22 January, 2021

Blog

The Last King Of Jaffna Was A Sinhala-Buddhist

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

Part of the crisis we are facing today was caused by either deliberately hiding the realities of history, or by political activists distorting it to suit expedient politics and partisan ideologies. Distorted history indeed played a central role in dividing the Sinhala-Tamil communities on ethnic lines. One of the main thrusts of peninsular politics was to distort Sri Lankan history and polarise the two communities to keep them apart on ethnic lines. It began with G. G. Ponnambalam who launched his political campaign in the thirties by targeting the Sinhalese and their history. He became the champion of the Tamils by delivering a nine-hour lecture to the Soulbury Commissioners in which he blamed “the Sinhala government” for “discriminating” against the Tamils. Neither he nor any of his successors who held the leadership of Jaffna stood for any progressive, liberal, socialist, or pluralistic political programmes for peaceful co-existence. They survived in politics by rousing communal passions in Jaffna against the Sinhalese. The usual litany of complaints against the Sinhalese, which began with Ponnambalam, was dismissed by the Soulbury Commissioners as stuff and nonsense, unsubstantiated by the available evidence.

But this did not stop him from attacking the Mahavamsa and Sinhala history. It is his distortions of history that caused the first Tamil-Sinhala riots in Nawalapitiya in 1939. His Sinhala rival, S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, thanked him for giving a boost to the newly formed Sinhala Maha Sabha which was established to counter anti-Sinhala racism. Since then the anti-Sinhala racism of Jaffna politics has been the regular diet fed to the people of Jaffna. It the scapegoat on which Jaffna politicians have been riding, partly to cover up their political sins of treating their own people as pariahs unfit for human society and partly to demonise the Sinhala-Buddhists – the indispensable political tool used consistently to gain political mileage both domestically and internationally.

A common feature of Jaffna politics is the refusal to assess Sri Lankan history objectively without looking at it through the coloured lenses of either Ponnambalam, or S. J. V. Chelvanayakam. The ultimate expression of anti-Sinhala racism was enshrined as the official history of Tamils in the Vadukoddai Resolution of 1976. Subsequently, it became the standard reference point for academics, NGOs pundits, researchers, social scientist and the whole caboodle of pro-separatist, or pro-devolution ideologues. Any factual or objective analysis of history that goes counter to the authorised version of Tamil politics throws the Jaffna Tamils off balance. Schooled essentially in the locally manufactured history they are utterly confused when confronted with any critical / scientific / objective history that questions the hand-woven history that were rolled out like home-made beedi for popular consumption.

Scholars, however, are not unanimous about the Vadukoddian version of mono-causal history, its geography, or its anti-Sinhala-Buddhist ideology that led the Tamils all the way to Nandikadal. The post-Vadukoddai image of Jaffna does not conform to the recorded facts in history. Besides, claims and counter-claims have obfuscated the history misleading the followers into paths of suicidal violence. For instance, the first known settlement of migrants of S. India which began in the thirteenth century in Jaffna is labelled by scholars under different classifications. Some say its a kingdom and others refer to it as a principality or as a feudatory. The combined geographical boundaries of the north and the east, which they claim to be their exclusive domain, have no historical basis nor demographic justification (there are more Tamils living with the Sinhalese than in their so-called “homeland”), except that they were drawn by the British who centralised the administration by dividing it into regional provinces. The Sinhala kings in the south, however, considered themselves to be the overlords of the entire island. It is in keeping with this doctrine that the King of Kotte ruled Jaffna with Sapumal Kumaraya (aka, Sembaperumal), his general, as the resident ruler of Jaffna.

King Senerat of Kandy, an ex-Buddhist monk, too considered Jaffna to be a part of his kingdom and when the Portuguese defeated Sankili II in 1619, he bided his time and sent Mudliyar Atapattu, one of his kinsman, with an army of five thousand soldiers, to capture Jaffna. There were, of course, strategic and economic reasons also for invading Jaffna. The advancing Sinhala forces swept into Jaffna with the people of Jaffna rallying behind the victorious Sinhala forces who captured Jaffna by driving out the Portuguese from the land. They were holed up in the confines of their fortress in Jaffna which was under siege by the forces of Atapattu. Fr. Queroz, the leading authority of the time wrote “…. the enemy (i.e, the Sinhalese) made himself master of the Kingdom unopposed.”

“So supreme seemed to be their success that the Kandyans even “tried to collect taxes”. This was the highpoint of the invasion. The Kandyans had advanced right up to the Jaffna Fort, the enemy’s innermost defences and encamped before it on the Pachellpallai plain.” – p.276, Kandy Fights the Portuguese, The Military History of Kandyan Resistance, C. Gaston Perera’s, Vijitha Yapa Publications, 2007.) Senarat’s claim to the Jaffna kingdom was strengthened by the marriage of his two sons to the Jaffna princesses in Tanjore against the wishes of the Portuguese who feared that a marriage alliance between the two kingdoms would be a certain threat to their security and stakes.

After Jaffna was handed over to the Portuguese un der the terms of the Nallur Convention, the people of Jaffna were oppressed cruelly by the occupation army of the Portuguese. Naturally, they rallied behind the invading Kandyan forces and went on the rampage, burning the hated symbols of Portuguese Churches. The triumphant Kandyan forces were emboldened by the mass support of the population. After the defeat of Sankilli II in 1619 the people of Jaffna were happy to accept the Sinhala forces (in 1629) as liberators. Fr. Bruno wrote that the Kandyan army “was joined by the whole kingdom.” (Fr. V. Perniola, The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka, Portuguese Period. ) So technically, legally, politically and militarily Senerat established himself as the last king of Jaffna by taking over power from the Portuguese in the last battle for Jaffna. His invasion of Jaffna, his conquest of Jaffna, grabbing power from the Portuguese, his being in total command of the territory, his imposition of taxes and, above all, the mass support he got from the people of Jaffna makes him the legitimate and acknowledged king of Jaffna.

