13 December, 2017

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When The Tamil Gandhians Came Marching In With Guns

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

Tamil Theology Upgraded Prabhakaran & Downgraded Jesus: Part IV

When on May 14, 1976 the Tamil leadership, headed by S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, the father of Tamil separatism, passed the Vadukoddai Resolution , declaring war on the nation, they never expected to end up in Nandikadal. They were expecting one of two things : 1. to win a separate state as stated in the Vadukoddai Resolution or 2. to put pressure on the Government of Sri Lanka (GOSL) through violence to get their demand of an autonomous / federal state – the nearest possible to Eelam. But as subsequent events proved it was a total miscalculation. Chelvanayakam-led leadership made two mistakes in going for a military solution : a) the unintended consequence was to let the leadership slip from their grip in stages until it fell into the hands of the untried, unknown, unreliable gangs of Tamil youth who went berserk, drunk with the power of the guns in their possession and (b) it was the biggest political gamble of Chelvanayakam, who was deceptively playing the dual role of Dr. Jekyll (the self-proclaimed Gandhian) and Mr. Hyde (the militant Vadukoddian), hoping that Mr. Hyde could triumph over Dr. Jekyll in the end.

When he presided over the Vadukoddai Convention of the TULF in 1976 he had abandoned his pose of being a Gandhian and committed himself fully to the military solution defined in the Vadukoddai Resolution. The Tamil leadership was playing a duplicitous game and misleading the Tamil people when they were pretending to be non-violent Gandhians whose pre-planned agenda was to go for the military solution laid down in the Vadukoddai Resolution. Led by Chelvanayakam the Tamil leadership wanted to have it both ways : on the one hand they proclaimed that their “movement will be all non-violent” (Chelvanayakam in Parliament 19 November, 1976) and, on the other, Chelvanayakam and the entire Tamil leadership called on “the Tamil nation in general and the Tamil youth in particular to come forward to throw themselves fully in the sacred fight for freedom and to flinch not till the goal of a sovereign socialist state of Tamil Eelam is reached.” (Vadukoddai Resolution, May 14, 1976).

The tacit arrangement was for the LTTE to operate underground parallel to the TULF’s main stream politics. “Amirthalingam (the successor to Chelvanayakam and also the real patron of the Tamil militants) appears to have considered the TULF and Prabhakaran’s LTTE as two sides of the same coin, one political and ideological and the other armed and military. AS later years proved, Amirthalingam was too naive to think thus.” (p.45, Inside an Elusive Mind, Prabhakaran, M. R. Narayan Swamy, Vijitha Yapa Publications, Colombo 2003.)

Chelvanayakam, the Gandhian, cannot be absolved from the responsibility of opting for this military solution because “the choice of words was approved by Chelvanayakam.” (p.128 , S. J. V. Chelvanayakam and the Crisis of Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism, 1947 – 1977, A Political Biography – A. J. Wilson, Lake House Bookshop. 1993). The Tamil leadership opted for the military solution in the Vadukoddai Resolution not knowing which way the dice would fall. There was no guarantee that those who go for military solutions could win wars. In the end, the Vadukoddai Resolution ran through a long and devious route to total defeat.

It was “a collective decision taken only by the Ceylon Tamil component of the TULF, that is the Federal Party and the All Ceylon Tamil Congress.”( p.128 – Ibid). S. Thondaman, leader of the Ceylon Workers Congress, refused to join this bandwagon of a separate state leaving only the Northern Tamils of Jaffna to “throw themselves fully in the sacred fight” without flinching, as defined in the Vadukoddai Resolution.

Once the Jaffna Tamil leadership decided to go down the violent path declared in the Vadukoddai Resolution they became prisoners of their own machinations. They were hoisted by their own petard. They thought they were laying the trap for the “Sinhala government” but the very first victims of the Resolution were those who voted for it. They were stunned, confused and eventually eliminated by the violence unleashed by them in their Vadukoddai Resolution. Some Tamil leaders were marginalised politically and some were eliminated physically. Either way the Old Guard lost.

This reveals the risk of abandoning the democratic stream, however tardy and conservative it may be for change. There is greater leverage for leaders to be in control of politics in the democratic stream than in the volatile and chaotic politics of violence. Seasoned politicians in command lose their grip on power when unmanageable youth, armed with guns, edge them out and take control of democratic politics in pursuance of radical goals. Thondaman retained his grip on the Tamils of his electorate in the central hills because he did not opt for violence. But the Vadukoddians lost the plot and their lives too.

But more than that, the Tamil leadership lost their moral authority because they had to justify the violence they generated by legitimising the violence of Tamil youth. Initially they took the moral high ground by accusing the Sri Lankan government of violating human rights. But after their “boys” took to violence they found themselves in a moral dilemma not knowing how to condemn the GOSL without condemning the brutalities of “the boys”. When Vadukoddai violence turned brutal with each passing day they were forced to go along with the violence they legitimised, engineered, financed and directed. Tamil violence took a turn for the worse when it targeted indiscriminately not only the Sinhalese but also their own people.

The Tamil “boys” were expected to train their guns on the external enemy. Instead they turned their guns inward targeting their own kith and kin. However, the initial successes of the LTTE made the “boys” look like the answer to the cause of Tamil separatism. Their stature as “liberators” rose with each death and destruction. With each killing Tamil propaganda cranked up the image of the “boys” as “liberators”. Killings also strengthened the political and financial bases of the LTTE. Killing those who opposed Vadukoddian politics was endorsed as the politically correct act necessary for success. Trigger-happy Prabhakaran was hailed as the “liberator” because he topped the list of killers. He became the Clint Eastwood of Jaffna fixing the dissident the Tamils. After his first shot which killed Alfred Duraiyappah eliminating the other Tamil rivals was a piece of cake. The arrogance that he acquired with his ability to kill at will went to his head. He had no space in his head for any moral considerations.

