21 July, 2019

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Reflections On Post War Five Years

By Sumanasiri Liyanage

Sumanasiri Liyanage

Sumanasiri Liyanage

Although the way in which it came to an end may not be in congruence with my normative principles on the issue of ending armed conflicts, I am still happy with the fact that war to an end five years ago. Notwithstanding the fact that conventional conflict resolution theory posits that negotiated settlement rather than military victory is more favorable for peace-building or conflict transformation, I believe that war-ending in either way would have created a space for peaceful, just and harmonious Sri Lanka had the post-armed conflict been handled prudently by the Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL). Moreover, had the GoSL acted in that manner, Mahinda Rajapaksa would have emerged as a genuine national leader of post-independent Sri Lanka. However, five years after the ending of the armed conflict, balance sheet is pathetic and the future is gruesome. Instead of Mahinda Rajapaksa emerging as a truly national leader, he has finally ended up being a’ tribal’ leader. A person who won the election in 2010 mainly because of the war victory may be defeated in the presidential election in 2015, if a common candidate acceptable to all communities in Sri Lanka is nominated by the opposition parties and groups. Governmental coalition is in shambles and it may split into three or four factions when the presidential election is announced. Hold on! I must confess that the hopes I had in 2009 went all wrong. Will my predictions for 2015 presidential election also go wrong? May be YES for two obvious reasons.

Mahinda MataraFirst, not only my hopes and expectations, but also my predictions and projections have a subjective element so that they may not necessarily be correct. My hope and expectations naturally reflects principles and norms I value highly. It does not mean I am not objective. A change and development of a situation is open-ended. Their actual trajectories cannot be predetermined. Having identified multiple directions towards which situation would develop, one hopes and expects the developments should follow, though difficult the path that she or he values more. Rosa Luxemburg posed the question what would happen if the contradictions of capitalism cannot be resolved and she gave two answers, either socialism or barbarism. You may add more to the list. Nonetheless, I am sure Rosa Luxemberg would have expected the former not the latter or in-between. Humans create mental picture before they start building it. (I do not deny other animals do not follow the same path.)

Five Factors and Actors

The second reason is related to the first. Actual change and development are determined by multiple factors and actors. The parametric values to be given to these actors and factors may vary. In a previous work I identified five factors that brought about the pathetic and dismal situation that we are in today. First, in a Sri Lankan political context, one of the main determinants is the way in which how the leading politicians of the government perceive the question at hand. The leaders of the governmental front including the President Mahinda Rakapaksa and his ‘clan’ hold an extreme Sinhala-Buddhist nationalist position. What can be gathered from their speeches, action programs and policy documents is that they do not perceive the presence of a Tamil national question. It is true that they have recognized that Tamils have been facing enormous difficulties and hardships in the last three decades or so. Nonetheless, these hardships are according to them directly associated with the armed conflict. In the last five years the approach of the GoSL was addressing those issues completely neglecting the identity dimension.

Secondly, the comprehensive military defeat of the LTTE and the decimation of its entire leadership have created an un­bridgeable vacuum in Tamil nationalism in Sri Lanka. Major trends in Tamil nationalism in Sri Lanka in the past revolved around their attitude towards the LTTE where the latter enjoyed an unchallenged mili­tary capability. The two options that were available to other Tamil nationalist par­ties were either to be a proxy to the LTTE (like Tamil National Alliance was) or to be an opponent of it (Eelam Peoples Democratic Party – EPDP, Tamil United Liberation Front– TULF, Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Puligal – TMVP). When the LTTE were decimated, neither of these two factions was in a position to present a viable and alternative Tamil nationalist political position that is acceptable to Tamil masses. There are no signs that this political vacuum will be filled in the immediate future as well. The Tamil National Alliance that is seen as a proxy to the LTTE for a long time has not yet come up with a viable democratic alternative although after the first NPC election, it has shown some positive intervention

Thirdly, over-securitization of the state has adversely affected the peace-building process. This prioritization of the state security is a natural outcome of nearly 30 years of armed con­flict that totally upset the equilibrium between civil society and the military, in favor of the latter. Although the armed conflict between the government security forces and the LTTE came to an end more than three years ago, the involvement of the military in political decision-making remains undi­minished. Hence, it is not only a phenomenon but has also become a common attitude. The govern­ment seems to look at almost everything from the prism of its own security, which deeply influences its practices and policies in many spheres.