The capture of Jaffna by King Senarat in 1629 is also recorded by Captain Ribeiro who wrote : “But while our (Portuguese) army was laying waste to the whole of that (Kandyan) kingdom, the General (Constantine de Saa) was advised that the King had sent five thousand chosen men to Jafanapatao under the command of Modeliar of his Atapata, the Captain of his personal bodyguard; he knew that that kingdom and fortress were feebly garrisoned, and that Felippe de Oliviera, who had brought it under the dominion of the Portuguese, was dead.” – (p. 87, The Historic Tragedy of the Island of Ceilao, Captain Joao Ribeiro, translated by Paul E. Peiris, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi. 1999). Clearly, this indicates that King Senerat, after calculating the political situation in Jaffna , had picked the right moment to strike. It was, as indicated by Ribeiro, the weakest moment of Portuguese rule in Jaffna. Fr. Queroz too had devoted a chunk of his history to the conquest of Jaffna. Referring to Modliyar Atapattu’s expedition to Jaffna he wrote : “This was the last battle in the conquest of Jaffna.”

The invasion and capture of Jaffna by Senerat blasts the politico-legal myth that the sovereignty of Jaffna was passed on to the Portuguese by the last king Sankilli II of Jaffna and, therefore, the British should have handed back sovereignty to his descendants, the Tamils. But history records that the last king of Jaffna was Senerat, a Sinhala-Buddhist King of Kandy, and not Sankilli II, though he was last king of Aryachakravarti dynasty. As Senerat was the last king to fight the last battle over Jaffna there could be no doubt that sovereignty passed over finally from the Sinhala king to the Portuguese. The conquest of Jaffna by Senerat’s forces in 1629 negated the validity of the Nallur Convention in which Jaffna handed over power to the Portuguese in 1619. The fate of Jaffna was settled finally in “last battle” fought by Senerat and not at the Nallur Convention.

When Mudliyar Attapattu was holding Jaffna the Portuguese general Constantine de Saa had to send two columns from the south to challenge him and regain Jaffna for the Portuguese King. Even though Mudliyar Atapattu held Jaffna for a brief while, history records that sovereignty finally passed over to the Portuguese only after the defeat of Mudliyar Attapattu on Jaffna soil. The victory of Mudliyar Attapatu makes Senarat the last king of Jaffna. And the defeat of Mudliyar Atapattu establishes that sovereignty was regained by the Portuguese only after defeating him. There is serio-comic irony in this historical event : the last King of Jaffna was a Sinhalese and the last king of the Sinhalese was a Tamil. Such are the twists and turns of history which mock the pompous racial assumptions of extremists.

Accepting the historical truths as recorded by reliable eye-witnesses is indispensable to draw accurate conclusions from history. The pro-Tamil lobby had laboured indefatigably to comb every nook and corner of history to extract evidence to prove that Jaffna belongs to them exclusively. One of the main arguments is based on the Nallur Convention in which they claim that power was handed over by the Tamils to the Portuguese. From this point they trace a line of power flowing from Tamils to the Portuguese and from Portuguese to the Dutch and from the Dutch to the British. From this chain of events they conclude that the British should have handed over power to them instead of handing it over to the Sinhalese because it was the Tamils who handed over power to the Portuguese. But the historical events, as recorded by the Portuguese historians, confirm that the Sinhala King recaptured Jaffna and the decisive and final transfer power took place only after the Portuguese reclaimed Jaffna by defeating the Sinhala forces. So the ultimate transfer of power took place when the Sinhalese lost Jaffna to the Portuguese in the last battle for Jaffna in 1629 and not when the Tamils lost it to them in 1619.

The Nallur agreement signed with the Portuguese has no relevance to the transfer of power because after the conquest of Jaffna by Senarat the Nallur Agreement had no validity under the new political dispensation of the Kandyan King. The conquest of Jaffna by Senerat superseded the previous arrangements with the Tamil kings. As the last king of Jaffna it was his word that reigned supreme in the destiny of Jaffna. This emphasizes the prime necessity of establishing historical truths to prevent falsifications of history and, more importantly, to trace the proper sequence of events without hiding relevant historical facts for political gain. The validity of the Tamil claim to a separate state based on their argument that sovereignty of Jaffna was passed over to the Portuguese by the Tamil king loses legitimacy and credibility when tested against the eye-witness records of the Portuguese historians. A nation does not deserve to be divided on fictitious history.

One other point that is noteworthy is that in the officials records of the Portuguese, Dutch and the early 19th century British there wasn’t a community known as the Tamils. The Jaffna Tamils were consistently branded as Malabaris. There were no Tamils, per se, in the known records until late in the 19th century. Here is an example from the British records : “There is no part of the world where so many languages are spoken or which contains such mixture of nations, manners and religions. Besides Europeans and Cingalese, the proper native of the island, you meet scattered all over the town almost every race of Asiatic : Moors of every class, Malabars, Travancorins, Malays, Hindoos, Gentoos, Chinese, Persians, Arabians, Turks, Maldivians, Javians and Natives of all the Asiatic isles. Parsees or worshippers of fire, who would sooner have their houses burnt and themselves perish in the flames than employ any means to extinguish it. There are also a number of Africans, Cafrees, Buganese, mixed race of Africans and Asiatic; beside the half-castes, people of colour and other races which proceed from a mixture of the original ones. Each of these different class of people has its own manners, customs and language.”

This was written in 1803 by R. Perceival in his book, An Account of the Island of Ceylon, (London 1803, pp. 114-115). What is striking in Perceival’s report is the absence of Tamils in this account. The absence of a racial group established as Tamils from the early colonial records is puzzling. However, it is wrong to conclude that the Tamils were not there. Even the Mahavamsa records the prevalence of the Tamils (Demalas). The reference to Tamils comes into prominence mainly in the British records of the late 19th century, particularly after the censuses which classified the people according to races. The Portuguese and the Dutch classified them essentially as Malabaris.

