19 October, 2017

Response To Dr. Godfrey Gunatilleke

By S.Sivathasan

S.Sivathasan

With all deference to a man of letters reputed for integrity and objective analysis, I address this communication from a public Forum.

The writer confined his critique to a thirty year frame from 1983. Prince Charles said quite correctly, that the most difficult thing for humans to do is to forget the past. Knowing full well that there is neither a picturesque outbreak nor a precise end, I wished that we turn a fresh leaf from 2009, at least when we express our thoughts and anxieties. But that was never to be. So only in passing, I want to touch on the Donoughmore era, since birthmarks on the body politic cannot be wished away.

Under the new dispensation of 1931, a declining voice in state affairs agitated the Tamils. Governor Caldecott’s perception on a major question bedeviling Ceylon in 1938 was “all our political fissures radiate from the vexed question of minority representation”. In this backdrop, GG Ponnambalam, found that weakening representational strength of Tamils  and the experience of the Pan Sinhalese Ministry in 1936 had alarming forebodings of marginalization. He seized the opportunity offered by the Reforms Despatch of 1938, to present  a convincing thesis about Balanced Representation for the minorities, encompassing  – Ceylon Tamils, Indian Tamils, Moors, Malays and Burghers – all taken as one entity. Even though a case was made out with great forensic skill, by the Tamil leader, it failed to cut much ice with Whitehall.

What results flowed thereafter in the next eight decades? A single ethnicity ‘Tamils’ enumerated as such with the same nomenclature till 1901, was bifurcated from 1911 census into Ceylon Tamils (CT) and Indian Tamils ( IT). This classification continuing to date has brought down the Tamil population by 2,293,000 (CT+ IT = 26.69% in 1901. It is 15.37 in 2011 a decline by 11.3 2%  = 2.293 million). Compulsive expatriation of the former and  legislated repatriation of the latter brought this debilitation of numerical strength.

With sustained effort, minority population was reduced from 30.5% to 25.1%. Tamil population saw a drastic reduction by over11%. Sinhalese population went up from 69.41% in 1946 to 74.88 % in 2011.  Ethnic composition in state employment however is around 97% or more for the major entity and 3% or less for the minorities. For the major community, a near monopolistic dominance in the legislature, driver’s seat in governance, a hand on the till and fingers on the jugular of levers of employment secured this.

State entities are loathe to revealing ethnicity in employment statistics. But just one officer from Marga Institute, by spending just 1 day or less on information available in the public domain, can do an ethnic headcount and disclose it. In the pages of the Telephone Directory, in the official section, are names of most holding senior positions. They range from the Presidential Secretariat to Ministries, the Judiciary, Departments, State Banks and semi government institutions. Why Marga? To have Dr. Gunatilleke’s directions for the exercise. Why a person of such eminence for a task so prosaic as this? For reasons of authenticity and credibility when results are disclosed. If the figures depict fairness and do not touch his heart, he may remain silent about the outcome.

The Economic & Social Statistics – 2013 of the Central Bank, gives Public Sector employment in 2012 as 1,244, 315. The trained staff of the CB can provide the ethnic count for this number for 2013 when it publishes the report in April 2014. Attrition per year may not be less than 35,000. In a few years the ethnic deficits can be made good. Contented minorities will certainly throw their weight towards reconciliation and harmony.

I like to recount a relevant anecdote.  In an Indian National Congress conference in the twenties CR Das, a Hindu from Bengal, an eminent lawyer and Congress leader gave very many employment statistics to highlight the fact that Moslems were gravely discriminated against. He urged remedial steps to redress the imbalance. But the Hindu dominated Congress would have none of it. Later Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, an ardent Congressman and respected as  an intellectual became India’s first Minister of Education. In a book of his he wrote, “On the day CR Das’s plea was rejected, the seeds of separation were sown in the minds of the Moslems”. Dr. Gunatilleke told us 42 years ago very cryptically, “Employment is sharing of national income through that means”.