Fourthly, the increasing pressure from the USA, EU and international organizations and the campaign of the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora on the issue of war crimes in the last phase of the conflict have created a situation in which the GoSL tends to believe that it operates in an unfriendly international context. Two options are available to the GoSL in overcoming this situation. The first option is to take an independent decision to introduce a power-sharing political structure and to improve the human right condition in the country. Such a step would eventually weaken the increasing international campaign against the Sri Lankan government. However, the GoSL has opted for a second option, namely, leaning more and more towards extreme Sinhala nationalist support. Having assumed that the so-called international community is trying to de-stabilize the government by imposing unjustifiable demands, the GoSL has taken defensive measures by stressing that an international conspiracy against the territorial integrity of Sri Lanka continues even though the armed conflict came to an end in mid-2009. One may argue that this threatened perception is a construction of the government for its own ends. Whether that claim is true or not is debatable, but what can be confirmed is that this friction between the GoSL and the international community at large has badly affected the peace-building process.

Finally, in the last two decades, India appears to have changed its priorities in favor of achieving a high rate of economic growth. As a result, its policies towards its neighbors have been changed substantially. In the 1980s, the Indian Union government exerted severe pressure on Sri Lanka and played a significant role in the introduction of the two-tier system of government in Sri Lanka in 1987. India has always stressed the importance of power-sharing arrangement. However, in the last decade or so, this pressure has weakened substantially for multiple reasons. Among many other reasons, some of which are internal, one could speculate that this change is somewhat influenced by the increased presence of China in the Indian Ocean region. Although Indian delegates in many occasions stressed the necessity of adopting a power-sharing system (influenced by their own) giving space to Tamils to exercise some form of autonomy in regional administration, Indian pressure in the recent past has been exerted in a more lax manner.

What is Way Forward?

Now it is clear that UPFA government is no longer capable of resolving the national question in Sri Lanka by satisfying the demands and aspirations of marginalized nations and ethnic groups. It appears that the UPFA is trying to continue the war by other means. Hence its politics is war by other means. These other means include inter alia attacks by groups like Bodu Bala Sena on numerically small nations and religious groups. However, it is imperative to understand the connectivity of the national question. National question has been an outcome of the marginalization of identity groups by the ruling class. Marginalization is not confined to the identity groups and is extended to lower strata of the society. Lands were grabbed from peasants; Poor urban people were thrown out of their homes; A war is waged against university students; Trade unionists were beaten up, Fishing community is suppressed. So five years after war, popular classes have been slowly realizing neo liberal regime and its socio economic policies have led to this overall marginalization, suppression, oppression and exploitation. The rift and internal contradiction within the UPFA can be explained as a reflection of this. In this conjuncture the resolution of the national question calls for a broader popular bloc formation and under its leadership reversing the de-democratization process that has been going on since the mid 1970s culminating in present UPFA regime. It is encouraging that people are thinking not just a change of regime but a change in some of the features of the existing systems, above all the executive presidential system. In itself it may not be sufficient, but as a transitional step, it would be an ideal step to move forward if a proper candidate who is willing and capable of delivering goods can be found. One interesting development is that some quarters has even begun to think the Chief Minister of the Northern Province as a common candidate to face Mahinda Rajapaksa in the presidential election that would be held in early next year.

