30 September, 2020

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The ‘Fake’ Mandela Memorial Interpreter Said It All

By Slavoj Žižek

Our daily lives are mostly a mixture of drab routine and unpleasant surprises – however, from time to time, something unexpected happens which makes life worth living. Something of this order occurred at the memorial ceremony for Nelson Mandela last week.

Tens of thousands were listening to world leaders making statements. And then … it happened (or, rather, it was going on for some time before we noticed it). Standing alongside world dignitaries including Barack Obama was a rounded black man in formal attire, an interpreter for the deaf and mute, translating the service into sign language. Those versed in sign language gradually became aware that something strange was going on: the man was a fake; he was making up his own signs; he was flapping his hands around, but there was no meaning in it.

Thamsanqa Jantjie, the man accused of using fake sign language at Nelson Mandela's memorial. Photograph: Foto24/Getty Images via Guardian

Thamsanqa Jantjie, the man accused of using fake sign language at Nelson Mandela’s memorial. Photograph: Foto24/Getty Images via Guardian

A day later, the official inquiry disclosed that the man, Thamsanqa Jantjie, 34, was a qualified interpreter hired by the African National Congress from his firm South African Interpreters. In an interview with the Johannesburg newspaper the Star, Jantjie put his behaviour down to a sudden attack of schizophrenia, for which he takes medication: he had been hearing voices and hallucinating. “There was nothing I could do. I was alone in a very dangerous situation,” he said. “I tried to control myself and not show the world what was going on. I am very sorry. It’s the situation I found myself in.” Jantjie nonetheless defiantly insisted that he is happy with his performance: “Absolutely! Absolutely. What I have been doing, I think I have been a champion of sign language.”

Next day brought a new surprising twist: media reported that Jantjie has been arrested at least five times since the mid-1990s, but he allegedly dodged jail time because he was mentally unfit to stand trial. He was accused of rape, theft, housebreaking and malicious damage to property; his most recent brush with the law occurred in 2003 when he faced murder, attempted murder and kidnapping charges.

Reactions to this weird episode were a mixture of amusement (which was more and more suppressed as undignified) and outrage. There were, of course, security concerns: how was it possible, with all the control measures, for such a person to be in close proximity to world leaders? What lurked behind these concerns was the feeling that Thamsanqa Jantjie’s appearance was a kind of miracle – as if he had popped up from nowhere, or from another dimension of reality. This feeling seemed further confirmed by the repeated assurances from deaf organisations that his signs had no meaning, that they corresponded to no existing sign language, as if to quell the suspicion that, maybe, there was some hidden message delivered through his gestures – what if he was signalling to aliens in an unknown language? Jantjie’s very appearance seemed to point in this direction: there was no vivacity in his gestures, no traces of being involved in a practical joke – he was going through his gestures with expressionless, almost robotic calm.

Jantjie’s performance was not meaningless – precisely because it delivered no particular meaning (the gestures were meaningless), it directly rendered meaning as such – the pretence of meaning. Those of us who hear well and do not understand sign language assumed that his gestures had meaning, although we were not able to understand them. And this brings us to the crux of the matter: are sign language translators for the deaf really meant for those who cannot hear the spoken word? Are they not much more intended for us – it makes us (who can hear) feel good to see the interpreter, giving us a satisfaction that we are doing the right thing, taking care of the underprivileged and hindered.

I remember how, in the first “free” elections in Slovenia in 1990, in a TV broadcast by one of the leftist parties, the politician delivering the message was accompanied by a sign language interpreter (a gentle young woman). We all knew that the true addressees of her translation were not the deaf but we, the ordinary voters: the true message was that the party stood for the marginalised and handicapped.

It was like great charity spectacles which are not really about children with cancer or flood victims, but about making us, the public, aware that we are doing something great, displaying solidarity.

Now we can see why Jantjie’s gesticulations generated such an uncanny effect once it became clear that they were meaningless: what he confronted us with was the truth about sign language translations for the deaf – it doesn’t really matter if there are any deaf people among the public who need the translation, the translator is there to make us, who do not understand sign language, feel good.

And was this also not the truth about the whole of the Mandela memorial ceremony? All the crocodile tears of the dignitaries were a self-congratulatory exercise, and Jangtjie translated them into what they effectively were: nonsense. What the world leaders were celebrating was the successful postponement of the true crisis which will explode when poor, black South Africans effectively become a collective political agent. They were the Absent One to whom Jantjie was signalling, and his message was: the dignitaries really don’t care about you. Through his fake translation, Jantjie rendered palpable the fake of the entire ceremony.

