29 September, 2020

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Progressive & Regressive Cultures In The Age Of Globalisation

By Kumar David

Prof. Kumar David

Prof. Kumar David

Progressive and regressive cultures in the age of globalisation: Technical and cultural modernism in China

Is it a paradox that old and strong cultures can confidently absorb modernity with sang-froid, but less secure ones panic when threatened by the onward sweep of the contemporary world? No, I think it is not a paradox but to be expected. Post-revolutionary China engaged with and then amended (purists will say mutilated) Marx; then the “communist” State managed, used, and abused, the tenets of market capitalism without a care for its promises of democracy. Now it is begetting a hundreds-of-millions strong middle-class and transmuting into the next first rank global superpower.

This is all well-known and oft hyped, but I want to veer tangentially to mull over the cultural side. Culture and technology merge closer now than in previous epochs since the latter is no longer gadgets and skills; in modern times, technology is ineluctably global. To be at the cutting edge is to be meshed in global supply chains; one cannot write amazing code, create silicon chips of astonishing capability, or add 1000MW of power a week to the grid, without interacting, exchanging, penetrating and being invaded by the best and brightest of all the world.

In days of yore the Red Indian procured guns from the white man but preserved his way of life, the Meiji Revolution dodged the penetration of Japan by foreign culture, and the classic example is Peter the Great who modernised Russia into an industrial nation, but sans a social or intellectual revolution matching Western Europe. But this is what is no longer possible; what cannot be done any more is to modernise without going global, not in technology and economy alone, but also in culture and ethos. Late Twentieth Century South Korea and Taiwan are small illustrations (the city states of Singapore and Hong Kong are irrelevantly tiny) but the awakening sleeping giant has settled the issue incontrovertibly and in addition shown the way to his brother giant on the other side of the Himalayas.

Self-confidence of big or older cultures

In school we were taught that China is the oldest unbroken civilisation – the much older Mesopotamia and Egypt were destroyed along the way; so were the later Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa but the contemporaneous Yellow River (Huang-He) ‘cradle of Chinese civilisation’ survived. Historical resilience over 5000 years is a factor that makes modern China culturally robust, another is population size, a third the cultural and ideological admixing that the Chinese Revolution stirred into the pot. I stake no claim to scholarly authority in such matters, but the contingent modernism is palpably real. Technological hunger is stark – there are hundreds of thousands of Chinese students in US universities and colleges, but there is also a cultural and linguistic openness of which people in Lanka may be unaware of. The number in China, who will be able to speak a modest amount of English, say within a decade, will exceed the population of the United Kingdom.

Students of classical music, which our ignorant lot with heads buried in nationalism call Western music, learning the piano in China is 50 million! Yes that’s right 50 million, mostly young, learning the piano and close to a million pianos sold each year. In proportion this is like a million students and sales of 20,000 pianos a year in Lanka. Oh no don’t say it’s to do with money in the pockets of a rising middle-class (I will soon tell you the story of Lang Lang); it is to do with cultural self-confidence. This is not unique to China; it is in South Korea and Japan too. (India’s nexus with the Raj, the English language and Western education and culture, is a special one that tells a different story, so I will quote no examples from there). To press my case, of the 84 contestants chosen for the first round of the 2015 Chopin International Piano Competition in Warsaw, the largest contingents are from China and Chopin’s Poland -15 each; next 12 from Japan, 9 from Korea, 7 from Russia, 5 from the United States, and 3 each from Canada, Great Britain and Italy. This says it all. [To follow the competition online from 1 to 20 October 2015, go to chopincompetition2015.com]

Thirty three years old today, 14 June, Lang Lang (郎朗 pronounced lung-lung; think of your lungs) exploded on the stage 15 years ago taking concert audiences across the world by storm, but the relevance of this for this essay is that his father was a factory-hand who cycled to work in below freezing Shenyang in North East China. Recognising Lang’s talent, father gave up work and took the prodigy to Beijing were they lived in a slum, three families sharing one toilet. Mother stayed at home and worked to feed father and son; it was a period of hardship. This is not a unique story, many of the talented lowly in China benefit from the pervasive cultural openness. Xenophobia which killed off such an option in Lanka was a fortification behind which small minds erected primitive nationalisms.

