18 May, 2022

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Sri Lanka’s Sinhalese & Tamils: Historical Myths & Realities

By Thambu Kanagasabai

Thambu Kanagasabai

Thambu Kanagasabai

There is the popular but mistaken belief among Sri Lankans and elsewhere that “Mahavamsa”, a chronicle composed and written by Mahanama Thera in the sixth century is a record of the history of Ceylon. Anyone who reads Mahavamsa will find, besides various historical data, stories of miracles and supernatural happenings on various auspicious occasions, like instant earthquakes, floods, storms etc. However, discarding these fables, one will notice the author devoting nine chapters, (out of thirty three chapters) on Dutugamini, the Naga Buddhist king who defeated the Tamil king Elara in Anuradhapura in BC 101. While concentrating on Buddha’s visits to Sri Lanka, it has to be pointed out that Mahavamsa’s author Mahanama Thera concluded each chapter by stating, “ that this chapter is compiled for the serene joy and emotion of the pious”.

This statement expresses his motive and purpose, which was that Mahavamsa was meant and intended for pious and religious Buddhist devotees and their pleasure, and not meant to record the history of Sri Lanka. However, Mahavamsa without doubt records the historical data regarding the kings who ruled Ceylon starting from Devanampiya Tissa’s rule in BC 247, who introduced Buddhism in Ceylon, until the rule of Dhatusema in 351 AD.

One of the most striking paintings at Kelaniya: Lord Buddha bringing peace to the warring Naga kings Chulodara and Mahodara

One of the most striking paintings at Kelaniya: Lord Buddha bringing peace to the warring Naga kings Chulodara and Mahodara

Prof. G.C. Mendis, a well-known history scholar’s statement is relevant here, (Early History of Ceylon in 1948.); “Mahavamsa records is mainly traditional history, and its statements have to be carefully examined before they are accepted as historical evidence.” Consequently various examinations supported by archaeological investigations and undertaken by local Sinhalese and foreign researchers have revealed and dissected the truths and myths recorded in Mahavamsa.

One of the unauthenticated stories is the much-believed Vijaya and his 700 friends landing in Sri Lanka by boats from North India in BC 483. Mahavamsa records this event as happening on the day of lord Buddha’s attainment of Nirvana in North India. Undoubtedly this statement was recorded to glorify Vijaya. The story of Vijaya has long been doubted by various scholars including G.C. Mendis, S.P.E. Senaratne, H.W. Codrington, Susantha Goonetilake in their historical publications. (The Vijaya legend, Pre-Historic Archaeology of Ceylon, A Short History of Ceylon, The Formation of Lankan Culture, Ancient Ceylon). It is mentioned that Vijaya’s grandparents were a wild lion and a Bengali queen who co-habited for sixteen years in a cave. This account is a piece of unconvincing imagination. There is also no account of Vijaya involving in Buddhist activities, and Vijaya even if this story is true was neither a Sinhalese nor a Buddhist, as Buddhism was introduced in Ceylon in BC 247 (not in BC 483), and Sinhalese language grew to its full form in the 6th-7th centuries only.

Thus the story of Vijaya as the first settlers in Sri Lanka is nothing but a figment of imagination by the author. The absence of historical literature, records or writings regarding the history of Sri Lanka’s Tamils from BC 500 provided ample opportunities to Mahanama Thera and the previous monks to engage in recording eventful imaginary and mythical accounts in Mahavamsa, the sources of which are Jataka tales, Hindu puranas and other epics like Ramayanam. It is to be noted that the history of Ceylon Tamils began to be researched and recorded only in the 1900’s. Until this period, Mahavamsa and Vijaya were believed as true, and as sources of historical information for all Sri Lankans.

It is another piece of unauthenticated history which is woven around the lion grand-father, being the founder of the lion flag, and “Sihala” which got corrupted into “Sinhala” and then to “Sinhalese” as a race and language. Sinhalese race probably spoke Prakrit before the origin of Sinhalese language in 6th AD.

So who were the original inhabitants of Ceylon? They were the ‘Nagas’ or ‘Yakkas’ without any doubt and Ceylon was earlier called as ‘Naga Land’ and ‘Naga Deep’. Lord Buddha according to Mahavamsa made his second visit to Sri Lanka in BC 528 to settle the dispute between two blood related Naga kings, Mahodaran and Chodotharan ruling different territories in the North. Nagas also lived in India as the names Nagpore, Naga land, and Nagapattinam in India vouchsafe this fact. Likewise, in Sri Lanka, one will find the Naga names for places, temples, and men and women especially among Tamils (Nagar kovil, Nagalingam etc). About the origin of Sri Lankan’s Tamils, history reveals that they lived in the north and northwestern parts of Ceylon more than 3000 years ago, as confirmed after the excavations of human remains, which were found in the buried urns in Anaicottai Manthai and Pomparippu. They were similar to the ones found in Tamil Nadu. The Nagas living in all parts of Sri Lanka also ruled Sri Lanka as many names of kings, confirm their names ending with ‘Naga’.

With the introduction of Buddhism, which was widely practiced in Tamil Nadu from the 1st century to the 6th century, Buddhism came to be followed by the Tamils in the northern parts of Sri Lanka. Contribution to Buddhism by Tamil monks from Tamil Nadu is noteworthy. The most prominent Tamil monks who propagated Buddhism were Buddhamithira AD 5, Bodhidharma AD 6, who even went to China to propagate Buddhism like Vajirabodhi in AD 7. The Tamil epics of Kundalakesi and Manimekalai were purely Buddhism oriented. The Kandarodai excavations in Jaffna and the Buddhist remains confirm the practice of Buddhism by the Tamils in Jaffna. However, Buddhism lost its hold in Tamil Nadu, and among Tamils in the north due to the Saiva Bakthi campaign of Saiva saints particularly the four Nayanmars who spearheaded the emergence of Saivaism to control the influence of Buddhism and Jainism, which propagated down to earth radical policies and practices even denying the ‘existence of God’. Now, Mahavamsa’s account of Dutugemunu and how Dutugamini is now exploited by some politicians who conducted the wars against the LTTE deserves to be explained for the sake of truths. Dutugamini who defeated the Tamil king Elara in Anuradhapura in BC 101 is portrayed as a ‘Sinhalese hero’ who saved the Sinhala race and Sri Lanka from the Tamil invaders. This distorted version of racism has been inserted in the school textbooks, and no wonder the seeds of communalism and racial hatred have been allowed to pollute the minds of students, readers and public. The stark truth is Dutugamini was neither a Tamil nor a Sinhalese. He was a true Naga Buddhist whose parents were Hindus and even Dutugamini is said to have gone to worship the Hindu deity ‘Murugan’ at Kataragama, before proceeding to battle Elara. His army commander was Velu Sumana, a Tamil and Dutugamini never killed civilian Tamils during his entire period of life as a king or youngster. He honoured the fallen Tamil king and was mourning the deaths of soldiers from both sides for some days until consoled by the Buddhist monks. There is no record or evidence as to the famous statement purported to have been made by him to his mother about the reasons for his sleep with bended knees, which was due to threat from Tamils on one side and the sea on the other side. At the best, this was foisted or pasted to paint him as a Sinhalese hero and his battle as a communal one between the Tamil and Sinhalese Dutugamini. Like every king from the historical beginning he nursed the ambition of ruling the entirety of Sri Lanka under his one and only throne. This could not be faulted with as world’s history and even Sri Lanka’s history is replete with assassinations, coups, betrayals and killings aimed to capture power or remove political rivals.

About the rulers of Sri Lanka from BC 247 up to Portuguese conquest in AD 1505, there were five Tamil rulers before Dutugamini’s rule and fourteen rulers including eight Naga rulers after Dutugamini from BC 50 to AD 295 in Anuradhapura from AD 1240 until AD 1618 eighteen Arya Chakravarthis ruled in Jaffna barring a period of seventeen years (AD 1450-67), when Senbagaperumal adopted son of Parakiramabahu the Sixth, who built the Nallur temple, ruled Jaffna. This Jaffna kingdom extended up to Puttalam, as the notes of Ibn Batuta an Arab trader who visited Puttalam in AD 1344 confirm.

In the Eastern province, Batticaloa figured as the capital for many rulers exercising their powers. Records show about eighteen Tamil kings ruled from AD 20 to AD 1360, which included the Kalinga king Mahon also called as Kulakottan from AD 1215-55. It is to be noted that Mahavamsa mentions about the thirty-two Demela kings who were defeated by Dutugamini on his way to reach Anuradhapura. There is no denying of the fact that during Dutugamini’s reign Tamil kings were ruling all the regions in Sri Lanka, except the Ruhunu south ruled by Dutugamini. Undoubtedly, the Tamils have been living from BC 500 in Sri Lanka, later swelled by immigrations from Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

The statements of renowned historian Paul E. Peiris are relevant in this respect. (Nagadipa and Buddhist remains in Jaffna 1917 JRA Journal No. 70 P 12-18)

“I suggest that the north of Ceylon was a flourishing settlement before Vijaya was born”. “ Long before the arrival of Vijaya, there were in Lanka five recognized Iswarams of Siva, which claimed and received adoration of all India. These were Tiru Keteeswaram Munneswaram, Tondeswaram, Thirukoneswaram and Naguleswaram”.

Historical evidence proves the existence of Tamils in all directions of Ceylon who followed Saivaism before BC 500 and also the rules of Tamils all over Sri Lanka, except during Dutugamini’s rule, and until ended by Portuguese in AD 1620, who overpowered a valiant King Sangili.

The present communal conflict centres around the policy of liquidation of the ancient Tamils as a race with their language and traditions. Tamils who are now living mainly in the north, and eastern parts of Sri Lanka are facing the lethal weapons of militarization, Sinhalisation and Buddhisisation, which were inaugurated by D.S. Senanayake in 1948. This has also resulted in the genocide of Tamils stretching from 1958 to 2009.

The Sinhalese fears of preserving Sinhalese language and Buddhism from Tamils are illusory and unfounded as religion and language can be best preserved only by those who follow and practice them. Hinduism is the most tolerant religion in the world and when Periyar of Dravida Kalagam, an atheist started destroying statues of Vinayagar, he was not harmed and he lived up to 91 years, propagating anti-god policy.

The Tamils are now demanding only to live as equal citizens, managing their own lives, language and affairs in areas where they have lived for more than 2500 years, even though they were rulers of entire Ceylon at various historical periods. The fact is all Sri Lankans are Indians by origin until Sri Lanka got separated 7000 years ago and later all becoming Tamils and Sinhalese speaking Tamil and Sinhalese, and following Hinduism and Buddhism.

It is to be noted that the ancestors of two well-known families who changed the political history of Sri Lankans particularly the Tamils for the worse, S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike and JR Jayawardne migrated from Tamil Nadu in AD 15 and AD 17. Neela Perumal a Hindu priest appointed for Saman Temple in 1457 in Sri Lanka changed his name to Nayaka Pandaran and then to Bandaranaike.

JR Jayewardene’s family belonged to the Chettiar sect in Tamil Nadu, and their descendants later adopted the Sinhalese name Jayewardene. JR is the direct descendant of Don Adrian Wijesinghe Jayewardene, earlier called as Thambi Mudaliar who died in 1830.

The above Hindus later became Christians during colonial rule and became Buddhists to grab the political power in Sri Lanka.

It is apt to conclude this writing by quoting the renowned Sri Lanka’s Sinhalese historians:

Prof S. Paranavitana’s comments on ‘Mahavamsa’ in his book ‘History of Ceylon VOL. 1, PART 1, 1959 P.83 confirm the evidential value of Mahavamsa as follows:

“These traditions have been handed down orally for nearly a millennium before they were recorded in chronicles’.

Prof G.C. Mendis (Problem of Ceylon history- Colombo lecture 1966)

“Many Dravidians who settled in Ceylon learnt Sinhalese language and became Sinhalese”.

Mudaliyar W.F. Goonewardene ( 1918 Colombo lecture on September 28)

“Sinhalese script is derived immediately from the Tamil to any reasonable mind. Sinhalese, which came from nowhere, had its origin in Ceylon, and was built with Tamil as its framework. It must be said that Sinhalese is essentially a Dravidian language, child of Pali and Sanskrit, and daughter of Tamil with regard to its physical structure”. What the Tamils want is “ you live and leave us to live in our traditional homelands.”

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  • 7
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    Thambu Kanagasabai

    RE: Sri Lanka’s Sinhalese & Tamils: Historical Myths & Realities

    “So who were the original inhabitants of Ceylon? They were the ‘Nagas’ or ‘Yakkas’ without any doubt and Ceylon was earlier called as ‘Naga Land’ and ‘Naga Deep’.”

    Before the Paradeshis came, Paras came, it was the Land of native Veddah Aethho, the Veddah tribe. Everybody else is a Pran who came from Southern or Eastern India, except the recent arrivals from elsewhere.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f89NuukY32U

    1. Mahavamsa’s author Mahanama Thera concluded each chapter by stating, “ that this chapter is compiled for the serene joy and emotion of the pious”.This statement expresses his motive and purpose, which was that Mahavamsa was meant and intended for pious and religious Buddhist devotees and their pleasure, and not meant to record the history of Sri Lanka.

