29 September, 2020

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Now Who Is Weerawansa ?

Father Of “Jathika Chinthanaya” Endorsed “Devolution”: Now Who Is Weerawansa ?

By Kusal Perera

Kusal Perera

The LLRC Final Report, despite the reluctance of the Tamil Diaspora in accepting and pressurising for its full implementation, has now become the basis of negotiations and resolutions at the UNHRC sessions. This March too, the Rajapaksa regime would have to fight a diplomatic battle to avert another “Resolution” the US administration has given notice on. What has not received any attention, but is also extremely important is the other “committee” that was established by President Rajapaksa, way before the LLRC was established. The All Party Representative Committee (APRC) established by President Rajapaksa in July 2006 and sat through 128 sessions till April 2009, came up with a Final Report with the consent of the “Father of Modern Sinhala Jathika Chinthanaya”, Prof Nalin de Silva, a miracle in this island nation. That broad consensus the APRC Final Report has, which also includes the official public face of the Jathika Hela Urumaya (JHU) Gammanpila in it, can not now be reversed by Sinhala “podiyens” like Weerawansa shouting hoarse against devolution and the 13th Amendment.

For the benefit of those who think the JVP withdrew from the APRC proceedings after announcing a principle stand against “devolution” in December 2006, during the era Weerawansa was its parliamentary group leader, let us remind ourselves that it was not the case. They withdrew on an extremely flimsy issue, that had no politics. They withdrew saying the “Experts Panel” appointed by the President to assist the APRC had no mandate to make “recommendations” for the resolution of the “national question”. They perhaps don’t understand the term, “recommendations” and therefore did not know the APRC was not mandated or bound to accept what the “Experts Panel” (divided or not) provided as expert inputs. The JVP decision to withdraw from it was thus, “kid’s mischief”.

Yet for all including President Rajapaksa, who want a permanent answer to the still controversial issue of national reconciliation with a sustainable “home grown” system of devolution, there is a large common canvas of picturing things alike, between the APRC Final Report and the LLRC Final Report. Both these high powered commissions being Presidential initiatives for the same purpose; resettlement, rehabilitation and reconciliation with lessons learnt for the future in avoiding another human tragedy, as spelt out by the LLRC Final Report and the APRC Final Report providing a very stable, “home grown” answer to all those issues in practical, democratic terms, as requested by President Rajapaksa.

With its focus on the present Rajapaksa regime and stating what has to be said in national interest, the LLRC Final Report has very clearly said, “….. lessons learnt from the shortcomings in the functioning of the Provincial Councils system be taken into account in devising an appropriate system of devolution that addresses the needs of the people.” [9.233.d]

It goes further to say, “All parties should recognize that the real issue of sharing power and participating in government is the empowerment of the people and making the political leaders accountable to the people. This applies to Sri Lanka as a whole and includes the needs of citizens of all communities, Sinhala, Tamil, Muslim and others.” [9.233]

The long term remedy thus is (i) power sharing that empowers people, (ii) makes governments accountable and (iii) addresses the needs of all communities, Sinhala, Tamil, Muslim and others.

While the Action Plan worked out by the government to implement the recommendations listed in the LLRC Final Report pays no attention to this aspect of finding a total solution to the ethnic conflict, President Rajapaksa has conveniently shelved the APRC Final Report for the past 03 years and 08 months, with neither those who sat through the whole process except MP Yogarajan and SLMC politician Kariapper demanding the report be made public, nor the Opposition political parties showing any interest in it.

As for President Rajapaksa, despite all the intelligent and practical talk in two of his major interventions (LLRC and APRC) in learning lessons and finding answers to the “national question”, he is voted in to power to take care of the Sinhala business community, which he does quite well and with finesse. The Sinhala Opposition in the South, the UNP and the JVP have both compromised with the war against “Tamil Separatism” and have been struggling to do ‘one better’ than the Rajapaksa regime in projecting themselves as Sinhala politicians. They therefore would not ask for a “Final Report” that argues for a new Constitution which organises political power in a devolved form. As for the TNA, they would not want to be seen as a campaigner for a solution they were not party to and one that would not propose a “Federal State”.