Let me continue the Lang Lang story for the sake of the interested. First at the entrance exam to the prestigious Beijing Conservatory of Music, he won the 1996 Tokyo Tchaikovsky Competition for Young Musicians at age 13, played before an audience of 8000 in 2001 at the Great Hall of the People, and was seen on TV by one billion at the opening of the 2008 Beijing Olympics. Lang has played at all the world’s great concert halls and before Queen Elizabeth, Obama and Hu Jinto at the White House, in Stockholm at a Nobel Prize Concert, and for Ban Ki Moon as a Messenger of Peace. He is a delight, full of verve and passion, but hated by crotchety old fogies, dour, astringent and petrified, unable to fathom that something new is igniting on the classical music scene and capturing millions. Perhaps the next ten years will adjudge whether Lang Lang will ascend to the eminence of immortal pianists alongside Horowitz, Rubinstein and Richter; remember, many are called, only a few are chosen. (Watch https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=adQwsx5J7lQ for a sparkling rendition of Chopin’s Grande Polonaise Brillante, 14 minutes of full blooded showmanship at the Albert Hall: (Next door to my old school to boot!)

Nor is this an isolated instance. Li Yun-di (李雲迪) five months younger than Lang, now domiciled in Hong Kong, was born to workers from an iron and steel factory in Chongqing, Sichuan Province. In 2000 at age 18 he was the first pianist in 15 years at the International Warsaw Chopin Competition to be awarded the First Prize and the youngest winner in the competition’s history. Li is a Chopin and Liszt specialist; lacking Lang’s irrepressible flair he has not erupted like a volcano on the international stage, but this choice of composers testifies to his consummate (some say superior) technical skill.

There is an awful edge to this story; openness is not permitted beyond the performing arts, sports and gymnastics all of which are unsuited to conveying a political message. But with films and writing, the state clamps down hard; no great artist in these domains can fail to carry a message that is beyond praising the Great Helmsman or a paean to how much Stalin loved the people. Even the most non-political of great writers and film makers cannot avoid involuntary portrayal of social conditions, what people feel in life and say in conversation; it creeps out. Then it may not be the grand prize but a prison term. The meteoric rise of Chinese pianists to world fame, while writers and filmmakers are strictly confined, tells a story of triumph and tragedy. Unleashing private property power does not create a just or equal society; nor does a one-party state deliver a politically free society.

Obsessive fear of smaller and later cultures

In tail-between-the-legs primitive nationalisms like ours we encounter regression from the outside world. Another example, Jihadism (observe I do not say Islam), is a crude and atavistic regression into manic brutality. The core of 1956 was an understandable inferiority complex of those denied an opportunity to learn and excel in international cultural, technological and material contexts. I say understandable because the rage of the subjugated creature in an unequal world is natural.

Cultures, small in magnitude, or light in achievement, fear inundation when exposed to competition in open spaces; they risk erasure of their coveted heritages. The response is a faked up cultural ego and a sham id of nationalist pride. The ancient civilisation of Lanka reaches back to about the Third Century BC, a kind of global adolescent, and survives in a small island-setting. Does this factor subliminally to make our nationalist champions narrow minded? It may account for the mental insularity whose high costs society as a whole has paid.