    It was written in Buddhist Jataka Story Style, with information from another Chronicle, the Dipawansa.

    Sri Lankas Aesop’s Fables!

    Aesop’s Fables or the Aesopica is a collection of fables credited to Aesop, a slave and storyteller believed to have lived in ancient Greece between 620 and 560 BCE. Of diverse origins, the stories associated with Aesop’s name have descended to modern times through a number of sources. They continue to be reinterpreted in different verbal registers and in popular as well as artistic mediums.

    2. “Mahavamsa records is mainly traditional history, and its statements have to be carefully examined before they are accepted as historical evidence.”

    Lion grandfather of Vijaya?

    3. “One of the unauthenticated stories is the much-believed Vijaya and his 700 friends landing in Sri Lanka by boats from North India in BC 483. Mahavamsa records this event as happening on the day of lord Buddha’s attainment of Nirvana in North India.:

    This is Marketing for those who want to believe.

    Remember, until the Copernican Revolution, 99.99999%, of the people believed the Ancients and the Church that the Sun goes around a stationary Earth. The Bible says, Joshua stopped the Sun for a whole day!. Even today, 25% of the Americans, 34% of the europeans, and perhaps 48% of the Sri lankans ( mostly those who voted for Mahinda Rajapaksa and believe in the Mahawansa myths) believe that the Sun goes around a stationary Earth.

    4. What about Buddha flying to Mount Samanala Kanda ( adams Peak) in the Middle of Native Veddah Aethho Country to imprint His Giant foot print?

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      Amara,
      Whats your beef with MR. I always see your comments full of hatred towards him.
      Sure he was no angel but so are/were the blokes before and after him.

      You talk about fish and somehow you will find away to bring MR into the scene and …..

      Take it easy man…

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        .
        Dear Thambu Kanagasabai,

        The antiquity of Tamils is established in India but to some, it remains a mystery in Sri Lanka.

        With such a wealth of knowledge and countless Learned Tamils within Tamil Society in India and Lanka, purportedly pre dating even the birth of the Sinhala Language or even Malayalam, it is indeed surprising for you to be groping for straws because you cannot refer to a SINGLE Tamil historical chronicle that records a Lanka Tamil History which can even come close to the ANTIQUITY of the Vamsa texts (Attha kata, Dipawamsa, Chulavamsa, Mahavamsa and Bodhivamsa).

        Were the ancient Lanka Tamils ILLITERATE?

        One of the OLDEST Tamil chronicles is the Tolkappiyam (2nd century BC). It mainly deals with the Grammar of the Tamil Language.

        It describes a Tamilakam (Tamil homeland or kingdom) bounded by the hills of Venkatam in the North and Cape Comorin in the South. Strangely there is NO REFERENCE TO ANY TAMIL TERRITORY IN SRI LANKA.

        The Mahabaratha refers to the Sinhalas as NATIVES of LANKA.

        Krishna addressing Yudhishththira says that he saw the Rulers of the Sinhalas at the Rajusya Sacrifice where he Identifies the Sinhalas as the Natives of Lanka.

        That was over 3000 years ago!

        Thus if we go by the Mahabaratha The Sinhalese ARE the NATIVES of Lanka and have a history dating back over 3 millennia. More than 500 years BEFORE Vijaya’s supposed arrival!!!

        Please note that the Cholas, Dravidas, Naga’s, Rakshasas, Veddas etc are not mentioned as inhabiting Lanka. Only the Sinhalas are mentioned as the Natives, Inhabitants and Rulers of Lanka In the case of the Veddas it may be because they are included as the Sinhalas (who are referred to as uncivilised).

        Then we have another inexplicable Physical fact.

        The Sinhalese outnumber the Lanka Tamils 5.4:1

        But no Sinhalese are found indigenous anywhere else in the world thus ruling out migration of Sinhalese from elsewhere to Lanka.

        Were the Tamils who migrated to Lanka, purportedly BEFORE the Sinhalese evolved in Lanka, had an IMPOTENCY / STERILITY / FERTILITY problem?

        However Genetic evidence indicates the present Lanka Tamils are not directly related to South Indian Tamils (either from South India itself or to the Plantation Tamils) but are related to the Sinhalese. The Sinhalese have Genetic links to the Indian subcontinent. According to one Indian genetic study the Indian Tamils are a Parental population of the Sinhalese but not of the Lanka Tamils.

        Thus the Lanka Tamils may be Tamil speaking Sinhalese and not Dravidians.

        According to Robert Knox the Malabars paid taxes to the King of Kandy for the land they occupied.

        He makes a distinction of the Natural subjects and the Malabars. The Moors did not have any land. The Sinhalese are described as the “Natural proper people” of the Island.

        He includes the Veddas to the Native group and say that the Vedda spoke Sinhala. (please see extracts from his book under the references)

        quote from Kingdom of Jaffna by S Pathmanathan p27.

        “The levy of an impost known as Demele kuli, which was a kind of
        poll tax, gives some indication of the Tamil settlements in the
        late Anuradhapura period. Such an impost was presumably collected
        from all Tamils living in the kingdom. The inscriptions of Sena II
        (853-887) mention this impost in connection with the villages of
        Posonavulla and Galindura gomandala” unquote

        Thus there were Tamils living as subjects of a Sinhala sovereign in a Sinhala kingdom.

        The East was NEVER Tamil. The Territory was taken by the Colonials from the Sinhalese.

        Knox says Kuttiar, Baticoloa and Trinco were taken by the Dutch from the Kandyan King WHILE HE WAS HERE.

        Sujit Sivasundaram in his book, “Islanded: Britain, Sri Lanka, and the Bounds of an Indian Ocean Colony”, also confirms the following five ports were under the King of Kandy. Kalpitiya and Puttalam on the west coast and Trincomalee, Kottiyar, and Batticaloa on the east coast. (please see under references)

        Then we have a Record in the Dutch National Archive that says

        quote “During the 17th century the Company was engaged in a war of attrition with the king of Kandy”….unquote

        Dutch ruled the former Jaffna Kingdom in the 17th century.
        They were at war with the Sinhala Kingdom of Kandy.

        quote “There was a narrow tongue of land at Elephant Pass a fort was built to guard the border with the king’s territory” unquote

        They built a fort at Elephant Pass.
        It guarded the BORDER of the Jaffna Kingdom from the Sinhala Armies. That BORDER was WITH the Kandyan King’s Territory.

        Thus on one side of the BORDER was the Dutch occupied Jaffna Tamil Kingdom and on the other side the Kandyan Kingdom of the Sinhalese.

        Lanka of old had dense forests and even to cultivate a Chena the subjects had too obtain the King’s permission as ALL LAND was King’s property and conserving forests was a defense strategy. No one dared to cut down trees in the forests.

        There were villages interspersed within the forests. The forests itself were UNINHABITED save for the Vedda.

        Re “Hinduism is the most tolerant religion in the world”

        I am sorry to say that statement of yours underlines how dishonest you are.

        Have you forgotten the Hindu Manusmrti or the Laws of Manu?

        Here is how that was put to use in Jaffna

        Ragunathan (2004: 22-23) listed a series of 24 customary prohibitions enforced by the upper caste elite on Panchamars (Low Casts) during the 1950s. These prohibitions were as follows:

        1. Males should not wear an upper garment.
        2. ‘Verti’ should not hang below the ankle.
        3. Men should not wear “Shalvei” on the shoulder.

        4. Females should not wear an upper garment.
        5. Females should not wear the “thaavani” (sari “potta”).
        6. The Panchamar should not travel unnecessarily on roads and in public places. When proceeding on permitted paths, they must announce their coming by dragging a “kaavolei” (dried Palmyrah leaf) behind them.

        7. Panchamar must not wear any jewellery.
        8. Panchamar should not tie “thali” (wedding necklace).
        9. Panchamar must not wear white for higher rituals.
        10. Panchamar must not wear white for important/special rituals.
        11. They must bury the dead without cremation.
        12. Use of musical instruments to rejoice or mourn prohibited.
        13. Music at auspicious or inauspicious functions prohibited.
        14. They should not use the ponds of the “high” castes.
        15. They must not use umbrellas.
        16. They must not wear footwear.
        17. They must not study.
        18. Gods of the “high” castes prohibited in their temples.
        19. They cannot enter the “high” caste temples.
        20. They must not enter tea-shops.
        21. They must not draw water from public wells.
        22. They cannot either drive or travel in cycles and cars.
        23. They cannot sit while traveling in buses.
        24. In schools, they were not allowed to sit on chairs.

        Schooling was PROHIBITED to the Panchamar till the colonial govt intervened.

        Quote
        Even by the mid-20th century the status of the pallas, for example, was hardly any better than a century before. Tambiah quotes from the Manual of the Madura District published in 1868 to describe the position of the pallas in 1951.

        They are a numerous but abject and despised race. Their principal occupation is ploughing the land of the more fortunate Tamils, and though normally free, they are usually slaves in almost every sense of the word.’ The outcastes or parayas had a deplorable social status. Among this group, there was a caste unique to Jaffna, the turumbas or washers men to the parayas. They were not allowed to be seen in the daylight and could only travel by night

        VERY TOLERANT INDEED

        ————-
        References

        quote from Sujit Sivasundaram’s book “Islanded: Britain, Sri Lanka, and the Bounds of an Indian Ocean Colony”

        “The Kandyans had control over five ports at the time that the Dutch succeeded the Portuguese on the coastal belt in the seventeenth century: these were Kalpitiya and Puttalam on the west coast and Trincomalee, Kottiyar, and Batticaloa on the east coast (fig. 2.11.6 Each of these ports was linked to a particular segment of the Kandyan kingdom”
        unquote

        Robert Knox in his book says
        “Besides the Dutch who possess, as I judg, about one fourth of the Island, there are Malabars, that are free Denizons and pay duty to the King for the Land they enjoy, as the Kings natural Subjects do; there are also Moors, who are like Strangers, and hold no Land, but live by carrying goods to the Sea-Ports, which now are in the Hollanders hands. The Sea-Ports are inhabited by a mixt people, Malabars and Moors, and some that are black, who profess themselves Roman Catholicks, and wear Crosses, and use Beads. Some of these are under the Hollander; and pay toll and tribute to them.

        But I am to speak only of the natural proper People of the Island, which they call Chingulays.”

        “Of these Natives there be two sorts, Wild and Tame. I will begin with the former. For as in these Woods there are Wild Beasts so Wild Men also. The Land of Bintan is all covered with mighty Woods, filled with abundance of Deer. In this Land are many of these wild men; they call them Vaddahs, dwelling near no other Inhabitants. They speak the Chingulayes Language.”

        These ly to the Westward that follow, Oudipollat, Dolusbaug, Hotteracourly, containing four Counties; Portaloon, Tuncourly, containing three Counties; Cuttiar. Which last, together with Batticalaw, and a part of Tuncourly, the Hollander took from the King during my being there. There are about ten or twelve more un-named, next bordering on the Coasts, which are under the Hollander. All these Provinces and Counties, excepting six, Tammanquod, Vellas, Paunoa, Hotteracourly, Hotcourly, and Neurecalava, ly upon Hills fruitful and dwell watered: and therefore they are called in one word Conde Uda, which signifies, On top of the Hills, and the King is styled, the King of Conde Uda.

        Mahabharata, Book 3, Chapter 51,
        Vasudeva Krishna to Yudhisthira

        All kings, even those of the Vangas and Angas and Paundras and Odras and Cholas and Dravidas and Andhakas, and the chiefs of many islands and countries on the seaboard as also of frontier states, including the rulers of the Sinhalas, the barbarous mlecchas, the natives of Lanka (wiki)

        The Encyclopedia Britanica describing the Vamsa texts states

        “These texts, which may be ecclesiastically oriented, dynastically oriented, or both at the same time, usually either relate the lineage of a particular individual, king, or family or describe in concrete terms the history of a particular object, region, place, or thing.”

        I hope you will respond.

        Kind Regards,
        OTC

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          One of the best explanations put forward by We Thamizh is that the Sinhalese of Lanka mentioned in ancient chronicles weren’t actually Sinhalese but Tamils who were called Sinhalese. Then they became Tamil and some time later some other Tamils turned into Sinhalese. So the Sinhalese today who are actually Tamils have nothing to do with the ancient Sinhalese who were actually Tamils. You can’t make this stuff up :D

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            So what are the Sinhalese then? Are they Aryans, if so why don’t they look like Pathans and fair skinned Sikhs.

            Why do Sinhalese look like Dravidians and other dark skinned peoples of India.

            There has been genetic testing done on Sri lankans ; both Sinhalese and Tamils are essentially the same.

