21 October, 2019

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The Last King Of Jaffna Was A Sinhala-Buddhist

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

Part of the crisis we are facing today was caused by either deliberately hiding the realities of history, or by political activists distorting it to suit expedient politics and partisan ideologies. Distorted history indeed played a central role in dividing the Sinhala-Tamil communities on ethnic lines. One of the main thrusts of peninsular politics was to distort Sri Lankan history and polarise the two communities to keep them apart on ethnic lines. It began with G. G. Ponnambalam who launched his political campaign in the thirties by targeting the Sinhalese and their history. He became the champion of the Tamils by delivering a nine-hour lecture to the Soulbury Commissioners in which he blamed “the Sinhala government” for “discriminating” against the Tamils. Neither he nor any of his successors who held the leadership of Jaffna stood for any progressive, liberal, socialist, or pluralistic political programmes for peaceful co-existence. They survived in politics by rousing communal passions in Jaffna against the Sinhalese. The usual litany of complaints against the Sinhalese, which began with Ponnambalam, was dismissed by the Soulbury Commissioners as stuff and nonsense, unsubstantiated by the available evidence.

But this did not stop him from attacking the Mahavamsa and Sinhala history. It is his distortions of history that caused the first Tamil-Sinhala riots in Nawalapitiya in 1939. His Sinhala rival, S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike, thanked him for giving a boost to the newly formed Sinhala Maha Sabha which was established to counter anti-Sinhala racism. Since then the anti-Sinhala racism of Jaffna politics has been the regular diet fed to the people of Jaffna. It the scapegoat on which Jaffna politicians have been riding, partly to cover up their political sins of treating their own people as pariahs unfit for human society and partly to demonise the Sinhala-Buddhists – the indispensable political tool used consistently to gain political mileage both domestically and internationally.

A common feature of Jaffna politics is the refusal to assess Sri Lankan history objectively without looking at it through the coloured lenses of either Ponnambalam, or S. J. V. Chelvanayakam. The ultimate expression of anti-Sinhala racism was enshrined as the official history of Tamils in the Vadukoddai Resolution of 1976. Subsequently, it became the standard reference point for academics, NGOs pundits, researchers, social scientist and the whole caboodle of pro-separatist, or pro-devolution ideologues. Any factual or objective analysis of history that goes counter to the authorised version of Tamil politics throws the Jaffna Tamils off balance. Schooled essentially in the locally manufactured history they are utterly confused when confronted with any critical / scientific / objective history that questions the hand-woven history that were rolled out like home-made beedi for popular consumption.

Scholars, however, are not unanimous about the Vadukoddian version of mono-causal history, its geography, or its anti-Sinhala-Buddhist ideology that led the Tamils all the way to Nandikadal. The post-Vadukoddai image of Jaffna does not conform to the recorded facts in history. Besides, claims and counter-claims have obfuscated the history misleading the followers into paths of suicidal violence. For instance, the first known settlement of migrants of S. India which began in the thirteenth century in Jaffna is labelled by scholars under different classifications. Some say its a kingdom and others refer to it as a principality or as a feudatory. The combined geographical boundaries of the north and the east, which they claim to be their exclusive domain, have no historical basis nor demographic justification (there are more Tamils living with the Sinhalese than in their so-called “homeland”), except that they were drawn by the British who centralised the administration by dividing it into regional provinces. The Sinhala kings in the south, however, considered themselves to be the overlords of the entire island. It is in keeping with this doctrine that the King of Kotte ruled Jaffna with Sapumal Kumaraya (aka, Sembaperumal), his general, as the resident ruler of Jaffna.

King Senerat of Kandy, an ex-Buddhist monk, too considered Jaffna to be a part of his kingdom and when the Portuguese defeated Sankili II in 1619, he bided his time and sent Mudliyar Atapattu, one of his kinsman, with an army of five thousand soldiers, to capture Jaffna. There were, of course, strategic and economic reasons also for invading Jaffna. The advancing Sinhala forces swept into Jaffna with the people of Jaffna rallying behind the victorious Sinhala forces who captured Jaffna by driving out the Portuguese from the land. They were holed up in the confines of their fortress in Jaffna which was under siege by the forces of Atapattu. Fr. Queroz, the leading authority of the time wrote “…. the enemy (i.e, the Sinhalese) made himself master of the Kingdom unopposed.”

“So supreme seemed to be their success that the Kandyans even “tried to collect taxes”. This was the highpoint of the invasion. The Kandyans had advanced right up to the Jaffna Fort, the enemy’s innermost defences and encamped before it on the Pachellpallai plain.” – p.276, Kandy Fights the Portuguese, The Military History of Kandyan Resistance, C. Gaston Perera’s, Vijitha Yapa Publications, 2007.) Senarat’s claim to the Jaffna kingdom was strengthened by the marriage of his two sons to the Jaffna princesses in Tanjore against the wishes of the Portuguese who feared that a marriage alliance between the two kingdoms would be a certain threat to their security and stakes.

After Jaffna was handed over to the Portuguese un der the terms of the Nallur Convention, the people of Jaffna were oppressed cruelly by the occupation army of the Portuguese. Naturally, they rallied behind the invading Kandyan forces and went on the rampage, burning the hated symbols of Portuguese Churches. The triumphant Kandyan forces were emboldened by the mass support of the population. After the defeat of Sankilli II in 1619 the people of Jaffna were happy to accept the Sinhala forces (in 1629) as liberators. Fr. Bruno wrote that the Kandyan army “was joined by the whole kingdom.” (Fr. V. Perniola, The Catholic Church in Sri Lanka, Portuguese Period. ) So technically, legally, politically and militarily Senerat established himself as the last king of Jaffna by taking over power from the Portuguese in the last battle for Jaffna. His invasion of Jaffna, his conquest of Jaffna, grabbing power from the Portuguese, his being in total command of the territory, his imposition of taxes and, above all, the mass support he got from the people of Jaffna makes him the legitimate and acknowledged king of Jaffna.

The capture of Jaffna by King Senarat in 1629 is also recorded by Captain Ribeiro who wrote : “But while our (Portuguese) army was laying waste to the whole of that (Kandyan) kingdom, the General (Constantine de Saa) was advised that the King had sent five thousand chosen men to Jafanapatao under the command of Modeliar of his Atapata, the Captain of his personal bodyguard; he knew that that kingdom and fortress were feebly garrisoned, and that Felippe de Oliviera, who had brought it under the dominion of the Portuguese, was dead.” – (p. 87, The Historic Tragedy of the Island of Ceilao, Captain Joao Ribeiro, translated by Paul E. Peiris, Asian Educational Services, New Delhi. 1999). Clearly, this indicates that King Senerat, after calculating the political situation in Jaffna , had picked the right moment to strike. It was, as indicated by Ribeiro, the weakest moment of Portuguese rule in Jaffna. Fr. Queroz too had devoted a chunk of his history to the conquest of Jaffna. Referring to Modliyar Atapattu’s expedition to Jaffna he wrote : “This was the last battle in the conquest of Jaffna.”

The invasion and capture of Jaffna by Senerat blasts the politico-legal myth that the sovereignty of Jaffna was passed on to the Portuguese by the last king Sankilli II of Jaffna and, therefore, the British should have handed back sovereignty to his descendants, the Tamils. But history records that the last king of Jaffna was Senerat, a Sinhala-Buddhist King of Kandy, and not Sankilli II, though he was last king of Aryachakravarti dynasty. As Senerat was the last king to fight the last battle over Jaffna there could be no doubt that sovereignty passed over finally from the Sinhala king to the Portuguese. The conquest of Jaffna by Senerat’s forces in 1629 negated the validity of the Nallur Convention in which Jaffna handed over power to the Portuguese in 1619. The fate of Jaffna was settled finally in “last battle” fought by Senerat and not at the Nallur Convention.

When Mudliyar Attapattu was holding Jaffna the Portuguese general Constantine de Saa had to send two columns from the south to challenge him and regain Jaffna for the Portuguese King. Even though Mudliyar Atapattu held Jaffna for a brief while, history records that sovereignty finally passed over to the Portuguese only after the defeat of Mudliyar Attapattu on Jaffna soil. The victory of Mudliyar Attapatu makes Senarat the last king of Jaffna. And the defeat of Mudliyar Atapattu establishes that sovereignty was regained by the Portuguese only after defeating him. There is serio-comic irony in this historical event : the last King of Jaffna was a Sinhalese and the last king of the Sinhalese was a Tamil. Such are the twists and turns of history which mock the pompous racial assumptions of extremists.

Accepting the historical truths as recorded by reliable eye-witnesses is indispensable to draw accurate conclusions from history. The pro-Tamil lobby had laboured indefatigably to comb every nook and corner of history to extract evidence to prove that Jaffna belongs to them exclusively. One of the main arguments is based on the Nallur Convention in which they claim that power was handed over by the Tamils to the Portuguese. From this point they trace a line of power flowing from Tamils to the Portuguese and from Portuguese to the Dutch and from the Dutch to the British. From this chain of events they conclude that the British should have handed over power to them instead of handing it over to the Sinhalese because it was the Tamils who handed over power to the Portuguese. But the historical events, as recorded by the Portuguese historians, confirm that the Sinhala King recaptured Jaffna and the decisive and final transfer power took place only after the Portuguese reclaimed Jaffna by defeating the Sinhala forces. So the ultimate transfer of power took place when the Sinhalese lost Jaffna to the Portuguese in the last battle for Jaffna in 1629 and not when the Tamils lost it to them in 1619.

The Nallur agreement signed with the Portuguese has no relevance to the transfer of power because after the conquest of Jaffna by Senarat the Nallur Agreement had no validity under the new political dispensation of the Kandyan King. The conquest of Jaffna by Senerat superseded the previous arrangements with the Tamil kings. As the last king of Jaffna it was his word that reigned supreme in the destiny of Jaffna. This emphasizes the prime necessity of establishing historical truths to prevent falsifications of history and, more importantly, to trace the proper sequence of events without hiding relevant historical facts for political gain. The validity of the Tamil claim to a separate state based on their argument that sovereignty of Jaffna was passed over to the Portuguese by the Tamil king loses legitimacy and credibility when tested against the eye-witness records of the Portuguese historians. A nation does not deserve to be divided on fictitious history.

One other point that is noteworthy is that in the officials records of the Portuguese, Dutch and the early 19th century British there wasn’t a community known as the Tamils. The Jaffna Tamils were consistently branded as Malabaris. There were no Tamils, per se, in the known records until late in the 19th century. Here is an example from the British records : “There is no part of the world where so many languages are spoken or which contains such mixture of nations, manners and religions. Besides Europeans and Cingalese, the proper native of the island, you meet scattered all over the town almost every race of Asiatic : Moors of every class, Malabars, Travancorins, Malays, Hindoos, Gentoos, Chinese, Persians, Arabians, Turks, Maldivians, Javians and Natives of all the Asiatic isles. Parsees or worshippers of fire, who would sooner have their houses burnt and themselves perish in the flames than employ any means to extinguish it. There are also a number of Africans, Cafrees, Buganese, mixed race of Africans and Asiatic; beside the half-castes, people of colour and other races which proceed from a mixture of the original ones. Each of these different class of people has its own manners, customs and language.”

This was written in 1803 by R. Perceival in his book, An Account of the Island of Ceylon, (London 1803, pp. 114-115). What is striking in Perceival’s report is the absence of Tamils in this account. The absence of a racial group established as Tamils from the early colonial records is puzzling. However, it is wrong to conclude that the Tamils were not there. Even the Mahavamsa records the prevalence of the Tamils (Demalas). The reference to Tamils comes into prominence mainly in the British records of the late 19th century, particularly after the censuses which classified the people according to races. The Portuguese and the Dutch classified them essentially as Malabaris.

In the early colonial periods, however, the influx of S, Indian migrants from Malabar and Travancore must have overshadowed the native Tamils. Besides, the “Tamil consciousness” which rides high, overdetermining current politics, could not have been in existence in the early colonial periods. As shown earlier, the records do not even recognise Tamils as a communal entity. The rise of Tamils as a political force, driven by the Saivite-casteist forces forged in its insular past, is clearly a post-British phenomenon. This development has a history of its own which has to be explored more thoroughly to disentangle the interweaving threads of north-south relations that worsened inter-ethnic relations. The rise of “Tamil consciousness”, in its most virulent form, emerging from nowhere, as it were, has been a decisive factor in the 20th century and, oddly enough, our social scientists have ignored this aspect in analysing the Tamil past that went awry.

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  • 8
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    Today being exactly 3 months before 1st April, I dare say in anticipation that V Pirapakaran was as much a Sinhalese as HLDM.

    What I cannot understand is why so many bother to respond seriously to the likes of HLDM and IH.

    • 9
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      Pandyans and Bahus

      The city of Madhura in South India (presently in Tamil Nadu) is one of the continuously inhabited ancient cities of the world and it was a well-developed and well planned ancient city on the banks of river Waikai. It was the capital of Tamil Pandya (Pandu) dynasty and the Pandyas/Pandus were the close allies of the Sinhala Royal house of Sri Lanka from the beginning of Sri Lanka’s history. From the King Abahaya Pandya (Pandukabhaya) to Parakrma Bahu, most of the Buddhist Kings and Queens of Sri Lanka were from the Tamil Pandya dynasty. The Sri Lankan King Abhaya Pandya aka Pandukabahaya received help from his native city of Madhura in the planning of the city of Anuradhpura. Even recently, in the Kandyan kingdom, the Kandy Lake that was built by the King Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe was designed after Madhura Thepapakulam.

