12 August, 2022


Repetition Of The Past?

By Jehan Perera –

Jehan Perera

The speech of TNA leader R Sampanthan at the annual sessions of the largest Tamil political party that took place in Batticaloa in the east has raised the red flag for many of those whose primary concern is the unity and sovereignty of the country.  This can be seen in the adverse media commentary and statements issued on the topic.  Ironically it was only a month ago that the TNA leader raised aloft the national flag of the country in Jaffna.  He did this together with the Leader of the Opposition, UNP leader Ranil Wickremesinghe at a joint May Day rally held in the northern capital.  On that occasion Tamil nationalist opinion was very critical of his action in raising the flag and saw it as a capitulation to Sinhalese ethnic majority domination at a time when little is being done to address the political roots of the ethnic conflict.

The national flag has long been one of the contested arenas of Sinhalese and Tamil nationalisms.  When the flag was designed more than six decades ago, the stylized lion at the centre of the flag was taken to be an affirmation of the central place of the Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka and was opposed by the minority representatives on the flag design committee. After considerable disputation on the issue the existence of the Tamil and Muslim communities was acknowledged in the flag by two vertical stripes at the corner of the flag.

At this May Day rally Mr Sampanthan also said that the TNA wanted provincial powers in Tamil speaking areas within a united Sri Lanka.   This has been a long standing demand of the TNA.  However, his raising of the lion flag was the subject of discussion and criticism among TNA supporters as to why that he did it. Even some TNA MPs expressed displeasure over the incident.  Responding to Tamil media reports that members of the Tamil community were angered by the gesture, he responded, that the raising of the flag was “a symbol of solidarity with the workers of Sri Lanka and a sign of solidarity and reconciliation between the Sinhalese and Tamil people in the country”.  The TNA leader also felt oblighed to defend his conduct at the May Day rally and denied that he had been pressurized y anyone to hold up the Sri Lankan national flag.

Feeding Fears

It is unfortunate that the government did not take suitable actions that would have built upon the positive action of the TNA leader in affirming his commitment to the country’s unity.   Government members did praise him for the gesture but used it to score political points when they also said that it was an indication that he has given up the TNA’s demand for a Tamil Eelam and was the first sign that he fell in line with the government’s stand.  At the same time the government appears to have found the joint May Day rally of the TNA with the UNP to be a political challenge.  Therefore they did their utmost to discredit the event pointing to the relatively small number of Jaffna participants at the event.

In addition a further counter-productive action of the government was to show some persons waving the Tiger flag of the LTTE at the rally.  As this scene was shown only on state television there was a reasonable suspicion that this was a product of government propagandists.  The fact that the government’s large security apparatus did not apprehend those who engaged in this illegal activity added credence to the suspicions that this Tiger flag waving was not genuine. This also makes it reasonable to infer that the government is continuing to use the threat of the revival of the LTTE for its political purposes.  The surest source of political support for the government continues to be the nationalist sentiment that puts the country unity and sovereignty above anything else.

So long as the threat of division of the country remains in the consciousness of the Sinhalese ethnic majority, the present leadership of the government can be assured of their overwhelming support on account of being the ones responsible for defeating the LTTE in the war.  In this context, the speech of TNA leader Sampanthan at the annual sessions of his party will feed into the fears of the ethnic majority electorate and further strengthen the government’s hold over this electorate.  In his speech he spoke of the Tamil people being entitled to the right of self-determination in a united Sri Lanka but in a political structure that is not unitary.  In addition he stated that if this right was continuously denied the TNA would claim the right to external self-determination.

Small Things 

The question is what led to the change in the approach of TNA leader Sampanthan who raised the Sri Lankan national flag in Jaffna along with the Opposition Leader but warned of his party’s option of supporting secession at his party sessions in Batticaloa.  It would appear that like his counterparts in the government, the TNA leader has to be concerned about keeping his electorate with him.  So far his moderate leadership of the TNA has not been able to deliver results to the Tamil people of the north and east.  As a result, Mr Sampanthan is being outflanked by more nationalist members of his party who are gaining ground within the TNA and may even seek to oust him.  A more nationalist and secessionist leadership of the TNA would make an accommodation with the government even harder to achieve.  A situation of worsening ethnic polarization might be beneficial to the hardliners in both the government and TNA, but this will not lead to problem solving that is in the interests of all.

