4 December, 2020

Blog

President Undermined Through Jaffna’s Purchased Professorships

By Sabapathy Krishnakumar

Dr. Sabapathy Krishnakumar

Dr. Sabapathy Krishnakumar

I am very happy that President Maithripala Sirisena and other members of the government have been repeatedly calling on expatriates to return and contribute:

  • My Government will establish a special bureau under my directive to coordinate the expatriate Sri Lankans who wish to return to the motherland and we will offer a red carpet welcome to them. I would like to remind them that now it is time for us to work in unity for the betterment of the country, casting side political differences – President M. Sirisena, Policy Statement from Parliament, 1 Sept. 2015.
  • President Maithripala Sirisena from Thailand has called on Sri Lankan expatriates to return home and render their services as democracy has been restored. (TNLRN News Radio, 2 Nov. 2015)
  • Sri Lanka’s Foreign Minister Mangala Samaraweera on Thursday invited Sri Lankan diaspora to return to the island as dual citizens. (Lanka Business Online, June 12, 2015)
  • The PM also joined the chorus at the dual citizenship ceremony on 17 Nov.
Predatory Journals: Fast Track to Professor (A paper in 3 days)

Predatory Journals: Fast Track to Professor (A paper in 3 days)

However, laudable policy remains empty words as the government’ own officials undermine policy. We badly need the services of expatriates. With the education budgets promised a huge increase, we will have only new buildings and landscaped staff without teachers to teach as remarked by Rajan Hoole in his article on the scandalous state of our universities (Colombo Telegraph, 29 Oct. 2015). That well-intended money will be money down the drain unless the UGC wakes up and the President notes how he is being undermined.

The North-East more than any other needs rebuilding and for that we need expatriates to return. But till recently, many ordinary persons were ensconced in powerful administrative positions for which they did not qualify. We now badly need bright outsiders to come in.

What I write, I write as person who was once Dean of Applied Science at the University of Jaffna. At that time, I saw no future and preferred to move to the South after seeing tussles over a period of 2-3 years when supporters of the then government were recommended as computer applications assistants but they could not pass the qualifying test insisted on by the staff. The VC was keen to appoint them, we were not. This was reported on, in The Sunday Island by Dasun Edirisinghe (31 July. 2014).

The Jaffna University Science Teachers’ Association produced a well documented report on the illegal appointments (also Island, 31 July, 2014). The then UGC Chairman promised to inquire if it were reported to her but when that was done, she did nothing. The new UGC Chairman repeatedly denied having been given the report and when repeatedly sent the report has JUSTA states did nothing.

Today, I see opportunity to rebuild the North-East, however, despite the change of government on January 8, the old patronage system continues in Jaffna because academic officialdom will ensure that brighter people do not come into the system. To demonstrate this, I am writing this based on my personal knowledge and information vouched for by my friends and former colleagues still on the Council in Jaffna but too scared to speak up. Outsiders are just not welcome and the President’s noble ideals are being undermined as the following examples show:

  1. Dr. Murugar Gunasingam from Australia applied for the chair in history as did an internal historian. Only the latter’s application was processed and presented to the Council on 31 October, 2015 for approval by the VC. Things exploded when a Council member who had been informed by Gunasingam asked if there had been other applicants. The VC claimed that it had been done based on a circular and she has now been asked to produce it.
  2. Dr. Nagulan Ratnarajah of the National University of Singapore applied for a CS/IT position and was not called for the interview by the administration. Last June a member of the new apolitical council appointed by the new government caught this and stopped the process. Now the Council has decreed that all applicants must be listed for the council. But we see this being honored in the breach as in Dr. Gunasingam’s case.
  3. Professor S.R.H. Hoole, my doctoral supervisor, has been knocking on our doors for years. The VC and her Selection Committee after 3 years of processing (which is illegal unless a new advertisement is done after 18 months inviting new applicants and allowing updating of the old application) found him short of points in teaching, in research and in national contributions. The USAB had ordered his appointment in Computer Science but the VC is still arguing that settled case. Even then, how was he short in national contributions after all that he did here? Indeed I am aware that he has more indexed journal papers in computer science than any other academic in Sri Lanka. (This was reported among the JUSTA cases and explicitly in the Colombo Telegraph on 6 March, 2014). He then applied last June for a Senior Lecturer position in Engineering since in another 3 years he would be well past his retirement age if he applied for professor. To this date he has not heard. It is 3 months since he returned to Sri Lanka on the government’s invitation, and, despite being the only person with a D.Sc. London degree in Sri Lanka, remains unemployed(except for the part-time appointment this week to the independent Elections Commission which recognizes his pioneering work for good governance, but still leaves him without full-time work, facing criminal charges).

