26 October, 2020

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Tamils, Muslims And The Issue Of North & East Merger

By Ameer Al

Dr. Ameer Ali

Dr. Ameer Ali

The issue of merging the Northern and Eastern provinces into one larger Tamil dominant unit is continuing to create tension between the Muslim and Tamil communities at a time when constitutional reforms are under consideration. From the majority Sinhalese point of view such a merger is feared as a stepping stone for the ultimate division of the country. There are historical antecedents to support this fear and tension respectively.

While a combination of factors such as the confused double talk between Federalism and Tamil Arasu or Rule by Tamil leaders in the past, the bitterness caused by a senseless civil war, and above all the proximity of Tamil Nadu to the north of the island are contributing to an embedded fear of Tamils in Sinhalese psych, an equally historical and mutual suspicion between the Tamils and Muslims especially in political matters is continuing to thwart a rational discussion of issues involved in the proposed merger.

As far as the Muslim community is concerned and viewed objectively the issue of North East merger is a problem for Muslims of the North and the East only and not for the entire Muslim community. This may be disconcerting to the current Muslim political leadership. However, it is a fact that in terms of economic and linguistic interests the Muslims of these two provinces are different from their counterparts in the other seven. In fact in terms of economic interest only one can divide the Muslim community into three groups: those of the east and north whose economic interests are wedded primarily to the land; those of the Western, Southern, North-Eastern, South-Western and Sabragamuwa provinces whose primary interests are mostly in commerce; and those of the Central and Uva provinces whose interests are mostly in petty business and market gardening.

The present Muslim leadership without an understanding of these sectional differences is making a cardinal error in conflating all Muslim issues into a mega one. Similarly, in the matter of constitutional reforms Muslim leaders must take a visionary approach and propose measures that will ultimately strengthen the unity of the nation while making its Muslim constituents a dynamic element.

In the Eastern Province and particularly in the Batticaloa district the Muslims form roughly thirty per cent of the population; but they have only three per cent of the land. Under various government schemes in the past some of the Muslim paddy lands were acquired and not all of that was given back to the owners once the schemes failed. Various colonization schemes in the East have disturbed the communal population balance in that area and that was one of the issues that prompted the Tamil youth to take up arms. The most crucial question the Muslims face in the East therefore is which one of the options – a merged province or a demerged entity – provides better prospect for not only protecting the existing holdings but also to expand them. The Tamil leadership must understand this issue and initiate an honest dialogue with the Muslims.

It is time the Tamil leaders climb down from their hegemonic pedestal and treat the Muslims as equal partners in a joint struggle for minority rights. Those rights should be won within a democratic and unitary state. Any dialogue with Muslims that jeopardise this objective will certainly fail. It is immaterial whether the chief minister of a merged entity be a Muslim or Tamil. What matters is the material benefits that would be proportionally distributed to the constituent communities within an enlarged political entity.

Land is the issue for Tamils and it is the issue for Muslims also. What solution do Tamil leaders propose to this fundamental problem in a merged province?

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Latest comments

  • 7
    4

    Muslims are not Tamils but they speak Tamil at home and the language of education is Tamil in the Northern and Eastern province. Tamils should respect their identity and Muslims should respect the identity of Tamils. Always it is good to have worthy discussions because future depends on what they decide on the merger of North East.

    Historically,Tamils and Muslims are dominant ethnic groups in the North East. According to 1881 population statistics 60% Tamils, 35% Muslims and Sinhalese 5%. Between 1881 and 1946 Muslims population grew to 39%, Sinhalese population remained unchanged and Tamil population declined to 54%. This may be due to high proportion birth rates among Muslims. However, since 1946 Sinhalese population grew faster while both Tamils and Muslims population declined. Between 1946 and 1981, Tamils population declined to 42%, Muslim population declined to 32% but Sinhalese population grew exponentialy from 5% to 25%. If that trend would have continued the Sinhalese population would be 50% by 2031. However, the civil war started in 1983 made the slow down of the Sinhalese growth. Muslim population came back to its 1881 level but the % of Tamil population still going down.

    The relationship between Tamils, Muslims and Sinhalese in the past was not always good or always bad. However, since 1948, the relationship between Tamils and Sinhalese has become hostile due to language policy, land policy, education policy etc. With time, the cordial relationship betwwen Tamils and Muslims also started to decline but the relationship between Muslims and Sinhalese become more cordial. This is partly because Sinhalese needed the help of Tamil speaking Muslims to tackle the resistance from Tamils. When the Civil war ended with resistance from Tamils eliminated, the relationship between Sinhalese and Muslims in the South deteriorated because the Sinhalese feared that Muslims may become a competitive force in the South. Before 1948, there was no competition between Tamils, Sinhalese and Muslims for resources because none of us had the power over administration or resources but now power is in the hands of Sinhalese and Tamils and Muslims are looking for identity and safety of their race.
    For Tamils the North East merger is important because the safety of Tamils living in the East and there is a danger loosing the land, language and their identity in the East. For Muslims the land is important, the safety is important but not the language. The options are now:
    1. Merged North East with land and police powers
    2. Provinces as it is now
    3. Provinces with land and police powers.
    Provinces as it now: In the East, none of the races have a majority, So you need to have merge with one or other.
    The possible merges are: Tamil & Muslim, Tamil & Sinhalese, Sinhalese & Muslims. In politics, opportunistic mergers are always possible and you can’t ignore one over other.The competition is going to be who is going to reach 50% level of population as a race because no one wants to depend on the other to make their administration. This was the original motive of the Sinhalese when the started colonizing the East and they would have reached if there was no resistance in 1980s. The birth rate of Muslims are always faster than both Sinhalese and Muslims and Muslims may reach 50% quicker and both Sinhalese and Tamils will be marginalised in the East. I don’t know how far this situation is acceptable to Sinhalese who aims to create a one Nation, one language, One race and one Relegion throughout the island.
    If the fear of Sinhalese are true and the fear of Muslims are true, what about the fear of Tamils?
    Tamils have to think!

    • 5
      4

      The solution to North-East merger is simple if the contenders are fair and truthful. In the modern world annexation of lands by colonisation as in Isreal or ethnic cleansing as in Bosnia are not allowed. In the east both colonisation by Sinhalese and ethnic cleansing of Tamils by both Sinhalese and Muslims has effected a change in demography. The ethnic compositon in eastern province at the turn of the century show a clear Tamil majority. Amparai district was deliberately created in 1956 by carving out parts of Batticaloa district and annexing revenue districts of Padiyatalawa and Mahaoya revenue of Uva province. Just because Sinhalese and Muslims do not want a merger, does not mean that Tamils should be denied one. How can Sinhalese who were only 2% in Trincomalee and 5% in eastern province and Muslims who were settled as refugees less than 500 years ago stand in the way of wish of Tamils.

      Remove Amparai electorate and Lahugala AGA division from Amparai district and link it to Uva province. Similarly remove Gomarankadawala AGA division from Trincomalee district and link it to North-Central province. By this way 80% of Sinhalese will be excluded from eastern province. Link remainder of eastern provincde to northern province. In order to compensate for loss of land, remove Puttalam electorate which is predominantly Tamil speaking where names of places are in Tamil, and referred to as Demala hatpatttu in the Kandyan kingdom, from Puttalam district and link it to Northern province. After these changes carve out traditional Muslim areas, (not lands forcibly alienated from Tamils during the war) to form a non contiguous Muslim sub-regional council like Pondechery. This is a win win solution to Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslims and will be opposed only by extremists.

      • 4
        2

        Dr.Sankaralingam,

        Please do tell us how you propose to reverse accomplished history. We can repeatedly parrot history, but have to contend with current and quite well entrenched realities.

        We are dealing with human communities who are well rooted now. How are we going to up root them? Is the proposed north-east merger a solution that will make the Muslims and Sinhalese in the east, ‘ minor’ minorities in the merged N-E province? The Muslims and Sinhalese fear this possibility. I am working on a village development project in the east, the past few months and can discern this concern. It appears many Tamils in the east would welcome this development, despite the on-going struggle for dominance between the three comminities. The east is progressing at a faster clip than the north, and I do not see why the east should become the wagging tail of the dormant north.

        Dr.RN

        • 2
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          Dr. Narendran,
          Justice must be upheld whether Sinhalese and Muslims like it or not. In Bosnia solution, all the lands that were ethnically cleansed by Serbs were handed back to Muslims even at the extent of uprooting Serbs. If the Sinhalese and Muslims are unwilling to accept truth and are standing in the way of justice to Tamils, then there cannot be reconciliation. Please read my suggestion for the merger, in which 80% of Sinhalese will not be miorities under Tamils and almost all the Muslims in Eastern Province and Mannar/Puttalam areas will be ruling themselves without living as minorities under Tamils. Sinhalese and to some extent Muslims have committed crime in east to change the demography, that gave rise to this situation to deny justice to Tamils.

          If north and east are not merged, Tamils will be a minority under Muslims and Sinhalese in the east, where Tamils were the first inhabitants, and have suffered the most. For you Tamils being a minority under Sinhalese and Muslims is fine, but Sinhalese and Muslims being a minority under Tamils is not correct. In North Muslims and Sinhalese whether they like it or not are minorities under Tamils unless government carries out demographic alteration to make Tamils minority as in East. Your statement that Tamils in east are happy under Sinhala and Muslim rule after talking to few people is hollow. Tamils in east may or may not like domination by north, but certainly they are unhappy being minorities under Sinhalese and Muslims after what is happening now.

      • 2
        3

        Dr.Sankaralingam,

        Please do tell us how you propose to reverse accomplished history. We can repeatedly parrot history, but have to contend with current and quite well entrenched realities.

        We are dealing with human communities who are well rooted now. How are we going to uproot them? Is the proposed north-east merger a solution that will make the Muslims and Sinhalese in the east, ‘ minor’ minorities in the merged N-E province? The Muslims and Sinhalese fear this possibility.

        I am working on a village development project in the east, the past few months and can discern this concern. It appears many Tamils in the east would welcome a merger, despite the on-going struggle for dominance between the three comminities. The east is progressing at a faster clip than the north, and I do not see why the east should become the wagging tail of the dormant north.

        Dr.RN

        • 0
          0

          Corrections to the abive duplicate comments:

          —-Tamils in the east would not welcome a merger—

          Dr.RN

        • 4
          1

          “Is the proposed north-east merger a solution that will make the Muslims and Sinhalese in the east, ‘ minor’ minorities in the merged N-E province? The Muslims and Sinhalese fear this possibility.”

          It is a stupid argument I have ever seen in the issue of North East merger. The discussion is about finding a solution to get rid of inequality. For you Tamils being a minor, minor minorities is an acceptable solution rather than Sinhalese and Muslims becomining minor minorities in the North East. If Muslims and Sinhalese have concerns in a Tamil majority administration why can’t talk together to find a reasonble mechanism to get rid of these fears.What you are saying it is ok for Tamils to be treated as third class citizens. The law and order should be equal to all, Employment opportunities are equal to all, Justice is equal to all. This is what needed for the Nation as a whole.

          • 2
            2

            Ajit,

            ” For you Tamils being a minor, minor minorities is an acceptable solution rather than Sinhalese and Muslims becomining minor minorities in the North East.”

            Quite a profound inference from what I have said!

            Do you think what could not be achieved in the once merged north and east can be achieved now in a re-merged north and east, after all the nastyness that was staged in the east?

            The Muslims have been alienated from the Tamils irritreavably by deliberate intent of successive governments to divide and rule, the desire of the Muslims to be a distinct and empowered minority and the stupidity of the LTTE. They are a well entrenched and enriched minority now in the east. The Sinhalese in the east are also entrenched, well rooted and protected by the government and other forces in the island. No one is going to concede anything to the other, considering they have benefitted from the present realty. The Tamils are of course losing ground, because of their lack of cohesiveness, selfishness and poor leadership from within. The leadership from the north never espoused the cause of the Tamils in the east, but rode to power on their backs. The LTTE treated the east as its permanent recruiting grounds for cadres-sacrificial land. These are facts you cannot deny or refute.

            Every community in the east, since the last war ended, is trying to be more equal than the other. The ‘ Haffna Tamil’ – the ‘ Yarlpani’ , is yet remembered more for treating the Easterners as people inferior to them, although some excellent teachers, doctors, merchants and administrators are remembered with affection.

