25 September, 2021

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Is The Samapura Coal-Power Generator Necessary?

By Chandre Dharmawardana

Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana

Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana

Kumar David, well-known columnist and past Professor of Electrical Engineering in Hong Kong has come forward to defend the controversial coal-power installation which has become a thorn of controversy (May 8, Colombo Telegraph). The ancient name of the city itself (saama-pura, the “city of Peace”), has been long forgotten; it has been a place where blue murder has been committed by both sides in the name of ethnic nationalism. It was here that a French NGO abandoned its local recruites to face the wrath of the tigers and the cross-fire from the government forces. So, let us forget the “saama” part and look at this sheer bone of contention, even when it comes to installing a power plant.

The country is badly in need of power, (just as it is short of a lot of other things, or even honest politicians!). So, are we to please various foreign vendors and their local agents by purchasing the Indian coal-power plant (50 MW), or the Japanese coal-power plant (1200 MW) plant, and accept the environmental degradation and increased mortality rates, as well as the need to ship coal from those vendors for many years to come? Or, do we try to push for a more sensible approach? Professor Kumar David argues that we have no other alternative, and that other proposals are all wooly eyed and impractical. He says that we don’t have enough sunlight hours, and enough empty land area to house solar plants. He seems to suggest that Dendro power (burning biomass), wind etc., are all still mere ‘pie in the sky’ ideas in the minds of “renewable energy evangelicals”. Clearly, Professor David considers this also to be “a revolution that will not happen” in our time, or that it is another “un-winnable war”?

Let us just go across the Palk Straits to Cochin, India, where the climate, sunlight effluence etc., are very similar to those of Sri Lanka. We have the following report”, “Eyeing to generate one lakh MW solar power in the country, Ministry of Civil Aviation (India) has decided to establish solar power plants at all airports. As a part of the programme, already 12-MW solar power plant was established at Cochin International Airport and the entire airport is operated on solar power at present …Speaking at a programme on Sunday, Civil Aviation minister P Ashok Gajapathi Raju said that already a 5-MW solar power plant was set up at New Delhi airport (Indian Express, 8-May-2016)”.

India is slowly coming to its senses after having already done much damage to itself with its many coal-power plants. Many Tamil-Nadu coal-powered plants are in the vicinity of Sri Lanka. Nearly fifty coal-fired power stations along the coast of Tamil Nadu spew out metal toxins and particulate gases, brought southwards by the trade winds and monsoons. Some 1,15,000 premature deaths in India result from pollution due to coal-fired generators (Hindu, March 11, 2013). This number is much more than the deaths from kidney disease in the Rajarata. The environmental impact of Indian power plants on Sri lanka is unknown and it is urgent that those who talk of a “toxin-free nation” should immediately study it. The fact that these coal-power plants are across the ocean is irrelevant as some of them are closer than Colombo is to Jaffna.

Both organic and “inorganic” agriculture, as well as attempts for healthy living will be smothered by over-arching pollution from the Indian coal-fired generators, as well as from the ubiquitous pollution from petroleum fumes and other petro-chemicals produced by the ever-increasing number of motor vehicules on the roads. All these are class-I carcinogens (i.e., you definitely get cancer on exposure to them, besides getting a whole host of other illnesses and allergies). Class-II carcinogens may give cancer at very high doses and long exposures. For instance, a dose of up to 8 tea spoons per day of glyphosate may be safely ingested by a 70 kg individual, according the the relevant European occupational health authority. However, yielding to fear-mongering, the Sri Lankan government has banned Glyphosate, one of the least dangerous substances in the group of class-II carcinogens, while leaving most class-I carcinogens and all other class-II carcinogens untouched. The plan to install more coal capacity while talking of a “toxin-free agriculture” is sheer hypocrisy.

Prof. David’s worry about there not being enough free surface area to position solar panels suggests that he needs to look up, and notice all the roof tops of building, hotels, hospitals, schools etc., that can be used. Architects should mandatorily include solar paneling in every new building or house just as they put in flooring and electric wiring in any building. The money allocated for coal-fired power plants should be used as a fund to subsidize such ventures through bank loans and subsidies.

Even northern countries like Germany, which has less sun than Sri Lanka have gone in a big way for Solar energy. France relies on nuclear generators for nearly 80% of its needs and has shaken off the need for polluting fuels.

Of course, at present most of the electricity demand in Sri Lanka is during the night. But with enough solar panels, people will use electricity for air-conditioning, and the peak period will shift to daytime.

Increasing industrialization as well as the use of electricity for rail transport will also shift the peak hours to daytime. In any case, excess day-time electricity production can be used to even pump back water into reservoirs as a means of storing energy for use at other times. However, the CEB is a slow and inefficient beast, possibly riddled with the usual ills of corruption and mismanagement. Perhaps Professor David knows more about such matters. However, the CBC has still not given (as far as I know) a tariff figure for the purchase of electricity from private individuals, although some credit is given in terms of banking any net electricity units generated by a private owner.

Even in the area of Dendro electricity production, it is the CBE that seems to be the slowest link. I have heard of at least two cases of 10 MW Dendro power plants (private sector) that were ready to be hooked up during the 2011-2012 period, but the CBE was not ready with their substations! Dendro power and other “bio-mass” power sources are “carbon nuetral”, in the sense that they put back to the environment just the carbon that was absorbed when the plants (e.g. Gircidia) grew.

There are some who think that our troubles will be over when the gas deposits in the Sri Lankan seas begin to be tapped. I would argue that the nations troubles will escalate to the maximum if the gas is tapped. Furthermore, the environmental impact on the topical marine ecology cannot even be assessed at this stage. All the international vultures will be upon the gas, and Sri Lanka will be like Nigeria, rich in fuel and run by foreign multinationals, while the people remain poor. They will be deliberately kept poor by those who exploit the gas.

Prof. David has is no novice to politics. In fact, I first knew him as an ardant engineering-faculty LSSP activist. So, when he says “It need not be at Sampur, it can be elsewhere”, he is forgetting that locating it right near Gokarna (Trincomalee) is essential to the Indians. Their bid to control the port of Trincomalee will be further strengthened by their control over the power supply to the region. Once the Indians get the politically naive Sri Lankans to build the bridge over Rama-Setu (Adams bridge), a direct railway line will connect the strategic port to India. Both Colombo hegemonists and Jaffna hegemonists will in the end find that they have been taken over by the big brother from the North. Mr. Wickremesinghe may think that this will weaken the hand of the Northern Provincial Council to a mere milli-volt, but he too will be nothing but a powerless spark from a Wimshurst machine. So, I am sure the Indians want the power-plant in this very strategic location for much more than selling coal.

So, Prof. David is quite mistaken when he believes that moving away from coal-fired power plants is NOT a practical possibility available right now. It is not , by any means some sort of “pie in the sky idea” of alternative-energy evangelists.

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Latest comments

  • 18
    7

    Samapura? Where is that? This bigot is comparable to Vibhushana the imbecile!

    • 13
      3

      The international community, why infact the whole world knows very well the massacre of the French NGO workers at Sampur. Records, evidence, reports are available in servers located in Siberia. So no matter how you distort the name Sampur, or divert the attention to another problem created specifically to delete the memory of Sampur, the effort is futile.

      Professor, PH.D. , whatever titles you give yourself, just curious, how much do you get paid for this kind of work of trying to fabricate stories? Average Sri Lankans are smart and can guess what you are trying to say. The Vadu bass who works in my residence gets more respect from me because he works sincerely, and he can deliver a better explanation if requested.

    • 8
      8

      Unlike you he is very much knowledgeable on SL history and has published his study on the origins of place names in North of SL. His studies are based mainly on Dutch maps of SL.

      Between isnt it fascinating BI picked the name of Sama pura out of everything he has said. He talks about how India attempts to control SL, how it is bad for people in SL specially tamils and how we can adopt renewable energy..but as usual for SL tamils he picks up the name Sama pura

      • 8
        7

        such,

        There is no surprise at all that you have come in defence of this towisted individual! Birds of the same feathers flock together!

        • 3
          1

          in defence of what?

      • 1
        1

        Because when you offer someone a banana with a Needle inserted in it your intended delivery is not obviously the banana. Right?

    • 14
      7

      BI,
      “This bigot is comparable to Vibhushana the imbecile! “

      One and the same!

      • 3
        2

        Anpu

        “One and the same!”

        You mean Chandre Dharmawardana is a Sangam scholar.

        Can please you confirm it?

    • 11
      3

      Looks like he is Vibhushana. Most of the time Vibhushana quotes from the fake website created by this guy.

    • 7
      3

      He is the one that runs fake websites for Vibhushana. Prof Dharme has that one bee in his bonnet. Otherwise he is OK.

      • 6
        3

        Old Codger,

        Why do you think intelligent Sinhala people like this Professor resort to faking the truth? Is it fear that is driving them to such a low level. Unless this fear of India is removed, Sri Lanka cannot move towards prosperity as a nation.

        How do I, as a Tamil, convince these people that we are not for separation and we mean no harm to the Sinhala people? Autonomous Tamils region/s will not in anyway belittle the Sinhala and their wellbeing.

        What do we need to do?

        • 3
          2

          B.I,
          These people have been brainwashed from infancy that they are Aryans of North Indian descent, and therefore somehow superior. It does not occur to them that more people would have simply walked across the land link to Mannar (When it existed not so long ago)than supposedly sailed all the way from Bengal. They cannot bear the thought that they may be Sinhala-speaking Tamils, or their opposite numbers Tamil-speaking Sinhalese!
          As you say, it is an irrational fear of India that drives even educated people to such depths of self-deception.

        • 5
          1

          Burning Issue

          Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana are suffering from the same symptom that most Sinhalese suffer, a majority with a minority complex. He believes that the Sinhalese are trapped between the devil (80 million Tamils to the North) and the deep blue sea (to the South). This kind of fear Psychosis was instilled in the minds of the Sinhalese by none other than the Mahavamsa author when he wrote, Dutugemunu felt that he could not stretch himself because of Tamils to the north and the deep sea to the south. As long as they believe in this kind of myth that is not based on reality (delusions), especially unfounded fear or suspicion, we should expect such concocted stories, twisted theories based on biased assumptions, etc. from people like Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana. It is a kind of mental illness that many of them suffer irrespective of their status/background (both educated and uneducated).

    • 5
      3

      Burning issue,
      All sinhala Buddhist r same fools, PHD or village dump & dick their brain work one way….Buddhism teach them nothing simply hatred towards tamils….i believe lord Buddha never allow these stone age monsters allow his followers…

      • 5
        1

        Weather it is Sinhala elite educated in Royal/Ananda, Peradeniya/Colombo, Oxford/Cambridge, Harvard/Yale, etc. or the uneducated Sinhala village coconut plucker/toddy taper or trishaw driver, there is hardly any difference when it comes to habits, attitude, behaviour, and thinking. They all have the same low mentality and narrow mindedness. Sometimes I feel that the coconut pluckers are much more clever/intelligent than these so called ‘Educated’. It is their inherent nature I believe.

        Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana is one of the Best examples.

        • 0
          1

          U r right bro,
          I strongly believe his wife must be working 4 middle east monsters….this guy must be earning pittance in srilanaka….really sorry 4 this dump head…

    • 5
      1

      I’ve read couple of articles from this author that never promotes reconciliation in between Tamils and Sinhalese in Sri Lanka. He has been living and working in Canada! In fact, he is working for National Research Council of Canada that is funded by Canadian Tax payers. His day job is to promote Science and to make people’s life better. But he has been promoting hate speech in Sri Lanka. Many of his articles are based on his ethnic background and always take a shot on Tamils or Tamil related topics. He believes Tamils have been living in SL only for last few centuries. His supporters are hard-core racists in SL. No wonder why NRC is struggling to produce quality research work lately. Perhaps former PM of Canada was right to cut the funding to NRC because of under performing PI’s like him.

      • 1
        3

        Hi Sampure
        How does using the old sinhala name for “Sampur” as samapura become a shot at the Tamils, and undermine reconciliation?It is not even the Tail name Champoor.
        If the Tamils living in Dehiwela can now put out boards with the name Dehiwelai in some of their shops, and if some Kotahena Tamil people can change the name to Kottachennai, we sinhalese should at lease have the minimum right to call these places by their names that we are used to. Batakotte has become Vaddukoddai, and we tolerate all these.Tamils have distorted most place names even in the south and East, Tangalle becoming Tangallai, Sinhala Waadiya becoming Chenkaladi etc etc., and this sort of thing was even raised in Parliament by Ven. Medhananada. The English call the capital of Belgium Brussels, while the french speakers call it Bruxelles, and pronounce it as such. Same for Aix-en-Chappelle, and Achen.
        That is live and let live.
        So the Sinhalese should have their basic right too, just as Tamils can use the Tamil form of these place names. Live and let live is the basis of reconciliation, and NOT imposing the tamil forms on us. But where is your contribution to reconciliation? Forcing your stuff on us even in Vellalawatta!
        When are you respecting the culture of the Sinhalese?
        Do you really think most sinhalese believe that they come from a Lion?
        Do you really think all Christians believe that women were created from the rib of a man? Or that virgin births are possible! Do all Hindus believe that different castes of people were created from different parts of the body of Brahma?
        Just don’t be so naive.
        The Mahavamsa has a lot of legend and a lot of valid history, and Karthigesu Indrapala has written so eloquently.

        I see this article by Dr. Chandre now appearing in the Island, where the title is Is Sampur coal-power generator necessary?
        So the author has cleverly used the fact that most commentators at this website are a bunch of Tamil-nationalist extremists, and he is deliberately provoking them, knowing that they will make a fool of themselves. GREAT STRATEGY.

    • 2
      1

      the way Tamils criticize this article, it looks Kumar David was talking about the political importance of the coal power plant for Tamils.

  • 13
    4

    Professori,

    Where did you get this Samapura from?

    Look at the map again.

    • 6
      11

      dutch maps ( you know dutch archives reveal a lot on Tamil settlements by them)

      • 5
        3

        because of the ill advice of Sinhala settlor to Dutch

      • 3
        1

        sachoooooooooooooooooooooooo the stupid II

        Dutch made several maps. Which map are you referring to? Is it the Orientalis Indicum 1692? Or the Oceanus qui et Mare? Or the Conde Uda of Ceylon?

        What are we looking for in the map?

  • 5
    0

    Dr. Dharmawardana,

    You are correct.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_power_in_India

    Sri Lanka must invest in solar power, for posterity.

    Coal power plants should be phased out gradually.

  • 3
    2

    I guess what Prof KD wrote was investing billions of $$ on larger scale solar farms now would provide enough electrical power that SL needs it? If not then SL has no other alternative than getting the power it needed from other cheap sources available. If I were an investor then I would not invest on larger scale solar farms now until the solar sensor technology reaches its maturity level. But that doesn’t mean I would not invest on a business to sell roof top solar panels to high end early adapters.
    It’s funny that people have made fun of Prof KD as out of touch Theoretical Professor but what he wrote was the practical answer to manage the current electrical power shortage problem in SL.

  • 3
    2

    “Is The Samapura Coal-Power Generator Necessary?”
    Perhaps not any more.
    The hot air that “Sri Lanka the miracle of Asia” is now gone with MR

  • 2
    0

    It is common sense that we require sources of energy such that the cost per unit energy generated should be one of the lowest. As opposed to thermal plants, (ones run on fossil fuel), Coal power plants fall into the “less expensive” category. In terms of environment and toxicity, still there is a price to pay. Of course one can say that coal power generation of today is more “refined”, “cleaner” and therefore less polluting than in the past. Solar power generation on one hand emits no toxic material to the environment though still capital intensive although it was more in the past. On the other hand, where would the older power generating “cells”, when defective, would go to? It is simply hazardous e-waste, a subject that is less spoken in the environment conscious world. The best option still seems to be hydro-power. Problems? Yes. The opportunities for it is less. The requirement of a height difference is crucial. Building of dams etc. have their own environmental impact. Conclusion? Can’t make an omlette without breaking an egg.

    • 1
      0

      Common Sense

      Please provide evidence that coal power today is ‘cleaner’ than ever before. There is no such thing as clean coal- it is a myth that exists only on paper. Coal today or coal those days- still toxic, and clean coal/scrubbers are just a myth invented by the coal lobby.

  • 1
    0

    [Edited out] Please write instead of posting links – CT

  • 4
    1

    A well-reasoned article by the Cambridge educated professor of physics. This adds further credence to the theory that the once reasonably articulate Prof AKD [Edited out]

    • 3
      5

      He was not a Professor of Physics. He was a professor of Chemistry at Sri Jayewardenepura University, Sri Lanka, who failed to do any memorable job to that Institution.

      • 3
        0

        I looked up the Wikepedia article on Chandre Dharma- and also the Canadina Whose Who. He has been a Professor of Physics at the Unversity of Paris, and he is currently listed as a Professor of Physics and the University of Montreal. So where did I miss the chemistry prof part? Perhaps he was a professor of Chemistry in SL?

    • 1
      0

      Cambridge educated professor???

      It is very strange that even the world famous universities could not mold the mind and thinking of these congenital scoundrels.

  • 4
    0

    The comparison with Cochin is very apt. If the Indians can do it, and if they have already set up a 12MW solar plant in Cochin, and if Dr. Kumar David had been aware of it, he would not have written his article taunting the “alternative energy evangelicals”.
    So it is good that some body brings this matter to focus and put the CBE on the straight path.

    There is NO NEED for coal power plants, even if the seem to be cheap. Once you add the human cost and the cost of sickness, coal-power is FAR MORE EXPENSIVE than other types of power.

  • 2
    0

    I had always wondered what Sampur meant. Similar tamil place-names end in “ur” rather than “pur” (e.g., like in Earvur, ஏறாவூர் puttur etc).”
    Thank you for the clarification. This article is actually full of interesting facts.

    The pollution from Tamil Nadu coal-fired power plants come and land in the Mannar and other Northern parts of the country. Besides, there is also an Indian Nuclear power station in Kundan kulam that we should take note of.
    Given the short distance between the Indian mainland and Lanka, this country needs to make her voice heard in India, objecting to the Indians unilaterally constructing such installations that can be dangerous to this country.

  • 4
    3

    “The ancient name of the city itself (saama-pura, the “city of Peace”), has been long forgotten; it has been a place where blue murder has been committed by both sides in the name of ethnic nationalism.”

    That is Chandre’s unusual comedy.
    During the foreign rule three things has been taught wrong to Sinhalese by the ruling European Masters. 1. One is “Sinhalese are Aryans”. So Chandre like the ones, for long time, have been dreaming that they are part of the ruling class and believing their Catholic and Christians names were coming from European ancestors. Now, even after it has been proved that they are just another South Indian Tamils (more specifically, by DNA, they are more related Tamilnadu than the Jaffna Tamils, who are more related to Serar).
    2. Second “Their Mahavamsa was telling truth” about Vijeya but Ramayana tales about Ravana is only a myth. Comparing only the incidents of Rama’s visit to Lanka to win Ravana and Vijeya’s visit to Lanka to seek refuge, the latter one is a complete fib and the former one was a real incident, leaving behind many evidences. Rama was a Dravidian King. In his time there were no horses. He walked to Lanka. Ravana did not have horses. Rama won the war and returned to North India. When the Aryans picked up the legend that existed even before they came to India, Valmiki add may imaginative components, like Ram and Lakshmana only travelled to Ceylon, no troops up to Tamil Nadu,; In Tamilnadu Monkeys’ kingdom exited; In Ceylon Rakshasa lived, like Kunevi in latter days’ Mahavamsa; Ram Conducted Aswamedha Yaga and many other openly unbelievable components; Europeans discounted it as complete fib. They upheld Vijeya story and only accepted that the sex with the lion is not the true part. We see the Dravidian names in Ramayana are converted into Sanskrit even though Valmiki has accepted many in the story are not Aryans. We know names like Ravana, or Vibhushan cannot be Dravidian names of those days. The same way, Mahanama had changed all Tamil names to appear as Pali. Further confusion is Mahanama was foreigner to Lankawe, though Valmiki was native of North India. So Mahanama had no feeling of the name he put down in writing from the legend. We know Thirunavukkarasar’s official name was Dharmasena. Latter it was withdrawn and a New Tamil name was given to him as he initiated the war against the foreign Religions like Jainism and Buddhism. This Tamilising his name is very similar to Maraimalai Adigalar Tamilised his name.
    3. Third is the illusion about the religion and Language. It is officially accepted the Birth of Sinhala Language is about 6th century. Mahavamsa is quoting Vijaya’s arrival is about a 1000 years ago. Mahanama has not posted any theories about the Sinhala Language, other than Buddhism. So these Europeans had left the Sinhala Community as orphans for 1000 years without a proper Language to speak though a very civilized community described by Mahanama. Whites failed to understand this funny mismatch they were creating. They never cared to think about what was the reason for Sinhala to have Tamil grammar. Unlike Tamil, which has grammarless Kodum Tamil and Classical Chentamil, Sanskrit is known to have only classical part. If the Sinhalese were picking up of Tamil words from colloquial Tamil, there is no way it can pick up Grammar. If it were a Language brought by Vijeya as Sanskrit or Pali , there is no way it could have missed its Grammar. The truth is Mahanama and other chased out, 6th century monks did not like to use native language to teach the religion. They used Pali and Sanskrit. This is not a strange phenomenon. It is said one wave of Sanskrit created Malayalam Telugu like language. But Mahrati, a northern Kannada Language, met two-three waves of Sanskrit, has completely lost its ID. As an in isolated island, Sinhala has maintained its best effort of maintaining its Dravidian ID, when in 6th Century the Indo – Aryan language invasion took place. Kantharodai Buddhist artifacts have proved that time there was no Sinhala Buddhism existed. These are as old as 2nd century. There was only Tamil Buddhism existed in that time. Further, the Buddhism entered to Ceylon through Nagadeepa. That tells the King Dutugemunu might have been a Hindu during the war and Elara, who had South Indian Connection might have been a Buddhist. Dutugemunu had his offering to Kathirkama Kanthan and Elarla had an Aarachchi mani. (Justice Bell- Should be a custom of Buddhist Tamil kings) Mahanama, just like Valmiki who switched over Dravidian Rama to Aryan decennary, Mahanama switched his kings’ religions. Elarla died as a Buddhist, but Gemunu changed his religion at Anuradhapura. Chandre has to understand in the olden days there was no Sanskrit excited in Lankawe to have name Saamapura. Further he has to note Pura Transformed into Tamil as puti(புரி) or putam(புரம்). Ex : ilankaputi, Anutathaputam…Only Uur becomes like Ezhumpur, Sampur like that… Sanskirt “Saama” is Music. This this Tamil Chaampoor(சாம்பூர்), written in english as “sampur”. That is ok . So, let us forget the “saama” part and look at this sheer bone of contention because it is going take time to know for Chandre that he is South Indian from Tamilnadu not a white European Aryan.