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Latest comments

  • 0
    8

    Dear Sumanasiri, while I agree with much of what you’ve said about the postwar period, your remarks on a common candidacy seem to ignore a basic fact. The pro-UNP /anti-govt and respected newspaper the Sunday Times observed in its Political Column after May 1st, that Wimal Weerawansa’s party convention had roughly the same number of people at the UNP’s May Day rally in Ampara, namely 7,000-7,500 approximately.

    Now this is a disgrace, given especially that this was in all probability the last UNP May day before the national elections. You may recall the vibrant, huge UNP May Day of 1976, before the 1977 April general elections.

    No useful discussion or prescription regarding the Presidential election can take place without suggesting a rectification of the enormous meltdown of the UNP. No common candidacy can compensate for the organic crisis of the UNP, which is primarily a crisis of leadership.

    That has to be addressed and resolved in the next few months if any kind of grassroots campaign is to the possible at the national elections. the election will probably be declared, not held, in as short as six months from now.

    I cannot recall the last time my public prognostications about a national election have been proven wrong. My prediction is that if the UNP’s candidacy and leadership remain unaltered in the correct direction, it will score in the 20 percent range at the upcoming Presidential election and MR will get an undeserved walkover at an election that he probably deserves to win narrowly.

    • 5
      0

      “MR will get an undeserved walkover at an election that he probably deserves to win narrowly. “

      So in short you think the following should happen:

      1) MR should win, so you can get a plum diplomatic posting.

      2) Sajith should be leader

      Your slip is showing !!!

      • 2
        0

        Dev

        “Your slip is showing !!!”

        Eels are slippery by nature.

  • 5
    2

    All these Sinhala writers talk of proxy to the LTTE, and in the same vein say LTTE is dead for ever. So, what they say is stinking dookey.

    As usual one can see the Sinhala Buddhist Supremacist streak running in this man’s writing too!

    “Having assumed that the so-called international community is trying to de-stabilize the government by imposing unjustifiable demands,…”

    says this man: Cut out your Sinhala- Buddhist crap; why is not justifiable?

    Does an Independent inquiry into alleged mass murder of 147,000 innocent Tamils is unjustifiable? You are dyed-in-wool Sinhala chauvinist.

    You yourself are a Sinhala majoritarian like all Sinhala leaders from 1948.

  • 0
    8

    sumane, MR and his goverment is not an extreme sinhalese-buddhist governement. they are muti-ethinic and multi-religiuos.

  • 4
    5

    Mr.Liyanage:

    All of you are the same and narrow minded. You only think of the last 30 years of Freedom Struggle but not about the 64 year Sri Lankan history which brought carnage. A simple regime change is not going to achieve the sea change taht we need in Sri Lanka and the Sinhalese mentality will never change. The vast majoirity are RACISTS and we are not going to bring about change from within.
    I take comfort from the following and the Tamilnadu factor will force the change and MR cannot dilly dally anymore. Sri Lankas Sovereignity is limited to Indias Security and India has made it clear that they will deal with the threat ( ISI)through the back door from Sri Lanka harshly

    ***All speculation on whether Ms Jayalalithaa would offer support to Mr Modi to form government at the Centre was put to rest on Friday with his BJP getting 282 seats, enough to form the government on its own. Along with its per-election allies in the NDA, the party has 336 seats.

    But Ms Jayalalithaa’s AIADMK will be the third largest party in the Lok Sabha. It has, in fact, only seven seats less than the Congress’ 44.

    The BJP needs all the goodwill and support it can garner to push legislation through the Upper House or Rajya Sabha, where it does not enjoy the brute strength that it has in the lower house.  The BJP has 46 MPs in the 250-member Rajya Sabha. It allies in the NDA have another 19. It will need at least 125 for a simple majority. 

    The Congress has 68 Rajya Sabha members.

    Rajya Sabha elections were held earlier this year and the next round will be held only in 2016.

    BJP president Rajnath Singh too called up Ms Jayalalithaa and wished her for the AIADMK’s “grand win”.