The APRC Final Report nevertheless has a detailed draft for a Constitution that has a very clear definition of what it calls a “Unitary” State. It says, Sri Lanka will be a Republic and “unitary” would mean to be an undivided and integrated State structure, where power shall be shared between the Centre and the Provinces. That according to the APRC Final Report, can be summarised as one that has,

  1. a bicameral parliament
  2. a stronger provincial system with devolved power
  3. two elected community councils for Tamils of Indian origin and for Muslims outside North and East
  4. the upper house, the “Senate” to include provincial representation
  5. a Constitutional Court independent of the judiciary to safeguard the Constitution from omissions and commissions committed against the Constitution by either the parliament or the PCs.

What is extremely important is, what the LLRC Final Report says about a “Second Chamber” in the Legislature, justifying the consensus reached on it by the APRC, over two and a half years before the LLRC Final Report was handed over to the President. The LLRC Final Report says;

“An additional mechanism that may be considered is the possibility of establishing a Second Chamber comprising Representatives from the Provinces. Such a mechanism is likely to generate a sense of confidence among the political leadership and among the people in the Provinces, that they too have a vital role to play in the legislative decision making process, inter alia, by examining legislative measures that may have a bearing on issues of particular relevance to the Provinces.” [9.232]

With that, what is politically most important with the APRC Final Report is that it has the consensus of the most extreme Sinhala groups and political parties, for devolution of power as an answer to the “national question” and also in answering how development and democracy could be made effective for the rural polity. Sinhala extremism has been continuously opposing any form of “devolution” as one that only the Tamil people wanted. For the Sinhala people, they felt satisfied with the power at the “Centre” as their power, until the Sinhala political parties who opposed the CFA, opposed negotiations for a peaceful settlement of the conflict accepted devolution of power as the answer, at the APRC.

Through hard and rigorous deliberations over a period from July 2006, continuously till May 2009, different political groups and parties that held diametrically opposing positions and interpretations on the national question, on devolution and on the “State”, have agreed perhaps for the first time, on a single “report” without dissent. This may not be what this regime and President Rajapaksa expected out of the APRC when it was constituted during the escalation of the war. Neither the South, nor the North would have expected a consensual approach and agreement on the most controversial of all issue; the national question turned into a protracted war.

Today, having shelved the APRC Final Report, the Rajapaksa regime is bent on pushing its militarised approach in settling post war issues in the North – East as the only available solution. It is trying to convince the Sinhala South, that there is no other option, no alternative to what it does and that has to be allowed without any new obstructions and opposition. Heavily funded projects planned and decided by the Centre and imposed on the people in the provinces are being projected as “the” development of Sri Lanka, seeping in corruption without any semblance of transparency and accountability, and at the expense of future generations, with the APRC Final Report kept out of public domain.

It is not just the issue of this regime’s militarised approach in the North – East that could be challenged by presenting the APRC Final Report as an alternative, but also its corrupt and unaccountable governing style, that could be challenged with provincial planning and development through devolution.

While there can be debates on how a “unitary” State could be an undivided and integrated State structure that allows two governing tiers to share power, without the Centre encroaching on the powers devolved to the provinces, there is also a valid argument in saying, it is possible if adequate checks and balances are built into the Constitution in advance and by demarcating areas of power, that would not be allowed to trespass upon, given Constitutional guarantee. Therefore, this APRC Final Report is unique in terms of efforts so far made in finding a broad consensus between those who wish to enjoy devolved power and those who wish to have a Sinhala “Unitary” State.

As precisely and aptly said in the LLRC Final Report and quoted before from its Final Report [9.233], no political party would say, they don’t accept “empowerment of the people” and that they would not be “accountable to the people.” Therefore it is important to raise the endorsement given by the Sinhala political parties like the JHU and the MEP to the APRC Final Report, along with EPDP, the WPF (now DPF), CWC, the SLMC and the “Left” political parties, all accept the DPF still working as partners in this government. This broad consensus on “devolution of powers” endorsed by people like Nalin de Silva representing not only the MEP but the very ideology of anti Western “Sinhala supremacy” with the right of the provincial people in holding the political leaders accountable to them in a stronger democratic system of governance, should be made a political debate and discourse in society, especially in the Sinhala constituency.

It is therefore never too late in calling this regime and the President to officially table the APRC Final Report in parliament. It is never too late in finding a sustainable answer with the broadest possible political consensus to the national conflict that is still without social dialogue in the South and a political solution discussed in public. The APRC Final Report is so far the closest the South have got to, on devolution and power sharing and it is the South that decides politics. That thus becomes the most valid reason to have it tabled in parliament, for public discourse.