In the reckoning of the powers that be, Tamils will compete for senior positions only if they are there in junior ones. So squeeze them out at recruitment level. Sinhala only went up to a point. Tamils were getting qualified. So shut them out from equal opportunities at Universities. A Minister who was credited with high intelligence had said “If you want to destroy the Tamils, first destroy their education”. Hence standardization. Yet a few were getting recruited. So now brazen non recruitment of Tamils is standard policy. No longer are branches lopped off. The government strikes at all roots at the very source. Yet Tamils are continuously told that they are absolutely equal and only diabolical racism is holding them back from reconciliation.

No attempt is made here at any comprehensive presentation. For six decades and more the country has written and rebutted ad nauseam on this repulsive subject. Only because a noted personality has issued a call, I have indicated my response in the briefest manner possible.

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    Thank you, Sivathasan. If ALL the people are going to have peace and prosperity in Sri Lanka our children should know what happened since 1931. people of the age group to which Godfrey Goonatilleke and Sivathasan belong, should write down all what they know.

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      S.Sivathasan –

      “Ethnic composition in state employment however is around 97% or more for the major entity and 3% or less for the minorities. For the major community, a near monopolistic dominance in the legislature, driver’s seat in governance, a hand on the till and fingers on the jugular of levers of employment secured this”

      Thank you very much for the facts and the truth behind the facts.

      This should exposed and confronted both

      1. Locally, and

      2. Internationally.

      Then this discrimination should be challenged in court, and Govt departments sued in class action suits.

      Reason points the culprit as the Sinhala Buddhist Racism and Hegemony.

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      Sivathasan/CT

      I’m unable to locate this. Can you please give the figure now for:

      ”The trained staff of the CB can provide the ethnic count for this number for 2013 when it publishes the report in April 2014”

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    Thank you, Sivathasan. If ALL the people are going to have peace and prosperity in Sri Lanka our children should know what happened since 1931. people of the age group to which Godfrey Goonatilleke and Sivathasan belong, should write down all what they know.Most preferably a group of them must figure out how to do this effectively asap as they are all getting old soon.

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    Thank you Mr Sivathasan.

    Tamils are still suffering under the watch of UN –
    Navi Pillay taken through backdoor to avoid public in Jaffna
    [TamilNet, Tuesday, 27 August 2013, 07:01 GMT]
    Many among more than a thousand people gathered in front of the Jaffna Public Library on Tuesday morning to personally convey their feelings to the visiting UN Human Rights Commissioner Ms Navi Pillay, started shedding tears when they found out that Ms Pillay was taken away, through the backdoor, by the Sri Lankan officials. The gathering that was mostly the kith and kin of the people missing in the war and the aftermath, was told by the organisers of the visit to peacefully assemble in front of the Jaffna Public Library so that Ms Pillay would be seeing them. Some of the people had even travelled from the South to convey their bereavement. But, after meeting the SL Colonial Governor, SL Government Agents of the districts in the North and SL-run provincial council heads of departments at the Public Library hall, Ms Pillay was led through the backdoor. – http://www.tamilnet.com/art.html?catid=13&artid=36594

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      Anpu

      Could you bring Jimmy Softy, KAS Sumane, Navin, Dayan, M Sivananthan, Vibushana, David Blacker, FF, ……… all other Sinhala/Buddhists for a rebuttal.

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        Native Vedda,
        All people you have listed (Jimmy Softy, KAS Sumane, Navin, Dayan, M Sivananthan, Vibushana, David Blacker, FF, ……… all other Sinhala/Buddhists) have few things in common. They want to hide Tamil Genocide and Tamils who are alive in SL to live as second class citizens.

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        I am neither Sinhalese nor Buddhist. Does one have to be either to have a different opinion?

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          David Blacker

          “Does one have to be either to have a different opinion?”

          You can have any number of opinions as long as you agree with mine.

          • 0
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            But you rarely have an opinion, Jungle Bunny. Isn’t it true that you comment on CT because no one listens to you offline? :D

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              David Blacker

              “Isn’t it true that you comment on CT because no one listens to you offline?”

              That is true, however that is the best part of opinionated Native Vedda.

              Are you longing for a tryst with playboy bunny?

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              What opinion? You have no opinion. You claiming to have an opinion is as funny as you claiming to be a Veddha :D

              What has playboy bunnies got to do with it? This isn’t the place to talk about your porn collection.