    • 3
      0

      Most of the Sinhala based media, politicians, analysts , professionals always discuss the issues within the island of Sri Lanka (Ceylon)Sinhala supreme mentality. When they say Nation or State, in their mind it is our land, our culture, our language, our religion. They refer “our” with the mindset of Sinhala. We all have to remember that the Ceylon National Congress was headed by a Tamil speaking Ceylonese. The CNC split later because the Sinhalese did not want to give equal rights to Tamils. This is the start of the problem and later competition between two Sinhala groups used the equality issue for their politics. Still we are trying to capitalize on that issue for the change of power, but they are not prepared to give equal rights to those speak other Sinhala and those who are other than Buddhists.

      • 2
        0

        What BS areu bubbling ?
        Not only Sinhalaya but also tamils do mean their ethinic race when they cite “our”. That is common to any kind of devleoping folks. But in civilized western world, they consider, we the germans, we the french or we the other nationalities, they mean that almost everyone living in their bounderies. This I did not want to add, but your way of comments, cause me allergic strokes. I dont know your ethinic background, but I believe you are tamil. Me being a sinhala but I always try to interpret myself and srilanken while staying in the eruope you dont bother you being sinhala or tamils, because most of them call me ” you are from srilanka”. So that says whatever the race religion and other parameters may basically group us, we are all srilankens. Anyway, those who call them as sinhalese buddhist, hindu tamils etc will always stand on their way not making us srilankens together. The key issue is even not to add this kind of remarks about the race. Religions have almost lost their capacities in helping the war torn nation turing towards good.

        • 1
          0

          Well said brother son. Nobody denies that you are a Sinhala speaking person (race), I am a Tamil speaking person (Tamil). You got the point son. Every one living within their boundaries (within the island of Srilanka (formerly Ceylon, and so) are Srilankan. But every one living within that boundary should feel that they are Sri Lankan. Do you think every one feel they are Sri Lankans? Don’t you think that Sinhalese feel that this country is for Sinhalese only? If not, why there was riots, genocides, war crimes, human rights violations since Sinhala only act is introduced in this country etc. Is it wrong to ask for equal rights?

          • 0
            0

            You call me son brother whatever :) thanks for that. I may call you grand father, uncle or the like for the moment. Anyway, leaving it inthatway, coming back to the point, what I believe is from the past incidents like 83 riots or 89 student unrest arose due to greater failures of the rulers that were in power to the the metioned periods, we cant analyse them – that entire sinhalese attacked their minorities. I really dont think it is right to generalize in that way.
            Anyway, correct to say that ones living in the country would not feel like that the country belong to them – they should all feel LIKE equal srilankens. You are making a big mistake here, by generalising the issue. I really dont think that majority masses of the country would feel that the country belongs only to them. As it was the case with tamils too, I myself would never think that all tamils support LTTErs. Where civil wars were the case, killings of all kind occured, but today where no war is there, the rulers should have the power to bring divided parties together. My problem is I dont see any efforts making by leading bunch in the country today not to have done any tangible work on the areas leading long awaited peace.
            They only enjoyed the war victory and abused it to consolidate their powers making gullible vulnerable folks even more naive only for their political surivival.

            Devleoping and providing with all physical facilities across the country should not be seen as teating the folks better. It is the responsibility of a govt to go for that. Any state would do so since they have been elected by the folks to do that. That should be their duty, but our cultures and people abuse it for their surivivals. That has been the tradition in that island. What is clearly lacking right now is there is no plan to build the nation after the war is no longer there. Any country where war was fought have various kind of problems left. In Germany, even today, they dont discuss war related issues openly. I dont think today´s generations in Germany are aware of the war brutalities. So are the realities with the lankens too. Those who faced it feel close to the skin while otherrs dont. But politicians .. that are in power should do the best that help all communities to feel equal. I have the feeling lankens needs more foreign assistance in terms of peace and reconciliation. Through diplomatic lines, these they could have achieved, if govt had good politicies or agendas.

