26 September, 2020

Blog

Contrast Between ‘Inquiry’ & ‘Investigation’

By S. V. Kirubaharan

S. V. Kirubaharan

S. V. Kirubaharan

Robert Jackson, the Chief Prosecutor at the Nuremburg Tribunal in his opening speech said: “The common sense of mankind demands that law shall not stop with the punishment of petty crimes by little people. It must also reach men who possess themselves of great power and make deliberate and concerted use of it to set in motion evils ….”

Soon after the report of the OISL is published, it should be followed by an International trial of those who bear the principal responsibility for the war crimes against the Tamil people. Tamils should remain unsentimental in demanding justice as set out in the preamble of the Rome Statute 1998.

The terminologies ‘inquiry’ and ‘investigation’ can be confusing to many people, presumably to those in the legal field too. Therefore let us analyse both.

The word ‘inquiry’ originated in Latin and French. In Latin we have “in” (into) and “quaerere” (detect/ look at/see or demand/ask). In French, ‘inquire’ ‘enquerre’ means ‘to ask/demand’. An ‘inquiry’ is a path to seek truth and knowledge and ‘query’ means information is needed to settle a doubt. Inquiry involves research and evidence, while a ‘query’ simply asks a question. The purpose of a formal or systematic inquiry is to find the truth and examine the facts of an alleged incident or incidents. If the respondent (defendant) in a case refuses to accept the findings or the outcomes of the inquiry, then an investigation will be initiated.

‘Investigation’ also originates from Latin: ‘investigatus’, ‘investigare’, meaning ‘to trace or to track’, from ‘vestigium’ which means a footprint. An investigation is a detailed process throwing light on an incident or incidents, considering or examining available elements to uncover facts regarding the incident. An investigation is always based on a complaint, for instance made by the ‘plaintiff’.

‘Inquiry’ and ‘investigation’ are sometimes used instead of each other, ignoring their classic differences. However, it depends on what is being dealt with. There are occasions when both are used. In other words, inquiry involves investigation and investigation involves inquiry.

Mangala UNHRC-2015 MarchTherefore, before we speak or discuss these two terminologies in relation to a legal framework, we are obliged to consider the ‘cause of action’. Obviously it could end up in a lawsuit, where investigation is a must. Lawsuits take place in a court room before a Judge or Judges.

I am writing about these two words because some confusion has been created very recently among some diaspora media. Misuse of these terminologies will certainly be counterproductive for the real victims. I say real victims because not all are victims.

Now, the conclusion is that the Tamil language holds the meaning of both terms in only one word – ‘Veesaranai (விசாரணை). However, even in the Tamil language these terms have a cause of action – (Valaaghu – வழக்கு). With my limited spoken Singhalese, I cannot say anything about the translation of these two terms into the Singhalese language.

I hope these terminologies will not be twisted or misinterpreted for anyone’s self-interest or to satisfy their new friends among the government. It is obvious that some among the diaspora, who became involved very recently in the Tamil cause, are involved purely for their own benefit and glorification. Their activities are not carried out in a manner that promotes the collective interest of the people, nor do they aim for the common good of the people.

OISL – OHCHR Investigation on Sri Lanka

‘Standard of proof’ reads as follows:

Consistent with the practice of other United Nations fact-finding bodies, the OISL will base its findings on a “reasonable grounds to believe” standard of proof. There are reasonable grounds to believe that an incident or pattern of violations or crimes occurred if the OISL has obtained a reliable body of information, consistent with other information, indicating their occurrence. This standard of proof may be sufficiently high to call for judicial investigations into violations of international humanitarian and human rights law and international crimes.

With regard to assessing information that identifies alleged individuals to have been involved in the violations, the OISL will comply with the standards that require a reliable body of material consistent with other verified circumstances, which tends to show that a person may reasonably be suspected of being involved in the commission of a crime. The OISL will not make final judgments as to criminal guilt; rather, it would make an assessment of possible suspects that may pave the way for future criminal investigations.

When we consider the imminent report of the OISL on Sri Lanka, we need to be aware that the victims, human rights defenders, and peace-loving citizens are anxiously waiting to see it published – at least in September, in the 30th session of the UN Human Rights Council – UN HRC.

Last January, soon after the new President was elected in Sri Lanka, the new regime used all their influence in the international arena and successfully postponed the OISL report, which was due out last March in the 28th session of the UN HRC.

It is obvious that the Sri Lankan government, especially the Minister of External Affairs of Sri Lanka, Mangala Samaraweera is using all his influence once more to further delay this report. Many tactics locally and internationally are being used in this endeavour.

