22 January, 2021

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The Last King Of Jaffna Was A Sinhala-Buddhist

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

Part of the crisis we are facing today was caused by either deliberately hiding the realities of history, or by political activists distorting it to suit expedient politics and partisan ideologies. Distorted history indeed played a central role in dividing the Sinhala-Tamil communities on ethnic lines. One of the main thrusts of peninsular politics was to distort Sri Lankan history and polarise the two communities to keep them apart on ethnic lines. It began with G. G. Ponnambalam who launched his political campaign in the thirties by targeting the Sinhalese and their history. He became the champion of the Tamils by delivering a nine-hour lecture to the Soulbury Commissioners in which he blamed “the Sinhala government” for “discriminating” against the Tamils. Neither he nor any of his successors who held the leadership of Jaffna stood for any progressive, liberal, socialist, or pluralistic political programmes for peaceful co-existence. They survived in politics by rousing communal passions in Jaffna against the Sinhalese. The usual litany of complaints against the Sinhalese, which began with Ponnambalam, was dismissed by the Soulbury Commissioners as stuff and nonsense, unsubstantiated by the available evidence.

But this did not stop him from attacking the Mahavamsa and Sinhala history. It is his distortions of history that caused the first Tamil-Sinhala riots in Nawalapitiya in 1939. His Sinhala rival, S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, thanked him for giving a boost to the newly formed Sinhala Maha Sabha which was established to counter anti-Sinhala racism. Since then the anti-Sinhala racism of Jaffna politics has been the regular diet fed to the people of Jaffna. It the scapegoat on which Jaffna politicians have been riding, partly to cover up their political sins of treating their own people as pariahs unfit for human society and partly to demonise the Sinhala-Buddhists – the indispensable political tool used consistently to gain political mileage both domestically and internationally.

A common feature of Jaffna politics is the refusal to assess Sri Lankan history objectively without looking at it through the coloured lenses of either Ponnambalam, or S. J. V. Chelvanayakam. The ultimate expression of anti-Sinhala racism was enshrined as the official history of Tamils in the Vadukoddai Resolution of 1976. Subsequently, it became the standard reference point for academics, NGOs pundits, researchers, social scientist and the whole caboodle of pro-separatist, or pro-devolution ideologues. Any factual or objective analysis of history that goes counter to the authorised version of Tamil politics throws the Jaffna Tamils off balance. Schooled essentially in the locally manufactured history they are utterly confused when confronted with any critical / scientific / objective history that questions the hand-woven history that were rolled out like home-made beedi for popular consumption.

Scholars, however, are not unanimous about the Vadukoddian version of mono-causal history, its geography, or its anti-Sinhala-Buddhist ideology that led the Tamils all the way to Nandikadal. The post-Vadukoddai image of Jaffna does not conform to the recorded facts in history. Besides, claims and counter-claims have obfuscated the history misleading the followers into paths of suicidal violence. For instance, the first known settlement of migrants of S. India which began in the thirteenth century in Jaffna is labelled by scholars under different classifications. Some say its a kingdom and others refer to it as a principality or as a feudatory. The combined geographical boundaries of the north and the east, which they claim to be their exclusive domain, have no historical basis nor demographic justification (there are more Tamils living with the Sinhalese than in their so-called “homeland”), except that they were drawn by the British who centralised the administration by dividing it into regional provinces. The Sinhala kings in the south, however, considered themselves to be the overlords of the entire island. It is in keeping with this doctrine that the King of Kotte ruled Jaffna with Sapumal Kumaraya (aka, Sembaperumal), his general, as the resident ruler of Jaffna.

King Senerat of Kandy, an ex-Buddhist monk, too considered Jaffna to be a part of his kingdom and when the Portuguese defeated Sankili II in 1619, he bided his time and sent Mudliyar Atapattu, one of his kinsman, with an army of five thousand soldiers, to capture Jaffna. There were, of course, strategic and economic reasons also for invading Jaffna. The advancing Sinhala forces swept into Jaffna with the people of Jaffna rallying behind the victorious Sinhala forces who captured Jaffna by driving out the Portuguese from the land. They were holed up in the confines of their fortress in Jaffna which was under siege by the forces of Atapattu. Fr. Queroz, the leading authority of the time wrote “…. the enemy (i.e, the Sinhalese) made himself master of the Kingdom unopposed.”

“So supreme seemed to be their success that the Kandyans even “tried to collect taxes”. This was the highpoint of the invasion. The Kandyans had advanced right up to the Jaffna Fort, the enemy’s innermost defences and encamped before it on the Pachellpallai plain.” – p.276, Kandy Fights the Portuguese, The Military History of Kandyan Resistance, C. Gaston Perera’s, Vijitha Yapa Publications, 2007.) Senarat’s claim to the Jaffna kingdom was strengthened by the marriage of his two sons to the Jaffna princesses in Tanjore against the wishes of the Portuguese who feared that a marriage alliance between the two kingdoms would be a certain threat to their security and stakes.

After Jaffna was handed over to the Portuguese un der the terms of the Nallur Convention, the people of Jaffna were oppressed cruelly by the occupation army of the Portuguese. Naturally, they rallied behind the invading Kandyan forces and went on the rampage, burning the hated symbols of Portuguese Churches. The triumphant Kandyan forces were emboldened by the mass support of the population. After the defeat of Sankilli II in 1619 the people of Jaffna were happy to accept the Sinhala forces (in 1629) as liberators. Fr. Bruno wrote that the Kandyan army “was joined by the whole kingdom.” (Fr. V. Perniola, The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka, Portuguese Period. ) So technically, legally, politically and militarily Senerat established himself as the last king of Jaffna by taking over power from the Portuguese in the last battle for Jaffna. His invasion of Jaffna, his conquest of Jaffna, grabbing power from the Portuguese, his being in total command of the territory, his imposition of taxes and, above all, the mass support he got from the people of Jaffna makes him the legitimate and acknowledged king of Jaffna.

The capture of Jaffna by King Senarat in 1629 is also recorded by Captain Ribeiro who wrote : “But while our (Portuguese) army was laying waste to the whole of that (Kandyan) kingdom, the General (Constantine de Saa) was advised that the King had sent five thousand chosen men to Jafanapatao under the command of Modeliar of his Atapata, the Captain of his personal bodyguard; he knew that that kingdom and fortress were feebly garrisoned, and that Felippe de Oliviera, who had brought it under the dominion of the Portuguese, was dead.” – (p. 87, The Historic Tragedy of the Island of Ceilao, Captain Joao Ribeiro, translated by Paul E. Peiris, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi. 1999). Clearly, this indicates that King Senerat, after calculating the political situation in Jaffna , had picked the right moment to strike. It was, as indicated by Ribeiro, the weakest moment of Portuguese rule in Jaffna. Fr. Queroz too had devoted a chunk of his history to the conquest of Jaffna. Referring to Modliyar Atapattu’s expedition to Jaffna he wrote : “This was the last battle in the conquest of Jaffna.”

The invasion and capture of Jaffna by Senerat blasts the politico-legal myth that the sovereignty of Jaffna was passed on to the Portuguese by the last king Sankilli II of Jaffna and, therefore, the British should have handed back sovereignty to his descendants, the Tamils. But history records that the last king of Jaffna was Senerat, a Sinhala-Buddhist King of Kandy, and not Sankilli II, though he was last king of Aryachakravarti dynasty. As Senerat was the last king to fight the last battle over Jaffna there could be no doubt that sovereignty passed over finally from the Sinhala king to the Portuguese. The conquest of Jaffna by Senerat’s forces in 1629 negated the validity of the Nallur Convention in which Jaffna handed over power to the Portuguese in 1619. The fate of Jaffna was settled finally in “last battle” fought by Senerat and not at the Nallur Convention.