The Tamil Diaspora was over the moon. They interpreted and marketed each death as the increasing power of the Tamils to win Eelam. It was seen an invincible force. Escalating deaths and destruction motivated the Tamils in the Diaspora to fill the war chest of Prabhakaran without raising any questions. The ghoulish NGO ideologues went to town trading corpses to the highest bidders in the foreign-funded human rights market. A new breed of moral hypocrites mushroomed in the NGO circuit like the Negombo women hired to cry at Tamil funerals. Pakiasothy Saravanamuttu was crowing regularly about the soldiers deserting the Army implying that they were not committed like the LTTE cadres to win the war. NGO strategy was to demoralise the Security Forces and to boost the LTTE cadres as the force destined to win.

Jehan (Pacha) Perera was lecturing to the soldiers, with the blessings of President Chandrika Kumaratunga, the Commander-in-Chief, that they must negotiate because the invincible Tamil force cannot be defeated. He even went to the extent of conferring a doctorate on the LTTE ideologue, Anton Balasingham, knowing that the latter had not earned it from any university. When I questioned him in Geneva he sheepishly admitted he was lying and promised to be truthful in future. But he came back to Colombo and continued to lie just to curry favour with Balasingham. Radhika Coomaraswamy’s ICES (Incestuous Cabal for Eelamist Sycophants) was churning out publications and holding seminars to denigrate the Sinhala-Buddhists with the sole aim of projecting the Tamils as victims of the “Sinhala governments”. She, of course, wrote a piece in the Daily News moaning about the Tamil Boko Harams forcibly dragging the Tamil children into a futile war. That only helped her to become a top bureaucrat at the UN in charge of children in war and not the Tamil parents crying their eyes out waiting for their children who never returned home.

But privately some Tamils who were lying low were concerned about the loss of the collapse of morality in the Tamil society. There was no rationale for Tamils to kill Tamils. The raison d’etre for seeking a separate state was to guarantee the security of the Tamils. But the Tamil youth, armed by the elders who fathered the Vadukoddai Resolution, were cock-a-hoop, tasting power that came out of the gun. They had no inhibitions about killing because their elders had endorsed it as the ethical / justifiable course to achieve political goals. Even Tamil churchmen were threatening to construct new Tamil theologies, in the name of Jesus Christ, the Prince of Peace, for the Tamils to carry on killing, without flinching until they achieve Eelam. First they targeted the Tamil leadership, then the Tamil people, and finally the Tamil children. Tamils’ reliance on Vadukoddai politics and violence blinded them to the alternative possibilities. It was their unrealistic commitment to Eelam-or-nothing politics that dragged them to Nandikadal.

The Vadukoddai Resolution and the violence that flowed from it painted the Tamil leadership into a corner from which they could not get out. Tamils killing Tamils – and they killed more than all the Indian and the Sri Lankan forces put together — exposed the lie of being victims of “genocidal Sinhala governments”. Vadukoddian violence targeting Tamil civilians and children knocked the bottom out of the argument that they were forced to take up the gun because of the failure of the “Sinhala Government” to give them security. Ironically, in the end, it was the vilified “Sinhala government” that gave security to the Tamil MPs and other Tamils hunted by the LTTE assassins.

The Vadukoddai military solution proved to be worse than the disease they complained about. The Tamils were dragged into Vadukoddai violence promising that their security will be guaranteed by the “liberators”. But under the jackboots of Prabhakaran they lost whatever security they had under the GOSL. They had to wait till the Security Forces breached the human shield and set them free to re-enter civilized society and regain their humanity by starting a new life. Tamil arguments advanced to pursue a military solution collapsed because of two reasons: 1. Vadukoddai Resolution made them victims of their own violence and 2. Tamil violence took them nowhere. In passing the Vadukoddai Resolution the Tamil leadership uncorked the evil Tamil genie locked inside the peninsular bottle.

Inherent Tamil arrogance and hate of the “other” blinded them to the realities unfolding before their own eyes. The first lesson was driven home starkly to the leadership when Velupillai Prabhakaran fired his first shot in his war by killing Alfred Duraiyappah. The Chelvanayakam-Amirthalingam leadership read it as a triumphant sign of the Tamil youth throwing themselves fully into the fight for Eelam without flinching. It was hailed as the first step in the shape of politics to come. But the more realistic political analysts saw it differently. I. R. Ariyaratnam, Secretary of the Communist Party, Jaffna, in conversation with the leader of the TULF, Appapillai Amirthalingam, his back-door neighbour in Jaffna, expressed his strong disapproval of the murder of Alfred Duraiyappah, Mayor of Jaffna, by the militant youth. Amirthalingam responded: “What else can you do with him?” Taken aback the Communist responded: “Today it is Duraiyappah. One day they will come for you.” (p. 44 – The Arrogance of Power, Myths, Decadence and Murder, University Teachers for Human Rights (Jaffna), July 2001, Rajan Hoole, )

Ariyaratnam was not only realistic but also prophetic. And when the LTTE assassins came Amirthalingam was a sitting duck. He went round the world, campaigning in pockets of the Tamil Diaspora, hailing the gun-toting Tamil youths as “our boys”. He was banking on the “boys” to deliver what they could not get through other means, including the international community. He was fully aware of this reality facing him. He had traipsed down the corridors of power of the Western foreign ministries to canvass for a separate state. On his return he told M. Sivasithamparam, his successor, that the world is not ready, willing or able to give them their Eelam. But he did not act on that reality.

