21 October, 2020

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Jaffna Low-Castes Stoned Arumuka Navalar – Godfather Of Vellahlaism

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

After enduring the indignities and humiliations of oppression and persecution of the Vellahla supremacists, the “Minority Tamils” – a euphemism for the untouchables — launched their first organised revolt in 1968 at Maviddipuram Temple. Earlier attempts during British rule to resist the oppression of the Vellahla fascists were quashed ruthlessly by Vellahla thugs. The isolated incidents in various corners of Jaffna merely provoked the Vellahla oppressors to hit back with severe punishments, including burning and killing of the low-castes. The annual reports of the British administration for the province of Jaffna have recorded the numerous incidents of Vellahla violence crushing the low-castes. These were unorganised, sporadic attempts of the low-castes to breakthrough Vellahla fascism. The push to enter Maviddipuram Temple, backed essentially by the Peking-wing of the Communist Party, was the very first organised movement of the untouchables to challenge the Vellahla supremacy.

It was in the sixties that the Vellahla elite (i.e., the English-educated Saivite Jaffna Vellahla (ESJVs)) faced the full wrath of the untouchables / dalits. The organised revolt of the low-castes at Maviddipuram was an affront to their power and prestige. It was a serious challenge to the Vellahla supremacists. And they were not going to take it lying down. The revolt of the low-castes was also a severe blow to their carefully crafted campaign to denigrate the Sinhala-Buddhists as the oppressors of the Tamils. Any exposure of the Vellahlas as the brutal persecutors and executors of their own people would undermine their main propaganda thrust to demonise the Sinhala-Buddhist majority – a theme which they played to the hilt to gain political mileage by claiming to be victims of “the Sinhala government”.

Arumuka Navalar

Arumuka Navalar

The immediate reaction of the Vellahlas to the Maviddipuram revolt was to fall back on their demi-god, Arumuka Navalar, (1822 – 1879). The Vellahlas owe their higher status in the caste hierarchy to Navalar. It was he who single-handedly reformulated the Hindu Saivite ideology to elevate the Vellahla Sudras (the lowest in classical caste system of India) to the highest rank in Jaffna. So when the low-castes launched their organised revolt the Vellahlas responded by organising a public expression of their faith in Navalar, the Godfather of Vellahla casteism. They decided to revive Navalarism by carrying his image in a procession. In June 1969, one year after Maviddipuram revolt, the Vellahla elite launched a march from Udipiddy to Jaffna, carrying the statue of Arumuka Navalar in a procession. It was meant to be a Saivite religious procession but it had all the undertones of Vellahla politics making a desperate bid to reassert its supremacy over the low-castes. It was a move partly to reinforce and reinvigorate the threatened political base among the Vellahlas and partly to deliver the clear message to the untouchable that Vellahlaism was alive and kicking.

Navalar’s statue was to be unveiled at Nallur on June 30 at 7.30 p.m. Only about 500 selected invitees were expected to attend the ceremony. But everything was not going the Vellahla way. The streets of Jaffna were tense. Red-shirted Tamil youth were distributing anti-Navalar pamphlets. Hand-bills condemning Arumuka Navalar Sabhai were also distributed.

N. Shanmugathasan, the Peking-wing head of the Communist Party, was behind the anti-Navalar movement.

Posters had appeared on the walls of Jaffna. One screaming poster demanded : BLOW UP THE STATUE OF NAVALAR FOR HE IS A CASTE REVIVALIST!” Another cried : “NAVALAR WAS A CASTE DIE-HARD. WHY ERECT STATUES FOR SUCH A REACTIONARY?”

The statue had journeyed from Udipiddy through Chavakachcheri to Jaffna. In some places the statue was stoned. V. Navaratnam, the firebrand of the Federal Party, was heading the procession carrying the image of Navalar. As tensions mounted “the Sinhala Government” had to rush reinforcements to keep the peace and restore the Vellahla status quo. (See The Times of Ceylon – June 28, 1969).

Maviddipural and the anti-Navalar protests shook the very foundations of Saivite Jaffna Vellahla casteism. These events were the external manifestations of the subterranean forces that were suppressed by brutal force for centuries. The full fury of the oppressed low-castes was threatening to tear Jaffna apart in the 60s. The Vellahlas were reacting defensively. They could no longer rely on the feudal brutal force to retain their grip on Jaffna.

The Vellahlas had maintained their supremacy in Jaffna during feudal and colonial times by suppressing with force all moves of the low-castes to assert their right to live as human beings. Summarising the violent politics of Vellahla fascism Prof. Bryan Pfaffenberger wrote: “An artifact of a colonial plantation economy, the caste system of Jaffna could be maintained only by force – and force has indeed been used … These (caste) restrictions had the force of law under Dutch and the early British regimes and even into the 1960s. In Jaffna in the 1940s and 1950s, for instance, Minority Tamils (i.e. oppressed castes) were forbidden to enter or live near temples; to draw water from the wells of high caste families, to enter laundries, barber shops, cafes, or taxis to keep women in seclusion and protect them by enacting domestic rituals; (forbidden) to wear shoes; to sit on bus seats; to register their names properly so that social benefits could be obtained; to attend schools ; to cover the upper part of the body; to wear gold ear-rings; if male, to cut their hair, to use umbrellas; to own bicycles or cars; to cremate the dead; or to convert to Christianity or Buddhism.

“To enforce these restrictions extra legally Vellahlas have fielded gangs of thugs to punish upwardly mobile Pallars and Nalavars. These gangs pollute untouchable wells with dead dogs, fecal matter, or garbage, burn down untouchable fences or houses; physically assault and beat Minority Tamils, and sometimes kill them. Preceding the Maviddapuram crisis there had been several altercations in which Minority Tamils died.” (The Journal of Asia Studies, 49, No. 1 (February 1990)).

No ruling elite in any community in Sri Lanka had oppressed and ill-treated their own people like the way the Tamil Vellahla caste of Jaffna persecuted, and even killed, the low-castes, if they dared to violate their “purity” and supremacy. They subjected the low-castes to abject humiliation from womb to the tomb. Prof. Pfaffenberger was documenting the existential conditions under which the low-castes were forced to live. Jane Russell too in her pioneering book, Communal Politics under the Donoughmore Constitution, 1931 – 1947, (Tisara Press, 1982), revealed in graphic detail the iron fist of Vellahla domination and oppression. It was not like the fizz of the violence of the Sinhala lunatic fringe that explodes today and subsides tomorrow. It was a systemic way of life that humiliated and exploited the oppressed Tamils, mark you, with the blessings of Hindu Saivite religion, for centuries. Vellahla fascism turned Jaffna into a gulag for the low-castes from which there was escape only in the grave.