            Do you think these can be reversed through reasonable nechanisms? Please justify why you want a north-east merger? Are your intentions altruistic?

            Please try to be realistic and face current ground facts. Let the easterners solve their problems as near equal communities within the eastern province. They are evolving towards a balance of sorts with all three communities living side by side in most areas, though in their own enclaves- Sengaladi and Eravur are good examples of this reality. This evolving balance will be disturbed by a merger with the the Tamil-dominated north.

            Concentrate on making the north a better place for Tamils to their to live and prosper. Ask the Chief Ministeir of the north to do what he can to make life there better with what he has, instead of playing politics, claiming for things he does not have. He is like a man who cut his mustache off for one stage act!

            Dr.RN

            Dr.RN

            • 3
              0

              Naren,
              Yes I strongly believe that the merged North East is better solution than the current Provincial Council System under unitary system of Governance. The indo-lanka accord was not an accord that was created in a peaceful situation and it was not genuinely accepted agreement. Banda-Chelva pact and Dudley-Chelva pact were the only solutins agreed between Tamil and Sinhala leaders. Oslo accord in 2002 was agreed when the government was in a weaker position. In otherwords whatever the agreements came after 1983 were were forced on both sides.
              The riots against Tamils in 1958, 1977, 1983, the removal of Muslims from Jaffna, Muslims attack on Tamils in the East, and so many unlawful killings happened in this country are results of something for which the responsibility lies on those who took the responsibility to govern this island. Yes, Tamil leaders made mistakes, Muslim leaders made the mistakes, Sinhalese leaders made the mistakes. It is sad you ignored all others who created the enviornment for creation of LTTE but only put the fingers only on LTTE.
              The end of war did not bring peace but created a dictatorship and brought back the violence against ethnic minorities. However, in 2015 Tamils and Sinhalese were united in getting rid of the dictatorship and realised that the problem created in the early period of independence should be resolved. So it is time to sit and talk and looking back what went wrong in the past, what was agreed in the past and how we can find the solution which ensures security, justice, economic welfare for all communities.

              There is no one denies that Muslims are part of North East. Though Sinhalese are colonized in the North East recently, they will be part of the North East. I am sure all these will be treated equally in the North East and I am sure the Southern devolved units will also treat Tamils, Muslims, Indian Tamils of their units as equally. At this juncture, it is important to recognise that it is the South administration lead by Sinhalese majority did not treat minorities equally and fundamentally they have to change. Unless they change, whether it is provincial council or district councilor or any other form governance will suceeed.

    • 9
      5

      Correction Muslims in Sri Lanka other than the Malays and Borah are Tamils ethnically, as they are descended from Dravidian Tamil Hindus who converted to Islam, a little bit of Arab amongst a few hundred southern Muslim elite families, does not make them Arab. Christian Sinhalese or Tamils are not classified as Europeans of Jews.
      The So called Sri Lankan Muslims or Moors is a religious classification and not an ethnic classification. When the Portuguese incorrectly classified all the sub continental Muslims as Moors, it was a religious and not an ethnic/racial classification, as the only Muslims that they had met prior to their journey around the world, were the Moors who originated from north Africa and ruled the Iberian peninsula. Many of these so called Iberian Moors had lived there for centuries and had heavily intermarried with the local European population. Many were blonde and blue eyed.
      Other than the Tamil Muslims of Sri Lanka, all other sub continental Muslims communities quickly shed this incorrect classification given to them by the Portuguese colonials and called themselves by their proper ethnicity EG Punjabi, Malayalee, Bengali, Tamil, Gujrathi, Sindhi ETC.
      Only the Tamil Muslims in Sri Lanka pathetically clung to this incorrect classification, as this suited them, especially the southern their southern elite and the 72% living in the Sinhalese south. thinking by distancing themselves and denying their real Dravidian Tamil origins and claiming a fake Arab origin, they can escape the wrath hatred and contempt that Majority Sinhalese population, amongst whom most of them lived, had for the Tamils. It also suited the British colonial rulers who liked to divide and rule and then after independence the ruling Sinhalese elite, who also wanted to divide and rule the Tamils on the basis of caste region and religion.
      The Sri Lankan Muslims are not descended from the native Tamils but from Indian Tamil immigrants converts who started to migrated to the island from around 600-700 years ago. A few of them may have a very distant Arab male ancestor. Just look at their typical Sri Lankan Muslim family names. Marrikar, Lebbai, Rawther, Thambi Kutty Etc all Tamil Muslims castes names from South India.
      Only a few hundred Arabs traders arrived in the island or to South India over a span of a few hundred years. They never arrived in their thousands and settled down. Only a few amongst them also would have had some form of relationship with a local Tamil woman and produced half caste off springs. These Arab men would have all been married at a very young age to a close relative in their home country and the children through this marriage would have been considered their proper and true heirs. not these half casts bastards produced at various ports through various women. Even these thousand half/three quarte/ quarter castes would have got soon assimilated into the huge flood of Dravidian Tamil Muslims who were flooding into the island from South India.
      Lots of Sinhalese and Tamils have some European blood, this does not mean they are European, Similarly the Sinhalese and Tamil Christians in the island do not show the few thousand part European Burgher half castes as proof that the entire Christian population in the island is of European descent. The Sri Lankan Muslim claim to Arab/Moorish descent is as ridiculous as this. It is only being entertained and kept alive by the ruling elite to divide and rule the island’s Tamils and ultimately destroy them. Hindu Christian as well as Muslim. Unfortunately many of the southern Muslim elite also want this of Arab origin lie to be kept alive, for their own selfish political economic agenda. They do not care two about the Tamil Muslims living in the north and east but only use them as pawns for their own political agenda. They want to live in amity with the Sinhalese down south but do not want the Tamils Muslims in the north and east to live in amity with their fellow Hindu and Christian Tamils with whom they share a common language culture and origin( Dravidian).
      The east has always been the ancient land of the Tamils and the Tamilised Vedda. Its ancient history was only Tamil and Hindu. Not Sinhalese Buddhist or Muslim. Muslims only arrived in the east around 300-500 years ago as refugees. fleeing Portuguese and then Sinhalese persecution. They were given refuge and settled at various towns and a few villages. This is the reason despite their percentage the Tamils who are indigenous and native to the east own most of the land. Only in the 1970s Muslims started to purchase lands in the Amparai district from fleeing Tamils.
      The North and East have to be merged not only to safeguard the indigenous Tamils who are the true owners of these lands but also the Tamil Muslims in these areas who have also now lived their for centuries. In this merged land The Eelam Tamils should see to it that the rights of the Tamil Muslims are also protected and special provisions should be made for Muslim majority enclaves, so that they can maintain their own unique Tamil Muslim culture in these areas. Both people speak the same language more or less follow the same culture and are of the same Dravidian stock. Native or Indian. This should not be difficult.
      If the north and east are not merged and safeguarded for the Tamils speakers Tamils native/Indian origin and for the Tamil Muslims not only living in theses area but even for the ones living outside. .Both these people will loose immensely. United we stand divided all perish to the Sinhalese Buddhist racist onslaught that is supported by the government armed forces.
      Sinhalese majority Amparai electorate and the Gomarankadawela division in Trincomallee district can be removed from the east and merged with the Uva and North Central Provinces. This will take out 90% of the Sinhalese living in the east and also give them safety. The rest of the Tamil east should be merged with the north.

    • 8
      3

      Good summary, Ajith.

      I really like Muslim leaders to address the atrocities committed by armed Muslim youths with the support of Sri Lankan armed forces and intelligence. These atrocities include individual killing, random group killings, sexual violence against rural Tamil women at their homes, land grab, fishing right grab, etc.

      Dr Ameer Ali, do you have any comments there???

    • 4
      4

      Ajith

      Muslims are Tamils whose religion is Islam.

      They are more close to being ‘traditional Tamils’ than those who practise Christianity.

      Tamil political class is using various permutations and combinations of ‘Tamil’ , ‘Tamil speaking people’ ‘Tamil nation, Eazam Tamils’ etc to suit their purpose depending on the issue at hand.

      That is why I keep on asking does ‘Tamils’ include all Tamil speaking people in the island irrespective of their religion or the date of arrival OR only Hindu and Christian Tamils in the North excluding those who practise Islam and those who arrived during the British.

      There is no use falling into a devilish rage and attempting to vilify me. A simple question for which a direct, unambiguous answer can be given.

      Soma

      • 1
        0

        soma ..go away pachha bahu,

        Both christian and muslim faith are from the same stone and are the classic crusaders (conversion of people) so they can take their pick of the best. lanka `boru buddhist` horu and crusaders unlike Mahayana buddhist like tibetans who are selective about whom they accept to their school of teaching- main thing is they work for their living as monks by teaching the 4th element which lankan Sanga is sitting on. stupid lankan 3 gems in salutation without 4th mindfulness the essential component therefore the luxurious life. .

  • 14
    19

    The north-east merger is neither a practical nor realistic option. The three communities in the east should work out a viable power sharing option to develop their province with each community equal to the other. They should view themselves as easterners and improve their province. The Provincial Council should work for all communities, as an example to the rest of the island. There is no other alternative.

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

    • 8
      0

      Dear Dr. Narendran,
      There is no point in arguing for or against north east merger. Except for few broad minded Sinhalese, the rest are not in favour of sharing power or territory with Tamils,leave alone Muslims. It is being brain washed among Sinhalese that they are the owners, masters and rulers of the entire island. This supremacist tendency will not go away easily.

      Provincial council system was not the idea of the Sinhalese, but one forced on them by India. It is why the process was sabotaged from the very begining. Even if Sinhala politicians may become enlightened and allow devolution to proceed, Sinhala bureaucrats and security forces will not permit it, by placing obstacles to destroy all this goodwill.

      • 5
        2

        North East merger was accepted phenomenon in all agreements including Banda-Chelva pact, Dudley-Chelva pact, Indo-Lanka accord and Oslo accord made in the past. So, there is no question of practical or realistic issues here. The demographic changes in the North East are artificial ones, not natural ones. It is the only solution which will remove the fear of all three communities of this island. We talk about the fear of Sinhalese and Muslims in a merged North East but these fear are created artificially with political motivation & lies. Ammer talks about the fear of Tamil Nadu, then what about the fear of Pakistan, Bangladesh and Arab world? What about the fear of Buddhists of China? Can anyone stop if India take control of this island? There is no justification for denying the rights of others because of a fear that was not real. We need to talk about how we can live fearlessly in a devolved/federal united Srilanka with the common principles of power sharing administration? There is nothing wrong in implementing common policies in all federal units. Sinhalese living in the North East can enjoy the same benefits as the Tamils in the South. Does anyone think that there should be a different measures for justice for Sinhalese, Tamils and Muslims?

      • 1
        3

        Dr.Sankaralingam,

        ” Except for few broad minded Sinhalese, the rest are not in favour of sharing power or territory with Tamils,leave alone Muslims. “

        I would say the opposite , having lived here in Sri Lanka over the past few years and traveled around. You are mistaking the noise and deeds of despicable politicians, officials and extremists to be the voice and desire of the ordinary people. The same stands for perception about Tamils among other communities.

        When I went two years back to a Grama Seveka in Jaffna, to register a Muslim family I had hired as caretakers for my house, he said loud and clear, ” Aen Thoppi piratihalai eduthaneengal?” ( why did you hire hat flippers?), without any qualms.

        We should stop generalizing and drawing wrong conclusions.