Deluded by his own racist arrogance and fanaticism he misled the Tamil people into believing that Eelam was attainable. Like the other Vadukoddians he was hoping to ride on the backs of the Tamil youth to power. But the Tamil youth had a political agenda of their own. With the gun in their hands they had become a power in their own right. They were no longer dependent on the old Tamil leadership for anything. In fact, the Old Guard was rejected by the youth as failures. The first born children of the Vadukoddai Resolution were determined to go their own way. While the fortunes of “the boys” rose to new heights the powers of old Tamil leadership declined commensurately. It was the TULF that was hoping to ride on the backs of “the boys”. But it was “the boys” who took over the reins from the TULF and directed peninsular politics to an intransigent and implacable extremity. A new leadership took over from the ageing TULF.

The importance of leadership in determining the course of history cannot be underestimated. The leadership roles of D. S. Senanayake and S. Thondaman laid the solid foundations for the constructive and pragmatic paths taken by their two communities in facing the challenges that confronted them. Both opted to co-exist peacefully in the democratic main stream without veering into unmanageable violence, endangering life, liberty and the pursuit of desirable and realisable goals. If, for instance, Thondaman decided to gamble and went along with the violence prescribed in the Vadukoddai Resolution he would not only have lost his leadership and probably his life too but also caused irreparable damage to his community by placing them at the mercy of ruthless killers. He would have put the clock back by at least fifty years for his community. His main aim was to stabilise his community by winning citizenship rights and uplifting their living conditions. He achieved both without the Vadukoddai violence. The tragedy of peninsular politics is in their arrogance which made them believe that they had the power to dictate their terms to the rest of the nation through the gun. It is the Tamil people who had to pay for the misguided arrogance of their leaders – from G. G. Ponnambalam-Chelvanayakam to Prabhakaran.

The dirt road that runs from Vadukoddai to Nandikadal is not too long though the rag-tag army of the Tamils took 33 years to get there. And when the Tamils reached their end they discovered that they had been misled all the way by their leaders. And when the disillusioned people voted with their feet showing their disapproval their leader shot the fleeing Tamils. The Tamils were destined to fail not because of any fault of their own but because they were not blessed with leaders like D. S. Senanayake and Thondaman who could guide them to co-exist in peace with their fellow-man.

*To be continued

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Latest comments

  • 6
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    praise the Lord, offer holy sht

  • 10
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    ….The dirt road that runs from Vadukoddai to Nandikadal is not too long though the rag-tag army of the Tamils took 33 years to get there.”’

    Rag-Tag army? So why did it take the ‘crack’ armed forces of the Republic so long to get at them?

    HLD SunethPala gives us yet another embroidered version of recent history. Entertaining, but NO cigar. Now where is that Izeth-Kaka when you need him?

  • 5
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    I think when you analyse a common denominator from these Tamils its predominantly Tamil Catholics that became a problem.

    I figures when you consider they were schooled in Catholic schools, possibly read Latin and learnt European history. The only history of Ceylon they learnt was from backyard gossip.

    Chelvanagam was corrected a number of times when he made few false claims viz Tamil homeland. I don’t think it ever got registered.

    These Tamils have a habit of going to extra-ordinary lengths to deny the undeniable. Perhaps some kind of a divine faith involved in their palawa too.

    So instead of listening to sane advise – the lessons had to be practically the hard way. Prabakaran after 30 year blood bath had to come out of the jungle and protect the “border”.

    It was only then he realized the flat arid land has never been defended in history of Ceylon. The “rampart defense” was a juvenile attempt to hold back the military flooding into the area.

    If only Chelvanayagam had read the Mahavamsa he would have prevented a lot of trouble.

    • 9
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      “Tamil Catholics that became a problem”
      Sinhalese Buddhism (excluding good practitioners )is the problem.

      • 4
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        Anpu et al.

        “Tamil Catholics that became a problem” Sinhalese Buddhism (excluding good practitioners )is the problem. “

        “Religion is the Opium of the Masses”-Karl Marx

        “To get Good People to do Bad things, it takes, Religion”-Steven Weinberg, Physics Nobel Prize Laureate.

        Data from the Land of Native Veddah Aethho, also known as Lanka, Sri Lanka, Illankai, Eelam, Taprobane, Sarendib, Ceylon etc.

    • 4
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      Still the same thing.

      Tamils only, muslims only, christians only schools.

      Sinhala people are not allowed to go in muslim or Tamil areas.

      Tamils and muslims are allowed to preach their fanaticism. BBS is wrong.

      Because Tamil lecturers are tribal, still their own version of A/L and university examinations should be there in which the lecturer or the invigilator assists the candidate in writing the exam paper.

      • 0
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        @Jim Shitty,

        “Sinhala people are not allowed to go in muslim or Tamil areas” – oh boy here we go again with this clown from the south writing garbage. Idiot there is a Sinhala Maha Vidyalaya in Jaffna town, a Vihara in the Ariyakulam area and bakeries owned by Sinhalese. People do not go to the north looking for work as there are no jobs there. Somebody has to catch this clown and crack open his vacuum head and let some air in there.