      The Kandyan kings who were from the Nayakkar Dynasty of Madhura in South India took the Sri Lankan royal name RAJASINGHE and converted to Buddhism. The Kings who ruled the Jaffna kingdom were from the Aryacakravarti dynasty (Ariya in Tamil denotes a noble or a learned person) of South India and they took the royal name SINGAI ARYA CHAKRAVARTI. Similarly, the kings who ruled Sri Lanka from the Pandya/Pandu dynasty of Madhura in South India took the Sri Lankan royal name BAHU and converted to Buddhism.

      It is the Pandyans of Madhura, Tamil Nadu who RULED Sri Lanka most of the time, even king Vijaya and his men took wives from the Pandyans of Madhura. All the Buddhist kings of Sri Lanka with the royal name BAHU are actually Pandyans of Madhura. Just because they are Buddhists, the Sinhalese want to claim that they are Sinhala. There is no evidence to prove that the Buddhist kings by the royal name BAHU were Sinhalese. The Pali chronicles NEVER calls them Sinhalese, none of the BAHUs called them Sinhalese, not a single stone inscription calls them Sinhalese, there is NO evidence what so ever to call them Sinhalese. Whereas, if you look at their relationship, they are all relatives of Pandyans of Madhura. It is a known fact that the ruling families of Madhura, South India (PANDYANs) and Sri Lanka (BAHUs) were related to each other.

      For example let us take King PARAKRAMABHU.
      King Vijaya Bahu married a princess from Kalinga Royal Family as his second Mahesi, and from her he had a son named Vikrama Bahu and a daughter named Ratnavali. Vijaya Bahu’s sister, Mitta, was given in marriage to a Pandya Prince, who had three sons. The eldest of whom named Manabharana, became the husband of King Vijaya Bahu’s daughter Ratnavali. Their son was Parakrama Bahu I (1140-1173 AD), Grandson of Vijaya Bahu I, Prince of Royal Blood, Pandyan descent, son of Manabharana and Vijaya Bahu’s sister, Mitta whose husband was a Tamil prince.

      Parakrama Bahu is a grandson of a Pandyan prince. What is the big connection between the Sinhalese and the King Parakramabahu? Tamils have more connection to Parakramabahu than the Sinhalese, why should we call him as a Sinhala King?

      The pillar of stone inscription in Tamil is at the entrance that leads to the Palace of King Parakramabahu the great. King Parakrambahu the great built a statue to honor the Tamil sage Agaththiyar (who brought the Tamil language) to commemorate his Tamil roots, but the foolish Sinhalese are calling the sage Agathiyar`s statue as Parakrmabahu`s statue.

      King Parakramabahu was the patron of numerous Hindu Temples including Jaffna Nallur Murukan Temple and Rameswaram Sivan Temple, and his Tamil inscriptions are still in Rameswaram Temple. The Tamil Saivites of Jaffna are still invoking his name in the Nallur Temple before the temple procession of Lord Murukan.

      Similarly, all other BAHUs are having Tamil Pandyan connections or rather they are all from Pandyan descend. You do not find these Pandyan/Bahu royal names anywhere other than in Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka, both ruled by Tamil Pandyans.

      In Tamil Nadu, the Tamil kings of the Pandyan Dynasty were known as VIJAYA PANDYAN, VIKRAMA PANDYAN, PARAKRAMA PANDYAN, VIRA PANDYAN, VIKRAMA PANDYAN, VIRA PARAKRAMA PANDYAN, JAYA PANDYAN and so on.
      In Sri Lanka, the Buddhist Kings of the Pandyan Dynasty were known as VIJAYA BAHU, VIKRAMA BAHU, PARAKRAMA BAHU, VIRA BAHU, VIKRAMA BAHU, VIRA BAHU PANDYAN, JAYA BAHU And so on.

      In Sri Lanka, the same Pandyan names are prakitized. PANDYAN is replaced with BAHU. None of these are names of any North Indian kings or Naga kings. These kings were pure Tamils from the Pandyan dynasty but they were not mentioned as Damelars or invaders because they were Buddhists. (Only non-Buddhists were mentioned as Damelars or invaders).

      During the early historic period, just because a person in Sri Lanka is a Buddhist he/she cannot automatically become a Sinhalese. At that time even Tamils were Buddhists. All the BAHUs in Sri Lanka were Buddhists no doubt but there is no evidence to prove they were NOT Sinhalese. Just because they are Buddhists, the Sinhalese want to claim that they are Sinhala. This is how the Sinhalese including Paranavithana twisted and manipulated the history.

      • 12
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        But you are wasting your time here, Kumar.

        I am sure Sinhala archaeologists and historians knew all this. Unfortunately, they were part of the problem. You can’t blame the Sinhala masses and Maha Sangha.

        Buddhism played a strong role in Tamil history. Even in the literature, among five of the major Tamil epics, two are set in Buddhist background.

        Many Tamil scholars from South India wrote important Buddhist books with assume ‘Buddhist’ names. But, Sinhala historians and researches buried all these.

      • 8
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        The Pandyans and Cholas were enemies who were mostly engaged in war. Whenever the Pandya/Bahu kings of Sri Lanka such as King PARAKRAMABHU was waging a war against the invading Cholas, it was Pandya – Chola war which the present day historians have misinterpreted as a Sinhala – Tamil war. Since the invading Cholas were non-Buddhists whereas the Pandyas who ruled Sri Lanka were Buddhists, the Mahavamsa calls them Damelars or invaders.

      • 2
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        POLANARUWA PERIOD:

        141. PARAKRAMA BAHU I 1140-1173 AD Grandson of Vijaya Bahu I, Prince of Royal Blood, Tamil Pandyan descent, son of Manabharana – Vijaya Bahu`s sister, Mitta and TAMIL PANDIYA PRINCE.

        148. QUEEN LILAVATI/THRILOKASUNTHARI 1184-1187 AD Widow of King Parakrama Bahu I Queen Lilavati belonged to the Tamil Pandya line on her father`s side. The country was peaceful and prosperous and the Queen was able to devote her time to the development of literature, music, drama and art. She ruled for three years wisely and well. She was removed from the throne by her co-Ministers

        153. QUEEN LILAVATI 1196-1197 AD – Widow of King Parakrama Bahu She was placed on the throne for the second time by General Camunakka and he ruled the country through her for one year.

        155. QUEEN LILAVATI 1197-1198 AD – Widow of King Parakrama Bahu Ascended the throne for the third time. She was of undiluted Royal blood and a woman of dignity who commanded the respect and admiration of those with whom she came in contact. In the seventh month of her reign King Parakrama of Pandaya kingdom deposed her.
        156. PARAKRAMA PANDIAN (Parakum Pandi) 1198-1201 South Indian Tamil (Pandyan). He ascended the throne deposing Queen Lilavati. He produced himself to be wise and capable monarch who administered justice strictly in accordance with the law of the land.
        Year 1233, The Tamils of Jaffna kingdom, led by a Prince named Chandra Bhanu, son of the ruler of Jaffna, invaded the country in the eleventh year of Pandi Parakrama Bahu`s reign.

        163. CHANDRA BHANU 1270 AD Son of the ruler of Jaffnapatnam, He captured the Fort of Yapahuva but was deprived of his victory by the Pandya Emperor Kulasekera.

        164. PARAKRAMA BAHU III 1270-1275 Nephew of Buvaneka Bahu I, son of Vijaya Bahu IV. His mother was a sister of TAMIL Kulasekera Pandyan. He was established as King of Polonnaruwa. During his reign the island was invaded by a Pandyan army led by one Chakravarti.

        168. VIJAYA BAHU V (Jaya Bahu) 1307 AD Second son of Chandra Banu of Jaffnapatnam, Vijaya Bahu was reigning in the north of the Malayan Peninsula, retreated to Anuradhapura, where he met Parakrama bahu IV.

        174. PARAKRAMA BAHU VI 1410-1462 AD Prince named Sepanana (Jayapala) descended from Parakrama Bahu, the third son of Chandra Banu of Jaffnapatnam, and whose mother, Sunethradevi, was a daughter of Parakrama Bahu V of Dedigama
        The king had two adopted sons, named Sapumal Kumara (Senpaka Perumal) and Ambulugala Kumara.

        175. VIRA PARAKRAMA BAHU VII 1462 AD Jaya Bahu son of Parakrama Bahu II`s natural daughter, Ulakudaya Devi (TAMIL) Jaya Bahu, on ascension to the throne assumed the name Vira Parakrama Bahu. He was not allowed to occupy the throne for many days. His uncle Sapumal Kumara hastened to Kotte from Jaffna and put him to death.

        176. BHUVANEKA BAHU VI 1462-1469 AD SENPAKA PERUMAL (Sapumal Kumara) son of Parakrama Bahu VI After putting to death Vira Parakrama Bahu VII, Sapumal Kumara ascended the throne under the title Bhuvaneka Bahu VI.

        Today all the Pandaya (Tamil) names such as Parakrama, Kulasekera, etc. are adopted by the Sinhalese. There are no Tamils by such names.

      • 2
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        What about the 19th century travelers & writers
        Lord Valentia & Mr. Jounville who said there were no pure Sinhala kings in Sri Lanka.

        According to the opinions of the Singhalese, and from what appears in their writings, Singha Cumura, the founder of their dynasty, was the son of a Cholan, who married the daughter of a Pandian, whence the race of the sun and moon became happily united in the sovereignty of Ceylon.

        The Singhalese, though forming a distinct nation, and differing in their religion, language, and manners from the Tamuls, had no kings of their own caste, their sovereigns being always Tamuls, and according to Lord Valentia* and Mr. Joinville.f “a Singhalese cannot be king of Ceylon ; that is, every person born of a Singhalese father or mother is excluded from the throne.”

        * Lord Valentia’s Travels, vol. i, p. 279.
        Asiatic Researches, vol. vii, p. 420.

        The Chacravattis, or kings of Jaffnapatam, were also Kattriyas, sprung from the stock of a Ch61an by a Brahmin woman from Manaway in Ramanadeporam, and thence they took upon them the ambiguous title of Aria vangsam, to signify both sides of their parentage; for the word arian is applied in Tamul equally as a title to the Brahmins as to the Chdlans.

        source:Transactions of the Ethonological Society of London,Volume 3
        Article by Simon Cassie Chitty Maniegar(Read, Nov.10, 1863)
        (an erudite scholar from Puttalam, Mudaliyar Simon Cassie Chitty (1807- 1860) was appointed to The Legislative Council on June 29, 1838, by James Mackenzie (1837-1841) the British governor to the vacancy upon the death of Arumuganathar Pillai Coomarasamy )

        • 0
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          pro-truth.-Does it matter if they leave the truth behind entirely?
          Feelings, not facts, are what matter in this sort of campaigning.

      • 5
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        I can’t believe we have to talk about ancient history to justify our existence in Sinhala Lanka. Even the Whites who colonised the Americas few centuries ago now claim the entire lands but Tamils who have had longer presence in Sri Lanka still have to justify why they belong to Lanka. Only in Sinhala Lanka!

  • 4
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    You might also wonder why the “Tamil” kings had children named Sinhabahu or styled themselves as Arya Chakravarti and added the appendage Aryasinghe (SingaiAryan)to their name.

    His father, Singai Pararasasegaram, had two principal wives and a number of concubines. His first wife, Rajalaksmi, had two sons, Singhabahu and Pandaram. Singai Pararasasegaram second wife was Valliammal, she bore him Paranirupasingham. Cankili’s mother had Cankili and a daughter named Paravai. As part of palace intrigues, Cankili was able to ascend the throne.

    Singai Pararajasekaram is also the first in line not to use the title Singaiariyan as part of the regnal name. After him all kings had the shorter version Singai as part of the regnal name.

    Who are Tamils?
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tissanayagam_family

    • 1
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      In this article, Raghavan ( deliberately) misinterpret the origin of the name ‘Tissanayagam’ by claiming a Kalinga link. As it states it is the Tamilised version of Dissanayaka.

      Dissanayaka came into use in Kandyan period. In Kandy provinces were distributed as ‘Dissawes’දිසාව and the official in charge of a Dissawa was named Dissanayaka.

      • 5
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        such,

        You are one mega stupid fool! Nayaka is a dynasty that originated in South India!

  • 3
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    Abimanasingham Sitthawatthai Uthayakumar, is right.

    Mr. Mahindapala, we all know that we are descended from monkeys. So leave it at that. Don’t go on digging. It is embarrassing for the monkeys to see humans progressing so much while they are still stuck on the branches for eternity.

    It is the same thing, silly. We may be or may not be descendants of Tamils. But it is upsetting for Tamils to see us digging in to the past. Why? Because, they see how far ahead we are, with our Mahavamsa, a superior language complete with all those sounds and finally with our own country while the Tamils have none of those.

    Would you not be jealous?

    • 5
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      It should be we believe we the human beings are evolved from the monkeys. There thousands of years as gaps even if evolution could be the reality of the origin of man on this planet.

      You should be born meeharaka (stupid idiot) to say like that. Mahavansa was drafted in an era not much was on the disposal. Since then nothing is added to it even if there are lot more found in archilogical sites in terms of the buddha related stories.