The Jaffna Tamils detest talking about this shameful and dark chapter of their history because it pricks their inflated ego filled with illusions of being highly moral Gandhians living exclusively on the purity of the greatest culture on earth. Besides, exposing the dark underbelly of evil Jaffna would undermine their claim of being victims of “discrimination” by “the Sinhala governments”. The inhuman treatment of Tamils by Tamils makes a mockery of their allegations of “discrimination” by the so-called “Sinhala governments.” Fearing condemnation by the civilised world and the consequent loss of political mileage they have moved heaven and earth to hide the dark side of their history, first, by posing as moral purists superior to all other communities and, second, by diverting attention away from their hidden cruelties to issues of “discrimination” by the “other”, namely their bete noir “the Sinhala governments”. So it is not surprising for the Jaffna Tamils to react aggressively whenever they are exposed as criminals who had persecuted, oppressed a sizeable segment of their own people as subhuman insects fit only to be crushed under Vellahla feet.

Of course, practically all histories of all communities have their own black spots, but the record of the Vellahla Tamils of Jaffna goes beyond the horrors of segregation in the Bible Belt of American south, the apartheid in S. Africa, and even the barbaric Boko Harams who abducted their own children. Ironically, it is this leadership that cried loudly to the world that “the Sinhala governments” had “discriminated” against them since 1948 – the year of Independence. It is the systemic cruelty of Tamils persecuting and killing Tamils that the Tamils love to sweep under their mats. The victimisers of the low-caste Tamils love to bask in the glory of being treated as victims of “the Sinhala governments”.

The Tamil Churchmen, who preached human dignity and rights, had no qualms about going along with this oppressive casteist order. Christian morality was politicised to sanitise the image of the Tamils by focusing on infirmities of “the Sinhala governments”. Tamil Churchmen religiously brushed aside the Biblical command to first look at the beam in their eyes before criticising the mote in the eyes of others.

It is the systemic horrors of Tamils persecuting Tamils that make Maviddipuram and the anti-Navalar protest significant events. These events demonstrated to the Vellahlas that the fascist casteism on which they survived and thrived had passed its use by date. The Vellahlas were also beginning to feel the heat of the internal divisive forces rising from the ranks of the low-castes. They were no longer in a position to use fascist violence to enforce casteism of the old feudal regime. In the sixties the Vellahlas were in the doldrums. They were struggling to hang on to their rank and status in the societal hierarchy knowing that the old way of life was over.

Caste was to the Vellahlas what petrol was to a car. It was essential to the Vellahlas because any attempt to dismantle the casteist hierarchy would take away the power and privileges of the Vellahlas. At the same time, it was becoming increasingly clear to them that the answer to the rising low-caste forces was not to go back to Arumuka Navalar. The religious cover Navalar provided to elevate the Vellahlas to the peak of the caste hierarchy was no longer tenable or viable in 20th century. The Vellahlas were desperately in need of an alternative to Navalarism. A new rationale with a new ideology was needed for the Vellahlas to retain their grip on Jaffna – their primary political base, a.k.a, “the heartland of the Tamils”. Maviddipuram and anti-Navalar events were pushing the Vellahlas to modernity which they were forced to accept most reluctantly.

Jaffna was poised delicately between two worlds – one dying and the other struggling to be born. The Jaffna Vellahla leadership was silent and reluctant to take any meaningful or active steps to liberate the non-Vellahlas, fearing a backlash from the Vellahla voters. But at the same time it was aware of the enemies at the gates threatening to tear down the decadent ramparts of its ancien regime. Apart from the Peking-wing of the Communist Party the Buddhist monks and Buddhist activists too rushed to Jaffna to present an alternative to the Vellahla supremacists. They were hoping to do an Ambedkar who converted the untouchables in India to Buddhism on a mass scale. Ambedkar used anti-Hindu caste Buddhism to liberate the oppressed dalits from the tyranny of the Brahmins. His movement gained universal recognition and approval.

But neither the Buddhism nor Marxism succeeded in providing a viable alternative to Vellahlaism. During the better part of its history Jaffna had lived only by two “isms” : casteism and racism. Those who lived by casteism and racism were also doomed to face the bitter consequences of these two self-destructive and dehumanising forces. Unlike the open society in the south Jaffna had shut the door to any liberal “ism”. As a closed society, tightly controlled by Saivite Vellahlaism, only casteism and racism remained as interchangeable dynamics dominating every aspect of Jaffna political culture. Both were inextricable strands that intertwined interminably to shape and determine the politics of Jaffna.

Casteism, in particular, was a dogmatic and ineluctable belief system which they had internalised as a way of life. The Hindu Organ, the ideological guardian and the leading mouthpiece of Jaffna society in the British period, expressed the essence of this dogma when it wrote : “The caste system which constitutes the hall mark of Hindu society is indispensable to us Hindus if we are to exist as a corporate body. Comparing the merits of the East and West, Meredith Townsend in his admirable book Asia and Europe says: “I firmly believe caste to be a marvellous discovery, a form of socialism which through the ages has protected Hindu society from anarchy and from the worst evils of industrial competitive life. It is an automatic poor law to begin with and the strongest for a known trade union! If ever our critics judge matters relating to our institutions, they do it from a superficial knowledge of men and matters, or are blinded by their shallow enthusiasm for advertising religious propaganda.” (The Hindu Organ – July 18, 1918). The indispensability of caste was felt so deeply that Ponnambalam Ramanathan, the shining star of Tamil politics, went on a special mission to London to impress on the British colonial masters the need to legalise it.

Vellahla casteism and racism were inseparable twins that were feeding on each other. The symbiotic relationship between these two forces overdetermined the political culture of Jaffna. One was the handmaiden of the other. Nothing significant took place in Jaffna outside the interplay of these two forces. The streak of rabid racism that ran through its history was documented first in the Yalpala Vaipa Malai, the seminal history written at the request of the Dutch colonial masters. It records ethnic cleansing of the Muslims and the Sinhalese by the Tamils. Tamil racism surfaced, alongside casteism, in various forms during the colonial and the post-colonial periods. The Hindu Organ (April 4, 1918), for instance, ran a letter, attacking “Marakayarism”. The correspondent was protesting against the introduction of the Muslim sarong which he said was an insult to the native verti. The correspondent wrote : “The latest, by no means the last, proof to our self-imposed suicidal policy of denationalisation, is the introduction of “Marakayarism” in the domains of our dress. Can anything be more disconcerting to the nationalist than seeing a born Tamil in the Mohammedan Sarong? ……”

The distortions of crude Tamil racism has not abated even in contemporary times. It comes from the highest sources. The best example is the form of a former supreme court judge drafting and passing resolutions in the NPC damning the entire Sinhala leadership, from D. S. Senanayake downwards, as “genocidal” leaders! In going down this Alzheimer’s path, Chief Minister, C. V. Wigneswaran, has conveniently forgotten the history of Tamil leaders, from Sankili to Prabhakaran – two Tamil political twins who stand on the only known peaks of Tamil history consisting mainly of the bloodied bones of Tamils massacred by Tamils. After claiming a history longer than that of any other settler in Sri Lanka to whom else can Wigneswaran look up to as inspiring icons of the Tamil past? By all available accounts, he has so far claimed only Prabhakaran — the Tamil Pol Pot who has killed more Tamils than all the others put together. Tamils massacring Tamils, or wiping out the entire Tamil leadership, or dragging a generation of young girls and boys to fight in a futile war, or using fellow-Tamils as a human shield to protect the backs of their doomed leaders fleeing from the battlefield, are, tragically, the high points of the Tamil political culture.