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              David Blacker

              “What has playboy bunnies got to do with it? This isn’t the place to talk about your porn collection.”

              You seem you are fond of Jungle Bunny. Is it your euphemism for playboy bunny? Which club do you frequent?

              I take it that you never used free Playboy magazine for recreation and you don’t use it now?

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              “You seem you are fond of Jungle Bunny. Is it your euphemism for playboy bunny?”

              No, I was addressing you. Why are you trying to change the subject?

              “I take it that you never used free Playboy magazine for recreation and you don’t use it now?”

              As I said, why are you bringing up your porn collection in this discussion? Is it to cover up the fact that you are unable to have an opinion on any subject discussed here?

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              Adoh Blacker:
              Your racism hardly needed confirmation by calling Native Veddah “jungle bunny” except that you were too stupid to realise that it was one of the old terms to disparage Afro-Americans (together with “Nigger.”) As usual, more than your slip is showing!
              Perhaps you should get back to what you do best…………..

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        Also, what exactly is there to rebut? Dr G and the Marga Institute have been focusing on the war, it’s end, and its aftermath. I don’t believe there is any debate (at least at Marga) over the persecution the Tamils suffered that led up to the war. This doesn’t mean, however, that that persecution justifies the separatist actions during the war, nor the strategies they adopted.

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          Seeking separation is not crime. However using violent ideology is condemnable

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            stopping it is not a crime as well

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              sach

              Perpetrating War crime and crime against humanity in the pursuit of both was, is and will be wrong.

            • 0
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              David Blacker

              “Yes, you occupy your tiny brain about marriage proposals and South African ladies. That’s the best territory for you.”

              Why is this funny?

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            I don’t think anyone is unaware of the violence that defined the separatist actions and strategies that the Tigers and other Tamil militants employed.

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              David Blacker

              Combination of violence and stupidity go with territory, in case if you missed the best part of history, JVP, LTTE, other groups, and state were/are not immune from both.

              Mervyn wants to marry South African lady. Do you have any opinion on his proposal?

              When is the Marga seminar?

              Wish you well.

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              Well at least you’ve got half of the territory; the stupid half.

              Yes, you occupy your tiny brain about marriage proposals and South African ladies. That’s the best territory for you :D

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              David Blacker

              “Yes, you occupy your tiny brain about marriage proposals and South African ladies. That’s the best territory for you.”

              Why is this funny?

            • 0
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              If you don’t get the joke, I can’t explain it to you :D

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              David Blacker

              “If you don’t get the joke, I can’t explain it to you “

              Give it a try.

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    TNA uses PROFESSIONAL MOURNERS in Jaffna to HOWL when Pillai tours.

    LOW CASTE Tamil women weep at funerals for money. It is a practice in Tamil Madu and north of SL where Tamil Madu people live.

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      You are a disgrace for humanity Fatima. Have you got any evidence to show that TNA used low cast Tamils. Are you saying that Sinhala Ravaya and BBS who protested in Colombo are low caste Sinhalese used by Sinhala Government?

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      This is not a Tamil practice, it is the practice (part of the culture) of low country Sinhalese. At the Sinhala funerals in the low country, they hire professional (low caste) Sinhala women from Negombo and other Sinhala coastal areas to weep (PROFESSIONAL MOURNERS).

      This Sinhala-Buddhist Fathima Fukushima must be talking about the women folk in his family (PROFESSIONAL MOURNERS).

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        Are you joking? I am a low country sinhalese but never ever heard of such a practice among southern and even colombo sinhalese.
        In negombo there is, due to indian immigration and absorbing them to society

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          South Indian immigrants (low caste) were absorbed into the low country Sinhala society not just in Negombo but from Negambo right up to Matara (the entire South). The Karawa, Durawa and Salagama are all low caste South Indian immigrants during the Portugese period. Today they are all Sinhala Buddhists.

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            they got absorbed. But my point was there was no such custom among low country sinhalese. except in Negombo.
            Also if you want to talk about immigrants, Dutch brought Indian tamils as slaves to work in Coffee plantations in North and East. A substantial part of Lankan Tamils come from them.