    I have written here many times I may comment on Lankawe politics, election, government.. etc., it is just because the fault of I read CT, but I have no connection to those. But would I like one thing to happen in Lankawe. That is the case Fishermen community launched should be won in the Supreme Court Against the CCCC. This is not because I want to separate the Fishermen community from the Sinhala Intellectual, an absolutely unwanted action, though the Fishermen are hardworking crowd and needs all the sympathy they can get; neither it is out of my utmost allergy to the communism, as I am far away from Port City.

    Tamil may be ended up tied to the Sinhala Lankawe to live with ever. Tamils may get Federal or as per their wish, a separate country and live aside to or away from Sinhalese, But I don’t like those Dragon crowd near to anywhere to the Tamil land. The Muslim Tamils have a proverb. (I believe it is Muslim proverb) Aamai pukuntha Veedum, Ameena Puntha veedum Uruppadaathu. (The house a turtle entered and house Ameena entered will never flourish) I do not know the turtle part (that might be a mythical part, if somebody knows that, they can tell me) but what the second part is if the loan lender enters a borrower’s the house and control the owners that was the end of that family’s story. I saw what china did in Nuraicholai; I clearly saw how they commuted that grip to Port City; then I saw how they revenged Ranil, when he went to China, in Hambantota Deal (again I am not a friend of Ranil). This is what infused the nervous braking chilling pain into my body.

    I never ever want that Dragon in Tamil area even in Lankawe. That is how the gradual growth of the power supply of the country was destroyed by Old King. Now Prof: Kumar is trying to cut a Diamond with a Diamond. He wants to fix a fault by another fault. He not is providing a strategic solution. He is coming out with solution of crisis management, a shortcut. I do not think Sampur Power plant is solution at all for Lankawe’s Problem. This was proposed by India only to compete with Nuraicholai China’s plant. If the Nuraicholai had come as normal, then there is no urgency to build another one blindly. Further Japan is competing in that too. If Japan is not getting Sampur and India gets it, Japan will have its plant promoted in some other city. It sees, like India, China as an opponent. It will try its best compete China inside the island. I do not think one more coal plant is good for the country. Western countries are moving away from it. There will not be any better technology of that will come out. It is so foolish to Lankawe remain blessed with A-40 and Morris Minor forever. Time for to get rid of those and come out with fresh ideas. Prof Kumar should understand that necessity should be used to mother inventions, not to back track to the past.

    • 1
      8

      He has studied place names in North using Dutch archives and dutch maps. :)

      • 3
        2

        sachooooooooooooooooo the stupid II

        I have a copy of the dutch map on my desk. I have noticed there are a few names such as Navitham Saadeil, Kaatu Taraiyel, Physalis minima, Oryza sativa, Borassus flabellifer, Allium cepa ….. etc.

        I am unable to locate tabacum slaaf. Why?

  • 1
    1

    Rama was a Dravidian King. In his time there were no horses. He walked to Lanka. Ravana did not have horses. Rama won the war and returned to North India.

    If Rama was a Dravidian king, why did he return to North india?
    Dravida, I thought meant people who were “in the south of the
    Vindhya mountains”.
    Surely, both Ramayana and mahavamsa are partly myth and partly folklore and a bit of
    history too.

    And what does nuraicholi mean? nurai can mean frothing,
    or to do with lungs , but has no real sense when connected with -cholai?

  • 4
    5

    Dear prof Chandre,

    ‘Class-II carcinogens may give cancer at very high doses and long exposures. For instance, a dose of up to 8 tea spoons per day of glyphosate may be safely ingested by a 70 kg individual, according the the relevant European occupational health authority. However, yielding to fear-mongering, the Sri Lankan government has banned Glyphosate, one of the least dangerous substances in the group of class-II carcinogens, while leaving most class-I carcinogens and all other class-II carcinogens untouched. The plan to install more coal capacity while talking of a “toxin-free agriculture” is sheer hypocrisy.’

    Please write more on this subject.

  • 4
    4

    About the subject, SLG should take action to promote usage of solar panels in sri lankan households and to push people towards using electric cars.

    Having solar panels at home and using an electric car is very very lucrative. I have a friend of mine who spends only 500 Rs for both electric consumption and fuel for car after having installed solar panels.

    During MR period, Aus gover came into an agreement to build a facility that manufacture solar panels. I wonder what happened to that.

  • 1
    0

    Ur of the Chaldees (bible) (4,000 BC) Sumerian.
    Probably one of the oldest cities in human history
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ur

    Singapore=Singapur
    Jaipur

    Anuradhapura

    Urban (try the European pronunciation)

    Ur=pore=pura all mean city.

    • 0
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      Sumarian was the world language (like English today) for 35 centuries. So, indded, many old sumarian words came in to Indic languages (so called Indo-European languages) and into the Language of the Rig veda. The Rig Veda prakrit is what was formalized into Sanskrit by Panini. With the Asokan conquests these languages influenced the southern Languages (Dravidian, i.e., Dameda in the Mahawamsa). Thus UR and also PUR, pura, puram came to these languages.THere are many such words, both in Sinhala, and in Tamil.

      The work of Gayer and other linguists, as well as the work of Geiger, Paranavitana, Nicholas and other more resent linguists show that by the 2nd century BC there was a distinct language that may be called Sinhala in Sri lanka; it being an Island it was protected from the continuing indian influences which produced other versions of local languages intermixed with Prakrit.

      Dharshanie Ratnavalli has written popular accounts about Sinhala Prakrit and Tamil Prakrit in columns of the Colombo Telegraph. According to the Indaian Epigraphist Mahadevan, Tamil as a distinct language sprang up from Tamil Prakrit around the time of the rise of the Sangam period, i.e., any time from 1st CE to 3rd CE. The Cankam literature refers to Lankam as “Cinkalam” சிங்களம், distinct from Thamilakam தமிழகம்.

      As for Sampur, the Tamil net explanation that a city was named after the weeds growing in a swampy area is just ludicrous. Trincomalee area was a historic port from ancient times, and the area was known as Go-karna and many battles were fought here since ancient times, and since the time of Mahasena who followed a Mahayanist form of Buddhism initially and came into conflict with the “Maha-vihaara” tradition of Anuradhapura. The name “Samapura” is said to be found in sinhala literary works like the Vanni Rajavaliya, and it is more believable than claim for “champu-ur”, or city of reeds, for which there is no literary justification and stands contrary to commion sense.
      Nallur is another name which has come down from Nagpur (or Nakapura) as the Norther Penisnsula was populated by the Nagas. The Nallur temple of today would have been the
      principal temple of the Naga people, worshipping God Natha. There is even today a “Nagaposhani temple” in Nagadeepa. So both Hindus and Buddhists have assimilated God Natha into the respective religious worship.

      Norchcolai, which Mullyan claims to be Nurai-cholai is known in sinhala as “hora-golla”, where “hora” is a name of a tree, and “golla” means a clamp (of trees).
      Norochcholai is in fact the location of another coal-fired plant that limps along from crisis to crisis.

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        Kautilya,

        How old are you, ம்ay be 150? You have such an old – old – old theory.

        Please read this discussion. The Sumerian itself is a form of Tamil.
        https://in.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20061218071451AAXdRkZ

        Uur went to Sanskrit as pur and and become pura. This came back to Tamil as putam. That I have told already. Uur is a Tamil word. When conjugations take place, depending on the adjoining words, and as per the Tamil grammar, Uur becomes Pur. As per gramer, Pur can not be made Uur, back in Tamil. So that side transfer did not take place. So it went from Tamil to Sanskrit. There is one another way, Pur can become “Ippur” or “Appur” in Tamil, becuase “ip” is not accpted as stating sound for words in Tamil. (There is no Ravana in Tamil, only Itaavanan”; Ravana is not foreign form, but it is in illegal form; You can call car as Kar in Tamil , no illegal sound form, but Lorry is illegal form, not allowed) But the Tamil word is clean Uur. Your theory is so funny; Sumerian Uur came to Sanskrit as Pura. Sanskrit is appearing in India about 3000 years ago. That time sumerians are not there. So still Sanskrit plucked out of the thin air the word Pura. Then as per you, it lend back to Tamil again as Uur. Really an strange Phenomena.

        Can you explain me these incidences. The Ultimate Mother(Goddes) in Tamil is Uma (shiva’s wife); Mother in Tamil is Amma. Sanskrit is using Mathuru. Still Arabian languages using Umma as their mother. Are telling The Umma went to Sanskrit as Mathuru and came back to Tamil again as Uma and Amma? Come on man don’t make that comedy!

        There are many books about the trade relationship existed between Indus Valley and Samaria, but now they are seeing DNA connection too. The latest is “a race from near Mediterranean sea left 9000 years ago to sumeria, Egypt and Indus Valley. Read all about it in Internet. Well wishes!

        Champoo(சம்பு) is Elephant Grass. This is the plant Tamil net is talking about. Some time Jute and reed also meant by that name.

        “The Cankam literature refers to Lankam as “Cinkalam” சிங்களம், distinct from Thamilakam தமிழகம்.” Thank you, you have killed Vibhushana. Lankam, Lavangam all refers to cinnamon in Tamil, not lion, the Chinkam. He was not agreeing and insisting Tamils used a word Chinkalam. Eelam is pure Tamil, Lankaput(r)i is adopted from Vadamozhi. Those are the word Tamils used for Ceylon. Lanka is coming from Lankam or Lavankam. But Chinkalam in Tamil is directly pointing to lion. This is very recent one. Not in Classical Tamil.