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Latest comments

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    Yes, the APRC report in Sinhala , Tamil and English should be tabled in parliament and presented to the public. The money and time expended, should at least justify its availability to the public. I have my doubts that this government or any other future government will implement the APRC recommendations. A government that unabashedly is bent upon dismantling constitutional and civilised principles that underline modern governance, cannot be expected to enshrine the APRC recommendation through an even stronger constitution. The Devil.cannot be expected to even play the role of God! Let the APRC report be a public document to prove that we were at least capable of thinking of what is right, notwithstanding the howls and braying of the small minded, loud mouths like Wimal Weerawanse.

    Dr. Rajasingham Narendran

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      Tissa Vithrana the geriatric dead leftist was the head of the APRC and has dropped it like a hot brick because Rajapassa will have none of it. Weerawansa is merely Rajapassa’s mouth piece, saying things that Rajapassa means and wants but will not say for fear of losing CHOGM, tourism, investment etc after pissing off India and the west..

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    As the saying goes, “If there is a will there is a way”. The problem is that there is no will on the part of MR government to settle the Tamil problem any time sooner.

    Apart from the APRC report, there is the devolution package presented by Chandrika Kumaratunga which was scuttled by the UNP with the tacit support of TNA which was then under the military boot of Prabaharan. At the time when the package was presented Sampanthan and his TNA were afraid of LTTE and failed to back this reasonable devolution package which Chandrika promised to sell to the Sinhalese. TNA has to share the blame for the present plight of SL Tamils.

    TNA is now lamenting that MR has failed to honour his promise. They are chasing shadows with their trips to South Africa, Canada, USA, Switzerland and other western capitals at all expenses paid by the Tamil diaspora or the respective governments. Instead,without waiting for UNHRC and other foreign agencies or countries to pressurize MR, TNA should make an open announcement that they are prepared to talk to him again without pre-conditions or ask him to convene the Select Committee as he promised but with strict deadlines. They cannot be heard to harp on the failure by MR to respond to their previous demands or the abrogation of the earlier talks. What is there to lose? If MR fails to respond the blame will be on him.

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    I believe that rather than devolving power on the basis of community identity or religion, a more inclusive, fair and equitable basis should be devised, especially given that presently there is a rapid degeneration of harmony between the “Sinhala Buddhist” and “Muslim Islamic” communities in Sri Lankan society with various nefarious interests moving behind the public face of it…

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    For the part who is Weerawansa- definition has to be a shit bucket not just any shit but shit after eating Durang! If you devolve power and give everyone an equal chance this stupid uneducated village thug/ thief will have no place

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    KP: I like your honesty.
    The west had 2 great wars where they drew the world too so that they can become one big Europe. Now it’s the EU with different cultures and languages and all official apart from the single currency where typically the British have sabotaged by being the thorn. Sri Lankas major export market is the EU so follow them “have civil wars for the next 30 years” and come out clean because Lankans like them prefer to display animal instincts than negotiation in a civilized atmosphere. Don’t forget Lanka never fought for independence like the great Indians but got it for free because Lanka was ruled via East India Company and UK was blitzed, battered, broke and needed American money to rehabilitate that they became the American poodle which they are even today as close to 45% of their exports go to the US and around 50% to the EU. Now that UK is in a financial mess it and its people are talking once again joining the Commonwealth as head of its former colonies and making merry- if the former colonies give in then you are not worth your salt.
    The richest man in the UK is an Indian who does not conduct any business within UK. The revitalising of the dead steel and auto industry is by Indian/Iranian TATA. It’s just the smart Chinese who gave a kick up the British backside by purchasing MG wholesale dismantling the whole factory and shipping it to China. Good of them because they still remember the Opium wars and the annexing of Hong Kong. US/UK forces increased the cultivation of the poppy to 100% therefore the pharmaceutical product plus mainly drug has halved in price in the UK/US. The Chinese have gone in where even the Indians have failed and invested heavily in Afghan resources and also changed the poppy to “saffron” the most expensive spice in the world used mainly by the east. This gesture has made the Russians happy too because that poppy load was meant for Russia which angered Putin.

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    It is a great tragedy that a consensual document such as the APRC report has been thrown aside. It would have been a good foundation for the political and ethnic reconcilliation of the nation. Even the JVP could have been brought aboard with some minor changes. Instead the president swept it under the carpet as it did not meet his personal wishes.