      How dare you as a sexgenarian just add the kind of low contents: We are ashamed of the kind of lankens really.

      • 0
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        PunchiSIMON, This is an automatic response for your comment.

        Edwin has no time read comments of small people. Come back when you are grown up.

    • 2
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      “…complete with all those sounds …” keep farting

      That’s all you guys can show for almost 70 years of independence.

      Your ambitions are very limited

  • 0
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    Beautiful, beautiful and most beautiful article.

    only one reminder. there was not such so called Jaffna kingdom existed in this land.in rajarata era.jaffna peninsula was under a yapa or earl.that was why it called yapa patuna or territory under an earl.Due to south Indian invasions that territory was under south indian price some times but kotte kingdom took over under the leadership of general prince sapumal.until porthuguese taken over it was under an earl. when tamil prince become earl sinhalese objected and requested kotte kingdom that was portuguese protectorate at that time as such request was diverted to viceroy in Goa by thammita bandara to change him with a prince of manner territory. that roused anger of then self proclaimed tamil ruler and killed all the sinhalese lived there.money used to hire tamil messaneries for that massacre was stolen wealth from general veediya bandara.after killing him at passing out parade of soldiers trained by veediya bandara to fight against prothuguese. yes king sanarath took over the territory again under the leadership of general ATHAPATHTHU.

    • 5
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      WE WISH YOU A HAPPY AND HEALTHY NEW YEAR:

      HOPE 2017 will help you finding better therapies.

      Please have you checked through specialists, you are born sick to stay thinking of radical sinhala buddhist mantra.
      Even to think of supporting those virulent politicians that support only sinhala buddhists are not healthy.

      • 0
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        Thank. wish you the same

  • 2
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    Kalinga, Karava, European, Malay who cares.
    Maybe a little bit of all.

    Satarakulasinghe, Edirimanasinghe, Tissa-Weerasinghe etc a “Tamil” surnames.

    http://karava.org/karava_kings/jaffna_kings

    • 2
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      Kumarakulasinghe?

    • 0
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      we are not mukkulathors. united three caste of tamils. worrier clan.they live in inland not coastal line. they are ground offensive lot like gurcasy, not seamans.tell me sooriya and tissa tamil names or sanskrit names. I challenge you.prabakeran is sun in tamil but sooriya is not tamil word or name

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    The point is, there was a Tamil kingdom, by Tamil Kings for Tamils in the North and East to make it considered to be Tamil land. There is an accord with Portuguese, that is not tearable that Tamils accepting their loss in the war. The continuity of Arya chakravarthi Dynasty has established the homeland of Tamil. They lost the power to Portuguese by Nallur Agreement. Subsequently Portuguese and Dutch made their deals with British. These deals kept shifting sovereignty from one to another until it was returned by Britain to the original residents. There is no contention from Portuguese to be having lost Jaffna to Kandyan Kingdom. There is no deed to transfer the sovereignty and it did not take place. If it had taken place Portuguese would not have missed to take it back from Kandy by a proper deed. The poor child Mahindhapala can only cut and paste arguments from the Jaffnahistory.com but cannot grasp them. Even in his attempts to falsify history, Mahindapala has accepted the Kandyan could not get into the fortress from where the Portuguese authority was coming out to rule Jaffna. It was an equivalent of the Lankawe Parliament of today. Portuguese authority over Jaffna was well and safe though there was a drawback in battlefront. Unlike as Mahindapala writing, there was no final victory to Kandyan.

    Further winning one war or contending that Jaffna Kingdom was subject to Kandyan kingdom is not giving any claims to Sinhalese over Tamils’ homeland. Mahavamsa is claiming that the entire population of Sinhalese came from India. Mahindapala claims Ceylon Tamils came from India only recently. Not connecting to these, up country Tamils came from India. Ramayana, an epic like Mahavamsa is claiming Ram the Indian King won Ceylon. Mahavamsa claims Wijeya, the Indian Prince ruled Ceylon. The Chola Prince, Ellaria pushed that time king to a hiding place in the South and practically ruled the entire country. In the middle ages Chola Kings many time won Ceylon. Alahakone won Southern Sinhala and Northern Tamil Kings and created Kotte Kingdom. Thanchai Royal family was ruling Kandy for few generations. Portuguese managed Ceylon from Goa. As recently as 1987 Indian IPKF was occupying Ceylon. Ceylon was ordered by them to stay in camps. India always contended Ceylon is under their jurisdiction and they contend it as one of their state. If Mahindapala believes his arguments are correct, Ceylon is a property of India for the reasons Mahindapala listed and for many others he didn’t. So what he has to do now is get out of his cozy home of Australia, go to India, meet Mr. Modi and ask him to accept the ownership of Ceylon. (whether he do it or not that is what India going to do soon.)

    Arya chakrawarthis’ Dynasty maintained Tamils homeland. This is not in Jaffnahistory.com history, this is in Portuguese web sites. We will bring them out once the UNHRC genocide case is done and when we want to have our sovereignty reestablished.

    If Mahavamsa called Demela, the English word Tamil will not become Demela. Same way, if Portuguese have called Tamils as Malayalis-Malabaris (the first south Indian race Portuguese met in Arabian Sea so they thought all look like them and speak a similar language were Keralites) Tamils don’t become Malayalis and Tamils existence does not vanish in thin air. All what the argument Mahindapala putting that as Tamils were not called as Tamils is meaningless, when he could not deny they were called Malabaris by mistake. He has not proved that Portuguese used the “Tamil” in Tamil Nadu but they did not use it in Ceylon. If that was case then the word Tamil missing Ceylon records is substantial. But by saying Tamils is not in Ceylon records, he is denying even the existence of Tamil Nadu and its 5000 years history by his flawed logic of picking on Portuguese as they called Tamils as Malayalis. When British were ruling India, they called entire south as Madras Presidency. It does not mean that they did deny the other three main races, Kerala, Old-Andhra and Kanada existence, but did accepted only Tamil Nadu in the south. Columbus calling of First Nation as Indians did not earn them any citizenship for them in India. Simply there is no connection between them and India. That was simply an error. Mahindapala has not established that Malabari did not mean Tamils. If not by error, but If Mahindapala has purposely attempted to misrepresent the fact that Tamil existed here, then he tries miniscule the number of the Tamils lived in Ceylon. If so, we can remind him this small minority was the one made Alahakoon to establish Kotte by keep extending their authority towards south.

    Alahakoon was necessitated to fight with Jaffna Kingdom because they were, little by little, taking the control around Colombo area. These were the area Mapillai races and other Tamils Nadu races were trading with Arabian. Trading in that area was controlled by them. Jaffna Kingdom’s growth was creating them inconvenience. That is why the Tamil Nadu warrior captured that area and created a brand new Kingdom. Though Alahakoon defeated the Jaffa Kingdom, they were still collecting Taxes around that area. Once the power went away from the General Alahakoon, the North started to give problem again. The time Portuguese captured the Kotte, his connections from South India was still claiming the ownership for the Kotte Kingdom. North Ceylon too remained as hostile area. Portuguese first put down the North. Then they dealt the Mapillai Malabaris. These are the thread made Portuguese protection was important to Periya Pandaram and reduce him to be a puppet king. They forced him to marry their servant girl called Dona Catharina.

    Jaffna was captured from Sankiliyan in a war. Further Tamil King Periya Pandaram from Kotte did not fight with Portuguese because he was holding the government in trust for the owners. Portuguese website clearly saying when they were capturing Kotte and Sitawake Kingdoms, the Malabar Mappillais who had claims on those places, engaged with them on Kotte war. In other words, Kotte and Sitawake was lost by Malabaris (the Tamils) to Portuguese in fight as per Portuguese, earlier in war. The winner, Portuguese had the puppet named Dom Joao Periya Pandaram, and then made it as a part of King of Spain as per the agreement they had with the Spain Royals. This Periya Pandaram married a Portuguese woman named Dona Catherina to enable passing the Kingdom to them without a fight. By agreeing to this marriage, in return, Periya Pandaram received protection for the Kingdom against the other partner, as per Portuguese, who are the Malabaris. This appears to be a drama enacted by Portuguese, because the war they fought in Kotte was not for the Kingdom, only on contract for protection. Kandy was ruled by Thanjavur royal family. It is from them the British captured Kandy. As the Kandy convention was signed Tamil, the sovereignty was passed through Tamil language and it was the one could have taken back too, no share for Sinhala. All Ceylon Kingdoms lost their sovereignty from Tamil Rulers to foreigners. No Sinhala Kings were in that. In Ceylon history, no Sinhala King did take at nowhere the Tamils sovereignty by winning them in no war, because it was only Tamils lost in wars and let the foreign powers to take over in all parts of Ceylon. In all four Kingdoms it was Tamils who lost the wars to Europeans.

    For about the Mahindapala’s blah blah about the TULF claim of Tamils Home land of North-East, it was not the TULF proposed in 1976 Vaddukoddai convention, it was SWRD is the first one to propose it in the modern history of Ceylon. SWRD, an Oxford graduate, did know better history than Mahindapala. That is why he wanted give Federal Status for North-East Tamils.

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      Mallaluran

      for you tamils all the rulers here including king dutugamunu were tamil. tell me how aryachakkraarthi could be tamil. he was hindu price from madya pradesh taking refuge in pandyan kingdom in fear of muslims who occupied north.pandyan planted him here as a ruler after toppling javanese prince who occupied north part of lanka looking for possession of sacred tooth relic as buddhists from south eastern asia could not make pilgrimage to north india due to islamic occupation there. they wanted something sacred to become emperor of that region.

      who supported chakrawarthi.w ho supplied him military man power.when muslims defeated pandyans under malik kapoor where did they go.where pandyans royal family members who died under normal circumstances cremated with age old tamil rituals.who advised sankilii to killed all sinhalese lived in jaffna peninsula. where was jaffna kingdom palaces. fortress. can you show us. still we can see kotte kingdom ruins.sithawake ruins. raigama ruins.

      if your theory accepted prince charls son should be able to claim part of India, part of whole world as theirs as their primates own those land by force.

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        Ranjith the dimwit of all nature.

        Please avoid calling you tamils. They can also address you that way, you sinhalese man,please learn to be civilized man. If not today when. we are now in the dawn year 2017. Why not you guys learnt it from the past. Can you say, that our leaders were right if you are sane ?
        Almost everyone so far has done notmuch interms of solving lanken ethinic issues. They are issues, even if you guys make every efforts to dilute them.
        Today I heard Muslim MP saying – with much hopes they elected the current duo but nothingmuch is done towards their hopes – there I agree with him – yes, not much is done.
        That dog like Monk rose up from Batticallo and the testesterone filled colombo monk -BBS lead, both returned to their racial abuses. What police did was not much.
        All these are issues UNHRC or any otherbodies to criticise our folks further, reiterating the way how we the sinahalya treat our minorities. Actually, all these happeneing while we call us all SRILANKENS. Why cant our leaders do the due in terms of serving the justice ?

        In Berlin, there had been an amok run 2 weeks ago on a Christmas fair. There, they arrested the guy one behind the other and in the end they even caught the free runner it was all becuase the efforts of police and repsonsible authorities worked collectively as lankens then worked to eleminated teror carried out by Ltte. But today, 2 years gone, what have we achieved in terms of fairness and justice being served tothe victimized parties ?
        Nothing right? If the former president is a genuine hearted person, why cant he raised the issue this way ? There, the entire folks would support him and ruling leaders, calling them as they are genuine, we need to work as one unit if we really want to go against racism.
        There may be other issues that pronounce to Rajaakshes but against Racism, Rajaakshe should have balls to call it a spade since Rajaakshe, Sirisena AND Ranil all fight for one nation and their grievances.

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          Desperate lanken or reincarnation of famous amaray

          I write what I believe is correct as per the knowledge I gathered in various ways.It is my rights.who are you to advise me.you mind your own business.I do not mind people calling me racist since I know I am not.I accept everybody has same rights. at same times we all should be under one law.yes we all are humans descendants of early hominids that evolved in African jungles.apes and monkeys are our long distance cousin brothers. now we may have concepts of different races or different caste. May have differnt different myths on respective races or castes ancestry. but truth is we are products of early hominids interbreeding. as such racism or any other concepts should be defeated. it may be mythology or religion or whatever that does not promote universal brotherhood should be wiped out. that is my concept..

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        1

        for you tamils all the rulers here including king dutugamunu were tamil.” Yes that is correct; His time there was no Sinhala existed. He is not a Sinhalese and he not even a Buddhist. He prayed Kathirkama Kanthan. Buddhism had not gone to South that time. Ellalan appears to be Buddhist at least in his latter years, as he had the Intelligent Bell in front of his Palace. Gemunu noticed the extraordinary pious behaviours of Ellalan and he attributed it to Buddhism, so picked it after the war with Ellalan.

        The First century “Manimekalai” is telling it is Manimekala spread the Buddhism to Ceylon not Sangamitta. The story of 6th century Mahavamsa is completely wrong.

        “Arya Chakravarthies” is a name for the Dynasty. It is a brahmin Dynasty in contrast to Tamil Nadu’s usual Vellir Dynasties. That is why that name came.

        Note these pls:
        Practically all Brahmins are called Kurukkal in Ceylon Tamil,but they may or may not conduct prayers. But Gurukkal means a person conducts prayer. He needs not to be Brahmin. But if you go to Jaffna – Batticaloa villages they call casters as Kurukkal if they conduct prayers.