The sense of inferiority that marks the ideology of jihadism is fired by the exploitation of centuries of colonialism, but it also has deep cultural roots. Revolt against a century of exploitation is its rational content, the desire to erase everything prior to or separate from Islam is its pernicious side. ISIL, or ISIS, is among other things, a manifestation of psychological neurosis. Chopping heads and hands and slaughtering those who want to educate women or eliminate polio is all in a day’s work for jihadists, but vandalising humanity’s cultural treasures is a different kind of psychosis. In 387 BC, Gallic chieftain Brennus, after defeating the Roman armies did not lay waste Rome’s cultural heritage, instead he settled for ransom in gold. Eight hundred years later, at the end of its glory after the capital of the empire had moved to Constantinople, Rome fell again (410 AD) to Alaric the Goth; but the sack was restrained. There was no senseless slaughter; valuables were looted but monuments and buildings left intact. And the Vandal sack in 455 AD has been called “relatively clean” (sic!)

Twentieth and Twenty-first Century jihadism is more barbarian than benchmark barbarians, Gauls, Goths and Vandals. The reason; it is charged-up by something else, religious fervour (cultural extremism) that carries with it a neurotic inferiority complex against all things predating Islam. Remember the fate of the Bamiyan Buddha statues courtesy the Taleban? Now 4000 year old Palmyra, first of Assyrian (2000BC), then of Seleucid (from 217BC) and eventually of Roman (after 14BC) glory, awaits its fate at the hands of a new genus of barbarians.

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  • 2
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    Prof. Kumar David

    Jihadiism, Sinhala Buddhism, Christian Fundamentalism, Hundu Fundamatalism, Fall into the Above Category..

    “In tail-between-the-legs primitive nationalisms like ours we encounter regression from the outside world. Another example, Jihadism (observe I do not say Islam), is a crude and atavistic regression into manic brutality. The core of 1956 was an understandable inferiority complex of those denied an opportunity to learn and excel in international cultural, technological and material contexts. I say understandable because the rage of the subjugated creature in an unequal world is natural.”

    The Behavior of those who control these cultures are like that of not pretty women, when confronted by pretty women. They know they are not as pretty, inferior and have a hard time coping with the new pretty women.

    This phenomenon can be seen when a man, gets a new girlfriend and uly9mstely leaves the old wife, who know she can’t compete against the younger pretty wife, Karma?

    The New Barbarians, the Jihadis or Iblisis, who Follow Inlis, Devil , Satan

    Example: Iblis State of Iraq and Syria, ISIS.

    “Twentieth and Twenty-first Century jihadism is more barbarian than benchmark barbarians, Gauls, Goths and Vandals. The reason; it is charged-up by something else, religious fervour (cultural extremism) that carries with it a neurotic inferiority complex against all things predating Islam. Remember the fate of the Bamiyan Buddha statues courtesy the Taleban? Now 4000 year old Palmyra, first of Assyrian (2000BC), then of Seleucid (from 217BC) and eventually of Roman (after 14BC) glory, awaits its fate at the hands of a new genus of barbarians.”

    Scholar from al-Azhar: Wahhabism is a Satanic Faith, the Horn of the Devil that Muhammad Predicted

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ufxTUFapy1w

    Published on Jun 2, 2013
    Yusri Rushdi al-Sayyid Jabr al-Husni, a Sunni Muslim religious scholar from the world’s oldest and most prestigious Islamic school, the Honorable al-Azhar, has stated that Wahhabis who are also known by other names such as Salafis, Najdis, and Horners, are in fact the Horn of the Devil, a term used by the prophet Muhammad in reference to a satanic faith that shall come out of Najd (Saudi Arabia).

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      A quick correction to Kumar David. Indian civilization had its antecedents in the Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa cultures and is one of three oldest unbroken civilisations – the other two being China and the Jews/Hebrews. Historical resilience over 5000 years is a factor that makes all three cultures robust, despite their real contemporary shortcomings. The Mohenjo-Daro era continues to define modern India. It goes back to 2,200 BC. Abraham, the father of Israel, is dated to 1800 BC. The earliest verified Chinese dynasty – the Shang is dated to 1500 BC. To therefore call China the oldest surviving civilisation is incorrect.

  • 17
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    I like this article. Lets talk of a regressive culture by reference to the Quran.

