban though announced by local Ministers is yet to see light of day. Restoration of GSP is not in the cards. Let alone resolving poaching issue, India is not agreeable to even discuss the issue.

    The success or failure of the foreign policy of this administration need be judged from how successfully these issues are resolved in SL’s favor and not by opportunities to shake hands with foreign leaders and invitations to attend gatherings with questionable objectives.

    Sri Lanka cannot afford to get involved in groupings and forums which are in collusion course with China’s security concerns. Their concerns need be viewed in the same context as America’s objections to Soviet missiles in Cuba in 1962 and India’s objections to Sri Lanka’s dalliance with America in the 1980s.

    • 0
      6

      Thank you very much for taking the effort to make such a interesting comment. It clearly helps the public discussion I intended to trigger on the topic. Please visit my blog post titled Why Sri Lanka should act as a balancing force for Maritime cooperation in the Indian Ocean

      It is a abstract of a document I develop for a EU think tank last year and the terminology of Sri Lanka as a balancing force was first discussed there. This article is technically based on some of the pointed discussed in that document.

    • 2
      1

      What can I say- except, What for the telling!!!

      They are taking Sirisena up the garden path until they get what they want and the moment they suspect he is not delivering they will drop him like a hot potato!Shudder the thought RW becoming president for a few years of Sirisena term.
      And Sanka, What foreign policy are we talking about here when our FM co-sponsers the whole charge sheet against us.
      Enslavement seems to be the only policy.

  • 0
    3

    “Sri Lanka cannot afford to get involved in groupings and forums which are in collusion course with China’s security concerns. Their concerns need be viewed in the same context as America’s objections to Soviet missiles in Cuba in 1962 and India’s objections to Sri Lanka’s dalliance with America in the 1980s.”

    Precisely.

    Thanks RJ for putting it so succinctly.

    Soma

  • 5
    3

    Unreal
    Are you referring to ‘Parippu Dropping’ traditional ally India ???

  • 2
    1

    The Western Powers are good at creating a mess for everyone which even they cannot fix. Be part of the mess. The cannot win, they can lose and make everyone lose with them. Their intelligence is Central it has not been devolved to the masses.

  • 1
    4

    Electing MS By Popular Will Is The Greatest Foreign Policy Coup OR Was it the Greatest Foreign Policy CURSE ???????????

    There is no doubt that the reception that President Sirisena received in Japan is significant…. It would have been more significant if the President was gifted with a pair of Horns as well made out of Ebony.

    Western powers want Sri Lanka in their camp for their own self centered hidden agenda which will do no good for Sri lanka

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