        Iravatham Mahadevan has not dated Tamil’s origin as 3rd CE. It is some of the Bald headed people’s work from Lankawe. Infact his dating of Tholkappiam is 1st BCE. If a Tholkappiyam like Grammar needed to Language, that must have had fully developed literature and about 1000 years old. So the Tamil origin easily dated to 3000 years. That hay have said the Veda and Sanskrit, which has 3000 years history. Remember, in those days no other languages had Grammer books other than Sanskrit and Tamil. But many are not agreeing with him. They are pointing the similarities in between Panini and Tolkappiyam and saying the same grammar went from Tamil to Sanskrit. Panini dated about 3rd BCE. So some people dating Tholkappiyam to 5th BCE. As now, even Westerners are agreeing that Sanskrit Grammar is based on Tamil, so the argument Panni took rules from Tolkappiyam is more relevant.

        Iravatham, for long time, holding that Indus valley Scripts(corpus of symbols) are not Dravidian. Now he has changed his mind.

        You are going to go back as 5000 years of Tamil with his talk here. Pls read it too.

        ‘Indus script early form of Dravidian’
        Iravatham Mahadevan proves the point with the help of ideograms

        Iravatham Mahadevan, a well-known expert in Indian epigraphy, especially the Indus and Tamil Brahmi scripts, on Friday unveiled what he termed as his long years of studies on the Indus Valley script, demonstrably showing that the language of that once great civilisation “was an early form of the Dravidian.”

        Making a presentation of his latest paper, “Dravidian Proof of the Indus Script via The Rig Veda: A Case Study” at the Roja Muthiah Research Library here, he explained with the help of ‘ideograms- a picture or a symbol that represents an idea or a concept-,’ that the “Indus language has been correctly identified” as an early form of the Dravidian script.

        He said the methodology followed “is to identify the ideograms, find the Dravidian roots with the nearest literal meanings and interpret them through the rebus technique to get at the intended meanings.” (A ‘rebus’ is an allusional device that uses pictures to represent words or parts of words.)

        This technique has helped in arriving at this conclusion, he said.

        Explaining the frequent phrase of four signs (ABCD), as in the above picture, Mr. Mahadevan, who was earlier this year awarded the prestigious ‘Campbell Medal -2014’ by the Mumbai Asiatic Society, formerly Royal Asiatic Society, said that in short, the signs stood for ‘Merchant of the City’.

        Referring to two divergent streams arising from the Indus Valley civilisation, he said, ‘’the Earliest Old Tamil, which has retained the Dravidian roots of the Indus phrase still, is firmly interlinked, but with modified meanings.”

        The results reveal “a string of names and titles associated with the Pantian dynasty’’ whose remote ancestors were probably traders in the Indus civilisation, he said.

        After the collapse of the Indus civilisation, he said in his paper that a section of the Indus Valley population had migrated to south India and the “the Indus Dravidian influenced the South Dravidian languages”. The earliest traces of such migratory influence are found in the ‘Old Tamil’. – The (Madras) Hindu.

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          Thank you for the informative comment.
          People should be able to discuss these things without abusing each other, recognizing that many things are speculative.
          Very few people believe that Tamil came before Sumarian!
          When does one appellation stop and another bigin?
          It is like an orthodox Jewish scholar who would claim that Adam was a Jew.

          You say “Can you explain me these incidences. The Ultimate Mother(Goddes) in Tamil is Uma (shiva’s wife); Mother in Tamil is Amma. Sanskrit is using Mathuru

          “Maathru” is the honorific form of “Ma”. The latter, i.e., Ma, is the common local usage for mother, probabaly even in middle Prakrit.
          The Tolkappian type of grammar rules allow you to add a vowel in front of it and it becomes
          “amma”.
          This is actually not just “owned” by Tamil, but it is a universal sound. Zoologists have noted this sound among mammals (e.g., cow and calf), and also among primates.

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            I am going to dropped out. But a little bit more, just for the time being

            You appears did not get the role Tamil is playing between Sanskrit and Sumerian by using both Umma and Amma, they both are settling with their own names(words). Some other “U” sound words in Tamil still pointing towards middle East. Ulakam(உலகம்) (Uur)ஊர், Umaa (உமா).

            Further you may note Tamil and Sanskrit has the same phenomena repeated here too.

            Aye ஆய்(- Mother) Both use in the same sound. M-aya-i மாயை, மாயா( great mother,Illusions appears from great mother’s activities), There sanskrit pick up the “M” as great not mother, but Tamil still getting along with the Amma convention.

            Tamil did not just add an “A” sound to Amma. Tamil has extremely extensive relationship names(word) than many other Languages. Interestingly many have that “A” added. A couple of them

            Amma,(mother)
            Appa,(father)
            Annai,(bother)
            Akkaa, (sister)
            Ayichchi,(Mother, Grandmother)
            Appu,(father, Grandfather)
            Aiya, (Father or sir )

            Here Sinhalese have Aya- (Valarppu thaai),

            Another Series of interesting is the higher Authority generating same sound

            Aandavan,
            Aasiriyan,
            Arasan
            Appa,
            Amma.

            This is indicating Tamil is following a mathematical system, but the others are not expressing that system. This indicates the words’s originally should be Tamil.

            Thank you

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            Kautilya,
            You say:” it being an Island it was protected from the continuing indian influences which produced other versions of local languages intermixed with Prakrit.”
            Sri Lanka was probably much less of an island than it is now , accessible on foot at least at low tide.
            You also will have to explain why the Lakshadweep and Maldivian languages have similarities to Sinhala among other languages, in spite of being much further from the mainland.

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        Looks like Kautilya is nothing but Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana himself. As usual, a whole lot of assumptions and hypothesis (using logic/common sense according to him) in favour of the Sinhalese (fully biased). Common sense/Logic is not a reliable tool for finding truth. Common sense/Logic based on unobserved facts leads to falsehood. Any such derivations should be in accordance with etymological rules. Words in a language evolve in accordance with the etymological needs. The combination of Orientalism and Nationalism in Sri Lanka chose the path of being exclusive than inclusive.

        Dr. Sudharshan Seneviratne says,

        “There is no mention of the word Sinhala or Sinhala ethnicity in the thousand odd short inscriptions that come to us from this time (early period). On the contrary, a vast majority of the host of clan names and titles that we come across in these inscriptions only show affinities with the clans of the ancient Tamil country.”

        Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana is NOT a linguist/etymologist but a scoundrel who is trying to mislead the innocent Sinhalese to believe his concocted stories/assumptions as truth. What he should remember is that he can fool the Sinhalese but not the Tamils.

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        Bandu de Silva

        Thanks for your contribution to well being of your child protege Dharshanie Ratnavalli and your endorsement of her body of work on history.

        A keyboard and dropping few names do not make one a scholar.

        The child never mentioned Hugh Neville in her typing. Why?

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    This is a completely amateurish article. I guess it the sort of thing that the previous author (KD) ridiculed as “evangelical”.

    Prof Dharme (and commentator ‘Mallaiyuran’) why not respond concretely to the challenge in the last part of KD’s article? Nobody can take you seriously that thermal power station construction must stop IMMEDIATELY until you spell out your alternative short-term immediate programme.

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      The immediate program is what is installed in Cochin, and in New Delhi

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    The Dutch map says “Sama Pura” – peace town.

    Although on The TamilNet “Know the Etymology: 61”

    Champoor
    The village of Champu reed – Champu.
    Champu (Typha augustifolia) is a reed or sedge that grows in pools of stagnant water or along the fringes of tanks, lakes and reservoirs.

    Its quite an elaborate hoax. The TamilNet guy has completely obfuscated the word and runs around screaming “Country of the Ezam Tamil”.

    Its embarrassing. Tamils need to acknowledge the error and apologize for making life hell for people over such matters.

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      Vibhushana,

      Please give a link to the Dutch map that says Sama Pura.

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        Well, I usually go to this map.

        http://jaffnahistory.com/Eastern_Province/Sinhala_Villages_of_Eastern_Lanka_1695.html

        Although the reference to Sama Pura is not visible here.

        Perhaps Sach can direct to the map he has seen.

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          Vibhushana has given the discredited website yet again as reference! This is his creation to hoodwink people to uphold his bigotry! What a fellow!

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          Vibhushana,

          Why do you give a link if Sama Pura is not in it?

          “Perhaps Sach can direct to the map he has seen.”

          I thought you had seen it.

          Sama Pura is like the Indian rope trick. Everybody claims to have seen it, but none can show it!

          Perhaps, it’s like your bollocks. You swear you have seen it, but you cannot show it?

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            Keynes!

            The maps that Vibhushana comes up with from a fake website are NOT Dutch maps, they are all photo shopped maps (fake) created by some Sinhala racists to fool their own people. None of those maps are real.

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          Vibhushana,

          You can access the Dutch maps at:
          http://www.gahetna.nl/en/collectie/afbeeldingen/kaartencollectie

          These are high resolution images and you can search for it using words such as Trincomalee, Ceylon and Sri Lanka at the above link.

          Let’s see if hawk eye can spot Sama Pura.

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            keynes,
            Dear old Vibhushana knows perfectly well where the original maps are, but he doesn’t want you to see them, because the place names in his favourite “Jaffnahistory .com” have been creatively Sinhalized from the Dutch originals. If you go through the Dutch maps carefully, you will see that not only in Jaffna but all along the coast, there are Tamil names like Paneture, calture, Ginture and Mature.

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    This is the exact time we should convert to green power. Really we can .Sampur is just the opposite. We sign treaties with countries.

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    I fully agree with Prof. Chandre Dharmawardana’s views. The best example to show the validity of what he says is India’s hidden agenda over Sri Lanka is contained in India’s unsolicited interest in building a bridge joining India and SL. What the heck India has so much interest over linking SL to India? Are they going to do that just for the fun of a joy ride from there to here spending a colossal amount of money ? As was rightly pointed by the Professor, India will swallow SL together with its gullible politicians and masses. India may know SL may have petroleum reserves and they want to exploit it to their advantage using the bridge: they would come and build a gas powered electricity generator and also channel that power output to India through the bridge infrastructure and our resources will be devoured and depleted by an Indian monster in a few years’ time! The other issue is India is geologically hampered by its recessed location behind SL in the Indian Ocean. It first tried to dig a “Suez India” canal between SL and India to snatch the port business from SL but when environmental concerns prevented from going ahead with the project they now have resorted to covert tactics to lure SL into physically linking to India so that they can exploit our ports and other resources. Our foolish and gullible politicians and policy makers must put on Indian and Chinese shoes when they assess these alien people for development projects. The best thing is to let our limited resources be where they are as they are and gradually develop our own technology with the help of friendly countries to conservatively utilize the resources. India and China for that matter will never want to see this country advance technologically, educationally, socially or economically because then they will miss the opportunity to exploit the natural resources and opportunities available in this country. It is uneducated gullible warring poor masses that they want to live here to achieve their ulterior ends. A serious dialogue along the lines the educated professor started needs to be conducted before drafting development plans for the country.