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    In a sober and scholarly analysis Mr. Sivathasan appears to have done what a thousand militant guns could not do. He has, statistically, established how Tamils were pushed from all opportunities in State services.

    One doubt. With regard to GGP’s 50/50 I have heard it said from senior officials familiar with the issue of the half of seats GGP argued for the rest – other than the 50% for Sinhala Buddhists – he also included the Sinhala Christians and Catholics. Even my friend the late Kumar Ponnambalam did not provide me with the answer. Can Mr Sivathasan or others in the readership enlighten – more for the purpose of record and accuracy.

    Senguttuvan

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      Senguttuvan

      The speech itself is the authentic source. It was a 14 hour speech delivered in the State Council. It was available as a Veerakesari publication in 198 pages A5 size. Had he mentioned it, it would have registered in me. I don’t recollect any even though I read it 56 years back. Nor have I ever heard about it. It may be more a story from detractors.

      Another story I have heard from several sources and which I deem credible, is that DS offered 55/45 as a compromise which GGP rejected.
      Had the polity accepted it as a political arrangement under duress,it would have gone the way of the Treaty of Versailles soon after independence.

      A Veerakesari reprint of the speech was available 15 years back which I browsed through. You may try Veerakesari. It is worth reading for the English of it and the diction.

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        Thank you. I certainly welcome further assistance from the readership.

        Yet another area where I will appreciate confirmation is in learning of the names of the members of the Ceylon Delegation that was sent by the then Govt. of Ceylon to Delhi
        to plead for the restoration of the supply of Indian labour. This was stopped by the Govt of India at the urge of then leaders of
        the Indian Congress (notably Gandhi, Nehru) responding to the attacks on those of Indian origin (Tamils, Malayalees) in Ceylon.
        This was following the anti-Indian sentiment spread by Anagarika Dharmapala (A. E.Goonesinghe??) and others extremists of the time. It is known the Ceylon Planters Society was alarmed Tea and Rubber production had dropped as a result of the stoppage of the labour supply. It is understood some of the members of the delegation went out to later become Sinhala nationalist Ministers displaying a pronounced anti-Indian bias.

        Senguttuvan

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          Anpu

          Thanks for putting the speech and more on CT. I referred to some other publication, but it doen’t matter. The 207 pages contain the original, verbatim.

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    Sebastian, Godfrey G and the commentators will benefit if they read Jane Russell’s doctoral thesis-based book Communal politics in the Donomough era.

    Ponnambalam was no saint and Christian, English-speaking, Colombo-living, vellala caste Tamil leaders were beggars in the colonial white masters domain.

    Black-white Christian Sinhala Colombo feudal politicians like Oliver G, Esmond Wickremasinghe, Sir John, DSS, JRJ messed up the whole country.

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      C. Wijeyawickrema,
      While Tamils begging white masters, what did these people do – “Black-white Christian Sinhala Colombo feudal politicians like Oliver G, Esmond Wickremasinghe, Sir John, DSS, JRJ.” You missed to include for fathers of SWRD, DSS,… Were they licking white man something?

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      C. Wijeyawickrema

      I wonder whether you wear Aryan Sinhala Suite or the white man’s Aryan European suit, more importantly when did you learn to wear G string underneath your Aryan Sinhala Suit?

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      Tamil Elites were not all Christians. GG Ponnambalam was a Hindu. Tamil Elite did great service to Sinhala culture and sought the friendship of the Sinhalese. One of them Sir.Ramanathan, risked his life to help Sinhala leaders who acted with malice toward the Tamils even before the turn of the 20th century.

      Christian Elites were as common among the Sinhalese as Tamils. There were MORE COLONIAL BOOT LICKERS AMONG THE SINHALESE THAN AMONG TAMILS. Many Sinhala Elites were by products of the colonial gene pool and that was not the case among the Tamil Elites. The descendants of these mixed blooded Sinhala leaders suddenly became the DIRECT DESCENDANTS OF DUTTU GEMUNU that is the logic only Sinhalese can understand. There were more Sinhala elites who were the lap dogs of the British than the Tamils.