*This article is appeared in the Guardian

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Latest comments

  • 2
    1

    Very true and well done Jantjie. cant belvie that Barrack Obama flashed his picture of him and his wife and all the dumbo Bush and Bush Junio and made the whole thing to be an all american affair when in reality the CIA was instrumental in Mandla’s arrest – as the then supported the white racist government. Glad you made good fun of this white washing event. Well done.

  • 3
    0

    If the speeches are fake, who cares about the interpretation, I think he done a great service at mocking the cockroaches speeches.. And to top it off he looked pretty cool doing it too.. So lets all give him a clap.. Wonder if there was even one leader there with the same vision for humanity as Mendela..

  • 5
    1

    Just come to the Hell of Asia which wrongly call it (by own guys) as the “Paradise of Asia”. We have fake specialists in tonnes…………….. The regime that runs the govt., is itself comprises of many fakes. From the top to bottom we find Fake Lawyers (MR & NR), Fake Doctors (Eliyantha White), Fake Sportsmen, Fake Patriots (the politician/Racists who terrorize the people and rob the country from every corner), Fake Corporate Magnates (Casino Dam.Perera), Fake Bankers ( Central Bank Govnr), Fake Religious saviours ( Nanasara of BBS ) Fake Police Officers ( Contract Killing ) Fake Drug Controlling Activists (Duminda Silva), Fake Journalists (Who are govt., agents and aid & abet Racistic reporting)….etc,etc,etc…….. Just come and experience by yourself.

    • 4
      0

      I think you have forgotten to add the PM who approves release of suspect containers with REAL narcotics……

  • 1
    0

    how true, this appeared in guardian!!

  • 1
    1

    very soon the voters of srilanka will have to learn these sign languages to communicate with their politicians.

    • 2
      0

      there will be no change.
      It ll be like holding lamp light to a blind man. Majority of the nation stay mum for no reasons.

  • 2
    1

    “All the crocodile tears of the dignitaries were a self-congratulatory exercise, and Jangtjie translated them into what they effectively were: nonsense. What the world leaders were cebrating was the successful postponement of the true crisis which will explode when poor,…………”

    He may be a rapist a killer for which he is accountable!

    However, he may have seen the Mugger crocodile from Sri Lanka shedding blood stained tears (while the 3 ‘geta’ kimbulas (smaller but deadly crocodile species) were getting ready with their Lamboghini’s and Ferarris to celebrate the egos of their miniscule brains but at the expense of public money!!) !the celebration with the crocodile entourage at the expense of the poor man’s Sri Lankan airlines His (Jangtjie) interpretation of “was right in terms of ” leaders were celebrating was the successful postponement of the true crisis which will explode when poor…….”….. SRI LANKANS WOULD RISE AGAINST THE TREACHERY OF THE ROGUE FAMILY AND THE GOONS…..

  • 2
    1

    Fake all around. The speakers were faking emotions to win cheap publicity. Perhaps, there is a lesson we all can learn. Cheats exposed.

  • 1
    1

    The Whole World is a stage and all these FUCKERS including Obama are Actors. Well done Thamsanqa Jantjie for exposing and ridiculing the bloody lot. Great Job!

  • 1
    2

    Ammata siri, Rudra Kumaraya too is hiring this Thamsanqa Jantjie guy to deliver Burus Anna’s rhetorics with Diaspora $$$$ because Emmanuel has gone MUTE.

    Need to find o0ne for Sampanthan & Wigneshwaran as well……….

  • 0
    0

    Interpreter makes meaningless signs to a equally meaningless speech – should be the headline!

  • 2
    0

    Thondamanaru you are a mental case because of your upbringing it is understandable as you do not know your biological father as your mother is a prostitute in slave island area. You have been a beach boy all your life living on drugs. Whenever you forget to take your dose you get into this mode to write rubbish. I am afraid there is no remedy for you.

  • 0
    0

    Here in Sri Lanka, those who can see, hear and talk well, do not seem to be using their senses when it comes to minority issues!!! They are just following their wicked leaders blindly!! The moment you mention the word, “Tamil” majority of these people forget their use of their common sense, compassion, memory, history, humanity, justice, fair play everything and ready to join their masters in the killing spree!! They become possessed with everything evil!!

    Slowly this evil is creeping against the Sinhalese who has no clout with the ruling clan, too!! Hope the common man will take notice of this and use their common sense to avert a major disaster!!

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