Outsiders will stand no chance in this system. A grossly illegal tactic is to deny points saying proof was not given. The Method of Application in UGC circular 916 merely asks for a statement on various activities, and asks only for books and papers in three copies for evaluation. The Selection Committee interview is to check certificates. But what Jaffna does is to mark as zero all service items and then say there aren’t enough points so there will be no interview. Aspects of this problem apply at our other universities too. I am aware that when Dr. Dushyanthi Hoole applied for professor, the then Head of Chemistry/Jaffna vouched that she had supervised a Jaffna University student. The points were awarded and then taken off later by the VC for lack of proof. Marks by subject experts are so altered unlawfully by the VC and her obliging Selection Committees, and the Council is shown only the candidates’ claims but never the marks awarded. On what grounds?

VC/Jaffna with the President (13 Nov. 2015)

VC/Jaffna with the President (13 Nov. 2015)

Three promotions to professor were approved by Selection Committees and presented to the Council by the VC for approval on 31 Oct. 2015. All three had papers in what are called “Predatory Journals.” These are defined in the formal literature as ““corrupt and exist only to make money off the author processing charges that are billed to authors upon acceptance of their scientific manuscripts.” One candidate had bought his papers jointly authored with his Dean who served on his selection committee. All three promotions were approved and await only approval of minutes at the next meeting.

The President’s ideals are reduced by theses officials to mere speeches when external candidates are not processed and internal candidates receive favorable illegal evaluations that are blind to purchased credentials. Such purchases make good sense when professorial salaries approach Rs. 2 lakhs a month. Paying to have a paper printed costs only about Rs.50,000 and can be done in 3 days. Ten such papers will get one 50 points, almost half-way to professor. The other half will come from routine activities. And then, one gets almost Rs. 2 lakhs each month as professor!. FUTA must take an interest in this to defend the well-deserved high salaries of genuine professor.

*Sabapathy Krishnakumar, Ph.D. -Open University of Sri Lanka

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Latest comments

  • 2
    6

    Oh, all the unemployed professors have applied for jobs in Sri lanka because then they can play the tribal card in Sri lanka.

    they are little pooches overseas, in Sri lanka they want homeland, human rights and tribal rights and every thing.

    • 5
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      Jim softy

      “Oh, all the unemployed professors have applied for jobs in Sri lanka because then they can play the tribal card in Sri lanka.”

      What can one do when professors of certain tribes are taken in for questioning one after another by the police on various wheeling and dealing that do not board well with law of the land?

      National treasures such as paintings which never belonged to academic were being sold to art collectors by deception because he needed the money.

      Another case study:

      The Criminal Investigations Department has arrested a Sri Lankan Professor, attached to a University in Sweden, over alleged sexual abuse of young Lankan women and blackmail.

      Another professor is being investigated for alleged corruption charges.

      • 1
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        Tamil professors and Catholic priests talk about Tamil culture but they behave as europeans, [Edited out]

  • 4
    1

    Greetings Dr Sabapathy Krishnakumar and fellow readers

    I think we need to create employment by private initiative and by government initiative.

    In order the industries and organizations to function we need qualified employees. To maintain the infrastructure we need to have qualified staff. By educating students in applied science and fundermental and theory based education we will not be able to utilize the resources locally but the resources will be exported to industrialized countries doing experiments and development.

    Applied science and technology is very important to develope Northern Region and Eastern region.
    Simple areas like Solar, Wind energy applications, construction technology, water and sanitation, IT, telecommunication, industrialization science, project management accountancy and law faculty is essential.

    I wrote a letter to engineering faculty related cooperation in the field of Solar and copy to dean. I have not received any reply. I was mentioning I would spend 3 months in Sri Lanka and could contribute my knowledge free to our people but know reply. So I wonder what kind of knowledge transfer we can expect in a civilized nature of service.

    It looks like our president needs to get involved in all local affairs, our qualified academics are not capable of creating sustainable local society.

    Hope what I am writings is read by the relevant university and administrative authorities.