In the early colonial periods, however, the influx of S, Indian migrants from Malabar and Travancore must have overshadowed the native Tamils. Besides, the “Tamil consciousness” which rides high, overdetermining current politics, could not have been in existence in the early colonial periods. As shown earlier, the records do not even recognise Tamils as a communal entity. The rise of Tamils as a political force, driven by the Saivite-casteist forces forged in its insular past, is clearly a post-British phenomenon. This development has a history of its own which has to be explored more thoroughly to disentangle the interweaving threads of north-south relations that worsened inter-ethnic relations. The rise of “Tamil consciousness”, in its most virulent form, emerging from nowhere, as it were, has been a decisive factor in the 20th century and, oddly enough, our social scientists have ignored this aspect in analysing the Tamil past that went awry.

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  • 10
    4

    The List of Jaffna Monarchs is here.
    All were Tamils.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Jaffna_monarchs

    • 3
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      Those are TamilNaduized Singhala names!

      Tell me at least one Tamil today having even part of those names? NONE!

      But there are Singhala people with those names.

      • 3
        2

        Fathima F…………

        Have you not heard of the Tamil Sons from the ancient times did not take up the Grand fathers or Great Grandfathers names???
        Unlike Sinhala Christians / Buddhists (. Whose names have metamorphed into totally unconnected to the families) or Muslim names as they follow their so called Family names.

        That is the reason the name of The Tamil King Sangilian or King Ellalan or any other ancient Tamil king’s names had not been seen among present day Tamils nor in the Past Era.
        There must have been a REASON FOR NOT FOLLOWING UP THE NAMES ! And why???
        Simply the GRAND SONS FROM THE BLOOD LINE DID NOT CARRY THE GRAND FATHERS NAMES.
        That is the reason the men’s line of ancestral names were not FOLLOWED UP.
        THATS THE HISTORY OF NAMING TAMIL CHILDREN, or the Male child.

        I HAVE NO IDEA WHY THE TAMILS DID NOT TAKE UP THEIR BLOOD LINE NAMES BUT I KNOW THE
        MODERN DAY NAMES TO SUIT THE TIME OF THE ERA HAD BEEN GIVEN TO BOY CHILDREN THUS THE TAMIL KING’ s NAMES DIED WITH THEM FOR SURE.

        But we know the names of the Tamil kings have been used in Sinhala names With a TWIST!!

        King Ellara or King Rajasinghe and many more Tamil names had been assimilated within Singhala Names.

        • 1
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          Of course they didn’t take the name of their mother’s husbands.

          How can they!

      • 6
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        Mahinthapala fits the definition below prefctly:

        We do not live in a “post-truth” world, neither in the Middle East nor in the West – nor in Russia, for that matter. We live in a world of lies. And we always have lived in a world of lies.

        From Mahavamsa onwards Sri Lanka is living in a world of lies.

        No wonder the author is like Trump and the Brexiters who thrive on spreading lies.

      • 7
        1

        Lots of Sinhalese people with the same names. This means you admit to the fact lots and lots of Sinhalese people have a Tamil origin? Good

        • 0
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          Really Sarama, Your sarama has dropped exposing your — no nothing –let us forget it.

          Just tell me why you Tamils want to be associated with us? Perhaps for respectability?

          I am sorry, but we want to dissociate from you as much as possible. Do I have to explain why?

      • 1
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        Fathima F,
        If you are really interested in finding out, just Google “Vickramasinghapuram”, “Kulasekharapuram” ,”Pathmanabhapuram” and “Panathure”. You might want to ask how these Sinhala place names turned up in South India.

    • 8
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      justice

      “The Last King Of Jaffna Was A Sinhala-Buddhist”

      Could anyone confirm the following members of Royal family were Sinhala Buddhists:

      GEORGE VI 1936 – 1952

      EDWARD VIII June 1936 – abdicated December 1936

      GEORGE V 1910 – 1936

      EDWARD VII 1901 – 1910

      VICTORIA 1837 – 1901

      WILLIAM IV 1830 – 1837

      GEORGE IV 1820 – 1830

      GEORGE III 1760 – 1820

    • 4
      1

      Hello HLD you seems to have just woke up:

      The Last King of Jaffna was a Tamil. Here is an extract from the archives.

      Warning This extract is not from fake web sites

      According to a well established sources closer to the Government The last King of Jaffna was a Tamil by the name of Velupillai Prabaharan (VP in short).

      VP was well respected among senior leaders of the South’s defence forces. VP fought the Indian invaders IPKF and chased them away from the Island. During the IPKF war VP and his band of fighters were worshiped even in the south.

      The International community took interest in VP as VP has built an impressive army, naval force and air force. His organisation was hailed by the IC as one of the best and disciplined fighters.

      The Island’s South could not stomach VP’s success among the IC and even among the South. History is repeated itself with treachery and back stabbing.

      The final days of VP is shrouded in mystery and his death is a state kept secret.

      The Island’s Sinhala South is now embarking on a mission to wipe out all evidence of existence of VP and his band of army.

    • 2
      1

      The last king of Toilets was from Kindipala’s Kingdom of Medda Mullana named as king of Thieves.

    • 0
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      Call them Monarchs? A bunch of thugs & murders like your Prabhakaran. Enough said.

    • 1
      1

      Why does not it mention anyone before 12AD?

  • 6
    4

    History of Sri Lanka is here:-

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Sri_Lanka#Transitional_period_.281232.E2.80.931594.29

    The history of Jaffna Kingdom is part of above.

    • 6
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      Wikipedia?

      Seriously?

      BTW I just now changed the history in Wikipedia!! Check it out.