1 – The 47 members of the UN HRC are being lobbied. They explain that they are building up a reliable local investigation. In order to do this, many sources connected to the Sri Lankan government are influencing the USA.

2 – They are demanding a visit of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights before September, for the obvious reason of getting his endorsement that the local mechanism is in place and moving in the right direction.

3 – They are trying to give a picture to the international community that they are working very closely with the Tamil diaspora, who worked day and night to submit substantial and detailed evidence to the OISL.

4 – Regarding this matter, Sri Lankan External Minister Samaraweera is informing foreign governments that the Tamil diaspora will endorse a local investigation. South Africa, Switzerland and Erik Solheim of Norway are being used to promote this. In fact, all three know only a very little about the feeling of the diaspora community. The influential diaspora organizations have no deal with either Mangala Samaraweera or with the Sri Lankan government.

5 – To achieve their goal with the Tamil diaspora, they are using the influence of the Tamil National Alliance – TNA, which is an elected Tamil party in the North and East.

6 – The Sri Lankan government has repeatedly announced that they will review the ban put in place by Rajapaksa’s regime, with a view to lifting the banning on 424 individuals and 15 Tamil diaspora organizations. The secret plan behind the review of this diaspora list is to remove the names of the people who are working closely with them and to insert some new names to this list.

Mangala Samaraweera

Concerning gross violations, the present External Minister, Mangala Samaraweera of Sri Lanka is no different to the ex-President Mahinda Rajapaksa. Since 1994, he has held different ministerial portfolios (Ports, Aviation and Media, External Affairs), and all the while he supported the infliction of horrendous damage to the people in the North and East and also to the diaspora. His past record cannot be understood by some who currently enjoy a honey- moon period with him. Those who became involved in the Tamil cause very recently have no real understanding or respect for the bloody history and the terrible suffering of the people.

During the period when Samaraweera was the Minister of Media and External Affairs, his reaction to the following serious atrocities was gruesome: the economy embargo to Tamil areas; the rape and murder of Krishanthy Coomaraswamy; the cold murder of Kumar Ponnamblam in broad day light in the capital Colombo; the bombing of Navaly Church in which 125 innocent civilians killed, the Chemmani mass graves where more than 700 disappeared Tamils were buried, the massacre of five students in Trincomalee, the massacre of 17 NGO workers of the French, Action Contre la Faim – ACF in Muttur; the killing of Journalists in the North and East and also many other killing of innocent people in Amparai, Batticaloa, Tincomalee, Mannar and Vavuniya.

If anyone is interested to know about Samaraweera’s reaction to these atrocities, they should go through his statements made at press meetings, which are on the record. Such a hypocrite has once again become the Minister of External Affairs with a different regime, pretending to be as clean as a new penny? Unfortunately Dr. Jayalath Jeyawardena of UNP is not with us today to relate more true stories about Mangala Samaraweera.

It is bizarre that once again Erik Solheim has become involved in anything that concerns Tamils! Many Tamils see Solheim as one of the people who cleverly, if unwittingly, damaged the Tamil struggle. Even his twitter message after his recent meeting with HCHR Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein is considered to be an action, to alert the Sri Lankan government of impending danger. Many see his twitter message as unwanted and as having a hidden agenda.

To use the correct term, presently the Sri Lankan government is dealing with Machiavellian individuals among the diaspora, whereas diaspora organisations which enjoy a huge support among the people are silent. This is due to a particular and understandable factor which distinguishes them. These organisations will not so easily trust anyone from the Sri Lankan government. They are in favour of initiatives begun and carried through to conclusion by the international community in an open and transparent manner.

Their long experience of denial of justice, reprisals, assassinations of witnesses, journalists, human rights defenders and others, are deeply engrained in their memories and their hearts. In short, they are not easily fooled.

One cannot ignore the lack of political will of any of the past successive governments and the general opposition from the South to anything concerning accountability and reconciliation in Sri Lanka.

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Latest comments

  • 2
    4

    Kirubaharan, why can’t you say this to Global Tamil Forum and TNA MP Sumanthiran?

    We believe that you are courageous!

    • 1
      3

      Suren Surendthiran is vomiting on the same plate which he used for his publicity. When LTTE was in action and controling a defacto government, he pretended as a strong supporter of the LTTE and fool all Londers.

      Now he found that Samaraweera is the person who would help for him for his publicity; so he is holding his tail to Samaraweera.

      Tomorrow if Hakeem is right man who will help Suren to get some sort of award, he will go behind.

      Suren is a Man with a policy for his NAME & FAME.

      Poor priest S. J. Emmanuel is trouble because of Suren.

      Good luck to GTF.

