16 December, 2017

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SWRD Vs. JRJ: How Would History Choose?

By Lankamithra

A genuine leader is not a searcher for consensus but a molder of consensus.” ~Martin Luther King, Jr.

SWRD

A very few political leaders have the foresight and spine to challenge tradition. Most of who elect to challenge, invariably end up in a mess, for the political and personal calculus they have configured have proven to be wrong or inaccurate. They, instead of creating a new tradition or convention, end up being consumed by the very tradition or convention they tried to replace. Those who succeeded did not do so by accident. It was a climax of a long drawn-out affair of deep thought, meticulous planning and timely execution. Most of today’s politicians interpret success as a matter of course in politics. They have no discipline of abstinence; they are bereft of scholarly depth; when in power, their dependence on the bureaucracy overwhelms their timelines, resulting in hasty decisions arrived at with no rational analysis of reliable data. Given these realities, it is unrealistic to expect any prudent decision-making and thoughtful follow-up action from our politicians. Consequently, success, in essence, is interpreted as favorable results achieved in a series of tactical measures rather than an attainment of set objectives in a long chain of strategic moves. This fundamental failure to differentiate between strategy and tactics eventually would determine the success or failure of any given leader.

A strategic mind is not a gift that someone is born with. It is a product of a disciplined way of life. It is born out of a life-long struggle between wants and needs. Undisciplined mind submits to short-term gains while a disciplined mind endures loss after loss and treat them as essential steps in a long journey of experience. They say that ‘experience is the best schoolmaster but fees are too high’. Nothing can be truer than that. The losses and setbacks help a great deal in shaping and defining the very strategic mind. They prepare the person in question to withstand even greater losses and setbacks in the future. The one who persists despite all setbacks and losses is the one who ultimately succeeds and remains at the pinnacle of power so that he or she could shape and define the course of events and consequently the history that he or she is determined to shape and define.

It is in the context of these paradigms that I am trying to analyze the two most significant political leaders Sri Lanka produced in the last century. One would agree that both Junius Richard Jayewardene, commonly known as JR and Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike, commonly called SWRD, are two of the most, as they call, consequential leaders this country produced since Independence. I would call them far-reaching or most-effective political leaders we have seen. Their policies and programs had far-reaching and effective outcomes; during the course of their respective political journeys, both of them were ridiculed to an insufferable degree yet pursued their goals without any hesitancy. Above all else, what made them most-effective and far-reaching are the policies that they adopted from the beginning of their careers, when implemented had far-reaching and effective consequences. The ultimate results of those policies are still being felt today, after a generation or two and long after their demise.

JR

However, when one attempts to compare the two, JR and SWRD, one would immediately encounter many issues that, on the surface, may look very similar but in deep down they are as dissimilar as apples and oranges. On the surface SWRD looked to possess a very liberal mind that was willing to implement liberal polices to move the country forward. Especially on the Sinhala-Tamil issue, Bandaranaike, at the beginning of his political career in the early 1900s, he professed Federalism and to date his critics use it to degrade his standing amongst ardent nationalists who desperately try to hang on to a Sinhala-dominated polity in Sri Lanka. In the annals of Sri Lankan political history, Bandaranaike’s rhetorical skills were unmatched. His diction was far too superior to any in Parliament in the late forties and fifties; his delivery was electric and his repartee was instantaneous. I have had no fortune to listen to his memorable speeches either in Parliament or outside. But all what I have read and heard convinces me that he was incomparable as far as speechifying and debating was concerned, especially in English. Ironically it was in the biography of J R Jayewardene that its author Professor K M de Silva writes thus: “The uninitiated could be pardoned for thinking of the physically small and unimpressive Bandaranaike, at first glance, as a professional person of middling rank and attainments. This impression was strengthened by the clothes he wore- generally the national costume, but occasionally western clothes which made no concession to current fashions- and round spectacles that concealed the sparkle of his very expressive eyes. This impression disappeared when he got up to speak, and then words cascaded forth with unmatched eloquence, the diction polished and lively, and with a wit that was as sharp as it was quick”.

Maybe Bandaranaike was too obsessed with his own unique rhetorical skills. He knew that he could overshadow any political adversary of his time, but that was limited to his aforementioned eloquence in speechifying. But his patent lack of steadfastness, when things did not look good and rosy as his rhetoric represented, came for universal criticism. One example was when he reneged on the Bandaranaike-Chelvanayagam Pact. Succumbing to pressures brought upon him in his own front-yard at his Rosmead Place residence, S W R D Bandaranaike chose one side against a set of proposals that would have pacified the growing sentiments of Northern Tamils. The side he opted to support, despite many assurances given to the Tamil at the time, was Singhalese nationalists on whose back Bandaranaike was ushered into power. His close association with the Buddhist clergy, although was a great buttressing crutch at the time of the elections, stood against the very Federalist principles he once broadcasted. He just could not match his grandiloquence with deed.

