2 April, 2023


Geneva, Rajapaksa Regime & Myanmar Shadows

By Ameer Ali

Dr. Ameer Ali

When the demon goes out, within the angel’s light will come in 

The darkness of night is the close companion of dictators. ~ (Hafez, Divan) (Quoted in Kim Ghattas, Black Wave, London, 2020, p.31)

Within a period of just over one year the Rajapaksa regime, headed by two septuagenarian siblings with different professional traits – one, a military man, and the other, a crass politician, but both beholden to a Sinhala Buddhist supremacist ideology that is shredding Sri Lankan society into pieces, has driven the country into a cauldron of crises, from public health and economy to ecology and human rights and to cultural confrontations and social tensions. Of the two, it was the elder and patriarch of the clan, Mahinda Rajapaksa (MR) who, with understandable reluctance nominated the junior, Nandasena Gotabaya Rajapaksa (NGR) as candidate for the presidency in 2019 and made him win the contest, without realizing the danger that sooner or later NGR would sideline Prime Minister MR and take control of the entire government.  MR’s recent statement that he likes to work and serve the people without publicity is a tacit admission of this bitter truth by a man who loved pomp and pageant when he was the president.     

Of all the crises the regime is facing today, it is human rights that is going to be the dominant item for discussion when Sri Lankan delegates go to Geneva in March. (Whether the regime is prepared to send a delegation is yet to be decided). The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Veronica Michelle Bachelet with her report, “Open Wounds and Mounting Dangers: Accountability for Grave Abuses in Sri Lanka”, has made it a certainty that that the matter would be included in the agenda. Will the war of words in this august assembly leave the regime unscathed or bury it in an avalanche of condemnation and reprisals depends on who its friends in Geneva are going to be and what secret deals would be made with them. 

To start with, it was the gross neglect of the regime itself not to act on the findings of its own locally appointed Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) of 2020, that made UNHCR to reopen the wounds and add an international dimension to the urgency of demanding accountability to crimes and abuses committed, with recommendations for selective punitive measures by the international community. 

It would be a tragedy to dismiss this report as another instance of unwarranted interference in the domestic affairs of a sovereign country, and accuse UNHCR as the handmaiden of Western powers. Rajapaksa regime’s inability to comprehend the very seriousness of the report’s allegations and thinking that its friends in Geneva would support the government by rejecting those allegations would cost the nation dearly in years if not months to come, and will also negatively impact on the rest of the crises facing the nation. The regime has hopelessly misunderstood how the world system works. There are certain crimes that are so grave they endanger universal human values, and if local jurisdictions fail to investigate them and mete out justice, then, they could be investigated and judged by international courts of justice. Local regimes defending their actions or inactions in terms of national sovereignty are pointless.        

The Sri Lankan regime is on a disgraceful campaign through characters like Mohan Pieris, a former Chief Justice and NGR’s UN envoy in New York, to tarnish the image of UNHCR and its chief as engaging in an “exercise” of regime change and speaking on behalf of “vanquished terrorists”. Thank God, the UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres was quick to rebut Pieris’ bizarre allegations. Bachelet’s career credentials and her commitment to champion the cause of human rights are impeccable and she is not the puppet of any Western power. Being a Chilean by birth and having witnessed the tortured death of her own father by the dictatorial Pinochet regime, she campaigned for justice to her people and captured the country’s presidency twice under the socialist banner. She is holding her present UN position since 2018 and her views are universally respected.  

She is calling for “accountability and reconciliation”, two fundamental requirements to promote peace and allow to justice to prevail, which in turn are prerequisites for economic growth and development. The report is also warning about the dangers of a growing environment in which democratic norms are rapidly eroding and the country is steadily moving towards a militaristic rule, imitating Myanmar with formal modifications. NGR’s appointment of the latest Special Presidential Commission of Inquiry to investigate whether those implicated by his previous Political Victimization Commission be stripped of their civic rights is clearly a measure to neutralize any potential and existing opposition and clear the path towards Myanmar.   

Unlike Myanmar where the military walked in to take over government immediately after an election, Sri Lankan military is already in action under the command of an elected president, and it would be a coup in substance if not in form when the current urban discontent against the regime were to turn national as economic difficulties mount. 

The latest volte-face on allowing Indian-Japanese participation to develop the East Container Terminal is symptomatic of the crisis the regime is facing. It has given in to the demands of local Trade Unions and hardline Buddhist supremacists who, perhaps with a Chinese push, are dead against India’s participation. As a compromise, the cabinet has approved allowing India and Japan to develop the West Container Terminal. Will that be a solution acceptable to the protestors and will India quietly swallow its pride and go along with it, are still unclear. Besides, how can one party unilaterally abrogate a deal which involved two others? The government is caught between the hammer and anvil. Similarly, international pressure to give up forced cremation of Muslim Covid-dead, and local hard liners’ intransigence in not yielding to that pressure will also seriously test the regime’s mettle in Geneva.  