      • 2
        2

        Dear CT Readers,

        The LTTE employee, Mr. S. V. Kirubaharan, is demanding JUSTICE for the Tamils. While another LTTE employee, his wife, Ms Deirdre McConnell (who hides her married surname under the European family name) may have been behind the editing (vide V Namasivayam’s comment at https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/change-but-no-change-in-sri-lanka/comment-page-1/#comment-1799709)

        “Soon after the report of the OISL is published, it should be followed by an International trial of those who bear the principal responsibility for the war crimes against the Tamil people. Tamils should remain unsentimental in demanding justice as set out in the preamble of the Rome Statute 1998”
        .
        Why wait till then, why not start now?

        The MOST Heinous of those War Crimes against the Tamil people was carried out by a LTTE Commander now living in the UK.

        The lives of at least a 100,000 Tamil children were destroyed by Ms Adelle Balasingham, the creator of the “Baby Brigade” of the LTTE.

        Why are the Propaganda Goons of the TGTE, BTF, LTTE (like the Kirubaharans) Silent on the worst war crime on the Tamil people, the destruction of several future generations of Tamils?

        Are these clowns, who are complicit in forcing the children to fight a war, that they themselves refused to fight, by fleeing and abandoning Prabahkaran, selling the tragedy for political power, after the Guns have been silenced?

        Kind Regards,
        OTC

        • 0
          1

          Dear CT Readers and Jeya/T

          People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.

          This how Jeya creates enemies and today he is nowhere among the Tamils.

          Jeya repeatedly writes about their marriage, what has he achieved?

          From top to bottom everyone knew about their marriage.

          Why Jeya is particular about their marriage? Why are Jeya to interfere in their private affairs?

          Does Jeya believe that his comment in the CT will not make them to change their habit or make them to run away from what they do?

          It is not an offense for any woman in a western country to use their family name.

          As Jeya says, if they are relly employees of the LTTE, Jeya wouldn’t have the courageous to write about them.

          Jeya’s writing proves that they may be only supporters of the LTTE as Jeya did until he felt out with LTTE, especially with Shanthan and Anton Balasingham.

          We know that Jeya will write a lengthy reply because he has no work other work than pinching on others.

          They are working for decades and unlike Jeya, they have good reputation.

          Jeya’s exaggerated comments cannot destroy them. It is waste of time.

          Anyway, “make hay while the sun shines”

          • 1
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            Dear Pathmanathan,

            My comment exposing Mr. S. V. Kirubaharan and his wife, Ms. Deirdre McConnell has made the worms crawl out from the rotting woodwork.

            Ms Deidre McConnell addressed a massive demonstration in Geneva in August 1999. Sharing the stage with her was a Larger than Life Cardboard Prabahkaran and Terrorist LTTE flags. The event was organised by the LTTE front, International Federation of Tamils.

            But of course Ms Deidre Kirubaharan nee McConnell is not an LTTE activist.

            Back to Geneva in 2000, she declared that Tamil Eelam will be born tomorrow from blood.

            But of course, Ms Deidre Kirubaharan nee McConnell is not an LTTE Terrorist.

            Mr T Santheepan was a member of the Management Committee of the Tamil Community Housing Association in 1996. His private address was declared as 211, Katherine Road, E6. This is the address of the LTTE International Secretariat in London. It can be found on all their literature and on the LTTE website, http://www.Eelam.com. Ms Deidre McConnell was also a member of the same Tamil Community Housing Association management committee in 1997.

            But of course Ms Deidre Kirubaharan nee McConnell is not an LTTE Employee.

            Tamil Center for Human Rights (TCHR) is based in France and is run by S. V. Kirubaharan and Deirdre Kirubaharan nee McConnell. More can be written about them including how the husband and wife team running the TCHR made FRAUDULENT use of the UN’s Fax numbers and addresses on their website to project themselves as having UN acceptance. They even attempted to gain consultative status at the UN, which was rejected in 2000, due to their connections with the Terrorist LTTE.

            But of course Ms Deidre Kirubaharan nee McConnell is not an LTTE Employee.

            BTW the comment you are replying was written by a Sinhalese living in Sri Lanka.

            You wrote “It is not an offense for any woman in a western country to use their family name”

            I was not writing about an offense I wrote about Deceit. I too was a victim of her DECEPTIVE writing until V. Namasivayam exposed who she is on CT.

            Kind Regards,
            OTC

            • 0
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              Impossible to straighten the Tail of a dog! It is by nature.

            • 0
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              Thank you!

              We knew the identity of the writer, nothing to worry about it.

              In the past we saw enough in the media about Tamil Housing and their malfunctioning.

              Also we heard a story about a staff that was favoured for well known reasons!