When Mudliyar Attapattu was holding Jaffna the Portuguese general Constantine de Saa had to send two columns from the south to challenge him and regain Jaffna for the Portuguese King. Even though Mudliyar Atapattu held Jaffna for a brief while, history records that sovereignty finally passed over to the Portuguese only after the defeat of Mudliyar Attapattu on Jaffna soil. The victory of Mudliyar Attapatu makes Senarat the last king of Jaffna. And the defeat of Mudliyar Atapattu establishes that sovereignty was regained by the Portuguese only after defeating him. There is serio-comic irony in this historical event : the last King of Jaffna was a Sinhalese and the last king of the Sinhalese was a Tamil. Such are the twists and turns of history which mock the pompous racial assumptions of extremists.

Accepting the historical truths as recorded by reliable eye-witnesses is indispensable to draw accurate conclusions from history. The pro-Tamil lobby had laboured indefatigably to comb every nook and corner of history to extract evidence to prove that Jaffna belongs to them exclusively. One of the main arguments is based on the Nallur Convention in which they claim that power was handed over by the Tamils to the Portuguese. From this point they trace a line of power flowing from Tamils to the Portuguese and from Portuguese to the Dutch and from the Dutch to the British. From this chain of events they conclude that the British should have handed over power to them instead of handing it over to the Sinhalese because it was the Tamils who handed over power to the Portuguese. But the historical events, as recorded by the Portuguese historians, confirm that the Sinhala King recaptured Jaffna and the decisive and final transfer power took place only after the Portuguese reclaimed Jaffna by defeating the Sinhala forces. So the ultimate transfer of power took place when the Sinhalese lost Jaffna to the Portuguese in the last battle for Jaffna in 1629 and not when the Tamils lost it to them in 1619.

The Nallur agreement signed with the Portuguese has no relevance to the transfer of power because after the conquest of Jaffna by Senarat the Nallur Agreement had no validity under the new political dispensation of the Kandyan King. The conquest of Jaffna by Senerat superseded the previous arrangements with the Tamil kings. As the last king of Jaffna it was his word that reigned supreme in the destiny of Jaffna. This emphasizes the prime necessity of establishing historical truths to prevent falsifications of history and, more importantly, to trace the proper sequence of events without hiding relevant historical facts for political gain. The validity of the Tamil claim to a separate state based on their argument that sovereignty of Jaffna was passed over to the Portuguese by the Tamil king loses legitimacy and credibility when tested against the eye-witness records of the Portuguese historians. A nation does not deserve to be divided on fictitious history.

One other point that is noteworthy is that in the officials records of the Portuguese, Dutch and the early 19th century British there wasn’t a community known as the Tamils. The Jaffna Tamils were consistently branded as Malabaris. There were no Tamils, per se, in the known records until late in the 19th century. Here is an example from the British records : “There is no part of the world where so many languages are spoken or which contains such mixture of nations, manners and religions. Besides Europeans and Cingalese, the proper native of the island, you meet scattered all over the town almost every race of Asiatic : Moors of every class, Malabars, Travancorins, Malays, Hindoos, Gentoos, Chinese, Persians, Arabians, Turks, Maldivians, Javians and Natives of all the Asiatic isles. Parsees or worshippers of fire, who would sooner have their houses burnt and themselves perish in the flames than employ any means to extinguish it. There are also a number of Africans, Cafrees, Buganese, mixed race of Africans and Asiatic; beside the half-castes, people of colour and other races which proceed from a mixture of the original ones. Each of these different class of people has its own manners, customs and language.”

This was written in 1803 by R. Perceival in his book, An Account of the Island of Ceylon, (London 1803, pp. 114-115). What is striking in Perceival’s report is the absence of Tamils in this account. The absence of a racial group established as Tamils from the early colonial records is puzzling. However, it is wrong to conclude that the Tamils were not there. Even the Mahavamsa records the prevalence of the Tamils (Demalas). The reference to Tamils comes into prominence mainly in the British records of the late 19th century, particularly after the censuses which classified the people according to races. The Portuguese and the Dutch classified them essentially as Malabaris.

In the early colonial periods, however, the influx of S, Indian migrants from Malabar and Travancore must have overshadowed the native Tamils. Besides, the “Tamil consciousness” which rides high, overdetermining current politics, could not have been in existence in the early colonial periods. As shown earlier, the records do not even recognise Tamils as a communal entity. The rise of Tamils as a political force, driven by the Saivite-casteist forces forged in its insular past, is clearly a post-British phenomenon. This development has a history of its own which has to be explored more thoroughly to disentangle the interweaving threads of north-south relations that worsened inter-ethnic relations. The rise of “Tamil consciousness”, in its most virulent form, emerging from nowhere, as it were, has been a decisive factor in the 20th century and, oddly enough, our social scientists have ignored this aspect in analysing the Tamil past that went awry.

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  • 17
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    Mahindapala,

    A Jaffna King also held sway over the rest of the island and the ‘ Tooth Relic’ was in his possession. When talking of history tell the full story and do not pick and choose facts to suite your ulterior purposes.

    Read Raghavan’s ‘Tamil Culture in Ancient Lanka’, if you have not yet done so.

    Who are the twelve Brahmin rulers Dutu Gamini had to defeat on his journey from Ruhuna to Anuradhapura to wage war on Ellalan?

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

    • 13
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      සියලු සත්වයෝ නිදුක් වෙත්වා නිිරෝගි වෙත්වා !
      ”may all living beings be happy and healthy”.

      Dear King of RABBLE ROUSING – heavens sake, LEAVE US PLEASE SOME GOOD TIMES AT LEAST THIS WONDERFUL DAY OF THE YEAR – WITH NEW YEAR EVE AND CELEBRATIONS WAITING; WE DONT WANT YOU TO PUMP AN ANOTHER SET OF RACIAL THOUGHTS INTO US. We are fed up of being fed with racial thoughts by your and your supporters in this country. In the dawn year, please go and see your psychologist for your long sickness, which is RACISM AND Promoting RACISM is packed in you. Nobody with a healthy mind WOULD EVER want to share the thoughts with you….. we are fed up of getting the kind from you on a consecutive manner. Have a break .. and see to become a healthy person – this is my New year wish to you. Happy new year – The words “HUMAN RIGHTS” came into being recently but before that this aspect was well looked after by our religion Buddhism, where it teaches compassion, love not only of human beings but all living beings in the animal kingdom – “Siyalu Sathwayo Niduk Wethwa, Neerogi Wethwa” –”may all living beings be happy and healthy”.

    • 5
      7

      Who is that Jaffna king? Rajasingham?
      Give a source

      • 9
        1

        Give a source

        man keep eating Mahinds’s Hoppers with sauce

      • 0
        0

        Sach,

        Please read the highlights of M.D. Raghavan’s book in the following link, which also gives the source in detail.
        The book is no longer available in bookshops. I have a copy.

        http://dbsjeyaraj.com/dbsj/archives/6238

        According to the Yarlpana Vaipawa Maalai which Raghavan refers, the Ariachakaravarthi of Jaffna ruled over the whole of Lanka for twelve years.