            So tell me which is more plausible, that the dark skinned Sinhalese are just Dravidians and Munda people who switched over to an Aryan language or that Tamils are Aryans who switched over to a Dravidian language.

            • 3
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              Dear Palmsquirrell,

              I have written very extensively on the subject here on CT. Apparently you have not seen any of them.

              Please read the following two links and come back to discuss further.

              https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/heritage-nationalism-a-bane-of-sri-lanka/comment-page-1/#comment-1806723

              https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/heritage-nationalism-a-bane-of-sri-lanka/comment-page-1/#comment-1804722

              Kind Regards,
              OTC

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              SINHALA people are 110% Malayalies of Todays Kerala and then Tamil Sera Kingdom ……Sinhala language has no alphabet till 10th century ..all their fabricated .comic books were written in Pali….Sinhalease got fair skin after the arrival of Europeans ….

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                Dear Cholan,

                Instead of making idiotic unsupported claims (that most separatist Tamils are adept in) please read the article and the comments challenging it and write an intelligent comment with supporting verifiable evidence that can counter the evidences already presented within the discussion.

                Kind Regards,
                OTC

          • 4
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            Imposter Sarma,

            your indignation towards the notion that you could have a Tamil root is unequivocally obvious :D Poor you; let me reassure you; forget about the past and you can be rest assured that you are a pure Sinhala; there is no doubt about that :D

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              Dear Burning Issue,

              I have not seen you so concerned when Tamils impersonate other ethnic groups. Some of them are regulars on CT with daily postings.

              I can remember you siding with a Tamil impersonating a Sinhalese in the recent past until he exposed himself by doing a sex change and getting caught in his panties to Siva!!

              Siva may be Tamil or he may be half Tamil. He may be ashamed of the antics of fellow Tamils who are posting doctored Maps, posts in multiple names etc to steal PUBLIC land and deprive the birthright of Lanka’s citizens.

              He may be ashamed of the Land Grab that is the Exclusive Historical Tamil Homeland.

              If that is the case does he not have a democratic right to express his views about it?

              What is laughable is your double standards and your inability to defend the Land Grab.

              Kind Regards,
              OTC

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                OTC, his followers and leaders

                “Tamil separatist” drew this map
                http://www.themaphouse.com/search_getamap.aspx?id=120705&ref=IC2299 and asked this website to publish it.

                Even CH4 might have helped them to produce the map!

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                  Dear Anpu,

                  The more you struggle to DISHONESTLY get out of the Cesspit you got yourself into the more excreta you get on yourself.

                  The ONLY way out for you is to apologise to the CT Readership for the way you tried to deceive them.

                  You posted Robert Morden’s map to show the Tamils controlled the East. That’s why the DISHONEST, FRAUDULENT, FOOLISH, Tamil Scoundrel who posted the Map on the Wiki labeled the JPEG file as RobMordenmapTamilcountryVanni.jpg
                  .
                  https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/RobMordenmap TamilcountryVanni.jpg
                  .
                  There is NOTHING in that Map about a Tamil Country.

                  The Map shows the Territory under the Dutch

                  Quote “The Holander is now master of all the sea coast; the inland country is under the king of Candy, and is divided into several Parts or Provinces, which lie upon Hills fruitful and well watered and are called in general Conde Uda.” unquote (from the description in the map)

                  I found the Map in Robert Marsdon’s book p450 and it was in black and white you have now produced a coloured version of it from an authoritative source.

                  But you have OMITTED to explain WHY you posted this in a discussion centered on the ABSENCE of ANY Tamil Control of the East claiming “Picture worth thousands of words”

                  This is like showing a Picture of Buckingham Palace and claiming its your Home.

                  The Picture is true but the claim is Fraudulent.

                  Kind Regards,
                  OTC

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                    OTC,

                    “The ONLY way out for you is to apologise to the CT Readership for the way you tried to deceive them. “

                    You are the one need to APPOLOGISE for twisting!!!!

                    • 4
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                      Dear Anpu,

                      You may pretend that you did not understand what you just read. But there are many readers who can see what you tried to do.

                      The language is simple, straightforward and uncomplicated.


                      Robert Marsdon’s map showed the territory under Dutch Control. You claimed it was territory under Tamil control.

                      Only a Brainwashed Separatist Idiot would say that is honest.

                      You are welcome to live the Lie.
                      But now we ALL know what you are.

                      Kind Regards,
                      OTC

        • 4
          5

          OTC,

          “The East was NEVER Tamil. ” LIE.

          This is another peace of evidence.

          “This modest kingdom is not confined to the little district of Jaffnapatnam because to it are also added the neighboring lands and those of the Vanni which is said to be name of the lordship which they held before we obtained pocession of them, separated from the proceeding by a salty river and connected only in the extremity or isthamus of Pachalapali within which the lands of Baligamo, Bedamarache and Pachalapali forming that peninsula and outside of it stretch the lands of Vanni. Crosswise, from the side of Mannar to that of Triquillemele, being separated also from the country of Mantota in the jurisdiction of Captain of Mannar by the river Paragali;which (lands) ends in the river of the Cross in the midst of the lands of Vanni and of others which stretch as far as Triquillemele which according to the map appears to be a large tract of country”.[8]

          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portuguese_conquest_of_the_Jaffna_kingdom

          • 4
            4

            Dear Anpu,

            On April 17, 2015 at 11:42 am you posted a wiki link to a DOCTORED map which you claimed was a Tamil Kingdom.

            I proved to you by producing the ORIGINAL map which is found on page 450 of Rob Mordon’s book, “Geography Rectified: Or, A Description Of The World, In all its Kingdoms …” that what you produced was a PHOTOSHOPPED FORGERY of the Original Black and White map.

            See my comment here https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-solution-to-the-ethnic-problem/comment-page-1/#comment-1814549

            On April 19 you said “Thank you for the link. I have not read it yet”

            Today is April 24 and you would have had adequate time to read it but you disappeared without comment.

            On April 16, 2015 at 4:06 pm you copied and pasted a comment by JL Devanada that appeared in the Sri Lanka Guardian in 2010 as a challenge to my comment of April 13, 2015 at 9:44 pm (link https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-solution-to-the-ethnic-problem/comment-page-1/#comment-1812425)

            I made a comprehensive reply on April 17, 2015 at 4:29 am analysing and disproving the JLD comment you posted (link https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-solution-to-the-ethnic-problem/comment-page-1/#comment-1814549)

            Again you disappeared.

            When you posted that PHOTOSHOPPED FRAUDULENT MAP I wrote the following

            This shows how the Tamil Separatists have CORRUPTED THE WIKI AND HAS MADE IT COMPLETELY UNRELIABLE AS A SOURCE OF INFORMATION ON LANKA. The gullible wiki surfer will think that this is true, though it’s TOTALLY false.

            Do you have any corroborative evidence in support?

            Did you read the references I provided?
            Apparently you haven’t.

            Robert Knox says “….Cuttiar. Which last, together with Batticalaw, and a part of Tuncourly, the Hollander took from the King during my being there”

            This is not SECOND HAND evidence. Knox confirms as a WITNESS that Cuttiar, Batticalaw and part of Tuncourly was taken by the Dutch from the Kandyan Kingdom.

            Sujit Sivasundaram’s book “Islanded: Britain, Sri Lanka, and the Bounds of an Indian Ocean Colony”

            “The Kandyans had control over five ports at the time that the Dutch succeeded the Portuguese on the coastal belt in the seventeenth century: these were Kalpitiya and Puttalam on the west coast and Trincomalee, Kottiyar, and Batticaloa on the east coast (fig. 2.11.6 Each of these ports was linked to a particular segment of the Kandyan kingdom”

            The Dutch also confirms that the Territory of the Kandyan Kingdom reached up to Elephant Pass in the 17th century. Thus any territory taken by the Dutch at a later date had to be taken from the Kandyan Kingdom.

            Please read the following from you own reference

            “At the time, the mainland South of Elephant Pass was claimed by the King of Kandy, Senerat; he and his troops were consistently harassing the Portuguese in the Jaffna Peninsula”

            Thus from Portuguese times (16th century) to Dutch times (17th century) the MAINLAND SOUTH OF ELEPHANT PASS was the Territory of the Kandyan Kingdom. This means Trincomalee was beyond the reach of the Jaffna Kingdom (it was not contiguous).

            In the 16th century the Tamil population would have been around a 100,000 and it would have been impossible for the Jaffna Kingdom to overcome the Kandyan Kingdom, and to hold on to an impossibly large territory with a small army against a foe 5.4 times as large as them.

            You seem to be highly agitated by the Evidence that you never thought existed.

            You post from here and there and disappear when confronted with evidence. When will you stop this disappearing act?

            Kind Regards,
            OTC

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              4

              OTC,

              “On April 17, 2015 at 11:42 am you posted a wiki link to a DOCTORED map which you claimed was a Tamil Kingdom”

              Check again and tell me what did I calim?

              This is how you twist.

              • 3
                4

                Dear Anpu,

                This is what you claimed.

                What do we get from this picture From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trincomalee map drawn in 1688 https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b0/RobMordenmapTamilcountryVanni.jpg

                “Picture worth thousands of words”

                Your words have been EMPHASIZED.

                RobMordenmap TamilcountryVanni.jpg

                When you post anything you take responsibility to what you post.
                Don’t try to runaway and absolve yourself of that responsibility.

                That is a Characteristic of Intellectual Frauds and Cowards.

                The FACTS I presented EXPOSED the DOCTORING of that Map by a back boneless Tamil Separatist THIEF.

                This is the type of fraudulent material that most of the Tamil Separatist bloggers writing to CT and other web sites use to CONFUSE the unwary reader. You and Thambu Kanagasabai are prime examples.

                A forthright and straight forward person would have appologised for posting such a fraudulent document, if it was posted without knowledge of the Fraud. You have not done that.

                You are trying to hide behind words.

                For what PURPOSE did you post the Map if not to prove the Tamil Country? Why did you say “Picture worth thousands of words”?

                Now when you get caught with your pants down you try the “Baby Faced Innocence” trick.

                Kind Regards,
                OTC

            • 3
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              Don’t forget this bit from the same link:

              “Kingdom of Jaffnapattnum consisted of the Jaffna Peninsula, the Islands off Jaffna and the Island of Mannar. “

              Which ties in well with the Portuguese observation of a “kingdom” which held a few square leagues of land with about 20,000 “poor, extremely weak” men. We Thamizh truely are masters at scoring own goals :D

                • 4
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                  Dear Anpu,

                  What is the ORIGINAL source of the Map?

                  A separatist website such as the Sangam.org is hardly a reliable source for data on the Sinhala Kandyan Kingdom.

                  Kind Regards,
                  OTC

              • 2
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                Imposter Sarma,

                you talk about history! Man, you have me in stitches :D

              • 3
                2

                Dear Siva Sankaran Sarma,

                Queyroz’s book contains hearsay (he uses phrases such as “they say” very often) as well as his observations. Read the book. Here is a link to down load it.

                http://www.scribd.com/doc/190212853/The-Temporal-and-Spiritual-Conquest-of-Ceylon-Vol-I#scribd

                You can see that Jaffna was a Vassal state vide “subject to the Emperors of Ceylon”

                The sentence “Crosswise, from the side of Mannar to that of Triquillemele,” is a reference to the SIDE which is West (Mannar) and East (Trinco).

                Note that he says there was ONLY ONE CITY which was Nelur.

                The description of Jaffna kingdom begins with Sapumal Kumaraya (Champika Perumal). That was the time the Jaffna Kingdom was ruled by Kotte.

                Kind Regards,
                OTC

                • 3
                  2

                  Thanks for the link. Queyroz is also quite clear about how big this “kingdom” was – four leagues by six leagues (page 50), which translates to a few hundred square miles at most :D

                  • 4
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                    Yes, you are right.

                    Four Leagues is 19.3 km
                    Six Leagues is 29 km

                    Taking the shape into account the Area would be around 300 – 400 square km.

                    That fits with the population that Queyroz states.

                    Burning seems to be hounding you but he had no problem in aligning with the Tamil who you caught doing a sex change pretending to be a Sinhalese.

                    He also does not find it objectionable for a Tamil Daily poster on CT who pretends he is not a Tamil.

                    I find the double standard laughable

                    Did you notice that he has not challenged the exposure of the mythical Tamil Homeland in the East?

            • 2
              4

              When your Kandayan Kingdom (originated because of COLONIZATION OF South Indian Hindus MANAWADUS) was a jungle …Trincomale and Thrukovil in the East were well known cities even there were regular boat services between two cities ….

              • 4
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                Dear Cholan,

                Instead of making unsupported claims (that most separatist Tamils are adept in) please write an intelligent comment with supporting verifiable evidence that can counter the evidences already presented within the discussion.

                Kind Regards,
                OTC

        • 1
          1

          Excellent response to another purveyor of fantasy.