              Do continue.

              • 0
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                Disturbing!! Who is that?

              • 0
                1

                Dear Pathmanathan,

                Ha ha haa, better get dressed ASAP.

  • 4
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    LTTE coolies are acting out – their propaganda is a bit toothless these days :D

    • 2
      3

      LTTE coolies are acting out –

      Are you referring to Global Tamil Forum and their Artful dodgers!

      Then what about scandalous TNA MP Sumanthiran?

      These two groups hijacked the Eelam Tamil agenda for their personel benefits.

      • 1
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        Dear Subramanium,

        You say “These two groups hijacked the Eelam Tamil agenda for their personel benefits”
        .
        The Eelam Tamil Agenda was the Brain Child of Sir Ponnambalam Arunachelem. He articulated it in a speech delivered in 1922.

        The Cast Conscious Sir PA, who wanted Casteism enshrined in the Ceylon Constitution and who was against the ENFRANCHISEMENT of the Tamil polity and Tamil women, was not thinking of the Tamils at large but was advancing an agenda, to continue for eternity, their Elitist Rule, over the Tamil polity. A rule where the majority of Tamils became slaves of Absentee Landlords.

        Kind Regards,
        OTC

    • 1
      3

      A Sinhala coolie with Tamil mask ….Coward is scared to expose his real identity..he he he

      • 3
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        It’s OK cholan, don’t cry, you will surely achieve the mythical Demezh Eezham as long as you keep those Captain Mackerel tins flowing from the corner shop store room to the shelves :D

    • 1
      2

      How about power hungry beggars, who still loaf with begging bowl, Discrace, shameless personalities

  • 3
    2

    Kirubaharan has bared the true intentions of the present regime, represented by Samaraweera – which, like the former regime,desires a ‘clean slate’ to placate the die-hard singhala Buddhists.
    The UN report will be factual, and this is feared by them.
    A “local mechanism” to unravel the atrocities of the war will be a farce.
    Would-be witnesses are being intimidated, and offered “death certificates” and cash by the army.

  • 2
    1

    What a smart writing.

    Kirubaharan has achieved many fruits with one stone.

    One he thought Law and clarification about investigation, secondly he is clearvely attacking the people who met Samaraweera in London, thirdly he is bringing the qualities of Mangala and Solheim.

    Wonderful, lutte continue!!

  • 2
    0

    Where these battles are going to end up?

    Kirubaharan, can’t you bring out those popular diaspora organisations to a negotiation with Sirisena and Ranil. Just forget about Samaraweera. Even he is not popular among the people in the South.

    Do they understand the suffering of all Sri Lankans?

  • 1
    3

    Sinhala politicians are now fooling international community …March 2015 they wanted to postpone the UN report with lies…and like to do the same in September 2015…..

    Why so afraid ???

    Something wrong somewhere ..soon these guys will be with loin cloth in front of the International community,

    Cheers

    • 5
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      ROFL realpolitik will always be the winner. Fortunately the Tamil diaspora is as divided and corrupt as everyone else. Back to square one pal.

  • 3
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    BTF Boss Suren Surendran just dispatched his Four Pillars to Yahapalana honchos in Colombo.

    Swiss FO even paid for first class tickets to TNA Abraham to bring them to our Port City. ( 1st class allows 60 Kg .. Right,,)

    The 3rd Pillar clearly states that the BTF will lead the lobbyists to force the West to hold the War Crime Trials.

    UN Boss , Bedouin from Jordan has already told the Yahapalana bosses Ranil, Maithri and CBK that he expects the Investigation process must be on his Desk before he reads the final verdict at the HQ in September.

    Yahapalana gofer , our FM has already promised the Eelamists worldwide, that he is doing everything to help them

    And even gave 150 Duals to ex LTTE supporters ( ? ) as soon as he returned from London.

    Wonder whether our lovely FM kissed the ground after disembarking from the 1st Class ramp at the BIA ?….

    Now Kiruba is trying to hold the blow torch to poor FM.s backside.

    Isn’t Kiruba [Edited out]

    • 0
      0

      K.A Sumanasekera comment is with double meaning. It is an insult to our Minister.

  • 1
    3

    It probably comes as no surprise to most Tamils that the Sri Lankan state, whoever is in government, is up to its old tricks again, betraying the Tamil people of Sri Lanka.
    For the west and India, keeping MR out of government and Ranil W in government(in particular the US) is the main interest. To achieve that they need the support of the TNA. But the role of the TNA is to serve the Tamil people, not deliver the agenda of the west and India. If both can be achieved, fine, but the TNA’s primary role should not be compromised.