On the contrary, Junius Richard Jayewardene, the first President of Sri Lanka, in spite of the grave danger of maligning himself over the same national issue- the Tamil Question- went ahead and signed the Indo-Lanka Accord with Indian Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi amidst burning bridges and buildings and rioting Sinhalese-Buddhists. Assumption of calculated risks and possession of patient disposition are preeminent tools of a wise person. S W R D Bandaranaike might have been an inherently talented and gifted politician but I dare say he was not a wise man. While SWRD was a vocal and weak politician, J R was a quiet and strong one. J R opted to stay as number 2 of the United National Party and the governments led by it since 1952 until the demise of Dudley Senanayake. Bandaranaike chose to leave the UNP and start his own political party. Bandaranaike died by a bullet, as a victim of the Sinhala-Buddhist cause, the very cause he advanced from the day he came to power. And he was in power for three measly years.

In the animated tableau of Sri Lankan politics, both Jayewardene and Bandaranaike were players of the MVP category who led the country in changing times. Both embraced the changes that were taking place but the difference was that they embraced those changes in different fashions. Bandaranaike, to his dying day, seemed to have had immeasurable faith in his own rhetorical skills and at the same time seemed to be in a mighty hurry. While Bandaranaike was wasting his energies on this ego-elongated exercise, Jayewardene chose to play a more patient and calculated game of political chess. Jayewardene never overestimated his popularity among the masses. Intrinsically an introspective person, J R did not choose to offer himself as a popular leader. His dogged principle of adhering to principles rather than personalities ultimately paid massive dividends. The 1977 General Election results were a testimony to J R’s patient game. The crushing defeat on Sirimavo Bandaranaike and her close political advisor Felix Dias coupled with the disappearance of the old-left led by N M Perera, Colvin R de Silva and Bernard Soysa from the local political landscape, sent a clear and convincing message to Sri Lankans locally and the world at large that Sri Lanka has overwhelmingly adopted the changes that were accrued to the post-Socialist/Communist era.

Every sunset will bring to a close a withering day’s work. Bandaranaike did not have that proverbial sunset in his life. It was stolen and crumpled by a Buddhist monk named Somarama, a loyal supporter of his pro-Sinhala-Buddhist policies. J R died in bed at the ripe old age of ninety. The discipline J R had imposed on himself facilitated that prudent way of living. The vocal and weak Bandaranaike and the quiet and strong Jayewardene lent their time and energies to the welfare of the country of their birth. The political party that Bandaranaike created is disunited and in disarray at this time and the party of J R Jayewardene is as united as it could ever be. History still has to pass judgment on both.

*The writer is available at lankamithra1955@gmail.com

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Latest comments

  • 16
    6

    SWRD Vs. JRJ: How Would History Choose?

    Both competitive public racists.

    • 5
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      “”SWRD Vs. JRJ: How Would History Choose?””

      The passion fades, the remorse is eternal!

      A country’s success is not only judged by its leaders but equally by the achievement of its citizens those leaders have influenced upon.

      Hegel mind-set skinhead Church_ill the school dropout handed the island to Gay Hegel Skinheads, Sinhala Buddhist, the boasters and cheats of the region.

      All the scholarships for education stolen by the politicians and civil servants for their families and relatives we have not produced a combo like Lee Kuan Yew and Kwa Geok Choo. Till the advent of the internet only the privileged knew the two or read his books.

      Sinhala Buddhist Nationalist Tribal Frogs and Snakes promoted the nation’s way of doing things and solving problems to create a land of weepers setting one neighbouring country against the other but not a wise and self-sufficient nation it was.

      France its an outsider USA it’s an outsider and remember Xi is also an outsider.

      The one ingredient sinhalese, tamils and muslims lack is
      Spirit of Reasonableness to prosper together.

  • 17
    1

    Let us look at what SWRD did: He commenced a program to nationalize and acquire companies and institutions that were very efficiently manged by their respective owners. He nationalized the Insurance companies, then the bus companies, the port, and his wife, Srimavo put the final nails by laying her hands on everything she could, culminating with the great and irreversible catastrophe of nationalizing estates and with Land Reform. In between many others were acquired: oil and petroleum, Gas, BCC, etc. Even Pilawoos was acquired! All this was in the name of the “suffering populace”. Well run private schools were acquired. Is our education better ??!!

    Then, along came JRJ and later the (hopefully the last) Bandaranayake and realizing that these institutions were an enormous burden began to return these assets to untried, undedicated owners. Where do we stand now?! Estates are nothing but a burden to the State, as well as the transport sector. fuel supplies and service is rotten and we are held to ransom by the Indians. You all who read this knows how bad our services really are but only a few will recall the good old days prior to 1957. I am one of them.

    • 3
      0

      kumaran,

      Golden words you just spoke! It is a pleasure souls still exist as you. As far as I can see we are all doomed! The psyche of majority Sri Lankans are rotten to the core, their collective and individual consciousness is sick, perverted and infected with doomsday genetics.

    • 1
      0

      Lankans must forget the days of hand made Pol sambol It more economical to have instant dry powder Sombol home manufactured or imported Those two leaders and those followed them after them both Sinhala and Tamil leaders were only worried for their powers and erecting Stone made dead leaders statues or religious race to cheat ordinary people on the streets,we need new political organization to suite the both modern and rural economy not those two past leaders philosophies.

  • 7
    5

    “On the contrary, Junius Richard Jayewardene… in spite of the grave danger of maligning himself over the same national issue…went ahead and signed the Indo-Lanka Accord with Indian Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi amidst burning bridges and buildings and rioting Sinhalese-Buddhists. Assumption of calculated risks and possession of patient disposition are preeminent tools of a wise person.”

