24 September, 2018

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Tamil Question & The Tamil Nadu Factor

By Karikalan S. Navaratnam

Karikalan S. Navaratnam

“……..In the upsurge of political and cultural consciousness of the Tamils, the Dravidian movement has played an exemplary role. The Dravidian leaders used to claim that it was their sacred duty to champion the cause of Overseas Tamils.” – (“Tamil Nadu and Tamils Overseas” Prof. V. Suryanarayan, University of Madras)

Emergence of  Dravidian Movement:

The Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) was founded in 1949 by C. N. Annadurai (affectionately called ‘Anna’ – elder brother, by Tamils all over). The Federal Party (ITAK – FP) was set afloat in Ceylon in the same year. The Congress Party was in power in Tamil Nadu (then, Madras State). DMK entered the hustings in 1957 and had since incrementally increased its presence in the Madras Legislative Assembly of 235 members. At the 1967 elections Anna dealt a knockout punch to Congress Party and floored it. The Congress could not thereafter wrest power from the Dravidian parties – DMK or, its breakaway rival, the ADMK.

Madras, renamed Tamil Nadu :

Incidentally, it was Chief Minister Anna who initiated the process and, almost a month before his untimely death on 3rd February 1969, rechristened the Madras State, Tamil NaduWhen the Sinhala leaders of post-1948 Ceylon sequentially introduced malevolent measures, designed to cripple the Tamils politically, State leaders had murmured their concern. Even the Indian media took little or no notice of the evolving ethno-political situation in Ceylon. The unsophisticated Tamil population in India virtually remained uninformed. D.S. Senanayake’s Ceylon Citizenship Act 1948, which was the first legislative effort by a fledgling government, was not a baby step; but a giant leap in a process contrived for eliminating the Tamil element from the body politic of the country. SWRD’s Sinhala Only Act, 1956 was another inimical step. Reactions from the Tamils in India were muffled.

Slowly, Tamil Nadu was shaken from its slumber, courtesy, the ultra-Sinhala nationalists. The DMK platform accentuated the collateral consanguineous relationship between the Tamils living on either side of the Palk Strait.

Reverberations of  1958  riots:

The reverberations of the 1958 anti-Tamil riots were heard by the Tamils in India. In his “Homeland” journal (15 June 1958) Anna wrote on the “Cinderellas in Ceylon”. DMK observed the “Ceylon Tamils’ Rights” day with public rallies. Lest his clarion call may be misconceived, Anna explained:

“…..That does not necessarily mean,  demanding a Tamil Raj comprising Tamil Nad and that portion of Ceylon wherein Tamilians are in a majority. The task immediately ahead is to focus public attention on the problem. World opinion should be harnessed to the cause for justice and fairplay. The plight of the Tamilians in Ceylon should be placed before the discerning public all over the world…….”  (‘Homeland’, 10 August 1958)

Sixty years have since elapsed. Tamil Nadu people’s perspective – tone and diction – on Sri Lankan Tamil issue have drastically changed .

Chelva visited Tamil Nadu:

Tamils boycotted the 1972 ( and 1978) constitution-making process. In March 1972, weeks before the new Constitution was promulgated,  Mr. S.J.V. Chelvanayakam (Chelva) visited Tamil Nadu. He met with different political leaders including  Chief Minister M. Karunanidhi and the octogenarian E.V.R. Periyar, the father-figure of the Dravidian movement, and apprised them of the plight of Tamils in Ceylon. Chelva’s plea had struck a sympathetic chord among the political class in Tamil Nadu and provoked public discourse on the subject.

Tamils on  tenterhooks:

It was as though the Sinhala nationalists wanted to keep the Tamil people on tenterhooks. A series of onslaughts on the Tamil people in Sri Lanka excited outrage and anger in Tamil Nadu and left them seething with indignation. Thus,

  • In January 1974,  as the grand finale events were in progress at the Fourth– World Tamil Research Conference held in Jaffna, a truckload of Police, led by  ASP  Chandrasekera, ploughed through the mammoth crowd and ran amok. Police action resulted in the loss of eleven lives and over fifty people were severely injured. Tamil scholars, Prof. Nainar Mohamed (Jamal Mohamed College, Trichy) and  Prof. Salai  Ilanthirayn (Delhi University), who attended the Conference,  carried the sordid story to Tamil Nadu.
  • August 1977 anti-Tamil pogrom, which erupted in the wake of JR’s landslide Victory  at  July 1977 Elections, unfolded in the usual manner and with the usual actors. – killers, rapists, looters and arsonists. There were protests and demonstrations by Tamil Nadu activists – including one outside the Sri Lankan Deputy High Commission in Madras.
  • The Prevention of Terrorism Act of 1979 particularly targeted young Tamils. As hundreds of them were arbitrarily arrested, tortured and were, in many cases, extra-judicially killed, scores of youths fearing for safety fled by illicit boats to Tamil Nadu and found shelter with sympathetic families.