    Looking forward to hear the thoughts…

    • 2
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      Yoga, I guess you weren’t informed about an active solar research group at Science faculty and not at engineering faculty at University of Jaffna. Check out this link that I found from a simple web search: http://www.jfn.ac.lk/sci/phy/research.php
      You can see that solar research group is already collaborating with some western research teams. I believe that Jaffna team would love to get your service as well. Contact the PI directly.

  • 3
    1

    It appears that from all publications here in CT, the VC of Jaffna University is the root of the problem of all ills of the university.
    She appears to be a “law unto herself”.
    She also appears immune to all accusations against her and has survived to date in the post of VC.

    She appears to have some “secret clout” to survive – either political or personal.
    Earlier reports said that most members of the Council were those ‘approved’ by Douglas Devananda.
    Is this the case even now, after the elections?
    If so, how?

    • 3
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      I’m a guy who has lived entirely in the South, with only two brief visits to the North of the country. However, one can read and understand! I also have friends in Jaffna whom I can trust – absolutely.

      So, yes, it is clear that immediate reconstitution of the Jaffna University Council, and the removal of the VC, are necessary. However, now it’s not Jaffna only that’s a-fire. Just consider how outrageous this appointment of Kumarasinghe Sirisena was, and what the doings of this Presidential sibling amounts to.

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/expose-president-sirisena-resorts-to-half-truths-to-conceal-his-brothers-greed/comment-page-1/#comments

      Those comments are mostly from people who supported Maithri to the hilt; taken with the net approval results they ought to serve as grim warnings to the new regime. Bloody revolution could follow: I mean that! Having found that the top leaders of the two Sinhalese Political Groupings (forget “Political Parties!) shield each other, it could be bloodshed next, with other options seemingly exhausted.

      The public hasn’t really digested all this Sirisena corruption yet. For long, I refused to believe it. Let us see if the President can once more pull a rabbit of his hat; he has done it before, but I see this proof as incontrovertible.

      When the President acts like this, it spreads everywhere; see this story:

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/sirisena-appoints-disgraced-srilankan-airlines-racketeer-to-the-mobitel-board/comment-page-1/#comment-1911141

      But the revolt may already be underway, although in a civilised way:

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/basl-slams-local-judiciary-calls-for-international-assistance/

      Please, the powers that be, heed the warnings: ignore them – and we will have uncontrollable violence and bloodshed. Consider the results of the so-called “Arab Spring”. Everyone loses when faith in democratic institutions, and ways of achieving desirable ends, are shown to be delusional.

      • 3
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        From all what I have read in the last few years, Jaffna University is utterly degenerate and beyond redemption. No respectable VC will ever continue even for a single day after an accusation is leveled. The very appointment appears dubious.

        In 1958, Hon. P Kandiah MP, made a scathing attack on Peradeniya University provoking the appointment of the Needham Commission.

        Now what is needed is an immediate inquiry into the VC’s Corruption.

    • 0
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      justice,

      “Is this the case even now, after the elections?”

      What I have heard is that there is a new council that supports the VC. The new council is controlled by the TNA. Apparently most of the resistance against the VC doesn’t exist anymore.

      Dr Rajan Hoole has retired and I don’t know who if anybody will replace him as a critical academic.

      Tt looks like the VC will be there for many years more.

  • 1
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    First tell the government to unconditionly release all the political prisoners then we can trust this new mask man

  • 5
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    Dr. Krishnakumar,

    Thanks for bringing the dirty linen out of the closet for a good airing. JUSTA too is fighting a very valiant battle. Does the so-called university in Jaffna deserve an academic of the calibre of Prof. Ratnajeevan Hoole?

    During my so-journ, work and travels through North America, especially in contacts with the university system, I learned
    ‘ Excellence breeds excellence, average breeds averarages and mediocrity breeds mediocrity’. I have also learned in Sri Lanka that ‘ Corruption breeds corruption in geometric proportions’. The University of Jaffna appears to be breeding both mediocrity and corruption! A feather indeed in the proud and unbending Jaffna man’s cap!

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

  • 1
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    [Edited out]

  • 2
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    “All three promotions were approved and await only approval of minutes at the next meeting.”

    I love this — explains why things are SO slow in SL. Not only a committee should meet and make decisions, but their decisions are effective only after approval of minutes in the next meeting. Wow!