      • 0
        2

        Purawesi

        “Whats your beef with MR. I always see your comments full of hatred towards him”

        Medamulana Mahinda Rajapaksa was the greatest Liar, Crook, Robber and Criminal Sri Lanka had since Independence.Fortunately, people with common sense are beginning to realize this, and this is one of the reason why 6.3 million people Vote him out.

        Amarasirui, recognized this early on, and one of Amarasiri’s Missions is to expose this Charlatan, so that those Modayas, Mootals and Fools who believed him and voted for him will realize the error they made.

        This is a long process, even though the Colombo Telegraph Tag Line says, “In Journalism, Truth is a Process”

        Medamulana Mahinda Rajapaksa was counting on the Modayas, Mootals and Fools, staying that way. Amarasiri wantd to change that by Educating the Modayas, Mootals and Fools.

        Remember, even after 450 odd years, still 25% of Americans, 34% of Europeans and about 48% of Sri Lankans, mostly those Modayas, Mootals and Fools with averahe IQ of 65 who Voted for Mahinda Rajapaksa, belive the Sun goes around the earth.

  • 13
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    This version of history of Sri Lanka is as ridiculous and even more fanciful than that recorded in the Mahavamsa.No history of this country written by numerous scholars, whilst sceptical of some ‘mythological’ fancies contained in the Mahavamsa,gives credence to any of this author’s claims.
    That there was a Dravidian populous in Sri Lanka since BCE cannot be denied.What is also clear is that there was a separation of cultures between the identifiable dravidian Hindus and the Buddhist ‘Aryan’ (so claimed) during the course of this country’s history.
    The Mahavamsa and Chulavansa chronology of ‘Sinhala’ Buddhist kings, cannot be written off as mythology, there is overwhelming archeological evidence not to do so.
    Once again the canard of the Tamil Genocide,is raised by this worthy, whilst claiming that what the Tamils want is equal rights.
    We are in today’s political context at a threshold of entering into an era, where active reconciliation not only between the Sinhalese and Tamils but also among the majority and all of the minorities is being espoused by the President of this country.It is time that all the citizens of this country, what ever ethnic or religious fractions they may belong to, give him your unstinted support that we may at last be one nation.History should not be repeated.
    Just as much as the Majority is ready to pursue true reconciliation,the minorities must join in and ensure that it becomes a realty. There is strenght in our diversity. We must abandon the parochial, the emphasis of one’s ethnicity, or dwell examining history to prove or disprove bygone events.One unified Sri Lankan Identity created by an amalgam of the plurality that we are, should ensure that everyone in this country enjoy with out discrimination all the rights as a citizen of this truly resplendent land.

  • 17
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    Thambu Kanagasabai (TK) has added lot more fiction to Sri Lankan history in his diatribe. The Sinhalese will believe in their history as they wish and TK and his tribes are entitled to have their own versions of history. Elara was not a (Sri Lankan) Tamil king but an invader and looter from Tamil Nadu. Most Tamils living in Sri Lanka are of recent Tamil Nadu decent and their claims for self rule ghettos will not be tolerated by the majority. Besides, actions of those looters of the past and recent Tamil Terrorists will disqualify them of any claims they may make. TK is hard pressed to find evidence of Tamil habitation except for contested antiquities but, the glorious achievements of the Sinhalese are abundant and admired world over. I suggest TK to explore other avenues for attaining equality in status (that already exists) rather than propagate bogus concepts of habitation for creating an illusory Tamil only ghettos to preserve casteism and “top dog” mindset over the impoverished lower caste Tamils. Attaining equality in citizenship in a Unitary Sri Lanka is a lot easier than attaining Nirvana (you often speak of)! Cheers!

    • 15
      8

      lal loo

      “Attaining equality in citizenship in a Unitary Sri Lanka is a lot easier than attaining Nirvana (you often speak of)! Cheers!”

      Attaining Nirvana (Nibbana) by Dayan at Kanetta is a lot more easier than democratizing the entire island under unitary state.

      • 3
        2

        Native Vedda

        “Attaining Nirvana (Nibbana) by Dayan at Kanetta is a lot more easier than democratizing the entire island under unitary state.”

        Still waiting. When will it happen? Can Mahinda Rajapaksa’s astrologer tell us?

    • 13
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      Do you still believe that you born to a lion? If so, why don’t you prove it by mating with lions and see how your generation comes out as pure Sinhalese?

      • 1
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        I think the Sinhalese who believe in this myth of their origin to a lion should try mating with a lion and or another animal to see whether they succeed. But better mate with a donkey for a suitable product.

        • 3
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          Dear Ms. priyangika,

          You seem to be living in an era where people believed that the world was flat and the Sun revolved around the Earth.

          Apparently you are an IDIOT as far as scientific knowledge is concerned.

          Luckily for you, what you say is impossible. Otherwise your house would be filled with Dogie Humanoids.

          I am not being more explicit though your Vulgar comment deserves one.

          Kind regards,
          OTC

  • 16
    4

    “Thus the story of Vijaya as the first settlers in Sri Lanka is nothing but a figment of imagination by the author” Kanagasabai.

    We cannot know this for certain. It may or may not have been.

    What is absolutely certain is the true history of ancient SL is lost!. Agenda takes center stage in the different versions of history presented by vested parties.

    Sinhalese want to call the shots on the Island. So they present a version of history that justifies the shot calling. Tamils dispute that history and present a version that suits them.

    At best we can make educated guesses. But we will never really know.

    • 16
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      Today the Sri Lankan Buddhists are Sinhalese and Sri Lankan Hindus are Tamils but that was not the case in the ancient past. In the past, not only there were Tamil Buddhists but also Hindu Sinhalese. Many Sinhalese, whether Buddhist or Christian, are still practicing Hindu religious traditions openly. At every Buddhist temple you find Hindu Gods (according to Buddhism, a Buddhist should not pray to any god). If you go to the Hindu temples like Katharagama and Muneshwaram, you find more Sinhala devotees than Tamil. On the other hand, even today if you go to the Naga Vihara Buddhist temple in Jaffna town (not the Nagadveepa), you will be able to see some locals (Tamils) worship the Buddha/Dagoba, it is a practice among some Tamils. During and after the long Chola rule in the 10th century AD, some Tamil Buddhists got converted into Tamil Hindus and moved to the North while others got converted into Sinhala Buddhists and moved to the South.

      From very early times, both Hinduism and Buddhism appeared to have flourished in Sri Lanka. The Buddhist archaeological sites in the Tamil North & East, or the Hindu archaeological sites in the Sinhala South are not strange phenomena in the island. The Sri Lankan Tamils had been living in all parts of Sri Lanka for many centuries. It was only after the Jaffna kingdom was formed in the 13th century, the Tamils were confined to the North and East. However, the Sri Lankan Tamils do not go and demographically claim Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa (a capital built by the Cholas), Padaviya, Kurunegala, Kandy, Kotte (Colombo) or the Dondra Head (the southernmost point in the island), citing the presence of Saiva (Hindu) sites there like the Sinhalese claiming the North & East citing the presence of Buddhist sites.

      If you read the Mahavamsa carefully, even Dutugemunu’s father King Kavantissa the king of Rohana (Kingdom in Southern Sri Lanka) had told Dutugemunu not to invade (Rajarata) the land of the Damilas. He had said, Rohana the region on this side of the river (Southern territory) has enough land. There is evidence in the Mahavamsa that the Northern territory (Rajarata) was occupied by the Tamils. It says, Dutugemunu had to conquer not just one Tamil king (Elara) but 32 Tamil Chieftains (kinglets) before reaching Anuradapura.

      • 4
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        Raja, firstly the idea that one can figure out the dynamics of society on the island 2500 to 1500 years ago based on the locations of temples and and what this and that historical texts has to say is to me at least, silly. Most or all ancients texts have some kind of bias. At best we can have a vague idea of the complex nature of what really happened.

        Secondly, versions of the history of the island have been used to by various professors and scholars to fuel ethnic divisions and the conflict. Therefore I am suspicious of the intentions of the Kanagasabai/Ratnawali types, is it to educate or to provoke?

        • 3
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          Bedrock Barney

          Are you the one who hounded Ratnawali out of this forum? Poor child.

        • 5
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          Dear Bedrock Barney,

          Re “firstly the idea that one can figure out the dynamics of society on the island 2500 to 1500 years ago based on the locations of temples and and what this and that historical texts has to say is to me at least, silly”

          You are correct for the following reasons.

          The Sinhalese evolved in Lanka from Indian and Lankan Parental populations. Sinhalese as an indigenous group is not found anywhere else in the world.

          Since Hinduism (or derivatives) was the predominant religion in India during that period the Indians who came here would have been Hindu. Thus the existence of Hindu Kovils or Indian artifacts does not prove anything other than the Source of the Early immigrants and parental populations. Which Genetics have already established.

          Robert Knox states that the East was under the Kandyan Kingdom of the Sinhalese (please see my comment above for details https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/sri-lankas-sinhalese-tamils-historical-myths-realities/comment-page-1/#comment-1818330)

          There is also a Dutch record of the 17th century that shows that the Border of the Kandyan Kingdom extended to Elephant Pass (http://www.atlasofmutualheritage.nl/en/location/?id=813). Thus the whole of the Eastern seaboard gets excluded from the Jaffna Tamil kingdom as that territory was partly under the Dutch and partly under the Kandyan Kingdom.

          The British enacted draconian laws such as Waste Lands Act (1897), Crown Land Enforcement Ordinance (1840), Land Settlement Ordinance (1889) etc. to Rob the Sinhalese of their Lands.

          Today there are over a million Sinhala peasants who are landless and destitute because their original lands are today occupied by nearly a million Tamils (who were then ALIEN Indians) and Plantations.

          Even a Century later the pitiful affects of those draconian laws can be seen from the following.

          “According to the 1946 census on population in the agricultural sector of the island, 40% of the agricultural peasant families found in the former Kandyan Kingdom were landless while there were 26% landless agricultural families recorded in the wet zone” (Herath 1995: 79).

          Recognising the problem, the newly independent govt embarked on a massive development scheme to open up UNINHABITED FOREST land by constructing a dam across the Gal Oya (river) and creating the largest reservoir in Lanka, the “Senanayake Samudra”. Forest Land 98,850 acres in extent became available for settlement of the Landless.

          This was Kandyan Kingdom Land and was UNINHABITED.

          Veddhas, Moors, Tamils and the Landless Sinhala described above were selected for settlement.

          Then the Tamil politicians (who were exclusively High Cast Tamils) started racist objections. They claimed that this was Tamil Land (which was fraudulent). The Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF) claimed it was EXCLUSIVELY Tamil Land in their election manifesto of July 1977.

          It was the TULF that nurtured the Terrorists who were affectionately referred to as “our boys” until the “boys” started assassinating the high cast Vellala Tamil Leadership.

          This is the Root Cause of the Ethnic problems in Lanka.

          Kind Regards,
          OTC

          • 3
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            OTC,

            “Thus the existence of Hindu Kovils or Indian artifacts does not prove anything “

            YOU ARE SO DUMB.

            (1) There was a land connection to Tamil Nadu
            (2) How far is Tamilnadu from Jaffna?
            (3) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamil_bell

            • 3
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              Dear Anpu,

              If you want to challenge the Inference you have to challenge the Evidence or develop a different logical inference using the same data. You have not done so. That is Idiotic.

              You cannot cover your Idiocy by arbitrary name calling.

              This is not about a Land connection to Tamil Nadu or is it about the closeness to Tamil Nadu. It is about the PARENTAL POPULATION of the Sinhalese.

              If that parent was Hindu then the parent will bring with him the Religion, the Language, Pots and Pans, Clothes, Jewellery, Tools etc. The material objects are collectively called artifacts.

              If you are in the UK today and you were in Sri Lanka before, did you go to UK, NAKED, without anything you acquired in Lanka including your religion?

              I hope that you have realized what an IDIOT you were to make that challenge.

              If you haven’t, it is OK by me, as ANY INTELLIGENT READER will realize what a DUMB, IDIOTIC, ILLOGICAL sorry specimen of a brainwashed Tamil Separatists you have morphed yourself into.

              It is not too late to throw that Separatist filter between your five senses and your brain, as I believe you can still unlock the intelligence and become rational by doing that.

              Kind Regards,
              OTC

          • 3
            7

            “The Sinhalese evolved in Lanka from Indian and Lankan Parental populations. Sinhalese as an indigenous group is not found anywhere else in the world”

            The African American population formed in America as a mixture of African,White and Native Americans but this does not make them indigenous to America .

            The American White is a mixture of European ethnic groups and are not found as an indigenous group anywhere else in the world but that does not make them indigenous to America.

            Sinhalese are just Indians of mixed Indian ancestry. All Indians are mixed. Sinhalese always try to paint themselves as indigenous to Lanka when they clearly are not .

            • 4
              4

              Palms quarrel
              I agree with what you commented. Sri Lanka went into a destructive path when the sinhalese saw themselves as the indigenous population.

              We share the culture, genes and languages of south Indians. The buck stops there.