  • 1
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    Thought that lord Budha himself through his teps in Sri Lanka wanted Gemunu to do the killing.Because Tamils are half lives.

    Beat that buddy.

  • 12
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    Tamil Theology Upgraded Prabhakaran & Downgraded Jesus: Part IV written by downgraded malafide tuan ass.

  • 14
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    why not divorce your tamil wife and become a true sinhala patriot mr HLDM?

    • 14
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      HLD Mahindapala has the option of divorcing his Tamil wife , the gracious Mrs Meenachi.But he does not have the option of getting rid of that rather nagging half Malay bloodline; not even if he was to pump out all the blood in his veins!!

      Only good old Izzeth Hussein can bring sanity into Mahindapalan’s mind!!

      • 4
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        OH ! Am I dreaming Sivasankaran?

        I am sensing changing thoppi here!!

  • 0
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    [Edited out]

  • 1
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    I think this why Christianity country like western do killing Innocent people in the name so called terrorist of putting puppet regime (regime change) geopolitics and oil. we all know ISIS are really a MI5, Mossad, CIA.

  • 15
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    Yes post all this Tamil hating venom from the comfort safety of Australia, especially after eating the tasty Jaffna style food that your Tamil wife has cooked. Pirapakaran was not a Catholic however almost 100% of our so called Sinhalese Buddhist leaders beating the anti Tamil drum came were born as Christians and of you tract their family tree it has a very recent South Indian origin, just like the majority of the present day Sinhalese, but miraculously they all believe in the Mahavame fairy tale that they are all pure Aryans who originated from North India, when in reality the vast majority of the North Indians themselves are not Aryans but Dravidian or Dravidian hybrids.
    What about writing articles about Sinhalese Buddhist racism Nazism and the blind belief in a fable called the Mahavamse by the vast majority of the present day Sinhalese that caused them to follow opportunistic selfish racist Sinhalese politicians to kill rape loot ethnically cleanse and commit genocide on the islands Tamils from the time of independence, thereby reducing their population if the island from around 28% at the rime of independence to around 16%-17% within a short space of 60 years. Denying them employment education language rights and stealing their ancient historical lands, especially in the east by large scale illegal settlement of Sinhalese with state aided funds that is that created all this problems and is still the main cause. There was no LTTE or Pirapakaran for the fist thirty years of independence. They only came into existence after the state sponsored anti Tamil pogrom in 1983 that led by many of the then leading ministers openly leading Sinhalese mobs and the armed forces burning the Jaffna library a few months earlier. Can you please also write how that evil racist then Sri Lankan president came onto the state television and openly stated that he will not do anything when Tamils or killed or starved as this largely pleases the Sinhalese majority. I think only Hitler and the Nazi are the only people who openly stated this racism. The LTTE is the child of Sinhalese racism. The LTTE is dead and gone but state sponsored Sinhalese racism still continues. Don’t try to blame the victim for what happened. We Tamils have had enough of you Sinhalese racists who unfortunately make up the majority of the Sinhalese. Anti Tamils when most of them are ironically are descended from recently migrated Indian Tamils

    • 8
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      There you go again, Paul, with your Tamil Nadu rants. There is absolutely no scientific evidence that the North Indians are as you claim a “south indian hybrid” and I CHALLENGE YOU to present any here. Any more than there is evidence that the Sinhalese originated from South India. I’m just going to repaste my response to you in the Sinha Le thread:

      The actual testing has confirmed nothing of the sort. Here are two studies for your information that are peer reviewed (there are more if you care to look for them). And next time, please realise that things aren’t the case just because “you said so”. I hope your fawning sycophants such as Nayakka Pandaram etc. also realise this.

      1) On the bloodlines of the Veddah people: Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations Journal of Human Genetics (2014) 59, 28–36; doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.112; published online 7 November 2013 http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html “Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.” Details on the sample: http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/fig_tab/jhg2013112f1.html#figure-title “It is quite clear from Supplementary Figure S1 that the Vedda population was genetically separated from other Sri Lankan ethnic populations, with genetic distance being less between them. Indian Tamils established the closest genetic relationship with their Sri Lankan ethnic counterparts. Up-country Sinhalese formed close genetic affiliations with Sri Lankan Tamils and Low-country Sinhalese. “Figure 2 illustrates more insights into the genetic relationships among the studied populations, with the description of genetic variation among subgroups within each ethnic population. From this unrooted neighbor-joining tree, it was confirmed that there was a greater genetic distance between the Vedda people and the rest of the populations. Two Vedda subgroups (VA-Dam and VA-Hen) were intermingled with the Sinhalese, both Up-country and Low-country, but not with any of Tamils. ”

      The only close connection to South India here was among the Indian tamils, with a known history of migration from south india.

      2) “On the question of the “Sinhalese Le” being from Northern India. I am linking to wikipedia here, but you can access the peer-reviewed journals referenced therein if you so wish. An Alu polymorphism analysis of Sinhalese from Colombo by Dr Sarabjit Mastanain in 2007 using Tamil, Bengali, Gujarati (Patel), and Punjabi as parental populations found different proportions of genetic contribution. A genetic distance analysis by Dr Robet Kirk also concluded that the modern Sinhalese are most closely related to the Bengalis. This is further substantiated by a VNTR study, which found 82% of Sinhalese genes to originate from Bengali admixture.”