  • 6
    1

    A few years ago – I forget exactly when – I visited the Department of English, University of Jaffna and met with staff there. I also spoke with the Vice Chancellor and offered him my services free of charge for one year. In addition, I said I would pay my passage and meet all my expenses. It would have been a pleasure and a privilege to me. All I wanted was modest accomodation.

    My offer was warmly taken up but, thereafter, nothing happened.

    Now age (80) and health don’t permit me to repeat the offer.

    Sarvan

    • 9
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      Charles Ponnuthurai Sarvan

      The reason for not making use of your services is that Jaffna man always think that who better than himself to teach the students.

      However much you try you cannot and will not convince them that you have something extra to give them. Because they believe they are the best in the entire world only next to the Jews.

      They fiercely guard their little fiefdom for they do not want others to trespass where they have a guaranteed comfort zone which they created by not enhancing knowledge, skills and hard work. They fear you might also bring bit of professionalism into Uni which cannot be tolerated for they believe they know everything. They are the best in the business of providing knowledge to the future generation.

      I am told Economic lecturers have not up dated their lecture notes which their lecturers provided them with when they first entered uni as students, it could have been 40 years ago.

      After one year you would have suffered stress, lost confidence in you, heart broken, …. left with bitter memory.

      They have their own way of dealing with professionals, their petty internal politics would have consumed your energy, made you to feel worthless, etc.

      I am told that they have administrative rules to prevent foreign educated graduates entering university teaching profession which help them avoid teaching and learning new knowledge. Comfort zones indeed.

      You must consider yourself lucky that you were not invited to teach there.

      I also heard that there is a thought among Jaffna graduates that they are the product of a world class university.

    • 6
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      Dear Prof.Sarwan,

      They will feel inadequate and insecure if you are in their midst! The Tamil proverb ‘ Arlai illaa oorukku illupaipoo sakkararai ( in a town without a sugar mill, the bitter Illuppai flower becomes the sweetener)’. It is a inferiority complex that is difficult to cure and creates a dog in the manger attitude. I am sad for the Tamils of Jaffna and for Sri Lanka.

      Dr.RN

    • 2
      1

      Prof. Sarvan,

      That you offered your services is in itself admirable. Don’t worry that the people there didn’t follow up. There are many self-serving people there. Only a new university administration and changes at the UGC will improve things at Jaffna Univ.
      At 80, you don’t need to worry about helping the university and students anymore. It is a time to focus on your own health.

    • 2
      1

      Charles P. Sarvan,

      “My offer was warmly taken up but, thereafter, nothing happened.”

      Unfortunately you are not the only one to have had similar problems in Jaffna. I know many cases where the public sector, local NGOs, churches etc don’t accept offers of help. All too often they don’t even bother to reply to written offers. In some cases persons have managed to arrive only to discover unacceptable living conditions and not given anything to do.

      Please note that the NPC and different groups of the civil society welcome investments (=money) but rarely ask for knowledge or people. From this we can deduct that the only thing needed is money. People in Jaffna apparently have all the necessary skills but not enough money.

      Money is what we receive.

      The diaspora is funding their relatives, temples and churches and very rarely anything else.

      The government is funding the NPC and the rest of the public sector.

  • 5
    0

    If the Jaffna VC alters unlawfully,the marks awarded by subject experts,very soon even the degrees awarded by the Jaffna University will be questionable!
    The VC apparently is being kept there to undermine the set-up.How else can you explain such high-handed behaviour?
    Damn shame.

  • 3
    0

    “FUTA must take an interest in this to defend the well-deserved high salaries of genuine professor”

    The real situation is as follows

    FUTA take interest to defend the corrupted high salaries drawing professor, since all these promotion and appointment schemes are influenced by FUTA, instead usual norms such as in other universities in abroad, i.e., FUTA is also one of the cause for deteriorating academic standard in this country. They always advocate to downgrade the requirements for promotions, especially in promotions for professors and senior lecturers, owing to their members…..

    Promotion scheme defined by Mr Hoole (a fair scheme in terms of all norms) was downgraded by the UGC due the pressure of the FUTA. Still FUTA is trying to downgrade the present promotion scheme for senior lecturers.

    Patta.

  • 1
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    [Edited out]

  • 3
    1

    Greetings Local1

    Jaffna has shortage of Electrical production and the production is by heavy diesel production of around 280MW surplace electricity is transmitter from sentral grid.

