16 December, 2019

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Origin Of Religion & Extremism

By Upali Gamakumara –

Upali Gamakumara

It is the general belief that religion is the backbone of discipline that helps creating a peaceful society. This assertion has been built on another belief that there is an omnipresent observer or a supernatural force who monitors a person’s good and bad deeds. It is also believed that the ‘force’ protects the man from disasters if he does right things which pleases the ‘force’ or punish him if he does wrong. These system of beliefs is the reason for above assertion. The supernatural force can be a personalized God or a phenomenon like “Karma”. Be it God or Karma, it is a belief, which cannot be tested for its authenticity.

The process of behavioral change from belief to behavior is a psychological conditioning process. Religion and culture are the two sources which provide ‘beliefs’. Following diagram depicts how this process works.

(1) Life experience →  (2) Assumptions → (3) Guess → (4) Belief → (5) Attitude → (6) Behavior

Example:

Life experience: A boy sees a disabled person → (2) build assumptions about himself, others or the world → (3) Guess: Must have done a bad thing → (4) Belief: mother must be correct  → (5) Attitude: we are right – they are wrong → (6) Behavior: us-them categorization leading to racism/extremism

This is a universal generic process. Here I have taken ‘mother’ as the example, as she is the first to implant beliefs in particular culture.

Origin of Religion

There are four mind functions responsible for origin of religion; ‘Hyperactive Agency Detection Devise’ (HADD), ‘Theory of mind’ (TOM), ‘Flight or Fight response’ and ‘Consciousness’. 

‘Hyperactive Agency Detection Devise’ (HADD) is the most important one among all. Justin Barrett coined this defense system, which tells animals to suspect that ‘something is over there’ (Agent) behind strange physical happening in the environment. There is another defense/life-support system called Limbic System (LS), which is a more advanced system than HADD but not directly responsible for the origin of religion. The difference between HADD and the LS is that HADD signals to suspects of an agency behind an unknown physical happening. Whereas LS signals to respond to a known change in the environment. If an unusual sound disturbs a sleeping dog, its response is different to that of a smell of a bitch in heat. HADD works in the first scenario, where suspicion comes first not knowing what it is. In the second scenario the LS identifies what the signal is and act appropriately. Scientists say that HADD is a valuable ‘devise’ inherited by all animals as a defense mechanism for survival. However, HADD is still considered as a theory as its existence is spatial and subtle.   

Sometimes, ‘human-HADD’ suspects that agents have supernatural powers. For example, man believes ‘rain’ is an act of a supernatural agent. Especially early human beings believed that life threatening phenomena (or places) like lightning, darkness, huge caves, fire, and large trees are some of the places where such supernatural agents reside. They also thought that those agents can think. They thought when the agency gets angry, they instigate curse upon man. So, to keep the agencies pleased, people started offerings. Interestingly, man believed that Agents’ desires are analogical to peoples’ desires. Therefore, man sought to offer what the savage is greedy of. Burnt flesh, singing, dancing, and young women (virgin) were some of them. This is the origin of devotion which eventually evolved into religion.    

Another interesting feature of Human mind is that it guesses what others have in their minds. This is called Theory of Mind (TOM).  Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states—beliefs, intents, desires, pretence, knowledge, etc.—to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, … (Wikipedia). Theory of Mind (TOM) is an extension of HADD. TOM believes both supernatural agent as well as human beings have this ability. For example, ‘He must be thinking that I am rich’, is such a guess.

Fight or flight response is another adaptation for survival. Flight or fight response is common to human beings as well. This is a simple behavioral system of all animals. That is, when an animal faces a life threatening challenge, it simply fights with it or flight from it for its survival.

Consciousness is the last but not the least responsible mind function for origin of religion. Though the brainiest animal next to the man is chimpanzee, man’s consciousness is far superior to that of chimpanzees. For example, a chimp cannot identify its own mirror image as of his own. This superior consciousness of man is the one that leads man to think and worry about uncertainties like death, illness and security of his life and of his children’s. No other animal is aware of these uncertainties. The fear for death comes to animals only when they face a life threatening event. Some mammals and birds weep when their loved ones are lost. This is a result of the function of the Limbic System – not of consciousness.