    Througout the world the two house solution is being practiced successfully as we did prior to the republican constitution of 1972. The need for wisdom coupled with action is met by such a two tier system which strengthens the democratic process. The second house filters and moderates any hasty action by the lower house.

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    Mr Kusul Perera ‘s resolution to devolve power to Sambandan in the East, Premachandran in the North, plus two cameral parliament , special chambers for Mano Ganeshan and Colombo muslims all sound well and good.

    Although there is no mention of non Indian Tamils in other parts including Colombo.

    But there is no specifics about what the benefits are all in this for the great majority of the population who are the rural poor and who happen to be Sinhala Buddhists.

    Beside it is this Sinhala Buddhist rural population that has to approve this Kusul Resolution , even if he can get the tick from Rajapaksa by putting him under the pump in Geneva by Kusuls & Co’s powerful friends.

    Building infrastructure, providing jobs for dads and mums to put food on the table , helping the rural poor youth earn a quid and have even a basic a Mobile phone , are not of any interest to Kusuls .

    In Western countries where these Kusuls draw their strength from, elections are fought on reducing or increasing budget deficits ,increasing employment, providing decent jobs, increasing pensions , providing better health services , better pensions etc.

    Wouldn’t the same matter more than asking our rural poor to vote for Bicamarels and Special Chambers before giving them a chance to get ahead a little after three decades of destruction and mayhem bestowed on them by the same people who are now going to benefit from this Kusul devolution?.

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      I coculd not have put it better myself! Well done more people need to say this type of truth.

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        I agree fuly with this, the people living in these areas need the basic necessities FIRST such a home to live in food on the table, education of their children, jobs etc etc so the government is trying to do this before anything else, hence the development work going on in those areas slowly but surely.
        If a devolution package of any sort is introduced now when people don’t have their basic needs met they can be easily led into another civil war by people with ulterior motives.

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          Politics is also a science. But sad thing, while medicine has only few quacks creeping into practice, in politics every quack creeps in with a lousy comment. They think they can prescribe their “goda beheth” for serious issues. Days when “Antipa” was forced on children as worm treatment is gone. So don’t keep prescribing “Antipa” for all our post conflict issues that are now more complicated even before.
          Amaranth

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    All these committees and commissions to resolve the ethnic issue were exercises in timewasting in order to avoid a solution. As long as there is no solution there will continue to be protests. That suits the Sinhala political classes. They get elected by whipping up Sinhala Buddhist racism against the minorities. The tamils have been subdued and now anti-muslim racism is being whipped up with the same intention of holding onto power at these difficult economic times when anti government feeling among the population is likely to grow.

    The country is cursed and the curse is the Sinhala Buddhist racist politicians. A mass cull of these vermin is what is needed today to cleanse the country of eternal damnation.

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    So long as this sort of “whipping up” on communal basis (Sinhala,Tamil,Muslim and now the newest, Up Country Tamil & Tamils of Indian Origin) continues by the so called “Leaders” of all these communities, this country will never ever achieve the much desired “Reconciliation and Peace. Added to this contingent of
    Racist Leaders is the so called “Moderates”, “Think Tank Professionlas” quite evidently funded by outside “Powers”. In my view, this is an “uninvited curse” of Democracy.

    All of the above groups talk of “Divisions”,”Devolutions”,”Identities”
    “Uniqueness” “Homelands” etc. but not the most important and urgent need of “UNITED TO BE ONE NATION CALLED SRI LANKAN”. All these “self appointed” leaders and advocates have ignored (perhaps for their own benefit and transcending on ego identities) the NEED to PREPARE FOR THE SACRED JOURNEY of creating ONE NATION. They have forgotten that the greatest challenge of life is to make a decision to be FREE of old beliefs and limitations of the past and achieve Higher Awareness.

    This is a curse on our country.

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    Listen Kusal Perera, there certainly will not be any more ‘political solutions’. There is already a provincial council system in place to resolve this issue since 1987.

    Besides Sri Lanka cannot afford to give over 28% of its land area and over 66% of its coastline to less that 12% of northern tamils at the expense of over 88% of the rest of the population. The coastline and the EEZ is critical for the existence and security of any island nation. Sri Lanka cannot afford to handover over 66% of its coastline and EEZ to less than 12% of its population and not gravely compromise its existence. Sri Lankans are stupid but we are not unbelievably stupid. It cannot happen under any circumstances, not under any circumstances.