        Dr.RN

    • 7
      3

      To you anything beneficial to the island’s Tamil Speakers( Tamil and Tamil Muslim) that secures their land future and safety is not practical. Why is it not practical? It existed from 1988 until around 2005 when your former hero racist war criminal Rajapakse with the help of a racist Sinhalese kangaroo court disbanded it.
      Tamils are the true native and indigenous people of the east. The Tamils Muslims have been now living there for almost 400 years and belong. The Sinhalese do not belong. They were deliberately and illegally settled there by all Sinhalese led governments since independence on ethnically cleansed Tamils lands,to deliberately change the demography Tamil majority east to a Sinhalese majority within a few decades. Many of these so called present Sinhalese areas in the east were purely Tamil a few decades ago. The Tamil population living there were chased out their lands stolen and the place names changed and the entire Tamil Hindu character of the region was fully erased. Pattipallai Aru became Galoya. Katalai became Kantale, Amparai became Ampara, the latest was in the 1990s Manal Aru became Weli Oya, when during the JR era 19 Tamil Hindu villages in the along the border of Trincomalee and Mullaitivu strategically joining the Tamil north to the Tamil east, was ethnically cleansed by the Sinhalese armed forces led by the late Janaka Perera, who ironically was later assassinated by the Rajapakse regime. This was done deliberately and strategically to break the continuity of the Tamil North to the Tamil east. The entire area consisting of 19 villages was cleansed of its original Tamil Hindu population and Sinhalese from the south were brought in to settle in this area. This area was then renamed in Welioya a literal Sinhalese translation of the original Tamil name Manal Aru, meaning sandy river. One of these ethnically cleansed villages was renamed after the Sinhalese army general who was in charge of these ethnic cleaning activities Janaka Perera. The village was called Janakapura. When the LTTE became powerful all these new Sinhalese settlers from the south ran away and Sinhalese extremist are trying to distort history by stating ethnic cleansing of ancient Sinhalese villages. Ancient Sinhalese villages my foot. The percentage of the Sinhalese in the east was around 4.5% at the time of independence, only living in a few border villages. Tamils 60% majority and a clear in the Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts. Tamil Muslims 35% a clear majority in what is now the Amparai district. Now the Tamils reduced to 40% in the east and only in a majority in the eastern heartland Batticaloa district 78% and along the strategic coastal belt of Trincomallee district. The Muslims around 39% and the Sinhalese 21%. How did a population that was only around 4.5% around 1950 miraculously increase to 21% within a few decades? Answer is state sponsored illegal colonisation on ethnically cleansed Tamil lands. Most of these Sinhalese only arrived on the late 1970s 80s and 90s. These very recently arrived racist Tamil killing ethnic cleansing illegal settlers should not be allowed to decide on the fate of the ancient Tamil east. The kill murder rape loot Tamils chase them out from their land with government help and then have the deciding power on the fate of the remaining Tamil speakers living in the province? The answer is no. Unlike the Tamils and Tamil Muslims living in the south who arrived there legally many centuries ago and purchased land legally these illegal state sponsored Sinhalese settlers in the north and east did not. How did the Tamil Hindu population that was a majority 60% in all districts in the east become a 40% minority and now only a Majority in the Batticaloa district in the east within a few decades? The answer is due to large scale killing and ethnic cleansing of Tamils in the east. Many of them now languishing in the Indian refugee camps in Tamil Nadu.
      Instead of righting these historic wrongs and safeguarding what ever remains of the ancient Tamil lands, Sinhalese bootlickers like you want to legalise and ignore these atrocities, for your own selfish agenda.

      Siva Sankaran Sarma

      • 0
        4

        RSSS,

        Please answer this question:

        How many ‘Jaffna Tamils’ will be willing to give their sons and daughters in marriage to possible partners from the east?

        Dr.RN

        • 4
          2

          A good one doctor. By the way, how many of the Muslims or Sinhalese in the East will be amicable in getting their sons/daughters married to Tamils in the East? Or vice versa. I thought you had better brains than that.

          • 1
            3

            Jansee,

            I was referring to the northern and eastern Tamils,

            Dr.RN

            • 3
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              Doctor:

              The principle is all the same. Marriage is a personal choice. In a way you are right – the barriers being imposed in terms of race, religion, etc will have to be dismantled, and that includes caste but it is also sadly true that even another thousand Mahatmas cannot change the character of India. Those who defy such entrenched systems are few and far apart. Indoctrination starts in the cradle.

            • 2
              1

              every step you take to force marriage is like northern GA bounder.

        • 4
          1

          Actually lots do, may be not in your family that is why you are not aware of it. Will give you give members of your family in marriage to families in the east or to Tamils or others of lower standing?
          Anyway marriage is something personal and has nothing to do with Tamil rights or the North East merger. You are deliberately trying to mess this up and deflect the issue by discussing things that are irrelevant.
          Do caste and regional differences (Kandyan low country)amongst the Sinhalese affect their rights? The answer is no. SO why does this have to affect Tamil rights and justice to them. These caste class regional differences will always remain not only amongst the Tamils but also amongst every community throughout the world.
          You are just a Sinhalese lackey whose supports the ruling Sinhalese party’s agenda

          • 2
            2

            RSSS

            Not lets, but a few do. Do not deny realities, when there is an urgent need to resolve problems.

            Further, my children have married across even wider barriers.

            However, I can relate a tale from my life. We decided to bring ttwo children from a poor family from Jaffna in 2002. The parents quite happily handed them over. We did not investogate their caste, and yet dot care to do.
            However, some relatives, who visit us, stopped eating or drinking in our house, claiming that these children are if a lower caste.

            Coming back to Batticaloa, recently I suhhggested to a Jaffna Tamil family looking for bride for their son, to do so in Batticaloa. They were shocked that I could suggest such a thing!

            The ‘ Payiley Ottuhira’ (Pasting on the mat) -referring to magic employed to trap Jaffna Tamil males- theory yet prevails in Jaffna among some s-called upper castes.

            Raj mahal,

            I guess you are referring to the high levels of prostitution prevalent post-war in the north, I had reported a few years back. This is not a bounder, but a hard truth. It is so yet. Face facts and deal with them, to find solutions.

            Dr.RN

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        Siva Sakkara,

        1)”To you anything beneficial to the island’s Tamil Speakers( Tamil and Tamil Muslim) that secures their land future and safety is not practical. Why is it not practical? It existed from 1988 until around 2005 when your former hero racist war criminal Rajapakse with the help of a racist Sinhalese kangaroo court disbanded it. “

        During this time there was no provincial councils in operation in this region. All official administration was done from Colombo. It was merely on paper. Also you know how the indo Lanka accord was signed. It did not have the support of the sinhala people. Thanks to Rajiv Gandhi, you got a temp merger.

        IF YOU ARE UNHAPPY WITH THE KANGAROO COURT CALL FOR AN INTERNATIONAL INQUIRY FOR THE FAIRNESS OF THE JUDGEMENT JUST LIKE YOUR CALL FOR WAR CRIME INVESTIGATIONS.

        2) “Tamils are the true native and indigenous people of the east.”
        Tamils are not the true natives of East. Tamils are Natives of Tamil Nadu. In the East Tamils (along with the Muslims) live mainly closer to the coast. Bulk of the land had been sparsely populated sinhala villages. It is in these villages plus jungles being cleared that the sinhala people were settled.

        3)”The Tamils Muslims have been now living there for almost 400 years and belong.”

        THERE ARE NO TAMIL MUSLIMS. THERE ARE MUSLIMS. NO MATTER HOW HARD YOU TRY, THE MUSLIMS WILL NOT THROW IN THEIR LOT WITH YOU TAMILS. THERE ARE A SEPARATE GROUP WITH A SEPARATE POLITICAL LEADERSHIP.
        BESIDES YOUR HISTORY IN THE EAST (THAT TOO ALONG THE COASTAL BELT) IS VERY SIMILAR.

        4)”The Sinhalese do not belong. They were deliberately and illegally settled there by all Sinhalese led governments since independence on ethnically cleansed Tamils lands,to deliberately change the demography Tamil majority east to a Sinhalese majority within a few decades”

        EASTERN PROVINCE WAS DEMARCATED BY THE BRITISH FOR ADMINISTRATIVE PURPOSES FROM THE LAST KANDYAN KINGDOM. EVERY BIT OF PRESENT DAY EAST WAS POART OF THE KANDYAN KINGDOM.RELATIVELY THICKLY POPULATED TAMIL AND MUSLIM VILLAGES WERE ANNEXED WITH SPARSELY POPULATED PURANA SINHALA VILLAGES AND CREATED THIS ILLUSION.

        There is clearly no justification for once racial group claiming proprietary exclusive rights over the others within these two boundaries set artificially by the British merely because there are more members of that group over the others. If there is any validity in such contention it would follow with even greater force from the same principl, since there is and always has been within the natural borders of Sri Lanka, am overwhelming preponderance of Sinhalese, the entirety of Sri Lanka is the homeland of the Sinhalese.

        IF YOU THINK SINHALA PEOPLE HAVE BEEN ILLEGALLY SETTLED TAKE IT UP WITH THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY. PLS CALL FOR ANOTHER INQUIRY SIMILAR TO WAR CRIMES. I WONDER WHY YOU THALAYAS ARE NOT CALLING FOR AN INTERNATIONAL INQUIRY ON THIS.

        5)”Many of these so called present Sinhalese areas in the east were purely Tamil a few decades ago. The Tamil population living there were chased out their lands stolen and the place names changed and the entire Tamil Hindu character of the region was fully erased. Pattipallai Aru became Galoya. Katalai became Kantale, Amparai became Ampara, the latest was in the 1990s Manal Aru became Weli Oya, when during the JR era 19 Tamil Hindu villages in the along the border of Trincomalee and Mullaitivu strategically joining the Tamil north to the Tamil east, was ethnically cleansed by the Sinhalese armed forces led by the late Janaka Perera, who ironically was later assassinated by the Rajapakse regime. “

        The villaes you say were Tamil few decades ago were infact sinhala few hundred or thousand years ago. Pattipallai Aru was a name given to Gal Oya by Tamil administrators under British and other colonial rule.Before Katalai it was known as Gantalawa and before Amparai it was known as Digamadulla.
        Talking about Weli Oya, that was created by chasing the Estate Tamils who were illegally settled by the Gandhian movement. This was done as a strategic move to counter the above illegal settlement of the Gandhian movement as well as to weaken the North East Link.

        6)”One of these ethnically cleansed villages was renamed after the Sinhalese army general who was in charge of these ethnic cleaning activities Janaka Perera. The village was called Janakapura. When the LTTE became powerful all these new Sinhalese settlers from the south ran away and Sinhalese extremist are trying to distort history by stating ethnic cleansing of ancient Sinhalese villages.”

        Some of the people ran away. But there was a core group about 3500 people who never fled. I have personally visited Weli Oya and met these people. They are tough characters. Some of them infact personally got involved in countering LTTE attacks along with the military.

        ONCE AGIN TAKE IT UP AT INTERNATIONAL LEVEL AND SEE IF YOU CAN DISMANTLE THIS SINHALA SETTLEMENT.YOU KNOW WETHER YOU WILL SUCCEED OR NOT. ANY WAY GOOD LUCK.

        7)”The percentage of the Sinhalese in the east was around 4.5% at the time of independence, only living in a few border villages. Tamils 60% majority and a clear in the Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts. Tamil Muslims 35% a clear majority in what is now the Amparai district. Now the Tamils reduced to 40% in the east and only in a majority in the eastern heartland Batticaloa district 78% and along the strategic coastal belt of Trincomallee district. The Muslims around 39% and the Sinhalese 21%. How did a population that was only around 4.5% around 1950 miraculously increase to 21% within a few decades? Answer is state sponsored illegal colonisation on ethnically cleansed Tamil lands. Most of these Sinhalese only arrived on the late 1970s 80s and 90s. “

        READ THE FOLLOWING WHICH I HAVE WRITTEN MILLION TIMES.

        Whilst it is acknowledged that Jaffna was, for about 300-400 years out of our history of 2500 years, a seat of political power ,it nature and question such as whether it was a “kingdom” or not and the extent of its power is still disputed among historians. However even those historians who support the view that the seat of power was, both a kingdom and Tamil Kingdom are at once in agreeing that it was a kingdom of fluctuating fortunes, the territory of which was largely confined to the Jaffna Peninsula and never extended to the Eastern Province.
        As Professor K M De Silva said
        A Tamil kingdom did exist from the the 13th century to the early part of the 17th , but except during a brief heyday of its power it seldom controlled anything more than the Jaffna Peninsula., and some adjacent regions on the coast and some parts of the interior.
        Set against a history of 2500 yrs the independent existent of this kingdom covered a very brief period, and even during this period its status and influence varied dramatically; at times a very powerful kingdom; at others a satellite of expanding Dravidians States across the Palk straight, and at times subjugated by the Kotte Kingdom, and generally acknowledging its suzerainty.
        There is little or no evidence to support the claim made in the TULF Vaddukodai resolution that there was either an unbroken national consciousness or a continuing tradition of independent statehood.