The super-conscious man resorts to another method of flying away at a threat: the religious belief.  Think of a man who climbs a tree top to escape from a tiger. When his consciousness tells him that there is no escape from fight or flight, he starts to pray to a supernatural power for help. This way of flight comes from the combination of his TOM and Consciousness. Scientifically, it is hard to believe whether a religion can help him but psychologically it gives some confidence to stay alive until the danger vanishes.

How a belief system turns into a strong religion?

In psychology of love, when a person falls in love with another, the lover then intensely focusses on the love aggrandizing his or her better traits, overlooking its flaws. This is a result of our hormone activity. (Helen Fisher, The New Psychology of Love, Yale University Press). It is true for a belief system too. When something good happens the devotee attributes it to the supernatural force overlooking what was denied by the same force. Thus a belief system turns into a strong religion leading to religious extremism.

Conflicts among religions

The major reasons for conflicts are due to the differences in belief systems.  Ironically, many religious beliefs are in conflict. A ‘right’ deed for one religion is a ‘wrong’ for another. Some examples for such conflicts in beliefs are: the cow is a sacred animal for Hindus and Buddhists while it is an important source of food for followers of Abrahamic religions. Pork is a delicious food for Christians but it is a prohibited food for Muslims. Similarly, some rituals have changed over the time within the same religion. Animal sacrifices practiced by Christianity have been almost abandoned by now. Further, within the same religion there are differences of opinion. According to Dr. Zakir Naik (Peace TV) murder is wrong but Jihadists believe ‘killing apostates’ as a holy act. Again, when people see their prayers are not answered, they resort to other religious beliefs. Buddhists praying and making sacrifices to demons for help is a case in point, though Lord Buddha said ‘you are your own savior’ (aththahi aththano natho).   

Extremism

Religious or communal dissonance begins when different belief systems are in conflict. Unfortunately, when a man is conditioned in a particular belief system it is very difficult to change him. The most dangerous part is that when a person’s belief systems is fixed, it overrides his sophisticated self-awareness and cognitive faculties like logical thinking. Strongly held belief systems override even the basic evolutionary needs for survival and they become martyrs. 

Extremism is the rigid adherence to any kind of belief system. They do not tolerate other beliefs, faiths, races or political systems. Extremism exist always in a group. Personal rigid belief is a personal policy matter and harmless. Extremist groups have a leader who builds what is called ‘Groupthink’. Groupthink is that which deteriorate individual member’s rational thinking out of the fear for leader and losing group solidarity. Even if a member in the group realizes certain policies are against his consciousness, he simply follows the leader’s instructions until he gets a chance to escape from the group. Only a few courageous members can dissent.

Extremists are emotive. Extremist leaders exploit this weakness to their advantage. Leaders in Crusade, Nazi, Camerouch, LTTE, Al Kaida and similar others used this weakness as a strategy to lead members to fight against their enemies. Politicians too use this weakness to expand their vote bases. In the recent Muslim – Buddhist communal unrest, every political leader is pointing finger at their political opponents, simply to win minority vote. The truth is that there is a growing extremism in both communities. Nobody wants to settle this unfortunate situation but fuel the extremism for their advantage.

Way out

In every religion there are two parts – Philosophy and Belief. What is leading to communal dissonance is belief, not the philosophy. Propagation of belief in public is what leads to extremism. Unfortunately, in Sri Lanka the governments, constitution, electoral limits and even the national flag propagate extremism. No politician likes to change this or at least to start a debate over these for the fear of losing their vote bases in both minorities and the majority. Because as far as people are divided over emotional issues they can manipulate vote bases.