      I’m afraid I got it wrong. The Bengali component was not 70% but in fact 82%. Here is an infographic for easy absorption into your thick skull.

      https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/9/9e/Genetic_admixture_of_Sinhalese_by_Papiha.PNG

      Hope that helps open up your eyes. I await your evidence proving the Bengalis originated from South India.

      • 9
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        That is why the Sinhalese look like Tamil clones follow Tamil culture celebrate the April Tamil New Year, dress like Tamils and other South Indians, eat food that is similar to Kerala and southern Tamil Nadu. Worship Tamil Hindu gods. Their dances music and rituals mirror Kerala and Southern Tamil Nadu. The so called Sinhalese drums Udaki is the Tamil Udukai and the Bera is the Tamil Parai or Para Melam. I do not see anything Bengali or other North Indian in the Sinhalese looks culture food habits, dress, way of life ETC. They all mirror the Tamils and the Malayali of Kerala. Kerala was Tamil until a few centuries ago.
        The gerrymandered 2007 research on the Sinhalese was conducted in Colombo by the then Rajapakse government just to refute the truth that all the genetic research was stating about the Sinhalese. They are largely of Tamil descent and had little North Indian blood. Any way Bengali are not Aryan. They are Dravidian or Dravidian/Mongol. Get your facts correct. You must be one of these Lanka Web patronising Sinhalese bigots trying stubbornly clinging on to the Mahavamsa fable of the North Indian origin for the Sinhalese and will go to any lengths to maintain this fiction.
        Around 50% of the present day Sinhalese are descended from largely low caste Indian Tamil indentured/slave labour that was imported into the island by the Portuguese and Dutch. This a very well established historical fact. Most of the so called Sinhalese upper Govigamma and aristocracy both low country and Kandyan have their roots in South India. Look at most of the Sinhalese Govigamma family names like a Tamil/South Indian who is who. The word Govi denoting to the farmer caste, itself is of Dravidian/Tamil origin. Govi means the one who reaps. The farmer. It is derived from the ancient Tamil word Koy verb) To pluck, cut, reap (Tamil, DED 2119); Kuyam: Sickle; Kuvil: Reaping, cutting (Tamil DED 2119); Koyiloo, Koiloo: A small paddy field, harvest, reaping; Koyyelu: Harvest (Tulu, DED 2119); Koy, Kuy: To cut, reap, pluck; Koyilu, Kuyilu: Cutting, reaping, plucking; Koyika: Man who cuts (Kannada, DED 2119); Koyu: To cut, reap, pluck (Telugu, DED 2119); Koyka: To cut, reap, pluck (Malayalam, DED 2119); Koyl: Harvest, reaping (Kota, DED 2119); Koy: To cut/ pluck/ reap/ harvest (Kodagu, Parji, Gadba, Gondi, Konda, DED 2119); Goye: To reap; Goytre: To have the crop reaped (Maltese, DED 2119); Goi: Government owned area leased for cultivation and habitation; Goi-veri: Lessee of a Goi; Goi-bai: The part of produce (bai: rice) given to the government by the lessee of a Goi (Dhivehi/ Maldivian. Goy, which is the root word, is not of Indo-Aryan origin. But a meaningful verb cognate of Dravidian origin could be found in the word Koy, which in Tamil means to reap, pluck, cut etc. The Tamil noun form Kuvil means the act of reaping or cutting (Dravidian Etymological Dictionary 2119).
        The term Koy in the sense of reaping or harvest has an array of cognates in several Dravidian languages: Malayalam, Tulu, Kannada, Kodagu, Telugu, Kota, Parji, Gadba, Gondi, Konda and Maltese, apart from Tamil (DED 2119).
        The cognates Koyiloo in Tulu, meaning harvest as well as a small paddy field, Koyika in Kannada for the man who reaps and the verb form Goye in Maltese meaning to reap, are of particular comparison with the Sinhala term and its usages. A related term and usage are found in the Dhivehi language of the Maldives too.
        However, the usage development that made Goyi as an important term of identity for the occupation of agriculture, land ownership and for the upper echelon of the traditional society, is special to Sinhala.
        A term primarily related to collection of grains becoming the root for the term of identity of the cultivation caste in Sinhala probably suggests the origins of that caste identity coming from incipient farming than the hydraulic one developed later.
        The Dravidian etymology of the term is significant in this context in understanding the origins of Sinhala society, the social section responsible for the development of agrarian civilisation and parallel development of languages in southern South Asia.
        Of the original shades of the meaning for the word Koy, only one, i.e. to pluck as of plucking flowers etc., survives in the modern Tamil usage of today.
        The north Indian element that came to the island is negligible and quickly got absorbed and assimilated into the local Dravidian Semi Tamil speaking Elu and proper Tamil speaking population, All other migration to the island from prehistoric times to historic medieval up to recent times is from the Southern parts of India, that too largely from the then Tamil country that is 20 miles from the shores of the island. They came as immigrants, traders invaders soldiers and settled in the island in their thousands.
        Tamils are well known seafarers and traders not north Indians there is no history of them going around the world sailing. It was the Tamils who did this and largely spread the Indian culture the Hindu and Buddhist religion around the world. Especially to SE Asia.
        Jawaharlal Nehru ex-prime minister of India, in his “My discovery of India”, writes. “There is no record anywhere, of Aryans having left the shores of India in search of adventure viz, commercial, cultural and expansionists. There are however, numerous records of the Cholas having braved the waves of the oceans and established cultural and commercial intercourse with foreign countries, and left their impressions in those countries.