This is the legacy left for the Tamil Churchmen, NGO pundits and the Tamil diaspora to celebrate. The pain and suffering inflicted by the Tamils on fellow-Tamils throughout their history convict the Tamil leadership as irredeemable criminals who shed tears (crocodile ones at that!) for the Tamil dead, hoping that tears would bring more political gain than what has been derived so far from “corpse politics”. Tamil-dominated NGOs like the ICES or the CPA will commemorate “1983” annually, saying “Never again”! That is commendable. But when — O, when! — will these Tamil-dominated NGOs give equal emphasis to Kathankudy and Arantalawa to remember the innocent victims of mindless Tamil violence?

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Latest comments

  • 13
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    What is wrong with that, when upper class Singhalese were killing Tamils, burning their houses etc; in the 1950’s onwards, in the so called ‘riots’???

    • 4
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      Very innocent Tamils. They moved to Tamilnadu.

      • 0
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        And the sinhale has killed more sinhale than anyone else, particularly by the sinhale state …..

    • 12
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      This man Pala would never learn it.

      Further to bring the kind of articles can only widen the gap between tamils and sinhalese. What is the motive of the kind of ones is not even understandble to any right thinking ones that seek only peace – long standing peace among all folks

      Even if the guy seems not to be teenager – his thoughts seem not taking not the right and health directions. These men having being another kind of asyslum seekers in Ausiland- dont have any kind of acceptance in those soils, so only hobby remains them seem to be writing inappropriate aritcles that can only create new forms of hatreds.

      • 4
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        better cant be explained.

        These men of the nature are even worst than wild weeds that destroy entire crop cultivations. I hate Monsanto s Gyphosat, we in germany protested against the biozid even today.

        So, we also need to protest against all that create rather new forms of conflicts – than working wholeheartedy to bring all folks together. What do we expect from this life – I really dont know the kind of Modapalas brain cells are upto – if they remain some healthy. Instead of being exemplary to the future generations, to stay entwined to their hatreds – and lowlevel propensities- is a curse to entire nation actually.

      • 8
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        Here the mad man goes again. CT should ban this mad man. He needs treatment.

      • 0
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        The day day when these bugger et al change their punnakku brand, the day we the nation will see it right to go for permanent peace. These men are born racists and the numbers within the nation are much higher than I ever gguessed at before. So long these men behave creating new waves of differences rather than let alone today making every efforts to see we are all srilankens, and homo sapiens nothing will work out towards peace but peace.
        These men will even reject from the worms after their death – since their attitudes are really beyond all levels. I am ashamed to call me as sinhalaya – having lived on the west for the last 30 years, I feel, our people would take an another century to see it right. Here, migrant communities are not treated as second class ones .. where you have got everything on your hand, are given the priority. No matter you are a german, french or anyone started the life coming from srilanka.

    • 6
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      H. L. D. Mahindapala

      RE:Jaffna Low-Castes Stoned Arumuka Navalar – Godfather Of Vellahlaism

      Thank you for your articles. Amarasiri learned some things he did not know before.

      1. “After enduring the indignities and humiliations of oppression and persecution of the Vellahla supremacists, the “Minority Tamils” – a euphemism for the untouchables — launched their first organised revolt in 1968 at Maviddipuram Temple.”

      2. ” Earlier attempts during British rule to resist the oppression of the Vellahla fascists were quashed ruthlessly by Vellahla thugs”

      3. “The isolated incidents in various corners of Jaffna merely provoked the Vellahla oppressors to hit back with severe punishments, including burning and killing of the low-castes. The annual reports of the British administration for the province of Jaffna have recorded the numerous incidents of Vellahla violence crushing the low-castes.”

      So, who wants to be Hindu, unless he or she was born a Vellala?

      4. “It was in the sixties that the Vellahla elite (i.e., the English-educated Saivite Jaffna Vellahla (ESJVs)) faced the full wrath of the untouchables / dalits”

      5. “This is the legacy left for the Tamil Churchmen, NGO pundits and the Tamil diaspora to celebrate. The pain and suffering inflicted by the Tamils on fellow-Tamils throughout their history convict the Tamil leadership as irredeemable criminals who shed tears (crocodile ones at that!) for the Tamil dead, hoping that tears would bring more political gain than what has been derived so far from “corpse politics”. Tamil-dominated NGOs like the ICES or the CPA will commemorate “1983” annually, saying “Never again”! That is commendable. But when — O, when! — will these Tamil-dominated NGOs give equal emphasis to Kathankudy and Arantalawa to remember the innocent victims of mindless Tamil violence?”

      Thank you again for your articles. Amarasiri learned some things he did not know before and now better understand about Tamil Racism, what Izeth Hussein was talking about. It is Hinduism and its Castism.

      • 6
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        Amarasiri
        The term “minority Tamils” was coined much earlier and there was the Sirupaanmaith Thamizar Mahasabhai” (Minority Tamils Council) organized by anti-caste system activists many years earlier.

        The struggle was slow to gather momentum. Intimidation of the depressed community was not only by pressure of the elite, with violence mostly implemented by paid goons of lower groups. More important was what Gramsci would call “dominant ideology” where the oppressed not only accept their lot but even defend the status quo.

        The struggle to enter Maviddapuram temple in 1968 was a well-organized campaign led by ‘Maoist’ communists with support from a sizable section of the ‘upper’ and ‘middle’ layers of society as well.
        It also attracted support from the South at the later stages.
        There was no violence on the part of the campaigners, because they knew that the slightest act of violence will be used by the police (under the UNP-led “Hathhavula” regime with FP & TC as partners) to unleash violence on them.

        The stoning of Arumuka Naavalar’s statue was not by the depressed caste communities. Another caste-based issue was involved.

        Who would not want to be a Vellala (or for that matter a Brahmin in India)?
        The sad thing about the anti-caste system struggle is that, except for the politically awake, the general resentment is not about inequality itself but about not belonging somewhere higher.
        It is this attitude that divides those oppressed by caste and class (and colour in the US).

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          sekara

          “the general resentment is not about inequality itself but about not belonging somewhere higher.”

          Thanks for the details. Learned a little more.

          Published on Apr 4, 2013
          What happens when you pay two monkeys unequally? Watch what happens.

          https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=meiU6TxysCg

  • 11
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    “Jaffna Low-Castes Stoned Arumuka Navalar – Godfather Of Vellahlaism”

    Way to go, so-called ‘Low Caste Tamils’!

    What is Caste, except a Ploy of one Group of People who joined together, to Isolate another Group, as Underdogs! No Basis in Fact or Biological Science!

    • 2
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      /“Jaffna Low-Castes Stoned Arumuka Navalar – Godfather Of Vellahlaism” Way to go, so-called ‘Low Caste Tamils’!/

      Can someone explain to us the influence of caste in the Maha Sangha and Sri Lankan national politics?