Writer’s opinion is that we should make Sri Lanka a secular country, not the way some Western countries practice it. Singaporean model is the best as we know of. In every school all religious philosophies are taught but not as a religion. People have the freedom to practice their religious beliefs privately. However public religious events like using public address systems to chant ‘pirith’, calling for prayers in mosques have been banned. No religious processions are allowed in public places. However, freedom for practicing their religious beliefs have not been denied. For instance, building Temples, Churches and Mosques is allowed.

If you are interested in experiencing ‘cold war’ between Muslims and Buddhists, we suggest you to stay in a hotel on a hill top in Kandy city and wake up before sunrise. The quiet and the cooling morning air, once filled with the signing of birds   and the sound of rustling leaves   is now rattled by the clamoring of loud speakers from North, South, East and West, masquerading a religious war.

*VP, Institute of Quality and Productivity Management, Member of the Forum and Executive Council of Organization of Professional Associations in Sri Lanka – OPA

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  • 0
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    Upali GaneKumbura. YOur theory is applicable for people with your mind who believes in the creator and creations, matter and reasoning. but, we belive a different way. Unlike your way, we can make you understnad that you are wrong and we correct. WE know our culture and civilization. Singapore is a city state (hong kong, Sri lankan Tamils, Kuwait etc.) that British built because that helped them. simply no point of arguong. sinhala buddhists have ot protect their civilization. Sinhala buddhist culture is highly spoiled and tainted. IT is just like, what I heard, that was during when Portugeuse were ransacking the country just behaving like animals.

  • 1
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    Why don’t you explain why so many mosques are attacked in the Britian, why German, I think, do not allow churches going bankrupt to be bopught by moslims. Instread they demolish it. Why attacks on muslims , mosque attacks are prevalent in the western christian/catholic world. Use your own reasoning. Do you know, I know even the Allahs and christian/Catholics gods they support buddhists too. Do you believe. There is no almighty.

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    The answer to fundamental question is there is no way to make peaces with Middle eastern religions. See how Jews are trying to make peace with christians/Catholics and muslims. So do you think christians and Muslims allow Asian religion to survive. so, the best option is Some buddhists have to be political and you can name it as sinhala buddhists, Myanmar buddhists. there is another problems, there is a competition in Asia by both the muclims, christians and catholics. So, Sri lanka, Myanmar, thailand etc., have and had problems. Mongolia and some parts of South Korea, I think even vietnam are sturggling to face the life as the Creator’s messengers taught them new life which they are not used. Read and see. anatomical analysis based reasoning do not work here.

  • 0
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    IT is Good you mentiond the silent war in Mahanuwara. What I learned is in every buddhist cities in Sri lanka, muslims are fighting to over. Dambulla, anuradhapura, Mahiyangana, Kataragama, Kalutara, Palmadulla and there so many areas that they try to dominated by building mosuqes and settling muslims. I think they pay even sinhala politicians to make them silent. I heard Maithripala sirisena’s son’s girl friend, I heard to be muslim. what about R Pemadasa, evangelists. A

  • 11
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    Jim Softy , Learn to love We are all humans . Haven’t you learnt anything from the recent riots. Didn’t you what the Portugese did. Majority of the Portugese are good people likewise the Sinhalese. Now sit and analyse where you belong.

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      This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

    • 5
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      roy

      ” Learn to love We are all humans .”

      Jim softy and learning don’t mix.
      Jim softy and love don’t mix
      Jim softy is the son of absentee father.
      Jim softy hears all sorts of voices in his head.
      Jim softy sits on his brain.

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        NAtive Vedda: You are very smart guy. but lost.

    • 0
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      you are comparing Ela haraka with Mee haraka. Do yopu under stand it.

  • 1
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    By distruction alone can not capture the mind of people, it is the goddy bag which interests most common people, so what do the old religions have in the goddy bags… , new religions must be having some thing most people are lookingfor..

    See Potugal tried to convert Sri Lankans to Cathalics, when they left Sri Lanka most of them went back to their orginal religion since cathalic religion was not sexy or convincing the Sri Lankans to continue..