      • 5
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        Did you get your definition of tribelism from Wikipedia?

  • 13
    3

    Dear King of RABBLE ROUSING – heavens sake, LEAVE US PLEASE SOME GOOD TIMES AT LEAST THIS WONDERFUL DAY OF THE YEAR – WITH NEW YEAR EVE AND CELEBRATIONS WAITING; WE DONT WANT YOU TO PUMP AN ANOTHER SET OF RACIAL THOUGHTS INTO US. We are fed up of being fed with racial thoughts by your and your supporters in this country.

    In the dawn year, please go and see your psychologist for your long sickness, which is RACISM AND Promoting RACISM is packed in you.
    Nobody with a healthy mind WOULD EVER want to share the thoughts with you….. we are fed up of getting the kind from you on a consecutive manner.
    Have a break .. and see to become a healthy person – this is my New year wish to you.
    Happy new year – The words “HUMAN RIGHTS” came into being recently but before that this aspect was well looked after by our religion Buddhism, where it teaches compassion, love not only of human beings but all living beings in the animal kingdom – “Siyalu Sathwayo Niduk Wethwa, Neerogi Wethwa” –”may all living beings be happy and healthy”.

  • 18
    5

    The first king of America was a Sinhala Buddhist!
    The first king of Rome was a Buddhist Sinhala!
    The first god of world was a Sinhala Buddhist!

    • 5
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      Ajith

      “The first god of world was a Sinhala Buddhist!”

      Champika Ranawake believes the first ape spoke Sinhala and practiced Sinhala/Buddhism.

      What do you have to say about Champika’s believe?

      • 0
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        The First Lion spoke Sinhala and practiced Lionism (kill other animals and eat). It is the believe Champika hold and they continue until now.

    • 0
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      No..we dont want others countries , we just need Sinhala homeland ,our beloved island

  • 12
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    If you go further back in history,We(Singhalese and Tamils) all came from Malabar and walked across to Ceylon (no Palk Strait those days)We all were Dravidians. Singhalese written script and Malayalam (Kerala) script is very similar. We(Dravidians) were all over South Asia.

    HLDM, please go back 10,000 years, do some research and write some articles as to how Singhalese and Tamils were living happily as one those days?

    • 3
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      When they arrived from what is now Malabar it was Tamil Chera Nadu and modern day Kerala. Basically both people are similar to the ancient Chera Tamils, whose modern descendants are the Malayali.

  • 9
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    The most interesting piece of this article is:
    ” the last King of Jaffna was a Sinhalese and the last king of the Sinhalese was a Tamil. Such are the twists and turns of history which mock the pompous racial assumptions of extremists.”

    • 2
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      He was no Tamil. He was from Andra. A seperate country called Andra Pradesh. Tamil country is called Tamil Nadu.

      • 2
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        Do you know how many Million Tamils living in AP?

        • 2
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          Do you know how many million Tamils living in Srilanka?

          Many people live outside their homeland. It is normal.

          • 1
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            Do you know how many million Muslims living in Saudi Arabia? Many people live outside their homeland, such as in Sri Lanka. It is normal

            Now you know how stupid you sound.

            Because its called England doesn’t mean the homeland of Americans who speak English are England. The name of the state is called ‘Tamil Nadu.’ The notion of the homeland doesn’t change if you change the state name of the state ‘blabla’.

            • 0
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              Muslims in Srilanka have become Srilankan. They don’t try to create a mini Tamil Nadu in SL and beg for political solutions (or die begging them).

              • 3
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                Haha Tamils in AP are not Indians ? They want a seperste state in AP? Haha you are a joke

      • 1
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        “He was no Tamil but from Andhra.” Nasty Tamil hating Muslim women, with the fake photo,whose low caste converted Hindu Tamil ancestors originated from Tamil Nadu.
        He was not from Andhra but from Madurai Tamil Nadu and his mother tongue was Tamil and not Telugu. When the British banished him and his family, they settled in Vellore Tamil Nadu and not in some part of Andhra, where he and his children were buried.

        His ancestors may have been of Telugu origin but had lived in the Tamil country for more than 800 years and now hardly spoke Telugu and considered themselves Tamils. Just like Tamil nationalist Vaiko, actor Vijayakant,Packiarajah, actress Sri Devi, all these people are of Kapu/Nayaka origin but now consider themselves Tamil. If they speak Telugu it will be some pigeon form of Telugu.

        Tamils and Telugus are Dravidian people speaking similar languages and have no problem, generally with each other and similar Tamil and Telugu castes inter marry into each other.

        Sri Wikrama Rajasinghe alias Ka’n’nuch-chaami, the last king of Kandy, from whom the British captured the sovereignty of the last remaining kingdom in the island then called Ceylon, was remembered by his heirs and relatives in Tamil Nadu at his memorial in Vealoor (Vellore) in Tamil Nadu on his 181st death anniversary on Monday. Those who claim and uphold ‘unitary’ sovereignty over the entire island today never care for the king, who fought against colonialism for native sovereignty last remaining in the island, just because he was belonging to the Mathurai Naayakka dynasty of Tamil-Telugu origin.

        In 1815, the invading British captured Sri Wikrama Rajasinghe and his queen after a brutal war. Later, the chieftains of Kandy signed a treaty with the invaders, agreeing for the transfer of sovereignty to the British Crown.

        The Royal family was then taken to British India and was imprisoned at the Fort of Vealoor (Vellore) in Tamil Nadu. The Vellore fort was also once belonging to the dynasty of Wikrama Rajasinghe, originating from the Vijayanagara Empire.

        The king died on 30 January 1832, at Vellore and was buried at the bed of the river Paalaa’ru, nearby. His queen Saaviththiri Devi and children were also buried at the same place after their death later.