Above all is the sickness of an economy melting under the heat of Corona. The diagnosis of this sickness has been done by several experts and needs no repetition here. However, without structural changes to a truncated capitalist neoliberal model there is no permanent cure for the sickness. Patch work remedies will only worsen the crisis. Structural changes are not possible without the united support of the people and that unity has been shattered by NGR’s supremacist regime. It appears that the regime has been pushed into a corner, and there is no alternative but to proceed with its militarization strategy and opt for a modified Myanmar model. The shadows of Myanmar coup is falling in Sri Lanka under a kinglike president who pretends to do no wrong. Will Geneva put a halt to this and save Sri Lanka from turning into a military dictatorship?

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Latest comments

  • 6

    If SL follows Myanmar it is a step forward for the island.

    Hopefully SL will follow its fellow Buddhist nation.

    • 4

      “Hopefully SL will follow its fellow Buddhist nation.”
      Don’t be daft.

      • 0

        ” Don’t be daft. “

        Please don’t show your daftness. His is not a daft person.

  • 12

    I have a question for Sinhala Buddhists, Sinhala politicians and Monks. It is all right to deny the East Colombo harbour to India and Japan as a policy matter. Similarly, it is all right to withdraw from UNHRC resolutions. If the country can do this why can’t Sri Lanka come out of the 99 years leasing agreement between China and UNP now?

    • 1

      Don’t ask dumb questions.

  • 8

    Will Geneva put a halt to this and save Sri Lanka from turning into a military dictatorship?

    Yes. It depends on number of factors. A few;
    1. How India is going to respond to the new resolution?
    2. How many UNHRC member countries Srilanka is going to buy (bribe)?
    3. How Buddhist Sinhala extremists respond? Another genocide of Tamils and Muslims as in the past?

  • 5

    “Unlike Myanmar where the military walked in to take over government immediately after an election, Sri Lankan military is already in action under the command of an elected president,”
    This extract below from
    tells us that the Military was always there and the ‘coup’ is a mere reassertion of its power.
    A state ‘born as a military occupation’
    The military has been the most powerful institution in Myanmar…since the country’s independence from Britain in 1948.
    General Aung San, the architect of Myanmar’s independence and the father of detained State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi, founded the Burma National Army with help from Japan in the early 1940s. General Aung San was assassinated in 1947, but his legacy lived on in the military, and the Tatmadaw [Armed Forces] continued to enjoy strong public support in the years to come as the institution that liberated the nation from colonial oppression.
    The military enjoyed unchecked control over the country’s political scene from the very beginning. As renowned Burmese historian Thant Myint-U observes in his recent book, The Hidden History of Burma: Race, Capitalism, and the Crisis of Democracy in the 21st Century, “The modern state of Burma was born as a military occupation.”

  • 3

    The Government of Gatabaya Nandasena Rajapakse is the very latest provider of “EVIDENCE” to strengthen the hands of UNHRC Chairperson Veronica Michelle Bachelet in calling for International Intervention in dealing with Sri Lanka. The “Presidential Commission Report” on “Political Victimization of Public Servants, Police and Armed Services” provide ample “PROOF” of “Incapacity”, “Incmpentancy”, “Irresponsibility” and “Utter Negligence” in comprehending the Terms of Reference, Misunderstanding the Task in hand and making a “Mockery” of its own “Role”. Does the UNHRC need any more “Evidence” than this “2000 page” report to “Advise” the Member Countries not to rely anymore on this Sri Lanka Government of GR to fulfill the aspirations of Democracy, Justice, Rule of Law and Fair Play? Enough “TIME” and “OPPORTUNITY” have been given for the Government of Sri Lanka to “CORRECT” the course. The International Community must NOW proceed with concrete steps to “DISCIPLINE” the “REGIME” of GR as otherwise another “FORM” of Myanmar Military type would be established in this island nation in the Indian Ocean.

  • 1

    “Will Geneva put a halt to this and save Sri Lanka from turning into a military dictatorship?”

    If Sinhala Buddhist Supremacists want a military dictatorship they will have it. Geneva cannot put a halt to that.

    Myanmar with many ethnic groups remain as one country because of military rule. Those who want to balkanize Myanmar do not like military rule. Myanmar should learn a lesson from Sri Lanka that allowed minorities who came from Hindustan and settled down in Sinhale to play hell and ruin the country using freedom given under democracy.

    • 0

      Where did the JVP lads come from?

    • 1

      Fairy tales repeated by EE ( an ultra racist born to destroy sinhala nation). We are tired of reading them on this valuable platform.
      We should finally respect the facts. Not just sinhalayas (our race) but there had been tamils in SRILANKA for that day on. Your comfort to waste our time should find its stop. Your comments could only irritate us. EE, you the kind of srilankens should be treated with karmic retribution now or later.

  • 0

    Democracy interrupted by Gotabhaya Rajapaksa.

  • 0

    So what we had before GR was democracy was it?

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