Burning of Jaffna  Library:

  • On the 1st June 1981 night, Police set fire to the Jaffna Public library and destroyed it completely, along with over 97,000 volumes of books and irreplaceable manuscripts. The same night, the TULF office and Jaffna M.P. Yogeswaran’s  house also were torched and destroyed. Two UNP Ministers had personally orchestrated the orgy of violence. Burning of the library had sent shock waves across Tamil Nadu, especially among the intelligentsia. SJV Chelva had left the scene on 26 April 1977.  At the 1977 Elections, the TULF (which had subsumed the FP) contested on a  ‘separate  Eelam’ platform and had registered a resounding victory.

Pondy  Bazaar  Shootout:

Sri Lankan rebels staying in Tamil Nadu at this time were only a handful. They kept a low profile. Initially, Prabhakaran and Uma Maheswaran (who later formed the PLOTE) were working in tandem; but had later become rivals. On 19 May 1982, Prabhakaran and his friend had an encounter with Uma and his aide at Pondy Bazaar in Madras and an exchange of fire ensued. Uma’s aide suffered bullet injuries. They were arrested by Madras police and charged. Sri Lankan government requested India to hand over the rebels to them to face criminal charges pending in Sri Lanka. They despatched Mr.Tilak Marapana (then, a Senior State Counsel in the AG’s Dept., and now, the Foreign Minister) together with senior Police Officers to New Delhi to pursue their request for extradition.

There was no Extradition Treaty between India and Sri Lanka. MGR  (Leader, ADMK) was the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu. Mr. P. Nedumaran, Leader of the Kamraj-Congress Party (a splinter of the Congress Party) and a MLA, (Member of the Legislative Assembly) took the initiative in mobilizing the State’s political parties and appealed to New Delhi not to hand over the rebels to Sri Lankan authorities, lest they would be mistreated or killed under the PTA. 

New Delhi  rebuffs Colombo:

Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister. Nedumaran was previously a loyal sentinel in the Congress Party and had a personal rapport with Mrs. Gandhi. Further, Mrs. Gandhi had a personal dislike for JR. Citing some procedural problem, Indian government refused  Sri Lanka’s request. It was a solid victory for the pro-Eelam lobby in India.

Indian/Tamil Nadu media outlets saw something sensational in the Pondy Bazaar shootout and evinced an interest in reporting on the ethno-political genesis of Eelam demand and the emerging Tamil militancy in Sri Lanka.

1983 Black  July pogrom :

Successive anti-Tamil pogroms in Sri Lanka have emotionally consolidated the Tamils in both countries into one great fraternity, fastened together by an umbilical cord, and have revitalized their common ethnic, cultural, linguistic and ancestral  identity. In this respect, the 1983 “Black July” pogrom marked a watershed in the history of the Tamils as well as in Indo-Sri Lankan relations. It was the catalyst for direct Indian intervention in addressing the Tamil question. (I may have to recall some poignant moments of a personal nature). It was the 2nd of August 1983. My good friend Vasantha Obeysekere, director and producer, who had blazed a trail in Sinhala cine-field, (and had, to my grief, departed on 8th April 2017), took me by his moto  guzzi and dropped me off at the Katunayake airport. I was fleeing the country in despair, seeking safety and solace – and heading towards Madras. Why?

On 25th July morning, my house at Cotta Road, Borella was attacked by a murderous mob led by – who else could it be ? – by a “Buddhist” monk. I was not at home at that time. Thus, I was rendered a destitute overnight. My belongings including books, briefs, clients’ files were looted, destroyed or damaged. I did not have even another set of pants to change into. Vasantha sheltered me for two days in his house at Bambalapitiya and escorted me to the airport.

Welikade  Massacre:

Of course, my losses would pale into insignificance when compared to the losses of many others. The first casualty in the carnage was a bottle-dealer in Borella. In the Welikade massacre, 53 prisoners were killed by Sinhala prisoners, with official connivance. Some of them, including  Thangathurai, Kuttimany and Jegan were our clients – represented by my senior counsel M. Sivasithamparam and me. My ride to Katunayake airport was a distressing experience. On the way I saw the skeletal remains of burnt out houses and business places and charred remains of hundreds of vehicles strewn all over. Mercifully, I did not come across any human remains. Probably,  they were already removed. Nonetheless, the cruel scenes, conjured up images of brutal attacks on hundreds of Tamils who were hacked to death or burnt alive.

As the plane was airborne, I started ruminating on the crimes of utmost savagery perpetrated on the Tamils during these days of doom – killing and maiming, prison massacre,  sexual violence on women, plunder of  homes and businesses and setting them ablaze….O Lord ! What  crimes have  these victims committed ?.

Soothing words of comfort:

At the Madras airport, as I entered the exit lobby, I was mobbed by students in their hundreds of volunteers from university colleges, waiting with open arms to receive the traumatized Tamil refugees arriving from Colombo. They were wearing badges and carried placards with reassuring slogans.

Sir,  Are you okay? …. Anything happened to you? We are here to help you?….”