    The writer cannot be serious. JRJ humiliated himself and the country by submitting to Indian pressure.

    Had he shown some grace in his dealings with Tamils and Tamil leaders on earlier occasions, he may have spare the country the obscenity of foreign troops on its soil.

    “The political party that Bandaranaike created is disunited and in disarray at this time and the party of J R Jayewardene is as united as it could ever be.”

    Why do we not look at the how united the UNP was in 1990-93 and after the string of defeats suffered by the Party from 2004 until MR blundered in 2012-14.

    The UNP cannot win more than 25% of the vote on its own in any national election to come.

    • 5
      0

      I do not say that JRJ is praiseworthy. He could have resolved the ethnic issue started by SWRD, way back in 1978, instead he allowed it to rot away culminating in riots, exodus of Tamils and others thus creating a vacuum and causing the international community to look at us as pariahs. He created a monster with his own brand of Constitution and allowed corruption to flourish apart from so many other things. We remember RP, Sir John, DSS, Dudley with some compassion but why never JRJ !? Do we have a statute for him or a moment of remembrance?!

      If the curse of Nationalism and Nationalization never happened, there is NO DOUBT we will be like Singapore or better. Nationalism causes serious emotions to emerge above a ‘red line’ and Nationalization is really stealing. Never works. Never, never works as that is a curse.

      Finally, I agree with one of the writers that BOTH SWRD and JRJ were Christians who converted to Buddhism because they thought a non-Buddhist can never be the leader of our country. I am convinced that had they remained Christian, they would never have caused these disasters to happen.

      Think seriously about it.

      • 2
        1

        Even Mahinda Rajapakse and Ranil wickramsinghe are fimer christians/catholics.

      • 0
        1

        Kumaran,

        “He created a monster with his own brand of Constitution and allowed corruption to flourish apart from so many other things.”

        Contrary to some of the valid stuff you had mentioned, you live in an imaginary world of your own. You self defeat yourself when you hide the facts of JR’s personal life, what he did to his billions of worth of wealth and even when you hide the facts of his son’s life! Sri Lanka is made up of broken pots like you that is why she is still suffering. You expect JR to be a saint among a nation killer-oriented and inflamed by a stupid politically motivated Banda and a dead Left and still make him and his party win elections! Truly JR was wiser than you.

        • 1
          0

          Mr. Silva, I did not say that JRJ was corrupt. He had no reason to be as he was wealthy and had no desire for wealth. But he was hungry for power and wished to perpetuate his Presidency for ever, perhaps. That is why he (1) obtained signed letters of resignation from ALL his Ministers, to be used if one of them bucked” his ideals, (2) conceived the monster of the (his ) constitution which, as we all know has tied this nation in knots, (3) allowed corruption to flourish as a form of reward. You may find this hard to believe but it is true. There was hardly any corruption prior to app. 1979/82s, but we all know that this is another monster.

      • 1
        0

        “I do not say that JRJ is praiseworthy.”
        That deserves a medal for understatement.

        The Buddhist upsurge in early 20th Century had a plus point in its anti-colonialism, but twinned with SB parochialism.
        There was far more public resentment of Christians in the South than in the North; as they (not quite the Catholics) constituted a powerful middle class that firmly stood by the colonial regime.
        One reads the mood of the public to survive in electoral politics.
        If one’s ancestors changed faith for opportunistic reasons why should one not be equally (or perhaps less) opportunistic and go for reverse conversion?
        (We know that almost all wealth of the elite in the country was acquired by collaboration with colonialism.)

        Recently we had the good Christian SL Gunasekara who was partner with SB chauvinism. He was hunting (Tamils) with the SB hound and running with the Sinhala Christian hare. But the JHU simply will not have him. Any lessons?

        There were trends in the North (the Jaffmna Youth Congress) and in the South (the Left) that were exceptions to parochial thinking. They failed for many reasons.

  • 5
    0

    Fascinating stuff, but how valid the victory you hand over to J.R.?

    His patience perhaps paid off in 1977, but then came his obsession of remaining in power virtually indefinitely through his referendum. Very little principle displayed in that!

    And his starting the ethnic conflagration!

    None of us readers really knew SWRD Banda really; we were just too young. That may even apply to his daughter, Satellite! It was clever of you to give us those two unusual photographs of the two guys.

    “far-reaching or most-effective political leaders we have seen” – you’ve said of the duo. Both victims of D.S. Senanayake’s desires to “keep it within the family”. How sad that the “decent Dudley” didn’t have the intellect necessary for the task.

    These are the thoughts of an unsophisticated me! All criticisms of my naivety are welcome!!

    • 0
      0

      ““decent Dudley”
      I dislike saints without sin.
      You did not live close to his residence to see the seer.
      like Sri_Mao he liked `sudu hama` so you see the number of pakistani citizens;)

  • 2
    2

    “..the party of J R Jayewardene is as united as it could ever be…”????

    Pandaranayagam

  • 12
    4

    Two dirty racist pariahs of our time.

    • 0
      2

      “pariahs”
      Is that utterance not worse than any racist stuff?