      STARTING FROM Don Stephen Senanayake (son of Don Spater Senanayake), through Dudley Shelton Senanayake, Sir John Lionel Kotelawala, Neelaperumalge Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (previously Kalukapuge), Wijeyananda Dahanayake, Sirimavo Banadaranaike (of Mawalatenne Mohattala lineage), Thambi Mudiyansalage Junius Richard Jayawardene, Ranasinghe Premadasa (son of Richard Ranasinghe), Dingiri Banda Wijetunge, Chandrika Banadaranaike Kumaratunge and Mahendra PERCIVAL Rajapakse (Son of GEORGE Rajapakse), among our heads of government from Independence to date, I find only two men who can claim to have been untainted by the `ADAPTATION TO COLONIAL SYNDROME`, in name, religion or way of life.

      They are W.Dahanayake and Dingiri Banda Wijetunge. Of the others, some are of mixed race sometimes multiple, most have conveniently adopted western and Christian names, and religion to suit the periods their families have lived through and most have changed their mode of dress and way of life very quickly to FACILITATE POLITICAL SURVIVAL.

      Most of these men changed from `BROWN SAHIBS` to `ARYA SINHALA BUDDHIST PATRIOTS` almost overnight. However, all of
      them including W.Dahanayake and D.B.Wijetunge were standard-bearers for the Sinhala-Buddhist extremist ideology, in its many nuances to some degree or other. If not, they could not have attained power and held onto it.

      MAHINDA (Mahendra) PERCY (Percival) Rajapakse, the current President, has become the current standard-bearer of this EXTREME SINHALA BUDDHIST IDEOLOGY. PURSUIT of POWER, WEALTH and the right to EXPLOIT the common person and make a fool of him/her has been the only driving force behind these CHAMELEON-like TRANSFORMATIONS.

      While one cannot complain against adopting a new name, a new religion or a new way of life among people for whatever reason, what is abhorrent is the ease with which such transformations have taken place in most of these families, defying conscience and logic.

      Men and women who occupied the front pews during Sunday services in churches became regular visitors to Buddhist temples and patrons of Buddhism overnight. Men and women who had western Christian names, eliminated them from their families very quickly and started using names linked to Buddhism and Sinhala history. HOW MUCH OF THIS CHANGE WAS OUT OF GENUINE CONVICTION and how much of it is the continuance of a CHARADE OF POLITICAL EXPEDIENCY?

      The lap dogs of the colonial rulers of the past, had however very quickly become the keepers of a pernicious Sinhala-Buddhist ideology. Whether these men and women are selected, groomed, brought to power and kept in power, by the purveyors of this pernicious Sinhala-Buddhist ideology or whether these men and women in pursuit of power and wealth use these purveyors of hatred, is difficult to answer.

      On the other hand, Tamil leaders like SJV Chelvanayakam didn’t have to be converted back to Hinduism for political expediency like the Sinhala leaders and he remained as a Christian. Hindus are the overwhelming majority of Tamils but they accepted a Christian Chelvanayakam as their leader and still fondly remembers him as the father of Tamil Nation.

      It is however a MARRIAGE OF CONVENIENCE that has benefitted both. It has given those ruling, the space to abuse power and given those collaborating with them IN THE NAME OF SINHALA BUDDHISM to exercise a hold on power disproportionate to their strength. Both have successively taken the people for a ride for almost sixty years and DESTROYED SRI LANKA AS A NATION.

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    Fathima,
    So these wailing women had come prepared and brought with them ‘professional mourners’!
    Your imagination only equals your vicious mentality.
    Are you muslim or japanese?
    How do both groups mourn?

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    Equal Opportunity Employment is included in the US constitution under amendment 14 and in many developed countries. In Sri Lanka a few private companies practice EOE. Minorities face a inbuilt handicap in finding employment due to lack of contacts and references.

    Every attempt must be made to gazzete and advertise all govt vacancies and recruit firstly according to merit and then ethnic ratio. It is time that the Govt included EOE as a constitutional amendment. This should be done along with a language act and will go a long way in promoting peace and harmony amongst the various groups.

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      Safa,

      US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and Act.