For a person fleeing from violence and horror – their soothing words of comfort gave instant solace. Being overwhelmed by emotions, I slumped into a seat, broke down and cried. It was as though I was waiting for that moment to release my pent-up feelings – pain and anguish.

Outside the airport all hell had broken loose. Tamil Nadu was in the throes of an emotional eruption, virtually volcanic. Their smouldering fury and frustration had burst into an open flame.

(It is a long  narrative. Let me continue on another day)

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Latest comments

  • 9
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    Sinhala is from Lanka. Tamil is from India. Two different nations. One invaded the other. And Lost every time.

    The ruined cities of Ceylon (1900)
    Henry William Cave

    This monarch, Parakrama the Great, not only regained possession of the whole of the country by expelling the Tamils and quieting all disaffection, but even invaded India and other more distant countries. Under his rule the city of Polonnaruwa reached the zenith of its greatness,

    Buddhism among Tamils in pre-colonial Tamilakam and Īlam:

    Peter Schalk, ‎A. Veluppillai, ‎Irāmaccantiran̲ Nākacāmi – 2002 –

    Tamils were appointed to offices high up in the hierarchy; land was allotted to them. Tamil mercenaries were recruited to fight alongside Sinhala- speaking warriors against Tamil invaders.

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      If all Tamils go to Tamil Nadu then everyone is happy.

      Why live in Srilanka with such a horror past and possibly a worse future?

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        And why live in Sinhala majority provinces outside North East?. There is an inherent superiority in the Sinhala Buddhist society. When arrangements were made for the Tamils in the hill country to live in an environment of their own language, religion and culture among their kith and kin they refused but preferred that pathetic life among the Singhalese. Today they are celebrating Mahaveer but at the time the only ambition of a Tamil mother was to send her children to South. I bet my last rupee that not a single Tamil family presently living among the Sinhalese will ever move into. North East. The only way to achieve Ealam is for the TNA to run a campaign encouraging Tamils in Sinhala areas to relocate themselves into North East.
        Soma

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          Why go on repeating the same lie you racist low life Sinhalese woman. The majority of the island’s Tamils live in the north and east 52% and 70% of the indigenous Tamils live in the north and east and the vast majority of the Tamils living in the Sinhalese south are the Indian origin estate Tamils, who were settled there by the British and have been living there for centuries. Even many of them did not want to live in the Sinhalese areas and migrated to the Tamil east and Vanni , however the Sri Lanakan governments did not want that and got alarmed , as they wanted the cheap labour of these people to pluck to tea and further their migration to the Tamil areas, will only strengthen the Tamils, especially in the east , which they had earmarked for Sinhalese settlement., therefore sent vans and the Sinhalese military forcibly deported them back to south. The irony is Tamils citizens cannot settle in Tamil areas but out of area Sinhalese are settled by the government. So it is the Sinhalese who want Tamil land not vice versa. Most Sinhalese like you are descended from low caste Indian Tamil immigrants , why dont you go back to Tamil Nadu too low life? “Sinhalese are inherently superior ” in what way? To burn loot rape and commit genocide. What can you expect from a people largely descended from Indian discards. They cannot attain anything by merit but need the government help to enter universities and gain jobs. Disgusting nasty person.

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          “I bet my last rupee that not a single Tamil family will ever move into North East.”
          Soma,
          I congratulate for the above sentence. Its great that your humanity level improved compare to 1958, 1977, and 1983. But I am sure you will agree that majority of the people live in the North East are Tamil speaking people and majority of them wanted to have their own administration in that part of the island. I would like to what will you do to those Tamils if the North East get independence from Sinhalese occupation? Will you massacre them as you did in 1958 & 1983 or keep them with equal rights as Sinhala?

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            Ajith,

            We will not massacre Tamil speaking people. We will send all of them (including Tamil Muslims) to North East so that Hindu Tamils and Muslim Tamils can cut each others throat. If Tamils have independent North East, the South will be only for Sinhalese and Veddas. There will be no Hindu Kovils and Mosques in the south.

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              Eagle Eye,
              So, why are you delaying that?

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        ThanthaiChelva

        I will be the happiest person in this island if all Tamils went back to their ancestral homeland together with their Sinhala brethren.
        Aren’t you going to make me happy? If you are please catch the first boat.

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      Niro
      who is Henry Willaim Cave?
      WIlliam Henry Hill wrote a book about Ceylon after a great research and he was convinced that a Tamil Kingdom ruled whole of Sri Lanka thousand and and thosands o years ago. Fascinated by the culture of Tamil he did further research and found that the Tamil culture prevailed the univesre even before Christ.In fact there is a theory that Jesus spoke Tamil. You may google.

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        JEsus Should have been Tamil. that is why at the end, he chose Cricifixtion just the way Pabakakran chose nanthikaddal in order to escape Tamils.

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        You are right Rajash. In fact God himself is a Tamil and Our Lady wore a pottu.

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          yes I did he is a photographer…..

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          T
          A few of my feminist friends will object to all this MCP nonsense about God.
          They believe that God, if ever was one, was a WOMAN as men are too stupid for the job.
          When I look at what is going on on these pages I am much tempted to agree.