  • 4
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    [Edited out] mr. Mahindapala

  • 4
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    Some one said, even Vellala is a Shudra caste in India. So, the Vellala Wigneswaran is a big shot in buddhist Sri lanka. He behaves like indin Brahmin in India.

    • 9
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      Jimmy Softly on the head. The caste classification in the southern parts of India and the Tamil parts of the island was different from North India.
      After the introduction of the varna concept to south India, caste boundaries in south India were not as marked as in north India, where the four-tier varna system placed the priestly Brahmins on top followed by the Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, and Shudras and lastly the Dalits or untouchable beyond the pale. In south India, on the other hand, there existed only three distinguishable classes, the Brahmins, the non-Brahmins and the Dalits. The two intermediate dvija varnas(twice born or born again because boys or young men from the twice born or dvija castes have to under go the sacred thread ceremony or commonly called Poonool in Tamil ) the Kshatriyas and Vaishyas did not exist.
      The dominant castes of south India such as the Vellala in Tamil Nadu the Reddy Naicker/Kapu in Andhra or the Nair in Kerala, held a status in society analogous to the Kshatriyas and Vaishyas of the north with the difference that religion did not sanctify them,meaning they were not accorded the status of Kshatriyas and Vaishyas by the Brahmins in the Brahmanical varna system. Historically, these land-owning castes have belonged to the regal ruling classes and are analogous to the Kshatriyas of the Brahmanical society in North India.
      The Brahmins, on top of the hierarchical social order, viewed the ruling caste of the south like the Vellala as sat-Shudras meaning shudras of “true being”. Sat-shudras are also known as clean shudras, upper shudras, pure or high-caste shudras. This classification and the four-tier varna concept was never accepted by these ruling castes.
      Got it, In the South the Brahmin was only ritually higher however most of the political and economic power and the rulers belonged to these Sat Sudra castes like the Vellala, the Reddy Naicker/Kappu or the Nairs. Got is Jaffna is a good example Other than the Brahmins priests from the largely temples that were endowed with huge land grants from the largely poor Brahmin priests were dependent on these powerful land owning Sat Sudra castes.
      You and this Mahindapala know very little and a little knowledge is very dangerous. Listen to this Brahmin and learn

      • 6
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        Paul you Idiotic Self-Important, Self Styled, Brahmin; No one Wants to know that You consider Yourself High Caste. As I have commented earlier in this blog:-

        “What is Caste, except a Ploy of one Group of People who joined together, to Isolate another Group, as Underdogs! No Basis in Fact or Biological Science!”

        • 8
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          Why does the truth bother you and the other Sinhalese extremists. You all quote the classical Brahminical Varna system, that is more geared to North India and not the southern parts of India or to Eelam,to state the Vellala are lowly ( if the Vellala are Sudra then the Sinhalese Govigama the Kandyan Radala are all lowly Sudra) So as a as a Tamil and a Brahmin have corrected your Sinhalese misinformation and you are fuming.
          I am not obsessed with caste nor are the other Tamils, it is you Sinhalese and Mahindapala who is obsessed with Tamil people and their castes and are constantly posting about this with the intention of dividing us. It will not work. With the war what ever remained of the caste system amongst the Eelam Tamils has been broken, especially amongst the diaspora and now no one cares two hoots about this other than you Sinhalese, as it is you who are more caste conscious than the Tamils. Just look at the Sinhalese matrimonial advertisements specifying the caste. Sinhalese will never elect a non Govigama or non Buddhist to a high position on the other hand the Tamils will elect a Christian Tamil and a non Vellala as their leader. People who live in glass houses should not throw stones at others. Always discussing about Tamil castes when you Sinhalese are the biggest caste conscious racist war criminals in modern history intent on committing genocide and then try to act like saints. It will not work.

          • 5
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            Paul, I am not a ‘Sinhalese Extremist’, just a ‘Human Being’ who does not believe in Divisions by Race, Caste, Creed or Language!

            • 4
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              Nice! But noticed that all your love and humanity is only reserved for Sinhalese racists and extremists, will be nice if you extend this to the rest of humanity, especially to your fellow Tamil country men. This also included the Muslim variety

              • 2
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                “You and this Mahindapala know very little and a little knowledge is very dangerous. Listen to this Brahmin and learn”

                Paul
                March 6, 2016 at 6:07 pm
                Reply
                In the above quote, does ‘this Brahmin’ refer to Yourself?

          • 3
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            Paul,
            You are entirely correct.
            The great poet Subramanya Barathi opposed the Brahmins’ attitude and said there are only two races – those who are educated, and those who are not.
            He opposed the Brahmins and toppled them from their self-made pedestal.

            • 7
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              Subramania Barathiar was a Brahmin himself. Most Brahmins in Tamil Nadu were very poor and living on the margins, just like the Tamil movie Arangatram. They were caste conscious but had no time to be on a pedestals or on anything, as they were struggling to get their next meal. They largely existed as Tamil teachers, village priests arranging marriages and getting a brokers fee, or as astrologers. They largely lived on the largeness of the rich Vellala/Thevar/Naicker landlords. It was the rich city ones who were the problem.
              The great Karnunanidhi who publicly derides all the Tamil Brahmins and calls them Aryan outsiders,despite most of them living in the Tamil country for almost 2000 years being Tamil and speaking dreaming praying in the only language they knew Tamil. To him and the rest of the DMK fanatics 10% of Muslims in Tamil Nadu who speak Urdu as their mother tongues and the Telugu immigrants, most of whom spoke Telugu at home were Tamils but not the Tamil Brahmins, who were ethnically Tamil and spoke only Tamil.
              He and the rest of the Dravidian fanatics made life hell for millions of poor and middle class Brahmins who make up the vast majority of the state’s Brahmin population. The rich ones like Hindu Jam Choopiramani Chamy or Cho(like the rich Colombo 7 Tamils in Sri Lankan who were largely not affected by the Sinhalese racism like the rest of the Tamils in the island) were never affected by the anti Brahmin sentiment, as they were too rich and powerful, so they still carried on with their nasty ways.
              However the Brahmin hating Karunanidhi got one of his sons married into to a very rich and powerful Tamil Iyengar Brahmin family, who are very close relatives of Hindu Ram. They are very white and Aryan looking, the very same people who Karunanidhi was agitating against spouting hatred in public but was consorting in private. Shows what a hypocrite he and most of the DMK now are. It is also ironic that one the major Dravidian party is now headed by a so called Aryan Tamil Brahmin and she is the chief minister of Tamil Nadu. A Tamil Brahmin woman now leads the Tamils in India and if anything will be done to the Tamils in Sri Lanka it will be through her ( not that I hold much hope)
              The old DMK and Periyar did their job in Tamil Nadu and eradicated Brahmin stranglehold on the state and uplifted the masses, however now it is a different era and there should be unity amongst all Tamils, especially in Eelam and not divided by caste or religion. Other Dravidian people like the Malayalees who suffered far more than the Tamils from the hands of their Namboothiri Brahmins, at least the Tamil Brahmins were not sleeping with non Brahmin Tamil women and producing lots of half castes over a thousand years. the Telugus and Kanndigas have moved forward and their Brahmins are fully assimilated with the rest of the population just like in Jaffna and closely identify with them. It is only in Tamil Nadu due dirty caste politics to win power that the Dravidian parties have kept this anti Brahmin setiment against their own Brahmin population to win votes. The biggest losers out of all this are the Tamils, especially the Eelam Tamils who really had nothing to do with this, as many these rich and powerful Tamil Brahmins in India many of whom hold powerful positions in the Indian central government, took their revenge on the hapless foreign Eelam Tamil population, who had nothing to with Indian or Tamil Nadu politics for what happened to them in their own land.