            • 5
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              Dear Palmsquirrell and Ken Roberts,

              Apparently you Palmsquirrell have not read my comments that I have referred you to. Here is a part of a comment that I addressed to Jude Fernando on March 31, 2015 at 2:59 am

              Quote
              Where did the Sinhalese come from?

              The answer to that question would explain some of the confusion that I see in your narrative.

              The Sinhalese did not come from India. There is no evidence of any Sinhala civilisation in India.

              The Sinhalese are not a PURE race. They are a hybrid population of Indian stock and Indigenous stock from Lanka. Thus they have evolved in Lanka. This is confirmed by the fact that they are not found as indegenes anywhere else in the world.

              Thus the early immigrants to Lanka, who are a parental population for the Sinhalese will be Indian. Thus finding early Indian artifacts are to be expected. If they came from South India, from Tamil Nadu, they would be Dravida and hence finding utensils etc of Dravida origin is to be expected.

              If they were from the Bengal area then finding artifacts of Bengal origin is to be expected. Similarly if they were from North India, then finding artifacts of North Indian origin is to be expected.

              Thus if artifacts of Dravida origin of a very early period is found it indicates that the Sinhala had Dravidians within their Parental population but it does not automatically prove that the present Lanka Tamils are direct descendants of the early Dravida immigrants

              End quote

              Re “The African American population formed in America as a mixture of African,White and Native Americans but this does not make them indigenous to America”

              The Indigenous population of America (USA) are the Red Indians. Any PROGENY of the Red Indians are indigenes. The whites called them half casts.

              Are you trying to say that a child of a Red Indian father and a foreign mother (or vice versa) is not an indigene? If that is your position please provide evidence and reasons to establish it.

              The Africans and whites are not indegenes. Hence their progeny is not indigenes in the strict sense of the word.

              In the case of the Sinhalese ONE of their parent populations is INDIGENOUS to Lanka (painting not needed). The Sinhalese is a PRODUCT of Lanka and not of any other country in the world. If you do not agree please provide evidence and reasons to the contrary.

              That last para (except the last sentence) of yours is a restatement of what I have written long ago and something Ken and I have discussed till he abandoned the discussion.

              BTW one of the links that I provided you was a recent discussion with Ken which he abandoned again. Ken was the person who introduced the latest genetic study that I have used.

              Kind Regards,
              OTC

              • 4
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                Dear Ken Robert,

                Re “Sri Lanka went into a destructive path when the sinhalese saw themselves as the indigenous population”

                As a man with a deep interest in genetics what you say above is very strange.

                Sinhalese saw themselves as indigenous to Lanka because there were NO Sinhalese elsewhere in the world. This was long before even DNA was discovered.

                The destruction that we see today is a result of High Cast Politics of a minority amongst Tamils whose greed for power knew no bounds. They were prepared to lead the ignorant Tamil majority (who were kept ignorant by these same politicians by denying them an education) on a self destruct path.

                Your inability to see that and to continue to heap blame on the Sinhalese shows some bias on your part. May be due to a blood connection to the same destructive Tamil High Casts.

                Re “We share the culture, genes and languages of south Indians. The buck stops there”

                Of course we share the culture and genes of South Indians but the source of South Indian Tamil genes of Lanka Tamils is not South India.

                According to the Genetic Report you yourself referenced the possible source is the Sinhalese. It is so even according to the 1995 Kshatriya report.

                But for the Sinhalese the Genetic Buck does not stop there as there is proof of an admixture of Veddha genes.

                Kind Regards,
                OTC

                • 2
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                  OTC
                  I am not prepared discuss the archeogenetics of south Indians and Srilankans with you. We need a special forum with people who understand human genetics. This is to ensure a balanced view based on current research.
                  Your views are contrary to expert opinion and I do not believe we will have fruitful discussion.

                  • 5
                    3

                    LOL. Sounds like the ‘tactical retreat’ made by Thalaivar when he ran away with his tail between his legs :D

                  • 4
                    2

                    Dear Ken Roberts,

                    The study of human genetics is not rocket science.

                    You may recognise that phrase because you are it’s author. You wrote it on April 21, 2014 at 3:57 am, just over an year ago.

                    Thus your statement “Your views are contrary to expert opinion and I do not believe we will have fruitful discussion” looks more like a fear of discussion than anything else.

                    You wrote “Sri Lanka went into a destructive path when the sinhalese saw themselves as the indigenous population”

                    Thus you owe the CT Readership an explanation for SINGLING out the Sinhalese for VILIFICATION.

                    I hope you are not seeing yourself as God, whose statements should be considered Gospel and exempt from challenge by those who read them.

                    My views on any subject are open ended and is subject to change in line with a Logical argument supported with verifiable authoritative evidence.

                    So far you have resorted to Guerrilla hit and run tactics that dispenses with logic.

                    Hopefully you will adduce your reasons for vilifying the Sinhalese and support what you write with authoritative evidence.

                    Kind Regards,
                    OTC

    • 22
      8

      Vibhushana

      The link that you have provided here, is it a web-site that you have created, it is very amateurish but however the his-story (your story and not history) sounds very creative. You seems to be very good at writing COMEDY.

      • 8
        22

        Then go read the original document at Beeldbank National Archives – the Netherlands isn’t it?

        • 19
          6

          Vibhushana

          Please do not twist, turn and manipulate the history.

          The Dutch National Archives of the Netherlands where articles written by the Dutch (example: Markus Vink’s report on Dutch Slavery and Slave Trade in the Indian Ocean) talks about settling tens of thousands of South Indian slaves in the Southern parts of Sri Lanka from Colombo to Galle for cinnamon plantation.

          When the Dutch took over from the Portuguese, the cinnamon trade came under the control of the Dutch East Indies Company. This company demanded high volumes of cinnamon. The Dutch in Sri Lanka had to provide ten thousand bales of cinnamon every year.

          Remember, cinnamon NEVER grows in the North & East. It only grows in the South. Today, all those South Indian slaves (cinnamon planters/peelers brought by the Portuguese and the Dutch) have become Sinhala-Buddhists.

          • 6
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            Hello Ravi,

            I honestly do not know the point you are trying to make. South Indian slaves were settled in the South and have become Sinhala-Buddhists.

            That is fine, but again that says Tamils were shipped to Ceylon isn’t it? That is the precise point I am trying to make. Tamil culture is feral to Ceylon.

            Then I ask WTF Tamils dying and suicide bombing in Ceylon complaining someone has taken their “homeland” ?

            • 10
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              Vibhushana

              Tamils of South India were shipped to Southern Ceylon by the Dutch to grow and peel cinnamon. Today they are Sinhala-Buddhists (Check your family DNA for proof). The Tamils of Ceylon who live in the North & East are natives of Ceylon.

              The native Tamils of Ceylon are dying and suicide bombing in Ceylon and complaining because the Southern Sinhala converts are trying to take their native homeland.

              • 4
                4

                Dear Ravi,

                Re “(Check your family DNA for proof)”

                That was IDIOTIC and shows you inability to meet an argument.

                Genetic studies have revealed that the Lanka Tamils have NO genetic connection to the South Indian Tamils or to the Plantation Tamils.

                Can you explain it?

                Please read the following and contest it.

                https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/sri-lankas-sinhalese-tamils-historical-myths-realities/comment-page-1/#comment-1818330

                • 3
                  4

                  Genetic studies have revealed that the Lanka Tamils have NO genetic connection to the South Indian Tamils or to the Plantation Tamils.

                  This is an absolute false statement. Again I will not engage with OTC for a discussion.

                  • 4
                    2

                    Dear Ken Robert,

                    Re “Genetic studies have revealed that the Lanka Tamils have NO genetic connection to the South Indian Tamils or to the Plantation Tamils.

                    This is an absolute false statement”

                    Let’s assume for a moment that you are correct.

                    Now please explain the following which I am quoting from your own reference “Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations”

                    Quote
                    However, Indian Tamils were separated from the rest of the Sri Lankan subgroups, except SU-Bam and SL-Ban, on the first PC axis. This is further strengthening of the hypothesis that Indian Tamils are genetically distinct from the rest of the Sri Lankan ethnic groups.
                    Unquote

                    (SU – Bam is Sinhalese from Bambarabedda, SL – Ban is Sinhalese from Bandaraduwa)

                    I hope you as a person whose views are congruent with expert opinion on Human Genetics will explain to us lay people, why the Experts say that “Indian Tamils are genetically distinct from the rest of the Sri Lankan ethnic groups”

                    If you can’t explain your emphatic claim, you would become the LIAR.

                    Re “Again I will not engage with OTC for a discussion”

                    Considering what you wrote above the reason is obvious isn’t it?

                    Fear of getting exposed.

                    BTW. You SINGLED out the Sinhalese for VILIFICATION in your comment. No Reason given or evidence submitted.

                    I challenged you as your word is not God’s word and is subject to challenge.

                    Thus you owe the CT Readership an explanation for SINGLING out the Sinhalese for VILIFICATION.

                    You have still not done that.

                    Kind Regards,
                    OTC

        • 6
          16

          Genocidal Sinhaloids have infiltrated the Dutch archives. So obvious when you think about it :D

          • 5
            3

            Imposter Sarma,

            You are so funny :D

          • 6
            5

            Siva Sakara Sarama,

            Unfortunately, the Dutch archives are not in favor of the Sinhaloids.

            • 4
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              Yep, proving that 90% of the so called We Thamizh homelands used to be Sinhalese before being recently We Thamizhised certainly backs up these We Thamizh fairy tales :D

              • 4
                2

                Imposter Sarma,

                I must hand it to you; you make me laugh; I am on the floor and my stomach hearts :D

              • 6
                2

                Siva sakara sarama,

                Dutch National Archive does NOT give any evidence to prove anything. It only shows the 17th century boundary of the Dutch ruled Jaffna peninsula (a very small part of the Jaffna Kingdom). It does not show the 15th century boundary of the Jaffna kingdom before it fell into the hands of the Portuguese (a large part of which the Dutch captured from the Portuguese and handed over to the king of Kandy as their duty for which they were brought).

                The Sinhaloids are misinterpreting or rather twisting the history by showing the 17th century Dutch boundary of Jaffna as the 15th century Jaffna kingdom boundary.

                • 4
                  5

                  Cool story bro. That must be why all those Sinhala place names mysteriously became We Thamizised post 17th century. LOL. We Thamizh and our tales – a compilation would certainly be up there with Tolkien’s best works :D

                  • 6
                    3

                    Sinhala place names???

                    My foot, LOL!

                    You are really a good jester…

                    • 4
                      7

                      Take a break from the copying and pasting Rabi and check out the Dutch documents in the link above :D Poor chap, doesn’t even know what he’s arguing against – not surprising I suppose since he only has a limited number of blog posts by ‘Thivya’ to pass off as his own :D

                    • 2
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                      Imposter Siva Sarma,

                      Dutch documents in the link does not prove anything unless you misinterpret. Take a break from the misinterpreting and check your family DNA to see from which part of South India they came from.

                    • 4
                      5

                      Ah yes, the “na na na na I’m not listening na na na na” argument We Thamizh seem to always seek refuge in when exposed :D
                      Take a look at the maps and weep Rabi :D

                    • 4
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                      Imposter Sarma,

                      You have done it again :D What is the secret? I am on the floor in stitches :D How do you do it man? :D

    • 15
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      Vibhushana

      It is the other way around. The Sinhalese (or rather the Sinhala speaking Tamils) of the South (I am sure you also belong to the same group) are the slaves brought to Ceylon

      The Sinhalised Tamils of the South (low country Sinhalese) whose ancestors were brought to Sri Lanka by the Portuguese from South India (Coramandel & Malabar coasts) as menial labourers (for growing/peeling cinnamon, fishing/pearl diving, coconut planting/plucking and toddy tapping) adopted Portuguese surnames to hide their original South Indian identity.

      Dr. Paul E. Pieris has published extracts from the Portuguese tombo which gives the original names of the present day Sinhalese with Portuguese surnames before their conversion to Christianity and Buddhism. Dr. Pieris states: “The names deserve special attention, the majority appear to have been converted to Christianity and adopted European names. For example, Fernando being the most popular surname, but the native name is also given among them being the following: Vira Cutti, Parama Cutti, Nila Cutti, Nahepulle, Avepulle, etc. These point to recent South Indian origin. It is well known that the descendants of these South Indian Tamils from down South Sri Lanka (low country Sinhalese) like the Karawe, Salagama, and Durawe are the most anti-Tamil racists.

      Professor K.M. de Silva in his `History of Sri Lanka`, refers to the MIGRATION OF THE KARAWE, SALAGAMA AND DURAWE CASTES FROM SOUTHERN INDIA TO SRI LANKA BETWEEN THE 14TH AND 17TH CENTURIES AD.