        Professor CR De Silva said ;
        A separate kingdom in Jaffna existed in Sri Lanka from about the 13th century to 1619. During Certain periods the kingdom was so powerful that for a brief period it captured power in the western seaboard almost up to the environs of Colombo.
        But for most parts of of the 400 yrs it was a rather week kingdom confined to the environs of the Jaffna Peninsula. It never wielded power in the present day Eastern Province.
        Nor was it always independent, for it often acknowledged the sovereignty of the dominant power in south India and was once overwhelmed by a Sinhala army from the south.
        But most significantly the Tamil kings of North did not think of them as separate rulers of Tamil Kingdom. They like all the other Sinhala kings aimed ultimately at being the Monarc of all Sri Lanka.

        The first ground on which a secessionist claims the Northern and Eastern provinces as being the traditional homeland is demonstrably false.
        The second and the only other ground on which this claim is made is that there is in the Northern and Eastern Provinces, the boundaries of which were drawn by the British purely for their administrative purposes .
        There is clearly no justification for once racial group claiming proprietary , exclusive rights over the others within these two boundaries set artificially by the British merely because there are more members of that group over the others. If there is any validity in such contention it would follow with even greater force from the same principle, since there is and always has been within the natural borders of Sri Lanka, am overwhelming preponderance of Sinhalese, the entirety of Sri Lanka is the homeland of the Sinhalese.
        Whilst Tamils are an overwhelming majority in the North the same can not be said about the Eastern Province. Muslims and the Sinhalese together constitute about 64% of the eastern Province.
        Although the Sinhalese are about 25 % of Eastern Province, the Tamils and the Muslim settlements are largely confined to the coastal areas (Particulary in Ampara and Trincomalee) which are relatively thickly populated compared to the sparsely populated Sinhalese villages which are spread over a huge area.
        Thus of the 22 assistant government agents divisions in the Trinco and Ampara districts the Sinhalese constitute the overwhelming majority in in 10 namely, Padavi Siripura,Gomarankadawela,Kantalai, Moraweva and Seruvila in the Trincomalee district and wevgam pattu ,panama pattu and bintennepattu in Ampara district whilst the Tamils constitute majority only in Trincomalee town and Tirikkovil in Amara .
        Thus the Sinhalese constitute the overwhelming majority in about 60% of Trincomalee district and 78% of Ampara district.
        This spartial distribution of the population was not a recent phenomenon caused by so called colonisation but one existed long before any Sinhalese was settled in the North and the East with state assistance is borne out by the findings of Professor G H Peries professor of Geography at Peradeniya university in his paper entitled an appraisal of the concept of the traditional homeland in Sri Lanka.
        Following is part of what he had to say.
        “For the issues with which the present study is concerned, the feature of the crucial relevance borne out by our maps is that in the Eastern Province as a whole in 1921,all the Tamil settlements are confined to a coastal strip barely extending 10 miles from the coast o the interior. The Sinhala settlements on the other hand though comparatively few were scattered over extensive areas of the interior, covering the entirety of the admistrative divisions of Bintenna,Udapalatha,Yati palatha and meda plaltha of wewgam pattu and panama pattuin. In the northern part of the the batticalo and Trincomalee districs were mostly uninhabited /scattered Sinhala settlement.
        This must be taken in the context of the fact that the Sinhalese names of numerous abandoned village tanks marked in our source maps in the inhabited tracts bear testimony to earlier process of de population. Our maps show further that the only non Sinhalese population clusters that were located in 1921 even a few miles to the interior of the seaboard were those associated with the irrigation works restored in the preceding decades. We can also observe that the Tamil settlements nearest to the claimed southern boundary of Kumbukkan oya was a coastal town of mixed population about 35 miles north of that boundary”

        The pattern of settlement distribution assumes significance from several points of view. In the first place considered in the light of our earlier observations on the trends of demographic change in the Preceding centuries the pattern as it prevailed in 1921 represents what may be regarded as the culmination of a long drawn out historical process featured, on the one hand, by territorial advances of the Tamil population and on the other , retreat and recession of the Sinhalese population.
        This , in turn implies that the process of “Tamilization’ in the eastern lowlands of Sri lanka had not penetrated significantly into the interior even at its most extensive territorial spread.
        The second point of significance arise from the fact that, often the “Tamil Homeland” is being defined with reference to the modern administrative units. Given the spatial patterns of ethnicity borne out bu our maps the demand by one ethnic group for exclusive proprietary rights over Provinces and districts encompass extensive tracts of territory which it had never occupied (and much of it, in every sense is the homeland of the other ethnic groups) appears in its true light as one which lacks a rational basis.
        In a functional sense sparsely settled interior of the eastern lowlands of Sri lanka was not a hinterland of the settlement clusters of the littoral. Both the interior as well as the littoral were very largely rural.
        Hence, a core periphery concept is of no relevance to the issue. More specifically, there is no empirical basis for a theoretical assertion that because there was numerical preponderance of the Tamils in the coastal areas , hinterland, areas, regardless of the traditional rights of the other ethnic groups, should form a traditional hinterland of the Tamil areas.
        The fact that the eastern littoral itself is not ethnically homogeneous (Well known but purposely over looked) is also illustrated by our maps with a fair degree of superiority.
        The littoral is as much the traditional homeland of the Muslims as it is of the Tamils. And in many areas , the Muslims constitute the majority which has no common cause with the Tamils and in fact is bitterly opposed to the EAST being MERGED with the NORTH
        Unfortunately for the Tamil secessionists there is not only a Total absence of any shred of evidence any part of the East having being governed by a Tamil King, but does not even have a numerical preponderance which could provide them with the remotest justification that East is part of the Traditional Tamil Homeland.
        There is nothing these secessionist could do about the absence of a claim founded on history but to continue to LIE about it, there was nothing they could do about the absence of a numerical preponderance of Tamils in the east except to UNILATERLY DENY THE SEPERATE ETHNIC IDENTITY OF THE TAMIL SPEAKING MUSLIMS and equally UNILATERLAY ACQUIRE THEM AS PART OF THE FICTITIOUS TRADITIONAL TAMIL HOMELAND, just to give them the NUMERICAL SUPERIORITY; while at the same time alleging falsely that they had been made a minority in their homeland by the COLONISATION of the East with the Sinhalese state assistance

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          Ravi Perera must be descended from one of these low caste Indian Tamil slave/indentured labour imports from Kerala and Tamil Nadu by the Portuguese and Dutch colonials now assimilated into the Sinhalese identity. Many of whom have turned out to be ardent Sinhalese Buddhist nationalists and racists( sic) just go the Sinhalese extremist site Lankaweb. It is full of them, beating the anti Tamil drum and baying for Tamil blood, conveniently forgetting their own very recent imported largely low caste Indian Tamil origin.

          The east has been Tamil no amount of distorting of history by state and non state sponsored Sinhalese extremists is going to hide this fact.

          There is enough archaeological evidence to prove that the Tamils have also lived outside the North & East (even in down South) but there is no evidence what so ever to prove that the Sinhalese lived in the North & East. The census of Ceylon conducted in 1881 also indicates that the two Tamil provinces were inhabited almost exclusively by Tamils in the late nineteenth century (Census of Ceylon, 1881). The Sinhalese population constituted only 1.8% of the total population of the two Tamil provinces in 1881 and 1948 Sinhalese accounted for only 0.51% of the total population of the Northern Province, and 4.2% of the Eastern Province.
          In the recorded history of Sri Lanka and the epigraphic evidence found till today, nowhere it mentioned that there was a mass influx/settlement of Tamils from South India to the North & East of Sri Lanka or there was a mass exodus of Sinhalese from the North and East to the South. In other words, that all the Sinhalese living in the North & East simply pack their bags and went to the South leaving all their lands to the newly arrived Tamils without any protest?
          Most of the Sinhalese have their ancestral native place name also as a part of their name, known as Vasagama. Is there any Sinhalese person from any part of Sri Lanka who can come out and say that his Vasagama is a name from any part of North or East? Even those Sinhalese who are living in the North and East today were colonized after 1948 by DS Senanayake. The vast majority arrived from the late 1970s onwards. The so called Sinhala history scholars will never fail to say that the East was under the Kandyan Kingdom, however they forget to mention that most of the current Trincomalee district in the east was part of the Jaffna Kingdom.

          It is true that some parts of the Eastern province came under the Kandyan Kingdom from time to time but it makes no difference to the Tamil position in regard to the inhabitancy of the Eastern province. The Tamils would have had and yet have no objection what so ever to the benevolent and accommodating rule of the Kandyan kings whether they were Kalinga or Nayakkar,as these kings were from India and spoke Tamil and dealt in Tamil with their Tamil subjects and patronised Hinduism as well as Buddhism. The Naickers were native Tamil speakers of Telugu origin.

          You also conveniently forget to mention that the official
          languages of the Kandyan kingdom and was Tamil as well as Sinhalese and the court language was Tamil, as the mother tongue of the Kandyan king and most of the so called Kandyan aristocracy and courtiers was not Sinhalese but Tamil. also many Tamils were part of the Kandyan kingdom. Not just in parts of the east that came from time to time under the loose protection of the Kandyan kings. Have you ever heard of the area called Demala Hatpattuwa in the Kandyan region, meaning the areas occupied by Tamils.

          As per all this most people will assume the Kandyan Kingdom was Tamil and not Sinhalese, as the king and most of the aristocracy were Tamils. This is why more than half of the so called Sinhalese aristocrats signed the Kandyan convention in Tamil when the kingdom was handed to them British in 1815. You and the rest of the Sinhalese hardliners are very quiet about these facts or conveniently forget to mention these truths.

          I see no inconsistency in the Tamil claim to the Eastern province even under the Kandyan rule. On the other hand, I have never come across a Sinhala person or family that claimed an Eastern province habitant or origin.

          If you speak to the Sinhalese living in the Eastern province, each one of them will say that their grandfather or great grandfather is from the South where as there are any number of Tamils who hail from the East and proudly proclaim their habitant.

          As per your argument since parts of the eastern province, came from time to time under the loose rule of the Tamil speaking Naicker and Kalinga kings of the so called Sinhalese kingdom of Kandy. the east is not Tamil but Sinhalese. The as per your stupid argument the island was ruled for over 500 years by various colonial powers the Portuguese the Dutch and then the British, then the island does not belong to the Sinhalese or Tamils as the Europeans were ruling the island for the past 500 years. This means as per yours and the rest of the brainless Sinhalese extremist argument the land only belongs to the Europeans.

          When the British demarcated the northern and eastern provinces, they were very generous towards any land or claim by the Sinhalese. Any claim made by the Sinhalese to lands in the north and east, however farfetched and remote were deal favourably by the British. This why historic and ancient Tamil areas like Pathavi Kulam now called Padaviya was removed from the north and made part of north central province. Thamban Kadavai was removed from the east and given to the North central province and is now called Tamankaduwa.
          What was then demarcated as the present Tamil northern and Eastern provinces, were the parts/areas of the ancient Tamil Jaffna kingdom and the eastern Tamil Vannimannai cheifdoms, where the Sinhalese had no claim on these lands, whatsoever from ancient times. These areas ancient historical lands of the indigenous Eelam Tamils where they had continuously lived and ruled themselves and the Sinhalese or no other people had any claim on these lands. Just look at the map of the Tamil Northern and Eastern provinces in 1948 or earlier. Every place river mountain town village is named in Tamil.
          Now after independence Sinhalese extremists like you led by the government are making all sorts of fake bogus historical claims and large chunks of the Tamil North and East, to steal and grab lands from the Tamils and make them a minority in their own land. They have already succeeded in the east and now turning their attention to the north. Now these Indian origin Dravdidian Tamil Muslim immigrants who came to the east as refugees around 300-500 years ago have also conveniently joined in this land grab, as they feel the indigenous Tamil are now weak powerless with no protection local or international, so can do anything to them and get away.

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            [Edited out]

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              ravi perera, the Sinhala speaking Demela

              ” [Edited out]”

              Thanks for keeping it brief.