    The Solution for this problem is to create Solar farm production in a socity based May be about 10MW plants. To do this we need knowlidge base to design and maintain. The projects and the activity done in Jaffna is not based on practical Science in the link you gave.
    http://www.jfn.ac.lk/sci/phy/research.php

    I also know some of the projects done example Dr. L.Jeyanathan. He is today a teacher in Canada. So my sumarised conclusion is that there is a vacum in Jaffna to conduct installation with local resources.

    Hope our education system Can meet the gap or we need to depend on Colombo knowlidge base.

    • 0
      1

      Yoga, Good to hear from you.
      I thought you are working on the R&D of solar projects. I’m not working in that field but I’ve been following it. As you know in the university settings, thousands of groups are working to improve the performance of solar cells with cheaper materials. R&D of this filed is still in inception level. But if your interest is working on solar farms development in Jaffna then you have contacted the wrong persons at U of Jaffna. Solar farms developments are mega projects and those project planning and developments won’t be directly involved with local universities and not sure why you expected a reply from engineering dean at U of Jaffna. But if you have connection to get chapter solar panels then you can team up with some similar minds and locally install it on a pilot project on selected roof top of houses and test how it can be effective to expand to large scales.

  • 4
    1

    Native.
    NATIVE.
    I could not have said it better.

    Interestingly,the Jaffna Tamil has not produced a single Prof:in English though they have produced so many in other disciplines.To my knowledge Dr.Thiru.Kandiah of Peradeniya became very close to being Prof:before he too left the country!

    Prof:Sarvan would have been an adornment to the University in Jaffna.

    There was a time when the Editor of the Ceylon Daily News was a Jaffna Tamil-Advocate A.V.kulasingham-in the late 1940s.

    The famous play of yesteryear-He comes from Jaffna says it all!

    • 1
      1

      Plato,

      The late Chelva Kanaganayagam at University of Toronto, Suresh Canagarajah, an endowed professor at Penn State who earlier taught at Univ of Jaffna ( He and his siblings, all PhD’s in other fields, have been my friends), Prof Robert Perinpanayagam ( now probably emeritus) of Hunter College, NY, are some English professors ( though they taught other subjects as well).

      I believe Rajani Thiranagama’s sister, Sumathy Sivamohan, is still attached to the English Dept. at Peradeniya, and if not already, she is on her way to become a professor.

    • 1
      1

      Thiru Kandiah retired at age 60 from the National University of Singapore and returned to Peradeniya as Professor to work till the retirement age here of 65.

      Suresh Canagarajah who taught at Jaffna went to the US and presently holds a named chair at Pennsylvania State University — Edwin Erle Sparks Professor of Applied Linguistics, English, and Asian Studies.

      I am sure there are others too, but perhaps the most distinguished was Professor Chelva Kanaganayakam, previously of University of Jaffna, who held the rare distinction of being the professor of English in a reputed university, University of Toronto, of a native English-speaking country, Canada. He passed away on the very evening he was been awarded the highest literary recognition of that country, Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.

  • 1
    0

    The Jaffna University should be rid of the idiots and sycophants at the top, and the earlier the better. Let us hope that the Jaffna society will wake up soon to effect this.
    Sengodan. M

    • 1
      1

      Token removal is not the way. Root and branch destruction of the rot at the top is the answer. Those found guilty of dishonesty and corrupt practices should suffer prison terms more than proportionate to the gravity of their offence.

  • 3
    1

    Greetings Local1

    The concept of R&D component in University accadamics is essential, but engineering means finding Solutions to problems in practical level. Most of the developing countries have changed education system to resolve local needs.

    Even University of Colmbo, katopetha campas are changed to accomerdate problem solving in local level. Unless Jaffna University changes according to the requirements of local needs there will be no qualified engineers to cater to local needs, and will be dependent on Colombo to resolve basic Issues related to the field of sustainable development.

    Solar farm issues, I have contact with several local institutions in Colombo and companies, but worried about the resource development for Maintenance and planning sector n Jaffna.

    Placing basic Roof top solar with battery is not rocket science, most of the unskilled workers can install, this is not the way to go for good practice of green energy. We Must think of using national grid, calculation of power load and to engage with ceylon electricity board.