        I hope you will make the effort to read this link in its entirety and if, possible also find a way to read the original book.

        Dr.RN

        • 0
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          Sach ,

          This is your comment in response to my above referenced article:

          ” sach
          May 17, 2012 at 2:00 am
          there is no use of discussing history here, who came first to this island and who were the inhabitants then is not an issue as everyone here is born as sri lankan and entitled to all the rights any lankan should have. Discussing who came first is a historical matter and should be dealt by only historians. The ground reality of SL should be taken when devising a political solution.

          whatever the history of this country is there are wto types of people here, one who speaks tamil and the other who speaks sinhala. the only way this country can go forward is by having two administrative region, one in tamil and the other in sinhala. that is the practical way.

          whatever said and done i personally believe sinhala politicians are largely responsible for the current status of the country. A proper power devolution with the tamils should have been devised in early 50s. but we cant undone the damage now, at least correct the things for the sake of future generation.

          a Sinhalese ( dbsjeyaraj.com)

          What is your position now?

          Dr.RN

        • 0
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          Of course I read a lot of books on Eelam history.
          I guess Raghavan’s statement is based on Yalpana Vaipawa Malai. And there is a very question mark on Yalpana Vaipawa Malai as a historical source.

          How does anyone say that statement is true? Have you read Yalpana Vaipava Malai? What other sources are available to back it up?

          • 0
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            “And there is a very question mark on Yalpana Vaipawa Malai as a historical source. “

            if we apply your theory there is a question mark on Mahavamsa as well.

            so

          • 0
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            Sach,

            Yes, I have a copy of the Yarlpana Vaipawa Malai.

            Most of the previous sources in Ola leaves, are extant now. Some were probably burnt with the Jaffna library.

            Have you changed the opinion you expressed in 2012? Why are you avoiding an answer?

            Dr.RN

    • 3
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      Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

      Here is a question for you.

      ETHICAL CONUNDRUMS

      Is it really feasible that a chimpanzee with a typewriter and an infinite amount of time will be able to produce the complete works of Shakespeare?

      theguardian.com

      Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

      A few typewriter-toting chimpanzees also believe they are creating a serious body of work for the benefit of humankind.

      • 2
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        Native Vedda,

        Yesterday, Edward Fernando revealed that a Chimpanzee mated with a pig to produce the first man!

        I am sure Edward Fernando will have the answer for your

        Dr.RN

    • 1
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      I think the last king of Jaffanisthan is Mahinda Rajapakse.

      How can you disprove it ?

      • 2
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        Mahinda Rajapakse wanted to go down in the history of Sri Lanka as the last King of Sri Lanka.

        Jim what have you done? you have reduced king to just king of Jaffanisthan. is this a small village in Afghanistan?

      • 6
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        I think last King of Kandy is Prabaharan. How can you disprove it?

  • 12
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    Mahindapala,

    You pretend to know everything, but in reality you are only causing unnecessary ill feelings towards two different race.

    [Edited out]Don’t spread Hatred.
    What matters now is to Live in Harmony.

    Sri lanakan

    • 5
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      Why dont you want to know Jaffna history ?

      • 10
        4

        Why dont you want to know Jaffna history ?

        we Tamils know Jaffna History.
        we don’t need fake web sites and fake sources.

        • 0
          8

          So what is your Jaffna history? You have no sources ne…

          • 8
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            here is YOUR source.

            http://jaffnahistory.com/index22.html

            I am sure you and De Silva and Edwin et el will be very happy to read it and use it as your source.

            Tamils don’t need fake internet sources and you cannot distort history with fake internet sources

            • 0
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              Jaffna Library

              Sach, NR, Rajash et al. I am deeply sorry about the burning of the Jaffna Library. I understand that the books contained all the sounds that is now missing from your alphabet like හ, එ, ද and leaving stupid things like rotten යෙග්ස් in their place.

              Egad! May be the sounds were lost in the fire that we started. Sorry ah!

              The problem ish that shum people shimply polish the booksh and keep them yin the libarar. and shome other people shimply shet them on fire.

    • 2
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      Kanahgaratarnam,

      How about Sinhalese’s feelings for once about that their country is being invaded, their history is distorted, etc????

      • 5
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        Johnny boy – arrested development

        “How about Sinhalese’s feelings for once about that their country is being invaded, their history is distorted, etc????”

        How about Veddahs’ feelings for once about that their country is being invaded, their history is distorted, etc????

      • 6
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        When are yu going to get it in your head that the “Mahawansa” is a load of crap.

    • 1
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      S.Kanagaratnam , I agree. Live in Harmony until the next war financed, organized and armed by the International Tamil Something.

      • 1
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        Please do not talk about war. Grant the share of power and territory to Tamils, which will get rid of a future war. However if Sinhala racists like you obstruct a just solution, the next war will come with the blessing of International community. There will not be a foolish and selfish person like Prabaharan to usurp it and mess it. There will be no need for Tamils to finance or organize it. Sinhala people are being exposed as intransigent racists not willing to settle the problem amicably, and it is your guess as to the only way to liberate Tamils and their lands from Sinhala terrorism.

  • 7
    21

    Thank you very much for the article, it is enlightening.

    Tamil history has no more than 200 years in Sri Lanka, then they were known as Malabaris or Dravidians, Sinhalese gave those wandering round orphaned gypsies thr Demala ( Tamil) identity. 99% Tamils are recent migrants.

    Giving Tamil language an official status was a terrible mistake. One nation->One people -> One official language!!!

    Scince the truth is well established now, the SL should start deporting the ethnic minority leeches and pests to South India. Good one can stay on severe terms and regulations.

    Even though, the king Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe was from Madras, he was not Tamils, he was Theligu and promised to Protect Buddhism and Sinhale.

    • 17
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      another ignorant racist

    • 8
      5

      john that means you are Portuguese or a recent convert to Christianity, it is true that we all came from india,the tamil kings had conquered up to Cambodia,how simple it would have been the tamils to come to Ceylon which is mere 12 miles across the ocean now tell me who came to Ceylon first.so if according to you the recent migrants are ask to go back tell me who has to go back first

    • 10
      3

      by the way john do you know that the so called sinhelese have more than 80% Dravidian DNA

    • 3
      6

      Future battles

      Warning: This comment may contain material that may be offensive to certain readers. If you are an ardent follower of Panchaseela or don’t believe Mahavamsa to be true, STOP reading NOW.

      John, you want “SL to start deporting the ethnic minority leeches and pests to South India. Good one can stay on severe terms and regulations”.

      That is a bit too harsh. After all, those guys came here doing a marathon swim and they are too tired to swim back. It would be bad strategy too. Let them stay so that we may use them as hostages in a future war initiated by some outside force (I mean the Tamil International Something).

      I do not consider it to be an HR violation to take them hostage if needed. After all, we have seen their Last King of Jaffna (Para Paran) doing it in style to his own subjects for 30 long years.

      Anyway, I do not understand why we waste time discussing who the Last King of Jaffna was. Para Paran is gone, kaput, thanks to Nimal the Army Private (GCE O-Level with 5 credits). He, Para Piran, no longer rolls. What matters now is who the next King of Jaffna is going to be.

      Martin Luther King, Jr. said, “We are not makers of history. We are made by history”. Therefore, it is good to have a good history. By ‘good’ I don’t mean good ‘good’ but something good to us. Thus Sapumal Kumaraya or even Para Piran would fit in nicely.