      • 2
        0

        SJ, the Tamils and the Sinhalese could have lived quite happily in one united country until these dirty low lives came into politics. Yes, when this word is used to describe two nasty racists, it has been used quite wisely. I have no regrets. Do you?

        • 2
          0

          SJ is always an apologist for Sinhalese racists and Muslim extremist/opportunists. Notice all his comments constantly defending them

          • 1
            0

            Rohan

            “SJ is always an apologist for Sinhalese racists and Muslim extremist/opportunists.”

            He doesn’t support ordinary stupid Sinhalese instead he attacks Tamil politicians, blames them for everything that is wrong with Sri Lanka including drought and tsunami, does not like India, maybe he thinks the Jaffna Library was burnt down by Amirthalingam, attacks UNP, defends SLFP, loves weeping widow Siri Mao, believes she could make no mistake, early 1970 banknote demonetization in Sri Lanka was a great success under the weeping widow, he is silent on 1971 war crimes committed by weeping widow, he is proud of weeping widows diplomacy which killed millions in Bangladesh, she aided and abetted the Pakistani war criminals, probably longing to bring China to rule this island, proud of Pol Pot and Abimael Guzmán, ….

      • 1
        1

        Not the same “Tamil from the north” may I ask?
        ‘No regrets’ about using the castist term? Would you consider calling B & J caste-ridden Sinhala-Buddhist ‘Vellalas’ (Govigama)? That would have been more appropriate and close to reality as still many of the Tamil Vellala elite rate among the worst bigots.

        A people who justify oppression based on any identity have no moral right to protest against forms of oppression that hurt them. There is something wrong with a majority of Tamils who comment here. Some are explicitly caste-arrogant and others silently endorse it.

        Your ‘wisdom’ amazes me!

        Rohan
        There should be a limit to fantasy.
        Say when I have defended any form of bigotry.

        • 1
          0

          SJ, I have clarified my stance below;

          Pariah has multiple meanings in the English language and the one I referred to is as follows; any animal that is generally despised or avoided (animal being SWRD & JR). Nothing to do with the caste amongst the Tamils.

          Now that I have explained my position, you can take it easy and have an easier bowel movement tomorrow :). Please give us an update tomorrow after you do it. Otherwise I will send you some Ex-Lax.

  • 5
    1

    SWRD had the right idea, as a Democratic Leader, but He did not realise that Sri Lanka was not ready for True Democracy Overnight!

    Meanwhile, LKY chose to be a Dictator till He thought the Time was Right, and His People Ready, for Democracy

  • 3
    0

    Lankamithra , you have out performed smart patriot DJ in your analysis.
    Yours is concise and in simple English that can be understood by people from any background, no need to have a PhD or a degree.

    SWRD’s intentions were good. As a leader by taking care of Sinhala Buddhists he was confident he can take care of the minorities. But the out come was disastrous.
    It will be good to analyse what were the major factors including JR’s Kelaniya -Kandy march, that contributed for SWRD to tear the pact in front of a group of Sangha members. Even after the abolition of the BC pact why they killed him ?

    What active role JR played in drafting the Dudley-Chelva pact ?

  • 14
    1

    Both are converted christians to buddhism. Both are descendents of Tamil immigrants, both come from families that supported colonialism. JRJ is the cause of all evil in this country so is bandaranaike to a lesser degree. History does not have to wait the pronouncements can be made straight away.

    • 1
      0

      Ditto I just posted the same thing without reading your comment

      • 0
        4

        The most vociferous opponents of reconciliation between the two major communities are the indentured coolies from south India, found living spread over coastal regions in the South and posing as nationalists, wanting to protect their newfound identity as Sinhalese!

        • 2
          1

          Thappu

          “wanting to protect their newfound identity as Sinhalese!”

          Actually manufactured identity as Sinhala/Buddhists.

  • 5
    1

    As a member of the Ceylon National Congress JR proposed that “India and Lanka must be one unit for the purpose of defense. In the Federal Legislature (Indian that he proposed), Lanka must be accorded a status equivalent to the status of the Indian Provinces.”

    In 1944, J. R. Jayewardene moved a motion in the State Council that Sinhala should replace English as the official language.

    In July 1957 the Bandaranayake-Chelvanayagam pact was signed. It gave
    a) Parity status for Tamil alongside Sinhala as the official language
    b) a new constitution for Sri Lanka based on federal principles

    September 1957, JR opposed the B-C pact . Organized a 72-mile march from Colombo to the central city of Kandy in opposition to the pact. He declared that at the end of the march, he would pray against the agreement at the sacred Buddhist shrine the Temple of the Tooth, and invoke the blessings of the gods against the agreement.

    In 1987 under duress from India, JR had make both Sinhala and Tamil official Languages. Retribution indeed.

  • 0
    1

    [Edited out] Comments should not exceed 300 words.Please read our Comments Policy for further details.

  • 7
    2

    JR the first un elected President. He was never elected President.

    JR amended the constitution and made the presidency an executive post with sweeping, almost dictatorial—powers. Made provisions to automatically make the incumbent prime minister,himself, President.

    Then held a referendum to cancel the 1983 parliamentary elections, and allow the 1977 parliament to continue until 1989.