      Absolutely needed for an Egalitarian Society free of discrimination as a first step.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equal_Employment_Opportunity_Commission

      Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) is a federal law enforcement agency that enforces laws against workplace discrimination. The EEOC investigates discrimination complaints based on an individual’s race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, disability, genetic information, and retaliation for reporting, participating in, and/or opposing a discriminatory practice.[3] In 2011, the Commission included “sex-stereotyping” of lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals as a form of sex discrimination illegal under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. [4][5] In 2012, the Commission expanded protection provided by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 to transgender status and gender identity.[6][7] The Commission also mediates and settles thousands of discrimination complaints each year prior to their investigation. The EEOC is also empowered to file discrimination suits against employers on behalf of alleged victims and to adjudicate claims of discrimination brought against federal agencies.[8][9]

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    If Mr. Siva wants to go back to 1931 he should get his history right, and may be read Dr. Jane Russell’s “communal poltics duner the Donoughmore …”.,
    and also some of what K. M. de Silva, Michael Roberts and others have writte.
    Michael Robert’s article
    Tamil nationalism: Journal of South Asian Studies, n.s., Vol.XXVII, no.1, April 2004 is a MUST READ.

    Then he would emerge from the common myths held to be true by many Tamils because they haven’t heard the real facts.

    He writes “In this backdrop, GG Ponnambalam, found that weakening representational strength of Tamils and the experience of the Pan Sinhalese Ministry in 1936 had alarming forebodings of marginalization”.

    The “pan-sinhala” period was a very short time compared to the pan-Tamil period when Ponnambalam Arunachalam, and P, Ramanathan family ruled even the Sinhalese for many decades. The thing that troubled Ramanathan was the weakening power of the upper castes and not the race itself, and he made representations all the way to London on this matter demanding that caste rights be legislated into the constitution.

    Meanwhile, in the wake of the Jaffna Boycott of the legislature demanding even more rights (beyond Donoughmore) from the British (Swaraja etc), Ponnambalam saw the opportunity to shift from caste-focused politics to race-centered politics as his means of capturing the ball from the Ramanathan family. With this in mind he unashamedly began a communal program of vilification of sinhala sentiments, attacking the Mahavamsa, claiming that the Sinhalese were a “mongrel race”, etc., and all these eventually led to the 1939 race riots in Nawalapitiya, just after a speech given by G. G. Ponna. The movement launched by Ponna also gave birth to the Sinhala Maha Sabha of SWRD as a counter, well documented by Dr. Jane Russell.

    However, by then Ponnambalam had indeed captured the
    leadership of Tamil politics, and pushed it to a position rejected by many liberal Tamils, Batticaloe Tamils, as well as the Muslims. It was also anathema to the Fabian intellectuals of WhiteHall, London that send various constitutional committees as well as Soulbury.

    Ponnambalam’s proposal of 50% seats for about 15% of the population (and the rest of the minorities who rejected his leadership or his formula), and 50% for the Sinhalese was described as an attempt to “stand democracy on the head” by The Soulbury commission who also noted that it was based on communal (i.e., racist) thinking. And yet, in the 21st century Mr. Siva is ready to approvingly present the same racist politics as having been argued by GGP with “great forensic skill”. Isn’t it a shame that we still have such racist thinking?

    If you go to USA, the Hispanic population is some 20% oof the full national population; and they have absolutely no special rights, in regard to language, right to a trial in Spanish etc., even on paper — rights that the Tamils in Sri Lanka have.

    If you go to New Mexico, or Southern California, Southern Texas, or Southern Arizona, the spanish-speaking people have majorities reaching close to 70%. But yet they are forced to work in English. The “minorities problem” that Mr. Siva talks of has never arisen. Aren’t the Hispanics in the USA Americans with equal rights? This is guaranteed by the US only in the english language. Why?

    How do the Tamils who immigrate to Poland, Norway, etc., manage very well, and learn the majority language of the country in double-quick time, and accept ethnic rights far worse than they have in Sri Lanka, without agitating for their “rights”? These Tamils are equal citizens of Poland, Norway or where ever. But they have a different approach ther anddon’t look for 50-50! Why?

    If you go to Kerala, the Tamils living their have NO RIGHT to send their children to school teaching in Tamil, or have their cases in court, or police hearings, given to them in Tamil. They may use Malayalam, or sometimes Hindi. Aren’t Tamils living in Kerala, Indians with equal rights?