        The crown, throne and other royal regalia taken by the British to London were later returned to Ceylon and they are now in the display of Colombo Museum. The personal items used by the imprisoned king, such as his dice-game set etc., could be found inThe birth name of the king was Ka’n’nuch-chaami. Another contender for the throne of Kandy from the same family, by the name Muththuch-chaami, was patronized by the British who kept him in Va’n’naar-pa’n’nai in Jaffna in the locality where the Kilner Building stands now. The British who wanted to appease Wikrama Rajasinghe after their defeat in an earlier war, presented him the head of Muththuch-chaami on a platter.

        However, in Sinhala historiography, the English version that Wikrama Rajasinghe was a tyrant became easily accepted and the highlight was the king brutally torturing and killing the family of a Sinhala chieftain for treason.

        The English historiography found it convenient to justify the transfer of sovereignty, citing tyranny of the Naayakka king on the Kandyans.
        The story of Wikrama Rajasinghe became folklore in Tamil in the 19th century itself. Early plays by the name of Ka’ndi Raajan Kathai, and in the form of Kooththu theatre, were composed and performed at Mathurai in Tamil Nadu as early as in the late 19th century.

        The English historiography found it convenient to justify the transfer of sovereignty, citing tyranny of the Naayakka king on the Kandyans.

        For your information 30% of the population of Rayaseelama area in Andhra still speak Tamil at home. All these areas surrounding Tamil Nadu were Tamil and associated with the Tamils and this included Thirupathi. When the British established the Madras presidency and Madras( now Chennai) as its capital. Telugus migrated in their millions and occupied these areas to be close to Madras city and what is now Tamil Nadu, where all the economic activity took place. Therefore when they divided the former Madras presidency into linguistic states, these areas were given to Andhra as they then had a Telugu majority , as the native Tamils had become a minority in these areas.

    • 4
      4

      The last king of the Sinhalese was a Tamil but the last king of the Tamils was not a Sinhalese but a Tamil. Go and read history properly. This man’s articles is only good for those Lankaweb idiots. They will gobble up this nonsense.

  • 11
    3

    ah here goes the comedian once more

    pls sir do renounce your Australian citizenship and come serve your motherland if not pls shut up

  • 5
    3

    That was Portuguese time. Well, well ladies and gentlemen, two hundred years later, the kingdom in Kandy had a kallathoni (Tamil) king: Kannasamy Nayakan (1798-1815).

    By extension of Mr Mahindapala’s thesis, Tamil Eelam should be in the central hills of Sri Lanka — a some 25 mile radius land-locked state with Peradeniya as its capital. Hooray!

  • 7
    3

    Thoughts of “Mahawamsa” HLD Mahindapala “The Last King Of Jaffna Was A Sinhala-Buddhist”

    Second thoughts of HLD M “At that time the earth was flat and Australia did not exist.”

  • 9
    3

    Mahinda’s Pala just scored an own goal.
    :-)

  • 10
    3

    Oh god give me a strength, This Nutty must be got his brain in his nuts….god bless sinhala budhist fools…

  • 9
    4

    Last cardboard king srilanka has ever produced is Mahinda Rajakashe.

    To this date, the person has become the laughing stock to many in and out of the country.

    After his rule, there will be no any kind of monarchies. All doors will open to see every srilankens being equal. If people would not realize it, the future of the youth will be in danger.

    This stupid WRITER would not also live eternal to spread the kind of tales related to racism, cast system and this time about the power of sinhala kings according to him to have been in the country etc.

  • 8
    3

    With the dawn of 2017, let s hope the best MahindaPALA and Dayan Jayathilaka to be free from all devious thoughts that will divide the torn nation further.

    I did not go to read his idiosyncratic verbal diarrhea but what became clear is this man seem not chaning an inch towards a world-free from RACISM.
    The best remain to us all is to work collectively for reconciliation to turn into reality. That is my wish. All the best and happy new year everyone.

  • 5
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    [Edited out] To cut short, there was no Tamil kingdom in Jaffna, there was no Sankili II. Jaffna was always run either by Kandyan or Kotte kingdom.

    • 3
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      On the same logic, there was no Sinhala Kingdom in Kandy or Kotte. There was no Dutugemunu or Parakramabahu. Srilanka was always run either by Pandya or Chola kingdom

  • 1
    0

    [Edited out]

    • 0
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      Nadarajah A

      What have you written to be sent to the naughty corner by CT??
      Please be careful next time not to waste our space on CT!!!!

  • 9
    2

    HLDM/KAS – “Part of the crisis we are facing today was caused by either deliberately hiding the realities of history, or by political activists distorting it to suit expedient politics and partisan ideologies. “

    Spoken like a true “political activist distorting it (history) to suit expedient politics and partisan ideologies”!

    Your support and defense of the Rajapakses just goes to validate your opening statement!

    The rest of your content must surely be trying to bolster your chauvinist view, so there’s no point in wading through it.

    Old lapdogs never give up, they just keep on keeping on!

  • 9
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    The Last King Of Jaffna Was A Sinhala-Buddhist, and his name is Pala! Mahinda Pala!!!

  • 6
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    As usual vadukodai,SJV,GG,jaffna elite.. . Is this really helpful for the crucial moment.you wants Aussie citizenship after all our old ancestors paid the tax for your education.

    I heard Arumuga Navallar also Sinhalese,the world is changing look at the neighbouring countries,education,economy,living standard,corruption every where,

    Write something how we can live together,surely you would have come across different ethnic communnies in Oz and how the system works.

    Keep in touch with Gunarsa take the country backwards,leasing 300 acres of land for 99 yrs for new arrivals of Buddhists.does any one have clue what the Chinese are upto.

    Sell the land mothers and sisters go and see how many brothels are running in the holy land,you would say it’s run by LTTE may be another subject for you.

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      Kugan:

      Tamils living here never migrated via the palk straight. They lived for ever in Sinhale. Then the question comes why Tamils united over Tamil which they don’t speak once they migrate to west.