    • 1
      1

      Dear Richard Kaz,

      The Tamil people were led on the path of destruction by a founding party of the TNA.

      The Tamil United Liberation Front, in it’s election manifesto of July 1977, declared the Northern and Eastern Provinces as EXCLUSIVE TAMIL LAND.

      That claim was Racist, Fraudulent and Unjust.

      Kind Regards,
      OTC

      • 1
        1

        As opposed to Sri Lanka’s constitution that gives Buddhism the foremost place? Not chauvinist at all is it … people in glass houses and all that.

        • 1
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          Dear Alex,

          You are just parroting the Racist Propaganda of your Racist Politicians.

          The Exclusive Tamil Land Declaration by Racist Tamil Politicians was officially made in July 1977. The Constitution that you refer to came in 1978.

          Hence that Exclusive Tamil Land Claim had nothing to do with the Constitution or Buddhism.

          The territory that the Racist Tamils claimed as their EXCLUSIVE LAND was WHOLLY within the Sinhala Kandyan Kingdom. No Part of the East was Tamil Land. No part of it was EVER under Tamil Control. It has ALWAYS been Sinhalese land.

          However the Sinhalese have not claimed any EXCLUSIVENESS though it is their Land. They oppose the Tamil Racist attempt at denying them the use of their own Land by Robbing it and Claiming an EXCLUSIVE right to it.

          The information provided below will prove that the Racist Tamil Politicians were ROBBING the Land from the Sinhalese. The natural reaction from the victim would be adverse.

          The Map below is dated 1726 AD and is in a Dutch Museum.
          .
          http://www.atlasofmutualheritage.nl/en/Map-Ceylon.5852
          ,
          It establishes beyond question the Land of the Wanniyars, the Land of the Vedda’s (Weddas or Bedas) and the territory of Jaffna Patnam (please see map).

          Jaffna Patnam is the Jaffna peninsular and it ends near Calierauw (Dutch spelling) near Elephant Pass.

          The map is corroborated by a Dutch record that describes a Dutch fort located at Elephant Pass built to protect the Dutch held Jaffna Tamil Kingdom from cross border attacks of the marauding armies of the Sinhala Kandyan Kingdom.

          quote
          “There was a narrow tongue of land at Elephant Pass a fort was built to guard the border with the king’s territory”
          .
          unquote (http://www.atlasofmutualheritage.nl/en/Elephant-Pass.813p#Details).
          .
          The King’s Territory is therefore CLEARLY defined as the Land South of Elephant Pass.

          There is a central mountain range (gebergte van coeragahing) with an inverted L shape (long limb pointing South and the short limb pointing East) called Coeragahing (Dutch spelling). The territory to the East of the Coeragahing range, up to Calierauw and the Eastern Sea is occupied by the Veddas. (please see map)

          The Wanniya territory is on the Northern and Western sides of the Mountain Range, It’s border runs from near Elephant Pass towards Aripo in the South West coast but excludes Matotte (near Manar Island) and then to the North West Sea. (please see map)
          .
          Dr Sujit Sivasunderam of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge, in “Tales of the Land: British Geography and Kandyan Resistance in Sri Lanka, c. 1803–1850” states

          “Firstly, the kadaim, or boundary books, are state documents
          which describe the three main divisions of the island of Sri Lanka, and which were in the custody of the lekam-gey-attan or functionaries to the secretariat at court”

          “In the kadaim books, Tri Simhale, which denotes the entire island, is divided into three principalities or kingdoms, namely Maya, Pihiti and Ruhunu. The oldest kadaim book, Sri Lamkadvipaye Kadaim, divides the entire island into 114 ratas or countries; Maya has 28 ratas, Pihiti has 43 ratas and Ruhunu has 43 ratas. Boundary pillars mark off the limits of particular ratas.” (ibid)

          Thus the ENTIRE Island was Sinhalese (the Sinhala word “Tri” means three)

          Dr Sujit Sivasunderam in his book “Islanded” quoting Sinnappah Arasaratnam’s book “The Kingdom of Kandy: Aspects of its External Relations and Commerce, 1658-1710,” p110 states

          “The Kandians had control over five ports at the time the Dutch succeeded the Portuguese on the coastal belt in the seventeenth century: these were Kalpitiya and Puttalam on the west coast and Trincomalee, Kottiyar, and Batticaloa on the east coast Each of these ports was linked to a particular segment of the Kandyan kingdom”

          When the British arrived Lanka had 85% Forrest cover which was uninhabited. Thus Habitation in the WHOLE Island was limited to 15%. The collective area within the British made Northern and Eastern provinces is 30% of Lanka’s Land area. Which is DOUBLE the Inhabited area of the WHOLE Island at THAT TIME.