        All the Tamils Kings had Sinhaasanam (The lion Chair). It does not mean it was made and sold to them by Sinhala carpenter. Don’t connect without knowing what it is.

        As per Jaffnahistory.com the women lived in Tamil nadu were NorthIndians and the Men only Tamils. To keep the story alive, I have sent all the Tamil women to North, otherwise their generation might have died there.

        So do do you get it now? there is no pure Aryans who lived in the North to come with Vijeya, or to rule in Jaffna, you know?

        Please find out some jobs for the Yellow gowns so nobody will sit and corrupt the History in Wikipedia under “Project Sri Lanka”. Wikipedia has lost the quality in Lankawe history. We keep telling them to fix it.

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          Ha……….HA

          we do not want wikipidia. if you go through Chinese Han dynasty records. it described present day lanka or Sri Lanka as sinhaladeepa.if chinese dynasty in 300 BCE to206 AD say so but you say no sinhalese race existed here.record of Tamil language first found in 300 BCE as well.if we give tolerance for five hundred years sinhalese existed even in 800 BCE as per chinese records.your statement is a clear indication of your racism you tamils hatred against sinhalese

          For example: “shizi guo” (师子子), “shizi zhou” (师子子) (sihadipa)

          • 3
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            You can claim anything and write anything to get your pay from your government. But, we are interested if anything comes on the Wikipedia.

            UNHRC has now discarded the expensive campaign Chandrika did through Kathirgamar. It is one of the massive and wasted money of Lankawe government. Everybody now there agrees there was genocide took place in Lankawe. They know that what Chandrika did was not a war for peace with Tamils; it was only war to tear Tamils into pieces.

            Chandrika will have to invent new ways to corrupt the international arrangements. She is going to have trouble to meddle in Trump Administration. Chandrika will go in history as one of biggest dodger and artist in dodging. But the low point is the Lankawe leaders don’t mind to earn ore shame, but never try to clean it.

            EX UNSG has said to Ranil the new records are not going to vanish in the thin air. Ranil by protecting the war criminals (- Old Royals, Field Marshal and the New King) doing the necessary job to his name. Ranil refused to sign ICC accord fearing of truth of war crime going to come out. The recent Lankawe Government attitude towards the UNHRC ‘s September, 2015 resolution they cosigned has shown it, Lankawe as country and Singhalese as race, how much they shy away from the truths and how they retreat to face the consequences has come out to IC. Ceylon History is part of world History. Lankawe bald heads are thinking that using the government’ free laptops and corrupting the local newspapers and Wikipedia “as history” is going to be tolerated forever by IC and Wikipedia.

            In one of the recent court case the American Judge has said “Now we have better information”. So he was not ready to punish the accused. It took some trouble. But it has worked.

            One time famous Terrorism researcher Rohan Gunaratna, is now discarded by IC knowledge group. He was punished by Tamils in Canada in a court as a fraud – writer. He used his chance to study in “West Point” to corrupt American defense opinion in favor of the Lankan government. He got into the 9/11 voluntarily and fooled America. He, funded by Chandrika and Old Royal, mislead the American government on Tamils issues. Here now where he is in the International Arena .
            He has said that Al-Qaeda commander Hambali regularly visited Australia. This claim was later refuted by Australian authorities as lacking in evidence.[3] Commenting on one of his books, the Pacific Journalism Review said in its review that “his writing here on Indonesia reveals a remarkably narrow selection of sources, a profound lack of knowledge, and a flawed understanding of the history of the Indonesian armed forces and of their intelligence operates”.[4]
            Following an investigation by The Sunday Age, Gunaratna retracted some of the credentials formerly found in many his books.[clarification needed][5]
            Ontario Superior Court of Justice’s verdict against Gunaratna
            In a February 2011 article in Lakbima News, Gunaratna claimed that the Canadian Tamil Congress (CTC) was a front for the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.[6]
            The CTC sued Gunaratna, and, on 21 January 2014, the Ontario Superior Court of Justice ruled against Gunaratna, ordering home to pay the CTC damages of $37,000, and costs of $16,000.[7][8] In his ruling judge Stephen E. Firestone stated that Gunaratna’s claims were unequivocally and incontrovertibly “false and untrue”.[9][10]

            Proper work is necessary to tear off the mask of jobless Monks sitting and corrupting Wikipedia. Wikipedia has to be shown that these are stories of the war crime committed criminal government’s propaganda to substantiate the war crimes to fool IC. They have to be shown, like in the case of Rohan, these misleading the international history students and scholars are misled and the IC government is misdirected from targeting the real enemies. Once the Blacklisting of “Sri Lanka Project” is achieved, Wikipedia will be able to control it by software and keep out purported rubbish.

            We will do our work to find out what is said in the Chinese records, who has said it, when was it said, what the writer meant by that, why is it said, why did he go to mention that, how is that connecting with Ceylon, how that connection is dating the Sinhalese existing on that date, Who was that time Sinhalese and who is this time Sinhalese.

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              no matter whatever happen to us. we wiped out terrorism peace restored. you tamils enjoy it most. we are ready to face anything for the shake of our mother land.

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                “we are ready to face anything for the shake of our mother land.

                we wiped out terrorism peace restored. you tamils enjoy it most. “

                You thought Tamils are enemies and killed 500,000. You fought a wrong war and earned it for us. We have peace and enjoying it after losing 500,000 brother sisters. $18 Billion on your bank accounts, but wandering without peace. That is what you call Modaya way of fighting a war.

                $200 Billion people money,
                500,000 Tamils killed.
                60 billion rupees per head.

                Colombo Harbor gone.

                Port City Gone.

                Hambantota Harbor gone.

                15,000 – that about five villages – land gone.

                Mattala Airport is going.

                Trinco gone.

                Earned name of rapist army of world. Last year UN’s the Peacekeeper contracts gone.

                EU’s GSP+ gone five years ago.

                Countries pride gone.

                Countries standing on the world status gone.

                Now what only left with you, your big mouth Vizhunthalum Meesaiyil mann padavillai. (“I have fallen down in wrestling, ture, but there is no dirt on my mustache”)Further Best is yet to come.

                Hopefully soon we can show the faith to the peace you earned for by renting an electric chair, so then you too can rock that rest in peace.

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                  Do not worry we recover all the money and heritages. it is the matter of time. we need win win situation for all. here is only the forum. we all need peace to prosper. war is war. that is brutal no question about it. no holy wars. it is for every-bodies survival. as I said earlier electric chair or any thing not an issue. issue is peace for our next generations. look at electric chair with smile. We are ready to embrace it. come get us . we done our job situation warranted us to do. your sigh, your smile your agony is mine as well. I can laugh. it is a beautiful, beautiful,and beautiful death. nothing is permanent in this world. death is the certainty.beautiful death is all our wish.

              • 0
                0

                the more you write the more you become ignorant.
                First Chinese traveller never saw any Gautama- Faxian (AD 399 – 413):
                What you say 300BC is Alexander period where he ran seeing Chandergupta the Great. Chinese fishing nets have been at Cochin over 600 years- Zheng He’s-Vestiges of a Fishing Legacy

                You do not need tolerance just go jump in the yellow river where Mao floats.

        • 1
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          ho said we sinhalese are aryans. or descendants of prince vijaya. I did not mention anywhere. we are descendants of early hominids who crossed over here via beaches from Africa. like homo errectus or homo ergasta or homo nalady or finally homo sapience. but we speak language related to indo aryans. maldivians do the same.that may be parkritization of our early language elu.in papua new genia nine hundred and twenty languages evolved among nearly forty millions tribes. as such evolution of language different to your proto darvadian is not the reason to hate sinhalese dear tamil gentlemen.

    • 1
      1

      Mallaiyuran I am not sure why you are quoting Jaffnahistory.com and giving it unnecessary credibility. We all know it’s a cheap and fake website.

      This not only a fake website but a cheap website. There is so much fundamental and basic errors of history and not just that there is also basic English Grammatical errors in every sentence. Anyone reading it will come to an instant conclusion that this is a fake history website and abandon it.

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    Could you pls explain what’s these Portuguese descendants doing in Sl and claiming to be protecting Buddhism from whom

    • 0
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      Kugan

      mass conversion into christianity took place in jaffna. portuguese might use sisters as their concubines. as such jaffna tamils are descendants of portuguese not people of other part.that may be the reason you people run to europe for shelter always.making false allegation against sinhalese

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        I don’t understand why these guys are arguing about the chronology about Tamils and Tamil Language.

        The undisputed fact is this

        Tamil was the worlds first language.
        Tamil was the only language spoken all over the word at one Time.
        Tamils are the first civilisation on this planet.

        Now, I a not saying this.

        Just Google you will get the answer.

        • 0
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          Then who discovered America and Australia.why do not claim it as you. by the way baluchistan speak same darvadian language why do you not help them investing there. it was annexed by pakistan in fifties.

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    HLDM is a reckless writer.After all,he is the son of an Ambulance driver; Speed is in the genes!

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    one or two mahindapalas, wimal weerawansa, gamanpila along with rajapaksas are enough to destroy whatever remains our SL.additinally we have a few despicable monks to support the destruction. m.pala has done a very good job in this respect.
    -DAYAL

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    Last kings of Kandyan kingdom were Tamil speakers from South India. Half of the Kandyan signatories of the Kandyan Convention signed in Tamil.

  • 0
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    [Edited out]

  • 2
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    Mahindapala argument is that the word Tamils appearing in Ceylon only after 1900 so Ceylon Tamils came here only after that. He is ending concluding Upcountry Tamils in Ceylon arrived after 1830, came before North-East Tamils, because he cannot rewrite the British tea companies’ history through in his Jaffnahistory.com could write anything about Jaffna. But he and Yellow robes gang has rewritten Tamil Nadu history too.
    Here is one typical example:
    Jaffnahistory.com is saying that princess came from Pandya King was not a Pandya princess though that was the stipulation of Mahanama. She was his wife’s sister, a Northern Indian woman. In its efforts to falsify the history, Jaffnahistory.com did not just overwrite Mahavamsa, I but it rewrote the history of Tamils Nadu too. It says Tamil Kings in Tamil Nadu wanted to marry only Northern white skinned Women. Pathetic in that argument is, if that is correct, when there is no Wijeya’s dynasty left and only 700 rowdies & wives children are left now from Mahavamsa story, so Jaffnahistory.com writers has not gained any improvement and their ID has been left in Limbo. So again if we have to rewrite the Jaffnahistory.com to make sense, so the only pillar can sustain Jaffnahistory.com’s theory is saying all those women too came from the Northern India, because all Tamil men also wanted to marry only Northern white skinned women and all these women were the sisters of the Pandya kingdom men’s wives. With that we can feel happy to have saved the unique ID of the LionLE race or rather LoanLE race. The need of falsifying Tamils’ history in Ceylon is making Jaffnahistory.com to falsify the Tamil Nadu History too. At 500 BC, the time Wijeya arrived to Ceylon with his LoanLE, even the Kalapirar had not come to South India. But Jaffnahistory.com is telling us that such an extent of Northern races were presence in Tamil Nadu. If that is so, Tamil Nadu Tamils who mixed 50:50 with North Indians, no inferior the LoanLE blood, because still Jaffnahistory.com is saying that Wijeya came from Dravidian Orissa-Bengal and married the North Indian Women living in Tamil Nadu. Unless Bengalis start to claim they are Aryans, Jaffnahistory.com theory is only Modaya theory. Mahindhapala’s Jaffnahistory.com is claiming they brought 701 Northern white women from Pandya Kingdom. The interesting twist of jaffnahistory.com is Wijeya, who is Northern prince, went to South Indian King, an unfamiliar Royal to him, to have supplied 701 White North Indian women, but did not want to have directly communicated with the North where he lived and he knew the language of that land. The acceptable argument, if Wijeya and 700 men who are children of a people who wanted to create a unique race and whose parents were brother and sister, married together and started that race, looked at Tamil Nadu for women, is they hated the people who deported them to Ceylon and did not wanted seek women from them. That is how the uniqueness lost as soon as it was started.

    Everybody knows that anything Mahanama wrote as history before 6th century is only hears say stories. He had used another book in that too. There are many evidences suggesting that the land connection between Tamil Nadu and Ceylon still existed and people have been walking across. Recent British exploration in Kanyakumari is revealing very modern towns existed in that area just before 2000 years ago. Researchers are looking into the possibility of a very big tsunami in or around 2500 years ago. This was before Dhuvaraka was sunk. With that research, the Idai Sangam-Kadai Sangam poems are well collaborating too. So, if there was one migration, it would have taken place from lands submerged in sea or when Asoka plundered east, those refugees came seeking life. In either case it could be more than Mahanama’s number 700 but still very negligible compared to the people living in Ceylon that time to make any changes in Language or culture.

    Mahindapala is bringing more stories from Jaffnahistory.com, a government sponsored fraudulent website created to purposefully distraught the Tamils history, including North and East. Nawalapitiya riots were not Tamil – Sinhala riots. It is only a riots being run in by Sinhala Government sponsored Jaffnahistory.com. The Tamils lived in that area was upcountry Tamils. Their pathetic condition made LSSP to start its politics with them at that time. Even in 1958, the Tamils’ best recorded story is only from a Sinhala writer named Tarzie Vittachi. Anything about the Navalapitiya is from Jaffanahistory.com which is creating n story of importing 1402 North Indian women to Pandya Kingdom in BC 500 so they have 701 North Indian Women out of it. If something is rubbish one need to deal with it to clean, but this Nawalapitiya riots is not even worth for that.
    I would like to know these.
    1. In what language GG made his speech?
    2. When did he make. Was it an election campaign speech?
    3. When the riots started?