    Here are Quranic Verses.

    (i) Fight against them until idolatry is no more and Allah’s religion reigns supreme (chapter 2 verse 193). (ii) I shall cast terror into the hearts of the infidels. Strike off their heads, maim them in every limb (chapter 8, verse 12) (iii) Believers! make war on the infidels who dwell around you. Let them find harshness in you. (chapter 9, verse 123) (iv) Fighting is obligatory for you, much as you dislike it. But you may hate a thing although it is good for you, and love a thing although it is bad for you. Allah knows, but you do not. (chapter 2, verse 216) (v) O ye who believe! Take not the Jews and Christians for friends. They are friends one to another. He among you who taketh them for friends is one of them. (chapter 5, verse 51). (vi) When you meet the unbelievers in the battlefield, strike off their heads and when you have laid them low, bind your captives firmly. Then grant them their freedom or take ransom from them, until war shall lay down her armor. (chapter 47, verse 4) (vii) Prophet! make war on the unbelievers and the hyporcrites and deal sternly with them. Hell shall be their home, evil their fate (chapter 66, verse 9) (viii) Do not yield to the unbelievers, but fight them strenuously with this Koran. (chapter 25, verse 52). (ix) The unbelievers among the people of the book (i.e. Jews and Christians) and the pagans shall burn for ever in the fire of hell. They are the vilest of creatures (chapter 98, verse 51). (x) When the sacred months are over, slay the idol worshippers wherever you find them. Arrest them, besiege them, and lie in ambush everythere for them. If they repent and take to prayer and pay the alms tax, let them go their way. Allah is forgiving and merciful. (chapter 9 verse 5)

    • 15
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      The Sri Lankan nation owes a debt of gratitude to Naomali de Silva for exposing the very basis of violent, evil Isamism that is plaguing the world.

      Inspired by such a violent evil belief system, they – Islamist activists like Rauf Hakeem and Bathiurdeen – keep throwing mud at the most civilised, peaceful philosophy of Buddhism.

      Islamists keep blaming Buddhism for the Burmese issue involving the Bangladeshi Rhongias. In Sri Lanka, they are complaining of Buddhist “racism” against them and “persecution” they allegedly face from Sri Lankan Buddhists. This is while they control all trade, real estate in Colombo, Galle and Kandy.

      The secrets revealed by Naomali de Silva shows the superiority of Buddhism against this “Mlechcha” stupid belief system.

      They should all convert to Buddhism -after serious training – for a peaceful world!

      • 2
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        Slayer

        “The secrets revealed by Naomali de Silva shows the superiority of Buddhism against this “Mlechcha” stupid belief system. “
        “They should all convert to Buddhism -after serious training – for a peaceful world!”

        Why is it that there are hardly ant Tamil Buddhists in Sri Lanka, whereas there are many Tamil Buddhists in Tamil Nadu? Did Buddha Banned Tamils being Buddhists? Buddhaghosa?

        Is Journalism a Process of Truth or a Process of Deception, when Applied to politics and Religion?

        1. So, you want to retrain those who were brainwashed by the Religious Nuts and politicians? First check their IQs and good luck.

        Those Who Voted for Mahinda rajapaksa have an average IQ of 65, and those who voted for the Common candidate 93.

        2. The Christian Fundamentalist are actively Converting The Sinhala Buddhist, Tamil Hindus and even the peAceful Sri Lankan Catholics to christian fundamentalism, and going in demonstrations in support of Israeli atrocities, claiming that Fof hem the right to do that.

        The Bible allows rape, slavery, the sex trade, and murder!

        http://www.answering-christianity.com/sami_zaatri/book_with_no_limits.htm

        3. Christopher Hitchens Owns the Catholic Church (Extended Version) +Q&A+SPOILER

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GFbFK7ZB1c

        4. What about the Lies and Deception in Dipawnsa and Mahawansa?

      • 1
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        Naomali de Silva and Slayer

        “The secrets revealed by Naomali de Silva shows the superiority of Buddhism against this “Mlechcha” stupid belief system. They should all convert to Buddhism -after serious training – for a peaceful world!”