        That the Tamils were a maritime race is further proved by the fact that it was a Tamil. Vavooji Sithamparanathar, who had the courage to defy the British and own an ocean-going vessel. At time when the British, as rulers thought that it was their prerogative to own ocean-going vessels. Tamil-blood, promted Vavooji to own a ship, in defiance of his white master’s arrogance.

        The Hindu and Buddhist ruins we see today at Polonnaruwa are a legacy the Cholas who ruled Lanka from 1003 A.D. to 1075 A.D. have bequeathed to us. In no other part of Lanka do we see such extensive ruins, as we see at Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka is heavily indebted to the Cholas for their gift.
        The eminent Sinhala civilian and historian, the late Dr. Paul E. Peiris, following his excavations of a part of the site of Kantharodai, the earliest capital of the kings of Jaffna, notes, “It stands to reason that a country which is only about 20 miles from South India, would have been seen by Indian fishermen every morning as they sailed out to catch fish.
        I believe North Ceylon was a flourishing settlement long before Vijaya was born”. In similar vein, are his remarks on the ancestral Hindu kovils of Ceylon, “Long before the arrival of Vijaya, there were in Lanka five recognized Iswerams of Siva, which claimed adoration and veneration of all India
        These were Thirukketheseeweram near Mantai (Mannar), Munneswram dominating Salawata (Chilaw), Thirukonesweram near the great bay of Kottiyar (Trincomalee). Nakulesweram, in close proximity to the Kankesanturai harbour and Chandresweram close to Hambantota harbour. The last mentioned kovil is unfortunately no more. It has gone to ruins due to lack of patronage and neglect. The situation of these temples close to ports, cannot be the result of accident or caprice but was probably determined by the concourse of a wealthy mercantile population whose religious wants called for attention”.

        Apart from the above-mentioned kovils, there are, in the deep South, a shrire for Lord Murukan at Kathirkamam and a shrine for Lord Vishnu at Devi Nuwara from ancient days. Buddhists and Hindus visit these kovils daily for worship.

        There are kovils from ancient days in Kandy, testifying to a high concentration of Hindus in the Central part of Lanka. The temple for Nath (Siva), according to H.W. Codrington, is over 600 years old. The other temples, being for Murukan, Vishnu and Goddess Pattini, Robert Knox was of the view that Maha Fsala Perahera in Kandy was celebrated from ancient times exclusively in honour of the Hindu deities. The Tooth Relic was taken in the Perahera for the first time during the reign of King Kirthi Sri Raja Singha at the request of the Siamese Monk Upali, to give a Buddhist touch to the festival. That practice was later stopped. These days only the empty casket is mounted on the elephant.

        It may not be incorrect to assume that in the hoary past, Lanka was, from North to South, East to West and the Central highlands the homeland of Tamils of the Hindu faith. With the arrival of Arahat Mahinda, thousands of Tamils of the Hindu faith embraced Buddhism. Though 80 generations have rolled by, these converts have not given up their Tamil Hindu culture and practices. They still indulge in prayers and rituals.

        As even as late as the 6th century A.D., there was no Sinhala language, the Great Chronicles were written in the Pali language. Monk Maha Nama hatched the Vijaya myth to dub the Buddhist converts as Aryans, projecting them as descendants of Bengalis.

        Maha Nama did not know that the Bengalis were Mongoloid Dravidians. The average Sinhala man will decline to believe that prince Siddhartha, as a Nepalese, was not an Aryan. No king of Lanka during the 200 years history of Lanka, claimed that he was of Aryan Dynasty.
        How then can the populace claim that they are Aryans? With the mixture of Tamil, Pali and Sanskrit languages, evolved that Sinhala language during 8 A.D. It was not Pali or Sanskrit, but the Tamil language that helped in the formation of the Sinhala alphabets. The alphabets of the Sinhala language are round in shape like the alphabets of the other Dravidian languages. Telugue, Malayalam, Kannadam and proto-Tamil. In the 10th century. Tamils changed the shape of their alphabets to the square shape.
        According to Dr. C.E. Godakmubara, the Sinhala Grammar Sidathsangarawa was based on the Tamil Grammar Virasolium in the 11th A.D. The term ‘Sihala (Lion in Pali) is seen for the first time in Sri Lankan sources in the Dipa Vamsa (4-5 A.D.) and in that chronicle, that term occurs only once, and in that cryptic verse it is stated that the Island was known as ‘Sinhala’ on account of the Lion – “Lanka Dipo Ayam ahu sihena sihalaitu”. In the maha Vamsa the term ‘Sihala’ – occurs only twice. In the epic Ramayana 420 B.C., this island was known as Lanka much earlier.
        Rev. S. Gnanapiragasam – “There are more than 4.000 Tamil words in the Sinhala vocabulary. If the Sinhala vocabulary is stripped of all the Tamil words there will be no Sinhala language.”
        There were no Sinhalese in Lanka or in any part of the world until the Dipa Vamsa for the first time, referred to the descendants of Tamil (Hindus) who embraced Buddhism in 246 B.C. as Sihala on account of the Lion (no relevance). There is no culture called Sinhala culture. It is the Tamil culture that is projected as Sinhala culture. The 14th day of April is observed as New Year, day only by the Tamils and Sinhala people throughout the world.
        This fact is strong evidence that the Sinhala people inherited this practice from their Tamil ancestors who embraced Buddhism in 246 B.C. It is stupid to deny that fact. When there was no Sinhala language in Lanka or in any part of the world before 8th A.D., it is thuggery to claim that there were Sinhala people in Lanka prior to the 8th century A.D. Just as the descendants of Tamils who embraced Buddhism in 246 B.C. claim they are Arya Sinhalese; Tamils of the Western Coast, from Ragama to Kalpitiya, after adopting Sinhala as their mother tongue, (after the introduction of free education) claim thy are Arya Sinhalese. In Sri Lanka any person who adopts Sinhala as mother tongue ipso facto is an Aryan.
        That is Sri Lankan logic, Yes, in Sri Lanka a leopard can change its spots. Wilhelm Geiger – “not what is said, what is left unsaid, is the besetting difference of Sinhala history”.