          • 1
            0

            On this forum, there are sinahalese that fight for all srilankens.
            (NV, Sirimal, Sama, Soma, Srilal, Gamini ….. )

            There are also many that have no capacities to see it beyond than their noses

            (Abhaya, Elakolla,Banda, Eunese, …. )

            There are also tamils that fight only for their race.

            In the same there are also tamils that argue for SRILANKENS.

            There are also other minorities that argue for them only – some muslims.
            There are also majority that argue for all ethnic groups – regardless of the race regligion etc.
            So, it is no right to call that sinhalese in general feel that it is their country. I though think it is mine, but in the same time, I also feel that it is the country of srilanken tamils, srilanken muslims, srilanken bughers etc.
            Actually these should be taught in the kindergarten on, as it is the case in some developed countries. I have seen how swiss, french, german, english, australian kindergarten work for this valuable aim. More they learn about skin colour, race, religion, lesser problems willb ethe there in the future.

            I can tell you one thing from my own exp. I had never seen Afros before coming to Europe. Not to discriminate them, but we only watched films where Afro people were there. But for the first time, getting to know them personally, i was somewhat scared being unable to get on with them. It was my mistake. Perhaps not mine. And also I go tot know lanken tamils in Europe. Had I met them before or known their langauge, I could get on with them better. All these prove us it is the education lead us to peace, nothing else. Knowing that, leaders in power should invest more in education sector than any other areas could bring the folks together – achieving peace withthe time. Evne in Germany, even today, east germans are somewhat discriminated by west germans. It is the nature of some home sapiens to behave so. But that does not support the view that masses of entire communities go against the other.

          • 0
            0

            To Ajith,
            “Is it wrong to ask for equal rights?”
            No, you are entitled to ask for equal rights.
            Can you please tell me what rights you do not have now?

          • 0
            0

            I happened to listen to a youtube video y day in which TamaraK is being interviewd by Dr. RajivW.

            https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ajZxA65p9CI

            There TK explains a lot the way how sinhalese protected them in several occaisions. This cant be a single issue. I came to know few families in Europe, they shared me the stories in terms of 83 riots and how they survived their lives through the help of sinhalese friends.

        • 1
          1

          You are right ‘Sun’ –
          Even before the 64 years of freedom from Foreign Rule, I can remember my parents talking about ‘We Tamils’, as if Tamils were a Chosen Race.

          So Racism does not belong solely to the Sinhalese!

          • 0
            0

            For racism is solely cushioned under their feet, it seems the morally rotten Sinhalese & Lankan Tamils stand upon it obnoxiously to achieve their pinfall is always evident.

      • 1
        0

        You call me son brother whatever :) thanks for that. I may call you grand father, uncle or the like for the moment. Anyway, leaving it inthatway, coming back to the point, what I believe is from the past incidents like 83 riots or 89 student unrest arose due to greater failures of the rulers that were in power to the the metioned periods, we cant analyse them – that entire sinhalese attacked their minorities. I really dont think it is right to generalize in that way.
        Anyway, correct to say that ones living in the country would not feel like that the country belong to them – they should all feel LIKE equal srilankens. You are making a big mistake here, by generalising the issue. I really dont think that majority masses of the country would feel that the country belongs only to them. As it was the case with tamils too, I myself would never think that all tamils support LTTErs. Where civil wars were the case, killings of all kind occured, but today where no war is there, the rulers should have the power to bring divided parties together. My problem is I dont see any efforts making by leading bunch in the country today not to have done any tangible work on the areas leading long awaited peace.
        They only enjoyed the war victory and abused it to consolidate their powers making gullible vulnerable folks even more naive only for their political surivival.