    Will India hand over 28% of its land and over 66% of its conastline to less than 12% of its population at the expense of over 88%? I think not. India is stupid but not that stupid.

    Will the northern sri lanka tamils if they were the majority, hand over 28% of the land area and over 66% of its coastline to less than 12% sinhalese if the boot was in the other foot? I think not. They will laugh at us. It would be a joke.

    So there will not be any more ‘political solutions’. There is already a provincial council system in place to resolve this issue since 1987.

    About eelam or separate state why not grant a separate state in Canada, after all Canada is a very large country. I think it is the best solution. The population of Canada is only 35 million (Sri Lanka 21 million) but it is a huge country, huge.

    What about Australia perhaps population only 22 million (same as Sri Lanka) but a huge country. Surely eelam could be granted here.

    How about Norway (population 5 million) but a huge country. Or how about Sweden (population only 9.5 million) but a huge country.

    I think Kusal Perera should demand that eelam be given in Canada, Australia, Norway or Sweden since these are huge countries with very little people. I think this is the best solution.

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      Pretty much a “monkey”
      Should Kusal Perera reply these monkey jabbering ?
      My advice, Kusal Perera should not waste time on these racial insanity.
      Hope he would take my advice.
      Amaranath

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      monkey

      “Besides Sri Lanka cannot afford to give over 28% of its land area and over 66% of its coastline to less that 12% of northern tamils at the expense of over 88% of the rest of the population. “

      I am sorry, you are not giving anything yours to the stupid Tamils. The entire island is historically ours.

      Please give it back to my people and catch the next Kallathony back to Sinhapura in Venga or Tamilnadu in India.

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    there is no point ,you are talking that reports.this reports.we save many report from 1956 and many agreement from the day it was independence from British.it is better send all such reports to garbage collection section of Colombo municipal council.most of fail political leaders from left as well as when main parties waiting to get power they made many blueish prommisses to minority people based on religion, ethics and many more finally we have thousands of political are doing nothing but real burning to public since we have to maintain theses donkeys at the cost to public.some ministry have 3 to 5 ministers.we need more ministers to clean only for Colombo toilers if not no other job to do by them.first of all we have to remove this dictatorship president system and make law in order before any changers to Constitution if not better we declare this is as kingdom just without wasting money for election and appointing many more donkeys to positions.

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    Mr.douglas,you’r vision absolutely correct & really appreciate you.

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    “..It is therefore never too late in calling this regime and the President to officially table the APRC Final Report in parliament. It is never too late in finding a sustainable answer with the broadest possible political consensus to the national conflict that is still without social dialogue in the South and a political solution discussed in public. The APRC Final Report is so far the closest the South have got to, on devolution and power sharing and it is the South that decides politics. That thus becomes the most valid reason to have it tabled in parliament, for public discourse…”

    Kusal,

    Good and honest intentions! But yet wasting your energy! These Rajapaksha fools would not do anything, anything, that any other decent, sane and healthy country in the world would do! That is why Chandrika said, “Rajapakshas are uncultured, uneducated bastards!” This regime of clowns is now an incongruous concoct of madness-one buffalo is braying about economic assassins, another saying we don’t need WB assistance because our treasury is now full of wealth! The Deface Secretary is occupied with “Bodu Balu Senava” to attack the Christians and Muslims, another lunatic who deals in atoms is these days dealing in Halaal while a prostitute like woman is in charge of country’s power generation! And yet again, the king of clowns is going to visit every Ministry he has created and appointed a fool to run to supervise and guide its missions! You see the drama here-the king reshuffles the cabinet, entrust duties to his “golayos” and then he goes to Ministries to do their duty!!!! Kusal, we appreciate your honest and sane intentions, but have to say sorry and keep you waiting until after regime change!

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    [Edited out]

    majority should not give all our things to them
    After all they were brought here by british They should find some other place for them like they did in Newzealand.

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      Yes, the Sinhalese are the majority. They also came here and were brought here. They are also like the Tamils, who are a minority. Even the Veddaas migrated here. Please do not play this card anymore. We have had enough and more of this nonsense.

      Dr. Rajasingham Narendran

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    Is Federal system working well in Europe?Thisw as an adhoc arrangments for newly emerged nations states to please ethnic minorities hooked in to their new adminstrative systmes. Federalism was held together with the military power of NATO and WARSAW blocks. With the end of cold war many countries opted to be part of the bigger Europe.