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          Cool story, bro :D

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            You are not by brother and please do not address me as one[Edited out] who has stolen my name and identity . That is a very uncool story. Typical stealing the identity and culture of the Tamils and the posing it off as theirs.

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          Paul,

          You have copied and pasted more than 10 articles that appeared in Tamilnet. I do not think you would have read even one paragraph of what you have copied and pasted here. I do not think you would have ever gone anywhere close to a university, anyways, Plagiarism is a punishable offence. Being an uneducated person, very obviously you do not know that when you present somebody’s research work, you have to quote the source for reference. Also, why do you think people write one page articles or short comments of 2 or 3 paragraphs? Nobody will bother to read something that is long. Are you copying and pasting all these rubbish as a habit? None of this is relevant to the argument concerned.

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            Sorry to disappoint you as 90% of what I posted is not from the TamilNet. Even the 10% from the TamilNet is not plagiarising, as they have just stated the meanings and the origins of many old and modern Tamil words from various dictionaries. That is not plagiarising, as it is not their intellectual property they created or their research. This is research by various international archaeologists and linguists. Get your facts correct you uneducated Sinhalese bigot. TamilNet will be very happy that I am using some of their articles to educate Sinhalese racist bigots like you. TamilNet is quoted by various news agencies including the BBC but they never quote or refer to your biased Sri Lankan news sites or from Sinhalese extremist sites like Lankaweb, Spur Etc. For Sinhalese bigots like you Tamil Net and the real history is rubbish but racist garbage posted in sites like Lankaweb is the truth Posting all this abuse or threatening me thinking I will stop posting will not work. You and your ilk tried that at the now defunct Topix forum Sri Lanka and it never worked.

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        Bagehot,

        Yes, There had been a Mongolian-Bengali tribes always migrant in ancient times. This migrant tribes arrived and settled in Madras as tribes and were known as Tamilities;latter this tribe being always migrant and reached shores island nation got mingled with Natives – this explains hell of a lot of DNA revelations of the modern science.
        The same journal report you referring has summed up certain decree of apposition has been established to highly for Up Country Sinhalese and lowly for Sri Lankan Tamils and nothing with Low Country Sinhalese and Indian Tamils recent migrant with Native Veddha’s DNA decoded.
        Please do not distort scientific studies for your convenience, do read the entire presentation – assimilate it carefully before denying what is actually said.

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      Cool story bro :D
      But on the other hand I see the truth hurts We Thamizh real bad :D

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    One time, our hybrid Mahindapala was “Paramasivan kazhuthil irunthu paambu kaettathu garuda sowkiyama”. But, now the situation “Maadu seththaalum Unni kalarathu”.

    Ambassador Robert Blake started to hand over the LTTE’s arms shipment coordinates taking Kathigamar’s propaganda at the face value. It went and ended as a disastrous disappointment to him and he accepted in congress how the Sri Lanka taking all his help and fooled him. Now the Old King has pumped out between 10 to 18 billions dollars to foreign countries pawning entire Lankawe, including outright selling the Port City Land too. Blake never dreamed of handing over a part Lankawe to China, by defeating LTTE, while America is fighting to keep the Pacificing ocean free from Chinese’s capture.

    But the story seems to be over. Land can not be recovered from China while Old King is defeated and facing war crime. Sinhala Mass will not understand the effect of defeating LTTE killing 145,000 and selling the Port City to China with the hope of having its veto power used in UN security council.

    It may not have been envisioned in their wildest dream, When Solomon Dias took off his Cambridge Cloths and wore the Sinhala National dress swearing to protect the Buddhism or Junius Richard walked to Dalda Maligawa March swearing protecting Buddhism. Hybrid nature of these dictators kept them as road warriors, rather the envisionist. Their personal ends mingled and marooned with their political end. None of these Hybrid took Lankawe to Buddha, but on their confused path of their sacred pilgrimage, they dropped it at the backyard of the house of President Xi Jinping. Old King’s fate to be yet decided. Mr.Xi Jinping has invited him China to discuss this. This appears like a new opportunity to Eudict Mahindapala. Buddhist Jihadist BBS has said they will undress Ranil and chase on the Roads if he change the constitution to devolve power. This is again, the rams brought by Ranil by refusing to sign ICC accord is butting on his chest. Ranil once said it was Athureliya forced Old Hing to go for war after had opened the sluice gate at Mavilaru. He did that because he was under oath to protect Old King, from 8th of January at temple Tree House. By telling that kind of open lie and hiding the nature of a dictator, who is worse than Hitler, Ranil saved him without any harm to him. That is the grace now coming back to Ranil. Now he can protect him giving the name of Gnanasara as the reason to have made new constitution further digging into the rights of Tamil.

    These constantly sucking ticks are the ones forced Old King Jump into the mud for relief for the pain and go merged underneath. The Old King appears like gone. But the ticks are not willing to leave the cow even after its death.