    GG has nothing to do with it. Looting and eating have been used from the time of the Mahavamsa. The cited crime is a Hindu Newspaper reported GG called Sinhala Buddhists as Mongrel Race. We know 1958 A cut Sinhalese body was going by Yarl Devi in ice box. In 1983, Jaffna boys retaliated to the Library burning. The truth appears to be, it is an explanation to reason out Racist SWRD to open Sinhala Maha Sabha, a racist organization. In total it is like this: SWRD set off the 1939 troubles no any different ways than he did with his Sinhala Only in 1958. GG was used as scapegoat eventually. Navalapitiya quarrel it was created the same way, how the JR’s election victories of 1977, 1983 were used to create pogroms, using the State Council Victory of Sinhalese against Tamils. Sinhalese candidates, who feared that Sinhalese may vote to Tamils, used maximum divisive methods to gain more seats than Tamil in that election. And they won. The riots were the product of the election, not by GG’s speech. The state Council election of 1936 was the trend settler of the after freedom, corrupted, utter lying candidates victories.
    It is not GG, but it was Ramanathan and his brother who first pointed out the Sinhala Racism after their disappointment of the pact tearing for Western State Council membership. The racial division started as early as 1917 when DS started to cheat Ramanathan whom got DS out.

    Mahindapala is placing his attacks on GG, Ramanathan, and SJV like eminent mountains. Ramanathan was praised by Lord of Salisbury as most accomplished speaker of in the entire British Empire. His point to topic speech made British government release Don Stephen, imprisoned by white governor, by the agitation of Muslims.

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      Generations of Sri Lankans have grown up being conditioned that the Sinhalese were the sons of the soil (boomiputhra) and that the Tamils were South Indian invaders who came much later dislodging the Sinhalese in the North and occupying their lands. Similar to the Serbian view of Kosovo, the Sinhalese regard the North as Sinhala Buddhist land over-run by South Indian Invaders.

      This view has more recently been dismissed by historians and archeologists, as there is no evidence of large scale population displacement from the North.

      In areas where the Sinhalese were displaced such as in the North Central Province, place names have been replaced by new Tamil names, but in Jaffna there are to the present day “Prakrit” place names, which survive in a Tamil garb, such as Aliyawala(i), kodigama(m), Weligama(m) etc. Jaffna has Prakrit place names because the Sinhala language was developing from 5th century BC, but Sinhala ethnicity and ethnic consciousness is estimated by historians to have emerged only around 12th century AD. Between these two periods, various tribal inhabitants have populated the island (Yakkhas, Nagas, Demadas, and many others) and have spoken the early Sinhala-Prakrit.

      The place names Nagadipa and Nagakovil indicates that a tribe known as the Nagas have been one of the many tribes to populate the Jaffna peninsula. Tamil Sangam literature indicates that Naga poets from Nagadipa have contributed to the Tamil literature. In other words, the Nagas were familiar with both Prakrit and Tamil languages.

      This indicates that rather than wholesale displacement of the population, there has been a gradual Tamilisation. Recent DNA testing has also indicated that Sri Lankan Tamils are genetically closer to the Sinhalese than they are to South Indian Tamils.

      All this and other evidence has led historians to reject the old theories and advocate that what have taken place in Jaffna are language, religion and cultural replacement and not people replacement. The invasion of Rajaraja chola in 992AD resulted in Sri Lanka becoming a province of the South Indian Chola Empire that extended till Java, present day Indonesia.

      The same way that Sri Lankans in Colombo and the Western provinces have undergone language and cultural replacement by acquiring the English language, dress, cultural behavior and Christianity in some instance, because of their contact with Western colonialism from 1505 onwards, Sri Lankans in the North have undergone language and cultural replacement by acquiring the Tamil language, dress, Hinduism and cultural behavior because of their contact with South Indian colonialism from 992AD onwards.

      The place names, the numerous Bo-Trees and ancient Buddhist remains indicate that the people of Jaffna were Buddhists from about 400BC till approximately 992AD, but despite them acquiring the Tamil language, culture and Hinduism, even today, they continue to perform some of their religious rituals under Bo-trees as they did so many generations ago.

      Early Buddhists as Jaffna Peninsula had the principle port to India and a highway to the capital in Anuradhapura which is still in existence today, including some stone bridges.

      They would have been various tribes speaking early Sinhalese (Prakrit) language as Sinhala ethnic identity had not emerged by then. There are many Buddhist temples in Jaffna, which are today Hindu temples with Bo trees. Excavations have uncovered various Buddhist statues, including the Vallipuram gold plate. These are the archeological markers these people left behind before becoming Tamil Speaking people.

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        Sorry to disappoint you Kamamam is a pure Tamil word and is not Prakrit or Sanskrit.

        The Tamil word ‘Kudil’ is appropriated as ‘Kutir’ in Sanskrit . The Tamil word Kamam (for a small place where people live in piece and harmony) is called Kramam or Gramam in Sanskrit with an addition of ‘r’ sound. (example: Kathirkamam). Velikammmam means the village outside. In pure Tamil and Ahankammam now Ahangamma in Sinhalese means the village inside in pure Tamil. Veli means in pure Tamil an open space. Usually sandy. Like Nila veli. This became Weliya in Sinhalese and even the entomology of the Sinhalese word for sand Weli is from the Tamil word Veli and open sandy space. Eg. Bandarawela meaning in Tamil the open space of the prince or higher person. Pandarar ( caste in Tamil) who became the Sinhalese Banda Bandara .
        None of these words have a Prakrit or Sanskrit origin. That does not mean that these influences were there in the north.

        The funny part is when the Sinhalese government ethnically cleansed the Tamil Manal Aru( Sandy river) area in the north east. They literally renamed it WeliOya( Sandy River) in Sinhalese not knowing that these two so called Sinhalese words originated from Tamil. Weli( sand) from the Tamil word Veli( open sandy space) Oya( from old Tamil Oyavvai or Oddai meaning a rivulet)
        Their may be Prakrit words in Sri Lankan Tamil but the original population in the island spoke Elu a Semi Tamil Dravidian dialect which like the Veddah language and old Sinhalese was very close to proper Tamil. If there was language that was called old Chingkalam or Sinhalam ( from the land of the copper/red soil in Tamil) it was very rudimentary and would have been very close to its Tamil/Elu mother. basically Tamil. This later developed and evolved into modern Sinhalese only around the 9th Century. With large influx from Pali and Sanskrit.

        However you are very correct when you state the people of the north and east were largely Buddhist until around the 10Th Century and the Buddhist ruins in these areas relate to them and not the Sinhalese down south. Many of them belong to the Mahayana sect. You found Theravada and Mahayana Buddhists amongst the Tamils but the Sinhalese were only Theravadha.

        Unlike in the south of the island the ancient Elu/Tamil based Chingkallam or Sinhalam language, that is reality was a form of Tamil, never evolved into modern Sinhalese. like in the south but remained Tamil and in fact became proper Tamil that was far closer to classical Tamil, due to the proximity of Tamil South India and the constant invasions for South India. The Chera Chola Pandian and Pallava( Largely Chola). Because of the ancient Saivite religion of the Tamils became the dominant religion again in the north and east and the ancient Tamil language and culture never died out like in the south. Here the ancient Chingkallam/Sinhalam/Elu semi Tamil dialect became proper spoken Tamil, and they all became Saivites back again, whereas in the south of the island due to influence of Buddhism and far lower influence of Tamil South India ( more distance) more Pali and Sanskrit words got mixed up with the semi Tamil old Sinhalese or Chingkallam/Singhalam and it evolved into modern Sinhalese by the 8-9Th century.

        Like what you stated there was no population movement in the north or east. basically the original semi Tamil speaking Naga/Yakka population there became proper Tamil speakers and returned to the Hindu fold again, due to the proximity and influence of South India, whereas in the south Buddhism took hold and with that came the huge influx of Pali and Sanskrit words associated with Buddhism into the vocabulary of the local Semi Tamil Elu/Chingkallam ?Sinhalam speaking population and even the proper Tamil speaking population and this dialect gradually evolved into modern Sinhalese by the 8-9Th century.

        The Bo tree is sacred to Hinduism and is not special to Buddhism. It is called Arasa Maram in Tamil meaning king of the trees. Bo trees are found in all Hindu temples not only in the north and east but also in India. Lord Budda was a Hindu prince and being a Hindu he sat underneath the Bo tree as this was sacred to Hindus.

        Early Sinhalese or old Sinhalese(Chingkallam/Sinhalam) was very close to its Tamil mother and not to Prakrit. In pronunciation and structure. When ever historians like Mudaliar Rasanayagam, talk about early Sinhalese or Sinhalam or Chingkalam they are referring to these ancient people who spoke this semi Tamil dialect, that did have Prakrit words. Now Sinhalese extremists Chauvinists and pseudo historians are twisting this fact and try to misinterpret this as modern Sinhalese and Sinhalese people, who evolved from these people.

        Like what you state both the Sri Lankan Tamils and modern Sinhalese ( not the 50% assimilated recent South Indian imports like the Karawa Durawa. Salagamma ETC) are largely descended from these early Sinhalese or Chingkallavar ( People from the land of the red/copper soil) or Eelavar( people from the land of god/toddy ) or Hela. This is the reason they are still genetically closer to each other than to others. No Sinhalese was forced to move from the north and east en masse and Tamils from south India took their lands. These Tamils were already living there. Basically with the arrival of Buddhism and also due to the influence of South India and invasions, two different identities formed in the island. In the north and east the Sri Lankan Tamil identity that was Saivite and in the rest of the island the Buddhist Sinhalese identity

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          Sorry peace and harmony and not piece and harmony

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            LOL Cool story, bro :D

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          Real Siva Sankaran Sarma,

          Originally, the word ‘Sinhalese’ meant an inhabitant of Ilam irrespective of race. The early
          Sinhala people comprised, essentially Tamils with scarcely an appreciable admixture of
          Magadhi blood (Vijaya and the accompanying immigrants were said to be Magadhis from
          Magadha in North-East India). The dress of the early Sinhalese, their habits, customs and religion were those of the Tamils while their language was a hybrid of Tamil and Magadhi.

          It is worth spending some time on the research carried out by Samuel Livingstone and published in his valuable book ‘The Sinhalese of Ceylon and the Aryan Theory’. Examining place names, Mr. Livingstone has found that the suffix ‘Gama’ in Sinhala place names corresponds to ‘Kamam’ (meaning cultivated land) in Tamil. Some Sinhala place names with this suffix are Ahangama; Weligama and Magama to name a few. The word Aham in Ahamgama means ‘inside’ in Tamil. The word Weli means outside in Tamil. So that Ahamgama is a village inside and Weligama is a village outside or in the open. Mahagama which is a shortened form of Maharagama means the large village.

          The Sinhala word Goda or Gode corresponds with the Tamil word Kodu meaning peak or mountain. Examples are Veyangoda (possibly Vyalkudi – village in the middle of fields), Wattegoda (is possibly Wattakudi – a circular village), Ambalangoda (is possibly Ambalamkudi – a village where there is an Ambalam or village hall).

          The Sinhala suffix Mulla corresponds with the Tamil Moolai – corner. The Sinhala suffix Pitiya corresponds with the Tamil Pitti – mound while the Sinhala suffix Pola corresponds with the Tamil Pallai – meaning fair or market, which is exactly what a Pola is.

          This can go on ad infinitum but the readers get the general trend. Mr. Livingstone says that long before language was reduced to writing, people went on repeating words from sounds that they heard from the mouths of others and, according to the peculiar ways people spoke in different areas, consonants got interchanged in different ways.

          The process of coalescence, once happily commenced between the Tamil and Magadhi settlers, continued until it was interrupted by a religious commotion which took place in B.C. 307, when Buddhism was introduced and established in Ceylon; and the Tamils from the continent when they arrived, easily blended with the old settlers and were absorbed, so long as the old settlers followed Saivaism, now changed their character and became invaders. The Buddhist converts (i.e. the old residents) retained their old name, ‘Singhalese’, while the new comers and the adherents to the Original faith, Saivaism, were ranked as Damilas (Tamils).

          The Buddhist monks, who had soon begun to change the Buddhist philosophy to a ‘religion’ of their own devising succeeded in their efforts to create a new religion out of the Buddhist philosophy and the Buddhist kings who ruled the island came under their grip. For example, Duttugemunu’s declaration, according to the Mahavamsa, before marching against Elara was, ‘I fight not for Dominion but for the sake of the religion of the Buddha’. One can see how the Buddhist Monks had succeeded in their efforts. It is said that while Duttugemunu was tormented by the countless deaths resulting from his battles, the Buddhist monks consoled him by assuring him that ‘If a person kills a person who is not a Buddhist, he has not killed a human being and therefore should have no remorse’.

          Even today, the Buddhist monks are following and doing exactly what they did 2000 years ago.