      The Sinhalese became a majority only after the European Colonials came to Sri Lanka. In the 16th century, the Portuguese and in the 18th century, the Dutch who occupied the island brought in tens of thousands of people from South India (mainly from Cochin/Kochi in the Malabar coast/presently Kerala and from Tutucorin/Thootukudy in the Coromandel Coast/presently Tamil Nadu) and settled them in the Southern parts of the island from Puttalama up to Matara as menial laborers (for growing/peeling cinnamon – today known as Salagama caste, for fishing/pearl diving – today known as Karawa caste, coconut planting/plucking and toddy tapping – today known as Durawa caste, and for many other jobs). Within a few centuries, the Sinhala population in the South (low country) increased exponentially when these people assimilated with the local Sinhala population (Sinhalized) by adopting the Sinhala language/culture and the Buddhist/Christian religion and getting converted to Sinhala Buddhists and Sinhala Catholics. Today their descendants are not only claiming the ancient Sri Lankan civilization as their own ‘Sinhala’ heritage but have also become the patriots and champions of Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinism. They have become distinct, ‘North Indian Vijaya’s Lion-blooded Sinhala Aryans’, the Nationalist Patriots and guardians of the country (Sri Lanka) and its Religion (Buddhism) and call themselves the blood relatives of Dutugemunu. If the forefathers of these so called “Sinhaputhra/Boomiputhra of Heladiva” had remained as Tamils, (without assimilating with the Sinhalese) today the Tamils would have been the majority in Sri Lanka or if they had assimilated with the Veddas instead of Sinhalese, today the Veddas would have been considerably a large population in Sri Lanka. Today, the researchers at the Human Genetics unit of the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Colombo will tell us that the DNA of low country Sinhalese is matching with the Tamil Nadu Tamils.

      • 7
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        Sinhala speaking Tamils

        Sorry, thats as far as I got. I can stand good reasoning but not blatant insults.

        • 14
          6

          Vibhushana the imbecile,

          “Sorry, thats as far as I got. I can stand good reasoning but not blatant insults.”

          Isn’t hilarious that you have been insulting the Tamils with your fabricated history nonsense for a long time on these forums; now you claim that you are insulted?

          I know it is a hard pill to swallow when you have been inculcated with the Sinhala Buddhist Chauvinistic rubbish that has ring-fenced your mental capacity! The quicker the people like you come to terms with the historical reality that the Ceylon Tamils have as much historical heritage in Sri Lanka as you the Sinhala, it is better for everyone isn’t it?

          • 4
            4

            “…it is better for everyone isn’t it?

            Well, we are happy with the things as they are.

            Soma

        • 13
          3

          “I can stand good reasoning but not blatant insults”.

          TRUTH HURTS!

          It is a fact, check your family DNA, it will definitely match the South Indian (Thoothukuddy Tamils) DNA/genetics.

        • 5
          3

          Vibhee,

          Damn tell me the logic of sinhala names

          Wannirachi
          Vittaraachi

          Where all these achies have descended from? Achi is the name of ladies in Pudukottai and thoothukudi( Korkai fort of Pandiyan kingdom) All the burnandos of thoothukudi is now hiding behind fernando’s of your magic sinhala race.
          Truth hurts.. but thats the life.

          • 4
            4

            It can be said very confidently that it is because of the Portuguese colonization that the Sinhalese find themselves as an overwhelming majority in Sri Lanka today. As Sri Lanka`s written historical annal, the Mahavamsa, mentions, ethnic Tamils have found themselves in Sri Lanka in a political culture that promoted Buddhism from the beginning of written history.

            As a consequence, ethnic Tamils have assimilated into Sinhala Buddhist identity at varying rates since that time. It is no different than the invading Normans and Danes, as well as the indigenous Celts, becoming English over a period of time in England.

            This never ending process of amalgamation which is going on even today should have originated from the earliest time, well before the coming of the so called ‘Vijaya’. This is the only way to explain the presence of Tamil or Tamil derived words even in the Pali chronicles. Most of the ancient names of rivers mentioned in the Mahavamsa are Tamil words. e.g. Kadamba Nadi, Mahakandara Nadi, Gona Nadi, Gambira Nadi, etc ( Nadi = River even in the present day Tamil).

      • 6
        3

        The southern Sri Lanka was inhabited by simple folk of South Indian origin whose main livelihood was fishing, pearling, toddy tapping, cinnamon peeling and being the cannon fodder of local petty kings and chiefs in their constant fights.

        They were originally Tamil or Malayalam speaking Hindus as can be attested by the ‘Ge’ or house names of their descendants today (Sinhala Buddhists/Catholics) in South Sri Lanka.

        Arasa Marakkalage – House of the chief boat owner
        Arasa = Royal – Marakalam = Boat or Ship (Pure Tamil Name)

        Arukatti Patabendige – House of the warrior
        Arukatti = Sharp Knife or Sword (Pure Tamil Name)

        Ilandarige House of the youngster
        Ilandari = Young/Virile Man (Pure Tamil Name)

        Kankanamage House of the supervisor
        Kankani = Supervisor (Pure Tamil Name)

        Kinnarage House of the mat weaver
        Kinnarar = Weaver (Pure Sangam Tamil)

        Kovilge House of the temple keeper
        Kovil= Temple (Pure Tamil Name)

        Mandadiralage – House of the fishing captain
        Mandadi = Ship or a Captain fishing vessel (Pure Tamil Name)

        Marumakage House of the son-in-law
        Marumakan = Son in law (Pure Tamil Name)

        Panikkige House of the worker
        Panikkan – ancient Tamil name for Elephant minder or the guy who gives Betel leaves and condiments to the King

        Pennkutti Patabendige House of the female warrior
        Pennkutti = Young woman/ youngest daughter (Tamil and Malayali origin)

        Sembu Kuttige House belonging to the clan of Sembu, or of the metal pot maker
        Sempu= Pot made out of Brass or Copper (Pure Tamil name)

        Sellaperumage – House belongining to the clan of Sella Perumal (Pure Tamil name)

        Tantrige House of the shaman
        Thanthiri = Tamil and Malayala origin for the Temple priest

        Thevaraperumage – House of the singer of sacred songs in temples (sacred songs are known as Thevaram in Tamil) Even the Tamils of Tamil Nadu lost this tradition of naming after the sacred Tamil hymns of Thevram sung by sacred Saivite Saints but the Sinhalese (former Tamils) and Eelam Tamils still continue the tradition.

        Tuppakige House of the gun soldier (Tuppaki is an Indian Tamil (dialect) term for Gun in Sinhalese it is Tuvakuva)

        Vaduge House of the northerner, for Nayaka soldiers
        Vadugar = Mercenary Soldiers of Telegu origin (In jaffna the Vadugars are low caste)

        Varnakula Aditya Arasanilayitta, shortened to Varnage (an elaborate Tamil title for a clan or tribal chief)

        Apart from Ge names, they also use Iberian-derived surnames such as De Silva, Perera, Fernando and Mendis owing to their initial contact with Portuguese colonials.

        Just as the descendants of Tamils who embraced Buddhism in 246 B.C. claim they are Arya Sinhalese, Tamils of the Western Coast, from Ragama to Kalpitti, after adopting Sinhala as their mother tongue, (after the introduction of free education) claim they are descendants of Duttu Gemunu.

        In Sri Lanka any person who adopts Sinhala as mother tongue ipso facto is a descendant of Duttu Geumunu. :))) LOL

        • 3
          7

          Endlessly copying and pasting garbage from blog posts by other We Thamizh nutjobs and passing these off as your own comments – my my someone’s getting desperate :D

          • 4
            2

            Siva sakara sarama,

            What is your ‘Ge’name? From your ‘Ge’name I can tell you from which part of South India your ancestors came or brought by the colonials to Sri Lanka.

            • 2
              8

              Busted! Another We Thamizh propagandist has been exposed as nothing more than a copy pasting parrot :D At least attribute your fairy tales to “Thivya” on “Lankanewspapers” – your authoritative source (LOL) – instead of pretending they’re your own posts :D

    • 12
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      Hey Dumb vibushana, it is better to be brought as a slave than be chased out of India as criminals. Yuck, I never attack my Sinhala brethren in this manner, but today you are bringing this nastiness in me.

  • 11
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    Interesting thought provoking piece of writing.
    Defintely there will be a sort of backlash from many of the Sudu ( fair skinned ) Ariyan
    Sinhalese.

    Why MaRa is “Sudu” and late Premadasa was “Kalu” even though both are from Ruhunu ?

    Why JRJ was fair and DS & Dudley were darker ?

    Was Dutugamini “Kalu” or ” sudu” ?

    What skin colours Devanambiya Tissa and Elehara had ?

    Why DJ & HLDM are “Sudu” or fairer than Kaluma Kalui Rohan Guna ?

    Any answers to the above in the Mahavamsa ?

    What skin colour Mahanama Thero had ?
    How did Mahanama described Demolos skin colour ?
    Was Mahanama gave any DNA theory based on Buddha’s teachings to prove why Ariyans are superior to Dravidians ?

  • 15
    4

    We may debate history. The fact is that Tamils are the predominant inhabitants (along with the Muslims who speak Tamil) of the NorthEast.. The India-Sri Lanka Pact describes the area as the “traditional homelands of the Tamils”. History is irrelevant to the modern context in which alone a solution has to be found to the ethnic problem. What does it matter who came first to Sri Lanka? The country consists of a plurality of people with different ethnic and religious passions living in different parts of the island.

    Power-sharing is an obvious solution. It is how people around the world-Canada, India, Switzerland to name but a few- have solved their problems. Some accommodation must be sought within this notion of power-sharing which has prevented bloodshed in other countries.

    If the present historical moment is not seized, there would be another calamitous bout of violence that will come about. The Tamil saying that it is only a fool who continue to knock the head of a man who has bent down due to beatings for he may decide to stand and fight back came true in the past. The form that the violence took set the country back by thirty years. Are we to see another cycle of violence in the next generation?

    Wisdom requires that this issue is settled now. Debates about historical origins have little relevance. The Tamils cannot be erased from the NorthEast even if they had come to live there only yesterday. They are here to stay. Geopolitical realities show that their claims to the land can never be erased even if armies are kept there for one day there will come another man to clear the land of occupying forces. This is the wisdom of history. Wisdom now is to ensure that this does not happen.

    • 6
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      Dear mr P.S.
      Reality of the matter is in view of the demographic distribution of the Tamil speaking people throughout the island there is no conceivable solution to the problem which may satisfy the political ambitions of at least 75% of them. So there is no option other than living in one polical entity where all are equal in all respects. (Please give me the reference of any such proposal presented by any political maestro for study or please present your own idea of a possible solution.)
      Any solution for only 50% of the Tamil speaking people leaving the other 50% among the Sinhalese is NOT ACCEPTABLE TO THE SINHALESE.
      As long as TNA does not make a concerted effort to get the Tamil speaking people to migrate to the North and East voluntarily while demanding solutions to the North/East the whole business is unadulterated invasion of Sinhala majority areas. If any such solution is forced on them against their will Sinhalese should seriously consider disenfranchising all Tamil speaking people living among them.
      Your thoughts on a federal structure where the 50+% of Tamil speaking people living outside North and East can be accommodated ?
      Soma

      • 4
        4

        There are more Scots living outside Scotland than in Scotland but the boundaries of Scotland are unchallenged. The North and the East of Sri Lanka are the historical homeland of the Tamils just like southern Sri Lanka is the homeland of the Sinhalese. It does not matter how many Tamils live in the South, Toronto or London, it does not change the boundaries of the Tamil homeland in the North and the East. Similarly, it does not matter how many Sinhalese live in LA or Melbourne, southern Sri Lanka is still the Sinhala homeland. Your argument is hollow!!

        • 2
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          Dear Richard Kaz,

          You are just parroting what your separatist Parent/s have brainwashed you with.

          Look at the facts and think instead. Then present your argument for debate.

          • 3
            0

            My parents?? It shows how ignorant you are!!

            • 0
              4

              Dear Richard Kaz,

              I know you only by your writings and all that you write is biased towards Tamil Separatism. The History that you know is mostly those fabricated by Tamil Separatists.

              Here is an example “The North and the East of Sri Lanka are the historical homeland of the Tamils”

              This is utter rubbish. No proof is adduced and you have usurped the Sinhala Kandyan Kingdom and have used the British administrative boundaries to do so.

              There was a Tamil Kingdom in Lanka for a period of about 400 years and that was restricted to a small area in the North (the Peninsular and the triangular area in the North West of Lanka). Old colonial maps exist to prove it.

              Lanka has a recorded history of millennia. The short span of Tamil rule is no different to the short spans of Portuguese, Dutch or British rule in Lanka. That itself should have raised your suspicions.

              The discussion under this article has sufficient information for an unbiased reader to realize that the writer of this article is not relating historical facts. Yet even that has not raised your concern. You have not challenged anything that the separatists say. Thus you are not interested in Justice and Fair play. You are a blind brainwashed separatist.

              You have a foreign name and assuming it is not a pseudonym and have not been legally changed from Tamil by other means, the only way you can have a blood connection to Tamils is to have a Tamil mother. From what you have written you do not have Tamil blood.