              Could you keep it briefer.

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      Dr RN

      When can we get over this headache of ‘power sharing based on ethnicity and religion’ even inside a small province or do you really assume that it is an incurable cancer which we have to live with and plan everything accordingly.

      “They should view themselves as easterners and improve their province”
      Wingeswaran and Sumathitharan are not suitable to represent them?

      How is that Tamil political strategists are totally unconscious of this simple demographic fact and ‘There is no alternative’?

      Soma

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        Soma,

        It is not a cancer, but a severe deformity in a our political psyche, we have to recognize and live with.

        Unfortunate, but true.

        Dr.RN

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        Soma,
        One Nation, One Language, One Race, One Relegion. Srilanka is only for Buddhist Sinhala. Sinhalese have completed their programme of wiping out Tamil speaking people from North East. Within next few decades they will complete the mission. The programme of wiping out Muslims in the South already started and extended to North east very soon.

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      /The north-east merger is neither a practical nor realistic option./

      Because, the Sinhalese and Muslims fear that the majority Tamil people would do to them in the merged province what the majority Sinhalese people did to Tamil speaking people in Sri Lanka?

      Also, why merger is NOT practical? I can see why it is not realistic, but what ‘practical challenges’ there?

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    AND land is the issue for us Sinhalese as well!
    To help themselves to all the forests and sparsely populated
    Lands in the northern and eastern provinces while trying
    To confine the Sinhalese to the lower two thirds
    Of the country will not wash either. There has to be
    Fair and equitable distribution of land. And that means
    A proportionate sharing between the communities based
    On a historical census rather than a recent one to compensate
    For emigration and not penalise some communities
    For keeping their numbers in check through good family planning.

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      These forests and sparsely populated lands belongs to them and not to the Sinhalese. The Sinhalese never had these forests and sparsely populated lands for the past thousand years or more and have their own forests and lands. Moreover the Sinhalese live in the fertile 2/3 part of the land. They can use that for them and not try to steal what rightfully belongs to the Tamils.
      The government never settles any Tamil in the Sinhalese south. All lands owned by Tamils down south are purchased legally with their own hard earned money whilst thousands of Sinhalese are settled on stolen Tamil land.
      The 1.5 million strong Indian origin Tamils have been living in the central highlands for more than 150 years. However not a single acres of land or home has been built or allocated for them in the Kandyan areas so far. They all remain landless and homeless. First allocate lands and homes for them in the Kandyan areas, You will never but jump up and down stating these are historic Sinhalese areas and Tamils have no right to these areas but want to use all sorts of excuses about sparsely populated lands and forests to steal land from the Tamils. Lots of sparsely populated lands in the Sinhalese areas too and very fertile. Give it that to the landless Sinhalese
      Just because the British gave the entire island including the Tamil lands that the Sinhalese had no legal eight to, on a platter to the racist Sinhalese majority does not give the Sinhalese the right to steal these lands from the Tamils by talking about population percentages, especially after making more than a million Indian origin Tamils who lived in the island more than 200 years stateless and then killing around 300000 indigenous Tamils and chasing another million of them from the island.
      This sort of lame excuses are only used by racist Sinhalese in Sri Lanka to justify stealing Tamil lands that they never had and to deny Tamils their rights.
      If the British had not amalgamated the Tamil north and east with the Sinhalese south and treated it as a separate colony like the Dutch and Portuguese did these Sinhalese and these trouble creating southern Tamil Muslims like Amir Ali would have had to be contended with the southern 2/3 of the island and the Tamils and the Tamil Muslims in the north and east would have lived very peacefully and amicably with each other as they had done in the past few centuries. No Sinhalese or opportunist fake Arab Southern Tamil Muslims like Amir Ali now living in Australia or Izeth Hussain and their ilk to agitate them.
      Around 72% of the island’s Muslims live in the Sinhalese south, so why don’t these southern Muslims agitate for self rule in the Muslim majority towns and cities down south and check the percentage of land owned by the Muslims in these areas. They will not, as they want to live in amity with the Sinhalese majority and are also fearful of Sinhalese reprisals. They will only agitate for these in the Tamil areas, as they can as they are fully aware that the Tamils are powerless and also this pleases the Sinhalese. This results in more ministerial and other perks for them at the expense of the Tamils and in the meanwhile the Tamil Muslims in the north and east will be still fighting with their fellow Tamils whilst they enjoy.

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        R S S S

        You are only talking about the 300,000 Tamils by the Sinhalese but tactfully avoid mentioning the 79,000 Muslims and 130,000 Sinhala peasents killed in the bordering villages by the Tamils in the last 6 months of the war alone

        Soma

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          Stop lying. The LTTE chased out around 75000 northern Muslims, as many were caught spying for the Sinhalese armed forces and storing arms but never killed them. As for 130000 Sinhalese killed , where did you get this figure from your a-s- Somass. Sinhalese were not even 15 in the north and as for the east they were busy joining forces with armed forces and Muslim home guards and were busy killing and ethnically cleansing thousands of eastern Tamils. A very large proportion of the 100000 Tamil refugees languishing in refugee camps in India are from the east, Largely from the Trincomalee district.
          We all know who was behind the massacre of Sinhalese at Kebitigollawa it was the STF. They deliberately and cold heartedly massacred these Sinhalese and then blamed it on the LTTE. Sinha

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            RSSS

            I got my figures from the same reference you got yours. You are not lying, I am not lying. Blame the reference.

            Soma

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              odasity of a saint without sin’s – pol buruva go back on 4’s you would feel comfortable.

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            Real Siva Sankaran Sarma

            “as many were caught spying for the Sinhalese armed forces and storing arms but never killed them.”

            Neither the LTTE nor VP gave reasons for their act of Ethnic Cleansing of Muslims from their Natural Habitat in Northern province. Where did you find these spurious claims of Muslims storing arms and spying for Sri Lankan armed forces.

            If your stupid claims were true,

            Were all 75,000 of them spying and storing arms?

            Tamils too spied and stored arms, why didn’t the LTTE cleanse Jaffna of the entire Tamil population?

            Why did LTTE confiscate all their valuables including gold and cash worth billions of rupees?

            Once the Muslims were out of North how did the Sri Lankan army gather intelligence and eventually destroy LTTE?

            What is stopping you from using your brain assuming that you have one?

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              With pearl harbour the yankees jailed all japanese and italians because they had the space for it – 35 persons per sq km , lanka 330 p/sqkm.
              one rotten egg in a basket is enough.
              at war right and wrong are relative. you win by killing the opposition not by dying with suicide bombs. Japan would never apologize the west does not either.

              “Once the Muslims were out of North how did the Sri Lankan army gather intelligence and eventually destroy LTTE?”

              even late dimblebee had a radio chip embedded in his arm during WW2.

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          Stop lying you are Sinhalese extremist with an agenda. Trying to pretend concern for the Tamils and the Tamil Muslims but in fact pushing an extremist Sinhalese Buddhist only agenda. Most people here have seen through you.
          79000 Muslims and 130000 Sinhalese! where did you get these figures from? Your extremist a-se Somass or from the Lankaweb?
          The LTTE were no saints and were very cruel at times but there were only responsible for around 5% of the violence the most. 95% of the violence was perpetrated by the Sri Lankan government the armed forces , Sinhalese hooligans and Muslim home guards in the east and 99% of the victims of their violence were innocent Tamil civilians, deliberately targeted and killed under the pretext of fighting the LTTE. This is why the UN wants to investigate.
          The LTTE chased out around 75000 Muslims from the north as they were caught spying for the Sinhalese armed forces and storing arms supplied by them in their mosques they chased them away but never killed them. The few thousand killing of Muslims in the east was done by Karuna now the darling of the Sinhalese and Muslims. He had his agenda.
          As for the Sinhalese 130000! where did that figure come from? It leapt out of your brain. Sinhalese were not even 15 of the population in the north and would not have even amounted to 10000 and 90% of them just left, as they had no business to be there in the first place. In the east they were busy joining the Sinhalese armed forces the Muslim home guards and were busy killing and ethnically cleansing Tamils, especially in the Trincomallee and Amparai districts. Not the other way around. Most the 100000 Tamil refugees languishing in the refugee camps in Tamil Nadu are from the east and largely from the Trincomallee district. If these people are returned to the east the referendum will go the Tamil way.
          Whom are you trying to fool with your lies and extremist Sinhalese agenda. 130000 Sinhalese killed ,if they were where is the evidence of so much of killing. We all know who was behind the massacre of Sinhalese at Kebitgollawa. It was the STF/ They deliberately and cold bloodedly killed their own fellow Sinhalese peasants in order to show the world how cruel the LYTTE were but were caught. If so many Sinhalese were killed and affected how come there are no Sinhalese refugee camps. Only Tamil and Tamil Muslim. The Sinhalese were hardly affected by the conflict but were the perpetrators of this violence now trying to play the victim to fool the world.
          They are still killing raping and ethnically cleansing Tamils on a large scale, as thanks to India China Pakistan Russia and many western countries, the Tamils have no one to protect them and this Sinhalese extremist woman is trying to play victim

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      Dingiri

      “There has to be Fair and equitable distribution of land. And that means A proportionate sharing between the communities based On a historical census rather than a recent one to compensate For emigration and not penalise some communities”

      I think you have not travelled in the South as I have done many times over. There is ample uncultivated fertile land with irrigation facilities in the South. Have you ever thought or suggested the rulers, bureaucrats and the politicians first to distribute these lands to landless peasants who really deserve a piece in and around where their natural habitat is?

      Do you also think small plots of land could sustain their livelihood?

  • 3
    4

    A merger is desirable from many points of view– but not until anxieties of the Muslims ans Sinhalese are addressed.
    The Tamil leaders should firstly convince the Muslim population that there will be fair treatment and mutual respect.
    The Sinhalese should be assured that their rights will be secure.
    Otherwise a merger under any pressure will lead to further misery.

    Should we not start from autonomy and devolution of power at the lowest identity level.

    • 2
      0

      “”The Tamil leaders should firstly convince the Muslim population that there will be fair treatment and mutual respect.””

      the ltte drove them away from mainly rented property. pearl harbour bombing the americans jailed all italians, japanese- both released after war.

      Gotabaya backed by muslims killed all and sundry and you are assisting denial of service to live peacefully?.

      don’t you think you are forcing victims to be your permanent slave to achieve your animal farm.

  • 8
    6

    The writer does not seem to konw what is going on between Tamils and Muslims in the North and East (N&E). There is mostly agreement for merger than tension.

    The writer fails to understand the following facts;

    1. Federalism, as practiced in many countries, is the only pragmatic solution for the N&E. “Federalism is separation” is misinformation by Sinhala racists, and illusion by those who do not know political science.

    2. For the past 67 years Muslims of SL, though not an ethnic but a religious group, pushed their way into all the governments of SL, enjoying cabinet ministerial posts, yet the writer claims that Muslims in the East lost their lands. were the Muslim ploitical leaders “snoring”?

    3. The Muslims in the N&E are Tamils who were converted to Islam. Their home language is still Tamil and ethnically they are Tamils who asked for federalism with Tamils from 1950s.

    The Muslims of N&E know these facts and they realise their mistakes and their is amity now, not enmity and Tension as the writer tries to portray.

    • 1
      5

      “Federalism, as practiced in many countries, is the only pragmatic solution for the N&E. “Federalism is separation” is misinformation by Sinhala racists, and illusion by those who do not know political science.”

      Justin,

      True, Federalism is not separation at the beginning. But you and i both know that Federalism is the beginning of separation. In a recent interview, CM Wigneshwaren identified Quebec(Canada) and Scotland(UK) being 2 examples of Federalism where there was no separation. The only factor keeping Quebec with Canada is that the people of Quebec identify themselves to be Canadian first. The Scottish consider themselves part of UK first, then Scotland. Quebec had a referendum a few years ago and and favored to stay with Canada. We all know that these Federal states can have a referendum every 5 years and sooner or later will separate out.

      As for Tamils, lets be honest, they have never identified themselves with Sri Lanka. Never. They have always identified with India and Tamil Nadu(not sure why they still remain in Sri Lanka) With International rules, they will be eligible to have a referendum in 5 years of becoming a Federation. the North will vote 99% to become a separate country if a referendum is held. So, please do not try to fool the people into thinking that Federalism is not separation. It will only be a matter of time.