    Jim are you worried that Buddiest religion will be no longer sexy or idea’s are not convincing our citizens… I am sure in the future if more sexy religion comes up than Buddhiest then your anchesters in the future will not no longer be Buddhiest…

    Jim the Buddiest religion we follow and practices are not the same as the way our forfathers did..

    Jim why are you going with trousers, why dont you follow our old tradition, even our clothing, eating habits and education has changed. Do you relay want the clock to stop ?

    I dont think the Islam in the future will be the same as what our muslims friends are following in Sri Lanka, it too will change… even maginalised…

    What is the final solution ?, do any one know ? will Sri Lanka be the same in 10 000 years to come ?

  • 0
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    jim
    Sonia Gandhi is an Indian politician of Italian descent. A member of the Nehru–Gandhi family, she is a former president of the Indian National Congress, Roman Catholic family. is that all indian are converted.

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      RBH: You guys got Indira Gandhi married to a muslims. So, Nehru did not like her very much. tht is how you wanted to fix Hindia. Unlike Mahavamsa Mindset of Sinhala Buddhists, their DESI life style prevented th full islamization. You talk like a Cabinet minister.

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    Humans created God, gave human figure and then human attributes like love/hate/anger and susceptibility to bribes and the like.
    Baruch Spinoza, considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy in a lighter vein suggested “Had humans been triangular, the Gods would have been triangular”.
    Let us not forget that Prince Siddhartha saw the evil of superstation and he renounced all worldly possessions.
    .
    Thank you Upali Gamakumara for the “Origin Of Religion & Extremism”.
    How many of our 225 MPs subscribe the views expressed?

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    This guy is another paid coolie propagandist, but utterly confused of everything read or learned. Spelling and grammatical mistakes suggest hurried concocted theory, only a bank for the bucks, without research or editing. Most of the comments typed up here surpasses in editing quality than this essay. We have seen many different propagandist, from the ranging of Nagananda who appeared for man who attempted to bring massive amount of currency notes, through Chandra, who envy and compare his professional knowledge to Mahendran, Rohan Gunaratna, Sara Dissanayake, Lasksiri Fernando, Thero De Silva…….Their common approach is, they start with attacking LTTE, unconnectedly through their discipline and end with “The world needs to know that Tamils are essentially, by religion and Language LTTE, a terrorist Organization”. They massively exploit the ignorant Sinhala mass, including confusing them that there exist and not existing a “Wanda Pethi”(beat the both sides of Miridungam). They, from sociology through sociology, medicine, economics, finance to politics, fool this Modaya crowd, on both ways (“Yes” and “no”) with little what they learned, while they lack understanding of whatever the tittle learned. They observed the Modaya crowd is easily relenting to infuse religious racisms, so they adulterate the science and infuse it too with racism to manipulate. This guy is trying to brain wash Hindus and Muslims religious people that their religions are fake, while him believing the in Buddhism and not ready to write one sentence about the Kandy Ayatollahs like A. T. Kovoor or Anna or Periyar wrote about Madathipathies & Hinduisms’ fallacies. His hope is if he successfully spread the disbelieve in God to Muslims and Hindus, the agitating & agonizing 20,000 army of the Kandy Ayatollahs will easily finish converting them. The rope he hangs on is, he neither atheist, nor Buddhism is a god beveling religion.

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    So LTTE will come into every aspect of their discipline they browed, but they never go far back enough to start to explain why the poor Indian coolies working here in the cruel mountain landscape for one and half centuries has to be deported. Their faculty doesn’t explain that subject, but only how LTTE and Tamils are terrorists.

    We have seen these types of materials many times in CT and other media. This guy uses religion, Philosophy and God as synonyms. So he is cutting and pasting all what he read without understanding or without practically applying that to a situation and enhancing his knowledge of the worthiness or appropriateness of it.