              Thus your Tamil Bias is due to biased information received either from family or friends. Your irrational Tamil Bias is more due to a familial connection than friendship.

              Thus either your wife or your girl friend would be a Tamil. In the East once married one has four parents. This may be foreign to a person brought up in the west.

              Kind Regards,
              OTC

  • 3
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    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

    • 11
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      ela kolla

      Good to hear from you.

      Do you read Mahawamsa as recreational material for self actualization?

      You should read certain chapters of Kamba Ramayana as it too contains materials for self actualization, according to my Elders.

      • 6
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        stupid vedda, get lost

        • 6
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          @NV, you are too kind. ela kola reads Chandramama (comics) to enlighten himself.

        • 8
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          ela kolla

          “stupid vedda, get lost “

          Go back to your ancestral homeland Erivirrar Pattinama in South India.

          • 5
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            stupid vedda, you are better off sleeping with tamil terrorists in your cave

            • 0
              4

              ela kola, did your ape mother drop you from the tree when you were a baby? Which jungle did you grow up in nitwit?

  • 16
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    This is an extremely interesting and enlightening read. Thanks for publishing. I am an enthusiast in Sri Lankan history and have come across some of these statements through numerous articles. But, since I’m no expert in this subject matter I could never prove or disprove them as factual. You sir have made a very good attempt to disclose some of the myths/facts from past and present history with citations. Thank you very much once again.

  • 12
    3

    If myths, fictions, concoctions and lies are not challenged they are accepted as the truth naturally because there is no alternative narrative to test and verify imagined constructions of the mind far removed from reality.

    In Sri Lanka, the history is already twisted many centuries ago and sealed. What we have is not history but his-story (Ven. Mahanama’s story). After several centuries today the myth has become the truth and the Sinhalese believe it as gospel. If anybody tries to undo the twist (after enormous amount of new discoveries) he/she will be considered an unpatriotic traitor or even a terrorist supporter who is trying to re-write the established history. The Biggest enemy of Sri Lanka is the ignorant Sinhala-Buddhists, whose ignorance leads them to intolerance, violence and destruction of the country.

  • 7
    19

    Mahavamsa always seems to send We Thamizh into a tizzy. It must be because the We Thamizh equivalent (two ruled exercise books chronicling the entire “history” of We Thamizh in Lanka) went up in flames in Jaffna library, leaving We Thamizh with nothing to back up our fairy tales, whereas Sinhalese history is quite literally etched in stone scattered around the island :D

    • 9
      4

      Wee Thamihz Senior Journalist D:Siva Sankaran Sarma Menon

      “Mahavamsa always seems to send We Thamizh into a tizzy.”

      Of course it does send them into tizzy, after reading first few chapters on bestiality, incestuous relation and parricide.

      Mahawamsa and Sigiri murals could replace porn. Your “Wee Thamihz” are clever indeed, for using cheap Mahawamsa as arousal material.

    • 7
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      Siva Sakara Sarama,

      etched in stone??

      Which stone? Your grandfather’s tomb stone??

  • 14
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    The Mahavamsa can never be considered as the history of the entire island called Sri Lanka. It was written not as a history of Sri Lanka (or Sinhalese) but as a chronicle of that famous Theravada Buddhist Institution known as the Mahavihara. The original Mahavamsa is a historical poem written in Pali by a Buddhist Monk named Mahanama (an uncle of King Dhatusena) in the fifth century AD. It covers a period starting from the arrival of Vijaya (543 BC) to the time of Mahasena’s rule (334-361 BC). His aim was to glorify the Buddhist kings of the Anuradhapura kingdom who patronized this institution. It chronicles some of the main events in the kingdom of these patrons, the domain they controlled from Anuradhapura.

    Take for example the Mahinda Rajapakshe’s period. The Mahavamsa now has written 3 chapters about the Rajapakse royal family, but has no mention of Fonseka and has only one paragraph about Chandrika”.

    This is exactly how the Mahavamsa was written right from its beginning. It was written according to the king’s whimps and fancies. What should be written and what should not be written was the discretion of the Buddhist king who ruled and who patronized the Mahavihara monks. What we see today is a very good example of what happened in the past.

  • 5
    9

    All these are fine but why no any evidence in Jaffna in the language Tamil when Portugese came first to Jaffna? Even in Tamil Nadu there is no credible evidence as in tombstones for this claim?

  • 8
    5

    he he he the imaginary story of deported criminal Vijaya with 700 thugs is the beginning of Sinhala canard….

    the biggest joke is why this so called Vijaya couldn’t land in Visakapatanam..Nagapatanam..Nainatheevu…or Danuskodi ???

    But laneded in MANNAR may be Ceylon was upside down in those days…????

    who cares we believe all these comics from Mahavamsa and accept our great-great-great-great-grandfather was a LION he he he

    CHEERS

    PS: Sinhalese are 110% Malayalies who came from ancient Sera Tamil Kingdom which is todays KERALA…this Mahavamsa is a comic book without any scientific or historical evidence

  • 4
    6

    Dear mr Thambu K
    “What the Tamils want is “ you live and leave us to live in our traditional homelands.”
    Quite a fair demand provided that you agree to accommodate the Sinhala demand that 50+% of Tamil speaking people presently living outside your “traditional homeland” be physically moved to this area as you may kindly acknowledge that the areas outside “Tamil traditional areas” are “Sinhala traditional areas”.
    Your thoughts on our demand Mr. T.K.?
    Soma

    • 4
      3

      So are you also advocating that all the Sinhalese living in the west etc should move back to the traditional Sinhala areas in Sri Lanka too?? why the double standard??

  • 5
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    It’s quite an interesting piece of writing and research.

    It’s also quite interesting the various response for and against.

    Great history is meaningless if the present is not good, what is the objective of talking about a great past, when we can’t reflect it in our present.

    If our relevance is only based on our history, then technically we really don’t have a future.

    A great History should provide for a greater present, and thereby an even greater future, if not harping on a great past is a recipe for disaster.

    History teaches us many lesson to be applied in our present, and our application of it in our present makes all the difference to society and nation.

    We need to remember the greatest truths are eternal and their fruit can be seen in the past, tasted in the present, anticipated into the future. But they have to applied in the present.

    When we as a nation are struggling to implement our own laws and constitution just blowing trumpets about the past only chooses to show our current predicament in a greater light of inadequacy.

    Why don’t we look at building a present, where all Sri Lankan’s irrespective of their past, get together to build a nation which will show the world how the greatest values in life can be lived in unity. This is not a pipe dream but a very clear possibility.

    It only requires us to commit ourselves to each other and our nation.

    Can we do that, that is the question ?

    Petros

  • 4
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    Westerners came in the disguise of traders to conquer and Vija company came in the disguise of Refugees. The northern Mowri empire could not capture Tamil Nadu by war and they tried and succeeded by coming as refugees capture lanka. Note the Asoka forces could not win the Kalingas from the north and they came around to attack Kalinga from the southern side and killed hundreds of thousand people like Mullivakaal.

  • 6
    6

    Mahanama must have lived for a very long time to complete the Mahavamsa, as the latter part of it ends in 1815!

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      Taraki

      “Mahanama must have lived for a very long time to complete the Mahavamsa, as the latter part of it ends in 1815!”

      Under Sinhala/Buddhism anything is possible.

    • 3
      3

      I saw Mahanama at GALEE FACE GREEN on 7th Janury 2015…. after election results he has vanished pity

  • 6
    4

    after hundred year this same Mahavamsa comic book will tell the future generation that MAHAWELI ..KOTMALE ..all projects were completed by the Sinhala engineers with own Sinhalease funds under the reign of BIG NOSE EMPEROR J R JAYAWARDENA ….he he he

    Can anyone explain why Buddhist ancient statues are resembled Greek feature????

    before 1983 state organized Tamil massacre there was a Pillaiyar temple near Polgawela railway station where is this temple now? went to the sky ? Insteda there is a Buddhist temple ..

    Ancient sailors have noticed and noted a a big Hindu shiva temple kopuram decorated with gold shining …in Dondara coast where is this Hindu temple today????

    Mahavamsa comic books say Sinhalease ancestors came from Orissa in today India but this book couldn’t explain why Sinhaelse eat Kerala food…celebrate Kerala festival..Dress like kerala women Orissa people eat PAROTTA not Pittu,Appam and Idiyappam

    • 2
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      And that the Sinhala script looks a lot like Telugu and Kannadam.

  • 4
    4

    History does more damage than good to mankind!

    We have enough problems in Sri Lanka and there is no need for Mr.Kanagasabai’s article quoting history.

    Singhalese and Tamils should forget history and look to the future and live happily in Sri Lanka.

  • 12
    12

    Dear Thambu,

    The fact that as GC Mendis said, “Mahavamsa records is mainly traditional history, and its statements have to be carefully examined before they are accepted as historical evidence” does not mean that it is not a “historical record” (as you say many people ‘mistakenly’ think). All historical sources should be examined critically, but it is incorrect to think that the Mahavamsa is not a valid historical source. The Mahavamsa compares well to other texts of its age, when it comes to historical accuracy.

    In fact, you have used many claims from the Mahavamsa, selectively it seems, to suit your argument. For example, you accept the dubious claim that Dutugamunu fought 32 Tamil kings before taking on Elara, but doubt the account of his dream in which he felt constrained between the Tamils and the ocean. In my opinion, both claims can be taken with a pinch of salt, but they do suggest that the Buddhist monks who wrote the Mahavamsa back in the 6th Century did see the Tamils as enemies (though noble enemies in the case of King Elara).

    The Mahavamsa records invasions by Cholas and Pandyas – Indian Tamil kingdoms. These are confirmed by the historical record. The fact that the LTTE chose the Chola tiger as their emblem was inviting comparisons with the classic battle between Elara and Dutugamunu (which was exploited by the Rajapaksas). To understand why Sinhalese people might feel their culture and religion have been under threat from foreigners from the north one needs to consider these invasions, from the tyranny of Kalinga Magha in the 13th century (apparently an ancestor of mine) to the destruction of temples (Buddhist and Hindu) and forced conversions by the Portuguese in the 17th century.

    You have also said that the original inhabitants of Sri Lanka were the Yakshas and Nagas. What about the Veddas and what or who were called ‘Rakshashas” (like Ravana) in the Ramayana? Professor Romila Thapar believes that the Rakshasas were indigenous people in Sri Lanka. What evidence do you have that the Nagas were Tamil? If they are the same Nagas who are in India, they may not be the original inhabitants of Sri Lanka. The words Naga and Yaksha are, though, Sanskrit words, so we don’t know what they called themselves (or if they had a national identity as such).

    We know, however, from the Balangoda Man discoveries, that there have been modern Homo sapiens in southern Sri Lanka since 30,000 years ago, at least. It is reasonable to believe that the Sinhalese people owe some of their ancestry to these ancients (and also the Wanniyala-Aeto people). So, probably, do other Sri Lankan people to some degree (who may be Hindu or Muslim according to religion). The DNA evidence, so far, does not show much difference between what the British and Germans of the 19th century declared were distinct Aryan and Dravidian races (with corresponding languages) in Sri Lanka. Unfortunately the propagation of the Aryan Myth by Anagarika Dharmapala and Henry Olcott resulted in many Sinhalese people failing to understand their Dravidian roots (including possible Dravidian roots of the Sinhalese language).

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      Romesh

      I agree with your comments. Thambu needs to cite evidence to substantiate his statements. I do not think his article is skewed towards a reconciliatory tone. He is as bad as Vibushana and his views I believe may lead to more provocation and further deprivation of the rights of the people he loves.

      What we need to inculcate to all of the srilankans is that we share a common ancestry irrespective of whether we are sinhalese,tamil or muslim and we need to be aware that marginalised and minority should be protected for the common good for the country

      • 4
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        ken Robert

        Good to hear from you.

        Please do visit us as we need more saner comments than the usual routine ones.

  • 3
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    It is not about history or love with Sinhalese ordinary people or love with this island. There may be some truth that the so called Sinhala Buddhist fundamentalists like Mahinda, Weerawanse, BBS, Dayan Jeyatilaka etc. believe that they are born to Lion because there blood thirsty, human meat thirsty character and behaviour matches with the characteristic and behaviour of Lion. Unless some true Buddhist Monk come forward to tell poor Sinhalese speaking people that this is not true and it is a gimmick played by some power hungry people like Mahinda and JR Jeyawarne etc.

  • 4
    3

    Even it the landing of vijaya and his men were true. This does not mean that the sinhalese originated form bengal or north india. Because vijaya and his men never explicictly identified themselves as sinhalese. Also vijaya came with just 700 men. The idea that 700 men created a race on their own is ludicrious. Because it is highly unlikely that 700 men were able to outnumber the native ethnic groups.

    Ofcourse some would argue that there would have been further migration from the east of india after the establishment of vijayas kingodm. However this would have been eventually overtaken by migration from neighbouring south indian states. As a result today the sinhalese are amalgamation of south indians, east indians and native tribes that existed before vijaya, with the south indian element being the largest.