        Devleoping and providing with all physical facilities across the country should not be seen as teating the folks better. It is the responsibility of a govt to go for that. Any state would do so since they have been elected by the folks to do that. That should be their duty, but our cultures and people abuse it for their surivivals. That has been the tradition in that island. What is clearly lacking right now is there is no plan to build the nation after the war is no longer there. Any country where war was fought have various kind of problems left. In Germany, even today, they dont discuss war related issues openly. I dont think today´s generations in Germany are aware of the war brutalities. So are the realities with the lankens too. Those who faced it feel close to the skin while otherrs dont. But politicians .. that are in power should do the best that help all communities to feel equal. I have the feeling lankens needs more foreign assistance in terms of peace and reconciliation. Through diplomatic lines, these they could have achieved, if govt had good politicies or agendas.

  • 0
    3

    Kali Mann (Mud used for pottery) Writes some garbage and as soon as the garbage is published he votes for himself. In turn this reflects the selfish nature of Kali mann and his dias hora community.

    Now after the defeat and decimation of the V Baba and the gang in 2009, their hopes were hanged around J Amma’s victory in TN, she did win resoundingly however what they did not factor in was overwhelming victory for BJP which has made Cunning Amma’s victory irrelevant.

    Kali Mann is quoting all sorts of stuff about BJP statements towards AIADMK win, N Modi also told the same thing to MR. Surely he will work with all parties to further Indian policy toards the region. He can do this without having to make concessions like congress where Cunning Amma was holding a threatening hold.

    Dias Hora are eternally looking for a 3rd party to find a solution for their statelessness. While the Tamils in Sri Lanka are still suffering due to the destruction brought about by their terror.

    Cunning Amma, Karunanidi and that Joker Viko will dare utter a single stupid statement in N. Modi government.

    Mr. Sumanasiri Liyanage your thoughts are much appreciated !

    • 2
      0

      Afzal you Sinkalam:

      The medicine has worked. In your quaters panic has set in and it is obvious from list of the Boot Lickers. It is laughable that even BBS are licking Modis Boots. You are now lamenting and having bad dreams and that is why you are remebering the horror you inflicted on ISAIPRIYA. It is bound to get worse and I am enjoying this seeing you screaming in Panic. By the way follow the trial of Rathko Miladic in the HAGUE. The of reckoning for Thug MR and clowns are not very far. Let me know whether you have booked your ticket to the HAGUE I have.

      It is very predictable that you appreciate the thoughts of Liyanage and 20 million of your Countrymen.

      Have you noticed 1000 prisoners have been released by MR ( no doubt making room for his own clan)and the attack on the Indian Fisherman have stopped.

    • 2
      0

      Afzal you Sinkalam:

      Just in case you have missed the Boot Lickers here they are enjoy it and it is no shame the servant saluting the MASTER. Let me know if you more of the same.

      Modi another Rajapaksa’
      May 18 (CT) Minister Basil Rajapaksa said, “Asia has produced another Rajapaksa and ‘doer’,” referring to the overwhelming election victory of BJP Leader, Narendra Modi. “There would be better ‘chemistry’ between President Rajapaksa and Modi, compared to the rapport he had with outgoing PM Manmohan Singh,” Minister Rajapaksa said adding, “Modi delivered on his promises to Gujarat in a similar way
      ‘BJP’s majority, a blessing for Sri Lanka’
      May 18 (SO) Minister Keheliya Rambukwella said, that the BJP having secured a big majority singlehandedly at the recently concluded Indian election is a blessing for Sri Lanka, since it lessens the likelihood of the Centre bowing down to regional political compulsions. He said the BJP led NDA secured 318 parliamentary seats with the BJP winning the majority 277 seats singlehandedly. Therefore, the Govt would be strong not needing to be dictated to by raucous regional
      Leaders