    JR put in the Prevention for Terrorism act in 1979 that gave police sweeping powers of arrest and detention. It did precious little to actually combat the LTTE menace. Out in the North and East it just drove more into the LTTE fold, or made them emigrate to provide more to cause and coffers of the LTTE.

    JR may not have been a racist, however an elitist who knew how to exploit racism to win the majority.

    In 1983 JR famously made the statement to the Daily Telegraph,” Really if I starve the Tamils out, the Sinhala people will be happy. In July 83 JR allowed the attacks to go on for three days.

    When JR took office “ethnic tensions were present but the country as a whole was at peace. By the end of his tenure, Sri Lanka was facing not one but two civil wars, both featuring unprecedented levels of violence and brutality.”

    JRJ changed the capital from Colombo to Sri Jayawardenapura, megalomania?

    • 2
      11

      ‘In 1983 JR famously made the statement to the Daily Telegraph,” Really if I starve the Tamils out, the Sinhala people will be happy. In July 83 JR allowed the attacks to go on for three days’

      The lying diaspora deliberately twists the truth and repeats it so often that even the Sinhalese believe it.

      JR’s statement was his criticism of the Sinhala people’s view, it was not his own solution.

      JR did not ‘allow the attacks to go on for three days’. He kept silent for three days. He got his ministers to appeal for calm but he said nothing. If he had spoken immediately and the mobs ignored him, there would have been no higher authority to speak to them. That is why he waited until three days had passed. Once his ministers’ pleas had fallen of deaf ears, he appealed for calm himself.

      But don’t let the facts get in the way of a good story for the Western bleeding hearts.

      • 9
        2

        “The lying diaspora deliberately twists …truth…the Sinhalese believe it” -obviously for any Sinhalese a cowardly shameless incident as this conveniently is false for obvious reasons.
        Diaspora is creation of Sinhalese racism of 1956, 1958, 1977, 1983 pogroms where thousands of innocent Tamils fell victim, houses burnt, businesses destroyed done by ordinary Sinhalese. The diaspora are those who fled to secure countries and continued their life. In 1983 riots, hospitals with pre-dominant Sinhalese health workers refused to treat innocent Tamil injured victims based on patriotism and heroism of the Sinhalese race…what a primitive shame.
        “JR’s statement was his criticism of the Sinhala people’s view” how nice of JR, his mouth needs to be filled with sugar b4 he was buried. Historically there is no Sinhalese leader had-the-balls to criticize racism, thuggery & inhuman actions of Sinhalese towards minorities, instead they instigated and made maximum opportunity politically. If this racist arsehole was so honest, why nobody arrested and sentenced for the acts of murder, looting, criminality and arson after holocaust ended?
        “JR did not ‘allow ….three days’. He kept silent for three days”….he was scratching his balls while hundreds of Tamils were being bludgeoned on the streets every minute by Sinhalese thugs ably assisted by Government support. Oh yes, the ball scratching was pleasurable that he conveniently forgot enforcement of a strict curfew and order to shoot would have bought the situation to control within just 1-hour. No that would kill Sinhalese so let it go on and Tamils die.
        “He got his ministers to appeal for calm” oh mama mia, what a great leader and equally great ministers…but then how come these thugs had detailed lists and addresses of Tamil homes supposedly given to them by top government officials…oh sorry maybe they found inside dustbins of each lane that Tamils lived.

      • 3
        1

        We witnessed what happened, JR did nothing, He could deploy army and police!

        We still pay for this monumental blunder, Die arse pora, UNHRC, International Intervention.

        Never in a country except Germany allowed a thing like that to happen I believe!

        Shamefully put the blame on JVP and banned them, Which we paid from another 60,000 youths!

        Lightening must strike his grave too!

        • 3
          1

          srinathan gunaratnam

          Don’t just blame JR blame yourself for converting Sinhalese and Buddhists into a Sinhala/Buddhist racist people.

          Find a way to liberate Sinhalese from Sinhala/Buddhists and Buddhists from Sinhala/Buddhism.

          I am working on it.

          • 0
            0

            “”I am working on it. “”

            the dalada maligawa skinhead bomb assistant at london must be smiling at your passion.
            Talkin’ Bout a Revolution- T.C.
            Don’t you know
            They’re talkin’ ’bout a revolution
            It sounds like a whisper
            Don’t you know
            They’re talkin’ about a revolution
            It sounds like a whisper
            While they’re standing in the welfare lines
            Crying at the doorsteps of those armies of salvation
            Wasting time in the unemployment lines
            Sitting around waiting for a promotion
            Don’t you know
            They’re talkin’ ’bout a revolution
            It sounds like a whisper
            Poor people gonna rise up
            And get their share
            Poor people gonna rise up
            And take what’s theirs
            Don’t you know
            You better run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run
            Oh I said you better
            Run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run, run
            ‘Cause finally the tables are starting to turn
            Talkin’ bout a revolution
            Yes, finally…

        • 0
          2

          srinath gunaratne,

          “Lightening must strike his grave too! “

          after it bolts through your mouth!