    As for the aryan theory of sinhalese being aryans this not true for a number of reasons. Even if we were to say that the sinhalese did originate from bengal/orrisa. Bengalis themselves are an amalgamation of many different groups. Bengal has been settled by the austrics, mongolids,dravidians and indo aryans. So bengalis are a mix of all these groups. They are not fully aryan. It is only the upper caste bengalis that would have had aryan in them.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bengali_people

  • 5
    1

    The author of this very interesting essay mentions about the antecedents of JR.
    Yes; It is of CHETTIYAR origin but somewhere in the 15th century there was assimilation with the mainstream Sinhalese.Strange,History like the STOCK MARKET has a habit of repeating itself; The grandsons of JR are now married to Colombo Chetties!

    As to the antecedents of SWRD it all began with NEELAPERUMAL,a South Indian Tamil,who came over to this country in the late 15th or early 16th century.
    Interestingly,starting with Neelaperumal they all ended up as Blue-Blooded Aristocrats!

    Is it a coincidence that SWRD chose the colour BLUE for the SLFP!

    Historians depend on the following chronicles [PALI] to ascertain Srilakas History.
    1]Deepavamsa[5th century AD]
    2]Mahavamsa[6th centuryAD]
    3]Culavamsa[12th century AD]

    The Pali chronicles were written long after the events described took place[some of them more than 1000years] Therefore,these cannot be considered as accurate records of the events. These were written by Theravada Buddhist Priests who mainly tried to convey a religious message using the events to illustrate the importance of the THERAVADA Buddhist religion,hence a very biased version.
    Also,the episode between Elhara and Dutugamini has been portrayed as a Sinhala-Tamil conflict,whereas Dutugamini had Tamil Generals[SENA and GUTTIKA] ON HIS SIDE! Likewise Elhara too would have had Sinhala Generals on his side!
    But,eventually,we are told that it was single combat and Dutugamini had honored his foe.,after defeating him.

  • 5
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    ‘Mahawamsa’ is a myth.

    https://www.google.ca/?gws_rd=ssl#q=sharmini+serasinghe+mahawamsa

    Those who quote it have lost the sense of reality.
    There are many versions of the History of Ceylon.
    I read Our Heritage Parts I & II by G.C.Mendis at school for the subject of ‘history’ at school. Also read Discovery of India by Nehru.
    There is no point arguing about ancient civilisation of Sri Lanka, a.k.a Ceylon.
    We have to learn to live together for the sake of future generations.
    This government appears to promote rights and privileges of citizens as the primary objective.
    Of course there are deficiencies and neglect of a good part of citizens
    who wish to live peacefully without oppression and coercion.
    But I think that these will corrected.

  • 10
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    Dear All, We are (not I) from Southern Sri Lanka (so called Sinhala Buddhist). Our belief is history has a little relevance for the present requirements. NOBODY wants to erase ANYBODY from North and East. The genocide started in Polonnaruwa (Present President’s area) many years ago by Kalinga Maga. So all agree we believe, History will not help us.
    On highways eg, Galle Road, Kandy Road,Negombo road all private business signage are in English and even in main cities but no Sinhala requirement. When we visited Gurunagga jetty, a newly put up Buddah statue made us ashamed to the core. Promptly we apologized to our Great host which ended up making both parties emotionally more bonded. These are few ground realities come into mind.
    Our suggestions: Teach the Drawidian history and culture in schools, explain our roots either Tamil or Sinhala which is much senior to even North Indian settlements. We all have come from Southern India which is genetically proven. Make Tamil compulsory as one of the First languages in education system. This language is spoken over seventy five million in the world and any blooming Sri Lankan youngster will be benefited in global context. The commoner will start Recognizing and Respecting Tamil language and culture. Recent New Year even Tamil new year which Sinhalese started practicing. Who were our last Kings and which was the administration language in that period ?? Can we honestly question ourselves?
    Educate the youngsters and GIVE RESPECT TO TAKE RESPECT..
    Lets stand tall in the world as ONE NATION

  • 1
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    So be it, if so. Now we live in the 21st century and face the ground reality today. Do we all have to go to the jungle now as we all are descendants of the Ape the monkey?

  • 3
    3

    There is a place called YALA in Thailand

    Nandawathie…Leelawathie..Ariyawathie..Mayawathie etc etc a common name in Thailand Villages

    There is a coastal town called PANADURA is in Kerala even today…

    CHETTI became Hetti…..KARUPPAN ..became ..Kuruppu according to Sir Ananda Coomaraswamy ….

    Can anyone tell where on earth any Sinhala ancient books mentioned about SINHALA NEW YEAR ???which is a carbon copy of 1000 teary old TAMIL NEW YEAR…

    Mahawamsa is a fabricated book of lies just to verify Sinhalease from Tamils by a racist writer…..

    Now two more volumes added in this comic book Mahavamsa about the Glory of cardboard Kind Murdapaksa and his fake..borrowed..artificial victory …never they will mentions about the helps from 36 countries ..including suppy of prohibited Chemical weapons from poverty India and military personnels participation …unfortunately with modern media facilities none believe except jayawewa crowd..

    Former archeological commissioner has dynamated and destroyed many ancient Tamils monuments he he he discoverd ashes of Dute Gemunu………

    • 3
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      Celebrating New Year in April is a south Indian tradition.

      • 2
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        Dear Kaz,

        The Sinhala evolved in Lanka but some of their PARENT populations are from India. Hence it’s natural for the Sinhalese to have common cultural and Religious connections with Indians.

        If you don’t agree please explain why

        • 2
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          OTC
          I like to correct your sentence. Parent population of ancient sinhalas were south Indians. Hence New year is shared by tamils and sinhalese.

          • 1
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            Dear Ken Robert,

            Thank you.

            Yes that is what I also thought after reading “Genetic affiliations of the Sri Lankan population” (1995) by Dr. Gautam K. Kshatriya.

            My earlier comments reflected this thought.

            After I read the NEWER genetic study published in November 2013 “Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations” (I am grateful to you for bringing it to our notice). I had to change my original view to bring it in line with the more modern concept.

            Thus now it is scientifically more accurate to include a larger Indian Subcontinental parent population within the Parental population group (Indian and local) of the Sinhalese than a regionalised, South Indian Tamil only, parental population.

            As you yourself observed on April 21, 2014 at 3:57 am,

            “Kshatriya report/ study was based on measuring the genetic distance of certain autosomal chromosomes of different ethnic communities in Srilanka by using complex mathematical formula called ‘Nei`s standard genetic distances’. The use of autosomal (non sex) chromosomes in studying the genetic diversity has resulted in variable results, However studying the mitochondrial inheritance has lead to relatively reliable conclusions in constructing human ancestry”

            Re “Hence New year is shared by tamils and sinhalese”

            The New year is an astronomical event, it is the transition of the Sun from Meena Rashi (Pisces) to Mesha Rashi (Aries). It is more a Hindu ritual than a Tamil one. It’s based on the Lunar calendar.

            Generally the New year falls on the following dates.
            Tamil Nadu : 13th / 14th April
            Punjab: 13th April.
            Assam : 14th / 15th April.
            Bengal: 14th / 15th April
            Lanka : 13th / 14th April

            I am not trying to discount Tamilian influence, as by an large the Astrological systems (nekath) followed by both the Tamils and the Sinhalese are essentially the same. But objectivity should not be subordinated to sentimentality.

            If you have reservations, please state them.
            I will be honoured to learn from you.

            ————————
            References

            Dr Kshatriya says,

            “The Bengalis, the Tamils, and the Veddahs are considered parental populations for the Sinhalese. The Bengali contribution is 25.41%, the Tamil (India) contribution is 69.86%, and the Veddah contribution is only 4.73%.”

            The “Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations” report says,

            “All the Sinhalese and Tamil subgroups intermingle well with the majority of the Indian subcontinental populations, forming a large genetic matrix”.

            “However, Indian Tamils were separated from the rest of the Sri Lankan subgroups, except SU-Bam and SL-Ban, on the first PC axis. This is further strengthening of the hypothesis that Indian Tamils are genetically distinct from the rest of the Sri Lankan ethnic groups”.

            (SU-Bam and SL-Ban are Sinhalese from Bambarabedda and Bandaraduwa)

            note; the Indian Tamils referred to in the above paragraph is Lanka’s Indian Tamils and not those who are presently in Tamil Nadu.

            The serious reader should refer to the Original report as your conclusions might differ from mine. However if they are different I hope you will share them with CT’s readership.

            Kind Regards,
            OTC

    • 0
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      ‘Mahawamsa is a fabricated book of lies just to verify Sinhalease from Tamils by a racist writer…..’

      You utter imbecile! Don’t you know that many, many people contributed to the Mahavamsa? Have you even heard of the Culavamsa?

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    My question is how come this Bodhimithra, bodhidharama and Vajirabodhi become Tamil. Those names do not sound Tamil

    If they are Tamil, the names should be Bodhimithran, Bodhidhraman, VajiraBhim etc.,

    Was Tamil a later creation and at that time, South Indians had a different language ?

    • 3
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      Jim,

      You sound like not only a total ignorant but also a complete idiot. Buddhist names are very common in India, Sri Lanka and many other countries. Buddhaghosa, Buddhadatta, Dhammapala and so on were very famous Tamil Buddhists who contributed to the Buddhist scriptures. The Tamil kings mentioned in Mahavamsa were Sena, Guttika, Elara, Pulahatha, Bahiya, Panayamara, Parinda, Dathiya, and so on. Some Chola kings of South India were Kulothunga Chola, Vikrma Chola, Aditya Chola, and so on. Some Pandya kings were Kulasekara Pandya, Vira Wickrama Pandya, Parakrama Pandya, Sundara Pandya, and so on.

      You may ask, are these Tamil names, they were original Tamil names that even the Sinhalese have copied. Tamil names started ending in ‘N’ & ‘M’ only recently after they adopted what is called the pulli system.

      • 6
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        Ravi

        Parakrama is a Sanskrit word with many meanings, Please see below:

        पराक्रम parAkrama m. attack
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. courage
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. valour
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. going out or away
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. prowess
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. bold advance
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. power
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. good deed
        परक्रम parakrama m. doubling the other letter of a conjunction of consonants
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. heroism
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. enterprise
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. strength
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. exertion
        पराक्रम parAkrama m. energy

        http://www.spokensanskrit.de/index.php?tinput=parakrama&link=m

        Another word Vikram विक्रम –
        “prowess,heroism and courage” in Sanskrit.It is another name of Hindu God Vishnu.

        Ādityas आदित्य – Sun God

        Sundara too is a Sanskrit word with many meaning

        सुन्दर sundara adj. beautiful
        सुन्दर sundara adj. nice
        सुन्दर sundara adj. good
        सुन्दर sundara adj. handsome
        सुन्दर sundara adj. lovely
        सौन्दर्य { सुन्दर } saundarya { sundara } n. beauty
        सुन्दर sundara adj. handsome
        सुन्दर sundara adj. noble
        सुन्दर sundara adj. agreeable
        सुन्दर sundara adj. charming

      • 1
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        Ravi:

        Are you mixing Indians and/or Dravideans with Tamils ?

    • 0
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      In the ancient days names like..Jayawardan…Siriwadan..Vishnuwardan…Baahu…. were common among Tamils similarly Buddhist Tamils have had names like :Bodhidharma..Bodhimitra….

      One of the biggest Industrialist in Tamil Nadu is VELU JAYAWARDANA …..who is a Tamil

      Even today Tamil catholics have different names ……..janapirakasam…Devanayagam…Kaasinathar…Pirakasam

      Nowdays even Sinhalese give the names of North Indian film stars to their kids …maybe this generation after 100 years will be identify as north indian immigrants …

      Today even Muslims give names like Diana..Rose…Madona….for their daughters (common in Malaysia)

    • 2
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      Strange right. You’d expect at least a few Ponnasomethings and Somethinglingams scattered around there :D

      • 2
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        Imposter Sarma,

        Ohh gosh; you are ever so funny again; how do you do that :D

    • 2
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      Jim softy

      Thanks for confirming your stupidity umpteenth time.

  • 5
    1

    Unfortunately the history of Sri Lanka sadly lost in Myths, tell-tales, Imagination of the writer and whatever it suits to the racial agenda of the dirty politicians and Buddhist monks! Very sad.
    Even the archaeological department not dare to bring more light the true Sri Lankan history by excavation.

    History of Britain slightly changed after the famous Richard V11 body found under the car park in Leicester but the very interesting point to note is that discovery was not in favour of the ”English” race.

    Can you imagine such things to happen in Sri Lanka? I have always doubts when I read the history of Ceylon. Full of lies….
    Otherwise, how can D.S. Senanayake, J.R. Jayawardena and Anagararika Dharmapala’s become heroes from the core of criminal, racial and radical Buddhism??

    You won’t find answers in history books of Ceylon :((

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