        In Journalism ( and research) Truth is a process. Get the Truth and make your Choice. Be Truthful to yourself. Do Not believe all what the Church and Joshua says..

        Certainly, Buddhism is far more “Advanced” than the “Abrahamic Concept”, but Buddhism and Hinduism have their Faults. Why are the Buddhists and Hindus Converting to the other “religions”?

        Christianity is False and Immoral. (Christopher Hitchens)

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HA55jGyq2C8

        Buddhism The Great Part 1

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNOfTGSADdY

        Buddhism The Great – Part 2

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=clcs2PSze0I

      • 1
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        “The secrets revealed by Naomali de Silva shows the superiority of Buddhism against this “Mlechcha” stupid belief system.”

        An interesting secret is how de Silva was caught at a swingers party in Saudi Arabia, tried, convicted, lashed, and repatriated to Sri Lanka.

        Must be a really brain-dead specimen. Otherwise how can this sentence be explained?

        Quote: I like this article. Lets talk of a regressive culture by reference to the Quran. Unquote.

    • 2
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      Naomali de Silva

      “I like this article. Lets talk of a regressive culture by reference to the Quran”

      CT says, in Journalism Truth is a Process… let us learn to call a Spade, a Spade. Does the Sun go around the stationary Earth as claimed by the ancients and the Church, or just an illusion?

      Why Restrict to the Quran? The history is fill of them, from Hinduism, from Buddhism, from Judaism. Christianity and perhaps from many other cultures, including of course Sinhala Buddhism.

      They differ in Degree only. Specific examples, but not comprehensive.

      1. Christopher Hitchens Owns the Catholic Church (Extended Version) +Q&A+SPOILER

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8GFbFK7ZB1c

      2. The Bible allows rape, slavery, the sex trade, and murder!

      http://www.answering-christianity.com/sami_zaatri/book_with_no_limits.htm

      Judges 21: 10- 24 :

      So they sent twelve thousand warriors to Jabesh-gilead with orders to kill everyone there, including women and children. “This is what you are to do,” they said. “Completely destroy all the males and every woman who is not a virgin.” Among the residents of Jabesh-gilead they found four hundred young virgins who had never slept with a man, and they brought them to the camp at Shiloh in the land of Canaan.

      3. 10 Biblical Scriptures That Sanction Slavery, Rape, and Genocide

      http://atlantablackstar.com/2014/04/30/10-biblical-scriptures-that-sanction-slavery-rape-and-genocide/

      A Good Slave is a Good Christian
      “Slaves, obey your earthly masters with respect and fear, and with sincerity of heart, just as you would obey Christ.” (Peter 2:18: )

      4. Giordano Bruno
      https://en.wikipedia.org/?title=Giordano_Bruno

      Imprisonment, trial and execution, 1593–1600
      During the seven years of his trial in Rome, Bruno was held in confinement, lastly in the Tower of Nona. Some important documents about the trial are lost, but others have been preserved, among them a summary of the proceedings that was rediscovered in 1940.[27] The numerous charges against Bruno, based on some of his books as well as on witness accounts,

      included blasphemy, immoral conduct, and heresy in matters of dogmatic theology, and involved some of the basic doctrines of his philosophy and cosmology. Luigi Firpo lists these charges made against Bruno by the Roman Inquisition:[28]

      holding opinions contrary to the Catholic faith and speaking against it and its ministers;

      holding opinions contrary to the Catholic faith about the Trinity, divinity of Christ, and Incarnation;

      holding opinions contrary to the Catholic faith pertaining to Jesus as Christ;
      holding opinions contrary to the Catholic faith regarding the virginity of Mary, mother of Jesus;

      holding opinions contrary to the Catholic faith about both Transubstantiation and Mass;

      claiming the existence of a plurality of worlds and their eternity;
      believing in metempsychosis and in the transmigration of the human soul into brutes;

      dealing in magics and divination.