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    Your are right.

    Give a few Solar Panels and a couple LEDs and the Dalits will be happy;

    Veallas who use Air Conditioners are all in Wellala gardens.

    American navy bring their own Generators.

    Batalanda has no plans or not any that we know of, to build a Mergapolis in even the East, let alone the North.

    It is of no use to us either, when Sivagilingams start their old tricks.

    I know vellala Sambandan sent a SOS recently to the Diaspora England to bring their Dosh to invest.( The rest wouldn’t have it anyway).

    Hope Sambandan’s plans include Condominiums in China Bay close to Marble Beach.

    I can’t wait until one comes up, so that I don’t have to travel all the way from Wellala gardens for a game of Golf.

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    We are from eastern province and last month I was in sampur, kuneethivue area.
    there farming villagers are happy to get in to their own land even without the houses, left those refugee camps and busy with building small huts to stay permanently.
    they are worried,and opposing the Indian proposed coal power plant as it is a destruction of their farming and fishing livelihoods.
    It will destroy our farming and cattle grazing lands, give burdens to tax payers as sending health ministry spending on unknown diseases going to suffer by our people, specially children, after all toxic fumes and toxic fly ashes land on north,east, and southern sea shores and land corridors up to monaragala mahiyangana, bakamuna buffer hills area.
    they do not want Indians [mostly RAW agents] presence there too.

    in sri lanka no body wants a coal power plant in sampur.
    only the commission Kaakaas of former and present regimes wants the Indian coal power plant in sri lanka.

    Government can start building Solar and wind power Farms along the coast hill line along the east, from east Mulaithiuve to Panama south.
    Because there is long hill track along the east coast line.
    if any body check with Google maps and satellite maps easily understandable.
    no need of Doctorates or higher degrees to understand this simple facts.

    The INDIAN’s Coal-Power Generator plant is NOT Necessary In Sampur or any where in Sri lanka

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    Govt should take the lead and install solar power on all Govt buildings, Institutions, Port, Airport etc. Offer incentives to all new highrise buildings, BOI Projects, Hotels for Solar / Wind Power.

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    [Edited out]