    These OPA and other Sinhala Professional Bodies only purpose of existing in Lankawe is to promote Sinhala Only and the promote the behavior of loot and eat. These are the Bodies promoted SWRD’s Sinhala Only. Kodeeswaran’ Tamil clerical Servants union was the leader, in those who responded to Sinhala Only from Tamils side. Many may remember recently SAITM students went to ask Son Prince to save their school. After all, SAITM was Old Royals’ Creation. He responded “Friends, SAITM is the one we plan to use for come back to power”. While Tamil Clerical Servants Union was losing their fight, there another professional union experienced a complete suppression. That union was not big like clerical service union (That time was only few hinders). But unlike the clerical service which had at the 1950s and 1960s few Sinhalese staffs, there were only five Sinhalese and the entire rest of the army was only Tamils ( at start of 1960s). So naturally the most ignored government service in all hospital was that profession. Like all professionals they too had their grievances and their president, secretary, treasurer all Tamils approached the health minister to their need. The Sinhala Minister repeated sends them out of the office.

    Later this Tamils only profession’s union elected a Sinhala President, a Sinhala Secretary, and treasurer out of those only five Sinhalese.

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    Then the minister well received the new leaders, but later they worked get Tamils go out of that profession too. We know what the OPA stand for. Even Brother Prince has formed new professional organization to take save the country in addition to the official OPA.

    The entire known history of racism in Lankawe was Tamils Vs Sinhalese. But, with all other propaganda, IC was fed as it was only religious fight. There were communal violence between religions, even with both races’ castes. But the Muslims- Buddhists riots, after the Mother of all riots, the 1915 one, it started only from Aluthgama by Old Royals.
    ” Extremist leaders exploit this weakness to their advantage. Leaders in Crusade, Nazi, Camerouch, LTTE, Al Kaida and similar others “
    He is comparing LTTE with Al-Qaeda. But all knows LTTE with its Dravidians Philosophy, essentially secular administration, leaders mainly atheist. All knows he is trying to pitch on Jaffna Muslims evacuation, it was not a religious purification, but it was a military operation. He was very careful to not to bring in Kurdish fighters, or PLO they who are religion based.

    Though the writing suggest he was hired to prove the “LTTE is a terrorist organization” to IC, his nature is not anti-Hindu as much as his anti-Islam or even anti- Christianity hates. That doesn’t save Tamils or Hindus from his racial propaganda to psychologically penetrating though the religion.

    Apparently this guy is pretending like an Industrial phycologist, misapplying what he learned.
    Before we go into his bogus explanation, one must remember the Hindus saying, “If a man is honestly an atheist, he is a real Hindu”. Thus the religion practitioners propose that all believers are only another branch of Hinduism.

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    Religion is not an instinct behavior as the guy trying to portray; it is only a learned behavior. Religions’ birth, not the sustainability of the sophisticated, academic modern religions, but of the crude and ignorant form of old ones – and assumed by them as existed, is explained by some writers as the existence of fear in human beings. Though fear is present in the minds of all higher species, the religion is not with them because the educational or academic learning is not with them, but though practical learning is still there. The modern days religions are academic studies, offering degrees beyond PhDs, do not depend on fear to sustain or spread them. There are some sentences cited from scripts of some religions as God’s words saying who fails to speared their religion will earn sin. They are immaterial for our comment. At least it is not in Buddhism, which this guy is trying to spread with his subliminal psychological messages. The main parts of the modern religions are about gods, but the core part of Hinduism is, it does not define a god and Buddhism does not recognize a god. So, fearing and praying god is not these religions’ core elements. (Further, Buddhism Philosophies of these days are not from Buddha, but developed by Monks about 150 years after Buddha; they lived with nature in North Indian Mountains, away from the protection of the metropolitan towns. So the main canonical material doesn’t refer to fear of nature. They teach not to worry about life, because, as the flight and fight solution to the worries of life, they walked away from it.)