      5. Read Dipawansa and Mahawansa, and as to how they refer to non-Sinhala and later non-Sinhala Buddhists. Nor much different from Jews, Christians, Wahhabis ( not particularly Muslims), and Catholics.. Listen to chris Hitchens Video.

      • 1
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        Naomali de Silva and Slayer,

        Alternative Viewpoints for those who are Brainwashed…

        In Journalism and research , truth is a process…

        The Sun Going around the Earth….

        The Evolution….of Man The 26 and 48 Chromosomes…

        Ken Miller on Human Evolution

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zi8FfMBYCkk

        Alternate Views

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nhzyPHih4fQ

        • 1
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          Amare

          You are wasting your time writing responses to Slayer and de Silva.

          Slayer is a coolie writer getting paid by the Zionist propaganda machine and de Silva is brain dead after over-washing.

          But let them carry on! Have fun watching them screw themselves.

          • 0
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            Funlover

            “You are wasting your time writing responses to Slayer and de Silva.”

            Thanks for the info.

            Well, it was very clear, but now and then it will be good to show that they are brainwashed idiots.

      • 1
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        “Why Restrict to the Quran?”

        That is because there was a royal messup while de Silva was participating at an orgy in Saudi Arabia. Arrested, convicted and repatriated for ‘having sex outside marriage’.

      • 0
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        You have overlooked making an honorable mention about the homosexual womanizing saffrons. Please rectify.

        • 1
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          Yes,we can “rectify” Funlover if we catch him at the embassy hideout!

    • 1
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      Naomali de Silva

      “If they repent and take to prayer and pay the alms tax, let them go their way. Allah is forgiving and merciful. (chapter 9 verse 5)”

      Sri Lanka Army and LTTE Rebels, may 8, 2009.

      War Crimes Evidence – execution of Ramesh by the sri lankan army – 22 may 2009

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wvJbMCRLcEw

  • 6
    1

    Even in the field of documentary film making a break through has been made with ‘Dheepan’ , a French film where the three main characters speak Tamil. It was the top award winner in the Cannes International Film Festival this year. I wonder how many non- Tamils in Sri Lanka are aware of this fact, let alone being appreciative of same because of the in-built communal attitudes?

    Sengodan. M

  • 4
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    There was a time when the term ‘History’ in English referred essentially to Western or European history. Even books on world history hardly included any contents on countries outside Europe. Similarly the terms ‘classics’ and ‘classical’ referred mainly to matters connected with Greek and Latin or Greece and Rome.
    Most of us know today that there are quite a few classical languages in the world other than Greek and Latin. Similarly there are also schools of’ ‘classical music’ other than what is often referred to in Sri Lanka as Western music. It is possible that this term has been borrowed to distinguish what is more old, systematic and traditional than what is more popular or ‘pop’. For example in our neighbouring sub-continent, there are two schools of ‘classical music’, one the Hindustani classical music and the other the much older and richer Carnatic music of the South.
    There are a number of Sri Lankans, mainly in the South who learn Hindustani classical music while those in the North learn Carnatic music.
    In view of the above facts there is nothing wrong or too nationalistic in the reference to Western music as such.

    Sengodan. M

  • 5
    2

    Kumar David,

    China and associated countries are a different place from South Asia. They are a different place from the Middle East.

    South Asia, and Middle East are hot-beds of psychic activity that have taught the whole world the essence of the 4th dimension.

    If you take Europe and their culture and convert them to communism for over 50 long years, dearth of religiosity and culture would have made them crave the leading culture of the time, when they were allowed some leeway to indulge in other cultures.