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    Dear Editor of CT, Please publish the below comments for we all love our country. Please do it for the sake of the poor masses. They are killing time and wasting million of poor souls’ money on coal and whatever when there is cheap, clean, affordable and unlimited source of power is available. Solar Power’s benefits to the country and people are in many folds. Please take this massage to the masses. Thank you. —————————————————————————— Dear Mr. Professor, In mother Lanka, all the energy professionals, experts, CEB, government and private decisions markers and politicians as far as energy is concerned are not in this world, for that matter. living far away in the real way gone dark ages, and don’t know a clue about what’s going on in the real now a day’s energy world. Just NATO, no action talk only. Before going further to the main subjects, let me highlight few things for all’s information for CEB supposed to be have 1500 engineers and how smart they are in providing the nation’s energy. The electrical power being used in the Boston area in the USA is brought in by a single cable of 1500 miles long with 2% power loss, from the hydro electric dams in Northern Ontario, Canada. Few years back, one Indian engineer known to me, working for Siemens which had the contract to maintain the substations and supply circuits for Dubai Electricity Company, said they have apart from the main circuit additional three back circuits to maintain constant power supply, if one fails the other takes over automatically in a blink of an eye. No one notice there is a power failure. In Sweden, the entire power generation net work of 18 hydroelectric dams are controlled from one central control center manned by only two persons. From these dams, they get cheap energy for more than their needs. This is the reason Facebook has set up their cloud servers there in a 300,000 sq ft facility. In the US, they are going to double their power supply without adding new capacity by upgrading their grid to smart grid and using energy efficient bulbs, appliances and equipment and machinery. Gas is cheap, plenty and current world’s reserve would last for hundreds of years, particularly in the US, their is a glut and prices are historically lowest. To take advantage of this, they are converting their entire fleet of municipality trucks, passenger and good transportation vehicles , even converting coal power plants to gas. Also they are converting gas import facilities to export to Asia – China, Japan, Korea and India. In Morocco, they and the Saudi’s are setting up a solar plant the size of three hundred soccer fields. There intention, first to them, next with several other plants to supply to Europe with under water cables through the Mediterranean. In India, in Gujarat, Mr. Modi is building a solar plant the size of Manhattan Island. Now to the subject. Solar going to be the king of energy. It’s going to push oil, coal and nuclear energy to the dust bin. It’s cheap and plenty. Only one time investment to set it up with regular maintenance, and solar energy is free and clean unlike oil, coal and nuclear. Thanks to a stunning breakthrough in chemical engineering…These tiny sand granules have unlocked an unlimited supply of fuel…Enough fuel, in fact, to power the ENTIRE PLANET for over 36,000 years. And the cost of this fuel is absolutely zero. It’s free. The incredible thing is, this is a “universal fuel.” It can be used for everything…It can power your car…Light and heat your home…Run factories…Propel cruise ships…t can even power the ENTIRE U.S. electrical grid…According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), this fuel could soon become the #1 source of energy on the planet… surpassing oil, gas, and coal power. USA Today says this fuel is “sizzling hot”…And Forbes magazine simply calls the opportunity “massive”..Jon Wellinghoff, one of the world’s top energy experts and Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), says the use of this fuel is… “…growing so fast it’s going to overtake everything… It could double every two years.” – Jon Wellinghoff, Chairman, Federal Energy Regulatory Commission This fuel is so cheap – and so easily accessible – that Fortune 500 companies are rushing to set up their own “power companies.”Google, for example, is investing $300 million to do it…Apple is investing nearly $1 billion! Everywhere you look, America’s biggest companies are going all in… including: Facebook, Amazon, AT&T, General Motors, Costco, Target, Cisco, FedEx, KaiserPermanente, Johnson & Johnson.And many more Fortune 500 companies are pouring money into this fuel at an almost unfathomable pace. Why? Because it’s suddenly become so cheap, companies can invest millions UP FRONT, and still come out way ahead of the utility companies. In fact, Walmart’s investment in this fuel is so enormous – and so cost-effective – the giant global retailer is projected to SAVE as much as $1 billion annually on energy costs. And that’s just the beginning…This free fuel can be “harvested” in most parts of the world… in huge quantities… and WITHOUT drilling, mining, or growing grain for ethanol or any other crazy biofuel. According to data from the U.S. Department of Energy, this fuel is so plentiful and powerful that in one single week it can produce 1,000 times more energy than oil, natural gas, and coal do in a full year – combined! And the man behind this breakthrough? He’s one of the greatest geniuses of the 20th century… responsible for the television, remote control, garage-door opener, laser, DVD…Yet it’s this discovery that will go down as THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT contribution to mankind ever. A new energy hierarchy has emerged, and this new fuel is the undisputed King of the Realm.., and it’s solar. The incredible thing is, the science behind this free fuel is NOT new. Physicists have known about unlimited free fuel for over 100 years. The problem is, they just couldn’t get it beyond the laboratory. Until now. Revolutionary breakthroughs have cut the cost of harvesting this fuel by over 99%…And suddenly, this fuel is so cheap that major U.S. utility companies – including the nation’s largest power company, PG&E – are desperately lobbying Congress trying to stamp it out before it decimates their fat profits. But that’s not going to happen. At this moment, an unprecedented alliance of billionaire investors…World governments…And giant corporations…Are pushing this fuel into the mainstream at breakneck speed. The U.S. Department of Defense – the largest energy consumer in the world – committed $7 billion in one day alone to put this fuel to use…Showing it’s VITAL to America’s national security and energy independence. China is already using this fuel to replace oil, gas, and coal at a frenetic pace. India is expanding its use of this fuel by 3,300% and building a new “fuel-ready” power plant the size of Manhattan! And even Saudi Arabia – a country with enough cheap oil to last for 100 years – is investing a staggering $109 billion to commercialize this new energy.This fuel is so cheap… so abundant… and so easy to access… that the Saudi oil minister, Ali Al-Naimi, says the country could COMPLETELY STOP using oil and gas.The reason is simple. This Fuel Makes Oil Obsolete! No matter where you look, no matter which expert you ask, the consensus today is the same.This fuel’s TOTAL DOMINANCE of the global energy markets is inevitable…In the coming months and years, this MASSIVE INVESTMENT is going to completely reshape the world energy structure. It’s also going to create unprecedented wealth…Right now, this fuel is just a tiny niche sector, worth about $60 billion. It accounts for less than 1% of the global energy market. It’s less than one-fifth the size of Exxon.But that’s all about to change…Based on projections by the International Energy Agency, we calculate that $48 trillion could potentially pour into this niche in the coming years.That’s a growth rate of 80,000%. You see, at the center of this energy revolution sits one tiny company that’s about to go from virtual obscurity to household name. Their revolutionary technology has completely transformed the way this fuel is harvested. At the same time, they have over 130 patents protecting their market share. To say this company is in the driver’s seat would be an understatement of epic proportions. At this moment, every major energy player on the planet is banging on their door looking for cheap energy. Their client roster is a “who’s who” of global energy players, and they are poised for a global rollout of unprecedented proportions In short, the upside is staggering…Remember, Google, Walmart, Facebook, Apple, and the U.S. Department of Defense are making massive investments into solar. And with 130 patents, this company is in the driver’s seat. Already, cities, companies, and countries from around the globe – the biggest energy consumers on the planet – are rushing to harness this company’s innovative technology. In fact, demand for their patented technology is so off-the-charts extraordinary, they’ve set up offices around the world to handle the overflow. I’m talking about China… India… Brazil… Mexico… Japan… the United Kingdom… Germany… and even Saudi Arabia. Right now we are in the midst of a global transformation that would have been unimaginable just a few months ago. Thanks to a remarkable technological breakthrough, a powerful fuel is transforming the global energy markets…And changing the world in the process. This amazing fuel is not only abundant and limitless… it’s now dirt cheap. And oftentimes…It’s cheaper than natural gas…It’s cheaper than coal…It’s cheaper than oil…More importantly, the supply of this fuel is virtually infinite, vast enough to power the ENTIRE GLOBE for the next 36,000 years. As I mentioned, this fuel, in its raw form, is not new. The initial discovery that turns it into energy was made over 100 years ago. But because harvesting costs were astronomical, it has never been a viable alternative to oil, gas, coal, or nuclear power. Until now…Stunning developments have cut costs by over 99%…And positioned this fuel as the new King of the Energy World. . Every single one of them is transitioning out of oil, gas, and coal… and into this limitless free energy. Until a few months ago, this would have been unthinkable. And yet it’s happening. Right now. FAST! There’s just no turning back. Industry experts – including the IEA and the U.S. Department of Energy – project that in the coming years… This fuel will stand as the #1 source of energy on the planet… Bigger than natural gas. Bigger than coal. Bigger than oil. Based on IEA projections, we believe this brand new sector could see 80,000% growth in the coming years. At the center of this massive, unprecedented expansion… sits one tiny company with patented technology to make it all happen. Already, this company has locked down deals with the biggest energy users on the planet. And surging demand has prompted them to set up offices around the globe in places like China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Japan, and even Saudi Arabia simply to handle the overflow! The Greatest Thinker of the 20th Century! He’s the most accomplished scientific genius in the history of the world… Like I mentioned, he is responsible for the TV and everything from remote controls to DVDs. But this achievement will go down as his greatest ever. Not only does it solve the world’s energy problems, but also it could save the planet itself. I’m talking about Albert Einstein, Time magazine’s “Person of the 20th Century”…Now, when most folks think of Einstein, they think of his Theory of Relativity… Or his groundbreaking formula: E=mc2… Or his Quantum Light Theory, which led to the TV, remote controls, CDs, and lasers. However, his GREATEST CONTRIBUTION to mankind is just now coming to light. You see, back in 1905 – over 110 years ago – Einstein discovered an infinite supply of free fuel…With the proven capacity to power the entire globe for the next 36,000 years. At first, there were plenty of skeptics…And the greatest minds in the world – scientists, PhDs, esteemed scholars – descended on Einstein’s discovery, trying to poke holes in it from every angle. When all was said and done, all the experts came to the same conclusion: Einstein was right. Zipping through the air, all around us, exist trillions upon trillions of energy particles. These particles are tiny, too small for the human eye to see individually. And each and every particle, in and of itself, is pretty meaningless. We walk, eat, sleep, and breathe in a world of energy surrounding us at all times. We are literally swimming in the stuff without even noticing! But when you “harvest” those trillions upon trillions of energy particles – capture and direct them in a concentrated way…Well, you’ve got the most massive energy source in the universe. The incredible thing is, the energy is PERPETUAL! In other words, it’s constantly REGENERATING all around us, replacing itself over and over again, second after second, every minute of every day. And the power is beyond comprehension. More Powerful than 20 Billion Hydrogen Bombs! If you capture just one second’s worth of this energy and concentrate it, it’s more powerful than 20 billion hydrogen bombs going off. As you can imagine, the scientific community was in complete awe of Einstein’s discovery. In fact, it was for this discovery – not the Theory of Relativity – that Einstein won the Nobel Prize. And rightfully so. Einstein had cracked the biggest problem facing modern society: an inexhaustible supply of energy – more power than the world would ever need. The great part is, this fuel is ABSOLUTELY FREE, available to anyone with the means to harvest it. And even better, it’s in INFINITE SUPPLY. Unlike oil, gas, coal, or even uranium, this perpetual energy will never run out. As you’ll see in a moment, we could harvest enough of this fuel in just three years’ time to power the entire world for over 36,000 years. A 36,000-Year Supply of Clean, Cheap Energy! So, where does this perpetual energy come from? Simple. It originates from our closest star.. the Sun. That’s right…The energy particles I’m talking about make their way from the sun’s core and travel at the speed of light to the Earth’s atmosphere. Trillions upon trillions of these energy particles make their way into the Earth’s atmosphere every second of every day. And they will continue to do so as long as the sun exists. Now, am I talking about solar energy? Are these energy particles the basis for what we call solar power? Well, yes and no…Technically speaking, this perpetual energy comes from the infinite power of the Sun. But this NEW GENERATION is completely different from what most folks imagine when they think of traditional solar power. I don’t know about you, but when I think of solar power, I think of expensive, cumbersome panels plastered all over my neighbor’s roof. And I think of liberals taxing me into oblivion so they can make everybody “green.”Rest assured, today’s new solar power has changed so much, it’s virtually UNRECOGNIZABLE. I’ll share some of these startling innovations in a moment. But first, let’s take a look at why solar power has taken 100 years to hit the mainstream. 100 Years in the Making. The potential of solar was obvious from the start. Thomas Edison, a genius in his own right, was so convinced by the limitless source of fuel from the sun that he said: “I’d put my money on that. What a source of power! I hope we don’t have to run out of oil and coal before we tackle this.” – Thomas Edison The U.S. Department of Energy states that 173,000 terawatts of solar energy strikes the Earth every second. That’s 10,000 times the world’s total energy consumption.That means enough sunlight hits the Earth every 40 minutes to power the ENTIRE WORLD for a full year. In other words, enough sunlight hits the Earth in every single month to power the world for 1,000 years. In three years’ time – 36 months – we could capture enough energy to power the world for 36,000 years. There was only one problem…Back in 1905, no one – not even Albert Einstein – had the technology to harness this infinite power. Consequently, for decades the world continued to burn oil, gas, and coal as trillions upon trillions of energy particles floated all around us, just out of reach. Harnessing the Sun’s Infinite Power. Finally, in 1954, a solution. Scientists working for Bell Labs created a new way to capture these energy particles and turn them into usable energy. The way it works was a level of genius that would have made Einstein proud. The scientists fashioned a “solar cell” with metal conductors on the surface.When sunlight hits these conductors, energy particles are absorbed. And here’s where the magic happens. As the sun’s energy particles are absorbed, they knock the solar cell’s existing electrons loose. Because the solar cell is made of conductors, it is able to herd these electrons into a current and funnel it to an external device, such as a lightbulb.Creating the world’s first infinite source of electricity. The New York Times stated that this new discovery was: “The beginning of a new era, leading eventually to the realization of harnessing the almost limitless energy of the sun for the uses of civilization.” Problem was, it was still so costly that it didn’t offer a viable alternative to oil, gas, or coal. Over the years, improvements were made. But still, harvesting energy from our nearest star was much more expensive than fossil fuels – roughly 110 times the cost of oil, gas, and coal. It worked fine for your handheld calculator, but it would never heat your home. Until now… Remarkable advancements in chemical engineering have cut costs by a stunning, mind-blowing 99%! Suddenly, sun power has – in many cases – become the CHEAPEST form of energy on the planet! Cheaper than coal.Cheaper than natural gas. And cheaper than oil. In fact, you could cut the cost of oil in half, over and over again, all the way down to $1 per barrel, and solar would still look cheap! You want a strong, thriving economy? You want American workers to keep more of what they earn, and put less in the pockets of the greedy utility monopolies? Well, this is the Holy Grail! Consequently, solar is growing leaps and bounds. Solar capacity has jumped 20-fold in the U.S. alone. That’s a 2,000% increase! In addition, the industry added jobs 10 times faster than the rest of the economy. And while cloudy days were a problem in the past, one new technology is so effective it can collect solar power at NIGHT… while there is NO SUN! With new storage capabilities, it doesn’t take long to collect an inexhaustible supply of power. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, 10,000 times the world’s total energy use is generated every second by the sun…Every 40 minutes, enough energy-filled sunlight hits the Earth to power the entire world for one full year. And the cost? That’s the best part. You see, the sun’s power isn’t just cheap… it’s free. Sure, there’s an upfront cost for the technology. But once you’re set up, the fuel itself is FREE. It would be like owning a car, and being able to pull up to the pump and fill up for free… every time! Let’s say oil drops… from $50 to $25 to $12 to $6 to $3 to $1.That isn’t going to happen. But even if it did, sun power would still be cheaper.Let me repeat myself: The Sunlight is Free! The only reason sun power hasn’t gone mainstream before is the technology necessary to harness solar energy has been too expensive.But suddenly the technology’s cost has plunged over 99% and is going lower every day. As you can see, the cost of solar technology has plummeted from over $76 per watt to about 5 cents per watt in some cases. That’s almost inconceivable. It’s a staggering 99.94% reduction in cost…And the impact is revolutionary. Suddenly solar is now cheaper than oil, natural gas, coal, and even nuclear power in many areas. NEVER BEFORE in the history of the world has one single form of energy had the potential to completely capture the entire global market.That is EXACTLY the potential with solar… Total 100% Global Domination! Jon Wellinghoff, Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), puts it this way…Sun power is “going to overtake everything… it could double every two years”…He’s not the only expert who thinks so…According to Ray Kurzweil, a New York Times best-selling author and Google’s Director of Engineering, solar has doubled every two years for the last 20 years. At this rate, solar is less than 16 years away from meeting 100% of the world’s energy needs. And Kurzweil believes that’s exactly what’s about to happen: The International Energy Agency (IEA) believes that solar will soon be the #1 source of energy on the planet, pushing oil, gas, and coal to the side. A distinguished fellow at Stanford University and Director of Research at Duke University’s School for Engineering, compares solar’s rise to the proliferation of mobile phones. “Within 15 years,” he says, “100% of the Earth’s energy needs will be met by solar.” And it could happen even sooner..A.comprehensive, 334-page MIT study indicates that there are already enough solar panels to power 100% of the world in coming years.Think about that…Right now, solar accounts for less than 1% of the global energy market. An expansion to 100% in the next 16 years is on a scale we’ve never seen before. And with global energy demand expected to DOUBLE during the same timeframe, we are looking at EXPONENTIAL GROWTH that’s hard to comprehend. And yet solar could DWARF anything that’s come before it… And it’s just starting… with the biggest energy players on the planet making gargantuan shifts away from fossil fuels and into solar.The U.S. Department of Defense. Saudi Arabia. India. China. Google.Walmart.Facebook.Amazon. Apple.GM. Cisco. This fact has not been lost on the world’s smartest investors. In fact, billionaires are now rushing in with full force. For example, Microsoft founder Bill Gates, the world’s richest man – the man who once called solar “cute” – has done a complete 180-degree turnaround and is investing BILLIONS into next-generation energy technologies like solar. Warren Buffett has already invested as much as $15 billion in solar and wind power and is set to double down.“There’s another $15 billion ready to go,” says Buffett. Japanese billionaire Masayoshi Son and his partners plan to invest $20 billion on solar projects in India. Russia’s richest man, oil oligarch Viktor Vekselberg, has shifted away from his oil roots to invest a massive stake in Russia’s solar development near Siberia and Kazakhsatan. Smart Solar Cells As I mentioned, solar cells have always been big, bulky, and INEFFICIENT. In other words, they don’t capture much sunlight. And of the sunlight they do capture, only a SMALL PERCENTAGE is converted into usable energy.Consequently, the cost of solar power has been extremely high, as much as $76 per KWH. The company I’m recommending today has taken solar cells to a whole new level… helping bring the cost of solar power down by a stunning 99%. And the way it works is amazing. In fact, their patented technology turns grains of sand, right off the beach, into highly efficient, wafer-thin solar cells that deliver dirt-cheap energy. That’s right. Sand contains tiny particles of a bluish metalloid called “Si.” Research physicists have determined that Si contains 14 electrons, arranged in four different shells. This is a very unique molecular structure. In fact, Si is completely different than any other element in the entire universe, and IDEAL for converting sunlight into solar energy. You see, Si is able to SHARE its four outer-shell electrons with other atoms.The sharing phenomenon creates a chain-reaction that CONVERTS sunlight into usable energy. It’s a complicated process, and this company has taken it to a whole new level. You see, in its raw form, Si is full of impurities…These impurities inhibit the conversion process, making for expensive energy, once as high as $76 per KWH. That’s what makes this company’s patented technology such a remarkable breakthrough. First, raw Si is melted in a mono-crystalline electric furnace. During the melting process, a stream of Argon is pumped into the furnace to remove impurities and inhibit oxidation.The molten Si is then cast into square blocks and cooled. The blocks are then sliced into wafer-thin slices of pure Si… The technology is scientific genius and creates highly purified Si, ready to convert sunlight into ready-to-use power. In fact, this tiny company’s patented solar cells set a NEW WORLD RECORD for power output. Incredible… and the big thing: the cost…Again, traditional solar cells delivered energy at a cost of $76 per KWH. This company’s technology is so efficient, and creates such pure Si, they are supplying a utility company with solar at 5 cents per KWH. That’s right. This company’s technology is so significant that utility companies are throwing in the towel and buying solar power! Let me repeat that: This company is supplying solar at 5 cents per KWH! No wonder every major player in the world is lining up to do business with this company. No wonder surging demand is so extraordinary they’ve had to set up offices around the world in places like China, India, Brazil, Mexico, Japan, and even Saudi Arabia just to handle the overflow! No wonder people everywhere are pouring billions into this tiny company! Can you blame them? This company is moving fast, and the client roster using their technology will stop you in your tracks. Like when Southern California Edison and PG&E, the nation’s two largest utility companies, signed a deal to convert California’s power grid into solar. Think about that. The utility industry has lobbied Congress to STOP SOLAR. But this company’s technology is so extraordinary, the biggest utility companies in the U.S. are throwing in the towel. And it makes perfect sense. If you’re a government or a company desperately trying to secure energy security, now and in the future, where are you going to invest? Are you going to invest in fossil fuels like oil, gas, and coal? Remember, these are deadly, expensive, and difficult to transport. Or will you bet on this company, and their ability to deliver a clean, endless supply of CHEAP ENERGY… for as low as 5 cents per KWH. It’s a no-brainer! Listen: The Department of Defense just invested $7 billion in a single day in solar. Think about that ..The US DoD is the world’s largest energy player. It’s going to spend billions upon billions going forward. And that includes the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. In addition, the U.S. Government – including the Department of Energy – is rushing into solar so fast it’s hard to keep track. The private sector is going all in as well. Staples.Whole Foods. Walmart – the largest corporate user of solar in the country – has signed a deal for solar facilities across the nation. At the same time, Google is investing $157 million in a utility-scale solar project driven by proprietary technology from the tiny company I’ve been telling you about… and their growth is not exclusive to the United States…In China, this tiny company has landed solar contracts with China’s national power grid, as well as Southern Power Grid Synthesis Energy, a subsidiary of China Southern Power, one of the nation’s largest state-owned utility companies.In energy-starved India, where the country is building a solar facility the size of Manhattan, this tiny company signed monstrous supply deals for a combined total of over 46 MW of solar power. In Africa, where Senegalese-American recording artist Akon – a five-time Grammy nominee – has pledged to bring sun power to 600 million people…This tiny company has already landed a deal for 300 MW worth of solar projects in South Africa alone. New Wonder and Smart Battery For storage of Solar Power This company has developed a way to store the endless power of the sun – anytime, anywhere – to be used on cloudy days and even at night! It’s the company that made solar available at night… and sold out in a week! I’m talking about solar batteries…Sleek, wall-mounted batteries with massive capacity. Powerful enough to store 10,000 watt-hours of electricity. The ramifications of this are rattling the industry. You see, until now, folks using solar had to stay plugged into the local utility company in order to maintain power at night or on rainy days. Not anymore…Now you can capture energy while the sun is shining, and then store it for use during the evenings or when the weather gets rough.This new technology could ELIMINATE the need for utility companies, allowing individuals and corporations to go completely “off-the-grid.” Think of it…No more utility bills.No more power outages.No more meter readers… In essence, this gives consumers the key to the kingdom: their very own power company! The great part is, because of the sun’s infinite power, folks who set up a solar battery can harness MORE energy than they need. That means they can sell their excess energy for a profit, and still have enough left over to use 24 hours a day. The Washington Post calls this company’s battery the “coming revolution in energy storage.”Remember: The solar market is tiny, only 1% of the global energy market. With billions of people on the planet moving into solar, you can bet every single one of them is going to want a battery. And with 750 patents, this company is positioned to dominate the market before the rest of the industry even realizes what’s happening. When the company rolled out its new batteries, they expected a positive response. But what happened is nothing short of stunning. “This company’s solar battery grabbed $800 million in its first week.” – Bloomberg Orders were flowing in so fast, they couldn’t keep up. In fact, they completely sold out in a matter of days! “We’re basically sold out through the middle of next year – in a week!” – said the company’s president Nighttime Solar! An Israeli firm says it has developed a way to keep solar plants running at full capacity, 24/7, day and night! This is a breakthrough that could revolutionize the solar industry. Reverse Solar! Imagine capturing “reverse sunlight” as it bounces OFF the earth and returns to space. This could double the effectiveness of solar. Liquid Solar! Harvard’s done it again. This time, they’ve found a way to turn sunlight into liquid fuel. Sunlight-in-a-jug could be coming soon. Solar Paint! Imagine slapping a new coat of paint on your house, and turning your home into a mini-power company. Now imagine turning that dream into a reality for your car! That means no stops at the gas station because the fuel source is literally painted onto your vehicle. Ultra-thin and flexible solar cells! A U.S. patent has been awarded for a solar cell that is 100 times thinner than a piece of paper. Amazing. The solar cells are incredibly flexible and lightweight, making for endless applications in both the military and commercial sector. Solar Roads! That’s right. No need for fuel. Your car could one day run on the power generated by the road itself! Folks are bound to get wealthy once America’s highway system produces extraordinary power. My dear Professor, the above is a small glimpse of the Solar Revolution. All are from the experts. They are real verifiable facts and no fiction at all. We should put away all our differences for the sake of our country and it’s poor folks. We should move vigorously on this path of the Solar Power, instead of killing time and wasting millions of poor people’s money. Now, only cheap, reliable, good and unlimited source of power is the King Solar. I’m aware that you are in one energy committee of the government, and in their eat shots. Please, kindly take this message to them. Ask them to set up hard hitting and high powered organization with dynamic and capable persons to take forward this Solar Revolution. If this taken well forward it could change people’s life in many ways and change the face of the entire nation. Ask them to wave off duties on solar cells and equipment. Provide incentives and assistance to home owners and businesses going solar. Also to the solar entrepreneurs. This could saves huge in foreign exchange and create massive employment opportunities on a scale never heard in the history of the country. All these revolutionary solar companies with their cutting edge products are from the USA. Our government could get all the assistance from the US government to tap the resources of these companies to move ahead with this Solar Drive for the good of all. Than you.