              • 0
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                P-RSSS

                Do you take Karunanidhi seriously? No Brahmin in TN has reason to.
                He got others to play the Kannada Brahmana naari card against Jayalalitha, and Malayali card against MGR while his own “Tamilness” was in question. But nothing worked.
                People know that he is rotten to the core.

                There were once genuine grievances against the Brahmin urban elite in the cities and the Brahmin land owning class in ‘Cola country’.

                Caste conflict in TN has since come a long way. It is the middle-rung castes that are oppressing Dalits, who are kept disunited by their leaders.

                Meantime, Tamil nationalism is whipped up across TN by all and sundry, not for a ‘free Tamilnadu’ but a far away ‘free Tamil Eelam’.

              • 0
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                Cool story, bro :D

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                Paul -Real SSS,

                Bharathi though born a Brahmin, rejected ‘brahminism’ and fought the caste system.

                He gave “upanayanam” to a Dalit and “made” him a “Brahmin” !!
                He was hated by the Brahmins.

                https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subramania_Bharati

                The caste to caste jumping in tamil nadu is/was a pure survival tactic.
                It happens in the Jaffna ditrict too.

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            Paul is right in every detail. Mahindapala and others should read a little more about the scholarly literature on caste in India. But then,that may be too much to hope for and a little more knowledge will not be useful to Mahindapala’s purposes.
            This purpose seems to be:Since the Tamils,the majority of whom are Vellalar oppress the untouchables, the Sinhalese have the right and a duty to oppress the Tamils as a whole — ie including the untouchables!
            This sort of argument — much practiced by the more ardent Sinhala supremacists and in earlier times by Hitler his intellectual minions– introduces the a logical system that could be called ethnologic!

      • 3
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        Brahmins with Christian names.

        What shame for Tamil superiority.

        • 5
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          Why what is wrong with Paul or any other Christian name? Much better than Jimmy soft on the head

        • 2
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          Under We Thamizh rule ‘Paul’ the low caste convert/dalit would have been branded with hot coals and bludgeoned with palmyra branches for insulting Brahmins by pretending to be one :D

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          Jim softy
          ‘Brahmins with Christian names.

          What shame for Tamil superiority.’

          What is a ‘Christian name’? And what is wrong with having a ‘Christian name’? Half of my family is Hindu and the other is Catholic, and I have a name in Mediterranean origin. That doesn’t make me any less ‘Tamil’ nor does it ‘shame’ Tamil ‘superiority’.

          As Shakespeare famously quipped, *’What is in a name that which we call a rose?
          That which we call a rose. By any other name would smell as sweet’*

          Tamil Christians, Hindus (and even Muslims) manage to coexist without any religious animosity (’emmatham sammatham’ –> famous quote in Tamil that declares all religions equal). But, I myself see turmoil between Sinhala Buddhists and Sinhala Catholics. Now you tell me who is more tolerant, and who discriminates ‘their own kind’ more.

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        Cool story, bro :D

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          THEY SO CALLED HIGH CALSS TAMILS, WHO NOW SPEAK DISPARAGINGLY ABOUT THE MUSLIM SRONG, DID NO HAVE VE THE PRESNTDAY “AMUDEY” THEN.EARLY TAMILS WERE THE OSTILL CLD COMMUNITY IN THE EAST.NEITHER A PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION,NOR USEFUL TRAINING OTHER THAN WASHING LATRINES, WERE WHAT THEYH OFFERED TO HEIR KALLA THONI MIGRATED LAND, SRI LANKA. NOW THEY HAVE THE SHAMELESS AUDACITY TO ASK FOR EQUAL STATUS.

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            That is why the immigrant Dravidian Tamil Muslim refuges from India fled to the east seeking refuge and asylum from the Eelam Tamils in the east now, killed raped and ethnically cleansed Eastern Tamil Hindus , the so called early Tamils, stole their lands, bred like rats and are conniving with the Sinhalese to steal their land to create a pure Islamic Salafist nightmare for the rest of South Asia. Go to many Muslim areas and you will think you are in Wahhabi/Salafist haven Saudi Arabia Iraq or parts of Syria. Name boards in Arabic(which no one understands) changing ancient Tamil place names to Arabic,Which again is not understood by anyone and sounds gibberish, even to the local Muslims, women in Burqa, men in Arab dress. Very soon they will stop speaking their own language Tamil and start to screech in Arabic.

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          Not as cool s you stealing my name and identity

          • 0
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            Cool story, bro :D

            • 0
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              Shiva saranankara himi came abroad and now working under vellala mudalali.

              Off licence kade hari seethalailu. Cool soda ekak thenta appa!

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                Ken Robert

                You are are being cruel to Wee Tahmihz Siva Sankaran Sarma Menon who does not understand Sinhala, yet you have written something bad about him.

                If I could translate your comment, @*! ?#@*%^~# &>%!!”v !**# …..

          • 0
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            Is it an identity crisis, or an intellectual property rights issue here?

  • 2
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    Arumuga Navalar should be a Svethambra Jainist who were covering their groin with a piece of white cloth as some one wearing one piece of cloth and in some cases, British did not allow them to walk naked.

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      Jim S
      The Jains who walk naked are “digambaras”.
      The Svethambra Jain sect was there from 2nd Century CE.
      What they chose to wear (all white) had nothing to do with the Brits.

      What does it matter what one wears as long as one does not harm fellow humans?

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    Another ” good” article by HLDM !Edwin Rodrigo you may now begin to make comments and then comments on your comments, ad nauseum !!

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    HLDM,
    When you were looking for a bride for yourself I was told you placed adverts in the Lake House news papers.
    If that was true what did you put as your cast in the matrimonial column ?

    Sorry to ask you a personal question, ie is your better half related to Kadirgamars or Ramanathans or Arunachalams or Sundaralingams?

    Since 1948 how many Prime Ministers or Presidents of Sri Lanka are from non Go gama casts ?

    You talk about Maviddapuram Temple issue Do you know how many votes each candidate got in the general election held at that time ? The facts will shame you.

  • 11
    2

    Why is HLDM spitting out so much venom about Tamils in General.
    Is his Vellala Tamil wife wearing a chastity belt?

  • 9
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    Rajash.

    If Mahindapalas wife was a Vellala Tamil, he would have attacked the Sinhala Buddhists!