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            Siva you are stating the same thing that I stated that the early Sinhalese people Chingkallavar or Chingkalam meaning in Tamil the land of copper or red soil were essentially Tamils and they spoke a dialect of Tamil called Chingkalam and has nothing to do with modern Sinhalese that evolved from this Tamil Dialect. with the mixture of Pali and Sanskrit with the arrival of Buddhism. This newly evolved language took the ancient name Chingkalam and became Sinhala. Nothing to do with lions.
            Another name
            If Vijaya arrived the chances are he came from the Pandian country and not from north India, this is why he returned to the Pandian country to get brides for his companions and a bride for him and the Pandians gave him their women willingly, as he was one of them and spoke the language. Even is he was from what is now Bengal or the Maghada country they would have hardly made any impact in the genetic make up of the local population, especially if they married Tamil women. Notice all the kings for the next 200 years until the arrival of Buddhism took Tamil names and were Saivites. It only the arrival of Buddhism that changed the identity of the south of the island.
            If you notice the Sinhalese considered the Tamil Pandians their allies and 90% of their kings are of Pandian origin and took Pandian princess as their brides, then after the demise of the Pandians the Tamil speaking Nayakas who ruled this region. They considered the Tamil Chola who were also the enemies of the Pandians their enemies and called them Demala.

            It is ironic that now two communities that originated from the ancient Tamil or semi Tamil speaking Eezhavas or Chingkallavar now identify themselves with one of these ancient Tamil names. The Tamils with Eelam/Eezham and call themselves Eelam Tamils and the Sinhalese with Chingkalam and call themselves Sinhala

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              Real Siva Sankaran Sarma and all other Sivas,

              All your arguments will turn zero when you investigate the real facts.
              A very large amount archaeological excavations has taken place in Sri Lanka and also in Tamil Nadu and in both places many thousands of historical evidence have been found.

              Prakrit (a language spoken by the people in ancient Lanka that the German Pali scholar Wilhelm Geiger, who analysed the language of the Island called it Sinhala-Prakrit or Old-Sinhala) whereas Tamil (a language spoken by the people in ancient South India was called Old-Tamil). Prakrit is somewhat similar to the North Indian language (Indo-Aryan) whereas Tamil is a South Indian Dravidian language.

              Let us consider the ancient inscriptions (more than a thousand) that belongs to the period before the arrival of Buddhism (before B.C. 300) in Sri Lanka. Several Sinhalese and Tamil Archaeologists and Epigraphists have studied and analysed all these inscriptions in detail.

              Surprisingly it is found that more than 90% of the inscriptions (over thousand) found in Sri Lanka before the arrival of Buddhism were written in Prakrit-Brahmi inscriptions (or rather old Sinhala-Brahmi inscriptions) whereas more than 90% of the inscriptions found in Tamil Nadu during the same period were written in Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions (or rather old Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions). By the time when Buddhism arrived in the island, the language called Prakrit (Sinhala-Prakrit) was already in existence.

              If all what you people are saying (trying to claim) are true, how come the ancient inscriptions in Sri Lanka (even before Buddhism) turned out to be in Prakrit and not Tamil whereas during the same period the ancient inscriptions in Tamil Nadu were in Tamil and not Prakrit?

              Please answer this if you have the facts.

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            Negombo, Anurathapuram were ancient Tamil cities and occupied recently. Go and learn real history. Nallur in Jaffna is the last Tamil kingdom and which one is occupied by Europians. Sankiliyan is the last king for Tamil Kingdom and the capital is Nallur in Jaffna…………Burnt Tamil’s library in Jaffna with lots of evidences by Singhalese minister Gamini Thissanaayaka was unforgettable event in Tamils history. Remember that Jaffna library was the largest one in Asia..Do not to rewrite new history with false information.

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        Mr. Ranatunga,

        You seem to be having formed an opinion that I am out on Sinhalese hunt. In fact I do know very little history but just to edge above only Mahindapala. I personally don’t care who lived where or who is where now. I was deprived of my education. Giving it up, I went to Colombo to seek a job and live. But I was chased out of there, not once, but twice. I live in a place that I have no historical connection with me. I live there only because it a place where I can live peacefully. It is not really important for me to have Tamils history established, though I am very proud of their age old history. So why the Tamils’ history is has to be established? Sinhala Government deprived a group people lives identifying them as Tamils and labeling them as outsiders of Ceylon. For 100 years Sinhala, Government could not be stopped of its rampant wiping out Tamil from the island. The Tamil school students’ books are falsified to make them illusioned and Tamils’ future generation to bear the suppression of the Sinhala Government. So Tamils have to establish the truth that the “label of Sinhalese” is not real, especially not any much different from Tamils and Tamil are not new to Ceylon. So, please bear with me if I have to differ from you.

        A simple or light excavation near to the Pancha Esvarams sites will prove that there was a very old, (as old as 5000 years) Hindu Culture existed. That will not help. Sinhala Buddhist, when claim the land is theirs only, they are claiming it as Sinhala-Buddhist Land, no talk about Sinhala Hindu that is what arrived in Ceylon as per Mahanama. No talk about Sinhala Christians though all the rulers of the past and present, after Invasion of Europeans are Christians. Don Stephen to British mercenary Albert’s son has their Christian connection. Once the racism starts they do not care they too were Hindus and Christians. Just by changing their names, but not changing their minds to the path of Buddha’s preaching, they declare that they are genuine Sinhala Buddhists. Those who just changed their name in this generation and became Sinhala Buddhist are questioning the legitimacy of the Ariya Chakravartis, they have been ruling for 800 years. Sinhalese deny or show displeasure to know of any artifacts that could exit for the period between Prince Vijaya’s arrival and Arahat Mahinda’s arrival. They are insisting on to ignore that part of their history, which is even accepted by Mahavamsa.

        Tamil literatures dated long before Mahavamsa is talking about the land connection of Ceylon and India. The separation took place by some seismic activities. Sunken towns’ locations are identified by British researchers. Money needed to dive and bring out the artifacts and study the Ceylon- India connection. Once it is done, either I am wrong or you are wrong or you and I are partly correct. But unfortunately, India is not willing to know how Tamils lived; Lankawe is twisting the truth. So no one has put the effort to study these sunken towns.

        As there was a land connection has existed very recently, accepting that a different people than Tamil Nadu has lived in Ceylon or they had spoken a language that is substantially different from Tamil is not acceptable. Even the Vedda living in Ceylon has walked in here as descendants of Tamil Nadu aboriginal people.

        Sinhalese learned the Pali as a second language. Sinahlese did not learn the Tamil. They spoke it. Sinhalese learned the Buddhism. Sinhalese did not learn to pray the Hindu Gods. They practiced it. (I talk to Vietnam, Chinese, Japanese & Korean Buddhists- Their knowledge about Hinduism is zero.) In the Eastern India Kali is prayed by Hindus. Sinhalese does not pray Kali. Sinhalese pray Kataragama Deviyo Lord Muruga and Pathini Deviyo, Kannagi. Lord Muruga is prayed only in Tamil Nadu and Ceylon, and Kannagi prayed only in Ceylon by Tamils and Sinhalese. With the extensive knowledge of Hinduism, and paying Kannagi after that custom of Praying her is lost even in Tamil Nadu, Sinhalese stands as more of Sangam Period Tamil Nadu Tamil-Hindus than the Tamils of current days.

        Sorry… But that is the truth.

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          Malleurin, that is the way we should discuss things, politely and patiently, trying to understand the other point of view. Although, this reply is not directed at me, I appreciate it.

          Let us be nice to each other. but if any of you guys want a battle, we are ready for that too.

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            Thanks for accepting my points to Mr. Ranatunga, and coming back to me.

            IC has observed very well that Sinhala Governments are using Mangalas to co-sign UNHRC resolution and Wimals to fast in front of UN to keep their agenda going. So now they know who is who and they are, instead of understanding the individuals, comprehending the purpose of Sinhala Governments fraudulently co-signing of resolutions.

            If you have born as dog, you would be wagging your tail. If you are born as one in the Monk-ies, you would be screeching and monkeying around. But you could not be -A (one)- birth. That is because Vijeya’s Grandma did not just sleep with lion, she slept with lot of others and they all come to Ceylon. That is what bothering you. That is why you are wagging your dog’s tail and monkeying around screeching.

            I don’t want to repl(a)y to you. Because in Tamil they say “Naikku addichchu Pallilipaarkaathe”. You don’t have a Willow bat. You are playing the hard ball with fiber bat and letting others hurt. When I throw the ball and you let it go not meeting, those who are standing near by are being hurt.

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    Some correction s of your distortions of history and outright lies mentioned in your first Para
    “One of the main thrusts of [peninsular] South politics was to distort Sri Lankan history and polarise the two communities to keep them apart on ethnic lines. It began with SWRD Bandaranayake [G. G. Ponnambalam] who launched his political campaign in the thirties by targeting theTamils [Sinhalese] and their history. He became the champion of the [Sinhalese] Tamils by delivering a nine-hour lecture to the Soulbury Commissioners in which he blamed “the Sinhala government” for “discriminating” against the Tamils. Neither [SWRD] he nor any of his successors who held the leadership of South[Jaffna] stood for any progressive, liberal, socialist, or pluralistic political programmes for peaceful co-existence. They survived in politics by rousing communal passions in Jaffna against the Tamils [Sinhalese.”]
    [lies are bracketed]

    Sinhala Only Act of 1956 is the cause of all miseries in Sri Lanka as accepted by SWRD’s daughter Chandrika Bandaranayaka. To come to the true history, read Paul Pieris’s book ‘Nagadipa and Buddhist remains in Jaffna” XXV1 17 of 1917.
    “Long before the arrival of Vijayan there were five recognized Iswarams of Shiva in Sri Lanka which claimed and received adoration of all India.”
    This confirms the inhabiting of Saiva Tamils all over the Island during pres Christian era.
    Besides Vijayan [Vijaya] who according to Mahavamsa is believed to be the first settler from India in BC 483 should have been a Tamil speaking Tamil Language as he brought 700 Tamil brides for him and his friends from Pandiyan Kingdom, so historically Sri Lanka’s original owners are Tamils later inhabited by the Sinhalese.
    King Senrath was only harassing the Portuguese and there is no historical evidence in Jaffna with his marks in the Kingdom of Jaffna. There is no need to bother about who ruled last or in between in the face of historical evidences. Rule of Tamils in Sri Lanka occurred several times until Portuguese ruled in AD 1505.

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    To all the Tamil folks,

    The Sinhalese do not belong to any particular race/tribe, but are a mixture of several tribes/races evolved into one ethnic group. It consists of Nagas, Yaksas, various North Indians (Bihar, Bengal, Orissa, Gujarat, etc.), various South Indian Dravidian groups (Tamils, Kerala Malabars, Andara Telugus, etc.), Veddhas, Arabs, Europeans (Portuguse, Dutch, British), Malays, Africans and so on.

    The Sinhala nation is progressing well in the right direction as a united ethnic group. We have given up all those primitive behavior long ago. Today, in the 21st century, we are one group of people, “the Sinhalese” and NOT up-country, low-country, govigama, karawa, and so on. Today the down south (low-country Sinhalese) people have settled in up-country and mixed with kandyan people. Sinhalese are free to settle and mix with any other Sinhalese irrespective of caste, religion, region, etc.

    Take a look at the Tamils, first of all, they are divided region wise like the primitive tribes and not only that, each tribe hates each other. For example, the Colombo Tamils, Jaffna Tamils, Batticaloa Tamils, Vanni Tamils, Up-country Tamils (5 different tribes from different regions, each one hates the other). Now, within each tribe, they are further divided into castes, Vellala and others, each one hate the other. The Muslims, Burghers, Malays, and others are also tribes/races like the 5 Tamil tribes in Sri Lanka.

    The combination of Sinhala Ethnic group and all other tribes/races mentioned above together forms the Sri Lankan Nation. Even today the Sinhalese are ready to inter marry and take all these tribes/races into their fold to form a larger Sinhala ethnic group. Come out from your primitive tribal mindset and let us become one single nation.

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      Somapala

      “The Sinhala nation is progressing well in the right direction as a united ethnic group.”

      I am not sure if you are willing to seek/make proposals to Rodiyas, Kinnaras, …. happily allow your children to have inter-caste marriages.

      Amazing the Sinhala/Buddhiststs find B/G male private part is compatible only with another B/G female private part.

      Here is a sample of MARRIAGE PROPOSALS

      Excerpts

      slim educated daughter below 33 sought by Colombo suburbs G/C parents for their Australian citizen academically qualified Accountant

      Sunday Observer
      01 January 2017

      Excerpts

      Above 29 academically & professionally qualified well employed TT/NS son from good family within Colombo/suburb sought by B/G parents for their well-mannered BSc

      Academically and professionally qualified partner below 35 yrs, above 5’5” is sought by G/B well-known business parents for their younger daughter who is 30 yrs, 5’3”,

      Academically and professionally qualified partner is sought by G/B parents with a very good family background for their 25 years old, slim, pretty, smart daughter 5’5’’,

      sundayobserver.lk
      2015/02/08

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      The Sinhalese do not belong to any particular race/tribe, but are a mixture of several tribes/races evolved into one ethnic group. It consists of Nagas, Yaksas, various North Indians (Bihar, Bengal, Orissa, Gujarat, etc.), various South Indian Dravidian groups (Tamils, Kerala Malabars, Andara Telugus, etc.), Veddhas, Arabs, Europeans (Portuguse, Dutch, British), Malays, Africans and so on.