      Otherwise, as Karl Marx said, History would repeats itself, first as a tragedy, with another Para Tamil ascending the Jaffna throne, or as a farce, with the Tamils getting their Eelaam. Either would mean another marathon swim across the Palk Strait to TN for the Tamils – and that certainly would be a tragedy not a farce.

      • 5
        3

        If you challenge so, please tell us with believable proofs as to why you think Mahanwansa is true – we talk about the ORGINAL script that stay without being subjected to any revisions/reviews by today.
        We the buddhists anytime and anywhere stand against BBS and the MAD Monk Mangalaramaya Batticalo – dharma being followed and promoted by them. තුට්ටු දෙකේ කතා මේවා all low level talks from the guys that have been manipulated by extremist politicians in srilanka.

      • 6
        2

        Only third world country idiots hang on the kind of things today.

        People in developed world though remind their past but they never exaggerate anything the way srilankens and the like poor people do. Our people just waste their valuable time stay talking and using them to attack own country men. Are tamils not srilankens ? Are Muslims not srilankens ? Why we the sinahalaya must make every efforts to keep us above – like here the racial writer continues and say – the last king.. bla bla.. What brings us here than further hurts being passed on the minority folks ?

        The best would be not to bring the kind of articles to any platforms – CT too must not allow any articles with racial and rabble rousing contents be published here any further.
        These men being caught by their countries, not having anything better to do stay attacking own people (tamils). SHOULD BE SHAMEFUL to have the kind of seniors actually.
        May the dawn year help them healing their psycho problems then only the nation can work for the permament peace for all.

    • 5
      2

      Tamil is the oldest language in the world and it is recognized as a classical language in the world. In most western countries Tamil is considered as an additional credit to enter Universities and Tamil is now spoken in most of the western counties.
      Sinhalese language is spoken in Sri Lanka only.
      Sinhala language is a mixture of Pali and Tamil.

      • 0
        2

        The decline of Tamil

        Kumarathasan Rasingam, you say: “Tamil is the oldest language in the world and it is recognized as a classical language in the world”.

        I doubt it very much. I think the Kalavedi language is hundreds of thousands of tears older. Anyway, the problem is that, just like Kalavedi language you are stuck there up in the branches where monkeys tread. You are static. Nay, you are going backwards – dropping what you have. At this rate, your language will be finally left with Ana Aavanna only and what can you do with that?

        I know you can get used calling your King Pare Paharan as Anna. But is that enough?

        Where is your country? Where are the currency and stamps with Tamil script that we gave you? Where is your Mahavamsa? Where is your Mahanama? Numbers are not everything. you have 10 times more than us. True. But no quality.

    • 5
      2

      Johnny boy

      Wish you happy new year.

      Wish you a speedy recovery.

      Please, please, please, please ……… get well soon and grow up soon.

  • 12
    0

    So who is the Governor of Northern Province today?

    Reginald Cooray!

    Who was before him?

    General Chandrasiri Perera!

    Before?

    General Sarath Fonseka.

    Before?

    General Janaka Perera.

    Before?

    Gamini Fonseka.

    Looks like the Portuguese are still in control of the north.

    • 4
      1

      Fatima, Where is Allah in all this?

      • 5
        1

        He’s busy in Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq, Willpaththuwa, eastern province of Sri Lanka, etc.

        • 0
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          I thought he had this omniscient radar on the whole world!

    • 0
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      as i said elsewhere these are the descendants of the people who were brought by portuguese from places like tuticorin in tamil nadu to sri lanka to catch sardines. they were originally hindus, however, knowing the portuguese they didn’t waste no time in converting them to catholicism. sooner or later these tamils assimilated with the small number of sinhala tribe living in the coastal areas of southern sri lanka and learnt to speak the sinhala dialect. eventually these original tamils after adopting an alien faith and an alien dialect, their transformation to sihala tribe thereby became complete. in more recent times the late fernandopulle is a fine example. a hindu from tuticorin in tamil nadu, he became a catholic and spoke only little tamil. he and his family spoke mainly the sinhala dialect and no doubt the next generation of his would be completely assimilated and will become part of the sinhala tribe. i guess the people above are from the same stock as the late fernandopulle.

      • 0
        1

        Adi Da Sunderalingam

        Sundaralingham, Your theory appears to be Sundaram as your Lingam. You remind me of thatt Varsity song? Satyam Sivam Sunderalingam.

        Adi Da Sunderalingam// Sundara Lingamaya – Maha Hari Pandithaya – Ex Oxford Joker from Vavuniya. ….The rest of the song needs parental guidance.

        Sorry, what was your theory? No. No time to read.

    • 2
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      Sri Lankan Muslim Congress is run by

      Rahul Hakim

      founded by Ashraff

      Looks likes Mooors are still controlling the Muslims

  • 8
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    mahindapala has always been talking through the wrong end of the food channel, or to be precise writing with the mahavamsa mind set

  • 4
    2

    After independence the whole island is ruled by whom?

    Whats the problem now,stir community violence.take it to burning field again.

    • 3
      2

      Don Soloman Senanayaka
      Dudly Senanayaka
      Solomon Dias Bandaranayaka
      Julius Richard Jayawardena

      Non of them are original Buddhists;

  • 14
    1

    Any area occupied by other ethnic king is not considered as ‘rulers of native people’. It is occupation like now north & East.
    If we consider your way of explanation, then even Anurathapura and Polennaruwa must be belongs to Tamils due to it was ruled by a Tamil king.
    Do not duck unwanted stories to gain some political benefit. Understand machine.

    • 4
      8

      Those tamil kings were outsiders from the island . Read jaffna history , not many tamils are aware of jaffna history

      • 2
        0

        What is the correct history of Srilnaka scientifically based on geology, archaeology and genetics.
        Geologically India and Srilanka were a single land mass which had become separated by sea upheaval some years ago.
        The first inhabitants are the veddhas who are dark skinned with afro hair, having genetic similarity to Adivasis of Tamil Nadu, Orang Aslis of peninsular Malaysia and Aborigines of Andaman. Even at the same people inhabited both Tamil Nadu and Srilanka.
        The first immigrants to these parts are the Dravidians, who are also dark shinned but having caucasian features. There are urn burial sites which are hall mark of Dravidian civilization discovered in northwestern parts of Srilanka from Puttalam to Poonagari. Also ancient pottery have been unearthed in Northern province similar to those unearthed in Tamil Nadu. These suggest the same people lived on both sides of the divide. Five ancient Siva Temples in Srilanka precedes arrival of Sinhala ancestors. The first time Sinhala appeared in a stone inscription was in 7th Century AD, while several stone inscription in Tamil have been discovered both in Northern and Eastern provinces. Recent genetic studies proved that Sinhalese are immigrants from South India. It is now believed that Arahant Mahinda delivered the first sermon on Buddhism to Devanampiya Tissa in Tamil.