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      HLDM : can you confirm: Your wife has become untouchable?

  • 1
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    Some extreme tamil factions here are acrimonious about Mahindapala’s article which epitomize the unvarnished truth about the intrinsic and internal Tamil conundrums . Dont let CT to become one sided Diaspora platform .

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    VP killing more Tamils and the Sinhalese as mere bystanders is a joke
    The racist Sinhalese and the Buddhist extremists would have then sponsored the man.

  • 2
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    As a country we should all think of giving up this Shitism!

    And move with the modern world or else definitely we will all be in the

    SHIT!

    No escape.

    Let us create a better world for our children.

  • 5
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    I find to my dismay MLD Mahindapala’s obsession with Thamil Vellalas. One can discuss any subject; he will end up coming with this Vellala phobia. It is an incurable disease he is suffering from his birth. He thinks the Vellala caste is having a stranglehold on Thamil politics. This might have been the case a few decades ago. Not after the LTTE came to dominate Thamil political landscape. Suffice to say LTTE leader himself did not belong to the Vellala caste. On the other hand caste plays a big factor in Sinhala politics. Since independence no President, no Prime Minister came from the Karava, the Salagama and the Durawe caste. All came from the Govigama caste. Dr.N.M.Perera led the LSSP although criminal lawyer Dr. Colvin R de Silva was a better choice. There is only one notable exception. Ranasinghe Premadasa who became president despite the fact he came from a low caste. Caste remains a significant feature in Sinhala politics. The JVP and the NNF are both caste based. So is the different Buddhist Nikayas. In the choice of candidates for certain electorates, for example Katana is Salagama Sinhalese. Balapitiya preferably Salagama, if not Karawe, Buddhist, Sinhalese. Moratuwa Karawe Sinhalese, preferably Buddhist but a Christian would be acceptable while Moratuwa and Ambalangoda should be Karawe, Sinhalese and essentially Buddhist -Karawe candidates can never win seats in the NWP and Central Province even if they are “kingfishers”. So caste is a necessary strategy when it comes to Sinhalese politics and elections.
    King Vijayabahu in the 11th century DENIED ACCESS TO THE SO-CALLED LOWER CASTES to venerate the Buddha’s footprint at the summit of Sri Pada or Adam`s Peak. These castes were confined to a lower terrace further down. This led to an immediate counter when a 12th century rock inscription of King Nissanka Malla warned that the Govigama caste could never aspire to high office. The 13th century Sinhala literary work, the Pujavaliya went on to assert that a Buddha would never be born in the Govigama caste. The Govigama reaction was swift. Kandyan Buddhist civil law as later documented in the Niti Nighanduwa,
    The plight of the Sinhala `DALITS`- Karava, Durava, Salagama, Berava and Rodiya is a good example of caste discrimination in Sinhala society.
    Professor K.M. de Silva in his `History of Sri Lanka`, refers to the MIGRATION OF THE KARAWE, SALAGAMA AND DURAWE CASTES FROM SOUTHERN INDIA TO SRI LANKA BETWEEN THE 14TH AND 17TH CENTURIES AD. They were Tamils assimilated into the Sinhala caste hierarchy,
    Sinhalese caste system has placed the Govigama at the top of an elaborately ordered caste hierarchy. So it goes on and on. Mr. MLD Mahindapala must remove the beam in his eyes before he removes the speck in others eyes.

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      Attempt of one shudra to demote other shudras
      The only Dalit in SL was the Rodi
      Smaller farming and craft communities were apparently given a lower status by the larger farmers and the 3 communities mentioned above were ‘second’ to this majority who are also of DRAVIDIAN and even recent stock.

      (Nissankamalla was affirming Vijayabahu, who placed the relic with Dravidian soldiers)

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        Yep, the great Vijayabahu expelled the Cholas
        But, Tamil caste ideology crept in (after 70 yrs of occupation)
        That is; ‘Shudra domination’
        So, the Aryan Nissanakamalla had to re-assert

        A commander of Vijayabahu was the prince with the golden anklet; Kurukulataryan
        Lak Vijaya Singu was the field-marshal of the 100 000 in Nissankamalla’s overseas campaign and the Mahavidhana De Mels of Lakshapathiya are his descendants.

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    Tamil writers like Sebastian Rasalingam had written these things about the “lower castes” being suppressed by the upper castes, and so what Mahindapala writes is nothing new- every Tamil knows about it anyway, but we rarely bring it out into the open.
    Of course, during the war too, lower caste Tamils were discriminated (and used as soldiers), while the wealthy ones moved south or went abroad.
    The problem is, Caste domination is once again returning to the North, with Wigneswaran and such utter old-fashioned nuts controlling the show. The “real upper caste” Tamils did not even WANT to live in Jaffna which has pehaps too many low-caste people for their taste. So they left Maanippaai and lived in KaravaKaddu (Colombo 7). When a chief minister is to be appointed, we go back to one of those Colombo-7 Tamils. When we needed leaders, we go back to a Ponnambalam or Chlevanayagam or Naganathan or Sumanthiran or who ever — but always from the Colombo-7 uper-caste landlord Tamils.

    • 0
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      Manoharan

      “When we needed leaders, we go back to a Ponnambalam or Chlevanayagam or Naganathan or Sumanthiran or who ever — but always from the Colombo-7 uper-caste landlord Tamils.”

      Of course you do. Even the Sinhalese wanted Sir Ponnambalam Ramanathan,an upper caste/class Tamil over Marcus Fernando to represent them in the colonial legislature, and an upper caste/class Tamil was sent to UK to represent them in 1915.

      Most matrimonial advertisements seek Govi girl for Govi boy or vice versa.

  • 3
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    “The statue had journeyed from Udipiddy through Chavakachcheri to Jaffna. In some places the statue was stoned.”

    Obviously, one wayward stone has hit Mahindapala on the head for him to start writing such ridiculous articles like this. It is best for Tamils to hit the ignore button on this man.

  • 1
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    MR. MAHINDAPALA, KEEP US INFORMED MORE AD MORE AND EDUCATED ABOUT THIS DOUBLE SIDED SHAMEFUL PSEUDO TAMIL CULTURE,ORGANISED ONLY TO OPPRESS FANATICAllY DEFENSELESS INNOCENT THEIR OWN COMMUNITY. NOW TAMIL LEADERS TALK OF LOSING THEIR SO CALLED “SELF RESPECT”. WHICH DID THEY EVER HAVE?
    THEY LIVED ONL ON HE WO “ISMS” THEY ONLY KNEW. CAN THE VELLACHI TAMIL EVER GO BACK AND RECONCILE WITH THEIR INNOCENT LESS FORTUNATE BRETHEREN? FOR POLITICAL GAIN NOW THEY SPILL “KIMBUL KADNDULU”. MR. MAHINAPALA, THIS IS A REVERENTIAL APPEAL ON BEHALF OF THE NATION. NOW THAT THE TRUE TAMILS CANNOT STOMACH YOUR TRUE DISGRACEFUL EXPOSURES, THY WILL USE HALF PASSIX METHODS TO DISSUADE YOU. WE NEED INFORMATION PLEASE CONTINUE THESE ARTICLES AD INFINITUUM.