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    The birth of “receiving Nirvana” wish is in Indus Valley Religion, IVR (the non-religion religion; here after we will call it as “IVR” – to avoid referring with in parallel to other religions.) Nirvana is not a solution to fear for anything, but as goal of life. It is not a Wanda Pethi or protection solution for anything. This is the basic foundation of the modern, academic religions called Hinduism and Buddhism. This originated between 7000-3000 BCE. That time, the highly present tranquility in the urban side human life style, multiplied ability of transcending nature of the Human being and they found out the ultimate end of the transcending. These transcend-ors, by their cool nature, collected knowledge of the material world (physics) and explained to the people wanted solutions for that life, too. Transcending is visibly present in all higher species. But the extreme form, like in Ramakrishna, who falls down by uncontrollable transcending while walking, is extremely uncommon. It is from them we the Hindu and Buddhists religions, learned the goal seeking idea of nirvana,. I do not know how, when & where this eventually embedded in to “boon_asking_from_God”, which is a part in current Hindu-Buddhist form of religions too. But the original part (seeking nirvana- not asking boon) is still sustained, even though our transcending ability is not even 1/1 million of them, only by our devotion and love. In English here is only one word “love” is there. But Sanskrit and Tamil have many words in that area. These words well go above and beyond the hormonal sex feeling or compassions which are body feeling. Anpu, Balthi are humanistic cultivated mind feelings(less of body reaction), not related to Kaathal, preamai or English word” love” which stem from sexual need aroused by hormones.

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    Transcending cannot be learned academically. But the transcend-ors tried to teach the commons to recreate the tranquility they were enjoying out away from metropolitan area. Some of the ritual in the Hinduism and Buddhism are these teaching, which attempt to create tranquility-wilderness with in the hyperactive metropolitan life. This easily got associated with the rituals of the “boon asking from god by fear”. Industrial psychology leaners have no chance of learning these religious parts, so they clap with only one hand and hope to make noise.
    The end is, they are easy coolies to be purchased by political maneuvers, who like to put forward something as modern medicine or “Vonder Beheth”. So these psychological vonder beheth are used to brainwash in turn the Modayas, those are bored by old fashioned political racism. The need for this became clear when in the last election, Modayas voted back to Old Royals sponsored Slap Party, Whom they chased only in August 20015. Because the Modaya mass is now disenchanted and confused by the 70 years of racist propaganda of the ones like the writer, the Sinhala Political Intellectuals, the nastiest specie appeared on the earth ever, they vainly attempting new, new owns.

  • 0
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    Religions are mostly divisive and being manipulated by politicians and outside mischief makers. If we do without it then we will have a stable country. We must have a secular set up like UK where most want to live.

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      Religions are only for soul searching. When they used as political tool, they fail to deliver the intended result. Religions are used divide by politicians, but themselves, they are not – they cannot. Buddha never told his disciples to sit on the best sofa, travel on the Benz, chew the Pakistani sweet Beeda then keep shouting on the loudspeakers, Buddham Sharanam Gachchami ….. …… He left the palace and he asked his son to do that too. The Monks who created Buddhism from the Buddha’s Hindu teaching are ones elevated few uncharacteristic chaffs to high respect. Because some problem existing in Lankawe, then matching it with world’s other unrelated incidences and forming idea of “mother is right, it is the religion is dividing” is, as the author says, imbecile. Lankawe racism started deporting the poorest people of the land, but who were feeding the lazy elites. What this has to do with religion?
      The hat and burqa wearing Mondays, themselves created the difference of them as “Arabian Muslims Living in Lankawe” . This refereed in Tamil as “Pollu Kuduthu Addi Vaankirathu”.(bringing stick to get beaten up). Don Stephens’s free gift to the leaders of “Arabian Muslims Living Lankawe” for supporting Indian Pakistani Citizenship act, the MMDA, has allured the fate of Muslims into this misery. The Hat and Burqa wearing Modayas invented this religious difference for their demise, rather than this was created by Arrack and Biriyani eating Sinhala Buddhist Modayas.
      One sided crooks (Old Royals) seeing no Tamils to use for voting, they used Muslims. They used the Muslims this time for election victory celebration.
      The other side crooks (like the author), seeing this election winning technique is going to be to the advantages of the Tamils at international level, they are connecting LTTE to Al-Qaeda, and bringing rabbit out of magicians’ hat’s connecting it with Sinhala Buddhism and postulating theories of how Religion started.