    China was mostly Confucianists, and later on their infused any methaphysical cravings with Buddhism. Stomping of all religious activities by communists and any culture around religion left a longing in the hearts of many a Chinaman. Therefore when Bach and Chopin were heard, all empty yearnings and hunger were filled European classical music uplifting.

    Sri Lanka on the other hand, does not need that kind of rapture, because their culture has remained intact for over 100-mellinia, and through several Buddhas. Though many elite Lankans do teach their children European classical music, the average man-of-the-soil reaches that same elevation within the sounds of his own culture, heritage, and natural surroundings.

    The rest of Western culture and progress is not truly desired because it is found to be truly decadent. Indeed, at this time the West is looking to the East for greater introspection.

    All the rest the West has to offer, like their superior education and job creation activity, and together with the need to consolidate their current way of life and monetary system, are not exactly desired by the average man-of-the-soil of Lanka. They might be forced to live up to that standard, but it has only ended with the man-of-the-soil suffering in the ME. When they rose up and revolted, they were crushed down and tortured and restrained, and in tears the only answer they got was,” work hard labor in the ME as that’s the ways of progression.”

    First they tried to shame us for our castes and class; I spoke out

    Next they told us that we had small minds which erected primitive nationalisms. “ ; I speak out again…..nay, indeed I shout out: THE NATURAL PHENOMENON THAT IS THE ESSENCE OF LANKA IS UNQUALIFIED!

    Then they shamed me to the hilt; but what the heck….. that’s ok….it’s for the motherland!

    • 0
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      ~Correction : Therefore when Bach and Chopin were heard, all empty yearnings and hunger (of Chinamen) were filled with uplifting European classical music.

  • 6
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    Well, China and Sinhale (Ceylon) had one common phenomenon that blighted both countries. It was savage culture to the north that became a nuisance to both countries over the years.

    For the Chinese it was the Mongolians and the Malabar for the Ceylonese. Chinese fortifications to the north in terms of the Great Wall could not stop savages from intruding.

    Ceylon is still struggling to keep the savages at bay either illegally crossing in their thousands everyday.

    Its mostly economical. The savages makes far less income and have less quality of life in the squalor they live. So naturally the traffic is one way to the south.

  • 2
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    Thank you Prof Kumar David for sharing your experiences and insights on such diverse topics through Colombotelegraph.

    Congratulations to Colombotelegraph for providing the platform for a number of distinguished expatriate Sri Lankans to share their invaluable experiences with people in Sri Lanka.

    Travel, interaction with different cultures, and learning human (unbiased) history do broaden our minds.

    For interested readers, the following references are suggested:

    (i) The Penguin History of Early India (From the Origins to AD 1300)
    Romila Thapar

    (ii) The Hindus – An Alternative History
    Wendy Doniger

    (iii) World Philosophies
    Ninian Smart

    Thurai vinay

  • 3
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    ~Kumar David has started with Globalization, Progressive and regressive cultures and had ended up with Jihadism and talked mostly about Chinese learning european middle age music and the use of Piano. HEre and there it had been spiced with other things such as chinese learning english blah blah…

    Think about chinese need to come to 21st century.

    Because a globalized economy needs people who know about the whole world not just China.

    • 1
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      Jim softy

      “Because a globalized economy needs people who know about the whole world not just China.”

      No need, China is the world. From time immemorial China believed it was the middle kingdom, centre of the world. It now believe it is peacefully rising.

      It loves peace so much so it has become a piece loving country a piece from Russia, Mayanmar, India, Pakistan, ……………. and now it wants a piece from this island too.

    • 0
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      Jim softy

      “Think about chinese need to come to 21st century.”

      Do you mean from the 21st Century BCE (Before Common Era) to 21st Century CE?

      What about the Paras in the Land of native (Veddah) Aethho?

  • 0
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    Dr. David,

    There is also Yo Yo Ma, the American cellist. He was born in Paris, grew up in NYC and went to Harvard,…. But his parents immigrated from China and he is a role model for all Chinese kids interested in music.

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