      As for culture and ethnic identity that CM Wigneshwaren talks about, both his daughters are married to Sinhalese. He has lived the majority of his life in Colombo 7. He seemingly had no issues with the Sinhalese until he became CM. Now, his heart is bleeding for the Ealam Tamils. Give these people(of all ethnicities) an opportunity to go to the white West, culture/identity and all other bogus claims will go out the window and they will hop on the first plane out

      • 0
        0

        “”True, Federalism is not separation at the beginning. But you and i both know that Federalism is the beginning of separation. “”

        You are fanatical and jumping the gun. You have not lived in neighbour India or USA to know that is never the case and the proof is it still exist. Punjab was the case of all their hard earned money going to UP& Bihar the idle states for indira to stay in power permanently (if anyone captures UP & Bihar only they become PM) Kashmiri Gandhi contested both UP and kashmir and resigned from kashmir. Now you see the Sinhala Buddhist Baka Boku.

        “The only factor keeping Quebec with Canada is that the people of Quebec identify themselves to be Canadian first. The Scottish consider themselves part of UK first, then Scotland. “”

        that is waffle from settler who is a fascist. Scots French, English are nomads and belong to one race- europeans. While the subcontinent is the race that all Lankas belong to Sinhalay demala muslim.
        Yours is poking a square stick in a round hole to kill any form of existence to have your putin’s Animal farm and that comes from your foundation is faulty towers-sinhala buddist faulty towers of the ¬old rouge buddha(refer the chinese philosophy for old rouge)

        “As for Tamils, lets be honest, they have never identified themselves with Sri Lanka.”

        You are totally wrong because you come from the life of a chameleon in the ghetto of village.

        The rest of your argument comes from you being still the beast not the person of human dignity- go back to 4 legs and you feel comfortable because i am from colombo 7 too neither tamil,

        Harry Truman should have put you souther villagers in a zoo (your southern monkey is special in the world- bigamist courtesy- david attenborough. Beware Trump would do you unlike liberals.

        now go up the tree sloth and feel happy that is your place in the world.

  • 5
    2

    the writer has not come out with all his otherwise rational ideas pertaining to sl ethnic issue. may be due to the fact that he is present in SL at the time of writing. sinhalese are not fools to think that federalism will cause separation. they oppose federalism not because it is a stepping stone for separation etc. it is solely because the sinhalese and their political teachers strongly feel that they have to share their power with others which they totally dislike.federalism means they have to give up some of their powers to the minorities.so they come out with these irrelevant arguments.if muslims are give a province on the basis of federalism they will be happy to have it because already the idea of a muslim unit/province has been strongly put foreword with some strong justification.
    -dayal

  • 1
    5

    The concept of merger should be put into practice in an advantageous way to the country and people.

    It should not happen on racial or religious basis.

    Why should we merger North and east; We can merger North and North central.

    Eastern province can merger with Central or Uva or with both.

    Western province can merger with North Western and finally Sabaragamuwa with Southern.

    If required, provincial limits can be re-demarcated, on geographic basis.

    We can reduce 9 provincial councils to 4.

    Think about the money we can save and put into development and number of useless politicians we can send home.

    • 2
      0

      sr

      “The concept of merger should be put into practice in an advantageous way to the country and people.”

      I hate to agree with you.

      “It should not happen on racial or religious basis.”

      I hate to agree with you.

      “Why should we merger North and east; We can merger North and North central. Eastern province can merger with Central or Uva or with both. Western province can merger with North Western and finally Sabaragamuwa with Southern.”

      I hate to agree with you.

      “Think about the money we can save and put into development and number of useless politicians we can send home.”

      On the basis of your above comments don’t you think it would be prudent for this island to merge with India given that the Hindians consider this island as the Sinhala state of Hindia?

      Think about the benefits accruing to the people from such a merger.

      • 0
        0

        Native

        You’ve just mentioned “I hate to agree with you” without reasoning.

        Finally about merging with India; there’re advantages and disadvantages.

        However it’s a good point, I love it.

        We have to make a thorough study and adopt well planned and step by step program for it.

        I would like to mention that I hate identifying a part ( province/ district, etc) of a country on ethnic or religious basis though the people are entitled to use their native language.

        Any society evolves, mixes up and changes. Sinhala also mixes up with Tamil and vice versa, you can’t help but it reflects peaceful coexistence of people.

        Let any language, any culture and if possible even a religion change and accept it as development.

        I hate seeing Tamil people in Sri Lanka strengthening their self imposed isolation,

        • 1
          0

          sr,

          You say: ” Finally about merging with India; there’re advantages and disadvantages.”
          I would say that’s the only merger worth doing. The advantages outweigh the disadvantages. We should talk about it at least.

          • 1
            0

            “I hate seeing Tamil people in Sri Lanka strengthening their self imposed isolation, “

            tamils in conflict are worse than sinhalese- so who is the real buruva in practice.

            Fatso VP before his death said once I am gone the tamils are gone- he sealed the coffin The coffin was created with the citizenship act – both joint operations of sinhala tamil.

            on the other hand how many Nadu tamils fishermen are captured by SL?? does india care for tamils no.

            The shooting of one poor kerala fisherman by Italy during Sonia time and continued by Modi.

            May 31 2016- the hindu-India’s decision to ban Finmeccanica is likely to affect all its subsidiary companies like Alenia Aeromacchi.

            India’s decision to ban Italian defence conglomerate Finmeccanica and its subsidiaries from bidding for defence contracts is an internal matter of India but UK believes that some of the firms within the Finmeccanica group make “good” products, said the key interlocutor of the UK on India.The Decision to ban Finmeccanica is likely to affect all its subsidiary companies like Alenia Aeromacchi, the aerospace arm of the Italian conglomerate and military communications major Selex Electronics and armaments producer Oto Melara.

        • 1
          0

          sr

          “I hate seeing Tamil people in Sri Lanka strengthening their self imposed isolation,”

          Can you elaborate, given that history of Sinhala/Buddhist atrocities against the minorities are still fresh in their mind and compare that to Sinhala/Buddhists paranoia for the past 2500 so years(?), which continues to prevent progress, development, equality, crime, corruption, nepotism, power sharing, assurance for people’s life and habitat, ……………… (Remember the atrocities began in 1915 and blatant discrimination started with Pancha Maha Balavegya well before VP was born.

      • 0
        0

        Native Vedda ,

        “Sinhala state of Hindia?”

        ¬State¬ That is overdoing and India would lose control.

        Union yes because it’s win win.

        • 2
          0

          DeepCut

          “Union yes because it’s win win.”

          It won’t be a win win situation when you have Hindians in control of New Delhi, an unsophisticated lot who believe they do no wrong and never learnt to accept and apologize for their past foreign policy adventures in this island or elsewhere.

          As a liberal who believe in democracy I want to see a border-less world. I may not see that in my life time however that is what I believe in, will do so until I kick the bucket.

          I also believe a border-less world would improve the genetic makeup of all people.

          Can you live only with morons, there are too many noisy ones in this island.

          • 0
            0

            “It won’t be a win win situation when you have Hindians in control of New Delhi, “

            It is not so. you find sound of silence cross legged tamil brahmins with the vaishnavite on forehead as top administrators vaishnavites. They don’t get involved in fighting issues but do the adm and live simple life no riches. They speak fluent hindi and punjabi which is common language of new delhi too.

            You form an opinion of hindian like sinha le because you have not tried to learn hindi. you are so smart but stick too that idiocracy. My best friend at campus (room mate Surd like ManMohan) both father and son gold medalist of india -products of jesuit schooling.It all depends on family and how it has grown through generations.
            I travelled the world with the borders with a passport . The first persons to invade as you can see are the muslims with their baggage of islam screaming infidel eating all resources enjoying 8 women do not respect that services are limited produce children etc. so I am for border..because I believe in quality of life neither rich nor gaudy or I run to the jungle /mountain for peaceful unpolluted air.
            Liberal Democrat Harry Truman the father of sub continental death – the golden handshake for giving 1 million lives in the european war. Liberal Democrat Roosevelt from a decent family the man in the wheel chair trusted Stalin and Mao too much or We would be all blue eyes and blond hair.(I cut short history because you know it)
            Lib Dem obama con man grew up in Indonesia most of his life like his half brother presently at China.He has brought more deaths to americans and the world than waffle Bush.Breed counts not ideas. breed education of senses and emotions- then rich or poor does not matter because its possible for all to grow in harmony- so we chose freedom liberty.

            “I also believe a border-less world would improve the genetic makeup of all people.”
            that should be left in the laboratory- genetic culture because eg crones is predominant with jewish. how do we solve this when terror is unleashed- keep the border then experiment.
            Would you keep your front door open go on holiday and be back after a month (australia) It was possible before in the 70’s but after refugee its not possible. city life- The safest way in europe is never tell even your friendly neighbour to water your plants while you are away- no one knows when you leave or come and it is safe.
            It depends how you locate yourself even in high density Hong kong or mainland china.I have pin drop silence except for seagulls (protected) butterfly bees etc.
            JVP started the noise and I was a kid. The noise congestion pollution because amma nathan tatha both creating dynasty and want to be like Her Majesty. the voter is at fault can we disenfranchise them till they understand that they don’t vote for party but the person who can deliver? Machivillian! cheers.
            Puducherry right now is having the highest growth rate at 20% – (check it out `economies of indian states`.

          • 0
            0

            “It won’t be a win win situation when you have Hindians in control of New Delhi, an unsophisticated lot who believe they do no wrong and never learnt to accept and apologize for their past foreign policy adventures in this island or elsewhere.”

            What you are not feeling is the tea with pepper and froth took ownership of lanka because of sinhala settler seduction and tamil arrogance. Punjab Jat loud voice of village farmer with the mughal mix took you on while the sweet and soft but the warrior of india did not Maratha- they are super intelligent too they set up modi the bachelor.Last battle 1818 with marath the whole of sub continent was lost including- Welsh Clive took the maratha generals into a harem and let them enjoy so instructions were distorted.
            Native Vedda ,
            If ever you visit New Delhi south block don’t behave like DJ angreji ka puthra (I know only english-) the delhiites are aware that both nations are former colonies and there are many similarities. So let’s say you meet a tamil brahmin administrator don’t ever ever speak to him in tamil but salute him in the official language, then speak a few nicities in the official language then infrom him that you are not fluent and he invites you to converse with him in english. That makes him comfortable because he works in a majority punjabi speaking environment (only farmer Punjabis speak loud like our buruvs).Once you click then behind closed doors he speaks Tamil as he does at home- Dr Raghu is not the only one but all those brilliant men and women behave like that and survive in the harshest of environments. Dr Swamy is greedy surveyor general’s son school teacher. Dr R.R gave the perfect answer- my mother in law would ask me to do kundalini yoga if there is an issue. So he drew Modi respect, Then Modi (chai walla) came to see him and received another charming shock when he greeted modi namaskhar by clasping his hands at chest level than the praying posture of modi- both grinned. Treat politicians like what they are worth.

          • 1
            0

            Native Veddha,

            “It won’t be a win win situation when you have Hindians in control of New Delhi, an unsophisticated lot who believe they do no wrong and never learnt to accept and apologize for their past foreign policy adventures in this island or elsewhere.”

            emil soundranayagam one of the first 10 greatest con men of the world- reader’s digest special vol/edition.

            Is this how the lankan tamil confidence tricksters are getting back at Hindi speakers.

            Raj Rajaratnam married punjabi woman and used her to speak to her punjabi friend for insider trading. finally she was set up by FBi. read the case because this woman is out having completed her sentence and is to publish a book on insider trading.

            “Witness too the recent insider-trading trials involving the Galleon Group hedge fund – in which the key defendants, witnesses and prosecutors traced their roots to India – highlighted the rise of Indian-Americans on Wall Street. “

            You can never defeat India but work with them.
            According to a new Pew Research Center report, 77 percent of Indian immigrants to the United States have at least a college degree, compared to the national average of 27 percent. AnotherPew study finds that Indian Americans lead all other Asian sub-groups in income and education levels. And a 2010 RAND Corporation study reports that Indian-American entrepreneurs have business income that is substantially higher than the national average and higher than any other immigrant group.
            Indian foreign secretary S. Jaishankar remarked last yearwhen he was serving as Delhi’s ambassador in Washington: “[The] India-U.S. relationship has changed dramatically. When one thinks about the transformation of our ties, it is natural to attribute it to some good diplomacy on both sides…but to me, the basis for transformation of this relationship is the Indian-American community.”