There are some problems of great emotional and symbolic importance to the Tamil people that the government could speedily resolve and in doing so could also strengthen the position of moderate politicians like the present TNA leader. One set of issues has to do with missing persons and whether they are still in government custody and the detention of Tamils without trial on the grounds that they worked for or supported the LTTE.  Another set of problems stems from the large military presence in the north and east, and has to do with them intruding in on social events and giving preference to Sinhalese traders and fishermen when it comes to granting permits to trade or to fish.  These may be relatively minor in the larger scheme of things, but they occur in daily life and give people the sense that they are not being treated equally.

The few problems highlighted above do not require far reaching political reform to resolve.  The government is capable of addressing these problems on its own and giving solutions to the people even without the cooperation of the opposition political parties.  In any event, the leader of the UNP Ranil Wickremesinghe has repeatedly said he will support government efforts to resolve the ethnic conflict. As a first step resolving the day-to-day problems of the people speedily and dispelling the ill feelings that they generate would serve to create a conducive environment in which more structured reforms can be discussed.  This will enable Tamil leaders like Mr Sampanthan, who have never espoused political violence to never have to contemplate sacrificing more lives to the cause of secession.  Three years after the end of the war, the present opportunity to move forward without continuing to be bogged down in ethnic conflict needs to be taken.

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Latest comments

  • 0

    Is this something like labour unions, asking for 10% to get 1%?

    Demanding a seperate state to get regional powers, federalism or devolution of powers?

    Is there a chance for a sustainable peace solution in Sri Lanka?

    Sinhalization and Militarization could not be the solution for our ethnic issue

    • 0

      In order for history not to repeat (itself given the hard fact of Sinhala majoritarianism that dominates democracy in Lanka), the TNA who represents the minority must be STRATEGIC and work bottom up (serve the people who voted for them), rather than top down (run behind India and the international community) in order to ensure power sharing and equality for Tamils in Lanka. That is, TNA should follow an incremental approach like the Muslim politicians to get the basics in place. As a first principle, TNA should have prioritized Northern Provincial Council elections to best SERVE THE PEOPLE of the northeast who voted for them and ensured return of civilian governance and role back of the military on the ground as a first principle.
      Instead of doing this and working on substance rather than symbolics, the TNA has been swinging and swaying from one extreme to another holding the Sri Lanka flag one minute, and grand standing on Tamil nationalist rhetoric while running after India and the international community while the poor Tamils in the northeast suffer under Rajapakse’s jackboot. What a bunch of clowns the TNA have become!

  • 0

    Between the ignorant bullishness of the Rajapakse hardliners and the duplicitous tongues of the Sampanthans/Sumanthirans, Sri Lanka will not have a chance!History indeed repeats itself!

  • 0

    Jehan P needs to remember that TNA and it’s leader represents the Tamil voters and the Tamil people and by extension the Tamil diaspora as well as the 150,000 Tamil refugees in India.

    The Tamil expectations has not diminished because the LTTE lost the battle of Vanni, and the GOSL were able to kill 100,000 Tamil civilians while the whole world supported the killings without even knowing that such massacres occurred.

    The question is who supplied the illegal land mines in millions and they still have a huge stockpile which Fonseka also is silent about, the chemical weapons, cluster bombs and phosphorous bombs?

    The Tamils definitely first want accountability, truth and justice. Thereafter they can discuss reconciliation if and when reconstruction and rehabilitation is completed, allowing the foreign aid to flow freely without the current impediments and obstruction for both public and private infrastructure and capacity building.

    TNA does not have to please the Singhala media, politicians voters or the NGO’s. What TNA is demanding is consistent for the past 50 years or atleast since 1977 -35 years ago. Why should anything change, just because the Singhala military boot and gun is in their throat in an inhuman, illegal and cruel manner.