      The Sinhala nation is progressing well in the right direction as a united ethnic group. We have given up all those primitive behavior long ago. Today, in the 21st century, we are one group of people, “the Sinhalese” and NOT up-country, low-country, govigama, karawa, and so on. Today the down south (low-country Sinhalese) people have settled in up-country and mixed with kandyan people. Sinhalese are free to settle and mix with any other Sinhalese irrespective of caste, religion, region, etc.

      Not so quick dear friend.

      First know who is a Sinhalese and who is a Hindu. Don’t mix up language with religions by poor understanding of those differences.

      The Old Royals’ nasty behavior is psychologically explained as arising from suppression by Kandyan Royals SWRD, Sirimavo, Chandrika… I understand that RJ forced SWRD to bring social equity act. But it didn’t work that fast in Sinhalese where Buddhism is opposing the caste system. True it needs another way to deal with it in Hindus. Most of them are Tamils.

      Further it is said Sirimavo’s family and RA’s families are Hindu Tamils that is why the caste difference is there. You appear to be misunderstanding that too.

      Sinhalese are not that mixed; that is not correct either; basically they are Dravidians. The rest is no important. Most of them are forcefully added by Sinhala Historians to claim that they are not Tamils. Sad, but what to say, that is what they are doing.

      Jaffna – Batticaloa caste problem was attended by only one person – that is leader Prabhakaran. Sinhala Goverment abolished that because if he had solved that problem they would not have something to wedge between Tamils.

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    In the recent US elections a GOP stalwart claimed that Michelle Obama is a man. Though it appeared stupid, there were the bigots who believed this.

    HLD M’s claim is equally stupid. It is meant to satisfy the group who like such stories.

    HLD M has taken lot of time to dream this up. But he is not very bright.

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    “One other point that is noteworthy is that in the officials records of the Portuguese, Dutch and the early 19th century British there wasn’t a community known as the Tamils. The Jaffna Tamils were consistently branded as Malabaris.”

    In the year 1498, Vasco De Gama’s landing in Malabar (Kerela) marked the beginning of the era of foreign Intervention in the region. The Dutch preceded the Portuguese, and then the British East INDIA Company had been on the Malabar Coast since 1684. It was from Malabar that the Portuguese came to Sri Lanka. They found two different ethnic groups living in Sri Lanka in two different land areas, the one living closer to the Malabar Coast had a similar language, religion and culture to the Malabars. Without any hesitation, they called them Malabars even though there was a Tamil Kingdom and the people spoke Tamil when they arrived. The Dutch who preceded them continued to call them Malabars and the British also called them Malabars but later when they realized that it was a mistaken identity, that they were not Malabars but Tamils, they corrected it. Similarly, due to Buddhism and the Buddhist culture, they also called the Sinhalese as the descendants of the Siamese people.

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      “The Last King of Jaffna Was A Sinhala-Buddhist”

      Mahindapala and others,

      The arrival of the Portuguese in the 15th century and the fall of Jaffna Kingdom led to turbulence in the Northern and Eastern districts of Ceylon. The Tamil Hindus of North and East came under severe atrocities, the Portuguese were attacking (demolishing) the Hindu temples and forcefully converting the Hindus to Christianity/Catholism. The only kingdom that was left (existed) in Sri Lanka during that period (both Kotte and Jaffna kingdoms fell into the hands of the Portuguese) was the Kandyan kingdom and therefore many of the old Tamil Hindu principalities of North and East sought protection from the Kandyan king. (The Tamil Hindus had no problems being under the Buddhist Kandyan king rather than the Christian Portuguese).

      However, the Kandyan rule of North and East does not deny the Tamil presence in those areas. Some parts of the Northern and Eastern Province coming under the Kandyan Kingdom made no difference to the Tamil position in regard to the inhabitancy. The Tamils would have had and yet have no objection what so ever to the benevolent and accommodating rule of the kandyan king and see no inconsistency in the Tamil claim to those areas even under the Kandyan rule.

      The Tamils were a clear cut majority in that region until post-independent governments colonized Sinhalese in the region. Even though some parts of the Northern and Eastern Province came under the umbrella of the Kandyan Kingdom, the census of Ceylon conducted in 1881 indicates that the two Tamil provinces (North & East) were inhabited almost exclusively by Tamils. The Sinhalese population constituted only 1.8% of the total population of the two Tamil provinces in 1881; Sinhalese accounted for only 0.51% of the total population of the Northern Province, and 4.2% of the Eastern Province. Even in the census of 1920 only 4 percent of the population of the Eastern Province was Sinhalese. It is only in the past fifty years that there has been a substantial influx of Sinhalese settlements through state intervention.

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        Kumar,

        Excellent.

        Dr.RN

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    Mr. HLDM – The Jaffna Library, with age old history books, was burnt
    by Buddhist fundamentalists with the help of thugs for a purpose to hide the actual facts of Lankan history, which was always a part of Indian History. Age old history books stated that inter marriages took place between the Tamil and Singhalese Royalties, crossing the Palk Strait and the fact was that the children produced by these marriages stayed in Lanka and were called Lankans. With the introduction of Buddhism into Lanka by Lord Buddha, certain sect of people, who became the majority with Buddhism as their religion and Sinhala as their langu
    -age, which is a by-product of Pali language and Tamils of cause, who were descendants of South Indian Tamils, struck to Tamil as their
    Language and Hinduism as their religion and natural separation took
    place due different Language & religion.
    After burning of the Jaffna library, many historians came up with new history books with half truth and which one you referred to produce
    the above article? Mr.HLDM. The Lankan history is so messed up and many Sinhala people believe that the Tamils of N/E were brought by Colonial Britain along with Indian labour force in the 19th century and people tend to belief King Elara/ Prince Dutu Gemunu encounter
    at A’Pura in the 15th or 16th centuries ago, was a myth.

    So HLDM, Pls group above comments, which contains valuable historical
    information and make it a history book and title it as Lankan History – Edition 2017

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      Tamil is the oldest language – no one candeny that:

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        No one can deny? Except perhaps people who know some history of languages.
        The oldest available literary work in Tamil is barely a few centuries BC with writings reflecting a fairly early stage of social evolution, like the era of Greek heroic poetry.

        My worry is not its age but its increasing irrelevance to modern society, thanks to the dominance of archaic views.

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    This toad face has spoiled the new year for many. A sure cause of depression for the few who waste their time reading this crap.

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    So what!

    The last king of Kandy, in fact the last Ceylonese king, was a Tamil Hindu; and he signed his surrender document in Tamil!

    No need for a long write up on this.

    And the famous Kandy Perahera was originally started to take out the Hindu deities. So what!

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    HLDM, ofcourse you know the Sinhalese descended from an east indian woman who fornicated with a Sinhaya as there were no Sinhala men man enough to sire progeny at that time.

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    Mahindapala, who cares. You and your Mahawanse is the problem.It is full of lies.

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    Yes Mahindapala, we have fabricated and falsified the Sinhala history.That had left for the likes of you to write these nonsense.

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    The problem of the Tamils is certainly the Mahavamsa, the oldest and the only continuous chronicle of the history of a country. There is no other chronicle that comes even close to it in the whole world. It is such a great thing that the Tamils are kicking themselves for not starting one like that themselves.

    But it is not possible for them to do that now. They missed the bus, if there were any, thousands of years ago. It is such a pity. Having an advanced (according to Tamils) language albeit the absence of many important sounds and the addition of some distortions, they never thought of doing that even now.

    They insult Mahavamsa, its author Mahanama Thera and the Sinhalese and claim it is all lies. And in the typical Tamilian way, they just don’t want to move a finger to do something constructive themselves. Even now, like monkeys, talking of building houses in the rainy season, and then forgetting the whole thing once the rainy season is over, they only look with green eyes at us.

    I have a theory about those missing sounds like ha, e. The screws were loose and they fell by the wayside. This has been the problem with the Tamils, too many loose screws and no one to tighten them up. Instead from time to time Tamil Kings like Pare Paharan are ordained, who with their loose screws imagine they can capture the whole country. What they do not realize is that it is not easy to fight with a legitimate state and win.

    So things are repeated in a cycle. The Tamils have loose screws, do not know how to screw and they loose them. The job of screwing them also falls on us the over-screwed Sinhalese.

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      EDWIN RODRIGO

      “The problem of the Tamils is certainly the Mahavamsa, the oldest and the only continuous chronicle of the history of a country. There is no other chronicle that comes even close to it in the whole world.”

      The real problem with Mahawamsa is that it has lies and imaginations, we know to be lies, but believed by Sinhala Buddhists to be True, especially because of its age. Others have similar chronicles or revelations.

      As a result, Sinhala Buddhism, in certain aspects, turned out to be an insult to Buddhism.

      Furthermore, Mahawamsa is an Insult to the Buddha.

      Mahavamsa- An Insult To The Buddha!By Sharmini Serasinghe

      Wonder if ours might have been a wiser, and a more ‘humane’ society, had our ‘ancient’ history, been based on Aesop’s Fables, instead of the Mahavamsa. For if not for the Mahavamsa, the Sinhalese may not have been endowed, with the reputation, of “Sinhalaya Modaya (The Sinhalese are Fools)”!

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/mahavamsa-an-insult-to-the-buddha/

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        Amarasiri, you say, “The real problem with Mahawamsa is that it has lies and imaginations, we know to be lies, but believed by Sinhala Buddhists to be True, especially because of its age. Others have similar chronicles or revelations”.

        All old chronicles contain exaggerations, myths and untruths to a certain degree. In Mahavamsa too, these are there for sure, but to conclude all of it is lies and imagination is unfair. If you believe that, then certainly you are doing an injustice yourself rather than to Mahavamsa.

        The Mahavamsa allows us to work out a year by year temporal record of the Kings in power, the social and cultural changes, details human conflicts, etc. with a lot of confidence. Even if you reject what Mahavamsa says, the reality of the huge monuments such as Ruwaneli Seya, Abhayagiriya and Jethawana Stupa cannot be ignored. Who built them, what were the techniques and materials used, the logistics involved etc. are of great interest not only Sinhalese Buddhists but to all humanity including well known archaeologists who were fascinated by them.

        If you take the Civil Engineering and Architectural aspects of Ruwanveli Seya, Prof M. P. Ranaweera of Peradeniya Engineering Faculty explains that the shape of the Ruwanseli Seya has been selected not in an arbitrary manner but deliberately so that there are only compressive stresses in the structure. Tensile stresses have been almost completely avoided. Prof Ranaweera further explains that this has been discovered by analyzing the Dagobas, using a well known method called FEM (Finite Element Method). Prof Ranaweera happens to be a world expert in FEM.
        Avoiding tensile stresses in brick mud structures is of huge importance if they are to survive for a long time.

        Until the Romans invented the Roman Arch, which avoids tensile stresses completely, structures such as door frames, bridges, viaducts failed because of tensile stresses.

        Unlike the Pyramids of Egypt, which were built entirely using slave labour, Ruwanveli Seya was built using voluntary labour. People came and worked and were given food, accommodation, health care and wages. The dictum was ‘Give according to your ability and take according to what you deserve’. Money was just heaped on tables and the volunteers took what they thought they deserved. No one checked how much each was taking. Mahavamsa helps us to get some idea about these matters without which we would have been completely in the dark.

        The logistics of providing such volunteers with accommodation, food, tools, health care etc, how the progress of such a huge project was tracked, the materials used remain etc. remain as marvels even by modern standards.

        About Sharmini Serasinghe and her usual tirades against Buddhism and Mahavamsa, the less said the better.

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          >rof Ranaweera further explains that this has
          >been discovered by analyzing the Dagobas, using a
          >well known method called FEM (Finite Element Method).

          Any publication please.

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            I know that there have been research publications on the subject by Prof. Ranaweera dating back to the late 1990’s. I cannot list all, but a quick Google search yielded, among others, the following
            http://www.stupa.org.nz/imagine/CHSPaper.pdf

            Sound structural analysis, perhaps not in the modern sense, but based on empirical understanding, has existed from the time of the pyramids and other major structures.

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              “”Sound structural analysis,””
              Your communist ideology has its limits.
              Go read the Indian culture and religions of India.This is the position of Government of India. Lanka are political lies about Indian God who has become Sinhalese with time.
              The relationship the Hindu Dynasty Sena with Tamil Nadu is well known. The structures of Maharashtra Ajanta Ellora etc were built on Tamil Nadu Structural Engineering of Hindu temples- central shaft- the umbrella.Edwin can go to town because he is not 80. His professor Commie Kumar is just about 80 and aligning close to former LTTE Dr RN who comments with a vengeance- A lie.

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            sbarrkum, I have hard copies of these articles:

            1) Materials used in the construction, conservation and restoration of ancient stupas in Sri Lanka

            Munidasa Ranaweera & Helasiri Abeyruwan

            Paper presented at 2nd International Congress on Construction History held in Queen’s College, Cambridge, UK (2006)

            2) Conservation and Restoration of Ancient Stupas in Sri Lanka

            Munidasa Ranaweera & Gemunu Silva

            3) Ancient Stupas in Sri Lanka – Largest Brick Structures in the World

            M.P. Ranaweera

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              You are losing your marbles. The papers you are discussing are not the gospel truth- perhaps another Wikipedia reference. Even the world at large accept that Gautama was the philosophy of a Brahmin not Dalit. Only the English finally learnt Sanskrit (around late 1800 and in the night from a poor brahmin and others followed- this after the Greek odyssey Chandergupta Maurya.
              even today lanka employs indians to do that type of construction.
              Aren’t you a pirate?? Pali is not classical as its a weapon used by neighbours to destabilise India.