          There is overwhelming evidence available to prove that the Tamil claim to the East is a Fraud. In fact the map above proves that PART of the present Northern Province was also under the Sinhala Kandyan Kingdom.

          Buddhism was the State Religion within the Sinhalese Kingdoms of Lanka and hence excluding the small Jaffna Tamil Kingdom where Hinduism was the State religion the STATE religion of Mainland Lanka was Buddhism.

          The British undertook to protect Buddhism and became the protector and custodian of the Buddha’s Tooth Relic, which gave legitimacy to the King who possessed it, as the supreme King. Thus it always had the status of a State religion South of Elephant Pass. Which of course was a MORE EXALTED position than what it was accorded in the 1978 Constitution.

          The foremost place that you are griping about is subject to the following WHICH ARE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS enshrined in the Constitution and hence is INVIOLABLE.

          10. Every person is entitled to freedom of thought, conscience and religion, including the freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice.

          14. (1) Every citizen is entitled to (e) the freedom, either by himself or in association with others, and either in public or in private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance, practice or teaching;

          Lanka’s Constitution DOES NOT IMPOSE ANY DISABILITY on any Citizen based on Religion, unlike the UNWRITTEN constitution of the UK.

          Would you have been happy if the Laws in the UNWRITTEN UK Constitution was copied by Lanka?

          Kind Regards,
          OTC

          • 0
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            OTC,

            “The Exclusive Tamil Land Declaration by Racist Tamil Politicians was officially made in July 1977. “

            If I remember correctly the LTTE wanted to have Trincomalee as the capital of their Tamil Eelam.

            History is important but in my humble opinion now and future is even more important.

            Do the Tamil politicians (all parties) active now have any kind of clear opinion on what they want and WHERE?

            The only place with a clear Tamil majority is here in the Northern Province. We often see the TNA requesting more devolution of power to the NPC but they seem to have forgotten the Eastern Province and the rest of the country.

            In practice the TNA in my opinion is only interested in the Northern Province and this shows that they have understood the ground reality. The declaration made in 1977 is no longer relevant.

            What do you think?

            • 0
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              Dear Heretic,

              Yes, I agree because History has already been lived while we are living the Present and will live the Future.

              But history shaped the Present and the Present shapes the Future.

              The NP has an overwhelming Tamil Majority. It’s territory is bigger than former Tamil Kingdom (8,884 sq km) and contains a part of the former Kandyan Kingdom.

              The population distribution of NP is as follows

              Lanka Tamil—988,186
              Muslims——–32,796
              Sinhalese——31,985
              Indian Tamil—-7,789
              Burgher———–246
              Malay————–55
              SL Chetty———-24
              Bharatha———–23
              Others————211
              Total——-1,061,315

              As you can see, the NP will always have a Tamil dominated provincial govt.

              Population Density /sq km

              NP——–119
              WP——-1588
              CP——–453
              NCP——-121
              NWP——-302
              SP——–455
              EP——–159
              Uva——-149
              S’gamuwa–388

              The NP has the LOWEST population density of the provinces and even if the TOTAL Tamil population of Lanka decides to live there (a very remote possibility), the resulting population density will still be less than that of the CP, where a million Indian Tamils live amongst the Sinhalese.

              The NP has more than enough land to support its present population with ease and is large enough to comfortably accommodate ANY number of Tamils that decides to relocate there.

              Thus if Tamil governance of a Tamil region is what is sought, it already exists in the North. If the Tamil Politicians are realists and desire peace, they will drop the fraudulent claim to the East. It is this Fraudulent claim to the East that is causing strife. No one will want their Birthright Stolen.

              In the event this becomes a reality, Peace will dawn overnight because it will have the overwhelming support of the Majority of Sri Lankans.

              Kind Regards,
              OTC

              • 0
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                OTC,

                Thanks for the reply and the statistics.

                I think that there are more so called Indian Tamils here in the NP than the statistics show. Many of them maybe claim to be “ingenious“ Tamils. This fact can be found in, for instance, the recent book “The Fallen Palmyrah“. In the same way there are many new Vellala.

                “Thus if Tamil governance of a Tamil region is what is sought, it already exists in the North. If the Tamil Politicians are realists and desire peace, they will drop the fraudulent claim to the East. It is this Fraudulent claim to the East that is causing strife. No one will want their Birthright Stolen.“

                This was my question. Do the TNA politicians and maybe even others still claim the East or have they given up in silence? I only see the TNA requesting funds and devolution of power for the Northern Province.

                I agree with you about the Northern Province being the only place with ingenious Tamil majority.