      • 3
        0

        Atticus
        “JR did not ‘allow the attacks to go on for three days’.
        He kept silent for three days like he did when the Jaffna Public Library was burned by his cabinet ministers Cyril Mathew and Gamini Dissanayake with the assistance of Sinhalese plain clothed policemen and Sinhalese thugs and goons bused into Jaffna city with buriyani packets and bottles of arrack.
        The ‘Eela Nadu’ daily’s building was torched and burnt and so was the residence of elected MP for Jaffna Mr. Yogeswaran. Many shops and business premises also suffered the same fate in Jaffna.
        Gamini Dissanayake boasted then, that if India ever dared to intervene in SL the entire Tamil community in the Island would be finished off within 24 hours leaving no cause or justification for an Indian intervention in SL ever.
        He later became a pet poodle of Hindia.

        • 4
          0

          Uthungan

          “He later became a pet poodle of Hindia.”

          Are you saying he was the Hindian mole in the government who passed on cabinet papers within hours of meetings?

          Please note I am not saying anything. I know nothing.

  • 16
    1

    “Great” leaders?

    Our average IQ is one of the lowest in Asia.

    Our per capita income one of the lowest and we are a poor, crisis ridden country.

    Corruption, nepotism, politicization , abuse of power, indiscipline everywhere.

    No sri lankan is trusted with a Visa and often humiliated by Visa officers

    Most of the politicians have their children overseas, spend a lot of time oversea and have all their wealth overseas. This is also true of majority of business people and top public servants

    Public service is a joke

    But you say we have “great” leaders !

    Just loosed mouthed, egoist with twisted minds

    • 9
      2

      Harry you are exactly correct

      We never had Grate Leaders — We have always selected loose tongue ,undisciplined, egoistic robbers and idiots as our leaders and kept on arguing among ourselves about the foolish decisions taken by these donkeys – the country is rotting – better find somebody who can take wise decisions and implement them

      • 4
        0

        “”We never had Grate Leaders””

        There must be some way out of here
        There’s too much confusion
        I can’t get no relief.

        shameless sinhala buddhist cnut they are your kind of people

  • 1
    9

    SWRD of SLFP made grate ERROR OF BY AGGREED give north-east Tamil federalist regional power TO TAMIL-TREERORIST .

    TAMILS ARE BORN CHAVANIST.

    That is A historical errors by SWRD.

  • 10
    0

    These two so called western educated characters became slaves of Buddhist Ayotullahs and destroyed this country …

    .simply for their power hunger they have damaged this country ..and others follows thats all…

    this land has become the property of China now ….

    cheers

  • 8
    1

    They are both dicks in their own ways,
    Commonly power hungry

    Banda: Use race to further his ambitions and ultimately paid the price, Destroyed our education system. Gave us a daughter who was inefficient and ineffective.

    JR: Came with dharmishta samajaya, ended up as a facist, destroyed the country with bad foreign policies. Responsible for Blacj July where thousands of innocent Tamils were murdered!

    • 12
      2

      srinathan gunaratnam

      “Gave us a daughter who was inefficient and ineffective.”

      He also gave you a wife, the weeping widow. Have you forgotten about her? How could you, the best days of SJ’s teenage life.

      “JR: Came with dharmishta samajaya, ended up as a facist, destroyed the country with bad foreign policies.”

      It was not the bad foreign policy of JR but the bad racist domestic policies over the previous 40 years that culminated in the destruction.

      What was the Sangha doing during 1956, 1958, 1977, 1981, 1983 and in between? Why blame just the ignorant selfish politicians why not the moral compass the Sangha and the stupid/racist voters for example you, Ravi Perera, somass, …… the Sinhala speaking Demelas?

      • 0
        1

        Yes I forgot the bitch who sent 15000 youth just like UNP did.

        When it comes to discrimination, You both know we are both born leaders,

        Sinhala – Tamil
        Up country- Low country
        Caste….
        Jaffna Batticalo..
        North-East Tamils – Up country Tamils

        So do not just put that label only to one side.
        Did you look at your face lately? How about my son marrying one of your grand daughters? We can continue this is family level?

        • 4
          1

          srinathan gunaratnam

          “How about my son marrying one of your grand daughters?”

          If your retired son wants to marry my granddaughter he may have to wait another 30 odd years. By the time she reaches marriageable age your son would have kicked the bucket.

          Is he a practicing pedophile and are you the pimp?

  • 2
    7

    JRJ did only that good thing ,the Tamil -terrorist were totally eliminated from of our mother land.

    The Tamil occupy primary lands in Colombo and control business in central of Colombo.

    They(Tamils) cheat the Sinhalese-Buddhist but JRJ-UNP has given good lessons in 1983!

    JRJ try to eliminated Tamil-terrorist from Colombo. One of the great leader of Island.

    • 3
      0

      So you like someone come and set fire to your wife and children, Beat you to death?
      They cheated Sinhalese? with what?
      Teach it to your children too!

  • 6
    1

    Thank you for this
    “A genuine leader is not a searcher for consensus but a molder of consensus.” ~Martin Luther King, Jr.

    Both of them built on the foundation laid by their predecessors and caused so many civilian deaths.

    Both of them changed suits to national dress to become corrupt racist leaders.