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      Mallaiyuran is an autonomous lunatic.

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    HLD Modapala, that was a reply to when the Buddhists walked in with guns blazing. You are one dumb jackass.

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    Pala
    You have forgotten to include – It is the Tamils who send some Sinhalese soldiers as peace keepers to Haiti and told them to rape under aged children there.
    May be keep it for the next article.
    One future topics for you
    “LTTE created Tsunami”
    Pala are you not ashamed of what you are doing. and still you call you journalist – what a shame

  • 6
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    An AMBULANCE speeds its way through even in heavy traffic,tooting the horn every other second.Reckless driving; But in most instances to get to the Bar before it closes,rather than rush the patient to Hospital.
    Well HLDM is the son of an Ambulance Driver.What more can you expect of him?
    Its in the Genes!

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    “*To be continued”

    I was afraid to find these three words.

    I didn’t read the rest.

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      He is not adding any thing just venting his frustration

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    “When on May 14, 1976 the Tamil leadership, headed by S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, the father of Tamil separatism, passed the Vadukoddai Resolution , declaring war on the nation, they never expected to end up in Nandikadal”.

    The island Sri Lanka never been a united country. Lord Buddha tried his best to change the animal behaviour of Lion born Sinhalese of this island over 2000 years to unite them with civilised Tamils of this island. Unfortunately he could not change them and finally he left this island for ever. Nanthikadal not only exposed the brutality of the Lion born creatures to the world and put them in the dock as uncivilised of 21st century. Nanthikadal divided the Sinhalese Nation into two sections. One is the same uncivilsed brutal group who are violent and opposed to Lord Buddha (Mahinda Group) and the other group which was influenced by Lord Budhha towards civilisation. The war between civilisation and brutalism is now on.

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    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

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    We all know the bogus Aryans are all over Srilanka in the name of Buddhism spreading lies.

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    HLDM has stated how the ostensibly Gandhian Chelvanayagam saw no difficulty in committing himself to a violent course of action as envisaged by the Vadukoddai Resolution. But what does it mean to be Gandhian? Presumably, a Gandhian is a follower of Gandhi and of Gandhian principles. Now, Gandhi is of course someone held in very high esteem and almost revered by thousands, and it would seem like a heresy to suggest anything that even remotely questions his ‘legacy’. But what are Gandhian principles? They are ill defined. Gandhi was a formidable political activist but the way he is presented to us as being different – and superior – to other political activists is in his declared policy of non violence, and moral integrity. And it is here that I have always had some difficulty.

    The campaigns of civil disobedience and the grand marches that Gandhi led were per se peaceful and non violent. But they were provocative. And it was not just possible but highly probable – as happened in the event – that they would invite robust reactions and ultimately lead to violence and put life and limb in danger. Any reasonable man could have perceived that prospect. So, where is the moral justification in starting such courses of action? Can someone who initiates a course of action which he can reasonably see was likely to lead to violence, remain morally divorced for culpability for that end result? What are the ethics involved?

    Chelvanayagam when he started his satyagraha campaign was in the same position. He knew – or should have known – that violence would eventually result, and that was what he may well have wanted because ultimately the government would be forced to make concessions.

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    Sinalease can’t under stand non violence because their great grand father was a animal lion…

    Remember what happened when Tamil MP s staged sathyagiraha in front of Parliament during S W R D Banadaranayaka s (Fake Buddhist) time…?

    S W R D sent thugs to break the heads tamil MP s…when they returned to the Parliament S W R D make jokes about them and laughed…and he was blown up by a Buddhist Ayotullah …

    Once LTTE leader told TIME magazine if J R Jayawardena ( another fake Buddhist )is a real Buddhist he would`t have taken arms…

    Buddhism is dead in this cursed country …

    Even if Buddha came again he can’t stop the division of this country …….

    There is a younger generation is growing in North-East asking what happened to their fathers,mothers,sisters,brothers …unstoppable Tsunami is on the pipe line …

    Cheers

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    [Edited out]

    When there were godse’s reigning gun blazing what else you would expect them to do? to assit your cleansinng process by staying calm..

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      manisekaran

      Where you’ve been all these months?

      Have you sorted out problems related to recent flood?

      What have you personally done to relieve the Internally Displaced Refugees in your Chennai Pattinam?

      When are you going to take your corrupt politicians, contractors, land grabbers, officials, Policemen, Gundas, …. to task?

      I hope Amudha IAS is given maximum protection from crooks and her safety is paramount. Do you know any other brave, clean, duty conscious officer in Thamilnadu? I doubt it.

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    He He He

    During 1983 July when there was a rumor saying LTTE is approaching Colombo …panicked .sons of Lion ran away dragging their wife’s…while balls dancing …COWARDS….

    It is your great grand father..grand father..father and you all drove Tamils to take the guns……accept this ..

    Your Children` s mother is a Tamil so they are also TAMIL….

    Sunday Sill Monday Kill

    Cheers

  • 1
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    Cholan,

    Violence is not the monopoly of any single community, and it is absurd of you to say the Sinhalese cannot understand non-violence. As I have said in my last comment, it is all very well for the likes of Gandhi and SJV to profess a commitment to non-violence and then start campaigns that will inevitably spark violence. Isn’t there something dishonest and fraudulent about that?

    You refer to SL as a ‘cursed country’. Your name suggests Indian antecedents. If SL is a cursed country what have you to say of India?

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