      Another question is why Tamils leave Tamilnadu even when they are refugees in there for decades.

      Can any Tamil explain why Sinhala people are not moving to Tamilnadu ?

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        Haha why would Tamil Nadu accept BBS terrorists?

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    Well, the Tamil problem fails a rational explanation at many levels. So that is why in order to understand you need to put oneself in their shoes.

    It will be hard to convince a Korean not to eat dog meat. Its considered a delicacy and part of their culture. Its an emotional connection no logic can sway.

    Similarly, given a choice of letting go of their caste system and 60 years of war and famine, they will choose the latter. This is what they have done.

    The following quote by “Ramal Rante” is quite poignant.

    /*

    ITAK is quite aware the centre-left SLFP offer a better proposition to the low-caste Tamils. They build a psychological fence around the Tamil electorate fear mongering about “Genocide” in order to stop Tamils fleeing their control.

    Hypothetically speaking if the SLFP agrees with the ITAK not to compete with them for the low-caste Tamil electorate the conflict ends.

    Click on “De Silva” above for more!

    */

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    HLDM
    Does that make him a better person? In UK we judge a man or a politican,even king by his actions not by ones religion. We call our selves Budhists,Christians or whatever in SL but the selfish and intolerant way the people drive on our roads in the island says that their not people with a religion they claim to be.
    But in UK an average person never follow a religion but they make the country a tolerant, decent and a civilized place to live. So putting a religion label doesn’t mean any thing these days. So don’t label person with a religion as it mean nothing but to manipulate and deceive people.
    So tell our conniving and thieving politicians to attend to their work for which people have elected but not to deceive people by attending places of religion and deceitfully robbing the country and indulging in luxuries.
    So who cares what are past kings were as they never did much for the suffering people in the land. This true in all countries where their past rulers and kings were tyrants and roughs.

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    H. L. D. Mahindapala

    RE:The Last King Of Jaffna Was A Sinhala-Buddhist

    Did you mean , The Last King Of Jaffna Was A Para-Sinhala-Buddhist and not a Para-Demala (Tamil) Hindu?

    Why are there hardly any Tamil Buddhists in Sri Lanka?

    What did the Buddha preach?

    Why do the Sinhala “Buddhists” want to kill, especially the Tamils? Dis Buddha say anything about that?

    Is Sinhala “Buddhism” and Insult to Buddhism?

    Remember, who the Paras are in the Land of Native Veddah Aethho.

    Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations

    http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html

    Is Mahawamsa an Insult to The Buddha?

    What is your take?

    Mahavamsa- An Insult To The Buddha! By Sharmini Serasinghe

    https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/mahavamsa-an-insult-to-the-buddha/

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      Amarasiri, most of the commentators are පර දෙමල’s with පර සිංහල names. So no one should be fooled by the names.

      Anyway whether you are පර සිංහල or පර දෙමල’s, Happy New Year to You All! May you all have a good time commenting in the coming year.

      • 2
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        EDWIN RODRIGO and other Paras,

        Happy New Year to All Paras, Paradeshis, in the Land of Native Veddah Aethhoo, despite All the Destruction and Killings done in the Land based on Myths, Lies, and Imaginations, by the Para-Sinhala, Para-Tamils, Para-Muslims, Para-Portuguese, Para-Dutch, Para-English, Para-Chinese, Para-Arabs etc..

        So far, 80% of the Land of the Native Veddah Aethho and the Environment have been destroyed by the Paras.

        Paras, that is enough. Just get back to your Para-Homeland, India, Bharat, Damba-Diva, and Wish you a Happy New Year there on Your Homeland.

        The Vedda Tribe

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f89NuukY32U&t=38s

        and the Tamil-speaking Veddas

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HeFCuZwexRw&t=40s

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          Para Amarasiri
          Where are we going??? To the land of Ching Chong Para Shang Hee Ho Mao ???

          Happy Newyear to you all Paras!!!! THE DESCENDANTS OF PARA INDIAN KINGS NAMELY TAMILS SINGHALAS, DESCENDANTS OF PORTUGUESE , DUTCH, MALAYS, THE FERNANDOS, NAYAKES, PERERAS, FONSECAS, MALAYALI PAKSHAS , PARA CHRISTIANS TURNED PARA BUDDHISTS AND ALL THE OTHERS

          GIVE PEACE A CHANCE IN OUR LAND CALLED SRI LANKA., THAMBAPANE, ELANGKAI, AND SO ON.

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          This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

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    The last king of Lanka was a Tamil/Telugu Hindu, right?

    There is no confusion about the rule of Jaffna by the southern kings. Even Lankan kings took their armies to fight in South India. But, the fact remains that the whole island was ruled by Tamil kings and Sinhala Buddhist chauvinists continue to cover that up and try to rewrite the history.

    /Besides Europeans and Cingalese, the proper native of the island, you meet scattered all over the town almost every race of Asiatic :/

    Yeah yeah proper native of this island! Are they not Aryans then? Shame shame…

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    Last King of the Kandyan kingdom was Tamil.

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      So what these para individuals don’t have anything better

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      No he was an ANDRA guy.

      Andra Pradesh supported Singhalams again in 2008 by transporting weapons to them bypassing Tamil country (Tamil Nadu).

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        So what ?

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        During Sri Vikrama Rajasinha’s reign, Tamil was used as one of the court languages in Kandy – a historical fact with implications for the present-day politics of Sri Lanka.

        He did not use Telugu as he was not a Telugu but an ethnic Tamil whose ancestors migrated from the Telugu country centuries ago. This is the reason many of the so called Sinhalese Kandyan chiefs signed the Kandyan convention in Tamil and this includes the ancestor of anti Tamil Srimavo Bandaranaike nee Ratwatte. He signed his name as Ravathai this was later Sinhalised to Ratwatte to make them Sinhalese. She hated Tamil but her great grand father signed in Tamil and used his Tamil name Ravathai.