      Modi’s victory is matter of delight- BBS
      May 17 (SM) CEO of Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) Dilantha Withanage has stated that his organization is extremely delighted about Narendra Modi led BJP victory as well as electing Narendra Modi as the Prime Minister. He further stated “it is certain that Modi’s victory will not only make an influence on India, but specially on Asia region and economic and political sectors of the rest of the world. We believe that PM will be able to eliminate extremism and separatism operating in this region

  • 0
    0

    Sri Lankan so-called convention and traditional elites of our land who had been lost their mindset learn lessons that the past experiences of Political class and Parties was in power.
    Indeed their Governances by two sets of bourgeoisies’ was in power since 1948.
    Mainly UNP play key role by and large that the continuation of Neo-colonial capitalism by allies with West and IMF,WB and ADB as well as Paris Club of Rich nations.
    Result of that UNP political class governance that undermine Growth and develop of National wealth & capital of Capitalism path of development in overall our political-economy order. System of democracy had remarkable deficit by UNP ruling class in power several decades. What is to be done by UNP POLICIES?
    The proximate cause of poverty is low productivity. Poor masses are poor the very reason their labor enables them to produce too little to adequately feed the house themselves; let along provide for other need such health and education. Low productivity in turn has diverse and multiple causes. In fact it result of that lack of credit, which prevent producers from making the investment that would increase their output and incomes. At the same time lack of access to new innovation of better technologies. It may be the consequence lack of SKILL,KNOWLEDGE OR JOB OPPORTUNITIES.
    That may be created small market size, which suppresses and depresses the profitability of acquiring new capital equipment’s and technologies by conducts of UNP comprador political/economic policies.
    Our national system remain simple commodity production for long years since independence. Capitalism has no rooms to be develop in our soil.
    While due to the UNP exploitative elites that typically in cahoots with UNP ruling government, who had been block any overall improvements in National Economic conditions that would threaten their power. That is what UNP political-economic-social ultimate reasons of poverty and backwardness can be traced in one or another form of these causes.
    Needless to say National bourgeoisies of SLFP class since in power had slightly shifted Industries Agriculture and Trade sectors by taken few initiative of state sector; but promises to give everyone access to market, capital and technology and foster good governance was unable delivered since time to time in ruling power since 1956. In the other way Capitalism of SLFP has political power of potential to remove all of the deficiencies that poverty had been betray by in nature SLFP ruling class.
    After the end of war, last five years MR ruling party and its alliance has improved national economy by shifting different path, but still not break away from depend path of capitalism.
    Sri lanka national bourgeois were bring that colonial education and in favors of west mindset. Our indigenous elites are not guided by educated on patriotism. Hence businessmen, merchants and burcuarcy and politicians are not sufficient patriotic. In development of capitalist is concern that Sri Lankan government and state had to a significant role to play in developing national economic.
    But MR ruling class has start from that diverted from the path of development towards CASINO type of ECONOMY. That is end of war- after five years, that is why MR ruling party back to UNP neo-Liberal political-economic order after great sacrifice of people of Sri lanka.

  • 1
    0

    Dear Liyanage you say ..”neither of these two factions was in a position to present a viable and alternative Tamil nationalist political position that is acceptable to Tamil masses”…

    are you speking on behalf of the Tamil masses? who gave you the right? do you feel the pulse of the Tamil masses.

    The Tamil masses spoke loud clear during the NPC election and voted for TNA out right

    However you lable TNA as LTTE Proxy. So what you are really saying is that the choice of the Tamil Masses is not acceptable to you and to the racist Sinhala regime. You want the Tamil masses to endorse not the LTTE proxy but the proxy of the regime.

  • 2
    0

    Agreeing with Rajash, I would that the Sinhala Buddhist Political and Religious leaderships’ failure to recognize and respect the Tamil national identity and deal honourably with the Tamil Political leaderships by providing a democratic political alternative created conditions for the emergence of the LTTE. The end of the war do not necessarily justify the means as the war was merely a manifestation of a much deeper malaise within the Sri Lankan State.

    • 1
      0

      well said

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