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        The kind of banal nonsensical comment from Rajash is utterly irrelevant and brings down the level of discussion. I am all for vitriolic comment but not asinine remarks that make a mockery of sensible debate. Colombo Telegraph you aRe dragging yourself into the gutter by posting these contributions.

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          Percy the pathetic

          I welcome your miserable attempt to replace Rajash’s nonsensical comment with your own nonsensical one. I am a believer in equal opportunity.

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          Percy – My post is Deliberately aimed at Niro to counter Niro’s nonsensical posting.
          There are so many nonsensical post here it CT. Whether its’ nonsensical to one or not depends on ones perception. .

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          Gentlemen,

          We don’t need to fight amongst oursleves. We both (Sinhalese and Tamils) have a common enemy. A pack of mad dogs that need to be put down or chased back to the dessert. Let’s unite against this common enemy. This is a once in a generation opportunity for the Tamils.

          • 2
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            Retarded Lt ……. Shameless Perera women sniffer

            I do not think anyone in this forum is willing to kill an animal. You will have to do it yourself, commit suicide.

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            Rtd Lt Perera

            I support your joint effort.

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        In fact there is another theory that Prabaakaran in a previous life lived in Jerusalem. It was he who taught Christianity to Jesus himself, and these latter day idiots are covering all these facts.

      • 4
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        Maybe the first ape that got down from the tree spoke Tamil and worshipped Shiva too.

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          Shenal dont you know that the lion that fuxxed who ever to produce the Sinhala race also spoke Tamil?

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            No I don’t believe in myths.

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          Shenali

          And the same first ape spoke Sinhala and practiced Sinhala/Buddhism.

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          Apes are NOT monkeys. Monkeys live on trees. Apes are grounded, since they have no tails. Why not you come down from where you are.

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          Shenal; didn’t you know that Adam was a Tamil, and Eelam was the Garden of Eden ?
          The First Humans that DNA tells us lived in Africa, are a Myth created by the Sinhalas

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        And Judas spoke Sinhala. Hence His unfortunate fate.
        Soma

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        Rajash

        I am beginning to wonder why the stupid Tamils and stupid Sinhalese are still fascinated by and looked to old and new evidence for the existence of their own king kings and kingdoms to locate their place in the history which both pathetically believe legitimises their claim to nationality, citizenship, exclusively belonging,…. to a piece of land or the same piece land or the land belonging to them. The kings changed and kingdoms changed. The borders of old kingdom shifted all the time.

        However broadly speaking the inhabitants mostly lived in their own habitats over a long period of time. Shouldn’t it be a question of habitats and livelihood of the people rather than kings and kingdoms?

        The recent wars/conflicts in this island prove the people, their state, their rulers or the their elected representatives are still living in the feudal times though they enjoy the fruits of science, technology and material development which bring physical comforts to both stupid people. Why do these two stupid people refuse to grow up, still live in the feudal past though some attempt have been made to camouflage their miserable state of mind and arrested development through various linguistic means?

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          Native – great post. I am off to Sri Lanka for Xmas…..may wander around Galle Face green on 31st Night….if you are there too we can toast the new year in

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            If you want to meet Native, go to Galkissa area.

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              you mean Mt Lavania Hotel.?…..Native does have the colonial taste.That is my favourite place for Sunday Lunch

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                Rajash & Jimmy the Dimwit

                A romantic (true ?) story is attributed Mt Lavinia. Former Governor (1805-1813?) Thomas Maitland who was unmarried fell in love with a dancer Rodi/Portuguese girl named Lovina Aponsuwa.

                Search roar.media for detail.

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                  Great Love story Native.

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            Rajash

            Thanks for the invitation.
            I just want to avoid the public racist Dayan hence I am reluctant to visit crowded places. Wait he is going to type a piece on New Years Eve celebrations as if the crowd there came to support Dr Mahinada (LLD) and Dr Gota (DSc).

            Have a good time.
            While you are in Colombo remember to visit good book shops, Godage Book Shop (Maradana) and Kumarans (Wellawatte). I usually avoid trendy book shops which sell only imported English books to cater the chattering classes. Whether they read them or not its hard to say.

            Also if you are on extended holiday visit Galle Literary festival which is going to be held between 24 and 28th of Jan 2018. Please confirm the dates before travelling to Galle. You will meet a handful of Tamils. Talk to other young ones and get good education from them.

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              Thanks Native for the tips about the book shops. I always visit Kumarans. I will definitely visit Godage. this time.
              I may extend my stay. will keep you posted her in CT

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          NV
          Finally you have come to your senses. Word to word this is what I am struggling to convey too. Those who maintain that both parties are genetically same are the very same people who want to create different ethnic enclaves. Sampanthan aiya insists that they must be recognised as a ‘distinct ethnic entity’.
          Soma

          • 2
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            soma,

            You have not got it have you? When the Sinhala Buddhists bastardised the Constitution to suit their whim and fancy by making the SL as their own property, the Tamils need to asset themselves! This is the crux of the issue. The Tamils live in Colombo for economic reasons. You Sinhala created the ethnic consciousness because of your chronic insecurity. You ask native as to why he supports power devolution federal or otherwise and see what he says!