        Andhra Pradesh like Tamil Nadu are states in India and will not be allowed to export arms to any country, only the Indian government can do this. It would have been the Indian central government and not the state government of Andhra Pradesh that would have exported the arms to Sri Lanka to support the Sinhalese racists to commit genocide. We all know that. They used ports and military bases in Andra Pradesh and Kerala to do this and did not use Tamil Nadu This does not mean the Telugu or Malayali were actively supporting the Sinhalese racists. Certain sections of them may have like even certain Indian Tamils also like Subrmania Swamy, the late Cho. Hindu Ram, Mani Shankar Iyer etc. Stop posting nonsense. I have a strong feeling you are a Sinhalese racist posting under a Muslim identity and using a fake photo. You are doing this deliberately to create mischief.

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          Siva Sankaran

          ” During Sri Vikrama Rajasinha’s reign, Tamil was used as one of the court languages in Kandy”

          Yeah, they used Tamil in the Kandyan King’s court to talk to the Tamil coolies cleaning toilets.

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            Who all later became ardent Sinhalese Buddhists like your ancestors

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            Edward Upali

            “Yeah, they used Tamil in the Kandyan King’s court to talk to the Tamil coolies cleaning toilets.”

            When did your ancestors stop talking in Tamil and convert to Sinhala/Buddhism?

            Are you from Mahaiyawa?

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      Thanos

      “Last King of the Kandyan kingdom was Tamil.”

      Last King of the Kandyan kingdom was a Para-Tamil.

      Pandara Nayakas, ancestors of SWRD Bandaranayake, were Para-Tamils and they became Bandara-Nayakes,

      Same with many Para-Sinhala.

      Just test their DNA. They all are Paras in the Land of Native Veddah Aethho.

      Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.

      http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html

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    Dear MahindaFala, the King of discord and King among Racists,

    Kindly shut up and get to your corner, lie down and stay there.

    We were managing quite nicely, without your two cents’orth.

  • 3
    11

    Last King of Jaffna Was a Tamil

    Mr. Mahindapala, I love your articles because most of them speak the plain truth, which is unpalatable to many. But what you say in this article is a huge mistake.

    The Last King of Jaffna was a Tamil. He was short, fat and perfectly round. His name was Prabhakaran but because ba, bha and ha are among the myriad of useful sounds missing in the Tamil alphabet, he was called Pirapakaran by the Tamils.

    Unfortunately he was mercilessly shot dead by a Sinhala Buddhist Army Private in the Nanthikathal lagoon, while begging for mercy. It was a human rights violation of Grade 1.

    He was definitely not a Sinhala-Buddhist because Sinhala Buddhists never beg like that.

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      How are your Tamil Catholic Paravan cousins in Tamil Nadu. You yourself stated that your Rodirgo Paravan Appa was a Catholic who converted to Buddhism . Now beating the Sinhalese Buddhist Drum here.

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      Edward,

      The previous ‘King’ of Sinhala Rata was Mahinda Rajapakse.

      Can you please describe him as a record for history?

      Dr.RN

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        Mahinda Era for Posterity

        NR, Here is how I want Mahinda Rajapakse’s story to be recorded in Mahavamsa:

        Starting in Year 2550 a Prince called Mahinda Rajapakse ascended the throne of Sri Lanka. He was known to be a thief, murderer and a thug. But a thug was exactly what was needed at that time to destroy a megalomaniacal monster called Maha Pare Paharan who was running riot in the North, East and Vanni.

        It was a repetition of the Dushta Gamini (Villain Gamini) era where Dushta Mahinda RAjapakse, together with his 10 Giant Warriors (Yodhayas) given below, erased off the face of Earth, Maha Pare Paharan’s marauding band of terrorists, challenging the prevailing theory that terrorism cannot be destroyed using force.

        Dushta Mahinda Rajapakse – Dushta Gamini Abhaya

        1. Field Marshall Sarath Fonseka – General Nandi Mithra
        2. Gothabhaya Rajapakse – Gotaimbara (Gota the Short)
        3. Major General Kamal Gunaratne – Sura Nimala
        4. Major General Neil Dias – Manabharana
        5. Major General Shavendra Silva – Velusumana
        6. Rev. Galgoda Aththe Gnanasara – Thera Puttabhaya
        7. G.L. Peiris – Mahasona මහාසෝන (not to be confused with the corpse eating devil Mahasohona මහසොභොනා)
        8. Minister Mervyn Silva – Vasabha (Supposed to be the most handsome giant)
        9. Minister Maithripala Sirisena – Phussadeva ඵුස්සදේව (Not to be confused with පුස්සදේව as in පුස්වෙඩිල්ල)
        10. Minister Wimal Weerawansa – Khanjadeva ඛන්ඪදේව (not to be confused with කන්ඩදේව)

        Dushta Mahinda Rajapakse, as the name implies, is not exactly what one may call a Panchaseela observing Buddhist. He is said to be a thief, murderer and thug. But he was the best thug available at that time to do the job and we all owe our lives to this man.

        He is said to have stolen or misused US$ 2 billion over 10 years from state coffers. That works out as 34 Sri Lanka Rupees per day person at the present currency rates and the Price of a 1/3 of a Masala Vade at Yahapalana prices. I don’t know about you guys, but I think it was a bargain.

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          EDWIN RODRIGO

          “Dushta Mahinda Rajapakse, as the name implies, is not exactly what one may call a Panchaseela observing Buddhist. He is said to be a thief, murderer and thug. But he was the best thug available at that time to do the job and we all owe our lives to this man.”

          Yes, it takes one Dhustaya, yo overcome the other Dhustaya.

          The problem was that the Dhustaya turned on the people and the Field Marshall Sarath Fonseka.