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      You’re talking poppycock to show off what you think you know. Face reality. Solar panels, cial, hydro, nuclear are all needed. Sri Lanka cannot just hope to erect solar panels on every house.

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    Sir, the world’s largest Airport Solar Farm is at Indianapolis(Indy) Airport in Indiana, USA. It covers 75 acres of land and it still cannot provide all the power even for the airport. The costs are higher than other sources of power and therefore it is subsidized. It is owned by a Chinese firm out of Taiwan. Land is scarce in Sri Lanka. Where will you put all the Solar farms to replace Coal plants to generate the same amount of power?

    After the second phase was added in 2014 at the Indy Airport, it is estimated that 32,100 sun-tracking panels will produce more than 15.2 million kilowatt hours of electricity annually; That is said to cover approximately 1,500 average American homes.

    So sir, I am wondering if Solar, Wind, GeoThermal are immediately viable and cost effective for generating large amounts of power in a poor nation. What if we look at combinations of several options?

    For example Coal with cleaner air technology, hydro power, and other renewable sources like above? The problem is there is no nation on earth that is solely running on renewable sources. Finald has massive amounts of forest cover and yet it uses 60% Hydropower and considered a world leader in BioEnergy. SL does not have that sort of forest cover or industrial forestry/farm foresty to use bioenergy. Recycling trash can provide some methane too BUT reality is you have to look at cheap alternatives.

    The Pinus caribbea plantations can be a great source of construction timber and plywood if you bring in the technology and start forest farming like in the USA where millions of acres of lands are farmed for timber exclusively outside the reservations and natural forests. But that will not solve the energy dilemma. Even for that, it will need massive amounts of land to grow and harvest timber on a sustainable basis. But I digressed there.

    Germany and France use a lot of Nuclear power but the capital overlay to do something like that will be too much for Sri Lanka unless it piggybacks on India. India uses Nuclear Energy. Energy consumption in India is the fourth biggest after China, USA and Russia.

    France
    nuclear: 74.5%
    hydro-electric: 16.3%
    thermal: 9.1%
    wind power and other renewable sources: 0.1%

    India : total primary energy consumption from crude oil (29.45%), natural gas (7.7%), coal (54.5%), nuclear energy (1.26%), hydro electricity (5.0%), wind power, biomass electricity and solar power is 595 Mtoe in the year 2013.(source Wiki and is not the most reliable but I cross checked with other sources.

    Here is an interesting article on India’s energy issue

    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/542091/indias-energy-crisis/

    Sir, when they refer to biomassit is a combination of cow patties and wood. India has over 280million cows, and these holy animals give out a valuable resource when they shit.

    If you go to India, even in the North, cowpatty mixed with mud is use (immensely)for flooring in house and for building and above all for firing stoves etc. Most Indians are extremely poor and 600million still do not have toilet facilities. So they innovate. They have stoves that use cow pattys. I lived in a house like that in Punjab where the landlady used a cowpatty stove for many things and had a kerosene pressure stove for faster cooking. Cows are everywhere in India but not so in Sri Lanka.

    Norway and Britain: Britain’s top three sources of electricity are gas, coal and nuclear. Norway’s are hydroelectric, geothermal and wind, but they’re an interesting case. Norway’s renewable energy sector has developed to serve the export market rather than domestic consumption. If you look at Norway’s generating capacity it would be around 98% renewable, but if you look at the country’s consumption, that falls to 24% because most of the clean energy Guarantees of Origin have been sold to neighbouring countries.

    Iceland – Built as it is on a volcano, Iceland has tapped the earth’s natural warmth to supply 85% of the country’s housing with heat. Between geothermal and hydropower, the electricity supply is 100% renewable energy. Iceland has so much geothermal capacity that their ambassador to Britain is in discussions about whether or not they could build an interconnector into the UK grid.