  • 5
    0

    Most of the politicians are experimenters, not professionals. It is they who are/were responsible for the downfall. The British knew that Indian laborers would work while locals would talk more and work less. British managed well, our politicians nationalized everything they could using unnecessary powers usurped. Finally the whole country is in a mess. Do not attempt to glorify past or present politicians.

  • 5
    0

    Lots of similarities between both. Both were of recent Indian Tamil immigrant descent but hardcore anti Tamil racists( sic). Both were born to upper class Anglican Christian families but for political convenience became namesake Buddhists. Both ruined the country in the name of Sinhalese and Buddhism and anti Tamil racism Bandaranaike started this in 1956 and JR continued the good work resulting in a once prosperous British colony to its present status, as a basket case. Now the rest of the opportunistic Sinhalese politicians are continuing their good work

    • 0
      2

      Fiar analysis.

      It looks former Tamil-catholics/christains had the same anti-tamil sentiment even after they became buddhists.

      Probably learned or acquired behaviour.

  • 5
    0

    UNP is united as ever !

    Any party is united as long as they are in power and all are at the dinner table !

    What happened when they were in opposition ?

    Where were GLs, SBs, Rambukwella,Attanayake, Milinda Moragoda,Mahinda samarasinghe,Boggalagama, Navin Dissanayake,Lokuge etc etc before ? In the UNP !what about Karu,Sajith, Rosy, Mrs Athukarala rebellion against RW ?

    What about the many other revolts against RW ? What about the revolt of Athulathmudali /Gamini dissanayake against Premadasa.

    Can we say JRs party is united as never before as a JR legacy? Can any analyst argue that RW is a uniting leader ?

  • 0
    0

    How will the history judge SWRD and JRJ

    SWRD – stared the job – dug the grave to bury the Tamils
    JRJ – finished the job – dumped the Tamils in the grave

    • 0
      0

      Rajash,

      How will the history judge SWRD and JRJ

      SWRD – stared the job – dug the grave to bury the Tamils
      JRJ – finished the job – dumped the Tamils in the grave “

      But neither of them walked the Tamils to the grave!

      • 1
        0

        Silva “But neither of them walked the Tamils to the grave! “

        you are right not literally

  • 3
    0

    SWRD B and JR J have places in history – albeit infamous slots.

    Which of the two is the better person?

    SWRD probably realized that a “Sinhala Only” created a Frankenstein. He tried to put this right through BC pact. Unfortunately he hobnobbed with bad bad bad company to achieve his ambition to be PM. Buddarakita wanted his reward but the uncorrupted SWRD B hesitated. Buddarakita was in a hurry and sent a bullet which found its mark. It is possible SWRD B might have controlled his Frankenstein.

    JR J on the other hand worshipped the Frankenstein – the infamous Daily Telegraph interview shows this. With the 1958, 1977 pogroms behind, he did not attempt to bridle the 1983 Mother of All Pogroms. He failed to see that liberation movements are bound to sprout. He felt that IPKP will crush the liberation movements but was wrong.

    JR J created the Children of Frankenstein – corruption, nepotism and the culture of impunity.

  • 2
    0

    SWRD B and JR J have places in history – albeit infamous slots.

    Which of the two is the better person?

    SWRD probably realized that a “Sinhala Only” created a Frankenstein. He tried to put this right through BC pact. Unfortunately he hobnobbed with bad bad bad company to achieve his ambition to be PM. Buddarakita wanted his reward but the uncorrupted SWRD B hesitated. Buddarakita was in a hurry and sent a bullet which found its mark. It is possible SWRD B might have controlled his Frankenstein.

    JR J on the other hand worshipped the Frankenstein – the infamous Daily Telegraph interview shows this. With the 1958, 1977 pogroms behind, he did not attempt to bridle the 1983 Mother of All Pogroms. He failed to see that liberation movements are bound to sprout. He felt that IPKP will crush the liberation movements but was wrong.

    JR J created the Children of Frankenstein – corruption, nepotism and the culture of impunity.

    Had the Buddharakita emissary bullet missed the target, history would have different. Had the assassination attempt on Rajiv Gandhi at the 30 July 1987 Colombo Guard of Honour succeeded, history will be different.

  • 1
    1

    They both did such a super job and look at where we are today.

  • 0
    1

    Kalagatha ;;;;;Sirinath gunrthana…

    Do you know that how many innocent Sinhalese and Muslin killed by LTTE during 30 years War by Tamil Terrorist ?

    Not a single Tamil say sorry to that?
    All Tamils are support LTTE and TNA to killed Sinhalese majority by Gun Point.

    Did any of the leaders of TNA or other Tamil political leaders make before apologist in public?
    No at all. They enjoy Sinhalese killed by Tamils?

    That is mentality of cruel behavior of that mind set of Tamils political leaders in Sri lanka.

    Tamils are masses killers of innocent Sinhalese by ruthless way of political terrorism>

  • 2
    1

    All seem to ignore that JR was NEVER ELECTED as President.

    He was only elected as MP for Colombo.

    Would JR have won if he contested as a Presidential Candidate.
    Probably not, and he did not have the guts to do it either.
    ===========

    JR amended the constitution and made the presidency an executive post with sweeping, almost dictatorial—powers. Made provisions to automatically make the incumbent prime minister,himself, President. Then held a referendum to cancel the 1983 parliamentary elections, and allow the 1977 parliament to continue until 1989.