  • 2
    3

    A former close friend of mine who turned out to be an a-hole is from Chennai, upper crust elitist educated high caste family of Tamils. He married a woman from a wealthy family but not of the same high social status as the Tamil man. His family never respected or still do not respect her. When they go back from the US to India, she does not stay with him. She speaks Tamil and Kannada and grew up in TNadu but sadly she is still looked down upon by her husband’s family. She was a sweet person who looked up to me as an older brother. Once I even drove 3.5 hours to go pick her sister up at Dallas Airport because they asked me to. He turned out to be a lying, thin skinned typically Indian arrogant academic who did not like fierce independent American women and wanted to dictate terms on certain projects we did. Very thin skinned and a liar. He was my boss; if I stayed on 2 more weeks, I would have punched him in his face. Before that when he became my director, he got one bad evaluation from his colleagues and he went around very unprofessionally wanting to find out which white faculty member gave him a bad evaluation. That is so thin skinned. As we left the place his own Admin Secretary said, “he is punishing you because he cannot punish your wife who is tenured”. A lot of our alumni were pissed off. To this date, I feel sorry for his simple wife who of course has to stand by her man because she does not work and is a housewife in the typical Indian chauvinist model. She had brought me a gift set of Knives and called me to wanting it back because she said there is a belief knives lead to cutting of friendships. Sad so I sent it back but I never wanted back any of the presents I shared with them. Shit I even got drunk at their wedding anniversary. But Some people are really thin skinned arrogant people.

    • 3
      1

      Come to the point what has all go to do with the current debate? You are rambling about some high class rich Indian friends from Chennai and living in the USA, this has nothing to with the last king of Jaffna or the Sinhalese or Tamils in the island or their history.

  • 15
    3

    I call upon everyone to expose these Sinhala-Buddhist Pseudo-Historians, scoundrels they’re – their only mission is to undermine and nullify our legitimate claim to #TamilEelam!

    • 3
      7

      So what is Eelam history lady? Do you have a history at all..

      • 1
        0

        such,

        Yes, the Tamils have history in Sri Lanka. A huge part of it has now intertwined with the Sinhala! You look at your language, culture, and heritage; all have Tamil influences! Pre-colonial period, knowledge of Tamil was considered as leaned! Tamil enriched the Sinhala language and fostered it to protect it. The early Buddhist Monks were mainly Tamils. So Tamil history is everywhere in Sri Lanka but twelfth century on wards the Tamil concentrated within the N&E.

        “So what is Eelam history lady? Do you have a history at all..”

        So asking questions like these only goes to show your ignorance!

  • 10
    1

    History’s twisted according to the whims and fancies of the writer. Soulbury was reported to have admitted to C. Sundaralingam that he had made a grave mistake by not giving proper weight to GGP’s demands when Sinhala replaced English. And what happened to the clause 29 in the Soulbury’s constitution in 1956 when Sinhala only was passed and in 1972 new constitution which made Ceylon Republic Sri Lanka? Why go on harbouring on the past? It is useless unless you are prepared to grant the minorities equal rights.

  • 2
    7

    Fathima,
    Thanks. It’s pithy. It’s chatty. It’s witty. It makes you understand how history repeats itself, first as a tragedy then as a comedy. These are the oddities of history. It’s the most thought-provoking comment so far.
    Don

  • 12
    2

    The Last King Of Kandy Was Not A Sinhala-Buddhist

  • 2
    10

    It all happened after certain Sinhala Buddhist priests preached Aryanism and influenced the polity to turn up their noses at Dravidians (didn’t work because both races looked the same). Otherwise, after independence, one bomb on Jaffna, and the whole Island would have been united forever.

    • 2
      0

      Have America announced their results of the experiments you alleged they were conducting on us? Can you please share the results of the experiments with us?

  • 12
    1

    sinhala population was under 2 million in 1871. 2000 years ago sinhala population was fewer than 10. i would say sinhala race didn’t exist 2000 years ago. vast majority of sinhala population originated from coastal areas of tamil nadu and they were brought to sri lanka by portuguese to catch sardines. all the talk of sinhala kings etc. are a load of rubbish. sinhala lot didn’t even have a language of their own until tamils helped them to formulate a dialect. even buddhism is an imported religion from india. now these sinhala idiots are trying to become the custodians of an alien faith which of course have become extinct in india. even though india is trying to resurrect buddhism because of pressure from sri lanka, i think indians are in no mood to give life to buddhism which according to them has been dead and buried.

    • 1
      6

      sardines are not found in Sri Lanka idiot….quite symbolic of your racist outcry.
      Go and study Sri Lankan history, at least study Jaffna history

      • 3
        0

        don’t make a fool of yourself you ignorant idiot. saman fish is sardines. is it not?.

        • 3
          0

          R Sundaralingham

          “don’t make a fool of yourself you ignorant idiot.”

          It is her birth right. No one should attempt to deny her right to being an ignorant idiot.

  • 7
    2

    See How these sinhalese are bloody Racists ?

    • 5
      0

      They have the lion blood: in DNA: they are proud to say they have lion blood [Animal blood] so it is their nature to behave like animal

    • 1
      6

      omg a sinhala is talking abt history of Sri Lanka so he is a racist..boo hooo hooo

  • 7
    0

    Mahindapala
    Please find ways to unite our people and demand good and transparent governance where politicians are accountable to people, especially to the taxpayers.

    • 7
      1

      Agreed.

      Look at Izeth Hussein. He used to write anti Tamil racist Venom and twisted history. Now he has turned against his own religion. He is now critical of Islam specifically treatment of women in his religion.

      He wants to help the likes of Fathima enjoy ice cream.

  • 6
    1

    For goodness sake stop delving into the history or pseudo history of this country and go from what the demographics were 30 or 50 years ago.

    Look for solutions and not for justifications.

    • 2
      0

      Exactly Manel. [Edited out]

    • 1
      0

      [Edited out]

    • 5
      0

      That is unfortunately his hobby. So what can we do. Have you read anything else came down to read from the writer ?
      His topics of higher interests have been
      1) Caste system
      2) Brave war won by their great leader Mahinda Rajapakshe
      3) Mahawansa/and all lies interpreted and established by the book, though believed to have drafted without sufficent facts to that time
      4) Superiority of Sinhala Race
      5) This time, about sinahala Monarchs…

      This man has already reserved a place in Hell next to Mahinda Rajaakshe and waiting to for Karma to speed up his journey.

      • 6
        1

        Desperate Lanken

        “This man has already reserved a place in Hell next to Mahinda Rajaakshe and waiting to for Karma to speed up his journey.”

        What if the Hell-Keepers refuse to accept both on the ground that both endanger either mental or physical health and wealth.

        • 0
          0

          I am afraid, I dont know anyone else to know the CONSTITUION of the hell – better thatn Dayan Jayathilaka -self proclaimed Mr RIGHT according his bla bla theories. If you NV can please contact him and let him know the probable refuse of hell-keepers..

  • 5
    2

    H. L. D. Mahindapala you say and I quote;

    “Part of the crisis we are facing today was caused by either deliberately hiding the realities of history,…”

    your guilty conscious took over as soon as you sat down to pen this rubbish.

  • 1
    12

    Excellent article!
    This myth of Tmail homeland in Jaffna must be busted with correct facts.

    Prof. Iyengar (Tamil scholar), in the preface he wrote to the “Ancient Jaffna” by Rasanayam (1962) rightly says, “Eelam is the ancient version of the Sinhala word Sihala or Sinhala. Therefore Eelam stands for the entirety of Ceylon”.

    The Tamil historian, Rasanayagam (Tamil scholar), in his book “Ancient Jaffna” has said “Jaffna was occupied by Sinhalese earlier than by Tamils, is seen, not only in the place names but also in some of the habits and customs of the people.”

    • 5
      1

      LS

      “The Tamil historian, Rasanayagam (Tamil scholar), in his book “Ancient Jaffna” has said “Jaffna was occupied by Sinhalese earlier than by Tamils, is seen, not only in the place names but also in some of the habits and customs of the people.””