    In Sri Lanka we will have to find a better solution than federalism. Do not forget Sri Lanka has its own civilisation and various ethnic groups have lived peacefully. Even after defeating Elara King Dutugemunu never wanted to do an ethnic cleansening on the South Indian mercenary forces of Elara. They were allowed to live in the barren land of the North.
    It is high time that Sri Lankan revive the current devolutionary model now in place except in Northern Province. Representative democracy was a process following the industrial revolution. But look at our historical participatory demoracy models which suits more in an era where Information and Communication Technology can provide many other options as an alternatives to wasteful parallel adminstraions for an island such as Sri Lanka

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    Yes majority from PANDUKHABHAYA time . All yakka Naga etc and AArya became one nation –SINHALA. They built the country. Rescued the country from South Indians Pottugese dutch and British
    Only sinhalese faught against British in 1818 and 1848 They were SINHALE VIMUKTHI SATAN No tamil or Muslim helped for this. Insted Muslims joined British and helped British to suppress sinhalese

    tamils were brought here by british As labourers AARYA CHAKRAWARTIS are not Tamils NO TAMIL will take a name as AARYA

    Tamils were given Thesawalamai by british as a” gift” for their obediance to british and were used against Sinhalese

    Tamils are trying to get from lanka what they were denied from india
    if u are homeless tell British to take u somewhere and settle They are responsible
    Otherwise stay as a minoritybecause u are a minority Admit it

    Why dont u declare war against India and ask them your birthrights
    They should have taken u back after 1947after all u all were working as slave labourers to british.
    Fight with them

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      Dharmasiri seneviratne

      Very good.

      A very good exposition of Sinhala/Buddhism.

      I am happy you are Sinhala/Buddhist, the chosen race.

      Keep it up puththa.

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      Oh me God! Another fossil, trying to read history from Right to Left.
      AS

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        Amaranth

        If that is how Dharmasiri Seneviratne wants to read this island’s history please let him. If that makes him happy let him have the history as he would like to.

        Frustrated men/women (mostly men) rewrite history for personal reasons and not out of great love for truth. Rambo films rewrote the history of defeat in Vietnam. Sinhala/Buddhists suffer from inferiority complex which destroys the island. Tamils suffered from superiority complex which destroyed the Tamils.

        Both people are very good at destroying themselves. If you can’t stop them please feel free to join them. You should strive to fit in with these lot.

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      Why did you leave out the Tamils, the main component that became the pickle you call ‘ Sinhala ‘?

      There were Tamils in Sri Lanka before the Portuguese and Dutch came. They also arrived here in Kallathonies until the mis-1950’s. Many were also imported to ‘ do a good days honest work’ by the colonial rulers. Many of these imports and Kallathonis are ‘ Arya Sinhalese’ now.

      Incidentally the word ‘ Arya’ has nothing to do with north India or the Aryans. All Kings in India sought legitimacy from a perceived descent from the Sun – believed to be God. The Western royalty also derived legitimacy from the God they believed in.

      Thesavalamai are customary laws that were codified during Dutch rule and applied. To this day are the Kandyan and Muslim customary laws are recognised in SrI Lanka.

      Please stop denying your origins and in the process become deluded. When extreme this can become a madness. I thought such madness was cured completely after the events of the past 65 years. It is of concern that madness such as your’s yet has the audacity to be expressed in a forum such as CT.

      Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

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    /who are the people faught against british in 1818 and 1848 for liberation? WHO SUPPORTED BRITISH/

    WITH WHOME PORTUGESE SIGNED THE AGGREEMENT TO HAVE A PIECE OF LAND?

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      Whom did the Tamils in Jaffna send food to when the Kandyan Kingdom was under siege by the British ?

      Whom did the Portuguese describe as a people who cannot be starved into submission, when a blockade around the sea and land failed In Jaffna?

      Who was the King who fought the Portuguese repeatedly and murdered them brutally, in defence of the Jaffna Kingdom?

      Who became Don Juan Dharmapals and Doña Catherina,on being converted to Cathoilicism?

      Who betrayed the Kandyan Kingdom to the British?

      Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

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        Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

        According to some researchers Vanniars sent food and soldiers to defend Kandyan kingdom only to be betrayed by a section of the power hungry Sinhala elites.

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    Dharmasiri seneviratne

    My people fought the last war against the British between 1818 and 1819.

    British won the war because of Sinhala treachery.

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