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        R
        You should google to know about HW Cave.
        Do you believe Hill’s flights of fantasy?

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          SJ – “Do you believe in Hill’s flights of fantasy” …ha ha ha you plonker Hill is my fictitious white colonialist!

          I was doing a litmus test on you guys. If a white man writes about ficitious Sinhala history it’s authentic for you guys. When I create a fictitious white colonial man and quote about Tamil history …..its a flight of fancy?

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            Rajash

            SJ is still in love with the weeping widow (Siri Mao) who could do no wrong while the tsunami that wreaked havoc in 2004 was caused by the cumulative effect of mistakes made by FP, TULF, TNA, Chelva, Amir, Sambandan, ………………….. and their Tamil caste consciousness.

          • 0
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            R
            I checked for Hill on Google, and found nothing. But I did not rule out his existence as claimed by you. And the reported content did not sound right.
            But people obsessed with things have a habit of citing fictitious sources.
            *
            “White” historians have written about Tamil presence in prehistoric Sri Lanka, and you seem unaware of it.
            It was “White’ historians that distinguished Dravidian l;anguages from Sanskrit and related Harappa to Dravidians.
            Will you reject them too.
            People swallow lies of their choice.
            *
            To what category does your ignorance of HW Cave belong?

      • 1
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        Lord Jesus spoke Aramaic. Short and sweet. Do not know about the rest.

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      Niro

      I love your selected history of this island. Please do continue the rest if it gives you immense pleasure.

      Could you tell us when did Polonnaruwa first come into existence as administrative capital of that part of the island.

      By the way since Parakrama the great invaded India would you like to claim that part of India as belonging to this island? You type he invaded more distant countries, could you name them, for example Jaffna peninsula, Katchativu, Munusamy island in Beira Lake, ……………… Mandathivu….

      Mercenaries from south India were recruited by whoever ruled or aspired to rule this island to fight among themselves.

      What has Buddhism among Tamils in pre colonial Tamilaham and Ilam got to do with your story?

      There is lot more to the story of this island than what you want us to know.

    • 7
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      The Sinhalese , originated largely from the Tamil speaking Yakka tribe who converted to the Buddhism 2300 years ago and gradually started corrupt their local Tamil dialect(Elu) with the Pali/Sanskrit of Buddhism. The island had two major tribes the Naga and the Yakka , these were Dravidian tribes who either spoke proper Tamil or the semi Tamil Elu. dialect The Naga were the elite rulers , more sophisticated engaging in trade and other forms of commerce. The Yakka were the lowly boorish unsophisticated peasants. This is the reason even now in the Sinhalese language someone who is simple unsophisticated and boorish is derogatively called a “Yakka” . Whilst most Yakka converted to Buddhism and were open to Prakritisation of their Tamil language and culture, the Naga did not . They had no need to , they were the ruling sophisticated elite and had no need to convert to some new faith, preaching salvation and equality. Therefore in the Naga predominating areas in the north and east the population largely remained Saivite and they retained their ancient Tamil identity and language. In the areas where the lowly Yakka predominated they converted to Buddhism and were open to Prakrtisation of their language and culture. Hence the Sinhalese people evolved in the south of Island, whilst the ancient Tamil identity and Saivite religion were retained in the Naga predominating North and East. The small number of Naga in the south also converted , whilst the Yakka minority in the NE remained Tamil. The King who converted Buddhism was a Tamil Naga. Later other immigrants/invaders from India largely from the then Tamil country who largely settled in the Sinhalese areas and also ruled them became Sinhalese. Around 50% of the present day Sinhalese are purely descended from low caste Indian Tamil immigrants, who were imported into the island by the Portuguese and Dutch colonials. 90% of the so called Sinhalese aristocracy and upper castes are of South Indian origin again largely from the Tamil country in India.

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        Sinhalese historians have agreed that the Hela people are descended from Raksha, Naga, Yakka and Deva tribes. Yet Tamils make no mention of the Raksha’s and Devas. Which proves Tamils know nothing about native history.

        How could you ? You guys can’t read Pali, Sanskrit, Elu or Sinhala ,. All you have is mythology from Tamil Nadu and One book the British Translated.

        The Union between the Rakshas and Nagas created last names like Nanayakkara, Samaranayake, Dahanayaka, etc – this is evidenced by the Na and a , k sound’s. The Devas ( Gods) appear to have ruled over the three groups. Also the main Buddhist Priests are called Mahanayakka ( Ma- Ha-Na- yakka ) Nayakka- or Na-yakka also means leader in sinhala.

        When did this happen you may ask . In the Dvapara yug or Devapara yuga. Which is 6697-3397 BC. This is the epic period of the Ramayana and MahaBahratha.