  • 2
    1

    The people of the East have to decide whether they want to unite with the North. Of course the Tamils were in the majority in the East once, and now all three races are more or less equally settled there. It is going to happen in the North as well. The majority of the Tamils in the North will also be reduced in time to come. The process is already started with the consent of Mr. Sambanthan trio.

    • 5
      1

      Dear Sellam,
      I agree with you that people in the east must decide whether to merge with north or not. This was provided in the Indo-Lanka accord of 1987. Initially both were to be merged and after settling of Tamil refugees in their original places, to hold the referrandum. But this did not take place. North and east were demerged by courts preventing Tamils a chance to make representations for the cause of a merger.

      However the situation of Tamil perception has changed after the recent treachery by Muslim congress. In democracy it is majority rule and Tamils in east learnt it in a hard way, that unless they are in the majority they will face discrimination. You will be surprised that if a referrandum is held for a north-east merger in the east, it may go through with the support of Tamils and fair minded Muslims.

      • 0
        0

        Dr.Sangaralingam

        In the 1930s and 1950s the Eastern province consisted of majority Tamils . Now it is not so. Periodically the government has colonised those areas like Trincomalee, Amaprai and even Baticaloa and many villages in the East with Sinhala people. Now the Tamils are in the minority. Hence the people of the East will not accept a merger for one thing. The same pattern is happening in the North. In another 10 years time the Tamils will not be in the Majority in the North. I am positive of it and let it go on record. That is the government’s plan after the war. The Government is using the armed forces to succeed in their objectives. The Tamils are helpless and defenceless at the moment without any power. Some of the Tamil leaders are supportive of the government for their own self interests and there are no proper Tamil leaders to lead the Tamils and there won’t be any in the future. The Tamils would always be subjugated by the majority Sinhalese and treated as second class citizens.

        • 2
          0

          Dear Sellam,
          You are saying Tamils are helpless and defenceless at the moment without any power. Have you heard the Tamil saying “Thicku attavarku theivame thunai”. In the past sycophantic Tamils went round saying they were powerful with army, navy and airforce. Those people never got divine help. Now the Tamils may not be physically powerful, but they are morally on a high ground. After all the most powerful weapon in the world is justice. Sinhala atrocity on Tamils cannot go long, and very soon justice will take over. Tamils must remain patient and articulate the demands fearlessly, loudly and clearly, which I feel northen provincial council is doing with leadership of Mr. Wigneswaran. Government and Sinhalese are faltering in fulfilling the promises given to international community. Earlier there was a concerted campaign by Sinhalese that they cannot reach a solution to Tamil problem because LTTE is intransigent. That is why internatinal community helped Sinhalese to defeat LTTE. Now LTTE is gone and it is being increasingly proved that Sinhalese are dishonest and are the real intransigent factor in reconciliation. They are waiting for an escape route to place the blame on Tamils. Government is trying their utmost best to sidestep the most important matters of political solution and accountability. Mahinda come back and army take over bogeys cannot be sold for vey long to evade them.

    • 1
      2

      Sellam,

      Don’t be racial man, majority or minority live as human beings; anybody violates that should be punished,

      It’s a must; to investigate black July 83 and catch the culprits and punish them irrespective of their social stand.

      It should not be an excuse for Tamil people to seek separation.

      • 1
        0

        sr
        Do you dispute that there are three races in Sri lanka with different distinctions?

        • 0
          1

          Sellam

          No, there are only two distinct groups – Sinhala speaking people and Tamil speaking people. We are not concerned with caste, religious and date-of-arrival differences among the Tamils. Hindu Tamil, Christian Tamil, Islamic Tamil and Tamils arrived during the British are all one ‘Tamil speaking people’. Your political leaders have been telling us for decades that they are representing all ‘Tamil speaking people’ or the ‘Tamil Nation’ which to us implied the same thing. Up to you to sort these differences among yourselves. We can’t find political solutions to each group separately. Form a common front and propose a devolution model which can satisfy at least 95% of Tamil speaking people. I am one Sinhalese who agree for a separate country for all Tamil speaking people.(I am also concerned with the difficulties of Tamil speaking people when they have to interact with the state machinery) Please don’t try to fool us with this “North AND East for us and the rest for all of us” nonsense. That is utter hypocrisy as well as naked aggression. In short you can’t have a Ealam in the north elusively for Hindu and Christian Tamils while majority of Tamil speaking people or Tamil Nation occupy South – simple as that.

          Thanks

          Soma

          • 3
            0

            Soma pol geddi,
            you have run away because you are frightened of using search engine. Lester, Sekar are the other frightened elk I have encountered recently. exception is Native Veddha and his elders because they feel more than think.. Panditaya, a child without thinking gets an answer first time because it feels- that is how you search using Tamilnadu search engine Google and the answer is first time 100% true. The reason you can’t feel is you are a patriot/ last refuge of scoundrel. Studies and surveys have consistently indicated that approximately 90% of persons in any given country have strong patriotic sentiments.

            Next year all lankans will be in chicken pen singing cock a doodle do.
            Trump/Modi Republican Hindu congress.

        • 0
          0

          Sellam

          Why should I dispute when I love it.

          As a matter of fact I love it and If possible I want some more.

          And I would like to see these 3 distinctive races living together intermingling with each other, rather than looking for different apartments to make life’s journey.

  • 3
    1

    As the majority of the population in Colombo District are Tamil and Muslims, Tamil Politicians should ask for a separate Council for Colombo in addition to one for Nuwara Eliya and Badulla District as well.

    Ordinary Tamil and Muslim people do not ask any of these. What they need is rule of law and good governance. In July 1983 Tamil politicians who advocate separate enclaves could not save ordinary Tamils who suffered in the hands of goons.The then Government failed to uphold rule of law save innocent Tamils. They also failed to punish the culprits to date. Similary in 2013 Muslims in Aluthgama and Dharga Town suffered due to similar circumstances. These two incidents very well demonstrate that the majority of Tamils and Muslims living outside North and East will not have peace of mind even if North and East is merged. Lives of Tamils and Muslims their properties and way of live can be safe guarded only by establishing Rule Of Law and Good Governance similar to countries such as Australia, Canada, UK. Nimalasiri

  • 2
    0

    nimalasiri,
    pl. check your statistics before you write without misleading the readers.
    tamils are a minority in the col. district. they are substantial only in the municipal area. this applies to muslims as well. sinhalese constitute the majority in the col. district. i am not giving the figures because it is obvious for everyone except you.
    -dayal

  • 5
    2

    “In the Eastern Province and particularly in the Batticaloa district the Muslims form roughly thirty per cent of the population; but they have only three per cent of the land.”

    Be glad with your 3%. You have entire countries elsewhere; Malaysia, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Dubai, etc. The Sinhalese only have Sri Lanka. Mr. Prabhakaran tried to take half of that away also. 

  • 1
    3

    This one along with the recent write-ups by Izeth Husain tell me in no uncertain terms that there is a crack right in the middle of the Ealam project in Sri Lanka. This leaves only Hindu and Christian folks in the North to carry the burden leaving out their Islamic brothers. Colombo and Estate Tamils are not prepared to relocate themselves to North and East either. Numbers in that case are insignificant for the separatist cause.

    This is not good news at all for the Sinhalese who mistakenly may assume so. Islamic Tamils will be pushed down by Hindu and Christian Tamils leaving the future generations of Sinhalese to contend with the problem.

    Like water Tamils will always move down not upwards.

    Soma

    • 4
      2

      Your arguments you have posted to deny the indigenous northern and eastern Tamils their just rights and lands are very weak. If the Colombo and Indian origin Tamils do not want to relocate to the north and east, that is their problem and using that as a lame excuse to justify and deny the indigenous Tamils their land will not work.
      The vast majority of the Tamis living down south are of Indian origin not indigenous and these people have always lived in the South. So what have they got to do with the Indigenous Tamils from the North and east. Will all the illegal Sinhalese settlers in the north and east vacate their ill-gotten ethnically cleansed Tamil lands and homes and move back to the south too?
      Lots of Scots live out of Scotland and did not want to relocate back to Scotland that did not prevent the referendum or the British government granting the Scots who lived in Scotland a federal solution. The Population in Scotland is around 5% of Britain’s population.
      Tamils have never discriminated the Tamils Muslims. It is the other way around. It is the Tamil Muslims, especially their southern elite, like this author, have betrayed the Tamils at every opportunity and had overtly and covertly connived with the Sinhalese majority to discriminate and ethnically cleanse the Tamils, especially in the eastern province.
      This author is very quiet about the thousands of Tamils who were ethnically cleansed by armed Muslim home guards in the east and their lands stolen and still not returned, despite many court orders. Especially in the Amparai district. Yet he bemoans that the 22% Muslim population in the Batticaloa district own only 3% of the land. They had always owned this much of land as they only arrived as refugees in the east around 300-500 years ago. All land in the east was owned by the Tamils. These Indian Dravidian Tamil Muslim refugees were settled at certain towns and a few villages, away from the native Tamil Hindus by the Tamil Vannimanai chieftains. The Tamils generally treated them well. His complaint is like Muslim refugees in Germany stating that it is unfair that the native Germans own all the land in Germany not them. They have already used force and stolen thousands of acres of Tamil lands in the Amaparai district and are still making arrangements to steal more.
      Leave the northern and eastern Muslims who are 100% Tamil by ethnicity to sort our their problems with their fellow Tamils. We do not want opportunistic Southern Muslims, especially ones who live overseas in Australia to start interfering in this matter. They can interfere in southern Muslim affairs. They want to live very amicably with the Sinhalese down south but want to use the Tamil Muslims of the north and east as pawns for their selfish power games.
      These southern Tamil Muslim Marrikars Lebbais Rawthers Thamy’s don’t care two hoots for the northern and eastern Tamil Muslims. Will not move with them socially or hardly intermarry into them but want to use them for their power politics to gain ministerial positions. They never cared or helped the northern Muslim refugees in Puttalam but used them to gain maximum advantage for them in the Arab/Muslim world.
      Yes Tamils flow like water to the south and Sinhalese swarm like bees to the north and east. What is your point?

      • 1
        4

        R S S S

        Now the East is out of Ealam equation as your Islamic brothers are out of sync with the rest of you. Only Hindu and Christian Tamils in the North are demanding a separate unit forcing the Sinhalese to accept the balance which are the majority among you.
        If Hindu and Christian Tamils in the North demand a separate area for themselves we demand that all Tamils (Tamil speaking people) be relocated to that area. This caste, religious and date of arrival differences among the Tamils are not our concern.