      Could you cite the page number and year of publication.

      • 4
        0

        Native, most Sinhalese are misquoting Mudaliar Rajasnayagam and taking his comments out of context. He was referring to the the mixed population( of Naga, Yakka, Tamil and Kalinga. The first three Tamil or semi Tamil speaking) from Point Pedro to Dondra Head known by the name Sinhalam, or Chingkalam, meaning the land of copper or red in Tamil with the exception of those living in maritime districts( who spoke proper Tamil) must have, during the early centuries of the Christian era, spoken one language.” [What Rasanayagam means by this sentence is that, 2000 years ago, the ‘mixed population’ would have spoken a language, predominantly based on Tamil. If someone interprets that language as Sinhalese, which would have been in its formative stages.

        The Sinhalese language, which was in an infantile stage in the 3rd Century BC, as will be seen from the undeveloped phraseology used in the cave inscriptions of that period, took about 1,500 years to reach that degree of development which is necessary for the composition of literary works in that language.

        With the arrival Buddhism and the introduction of copious Pali and Sanskrit works, a new language came into existence, with a ground work of Semi Tamil Elu and proper Tamil and a superstructure of Pali and Sanskrit.

        The name Lanka, applied to Ceylon, had not the remotest connection with its people or with the language spoken by them. The name Eelam which was also given to Ceylon, has some affinity with its earlier language Elu. A simple semi Tamil Dravidian dialect. The island must have been called Eelam because Elu was spoken there; or perhaps the language was called Elu because it was spoke in Eelam. The name Eelam was undoubtedly given to the island by her neighbours , the South Indian Tamils.

        As Ceylon afterwards became famous for its gold and its toddy, the word ‘Eelam’ later became a Tamil word to designate gold or toddy metonymically.

        Elu was only a spoken dialect and had not reached a state of development sufficient to produce any literature in that language. Tamil was, therefore, the Court language. The poets, kings and pundits cultivated it for literary purposes. Tamil continued to be the Court language of Ceylon kings for several centuries. Even after the adoption of Sinhalese in Court, Tamil was not despised as Tamil poets and pundits often flocked to the court of a learned Sinhalese king.”

        • 4
          0

          Real Siva Sankaran Sarma

          As to the language(s) please refer to

          The Evolution of an Ethnic Identity The Tamils in Sri Lanka C. 300 BCE To C. 1200 CE.

          By K Indrapala

          As to H L D Mahindapala’s ranting, I found Prof Sudharshan Seneviratne’s observation relevant:

          Excerpt:

          Epilogue

          {The future of, both, historical and archaeological studies in Sri Lanka is at cross roads facing a dilemma of priorities, choices, resource persons, attitudes and above all quality of research. It is indeed reasonable to question the extent to which a new breed of charlatans and political animals in these disciplines are responsible for the emergence of a-historical attitude and an anti-historical bias in schools, at seats of higher education and the country in general. ‘Anti-Orwellian’ historians in this country who have slithered their way through ‘corridors of power’ have not only compromised the very fundamentals of intellectual decency but are now in the process of subverting the study of history for personal ends and political expediency. Such lumpen intellectuals, as Lev Davidovich would say, belong in the ‘dustbin of history’. This is not a historical contradiction but dialectics to you!!}

          in

          Situating history and ‘The Historian’s Craft’
          by Sudharshan Seneviratne

          Professor of Archaeology, University of Peradeniya
          The Institutions of Ancient Ceylon from Inscriptions (from 3 century BC to 830 AD) Volume 1

          By Lakshman S Perera

          (Introduction and supplementary notes by Sirima Kiribamune and Piyatissa Senanayake)

          Published by the International Centre for Ethnic Studies, Kandy, Sri Lanka,

          322 pages and hard cover.

          http://www.island.lk/2001/08/04/

          • 1
            0

            Outdated History

            The 1965 PhD Student Mr. K. Indrapala

            It is surprising that, like many pseudo-scholars, even Mr. Bandu de Silva says, Indrapala has had no reasons to alter the pronouncements he made in his 1965 PhD though he came under heavy ethnic pressure to rewrite history as the facts had not changed.

            In any historical research, it is natural to change the views and assumptions, because up to now, we have no definite answers to so many unanswered questions in the fields of Archaeology, history, anthropology, epigraphy and etymology in Sri Lanka. Furthermore, daily we stumble across several new findings and they contribute to new historical vistas. Therefore, based on new facts, one’s earlier conclusion has to be compromised to adopt changes. History is a continuous process of investigation without any end in sight.

            For example, for the last 40 years, the Sinhalese Pseudo-historians and bogus scholars (charlatans) had been using the Tamil PhD student Mr. Karthigesu Indrapala’s 1965 PhD thesis which was not in favour of the Tamils as a guide in all their arguments/writings. When the well renowned and recognized former History professor of the Jaffna University, the same Prof. Karthigesu Indrapala retired from his profession after 30 years of research as a Senior Archaeologist/Historian/epigraphist and a University Don. Prof. K. Indrapala published a book in 2005; 40 years after his 1965 PhD thesis where he says his PhD dissertation is completely out of date that even he does not have a copy of his 1965 PhD thesis what he wrote 40 years ago as a PhD student. It is absolutely natural that people change their opinions upon new findings (not ethnic pressure) but the bogus scholars (charlatans) want to still continue to quote the obsolete theories what Indrapala himself has abandoned.

            This is what Prof K. Indrapala says about his 1965 thesis:

            I was planning my postgraduate research, the late Prof. W.J.F. LaBrooy, my revered teacher and, at that time, Head of the department of History at the University, advised me to research into the early history of the Tamils of Sri Lanka for my doctoral dissertation, as he considered this aspect to be a serious gap in the known history of the Island.

            The thesis was completed with the material that was available in the early 1960s.
            As long as excavation work remains undone, I pointed out; much that is relevant to our study will be wanting… Even the inscriptions and literary works that we have used have proved to be inadequate in the reconstruction of a satisfactory history of the settlements and in the solution of many important problems.

            The thesis was presented as the first major attempt to bring together all available evidence on the subject. THE FACT THAT IT WAS IN NO WAY A COMPLETE STUDY WAS ADMITTED. In view of these limitations and difficulties, while we may claim to have added something to our knowledge of the history of the Tamils of Ceylon, the account presented here is inevitably incomplete and not always definite. We have often been led to state our conclusions in hypothetical terms.

            NEEDLESS TO SAY, THAT DISSERTATION IS NOW COMPLETELY OUT OF DATE. MY OWN PERSPECTIVES AND INTERPRETATIONS HAVE CHANGED SINCE ITS COMPLETION.

            More importantly, significant developments, both in terms of archaeological research and changing historical perspectives, have taken place in the last four decades.

            • 3
              0

              Real Siva Sankaran

              I am referring to Prof K Indrapala’s book (2006) “The Evolution of an Ethnic Identity The Tamils in Sri Lanka C. 300 BCE To C. 1200 CE.” not his 1965 thesis.