        Further more Ravana is mentioned in the Mahavamsa as well as the Rajavaliya, or Sinhala King list. Translated to English in 1900. Published in Tamil Nadu in 1994 and still in print. The Rajavaliya starts with a version of the Big bang theory. Which did not become known in the west until the 1930’s and 40’s. It was introduced to the world by the Germans not Yanks or Brits.

        It must have come as a shock for the Tamils to see Ravana claimed by the Sinhalese back 1900. At a point when Tamils had never been published in English.

        Further more he is mentioned By the Ceylonese Simon Cassie Chetty in his Ceylon Gazatter ( 1838 ) . and 19th century writers such as Jonathan Forbes , Sir Emerson Tennent, William Knightinton and others. All from Sinhala records. Since Tamils were busy plucking Tea at that point in History.

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          Short and sweet utter rubbish.

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          There is evidence of Naga and Yakka but no evidence of Raksha and Deva ( gods) they are part of the Hindu mythology and so is Ravana . As per mythology he is an ardent Saivite and a Brahmin. Sinhalese language and a people called Sinhalese only came into existence from the 7-8TH century onwards. Nanayakara is a pure Tamil name. Nanayam means in Tamil coin also intergrity so Nanayakaran means a person with intergrity . Please do not post nonsense and make a fool of yourselves. In the 1930s many German racist were looking and searching for myths regarding Aryan superiority over others and even adopted the Swastika. Sinhalese is a bastard language with a 40% Tamil based vocabulary. Its grammar syntax and lexicon as well as its alphabet are all 100% derived from Tamil. Not Sanskrit not Pali or any other language. Take the Tamil element from Sinhalese and there will be no Sinhalese. Most of the Sinhalese are descended from low caste Indian Tamil immigrants and the lowly indigenous Yakka who converted to Buddhism. They were always ruled by Indigenous Tamil speaking Naga kings and aristocracy and were later ruled by Tamil speaking South Indian kings and aristocrats. This is a fact and do not create stupid myths to hide the truth.

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      They only took on a Sinhalese identity to save their immense wealth and lands , when they lost their ties to their Tamil motherland in India( Like the Normans in England) after European colonisation. Please post the truth instead of racist lies and garbage.
      Prakrama the great was the son of a Pandian Tamil prince and was an ethnic Tamil . The Pandian king was his grandfather. This is why he built a statue to venerate the so called father of the Tamil language Saint Agathiar. Now Sinhalese racists are lying and hoodwinking the world stating this he built a statue of himself. No one living builds a statue of themselves. Go to any part of South India and see the statue of Saint Agathiar , it is very similar to the so called statue of King Prakrama. Pandian kings used to take the title Prakarama or Perumagan. Like Parakrama Pandian (1161-1162) and their title originated from Pandu ( meaning ancient in Tamil) or Paandi ( meaning bull in Tamil ). Most of the ancient kings in Sri Lanka are from this Tamil Pandian line. Hence Pandu Panduwasnuwara ( meaning the city of the Pandians). Polonaruwa was built by the Tamil Cholas and has the greatest ancient architectural gems in the island . These were all built by the Tamil Cholas and but Sinhalese are now again lying to the world , that these are all ancient Sinhalese architecture. Stop lying racist

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        RSS
        Parakramabahu analyses as para-akrama-bahu (It has nothing to do with Perumahan; nor is it unique to Tamil.)
        Para= alien, enemu
        akrama= destroy, defeat (making parakrama mean mighty)
        bahu= shoulder
        *
        There was no saint Agastiar except in mythology or perhaps one of your “Grantha language” texts.
        *
        Don’t you tire of passing off such absolute b** s**t as history?

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          Was wondering when the apologist to Sinhalese racism and Muslim extremism was going to make his stupid two cents worth comment.

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          The only bull sh-t here is you. You really do not know history but come here and argue try to quip ( but fail) for the sake of doing this or for some personal agenda.
          Even ordinary Malayalees ( not fanatics or hardliners ) are agreeing with what I state but you keep on arguing and disputing thinking it will advance your pro Sinhalese/Muslim agenda

          http://learningschoolsubjects.blogspot.com.au/2015/12/history-of-indian-languages.html

          https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingua_Malabar_Tamul

          https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk:Lingua_Malabar_Tamul#.23Disputed

          Grantha is a script but the highly Sanskritised language that the immigrant Namboothiri Brahmins from Tulu Nadu along the western Kanara coast,brought with them , written in the Grantha based Tulu Tilagari script was called Tulu Grantha Bhasha to distinguish and separate it from the indigenous Malayalama or Lingua Malabar Tamul or the the native Tamil dialect, of the native population that was spoken and used by the majority of the population in Kerala , including the powerful native Christian Church until the 1820s , when the British deliberately banned this and promoted the Tulu Grantha Bhasha as the official language of Kerala, as the Brahmins and their half caste bastards the Nairs were their allies. They incorporated a lot of Dravidian Tamil words into the Tulu Grantha Bhasha to make it more palatable to the natives. I now consider this subject closed and do not want to entertain your stupid arguments.