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    Talking about Caste related violence in Hinduism-this happened in India yesterday

    Honour killing in Rajasthan: Cops arrest man for murdering sister who married outside their caste
    Mar 6, 2016 19:27 IST
    Jaipur:

    Seven people have been arrested in connection with the burning alive of a 27-year-old woman allegedly by her family members for marrying a man from another caste eight years ago in Rajasthan’s Dungarpur district, police said on Sunday.
    According to police, the incident occurred on Friday over 530 km from Jaipur while Rama Kumwar was visiting her family to meet them along with her little daughter.
    “The woman, Rama Kumwar, after marrying Prakash Sevak of another community had eloped from her village Pachlasa in Dungarpur district around eight years ago,” a police official told IANS on Sunday.
    “After living somewhere else for all these years she returned to her village along with her three-year-old daughter to meet her family and in-laws.”
    “Her brother Laxman Singh and other relatives who were still angry with her (Rama Kumwar), dragged her out of my house. They beat her up badly and burnt her alive. To destroy evidence, they cremated her late in the evening,” Kalavati, mother-in-law of Rama Kunwar, said in her police complaint.
    Kalavati also claimed to have been beaten up badly when she tried to save Rama Kumwar. “We have registered a case on her complaint and investigations are going on,” the official said.
    “We have so far arrested seven people including her brother Laxman Singh,” he added.

    IANS

  • 1
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    Mr Edwin heart attak last week. Die in sleep. Please pray for him. Mr Edwin RIP.

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    I am searching in all the comments an idea, a process that can be instituted so the children can grow up not to discriminate another person based on caste or anything else and learn to cooperate and help each other. It is too late for those who hold on to the despicable practice to change. Discrimination exists in all societies. Best to start in Pre-School, Primary and Secondary schools. Yes there is caste discrimination at Pre-school level. Not with pre-school children but in their families and in their village.

    Only one person has responded with ideas and where to start. Again my email is ethirveerasingam@gmail.com (please note the spelling of my name. You need not identify yourself.) A committee of six persons are working on discrimination based on caste to eradicate it in the Northern School System. (I am consultant to the NP Ministry of Education. I am the same person who was a high jumper who took part in the 1952, 1956 Olympic Games and 1954, 58 and 62 Asian Games.) You are also welcome to write to me anonimously, at
    66 Kattapalai Lane, Anaikottai, Jaffna.

    I need ideas for a solution NOT ideals or history – academic or otherwise. Solution to the problem does not need funds from World Bank or ADB.Just viable ideas and peaceful methods that can also be enforced by law.

  • 2
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    CT, please stop publishing this crap from this demented racist. Your valuable space on your website is being contaminated with this rubbish. Ask this imbecile to send future article to http://www.garbage.com which has been specifically established to analyse how sickos behave.

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      confu tao, you must be one of the long term contributors gargage.com.

      The inability to read or listen to a different point of view is affecting you badly.

      I am sure CT will not listen to you. So, instead of wasting your time, may I kindly suggest that you avoid reading any of HLDM articles. I for one love reading them.

  • 3
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    I agree with ruwan, not because I enjoy what is dished out, but because we cannot be selective about freedom of expression.
    HLDM’s failure to respond to serious criticism is something worth noting.

    As long as people do not stray from the ‘house rules’ of CT, let a hundred flowers bloom.

    However, those throwing wild charges at those who cannot defend themselves for legitimate reason should be made responsible and answerable.
    But that is not part of our media culture.

  • 4
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    Arumuga Navalar (1822 -1879)was a scholar who was proficient in both Thamil and Sanskrit. He is regarded as the “father” of modern Thamil prose and a staunch defender of Saivaism against Christian missionary attacks. Because his father was a Tamil poet, Arumuga Navalar received a solid foundation in Tamil literature at an early age. He rendered yeoman service to Thamil language and Hindu religion. He wrote commentaries and re-published Thamil classical literature and grammatical works. He studied in Christian schools and helped to translate the Bible into Thamil. He was responsible for the introduction of words Karttar to Jehovah and Devan to Jesus Christ. But he himself remained an orthodox Hindu who fought against foreign religious conversion.
    He was a revivalist and not strictly a reformist since his obsession was to prevent religious conversions. He published the following tracts, booklets, books against the propaganda of Christian missionaries against Hindu religion.

    1.Saiva Dhushana Parigaram
    2.Sivanama Villakkam.
    3.Vigggiraga Vanakkai.
    4.Hindu Jaya Perigai – in Four Parts.
    5.Christtuvar Vidaigalin Maruppu.
    6.Viviliya Kucitam.
    7.Viviliya Kurcita Kandanadhikkaram.
    8. Vajjiradangam.
    9. Christu madha Triyegattuva Abhasam.

    10. Esuvai Nanbinal Ratchippu Adaiyalama?
    11. Esu Christu Manithane.

    12. Milecha madha Kandanam.

    13. Christuvar Gnanodhaya Abasa Vilakkam.

    14. Christu madhattin Kuruttu Nambikkai.

    15. Bible eral Ezhudhap pattadhu?

    16. Padhirigalukk Or Sarbutti.

    17. Egovavin Asangiya Mozhi.

    18. Christu Madha Uyapagamum, Kolaigalum, Anidhigalum. 19

    He followed the Hindu Agama which divided people on caste lines to the very letter. Well known are his attempts to reform Shaivism itself, but not the entrenched and pernicious caste system. His knowledge of the Agamas also led him into conflict with the leaders of the temple of Murugan near his home. He said Nallur Temple, built about a century earlier, but not in accordance with the Agamas. During its festival in the month of Ati (July—August), Arumuga Navalar took it upon himself to advise its trustees that they violated the Agamas in three ways: by the manner of the temple construction, by using a spear as the primary icon of Murungan rather than an image, and by employing Brahmans ‘who had reject­ed Agamic initiations to conduct the worship. The trustees did not accept his advice, and this disagreement ultimately led to a lifelong conflict. At the heart of the dispute was the authority of local custom, which the Kandasami Temple followed, versus the authority of the Agamas: this contest pitted unwritten and immemorial practice against revealed and written scriptures. Arumuga Navalar not only chastised the Brahmin Hindu priests for not following Agamas and he also refused to receive the holy ash and holy water from Brahmin priests. So Arumuga Navalar has many facets to his life, character and personality and just nail him for his support for the pernicious practice of caste system based on Hindu orthodoxy is unfair and unwarranted.

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      Thanga, Notwithstanding all those good things that you are saying about Arumuka Navalar, and with all due respects to his admirers, I must say that his dress code and those decorative ash stripes are really a turn down. He looks more like a member from a primitive African tribe getting ready to go in to battle with an enemy tribe. At least, he should have covered the upper part of his body to make himself more respectable. but no, he did not do that.