        Soma

        • 5
          0

          The east is ancient Tamil land. The Sinhalese are recent arrivals most of them only in the late 1970s 80s and 90s. These people illegally settled by all Sinhalese led governments on stolen Tamil land should not be given any say on the fate of the Tamils and the Tamil Vedda of the east who had lived there from ancient times.
          The Muslims only arrived there as refuges between 300- 500 years ago. First fleeing Portuguese persecution along the western coast and then Sinhalese persecution in the central highland where they first fled. The Sinhalese did not want them there. People who arrived there as refugees have to right to deny the eastern Tamils who gave them refuge women and lands to live, their right to their land.
          Despite all the large scale Sinhalese colonisation killings and ethnic cleansing, Tamils are still the largest community and not the fake Arab Indian Tamil refugees who came to the east around 300-500 years ago. They only predominate also the towns and cities along the southern coastal belt of Amparai . The true eastern heartland the Batticaloa district is 78% and Tamils predominate all along the strategic coastal Trincomalee.
          The Sinhalese are in the interior and the Muslims in a small enclave in Mutur. Heavily packed like sardines. Other than these areas the rest of the Islamic brothers live in enclaves surround by a sea of Tamil Hindu villages and towns. Trincomalle was part of the Jaffna kingdom.
          If the ancient Tamil east is not merged with the north. The Tamils will want their areas to be made a separate unit and this will merge with the north. You can keep your Islamic brothers with you and will see how they fare with you.
          They will not want that too as they are fully aware of what will be in store for them at the hands of a nasty racist Sinhalese majority who now have no use for them. They also cannot do anything with their littler non contiguous majority enclaves. They are acting like a dog in the manger and spoil sports for the real owners of the east, the Tamils. What they are trying to do is to steal as much as land from the Tamils with Sinhalese help. So that can form a viable Muslim majority unit that is contiguous.
          This why these southern Colombo Muslim who has no connection to the north and east and now living in Australia and other southern Muslims like Izeth are howling and baying.
          In their hearts they know their best option is to remain with the Tamils in a united northern and eastern federal unit with guaranteed safe guards for Muslim majority towns and enclaves. Tamils have no hesitation in giving that guarantee to these eastern and northern Tamil Muslims, as other than religion there really is no difference between them and these Tamil Muslims of the east.
          It is only these southern Muslims like Izeth Amir Ali Hilmi and their ilk are making a big hoo ha, as they realise their biggest trump card to gain favours from the Sinhalese using these poor Tamil Muslims peasants from the north and east will soon slide out of their sly greedy paws.
          They also know once these Tamil Muslims of the north and east, move out of their grasp and power, they and the rest of the southern Muslims will have no use for the Sinhalese. As the Sinhalese used these Tamil Muslims from the north and east as a tool to contain the indigenous Eelam Tamils. The Sinhalese will treat them far worse than what they treated the Tamils, as like the Tamils the Sinhalese also hold these southern fake Arab Indian origin Tamil Muslims in contempt and do not trust their backstabbing sly ways. This is why they are so desperate that the Tamil north should not merge with the east not because of their concern to these eastern Tamil Muslim peasants but for their own survival in the Sinhalese south. These people would have never set foot in the north and east and until recently cared two hoots for the people living there. Now strangely they have woken up. They did not wake up when the northern Muslims were languishing in Puttalam or when the Tsunami hit the north and east any many Muslims were affected.
          Good relocate all the Tamil people Hindu Christian and Muslim to the north and east. We will welcome all of them as our fellow Tamil brothers and sisters. just like we welcomed thousands of Tamils Muslims to the east 500 years ago, when they fled Portuguese and then Sinhalese persecution. To us Tamil Muslims are Tamils only they think differently . By this act Eelam will be born. However will not be that racist and cruel any Sinhalese who still wants to live amongst us will be welcome to live as Sinhalese and practise Buddhism or any other religion.
          Hope you will be happy.

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          somaass

          “Now the East is out of Ealam equation as your Islamic brothers are out of sync with the rest of you.”

          Many Muslims now regret that their self-serving leaders had wasted years carrying Mahinda’s b***s. The ordinary Muslims now believe they should have built a close relationship with Tamils despite what the LTTE did to them in the North and East. They also accept that they should have opposed the activities of the STF run Muslim Home Guard activities which were targetted against the innocent Tamils.

          Let the Tamils and Muslims take stock of their past and worry about their future relation. If you want to help nurture relation between the two please keep yourself out of both communities.

          What is your hidden agenda?

          • 0
            2

            “Many Muslims now regret that their self-serving leaders had wasted years carrying Mahinda’s b***s. The ordinary Muslims now believe they should have built a close relationship with Tamils despite what the LTTE did to them in the North and East. They also accept that they should have opposed the activities of the STF run Muslim Home Guard activities which were targetted against the innocent Tamils”

            When did you learn he art of mind reading? Read Izeth Hussain.

            Soma

            • 4
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              somaass

              “When did you learn he art of mind reading? Read Izeth Hussain.”

              FYI I haven’t.

              However I do meet ordinary well meaning Muslims.

              I count Muslims, Hindus, Buddhists, Christians, Tamils, Sinhalese, …. as my friends, and relatives. The Sinhala/Buddhists, Tamil Saivaites, Latin Christians, Arab Islamists … do like me but are not comfortable with my liberal and humanist views.

              I am sure, being a Sinhala/Buddhist ghetto builder you do hate me. Its alright.

              By the way Izath is an Arab Islamist, and sees every Muslim as one of them. Naturally so. However the truth lies elsewhere. Implying him as the embodiment of truth, makes me wonder whether you still retain even a modicum of sanity.

              Generally people of this land enjoy close relation with each other irrespective of their religious affiliation, race(?), region, language, ….. . Bigots like Izath and you can’t bear the thought of harmony among fellow humans as you have amply demonstrated in your previous typings.

              In your case your Sinhala/Buddhist ghetto building agenda is doomed to fail sooner than later.

              Are you a new convert to Arab Islam?

  • 1
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    Religion is the choice of a person but ethnicity is not. A person is born into a race or ethnc group. It is permanent but not a religion.

    Present day human kind asks questions from religious leaders, as a right in all religions. Jihadists of Islamic State (IS), is the result of unanswered questions about Islam, to which, they invented their own skewed answers.

    The son of Hamas leader, left his religion, Islam. In a recent TV interview he said that many young persons have questions in Islam but the religious leaders are unable to answer them.

    For this reason, he predicted that in 10 years time, Islam would cease to be a religion.

    Historically, India had majority Muslims because of Moguls. Late4r, India was also in majority following Saivaism, Buddhism and Christianity at different periods of time. But at present the majority are Hindus.

    Religions changed in India but the ethnicities of the people of India remained the same, in spite of their religious history.

    This truth has to be understood by Muslims in the East and they should support the North and East merger.

  • 1
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    The Tamil leaders in the 1950s used the term “Tamil Arasu” to mean a federal state as there was no pure Tamil equivalent to the term federalism except for the word “Samashti” in Sanskrit. The term “ThamiL Arasu” in the context of the Sri lankan Tamil aspirations does not connote a separate State but a federal state. A scholar like Ameer Ali should surely appreciate this. Whatever it is the Tamil speaking people aspire towards federal state. Bensen

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      Dr. Amir Ali does not look in the least Arab but looks like a typical Dravidian Tamil, that he really is. So does Hilmy Izeth and the rest of the Muslim columnists here but they all claim that are not Tamils but descended from Arabs. Form which part of Arabia?
      When did being a Muslim become synonymous with being an Arab? Then Arabic should be the most widely spoken language in the world and one of the biggest ethnic groups in the world but it is not. Most Muslims are not Arabs and hardly speak a word of Arabic. Most of the world’s Muslim population are not Arabs but are from the Indian subcontinent and Indonesia. What about the Christian and Druse Arabs? This means they are not Arabs as they are not Muslim but something else.
      Only in Sri Lanka Tamils who converted to Islam are not Tamils any more but miraculously become Arabs/Moors.
      I have heard of religious conversions but never heard of people’s ethnicity changing because they converted to another religion. So what happens if these Muslims convert to Christianity or Hinduism or to another religion? They stop being Arab and become Tamil again or change into Jews Aryans or something else.
      I can understand some gullible Muslim peasant being brainwashed by these lies and myths but really people like Dr. Amir Ali Hilmy Izeth and the rest should no better. Don’t these people have mirrors?

  • 3
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    When Federal Party was formed the leaders were Tamil speakers – it so happened some were Muslims. Very soon it dawned on the Muslims that keeping away from FP is advantageous and they did. The word “Tamils” have come to exclude Muslims.

    As a result of the conflict, Tamils lost heavily, Sinhalese to a lesser extent but the Muslims actually gained a lot.

    Muslims do not like the Lankan problem solved because the longer it drags on the better for them.

    Ameer Ali is against merger of Northern and Eastern Provinces. Ameer flogs the fear
    “From the majority Sinhalese point of view such a merger is feared as a stepping stone for the ultimate division of the country. There are historical antecedents to support this fear and tension respectively”
    Can you quote the “historical antecedents” Ameer?

    Ameer says: “Land is the issue for Tamils and it is the issue for Muslims also.”
    Tamils were never against anybody buying land. This will add buoyancy to the market. Tamils are against land grabbing and colonisation under Lankan army protection.

    Ameer again: “What solution do Tamil leaders propose to this fundamental problem in a merged province?”
    What is yours Ameer? Obviously “Keep the conflict alive”

    • 4
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      He is a typical opportunistic backstabbing southern Muslim, living the good life in Australia, wanting to keep the conflict alive, so that his fake Arab converted Dravidian Tamil immigrant community from Tamil Nadu/ Kerala can benefit out of the misery of the indigenous Tamils.

      • 1
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        if he is arab then he is from the north african stock who are responsible for not just the bombs but robbing, killing of chinese japanese, korean, american tourist from spain to france.

        loot is a word that came to the cambridge dictionary from the muslims who started it- Nawabs of north india the looters of the sub-continent.

  • 0
    0

    What a stupid forum!! Stupidity among all and some with shameful prefix as Dr. escalating their own solution to an impossible solution!! Sri Lankans always typical Sri Lankans. No hope!!

  • 0
    0

    Usually, Dr. Amir Ali impresses with his sober and cogent views and can hardly be termed a die-hard Muslim analyst possessed of a single-track mind, like some others often under sharp criticism in these pages. However, in an increasingly sharply divided island of multiple races, languages, religions and much political skullduggery this becomes a happy hunting ground of political, racial and religious demagogues.

    Considering, whereas the population of the island around 1950 was about 8 million the pressure of finding space for thrice that number today creates a variety of grim problems. In the present article Dr. Amir Ali seems to lose his usual neutral stance. That may well be because the divisive question of land faces all of us. The question of survival in the future itself, an important and seminal one, apparently has made him trade his independent thoughts to the reality in the ground both for his own sake and that of his community. He writes “Land is the issue for Tamils and it is the issue for Muslims also. What solution do Tamil leaders propose to this fundamental problem in a merged province?..”

    My own thoughts in the matter, spelt several times earlier, is the National Question, from the 1900-1950s to the day, is only between the Sinhala and Tamils on the question of language that later snow-balled into Language, Land, education, job opportunities in the State and many other. That of the Language of the Courts was an equally important one aimed to destroy the dominant strength of Tamils in the Bar and Bench in the judicial process – all over the island. The almost zero share of Tamils today in Public Service – once where they held sway – is an indication they have suffered the most. The Muslim factor has been thrust into the issue – notably during the time of Ashraff in the early 1980s – only to muddy the waters of the debate. It has to be noted Muslims in their numbers came into the Island only between 200-300 years ago. Or as other commentators note here “the Sinhala effort to divide and rule” is now very much in motion.

    Contrary to what Dr. Ali says land cannot be an issue between the Muslims and Tamils in the way it is presented today. I am, of course, fully aware Muslims now insist on a different Provincial Council of their own – contiguous or otherwise. I fear this question will bring Muslims in the country greater pressure than their own self-inflicted recent Halal Tax mis-adventure. It may be recalled they were forced to retract on this after much loss of face – not to mention subsequent political disaster. To take the argument further, I fear local Muslims have little claim to land of neither the Sinhalese nor Tamils as in the case of Thondaman’s “Indian Tamils” (IT’s) domiciled mostly in the hill country. In fairness to the IT’s it has to be stated in the near 200 years since their arrival they never laid claim to Sinhala land. What was given to them was by State fiat in consideration of their valuable services in creating regular wealth of the country through their blood and toil. Then there was that land they lawfully purchased in different parts of the country in recent decades – a facility availed by the Muslim community also.

    The question of the North-East merger cannot be postponed indefinitely. The North-East, historically, has been the home of the Tamil people almost entirely. The most compelling feature of this is language, dress culture etc., One sees very little argument there. This government is aware of this and, presumably, already works to restore the Status Quo soon. That it is done with as little loss of blood and dislocation should be the main focus of the international community – in addition to our own government.

    Those entrusted with finding a formulae for the settlement will have to define a time factor as the cut-off period. This will reduce the argument as to who came when, where and how. I suspect the cut-off period can well be the 1881 Census. There should be no doubt at all the present and future of the Muslim community forms part of this political arrangement.

    Certainly, the solution will not be easy nor without the shedding of tears – by all concerned. But like in the case of India-Pakistan and Pakistan-Bangladesh it will come. If this transition can be accomplished with as little dislocation as possible that indeed will be an achievement to those leaders who undertake the historical task.

    Kettikaran

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