          • 0
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            ‘Aspiration’ is such a funny word. Greed and avarice in this context would be far more appropriate

            • 2
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              Ram

              “‘Aspiration’ is such a funny word. Greed and avarice in this context would be far more appropriate”

              I hate to agree with you.

              MR and his clan had proved it over the past 10 or so years as to how focused are they in fulfilling their aspiration, enriching themselves with state funds, absolute control over people, state and resources, …… in order to hide all these the clan continued to focus on building a Sinhala/Buddhists ghetto.

              The process is probably the smart ass aspiration.

  • 1
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    Good article. The current Sri Lankan government has had its chance to break with the past and seems to be unable to do so. Beyond the facade of reconciliation and a series of duplicitous speech (to the Sinhala audience and to the international community), there is little progress on tangible issues. Once again the requisite political will is elusive. It looks like continued external engagement will be only constructive way forward.

  • 0
    1

    Off the cuff.

    Could you kindly enlighten us on how the unwritten constitution of the UK IMPOSES DISABILITY ON ITS CITIZENS based on Religion?
    Sir Francis Bacon-LORD CHANCELLOR compiled The Laws of England after he was found guilty by the Privy Council[over which he presided so majestically earlier on].

    • 1
      0

      Dear Plato,

      Here is the information that you requested.

      A Catholic cannot be a PM in the UK.
      The Law prohibits it.
      .
      The prohibition extends beyond the PM to ANYONE that is required by duties of office to advise the Sovereign or Guardians of the UK or the Regent on matters concerning the Church.

      It’s similar to the prohibition on a Catholic becoming the Sovereign.

      Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829 c. 7 (Regnal. 10_Geo_4)Section 18:

      It shall not be lawful for any person professing the Roman Catholic religion directly or indirectly to advise his Majesty, or any person or persons holding or exercising the office of guardians of the United Kingdom, or of regent of the United Kingdom, under whatever name, style, or title such office may be constituted, [F1or the lord lieutenant of Ireland], touching or concerning the appointment to or disposal of any office or preferment in the [F2Church of England], or in the Church of Scotland; and if any such person shall offend in the premises he shall, being thereof convicted by due course of law, be deemed guilty of a high misdemeanor, and disabled for ever from holding any office, civil or military, under the Crown.

      Note the Severe and Drastic Punishment prescribed.
      It is a Lifelong Prohibition from ANY employment in or under govt. Hence no one will dare to infringe it.

      Why? Simply for being a Catholic!
      That is Democracy in the UK!
      And it is being held up as a Model to be emulated!!!

      Kind Regards,
      OTC

  • 0
    0

    Off the cuff.

    Fine. Thanks.

    Late Lakshman Kadirgamer, Ex:Foreign Minister was Chandrikas choice of PM SOMEWHERE IN 2004/2005. After all he had played a major role in check-mating the LTTE internationally.True,there was no bar in the constitution based on either ethnicity or Religion for LK to fill the slot.But others in the SLFP WOULD HAVE NONE OF IT.The Mahanayakes were canvassed; Buddhism occupied the foremost place in Lankas Constitution! Mahinda Rajapakse was behind the scenes to ensure that a Tamil could never ever be a PM.Written constitutions are one thing and what is in actual practice is quite another!
    Abruptly Lakshman Kadirgamar was also finished off on AUG:12th 2005.

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      Dear Plato,

      Who are the Tamils of Lanka?

      1. Ancient migrants from India (comparatively small number)
      2. Those brought by Sinhala Kings for work & military service
      3. Invaders from Chola, 1017 AD and later
      4. Those who were brought by the Portuguese
      5. Those who were brought by the Dutch
      6. Those who were brought by the British
      7. Illegal immigrants

      Thus before 1017 there was no Tamil rule in Lanka although Tamils lived in Lanka.

      However we had non Sinhala, non Buddhists, ruling over the Sinhalese and who were entrusted with the Buddha’s Tooth Relic, the most venerated priceless artifact of Buddhism in Sri Lanka.

      These non Sinhala non Buddhist Kings ruled by invitation not by invasion.

      The reintroduction of higher ordination by Siamese monks in 1753 was facilitated by one of those Non Buddhist Non Sinhala Kings. Even the last king of Kandy was not a Sinhalese and he was the custodian of the Tooth Relic.

      The Tamils, though small in number, were therefore a respected constituent of Lankan polity.

      Something happened to change this and it started with the invasions of Lanka by the Cholas in 1017. This however effected only the Northern parts but the part they played by becoming a willing tool in the hands of invading colonizers to suppress the Sinhalese affected the whole island. How would you expect the victims to react to such a situation?