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      So, the only purpose of the essay is to fool IC and make them to believe the Sinhalese-Muslim riots was created by LTTE, by matching the LTTE to Al-Qaeda. This theory was not coming forth when 150,000 Tamils were killed in five months. That time it was only Humanitarian Rescue Mission Operation with Zero Casualty. They come out with these unfounded theories, thinking everybody reading those is fool with only for one purpose, i.e to ool the IC.
      Even though Faiszer Mustapha, Hakeem, Hezbollah et al struggled their best to hide from the eyes of IC of what happened to Kandy Muslims, UNHRC HC’s Prince Zeid’s statement has explicitly stated that while Lankawe did not attend to the promises to Tamils, there now even Muslims are getting beaten up. That is where the need for his theory arose.

      The theory is saying when man was just above to animals, got scared, invented invisible one man army god to guard them. Well whether it is right or wrong, it was when man was ignorant, so anything would happened. But today’s man is not ignorant. He knows if he makes a faulty logic Manhattan Island won’t stand that tall, but will crumple down; when he launches the atomic missile it will boomerang and hit the launching pad. When the man has grown up so high in science, why nincompoop author like psychologists, still blaming the poor old Mother, but stubbornly standing refused to grow up? The current academicals religions are offering much above these psychologists can assimilate. The truth, all the professional have grown up in science a lot, but this type of psychologist are still blaming mothers and writing their master pieces for a sip of arrack and a parcel of Biriyani.

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    Mallaiyuran: the topic is Religeon and the extremism, not the crap you mentioned when did it originate and why LTTE got killed in Gon Kalapuwa etc.,. Religeon is part of life,.Gorbachov like people experienced how his country became disoriented because of the lack or religion. Anyway, We got rid of LTTE at Gon Kalapuwa because it was religion versus our own existence. Sinhala people are used to go to that extreme so many times during the past recent and ancient history. Remember. Raja Raja Cholen ran away from our country.

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    “Writer’s opinion is that we should make Sri Lanka a secular country, not the way some Western countries practice it.” That I agree with.UG a good insight into beliefs. One needs to be intellect and unbiased to understand the contents.
    You have not empathized on who and where is god. It is a bit too much to discus in this forum but personally, there is no evidence of the existence of god anywhere. However deciphering the theories and concepts, the ‘god particle’ argument comes closer to an answer. However god cannot be an individual, but a programmed system which is closer to the nature. I wonder whether the we could choose energy of all forms to be the god, because matter is made from energy, and the entire universe is a system functioning as a system of energy, and it conforms to laws of nature. All forms of life is part of this energy. Death of living individuals is converted to elements of energy and matter again allowing genes to succeed a continuance to adapt life forms to comply with changing atmosphere.. and so on. Food for thought.

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    Main allocation against Muslims is not regarding wealth but increasing their population. Isn’t it the fault if the Buddhist. misogyny, make dominance towards women, not giving equal rights to women. Since this is the accepted attitude in closed associated like Muslims, this practice is amplified. Allowing to marry at age 13 almost a child, obviously they produce more children. No laws against marital rape, men force women to have children they don’t like. Imagine the burden women will have to undergo carrying a child for 9 months, and have 10 children. Cows have better rights than Muslim women. Abortion is against law, marital rape women have no option than having the baby. Well then you may ask what about the rights of men, when they want a release and his woman want a rest that day. Well, prostitution is banned, phonograph is illegal, what can he do
    So these are all problems created by ourselves. We need to think straight, not accept religion blindly.

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    Following is my humble answer to all comments. Feel sorry for the Ad Hominem Fallacy of some comments.

    A Song by Mother Nature on Ethnic Conflicts

    [edited out]

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