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                Emanuel, go for an MRI. That will be the closest equivalent of a FEM for finding out what is wrong with your brain. may be you have too much of tensile stress, and if so it is very important to find out how much, where and when. If you do not relieve them, what happened to Mirisavetiya may happen to you.

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                  Hello Edwin Appu, I thought you would ALREADY have been enjoying your Karankoku Mallum කැරන් කොකු – filled with HIGH contents of Cd AND As and varied other contaminants- permitting your livecells (CYt450)to do the job in the process of becoming an another to increasing Kidney patients down there.

                  This is just we failed to read from you Yesterday.

                  Alone your thought to join for a Meal with Rajapakshe supporters in Mathugama (as you already boasted) intentionally harming your kidneys -made me clear how naive the play boy has been. Anyways, great holidays back in HC.

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                    Hello Sam Manappu, Thanks. Right now, for obvious reasons that is all I can say.

                    Oh yes by the way, Silvestra, my Josie will be accompanying us.

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                    Cadmium Poisoning

                    Sam, you said, “I thought you would ALREADY have been enjoying your Karankoku Mallum කැරන් කොකු – filled with HIGH contents of Cd AND As and varied other contaminants——“.

                    Seriously speaking, I am bringing, Centrum capsules with LUTEIN and A to Zinc (Zinc, to protect against Cd).

                    Also I am bringing 15 kg Indian Basmati rice, so as to avoid Lanka rice.

                    Don’t want to take any chances.

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                      Pleased to know you too are well alert on your health. That is something. Not to panik but it is believed the rates are high down there.
                      Anyways, better to avoid eating Nelum Ala or the like (No clue on Carankoku) – that are said to be contaning more heavy metal accumulations than in other vegetables. I hapened to read few of publications since we are well alert on helping the Rajarata farming community that unfortunately face Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Eiology for not having proper drinking water (CDUKE) and ofcourse the disease is connected with multiple – factors.
                      https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26162605
                      I am also informed that Uni of Edinburough has joined one of the lanken medical faculties to carry out an observational study on CDUKe patients.

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                      15 kg rice alone + out of 30 kg/passenger – yes lankens in general are world champions to eat a plate of rice to the size of Ruwanwalisaya not just once but thrice a day :). Eating habits will remain as had been earlier days; I believe common man is kept away from awareness on daily intakes and as a result even paediatric-diabetes is on a rice in the country today.

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                      “”Also I am bringing 15 kg Indian Basmati rice, so as to avoid Lanka rice.
                      “”
                      Please feed the stray dogs with it. Will you??

                      you just proved it that sri lanka is alla battala- that is the J.H. cure.

                      Ceylon it was muthu samba, and a quick check from any Indian in the ME they confirm Pakistani Kashmir Basmati(cooks in 3 mins)- the fragrant one after 1 year.

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                  “”Emanuel, go for an MRI. That will be the closest equivalent of a FEM for finding out what is wrong with your brain.””

                  this time over you got a short circuit between legs- stick to your stupid subject.

                  Stay on the gum tree in the 6th if not 5th with your missus.

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                    Emanuel, you say, “this time over you got a short circuit between legs- stick to your stupid subject”.

                    As an electrical guy I know a lot about short circuits. But one must actually experience one to know really about it. And you seem to have great experience on it. Perhaps that is why you throw insults without any provocation on my part.

                    I only made a comment about Stupas and FEM and you start insulting me? Why? Is it a provocation?

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                      What part is that Loku Unna part?

                      You usually wet your pants 50 odd.
                      keep your head above your shoulder- some facts are sacred at least for all- chk BBS.

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              Finite Element Analysis of Stupas

              To all interested, I find that all of the above 3 articles are available in the web. Just google for the full title of each.

              From the references given at the end of each article, you may go to others on the same subject.

              Prof Ranaweera has given Mahavamsa as one of the retrenches in his articles. So, even if you hate Mahavamsa, you cannot just discount it unless you are a to fool.

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                THE IRONY.

                3) Ancient Stupas in Sri Lanka – Largest Brick Structures in the World”” they came from outer space Ne de?? not by sinhalya.

                When the Portugese arrived they introduced Spanish Missionary 1/2 Round Clay Tiles for Sinhalaya to take shelter as much as Columbus introduced it to the Americas.

                curious:Bricks are one of the oldest known building materials dating back to 7000BC where they were first found in southern Turkey and around Jericho. The first bricks were sun dried mud bricks.

                Indians do not waste time on stupa’s as there are the….Jericho.

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                  Emanuel,

                  The jealous are troublesome to others, but a torment to themselves. (William Penn}.

                  Emanuel, are you tormented?

                  But I must ignore the jealous, the malicious, the ignorant, the ignore the paranoid. the shoe seems to fit you , wear it Emanuel. It is you who will suffer.

                  With the 33 crore deities, Tamils invented Infinite Element Analysis. Later the British, in an act of plagiarism, invented Finite Element Analysis.

                  Why is it that Tamils are almost infinitely long in everything except their Sivalingams? Their tails are longer, swims are longer and even the trailers of Tamil movies are longer than a whole movie of an English movie. I remember once going for a Tamil movie starring MGR. The guy started giving a lecture to a crowd of Tamils and was taking his time on it and I thought that it would be a good time to visit the toilet.

                  There was a long queue of people who probably had the same thought and it took me around half an hour to get back to my seat. And still MGR was going on with his tirade. It was so boring. Good thing I paid only 50 cents for the ticket.

                  Emanuel, if you want to prolong this exchange forever, I am game for it. It fits with my intentions nicely. So feel free to insult me as much as you like.

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                    Materials used in making Bricks for Ancient Stupas

                    Bricks: Mahavamsa Thermoluminescence (TL) dating of bricks from ancient stupas has established their dates of manufacture within 7% of the historical dates.

                    Jethavana Stupa: Design and construction

                    As the largest ancient stupa constructed and one of the tallest ancient structures in the world, the structural ingenuity and engineering skills employed for the construction are significant. The foundations …reuired bricks which could withstand loads of up to 166 kg….. the unique shape of a perfect ellipsoid allowed for stress and thus allowed the construction of the large structure.

                    The bricks used for the construction were a significant development of ancient Sri Lankan engineering….could withstand 281 kg/in2. Linear elastic finite element analysis under self weight produced a maximum compressive stress of 839 kPa at the bottom centre, thus the maximum stress in the dome is ten times less than what the bricks could withstand.

                    But the bricks raised by the Sinhalayas were no comparison to the Bricks dropped by Damilayas

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                      The reason of course is the jealousy that Damilaya have for us.

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                    you are the paid troll on a stupid mission perhaps at baharain or diego. You write rubbish just like the wiki editors.
                    keep writing more rubbish.
                    BTW your free education and your pop never had a house of own??

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                    Even today I enjoy the films with little or no dialogue while relaying purely on the visual nature of cinema..The Thief (1952);
                    The Naked Island (1960,Japanese);Le Bal (1983)

                    Poor boy enjoy, widen horizons when you understand the moving image in the old cinemas that screen them.
                    (BTW Chennai is the worlds largest production site for movies not Hollywood from the late 60’s- its the tech city that Brits left for them to fend- the indian north is mindful like throughout the centenaries of traders were from Greeks, Romans neighbors like Maurya’s etc.

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                      Quality not Quantity

                      Emanuel, You say, “BTW Chennai is the worlds largest production site for movies not Hollywood from the late 60’s- ….”.

                      This is the problem with you Damilayas. You think anything big is good. This idea, which is unique to Damilas, can be attributed to the inferiority complex you Damilayas have because of the small size or the complete absence of a certain important organ of our anatomy. That is why you worship the Sivalingams -,the bigger the size of the Sivalingam-the bigger will be the number of Damila devotees who worship it.

                      This is why you think that having a big cinema studio is a mark of superiority. Look at the quality of the Tamil movies! You swallow the same stupid formula doled out over and over again. Not even our 10 year olds can be fooled by such tactics.

                      Look at other Indian states and countries. Kerala produces quality movies not to mention Sinhala movies. Bengal had Satyajit Ray. We have Lester James Pieris. Whom do you have coming even close to that caliber?

                      So forget about your lingams, which are nothing much to remember about anyway. Your biggest existentialist problem is the non existence of your lingams. Perhaps, just perhaps, you will do better if you ignore them just like your Tamil women do.

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      But you are actually a Tamil low caste. A Catholic Paravan from Thootukudi, whose ancestors migrated to the island a generation or tow ago and now masquerading here as a Sinhalese Buddhist racist. You yourself stated here , that your father was born a Catholic and converted to Buddhism. All Rodrigos in the island are Tamil Paravans, even the ones now passing themselves as Sinhalese. Catholic or Buddhist. Just like all the Coreas, Gomez, Costa, 90% of Fernandos, Peiris. The vast majority of them only arrived from the Thootukudi area in southern Tamil Nadu a generation or two ago and now beating the anti Tamil drum.

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    The truth hurts as evidenced by all the screeching in here by We Thamizh “historians” :D

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      Thanks Namboodiri, you are only one realising why Mahindapala rushing to bring out a story like this at the start of 2017.

      Why you got out of the hole you slept all these time is telling that somebody work you out of the nightmare you have been having. Is that nightmare was about that you were with a black widow?

      It Looks like you, Mahindapala, and your bosses ready with fireworks to celebrate the entire 2017 New Year from now on. Keep firing even if the cannon cracks.

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        He is no Namboothiri but a Sinhalese troll. Anyway Sarma/Sharma is not a Namboothiri/Potti family name. It largely used by Tamil/Telugu and North Indian Brahmins

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          Cool story, bro :D

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    The TRUTH is an important ingredient of human life, and not fantacy or falsehood.

    Jesus said that He is the way, the TRUTH and the Life. He said that the enemy of mankind, the devil, is a liar. The devil steals, kills and destroys mankind.

    I consider this fact as the fundamental reason for the religious, political, economical, social and historical mess in SL.

    I read a book titled “Christianm Heritage of Jaffna Sri Lanka”, authoured by a Christian from Jaffna, relocated in Australia. The author has done intensive research and has revealed very valuable TRUTH.

    The TRUTH mentioned below is also in the book;

    1. Both the Sinhalese and the Tamils originate from India. Therefore, both the Tamils first and the Sinhalese next are immigrants in SL.
    2. When the Potuguese first arrived in our island, the country was ruled by six kingdoms namely; Ruhunrata (South), Rajarate (Kote), Sitawaka (Ratnapura), Kandy, Wanni and Jaffna.
    3. Portuguese rule was from 1505 to 1658, Dutch rule was from 1658 to 1796 and British rule from 1796 to 1948.

    From 1505, the TRUTH about the gospel of Christ was brought to Jaffna and preached by Fr.Francis Xavier and others. Many people received it in Jaffna and Mannar. Churches were built to worship God, schools were built and the places flourished.

    My view is that the spiritual enemy, the devil, brought fear and hatred amongst the unbelievers of the gospel, especially the Buddhist priests, and made them discover fake stories full of lies, imaginations and fantacies like “Senarat capturing Jaffna from the Portuguese”.

    May the TRUTH prevail in SL, to enable reconciliation in 2017.

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    Regarding King Senarat
    There appears to be no historical evidence or any other records found in Jaffna to confirm his rule:

    Eg: Historical marks writings or other inscriptions. Available sources confirm Sangili II as the last ruler of Jaffna Kingdom.

    Some quotes are:
    `Senarat did not possess the qualities of a King. Many of his military campaign ended up in failure baring the battle of Randaniwela success of which is however largely due to the Prince Kumarasinghe, his step son.

    “By June 1619 a land expedition by Philipp de Oliveira and his army of 5000 was able to defeat Sankili II“ Ref: http:// en.m.wikipedia.org

    `Sankili II confronted the Portuguese but was defeated thus bringing the Kingdom`s independence existence to an end in 1619.
    `Ref: www:// Brittania.com

    “Although rebels like Magapulle Arachchi with the help of Tangavour Nayak Kingdom tried to recover the Jaffna Kingdom, they were eventually defeated“.
    Ref; Abeyasinghe in his book `Jaffna under Portuguese` pages 58-63

    “Even during the time when the Jaffna Peninsula was under the Portuguese & Dutch the Sinhalese Kingdoms Kotte and Kandy continued to make their claim to the overloadship of the region until conquest of British.” www:infolanka.com (The so called Tamil Kingdom of Jaffna¸)

    In 1626 `King of Kandy sent a large army to Jaffna but Portuguese defeated and forced them to withdraw.’
    Source: `Vinea Tabrobanea : Jaffna History by Muthuthambipillai 2008 Page 59

    `General Constantine de Sa now took a decisive step and once and for all terminated in 1620 the face saving device of a nominal King. The Kingdom of Jaffna was thus annexed to the Portuguese in 1620.
    Source: Tamil culture in Ceylon By: M. D. Raghavan 1974 Page 98

    In this respect famous Sinhalese historians like S. Paranawithana , G.C. Mendis , Paul E. Peiris have not confirmed the rule of Senarath in their publication

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    H. L. D. Mahindapala trying to Tamil destroy Tamils history..Earlier burn our largest library and now go towards to rewrite the real history..What a shame??

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