      Before migrants arrived here from the Indian subcontinent, the religions practiced were Pagan. The Migrants brought Hinduism with them and about 500 years later, during Emperor Asoka’s reign in India, Buddhism arrived in Lanka. It immediately became a STATE religion when the Reigning Monarch of Lanka embraced it. This status was lost after the British Reneged on the Kandyan Treaty TWO Millennia later. It must be remembered that during Portuguese, Dutch and British Rule, Christianity became the defacto State religion if not the State Religion. It must also be remembered that when the Tamil Kingdom of Jaffna existed in the North, it’s State religion was Hinduism.

      This country therefore, was NEVER Secular before 1948.

      Re “Buddhism occupied the foremost place in Lankas Constitution”

      Buddhism occupied the exalted place of a State Religion for 2000 years while Hinduism was the State Religion in the Tamil kingdom for 400 years. Portuguese, Dutch and British had Christianity for 450 years.

      The foremost place is a far cry from a State Religion and it is subject to INVIOLABLE Fundamental Rights of that same Constitution. The foremost place therefore is cosmetic and has no effect on ANY citizen.

      The Late Lakshman Kadirgamer would have got elected to Parliament with a resounding majority with the Sinhalese vote if he stood for election. He was more popular than Mr Jayaraj Fernadopulle who was elected from a Sinhalese electorate (today his wife is elected to parliament by the Sinhalese vote).

      Thus to the average Sinhala voter ethnicity is immaterial when the candidate has a proven record of ability and the absence of ethnic bias.

      BTW Lakshman Kadirgamar was assassinated by the LTTE.
      Are you trying to blame that on the Sinhalese and the Constitution?

      Kind Regards,
      OTC

  • 0
    0

    Dear Plato,

    Who are the Tamils of Lanka?

    1. Ancient migrants from India (comparatively small number)
    2. Those brought by Sinhala Kings for work & military service
    3. Invaders from Chola, 1017 AD and later
    4. Those who were brought by the Portuguese
    5. Those who were brought by the Dutch
    6. Those who were brought by the British
    7. Illegal immigrants

    Thus before 1017 there was no Tamil rule in Lanka although Tamils lived in Lanka.

    However we had non Sinhala, non Buddhists, ruling over the Sinhalese and who were entrusted with the Buddha’s Tooth Relic, the most venerated priceless artifact of Buddhism in Sri Lanka.

    These non Sinhala non Buddhist Kings ruled by invitation not by invasion.

    The reintroduction of higher ordination by Siamese monks in 1753 was facilitated by one of those Non Buddhist Non Sinhala Kings. Even the last king of Kandy was not a Sinhalese and he was the custodian of the Tooth Relic.

    The Tamils, though small in number, were therefore a respected constituent of Lankan polity.

    Something happened to change this and it started with the invasions of Lanka by the Cholas in 1017. This however effected only the Northern parts but the part they played by becoming a willing tool in the hands of invading colonizers to suppress the Sinhalese affected the whole island. How would you expect the victims to react to such a situation?

    Before migrants arrived here from the Indian subcontinent, the religions practiced were Pagan. The Migrants brought Hinduism with them and about 500 years later, during Emperor Asoka’s reign in India, Buddhism arrived in Lanka. It immediately became a STATE religion when the Reigning Monarch of Lanka embraced it. This status was lost after the British Reneged on the Kandyan Treaty TWO Millennia later. It must be remembered that during Portuguese, Dutch and British Rule, Christianity became the defacto State religion if not the State Religion. It must also be remembered that when the Tamil Kingdom of Jaffna existed in the North, it’s State religion was Hinduism.

    This country therefore, was NEVER Secular before 1948.

    Re “Buddhism occupied the foremost place in Lankas Constitution”

    Buddhism occupied the exalted place of a State Religion for 2000 years while Hinduism was the State Religion in the Tamil kingdom for 400 years. Portuguese, Dutch and British had Christianity for 450 years.

    The foremost place is a far cry from a State Religion and it is subject to INVIOLABLE Fundamental Rights of that same Constitution. The foremost place therefore is cosmetic and has no effect on ANY citizen.

    The Late Lakshman Kadirgamer would have got elected to Parliament with a resounding majority with the Sinhalese vote if he stood for election. He was more popular than Mr Jayaraj Fernadopulle who was elected from a Sinhalese electorate (today his wife is elected to parliament by the Sinhalese vote).

    Thus to the average Sinhala voter ethnicity is immaterial when the candidate has a proven record of ability and the absence of ethnic bias.

    BTW Lakshman Kadirgamar was assassinated by the LTTE.
    Are you trying to blame that on the Sinhalese and the Constitution?

    Kind Regards,
    OTC

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