    Mr. Siva has mis-represented the historical facts. Siva can perhaps read what
    Mr. Sebastian Rasalingam has written in the following articles

    http://pdfs.island.lk/2007/08/15/m1.pdf
    http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2008/03/regarding-some-basic-beliefs-of-tamil.htm
    http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2008/07/rise-and-fall-of-ceylonese-or-sri.html

    and write an honest response to these three articles.

    The thinking that exists where Tamils and Sinhalese identify themselves racially has no scientific or anthropological basis. As you can see, they, and their respective cultures thrive very well in southern metropolitan centers like Colombo, Galle, Nuwara-Eliya etc., without any problem.
    Politicians and amateur historians should leave it alone, to evolve freely.

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      Kauti

      A few days ago I informed you of the existence of many research papers if read, could have given some perspective to your ignorance. This was under Irathina Valli’s baby talk.

      Have you had time to read them all?

      Please ignore those papers if you are determined to remain an ill informed ignorant.

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      Roots of the Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka- Prof ALH Gunawardene, J of Buddhist Ethics, Vol10, 2003

      Two remarkably retrograde political acts in the modern history of Sri Lanka….. The first, which took place in 1936, is represented by the formation of the Pan-Sinhala Board of Ministers in the second State Council established under the Donoughmore Constitution. The exclusion of non-Sinhala members from the Board of Miisters through the manipulation of the Executive Committee system was to make cooperation among the Sinhala and Tamil elites even more difficult than previously. This particular incident should even today serve to caution us that Donoughmore-type constitutional reforms would not by themselves provide for equitable representation and sharing of power.
      The second measure that was undemocratic and socially unjust as it was politically most unwise was the disenfranchisement of labour of more recent Indian origin. This was the outcome of a series of legislation in 1948-49.

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      Michael Roberts and K.M.de Silva who have been contradicted by some Sinhalese and non-Sinhalese historians/social scientists have been tilting from Neutral towards Sinhala Nationalism.

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        Kingsley de Silva’s role as apologist to Sinhala chauvinism is long established. The UNP-leaning historian is known to rewrite
        Lankan history to satisfy current Buddhist Sinhala needs.

        Roberts’s academic neutrality took a back-seat as he lost his job
        in Australia and he looks for cushy (or cashy) opportunities here and so writes slanting recent history to please the eye of the beholders in the regime. People must live. no? to use some Singlish.

        “Before you read historical events take time to study the history of the historian” is standard wisdom in academic circles.

        Varathan

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    Isn’t it about time that the Godfrey G’s of this world are exposed for what they are – the “civilized” faced of that phalanx of Rajapassa acolytes – apologists ranging from the Sumanasekeras to the Dayan Jayatilleke’s. Every one of these is a reprehensible example of Sri Lankans who are truly a blot on our history.
    Let’s call a spade a spade instead of making excuses for these ….!

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      So why don’t you expose him?

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    A good case for scientific study. Numbers will speak better than words. However, the other aspect or the flip side of the coin that has to be also studied in depth and scientifically, is the number of Tamils who were at various levels of the public services from just before independence to say 2013 and the number of Tamils who qualified at the university entrance/ Advanced level examinations and those who gained admission to various faculties in the universities in the same period, in terms of the overall numbers taking the qualifying examination. The impact of swabasha education and conducting these examination in Sinhala, Tamil and English also should be studied.

    There has been much fishing in deliberately troubled waters and we need to view matters dispassionately and with the help of absolute numbers at least now.

    I am an advocate for equal opportunities for all and merit to be the only criterion that should matter in a national context. It is the citizens of Sri Lanka who should be factor in the eyes of the government and not whether they are Sinhala, Tamil or Muslim. Of course being the majority, the Sinhalese will prevail, but this should be purely on the basis of merit. The minorities will be content to accept this. The onus on the government would be to provide equal opportunities for all its citizens to attain the knowledge and skills required.

    Of course on the political front the old games are yet being played. Navi Pillai’s visit is generating new versions of the old game- Parangiya Kotte giya vagey- being almost played on a daily basis.