    Small nations like Albania(exports electricity) and Lesotho use 100% Hydropower.

    (SOURCE: https://makewealthhistory.org/2012/07/09/countries-with-100-renewable-energy/)

    Why keep bashing Coal or Hydro when the renewable sources have yet to realize their potential and much touted abilities except in small nations and small areas of the world? Look how Oil prices dropped. Why would someone pay 10 tims more to develop technologies if there is no incentive to change ?Sir, this is why no matter how much we yell and scream that the Automobile that runs on the Internal Combustion(IC) engine is still the King. There is no true substitute, nor is there even an imperfect substitute to the IC.

    Perhaps it is time to share and link the power grids in India and Sri Lanka?

    300 million Indians are said to live without electricity. Simple small scale Solar panels on roof tops or at a village level can help them run some electricity. Most certainly that is viable but who will subsidize the cost of the Solar Panels? But that is still a rural electrification approach and will not help sustain industrial growth will it?

    I am just asking questions here and not touting anything. Nuclear? clean as hell or no because of Chernobyl and Fukushima? Germany is now taking off their Nuclear Reactors out of fear but France still continues. In the meantime, there is no substitute for IC. Battery cars will pose another more serious set of problems: disposal of those batteries and very few nations control the tight supply and market of the High Value mineral resources including Lithium: China being one of them. Afghanistan is now estimated to have over a TRILLION dollars worth of rare earth High value minerals too. So Sri Lanka again is shit out of luck. It does not have oil. It now has Natural gas(according to reports by Cairns) but the prices are too low for anyone to pay for drilling it out of the ocean beds. Natural gas is a really good clean option. But who will pay to drill it when it so cheap in the open market?

    Respectfully,
    Mano Ratwatte

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      Mano R asks “Land is scarce in Sri lanka, where would you put the solar panels
      The author has answered it.
      Put it on the roofs of all the buildings, starting from the house of Parliament and
      temple trees, airports, universities etc.

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        Edward,

        And then expect monkeys to protect, manage and maintain the structures at zero cost!

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      Mano Ratwatte,

      What the fuck was that? Are you really serious or have you gone crazy? This is really really the American type marketing of a product using internet and audio or cartoon animations. You may be right but please just tell us the exact scientific methodology, mechanism or details about the new breakthrough in solar power harnessing. Please give a scientific narration without the happy emotional content.

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        dear Mano Ratwatte,

        ” Mano Ratwatte,

        [Edited out] Are you really serious or have you gone crazy? This is really really the American type marketing of a product using internet and audio or cartoon animations. You may be right but please just tell us the exact scientific methodology, mechanism or details about the new breakthrough in solar power harnessing. Please give a scientific narration without the happy emotional content. “

        Sorry, I intended my above comment for Jaliya and not you. I apologize to you.

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      Mano Ratwatte

      Just this past weekend Germany achieved 85% of its generation through renewable energy. The article is here http://qz.com/680661/germany-had-so-much-renewable-energy-on-sunday-that-it-had-to-pay-people-to-use-electricity/

      Imagine what they can do with a few more such plants?

      That throws your entire argument of a lack of capacity out of the window.

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        GT,
        Yes, Germany had 85% renewable enery for a few hours in a year, according to the graph. You should not be selective in your reporting. Here is a quote from the same page which tells the full story:
        “Though gas power plants were taken offline, nuclear and coal plants can’t be quickly shut down, so they went on running and had to pay to sell power into the grid for several hours, while industrial customers such as refineries and foundries earned money by consuming electricity.”
        This means that conventional plants of the SAME capacity as the renewables MUST be available to cover the inherent unreliability of wind and solar.So you pay for two sets of power plants in the end!

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          I think you’re missing the point. You’re using the same sort of logic used by those who said 10 years ago that solar cells will never be viable, despite the fact that the cost of such cells have reduced by 70% in 5 years to mere peanuts. Over 70tW of solar power was added to the middle east in 2014 alone. That is the entire nuclear power generation capacity of the US. The figures are easily obtained if you look online.

          If it was achieved for a few hours, the next step will be a few days, then weeks, and eventually normal swing of things. Nobody is saying it will happen overnight or even in the next two years, but certainly in the next decade. Obviously these sources will not provide power 24 hours a day until storage issues are sorted out. That’s when other renewable sources such as hydro and biomass can take over. Even 10 hours of reduction per plant per day is a big saving over the course of a year. Of course, dogmatic and outdated chaps like yourself and AKD will never admit that science has left you behind.

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    Man..Man.. Old Codger, it’s hard to comprehend what kind of human beings all of you are? Nothing good is going to sink into your’s thick skulls. Even, all of you wouldn’t deserve to live in Africa for it’s a better place one to live. All of you should live in the caves in the thick jungles.

    Man.. it’s owning to people like you this country and it’s poor souls are in this sorry pathetic plight.

    It’s not worth spending time to replying to you but I’m doing it to put some sense to all of them like you else all would suffer. Man… even with cheap and unlimited oil, Saudis want to go solar for it would make their life better. Due to global warming, now everywhere it’s hot and warm, no amount of keeping windows and doors open and natural ventilation would cool buildings. Energy is not only required for fans and a/c but for every thing for lightening homes, work places and hospitals, transport, farming, etc. These are not luxuries but plain basic needs of human kind.

    Man… if no sooner better means of energy is found, life of the people in that country would go to worst and not better at all.

    Do you know more than 2/3rd of the nation’s foreign exchange and the income is spent on import of fuel – that’s energy, and hardly left any money for better things like food, health, education, good road and all other facilities required for people’s good life.

    Man .. for Solar you spend one time to set it up with little spend for regular maintenance, that’s it, and there after the fuel is free for fever. Think about it, the savings of foreign and money which could be put to better use. When more foreign exchange stays back in the country, the currency rate become stable, that would make the cost of living flat and put more money into the people’s pockets, and they could use it for good living.

    Man …. At the present Solar energy is cheaper than everything else. We could put up solar cells on top of all the buildings. Also present day Solar technology works 24/7, rain or shine, even in the night. Solar ernergy, it could be used for lightening, cooking, charging the vehicles’ batteries etc. All others are dirty and poisonous and make people sick but Solar clean and good.

    Hope, that make some sense to you.

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    Here is an excerpt(verbatim) from another article on Norway
    EXCERPT
    Oslo, Norway — Norway has awarded concessions to build eight new onshore wind farms for about 20 billion kroner ($3.3 billion) in a bid to triple the country’s capacity to more than 2 gigawatts by 2020.
    Concessions given SAE Vind DA, Sarepta Energi AS and Zephyr AS would add 1.3 gigawatts of wind power, which could produce 3.7 terawatt-hours, enough to supply 185,000 households for a year, the Petroleum and Energy Ministry said in a statement today. The concessions in the Trondheim area also include a power line to be built by Statnett SF, which operates the Norwegian electricity grid.
    “This is a historic day for Norway’s wind-power production,” Petroleum and Energy Minister Ola Borten Moe said in the statement. The new capacity will “represent a significant part of Norway’s renewables commitment.”
    Norway aims to have 67.5 percent of its energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020, and has established a common green certificate scheme with Sweden under which the two Nordic countries plan to build additional renewable energy capacity of 26.4 TWh by the end of the decade. To be eligible for certificates, the new wind farms will need to be ready by 2020, ministry spokeswoman Lise Rist said in an e-mail.

    Norway had a wind-power capacity of 704 megawatts and a production of 1.57 gigawatt-hours in 2012, according to the Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate. Wind power represented 1.1 percent of the country’s power production, which consists almost exclusively of hydropower.

    (SOURCE : http://www.renewableenergyworld.com/news/2013/08/norway-approves-3-billion-for-wind-power-plants-to-triple-capacity.html)

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    Hey Old Codger, look at what’s below. Man..Solar energy is life saving, got it!

    Life-Saving Solar Water!

    If you follow the news, you know a severe water shortage is currently plaguing California. What you may not know is that 750 million people around the world lack access to clean water.In fact, 840,000 people die each year from a lack of clean water. Fortunately, incredible technological developments are now turning the sun into our greatest ally against deadly droughts. In fact, solar power is now being used to turn salty, undrinkable ocean water into fresh, drinkable water that saves millions of lives. As the global population grows, and fresh drinking water becomes harder to come by, this new trend is going to be huge, creating fortunes along the way. Billions are being invested, everywhere from the United States to Australia to the Middle East. Make no mistake: The money to make from life-saving solar water is exceptional.

    Here, in California 40% household gone Solar, and same almost over the country. Most of them get checks – money – instead of bills from the power companies for their excess power.

    Here, all are in this band wagon, all kinds of financiers, banks, vendors, contractors etc. All are in a mighty hurry to make millions in this mad gold rush. In this, one Indian venture capitalist became a billionaire. His company pioneered a novel concept to finance solar. It works like this. You sign up with his company and they install solar in your household at their cost, total power is free for you, but they get their money from the power company for the excess power supplied to them. Now, so many are doing same and earning big money.

    Ha..Old Codger, ha..nice and good man. See Solar is doing wonders for the man kind.

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      Jaliya,
      I was not replying to your post, only expressing my opinion. However, I must congratulate you on your excellent imagination. You apparently don’t even need to give links to dodgy websites to prove your contentions, such as Iceland supplying the UK grid and California having 40% solar power.
      Oh, BTW, I am (or was) a multi-disciplinary engineer , not a cut-and paste expert. I live in Sri Lanka. It is easy for you to pontificate (or cut-and -pate) from California.
      Do tell us what you have been smoking, please.

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      Jaliya,
      You might care to look at this:
      “n November 2014, Associated Press reported that the plant was producing only “about half of its expected annual output”. The California Energy Commission issued a statement blaming this on “clouds, jet contrails and weather”.[13] Performance improved considerably in 2015 — to about 650 GW·h, but ownership partner NRG Energy said in its November quarterly report that Ivanpah would likely not meet its contractual obligations to provide power to PG&E during the year, raising the risk of default on its Power Purchase Agreement”

      This is about the world’s largest solar power plant in the Mojave desert. It uses mirrors to concentrate energy, not inefficient solar panels. Ever heard of them, Jaliya?
      These are the PRACTICAL aspects that Prof.David talks about. No amount of sunshine stories will make that go away. Pleeease leave engineering to the engineers. Go away and offer your advice to a heart specialist.

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    Jaliya,

    Can this solar energy be used to fire my dick as since of late it does not raise its head as it used to be?

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      Hi sonny, just hold it to the SUN and then connect it to
      a high-voltage line.

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        Silva’s Uncle,

        I usually connect it to “the high-voltage socket” but in the dark of the dusk.

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    A coalpower plant is most needed for Tamils.

    Most of the Tamil around the plant die because of Silicosis (cancer) because of Coal particles.

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