      I do not understand how many commentators here agree with his views about caste What is surprising is that while they attack the author for revealing the dark side of Arumuka, they do not offer any defense for the contents of the author’s article except to say it is all crap. Are we to take that Arumuka was not what the author says he is, a highly obsessive caste supremacist?

      Finally, I must say that I will be ashamed if this photo falls in to the hands of a foreigne, for he may take all of us Sri Lankans as savages.

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        Don’t worry.
        Foreigners have already seen Kandian Dancers and have knowledge of Great people like Ghandi.

    • 1
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      ruwan
      “He looks more like a member from a primitive African tribe getting ready to go in to battle with an enemy tribe.”

      That comment seems racist, perhaps unintentionally.

      The image is a portrait and not a photograph. The stripes in real life would have been more irregular.

      If that was the dress code of his time for his social role, we should have the tolerance to accept it.

      What about Gandhi’s dress code? Churchill called him a ‘half naked fakir’. On whose side are we?

      Our lives cannot be conditioned by the opinions of foreigners. Wise foreigners respect other people’s ways of life.

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    Arumuga Navalar was a great modernizer of Tamil. He wanted modern education for Tamils, but was not keen to challenge conservative social values.
    He did not dare to challenge the case structure or untouchability as he was the representative of both the dominant class-caste group and its ideology.
    While he challenged ill educated Brahmin priests, his understanding of Saiva Siddhantha was vastly different from that in South India.
    He also struck down the worship of what he called “small deities”. That in my view is authoritarian.

    He had a significant anti-colonial element to his thought but, like that of Anagarika Dharmapala, it was not all embracing. Sectarianism and cooperation with the regime were there, despite his attack on Christianity.
    His clash with Ramalinga Adigal in Tamilnadu was not something that Tamils can be proud of.

    He has to be critically assessed more in the way the Sri Lankan Left did and not denounced as an absolute reactionary or hailed as the savior of Tamils.

  • 3
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    Anyway, Mahindapalan is lucky. Being a Malay, he has no caste.

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    Thanga

    Do you know the place where I can have access or purchase those publications you have mentioned?

    A book titled ” A Hindu critique of Christianity ” by Chattai Swamikal is available in the net. This is a translation from Malayalam . You may be interested to read.

  • 0
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    Thanga

    Correct name of the author is Chattampi Swamikal.

  • 0
    1

    Buddha was a revolutionary in many ways. One of his great services was casting aside caste as if it was a lump of stinking saliva at dawn.

    To Sundarika Bhâradvâja, the Brahmin who inquired about his lineage, the Buddha answered:

    “No Brahmin I, no prince,
    No farmer, or aught else.
    All worldly ranks I know,
    But knowing go my way
    as simply nobody:
    Homeless, in pilgrim garb,
    With shaven crown, I go
    my way alone, serene.
    To ask my birth is vain.”

    This was 2,500 years ago. Some people carry this burden even now on their shoulders and expect the low castes to carry their own version.

    Anyone who has supported caste divisions has done a great disservice to humanity and I cannot but help consider AK as one of them.

  • 1
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    Ratharan ruwan

    Colombo telegraph published a critique on sinhala caste system many moons ago
    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/caste-and-exclusion-in-sinhala-buddhism/

    you and mahindapalan should read it!

  • 0
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    Buddha during his 45 year long life of enlightenment carried out a relentless campaign to free the people from the vice like grip that the Brahmins had on their religious beliefs and practices. The animal sacrifice orgies that the Brahmins practiced regularly were severely condemned by Buddha and he managed to wean the people away from them gradually. Some of the Brahmins themselves converted to Buddhism on seeing the truth.

    Buddha was highly successful in his campaign because he won over the trust of the regional kings who supported him and his ideas in many ways. The caste free Sangha society, that Buddha formed, acted as a model for others to emulate. Even Kings were obliged bow down and pay respects to a low caste Vasalaya, once he was ordained and they did. The fact that Siddhartha was born a Sakya prince added immensely to the credibility to his anti caste views.

    Buddha’s campaign against the caste system can be considered as similar to Lenin’s campaign against the brutality of the capitalists, with the difference that Buddha’s campaign was a completely non-violent one with Metta as one of its main weapon.

    However, after Buddha’s death, the Brahmins managed to win back their lost power and Buddhism disappeared from India while it thrived in Sri Lanka in addition to many other Asian counties, where the people as well as the leaders were wise and broad minded enough to appreciate the Dhamma.

    However, caste, even in its mild form, remains an undesirable aspect left over from the past continuing up to today among the Sinhalese Buddhists of Sri Lanka and has an influence on marriages, selection of political leaders etc. Caste Is considered as important in selecting a marriage partner mainly because they do not want the children to be affected by mixed caste marriages. In all other aspects such as employment, education, how you make friends, how one treats a visitor to one’s home etc., it has become a factor that is highly insignificant.

    On the other hand among the SL Tamils, it still continues in epidemic proportions because intellectuals like Arumuka Navalar continued to import Brahmins from South India, where none or very few existed before. Once Brahmins, whether the original or the fake version, appear in the scene the God of liberation runs away without even a backward glance. That is the tragedy that our Tamil brethren continue to face even now.

    Buddha during his 45 year long life of enlightenment carried out a relentless campaign to free the people from the vice like grip that the Brahmins had on their religious beliefs and practices. The animal sacrifice orgies that the Brahmins practiced regularly were severely condemned by Buddha and he managed to wean the people away from them gradually. Some of the Brahmins themselves converted to Buddhism on seeing the truth.

    Buddha was highly successful in his campaign because he won over the trust of the regional kings who supported him and his ideas in many ways. The caste free Sangha society, that Buddha formed, acted as a model for others to emulate. Even Kings were obliged bow down and pay respects to a low caste Vasalaya, once he was ordained and they did. The fact that Siddhartha was born a Sakya prince added immensely to the credibility to his anti caste views.

    Buddha’s campaign against the caste system can be considered as similar to Lenin’s campaign against the brutality of the capitalists, with the difference that Buddha’s campaign was a completely non-violent one with Metta as one of its main weapon.

    However, after Buddha’s death, the Brahmins managed to win back their lost power and Buddhism disappeared from India while it thrived in Sri Lanka in addition to many other Asian counties, where the people as well as the leaders were wise and broad minded enough to appreciate the Dhamma.

    However, caste, even in its mild form, remains an undesirable aspect left over from the past continuing up to today among the Sinhalese Buddhists of Sri Lanka and has an influence on marriages, selection of political leaders etc. Caste Is considered as important in selecting a marriage partner mainly because they do not want the children to be affected by mixed caste marriages. In all other aspects such as employment, education, how you make friends, how one treats a visitor to one’s home etc., it has become a factor that is highly insignificant.

    On the other hand among the SL Tamils, it still continues in epidemic proportions because intellectuals like Arumuka Navalar continued to import Brahmins from South India, where none or very few existed before. Once Brahmins, whether the original or the fake version, appear in the scene the God of liberation runs away without even a backward glance. That is the tragedy that our Tamil brethren continue to face even now.

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