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        Says Who ? Your own Ananda Kentish Coomaraswarmy

        Mediaeval Sinhalese Art: Being a Monograph on Mediaeval Sinhalese Art
        Ananda Kentish Coomaraswamy – 1908 – ‎
        Thus The Work Presents The Work Of Sinhalese Craftsman Under Mediaeval Conditions. Which Survived In Eighteenth Century And To A Less Degree Even In The Present Day.

        Journeys East: 20th Century Western Encounters with Eastern Art
        Harry Oldmeadow – 2004 –
        In studies like Medieval Sinhalese Art (1908), The Arts and Crafts of India and Ceylon (1913), and his earliest collection of essays, The Dance of Shiva (1918), Coomaraswamy combated the prejudices of the age and reaffirmed traditional understandings of Indian art. He revolutionized several specific fields of art history, radically changed others. His work on Sinhalese arts and crafts and on Rajput painting, though they can now be seen as formative in the light of his later work

        Anarchist Modernism: Art, Politics, and the First American Avant-Garde
        Allan Antliff – 2001 – ‎
        Ananda Coomaraswamy, Medieval Sinhalese Art (Broad Campden: Essex House Press, 1908), v. 23. Lipsey, 89. 24. Ananda Coomaraswamy, Essays in National Idealism (Colombo: Colombo Apothecaries Co., 1909), ii-iii, 41. Coomaraswamy’s conception of the oppositionist import of this religious ethic vis-a-vis industrial capitalism is summed up in the 1916 introduction to Buddha and the Gospel of Buddhism,

        Sacred Modernity: Nature, Environment and the Postcolonial …
        Tariq Jazeel – 2013 – ‎
        Coomaraswamy’s seminal 1908 monograph Medieval Sinhalese Art was itself enabled by the Sinhalese arts and crafts movement. The monograph called for a modern revival of that tradition (Jeganathan 2004: 194).

        Worldly Affiliations: Artistic Practice, National Identity, and … –
        Sonal Khullar – 2015 –
        He cited Ananda K. Coomaraswamy’s Medieval Sinhalese Art (London, 1908) and Wilhelm Worringer’s Abstraction and Empathy (Munich, 1908) as key influences. Inspired by the Arts and Crafts movement in England and contemporary anti-colonial nationalist Swadeshi movement in India, Coomaraswamy’s treatise presented a materialist, if polemical, history of art in Sri Lanka,

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          Niro

          What is your point if there is one?

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          Keep on posting nonsense and you think people will believe your lies. The so called Sinhalese kings( Tamils in reality) used to import craftsmen as well as other tradesmen from their Tamil homeland in South India. As these converted Buddhist Yakka now Sinhalese were not skilled at anything All these so called Sinhalese craftsmen in Kandy and other parts of the island have a Tamil South Indian origin. You forgot to mention this too.

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      niro,

      “Parakiraman“ means jack of all trades, and it is an adjective for the name Bahu.

      EnAG

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    Why Arumuga Navalar Supported sinhala people. Why Sankili is a sinhala Bastard child.

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    As long as the mindset of Tamil or Sinhala , either superiority or who occupied the land of Lanka first and without understanding that millenniums ago land mass was one and no in between, there will be no peace. Without peace , no prosperity. Sri Lanka will be a pawn in others hand.

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    It will be good if the Sinhala Buddhist go to Mynmar. They could join them and leash violence on the Muslims as they did to the Tamils in Srilanka . One cannot understand
    as to how the so called Buddhist, who are supposed to shower love and affection even on their enemies could descend to the level of Barbarians. Is there any psychological reason for this. However the Buddhist in Thailand, Vietnam and other places does not seem to do so. Can some body Explain please.

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      Anaga, have you never heard of Pol Pot of Cambodia or the Viet Cong of Vietnam?

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      Elementary Anaga, it is the politicians on both sides of the divide who happen to gain from the propagation of racism, not you and I the ordinary folk who get on thick as thieves in certain cases. Have not we Sinhalese and Tamils married and lived in perfect harmony. Boycott all racist politicos who profit from the conflicts they create and we could make this place a Paradise for all.

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    Poor Paul
    Neither the Khmer Rouge nor the Vietcong used religion as a factor.

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      SJ don’t you know that Pol Pot was an ex-monk.

      Cordially,
      Paul

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        Paul
        Thanks for the trouble.
        But this is what I have: “In 1934, Pol Pot moved to Phnom Penh, where he spent a year at a Buddhist monastery before attending a French Catholic primary school.”
        *
        Does it make him a monk?.
        *
        Even if he was an ex-monk, the Khmer Rouge was not a religious outfit.
        *
        Be careful with your sources.
        Regards.
        Siva

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        Paul

        Please make sure you don’t upset SJ with your derogatory remarks on Mao, Siri Mao, Pol Pot, Abimael Guzman, VP, ………………..