    The simplest example is the tamils living outside Sri Lanka( Udupiddy Welhavens Association ) have financed a garment Mill in Vallei in Vadamarachi where they Are struggling to run the Mill since there is no local qualified resources to develop the concept in to profitable Business. In the western world universities will be engaged to assist local community to find ways to develop the local socity. This engagment is missing. I am deeply saden that the greatest brain of Asia Abdul Kalam has been in Jaffna University but his Message has not reached the accadamians to put his inspirations in to action.

    • 0
      1

      Yoga, hope your comments will be well received by related officials.

      According to a recent article, help is on the way to get clean energy. So we have to wait until it’s available to developing countries. What science and engineering faculties from developing countries can do now is just to prepare graduates to work on these fields.

      But planning on Wind and Solar Power Projects are done by the central government. We cannot blame local universities for not initiating on it.

      100% Clean and Renewable Wind, Water, and Sunlight (WWS) All -Sector Energy Roadmaps for 139 Countries of the World

      http://web.stanford.edu/group/efmh/jacobson/Articles/I/CountriesWWS.pdf

  • 0
    1

    Agnos.

    Zonda.

    Thank you indeed for the update.I was actually referring to Professorships in the Local Universities.
    Anyway,I am glad,Dr.Thiru Kandiah ended his career as Prof:at Peradeniya.
    Damn shame; I lost contact with him.

    • 2
      1

      Plato, Agnos and Zonda

      Thanks for the info.

  • 2
    0

    As someone who has been observing Dr. Hoole’s movements – these are the finding, I would like to present:
    1. this article by Dr. KS was actually written by Dr. Hoole
    2. Dr. Hoole is using Dr. KS as a tool to get his ideals (or interests) achieved.
    3. there is no hope for the University of Jaffna
    4. academia of the north is deteriorated beyond any possibilities of repair…

    • 0
      1

      Shooting the messenger!

      Examine the message, not the messenger. You must be part of the corrupt system

      • 1
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        [Edited out]

  • 2
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    Dr. Krishnakumar Sabapathy,

    Was this article written by you? Or, was it ghost written by SRH Hoole?

  • 2
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    Native Crook, Observer,
    Dr. Krishnakumar is a highly respected academic. In a system where almost everyone obeys and sucks up, he is fiercely independent. He has successfully written a doctoral thesis and defended it. He has ideas in his head, which I cannot say for most academics. He is a fighter. When Jaffna University said he could get only a years leave, which was insufficient for a doctorate, he fought back. The management committee of the UGC awarded him 3 years leave, which thereafter was enjoyed by everyone who came into the university from the regional colleges. The furious vice chancellor of Jaffna then gave him an excessive teaching load while he was on study leave. That VC complained to me that Krishnakumar was too interested in research. But Krishnakumar completed his PhD. He rose to be Dean. It is time to stop throwing stones at the few good and decent academics we have. Do not assume that there are no good academics left in Sri Lanka. Do not think only you can write.

  • 2
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    [Edited out]

  • 2
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    [Edited out]

  • 1
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    S.R.H.Hoole and others,

    “Do not assume that there are no good academics left in Sri Lanka. Do not think only you can write.”

    There are good academics in Sri Lanka. I have seen others listing successful academics who have left Jaffna and often even Sri Lanka.

    In my opinion there are two main problems:

    1) Jaffna University does not welcome new blood and talent from outside.

    2) Very few outsiders seriously consider working in Jaffna permanently or even temporarily. Some elderly academics might dream about returning but the second generation is unlikely to return.

    To my best knowledge Jaffna University has not been able to fill all vacancies for lecturers despite trying during several years to find formally qualified applicants. This means that in some cases the only formally qualified applicant has been selected.

    Jaffna University should try to do as good as it can with the limited human resources available. The same applies to the rest of the peninsula.

  • 2
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    Mr S.R.H.Hoole,

    In accordance with the English convention title is correct. It is? Ok, Mr Hoole thanks for your comment. I would like to raise only a single question on your comment.

    “But Krishnakumar completed his PhD. He rose to be Dean.”

    On the same point of view “Former Vice Chancellor Shanmugalingan and even Present Vice Chancellor Vasanthy Arasaratam rose to be Vice Chancellors”

    With the above argument they are we can conclude that they are “highly respected academic”.

    Do you agree with this conclusion?

    Patta.

  • 2
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    [Edited out] Please avoid typing all capitalized comments – CT

  • 1
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    [Edited out]

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