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

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      Equal opportunities for all and merit cannot be used in a asymmetrical economic, social, and political situation. I agree that if there were no race based politics equal opportunities and merit could have possibly reduced the racial tensions between Tamils, Muslims and Sinhalese. However, we should remember that there was a wide range of difference in Socio-Economic aspects. During the Colonial rule, only high social class Sinhalese and Tamils had the opportunity to get higher education and top level employment. Tamils had higher proportion in relation to Sinhalese. However, it is not the fault of Tamils but they took the opportunity that is available for them. The free education and the “suyabasa” system introduced was a good policy which enabled thousands of people from poor economic background to get into the ladder. However, the policy of Sinhala only act and race and Language based standardization were the worst policies that lead to the whole crisis in addition the race based colonization. The race based ideology created by the politicians is now in the blood and gene of the people. Even after the suffering and the loses to the Nation, its people over the last 7-8 decades, we haven’t learned the lessons. It is pity that we have to go through it again and again. It is our fate!

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    Is it possible to get a rough idea of the changes in percentage of Tamils in government service over the last 5/6 decades please?

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      Sivathasan/SenguttuvanNarendran may be able to help us or give us directions.

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    P, S, N.R,

    The information referred to by you is very relevant. But only the authentic will be tenable. A visit to Archives will be useful.

    As for ethnic composition, just one day’s labour with the Tele. Direct. will give you at least an >5% sampling result. 59,925 are classified as senior level officers in govt. and semi govt. institutions.

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      Thanks, Sivathasan.

      Is there any Govt Dept that supplies statistics on this please?

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      ”After landing, I head to the bustling suburb of Kokuvil to speak with Seenivasagam Kalaiselvam, who until recently was director of the Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority.
      Like most residents of the Northern Province, Kalaiselvam, 59, is a Tamil-speaking Hindu whose ancestors are from southern India. He was one of only three Tamils among the 400 staffers at his agency; most of the rest were Sinhalese Buddhists, who make up 74 percent of Sri Lanka’s population” – Elephants Stroll Past Temples on Once-Forbidden Sri Lankan Coastm 27 August 2013, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-08-27/exploring-sri-lanka-s-once-forbidden-coast.html

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    Native Vedda is a gon bass.

    Dress is not an indicator of black-whiteness. Because Europe’s three-piece suit that you wear now was copied from the Mongol warrior dress of chengis khan.

    When in hot climate of Colombo you wear coat and top hat as DSS crowd did in 1948 Feb 4th that is a black-white act. In cold weather in Europe if you use a neck tie to prevent cold air entering through your shirt collar it is necessity.

    Native Vedda is stupid because he lacks information and more knowledge.

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      C. Wijeyawickrema

      “Native Vedda is stupid because he lacks information and more knowledge.”

      I hate to agree with you that I lacked information and knowledge as you know all my teachers were either Sinhalese or Tamils. I am sorry about it however I would like to confirm that I am not stupid but bit thick.

      “Because Europe’s three-piece suit that you wear now was copied from the Mongol warrior dress of chengis khan.”

      I am of the opinion that Europe’s three-piece suit was first designed and worn by Aryan Sinhala Buddhists. I may be wrong.

      “When in hot climate of Colombo you wear coat and top hat as DSS crowd did in 1948 Feb 4th that is a black-white act.”

      When you were at high school, at Uni and during your working life were you wearing western clothes or usual Amude? What clothes did you wear when you were courting your girl friend or wanted to impress one? Amude I suppose.

      Please bear with me I am bit thick.

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    Not only this native vedda is stupid, but also a timid cheat. He cannot even disclose his real name!

    How can you be thick?
    You are soap.

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      C. Wijeyawickrema

      “Not only this native vedda is stupid, but also a timid cheat.”

      I am not stupid am bit thick.

      “How can you be thick?”

      Because all my teachers were either Sinhalese or Tamils.

      “You are soap.”

      Useful to clean your nasty dirty Aryan Sinhala Buddhist garb and freely available on Colombo Telegraph.

      Also useful to clean nasty dirty Dravidian Tamil Saivaite garb. Could you pass this soap to your Tamil brethren.

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