    • 3
      1

      Because Ronald Reagan had approved many Fascist leaders at Europe and even ignored illiberal LKY of Singapore provided he stood anti-communist.-
      India had defence pact with Russia so JR presented the baby elephant the emblem of GOP. Smart ass for a nation of racist.

  • 2
    1

    Nationalization is really STEALING, and acquisition by a State valuable assets nurtured and administered by men and women who, by tradition or rights of ownership, managed these assets. In every asset nationalized in Sri Lanka, we can see that. The white and brown “sahibs”, who ran the estates, men who ran the oil industry, ports, insurance and the schools. This is true, however hard we try to think of aexception. Zimbabwe has yet to recover and the most recent example of where nationalization has gone horribly wrong is Venezuela. A few years ago, Venezuela was the wealthiest country in South America, according to research. Today, I saw a report that children are starving and mothers are feeding small babies with scraps from garbage and everything possible has gone wrong. There are riots in the streets and the government, comprising of typical politicians are helpless!

    Do we see anything somewhat familiar??!!

    • 2
      1

      As if the world was not aware from 2015 june that `Shale`- New Oil Drilling Technology Will Soon Spark An Explosion Of Oil and OPEC does not rule USA and Canada.

      Next courtesy China if US starts trade war Robots and Low wages for Americans- where will Lankas main export mark be then.(to US 26%,includes garments)

      Perhaps the hybrid ebola is going to hit developing nations soon when Saudi starts war against neighbours pipelines. EU needs $180 billion OIL from Saudi and Russia then.

    • 1
      1

      Colonization is also stealing.

      Take over by the Brits of “the commons”, i.e peasants land, forests is stealing.

      Buying stolen property or on false deeds does not give ownership.

      The Upper middle class English (not the rest of UK) have a history of taking over common peoples land.

      Its only urban land (5% of all land) that commoners have a stake.

      “Rural landowners receive a handout of roughly £83 per acre, while urban dwellers pay about £18,000 for each acre they hold, an average of £1,800 per dwelling, the average dwelling standing on one-tenth of an acre.”

      UK Landownership
      http://www.newstatesman.com/life-and-society/2011/03/million-acres-land-ownership
      http://www.thelandmagazine.org.uk/articles/short-history-enclosure-britain

    • 1
      1

      A group of 36,000 individuals – only 0.6 per cent of the population – own 50 per cent of rural land (75%).

      Their assets account for 20million out of Britain’s 60million acres of land, and the researchers estimate that the vast majority is actually owned by a wealthy core of just 1,200 aristocrats and their relatives.

      http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1328270/A-Britain-STILL-belongs-aristocracy.html

      http://www.tradingeconomics.com/united-kingdom/agricultural-land-percent-of-land-area-wb-data.html
      183649/241930=75%

    • 1
      1

      If things were so bad in Venezuela after Chavez, why did the people vote hiom to power again and again?
      The crisis of today is the result of the country depending heavily on oil income ans the long slump in oil prices,
      The centre-left government has done much for education and health and indegenous people’s rights.
      US-aided conspiracy to topple the government of Venezuela is in full gear. One has to look outside the establishment dominated mainstream media to know what is happening.
      The real economic problem is in the US and Europe.

      Nationalization is taking back what was stolen under neo-colonial pressure.
      Big business deciding state policy is grossly anti-democratic. Medium and small capitalist ventures are no threat.

  • 0
    1

    The two undoubtedly two veterans of our time who contributed their most to make the Island that flowed with milk and honey into one flooded with human blood and misery. But I am sure our Historians will record the History as one of pomp and Glory as that of Julius Caesar.

    • 1
      0

      veni vidi vici

      Julius Caesar conquered England of the Celtics, in around 50 BC.
      Thats around Duttagaminis time.

      Then around 400 AD the Anglo Saxons invaded England.
      Thats around Dhatusena/Sigiri KasiAppas time.

      Then in 1066 Normans (Viking/French) invaded.
      Thats around Parakramabahus time.

      Can go on.

      The winners write the history of pomp and glory.

  • 1
    0

    As for me it is a Hobsons choice!
    One is a direct descendant of a Tamil from South India[SWRD].
    The other came from line of Colombo Chetties until they changed boats in the 15th century,and became Sinhala[JRJ].
    This is how History will have to record for posterity the authentic story!
    Both took this country for a ride!

    • 0
      0

      One big difference.

      JR’s ancestor was a traitor.
      SWRD’s ancestor was a suck up to the English, as were my ancestors.

      Don Adrian Jayawardena (Tombi Mudaliyar) 1768-1830
      When the Dutch capitulated to the British in 1796 he accepted office under the British as Aarachi & Guide to the British Army. Accompanied General Mac Dowell on an embassy to the King of Kandy, as his guide on 12-Mar-1800. Appointed Titular Muhandiram of the Atapattu. Served as guide to the British Army Jan 1815. Accompanied John D’Oyly to Kandy. Mudaliyar of the Guides to the British Army, 15-Jan-1815. Brought the last King of Kandy to Colombo.
      http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lkawgw/gen3002.htm

      Compare with SWRD
      http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~lkawgw/gen1001.html

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