              • 0
                0

                Native, paul
                HLD mxxx is far inferior to Damsel DR when it comes to pseudo history writing. I am quite bored arhhh

                • 2
                  0

                  Thanks Ken

                  Have a look at the article titled:

                  Kaddukkarai Archaeological studies which have ventured into a new path towards Misted Ancient History of Northern Sri Lanka

                  By

                  Professor P. Pushparatnam,
                  Archaeological Coordinator,
                  University of Jaffna

                  Kaddukkarai is a small village located near Vaddalkkandal

                  tamildiplomat.com

  • 5
    1

    Your argument that Sinhala Buddhist was the last king of Jaffna lacks basic logic. You accept that Modeliar Attapattu was defeated by Portugese just as Prabhakaran was defeated after controlling substantial parts of North and East for more than a decade before he was defeated in 2009. According to your logic one can say that Prabhakaran handed over the control of North and East of Srilanka to the Government in May 2009.

    I do not think any sane person would accept it.

    You state that Senaratt was made king in 1629 and Sinhalese forces were defeated in 1629 by Portugeese forces. So, how long King Senarat ruled Jaffna? a matter of days, weeks or months!!!

    Anyway, it is irrelevant who ruled Jaffna between 1619 and 1629. What is important now is to encourage reconciliation and unity among the races in SriLanka so that the country can have peace and prosperity for the benefit of all races.

    The country can prosper only when there is unity among its citizen. Look at the examples of Malaysia and Singapore!!

    So, please desist the temptation of creating division among the people by dishing out fictitious account of history.

  • 2
    0

    To the Mahindapalas,Edwin Rodrigos and Sachs of this forum,

    May 2017 deliver you all from your sad maladies, and open your eyes to love and peace!

    • 0
      0

      Lankan, you mean love and peace of the Pare Paharan brand? No thanks!

  • 2
    7

    Peace is not giving into the orphaned minorities unjustified and ridiculous demands!!!!

    It is time to tell the minorities to SHUT UP, PUT UP, INTEGRATE, OR GET OUT!!!!!

  • 3
    10

    Vignashwaran has told that Tamil students should learn Sinhala history and the Sinhala students should learn Tamil history. What that guy does not know is that there is no Tamil history or Sinhala history. There is only one history, that is history of Sri Lanka. History of Tamils is in Tamil Nadu. Vigi should tell Tamil students to learn history of Sri Lanka.

    Chaura Regina wants to change history books by deleting certain things that are not conducive to reconciliation. Why should we change our history books so that she can collect the pay check from her pay master.

    Among Sinhalese there is a saying ‘You can trust only the unborn Tamil and the dead Tamil’. A classic case to support this saying is Vignashwaran. He lived with Sinhalese in Colombo, held a top job in the Government and got his children married to Sinhalese. But as soon as he became a politician he started making anti-Sinhala statements. As long as there are Wellala Tamil politicians who brainwash ordinary Tamils with anti-Sinhala sentiments, forget about reconciliation.

    • 9
      2

      Among Sinhalese there is a saying ‘You can trust only the unborn Tamil and the dead Tamil’.

      what an odd saying… because the also kill unborn children and have sex with dead Tamil fighters.

      Basically the truth is they “fear” unborn Tamil and even the dead Tamil

      • 6
        1

        But most Sinhalese including Puran Appu from Moratuwa are descended from Tamils. What does this mean that they wish that they were not born or prefer to be dead? Either way the world will be a better place.

    • 3
      1

      The History of the island has Sinhalese and Tamil History racist. What has the Tamil history in Tamil Nadu got to do with the Tamil history in the island? They are interconnected to both the Tamil and Sinhalese history of the island, as most the so called Sinhalese monarchs aristocracy, as well as the Sinhalese people originated from Tamil Nadu.

      Vigneswaran is correct and you are being idiotic and racist. What has Vigneswaran’s Sinhalese daughters in laws got to do with this debate? Why is this a problem to your peas size racist brains? His sons fell in love with Sinhalese females and they also fell in love with his sons and got married. That is their personal and private life. Tamils and Sinhalese have been marrying into each other from ancient times, this is why the closest relatives to the Sri Lankan Tamils are not the Indian Tamils but the Sinhalese, especially the original Sinhalese with whom they share a 55% DNA. The Kandyans are far more closer to the original Sinhalese, as most of the low country Sinhalese are more or less descended from recent South Indian immigrant imports and they are even closer genetically to the Sri Lankan Tamils.
      What has Vignerswaran living in Colombo and holding a top job in the government got to do with this debate? Why are you jealous? You petty peas sized brain LankaWeb reading racist? Tamils are also citizens of the island and pay taxes for more in proportion than the Sinhalese. It is the hard work of the Tamil estate labourers not the Sinhalese that brings in one the island’s largest source of foreign exchange Tea. Sinhalese only loot and rape and want everything for themselves and think only they are entitled to everything in the island and not the Tamils or Muslims. They are only a cash cow for the Sinhalese but not entitled to anything. This is what is oozing from your stupid childish racist statement. Everything from the state jobs education etc only is for the Sinhalese and nothing for others and if they obtained it is not their right but some sort of charity from the Sinhalese state.
      Listen racist dumbf–k Tamils are equally entitled to everything as much as the Sinhalese. Vigneswaran got his high position through merit. Being a Tamil he would have been far better than his Sinhalese colleagues to have obtained his position.
      SO what if he lives in Colombo? Unlike the illegal state sponsored Sinhalese settlers in the north and east who are subsidised to live their by the government, on ethnically cleansed Tamil lands. Tamils and Muslim legally purchase lands in the south and in Colombo and build homes businesses, shops ETC and enhance and enrich the culture of these areas. Can you imagine Colombo or Kandy Galle without the Tamils and Muslims? The answer is no. Why because they enrich and enhance the lives of these areas and bring joy. However we can imagine the north and east without these Sinhalese settlers, as all they do there is bring misery to the lives of the Tamil and Tamil Muslim population there. They sit there on ethnically cleansed Tamil lands, their life style is heavily subsidised by the Sri Lankan state, from taxes largely obtained from Tamils and Muslims and less from Sinhalese. Not productive but indulge in rape loot and murder of the surrounding Tamil and at time Tamil Muslim villages. Lastly Colombo and the wester littoral was part of the Tamil home land at one time. The word Colombo is of Tamil origin. Same root as Kollam or Quilon in Kerala. Many place names around Colombo is of Tamil origin. Kotte, Pettah, Mattakuliya, Modera, Kotahena, Wellampitiya,Borella. The list goes on. The so called Sinhalese Catholic belt from Wattala to Chilaw was all Tamil a century or two ago. These Tamil Catholics have now changed their language and call themselves Sinhalese Catholics.
      Puran Appu is a Tamil name not Sinhalese. He originated from Moratuwa so would have been a Karawa of recent Tamil descent. Most Moratuwa Sinhalese ( other than the Portuguese mixed half castes) look typically South Indian

    • 6
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      Puran Appu

      “Why should we change our history books”

      Because it degrades Sinhalese people.

      Stupid is as stupid types.

  • 3
    1

    who is this Mahindapala?

    He does not know what happen before 100 years, then how can he write about what happen before 500 years?

    He must know G.G, and selvanayakam ( plesase note the correct nmae) are not archaeologist. They are corrupted political leaders cheated Tamils and saved for Sinhalese ( you will get to know if you just google it ” why G.G.ponnambalam was carried by sinhalaese from harbour to his home?”).

  • 4
    1

    My Dear Mahindapala- R.Perceival also states in his writing that Cingalease are decedents from near by Maldives islands and the religion practiced by the cingalease are also similar to Maldives religion.

    So there you go Cingalease are originally Muslims from Maldives.

    • 1
      5

      this itself is enough to get an idea abt the level of intelligence of this idiot

      • 1
        1

        I agree how can Mahindapala quote from such an idiot who claims Cingalease are descendants from Malidves?