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    Karikaalan
    The sentimental outpourings apart, what dis Tamilnadu politicians really achieve for Tamils here, except use them for their narrow purposes?
    There are fringe groups making noises, but each has its price tag. None dares defy Delhi.
    *
    CV Wigneswaran in his early days as CM, NPC wisely appealed to Tamilnadu politicians to lay off.

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    What is the point in raking up this old shit ? Mr Karikalan It is true wrongs were committed and Tamils were discriminated and suffered. There cannot be progress without forgiveness and reconciliation. Like what the Great Nelson Mandela . SJV instead of visiting Tamil Nadu leaders should have learnt from C N Annadurai as soon as Delhi passed the anti seccesion law in the early sixties CN made a about turn and worked toward economic emancipation of his people and now Tamil Nadu is the most prosperous states in India. While SJV took us to boycotting everything and lead us to a confrontational course which led to Nandikaddal in 2009 He is the father of Nandikaddal not the utopian Tamil Eelam Make note India does not want a peaceful and prosperous .and used the Tamil issue as a cat s paw to destabilize Sri Lanka

    The Tamil people (I am one) are like the Donkey on which the Lord Jesus rode to Jerusalem . The Donkey thought that the Palm Leaves and the garments were that were strewn was for it until the Lord Alighted from it . Like so as Long as President Mahinda Rajapakse MR was in power and his policies were anti western and Pro – China /Russia the west was crying out for human rights violations and international probe which has now suddenly died down and GSP + has been restored by the EU . The Tamils have a over rated opinion that the world cares so much for them wake up mate they care tuppence they only have their interests at heart

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    Bertrand Russel was one of several thousand demonstrators against the Sinhala Only Bill, in London, in 1961.
    M. Sivasithambaram was one of the most able MPP, who highlighted the Standardisation issue in Parliament and who appeared pro deo to several Tamil youth who were taken in under the PTA.
    I now know that this essayist had juniored him.
    Most Tamils now refer to before and after July 1983 like BC and AD.

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      Sivasithamparam’s son was LTTE and was killed. HEre this article say, it was a monk who destroyed his son. I don’t know how he found that it was only a monk but not any other details. No one herd that monks involved in it until this article comes out.

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    Pygs
    Sinhala Only was in 1956. Why would Russel protest on that in 1961?
    Was he taking a break from the nuclear disarmament campaign?
    I think that there is some mix-up.
    *
    The only connection I could track was a local reference to British police ‘tolerating’ his performing satyagraha outside the Ministry of Defence in UK, comparing it with police conduct in Jaffna.
    *
    The FP event ended up as a damp squib after the overkill by the FP’s ‘gang of three’ in printing “Thamilarasu” postal stamps and stamped stationery, making it easy for the government to come down heavily on the campaign by declaring a state of emergency. (I was an eye witness to the tail-end events.)

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      SJ

      Bertrand received the news by snail mail, smoke signal, talking drums, …. . There was no internet, whatsapp, ….

      “police conduct in Jaffna” was excellent, disciplined, gentlemanly, respectable, …………………. they shared peace pipe with Tamil leaders and other satyagrahies, had lunch with them.

      In fact everything was beautifully organised by the weeping widow. Shame on Federal Party and its Tamil leadership to have organised this protest.

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    History of Sri Lanka did not start on 1948 February 04. Involvement of Tamils in South India in Sri Lankan affairs is nothing new. Recorded history states that Sri Lanka was invaded as much as seventeen times by South Indian Dravidian speaking invaders since 230 BCE. Coming with armies of Tamils from South India they ruthlessly wiped out entire Sinhala villages along their way to Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa the royal capitals of the past. These highly prosperous Sinhala capitals were ransacked and plundered and the people subject to untold atrocities. The latest Tamil invasion was carried out by Prabhakaran and his LTTE army. That attempt was also failed in the same way as happened in previous attempts. Having realized with bitter experiences that Tamils can never beat Sinhales by fighting wars, now Vigneshwaran and Sampanthan are trying to get what they could not get by fighting wars through the new constitution.

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      @Percy- does this qualify as nonsensical post?

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      Eagle Eye: Read the history, in some occasions, Sinhala sub kings ruled part of South india.

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        Jim softy

        Could you give us the name, date, ….which part…. citing the source?

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          South India, point very nenar Sri lanka during the King Walagamba, there was one Sinhala Sub king.

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    CN Annadurai was inspired by Periyaar’s DK platform of anti-superstition, anti-caste and such progressive views.
    The DMK that Anna founded was somewhat idealistic. The realisation that there is money waiting to be made dawned. DMK splintered into DMK, AIADMK and several minor parties. The wealth of the leaders was (and is) legendary. Right now AIADMK is disintegrating. The people have got used to corruption as part of living.
    Successive GoI looked on unable to make any inroads. When the CM of Tamil Nadu, Jayalalitha died, leadership was up for grabs. The ultra cunning Modi helped to get the leadership tussle to progress. We may soon see a BJP led TN! What next?
    SL politics has evolved in a similar path.

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      KP
      Modi Economics is slipping badly and he cannot control his Hindutva goons.

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    SJ.
    Stupid question. It became Law in 1961!

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