          MaRa MaTa ChaTu MaRa
          MaRa MaRa AmaNa MaRa
          MaRa Maa HoRa MaRa
          MaRa MaRa DhusTa MaRa

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            Amarasiri,

            Is this some sort of Mantra. Every time you type that MR seems to be getting a dose of testosterone. On whose side are you, man?

            MaRa MaTa ChaTu MaRa
            MaRa MaRa AmaNa MaRa
            MaRa Maa HoRa MaRa
            MaRa MaRa DhusTa MaRa

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              EDWIN RODRIGO

              “Is this some sort of Mantra. Every time you type that MR seems to be getting a dose of testosterone. On whose side are you, man?”

              This will exorcise those who were infected by MaRa. If it does not work, try singing the Jaya Mangala Gatha in the Original Pali, not Para-Sinhala. Singing the Jaya Mangala Gathan in Sinhala seem to have no effect on those infested by MaRa MaRa Chatu MaRa AmaNa MaRa.

              Jaya Mangala Gatha-Verses of Auspicious Victory (rare Pali version)-Buddhist Chants

              Based on the Book of Protection (Paritta Sutta) from the Pali canon, the Jaya Mangala Gatha is sung here in a rare recording by the Mahabodhi Society of India in original Pali. The Jaya Mangala Gatha is a chant recommended by the Buddha to destroy negativity and to generate auspiciousness. It proclaims the 8 major victories of the Buddha which are:

              1) Victory over Mara ( MaRa MaTa ChaTu MaRa AmaNa MaRa)
              2) Victory over the demon Alavaka ( WiMal BuRuwnsa))
              3) Victory over the wild elephant Nalagiri ( Gon Gamanpila)
              4) Victory over serial killer Angulimala ( MaRa GoTa, AmaNa GoTa, MiNi MaRu GoTa)
              5) Victory over the evil intentions of Cinca who sought to defame ( Pavitri)
              6) Victory over the haughty brahmin Saccaka ( Vasudeva)
              7) Victory over the serpent king Nandopananda ( G L Peris)
              8) Victory over the false views of Brahma Baka ( Dinesh )

              It is important to understand that most of these are allegorical stories that relate to the Buddha defeating the negative aspects of his (Mara and Alavaka) and others’ minds.

              It is said that these verses if chanted with a clear and pure intention are helpful in protecting the seeker by attracting the Good around.
              The Pali pronunciation here is exemplary and difficult to find.

              In Pali:

              Bahum sahassam-abhinim
              mita sayudham tam
              Girimekhalam udita ghora
              sasena maram
              Danadidhamma vidhina
              jitava munindo
              Tarn tejasa bhavatu te
              jayamangalani

              https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_OH9kdeLEX4

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    Last king of Kandy was a Tamil complete with pottu.

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      Not a Tamil but an Andra Hindu guy.

      Poor man suffered the same fate of Velu. And his wife.

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    Distort history . international investigation is most better to solve etnic problem.

  • 5
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    Last king of Jaffna

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cankili_II

    A Tamil

    Last king of the Sinhalese kingdom of Kandy

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sri_Vikrama_Rajasinha_of_Kandy

    A Tamil

    The people who founded the Sinhalese kingdom of Kotte
    The term Kotte is derived from “Kottai”, the Tamil word for castle. The word Kottai is derived from the word “Ko” meaning King and “Vittai” meaning house, in Tamil. The castle or fortress was founded by Alakesvara of the Alagakkonara family originally hailing from Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu ]

    All Tamil dynasties.

    This man is day dreaming

  • 2
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    Let us not attempt to solve a complex and vexed national problem by history alone. Today, America does not belong to the Red Indians, nor does Australia belong to the Aborigines. Therefore, what is required is a just solution to the people of Sri Lanka, that comprise Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims, Burghers, Malays and so on who must have the feeling of being equal,whose dignity and rights must be respected, including their language, religion, myths and beliefs, where all have an equal chance of transacting their businesses in whichever part of the country they live, in the language of their choice. Just implement the trilingual policy, have equal laws and equal jurisdiction right throughout the country and make the people feel that it is the just country that they want to live in without discrimination and they are all Sri Lankans with a truly accepted national identity. Then the words unitary or federal may not hold any water. It is time the racial divide is put aside once and for all and that politicians on both sides of the divide are prevented from only looking at their power equations and perspectives.

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    Dear H. L. D. Mahindapala!

    Why are you worried about the last king of Jaffna? It is of no use Mahinda!! I think it would be useful to find out who you are and those like Dayan and others who speak about Sinhala Theravaada Buddhist nationalism! Do you know that in the 14th Century AD there were three massive exoduses in South India? One in 1307, the other in 1310 and third in 1320s? These exoduses were caused by the Southward expansion of the Delhi Sultanate. The first one took place when the forces of Delhi Sultanate captured the town Nilagiri just North of Vindya Range. Those who lived in South of Vindya Range moved en mass to the South and some fled to the neighboring Lanka.That was the reason J. R. Jayawardene used to claim that he was not a Tamil! However thousands settled along the coastal areas of Lanka. In 1310 General Malik Kafoor with 2000 cavalries passed through Vindya Range and looted up to Rameswaram and he returned to New Delhi with his loot. This caused second exodus. This time tens of thousands of South Indians fled by boats and settled long the coasts of Lanka and other countries up to Southern Japanese islands. In 1320s Delhi Sultanate captured Madurai and other areas and started to rule. This caused the third exodus. This time also thousands settled along the coasts of Lanka and other countries.The people who settled in the North and Eastern coastal areas became Tamils and those who settled in the South became Sinhalese. These newly settled in the South only became too Sinhalese and too Buddhists in the South to gain some sort of recognition and power in the Sinhala Buddhist Society! So dear H. L. D. Mahindapala! Please try to conduct a scientific study on your ancestors and find our exactly from what part of South India they settled in Lanka!!

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