        His theory about last king of Jaffna goes through the window.

  • 2
    1

    Encik Mahindapalan, the beady eyed Malay is pretending to be a Sinhalese. Just like me. Better write about the Pararajasekaram the Tamil king of Malacca who ruled over the land of his ancestors. Hitler was a Jew. Mahindapalan is a Malay. Like Hitler, he has to take extreme positions to convince himself that he is Sinhalese let alone convince others.

  • 9
    1

    Ado! Hadu Pala,
    You are talking through your *******!
    Do you know the last Kandyan King was a Tamil king. His Name was Sri Wickramarajasingam. If you want proof of this go to the London Main Library in Euston and you will also see his signature in Tamil, you idiot!
    Your English is very poor and had you had listened to the speeches of G.G Ponampalam or SJV you would have not understood the content at all as they spoke in perfect English.
    Finally if you are such a patriot then why are you hiding in Australia?
    Come to SL and serve the country, truthfully. I Know you very well Hadu Pala, you will not return.

    • 2
      0

      Exactly what rubbish about last king of Yarlpanam. What about the Thosai and Wadai. Did Sinhala King eat that?

  • 0
    2

    So a top executive who does a marvelous job and chooses to still work and do good in Sri Lanka came to the US to do a tour and training program at a top company in Seattle in 1998. People had not heard of Sri Lanka. He is a good friend of mine. So they wanted to know about Sri Lanka and he starts the spiel and talks about “Sri Lanka has a 2,500 year old civilization, we build reservoirs and massive cities etc. etc etc”. His white host family looks at him and says “look where you are now; what is the use of talking about all this history if you cannot get your shit together”? He came to visit me and stay with me after that. He said his face went red because it was the harsh truth.

    So what is the use of talking about X or Y ethno-linguistic group being superior or dominant when etc. Start from post Independent Ceylon and PRESENT demographics and reality. Reconciliation is a too way street and not just bending over to every ludicrous demand of every little special interest group. Majority needs to be magnanimous and minorities need to look at nations like Malaysia, Fiji, Trinidad to stop asking for 65% of the coastal area and 45% of the land mass for a 12% minority. No nation on earth will do that. You want to have your cake and eat it too and be selfish. Why do Tamils who go to France learn French? who go to Germany learn German and in both places work as janitors, petrol shed attendants, drug dealers, teachers all the way to highly successful award winning Scientists, Engineers and Doctors ?

    They also learn Lutheran religion in Norway as per laws there and they want this totally different set of laws for them in their native land? Why is so hard for us Tamils to learn Sinhala as the language of the majority and functioning languages? Is it because of racial superiority complexes and bigotry and the fact that we were treated as a special select class by the British? Why keep forcing people to use Tamil in the South but we do not reciprocate in the North? Why no Sinhala Signs for roads in the North but all street signs in Colombo have Tamil too? At this rate we all might force the USA and Canada to adapt Tamil too. Functioning languages in Canada are French and English not Tamil and we are fine with it . This is sheer arrogance.

  • 3
    0

    The last King of Jaffna or the Tamil kingdom of Jaffna

    Cankili II (Tamil: சங்கிலி குமாரன்) (died 1623) was the self-proclaimed last king of the Jaffna kingdom and was a usurper who came to throne with a palace massacre of the royal princess and the regent Arasakesari in 1617. His regency was rejected by the Portuguese colonials in Colombo, Sri Lanka. His reign was secured with military forces from the Thanjavur Nayaks and Malabari Corsairs. He was defeated by the Portuguese in 1619 and was taken to Goa and hanged. With his death the Aryacakravarti line of Kings who had ruled the kingdom for over 300 years came to an end.

    With the death of Ethirimana Cinkam in 1617, there were three claimants to the throne. One was Cankili II, a nephew of the king. The other the claimants were the king’s young son and a group of pro-Portuguese Mudaliyars. Eventually Cankili II became the king under the name Segarasasekaran VIII (1617–1619) through a palace massacre. As he was not able to get the Portuguese authorities in Mannar or Colombo to agree to his over rule and regency due to opposition for him from the pro Portuguese Mudaliars, he requested king Raghunatha Nayak to send military help and allowed the corsairs from Malabar to use a base in Neduntivu that posed a threat to Portuguese shipping through Palk Straight

    By June 1619, there were two Portuguese military expeditions to the Jaffna kingdom: a naval expedition that was repulsed by Khem Nayak and the Malabari corsairs, and a land expedition by Phillippe de Oliveira and his army of 5000, which was able to defeat Cankili.[2] Cankili’s remaining soldiers were beheaded by Portuguese, and Cankili himself was taken to Goa and hanged. The surviving members of the royal family were also taken to Goa and asked to become monks or nuns in the holy orders. Most obliged, and their celibacy avoided the production of further claimants to the Jaffna throne.

    The last independent Tamil kingdom to fall was the Vanni and the Tamil chief Pandara Vannian. Ironically the very same place the last stand for Tamil independence took place in 2009.

    Tamil Vanniar (Chieftain) of Vannimai
    The Last King of Vanni
    Reign
    1785 – 1803
    Successor
    British Rule
    Born:Vanni Sri Lanka
    Died
    31 October 1803 (Defeated by Lt. Von Driberg Katsilaimadu,at Sri Lanka.
    Full name:Kulasegaram Vairamuthu

    Dynasty: Vanniar

    Religion:Hinduism

    Sinhalese extremists and historians were trying to twist history and call Tamil Pandara Vannian Vanni Bandara and portray his as a brave Sinhalese Buddhist but this failed. They were backed by powerful sources. Now soon Mahindapala will write an essay stating Pandara Vanniyan was not a Tamil but Sinhalese Vanni Bandara.

    People thing this man is mad and nutty but there is a method in all this diabolic madness. He and a powerful Sinhalese extremist lobby that is backed by some very powerful people are now trying to rewrite history and claim all these ancient Tamil kings and chiefs as Sinhalese, in order deny the Eelam Tamil nation their right to their land and self determination and claim these ancient Tamil lands, as Sinhalese lands that were ruled not by Tamil kings and chiefs but by Sinhalese kings and chief, therefore the Tamils have no claim to anything. Everything belongs to the Sinhalese.
    They hide the fact that there was huge Tamil population living in the kingdom of Kandy not Indian but native( Demala hath pattuwa) and the court language of the kingdom of Kandy was Tamil as well as Sinhalese, as there are powerful legal implications in this. This is the reason many so called Sinhalese Kandyan chieftains signed the Kandyan convention in Tamil. This includes the ancestor of the late prime minister Srimavo Bandaranaicke , a well known anti Tamil. These kings of Kandy were of South Indian origin and were Tamil/Sinhalese. To their Tamil subjects they were Tamil and Hindu and to the Sinhalese subjects they were Sinhalese and Buddhist.

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      Too Much Masala Spoils the Food

      Sarama, why do you have to go on and on like this? Can’t you keep it brief? You know that too much Masala spoils the food. Sorry, this comment is not too much Masala but only Masala. No meat. Where is the meat? The meat is as scarce as those missing sounds of the Tamil language.

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    What Bullshit. What does it matter who the last King or Bumpkin was?

    Who was the first king? May be Veddah may be able to answer.

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      TA

      “May be Veddah may be able to answer.”

      Veddahs never had a king, it always has respected the Elders, the wise ones. It is a democratic human society.

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