    Both the IC and Singhalese better forget the word “Reconciliation” from their vocabulary, until such time the basic conditions as described above is met. The Hippocratic words are not fooling the Tamils, to say the least and we are years away from any kind of reconciliation. Absence of war or physical violence or resistance does not mean there is peace or it will lead to prosperity.

  • 0

    It is fun to see how “this war is not winnable” members like this peace mudalai Jehan and that 13 plus man Dayan J behaving to cover their rare ends after Sambandan made both of them cats who did it on a rock kind.

    At the rate they write anti-tiger pieces no wonder if they get UN jobs from GL Peiris, who was a CFA supporter and a package dealer for CBK.

  • 0

    @CW.. The war was indeed unwinnable based on the writers assumptions that GOSL, Rajapakses, and Fonseka will follow the Geneva conventions and not kill 100,000 Tamil civilians, injure 60,000, use chemical weapons, cluster bombs, phosphorous bombs and heavy artillery on the civilians.

    If Jehan is a Peace Mudalali, CW and many others were War Mudalali’s promoting the killing and thereafter the cover up.

    Dayan was already at the UN, and Tamara was given that job. Both jobs were given by the President and not GL, who I doubt can give even a job as a peon to anyone in the ministry.

    Sri Lanka still does not take the UNHRC or the IC seriously because of the cheer leaders among the media and the politicians. When they get into trouble as they are, then they blame the NGO’s, Tamil diaspora, LTTE rump (There is no such thing except the Tamils)and the Western countries who are jealous of Sri Lanka. What stupid arguments.

  • 0

    First and formost TNA should denied Myth of homeland.Until Tamils gives up so-called SJV linguistic separataism from TNA or ITAK is quite impossible have amiciable solution of Tamils issue in an island.
    We are not fedual state,our path of capitalism developement can accomodated Tamils into ongoing politicial-economy order as well.
    R.Sampathan has still on anti-sovereiginity and split of terrioary of Land is prority of his party agenda.His version on united is NO MEANING when you read whole text his speech says,is same old policy with word of UNITED.
    1 TNA should rejected myth of homeland
    2 No police or land power one community for island
    3 Reagional autonomy is differnt from HOMELAND demand.Its evloutinary process will take time to process step by step.
    4 TNA and Tamils Diaspora still not learn any lesson from LTTE terrorist form of struggle since 1972 in Sri lanak.
    You have to address ground reality of past separatasim and secessioonism of terrorsit acts.
    5 TNA and diaspora and West has to learn lesson from as last 40 of poltical struggle of SRI LANKA; cannot sacrifice RIGHT OT VOTE IS principle value our democratic , had been enjoy our nation since 1931.
    The right to vote people of the island, is basic HUMAN RIGHTS OF PEOPLE, irreaspacative of race cast and ethnicity, as well as classes.
    The separatism,terrorism and ethnicity of secessionism rejected and undermine our democatic RIGHTS & values vote rifgt since 1970 es.
    The created conflits by Sinhaleses and Tamil ethnic are NOT antagonist one.
    Indeed agenda of policicial parties are narrow gain for power politics and misled the major social forces.
    TNA has to change policy separarasim into pluarlism and secular politics of democarcy of Tamil community,is the vital interest of Natioal sovereiginity and terrorial interigrity of principle factor of INDEPANDENCE.This will an open path of capitalist developement in island.
    In TNA indeed must shows united and diversity democaracy of Sri lanka.Natioanl recocilization of lesson learn from past main trend towards democartic path of progress, is vital important not only Tamils as well as Sinhalese and Muslims and other communities of Island.

  • 0

    If the Singhala government denies Tamil devolution at least in the North and East region/Provinces with a strong Federal system similar to EU, UK, USA, Canada, and India, that would lead further turmoil in the future which will have bad ramifications and consequences to both communities. Therefore the whole country.

    This was the blunder made by the Senanayakes, Bandaranayakes and Jayawardenes from 1956.

    Denying rights of the minority for so long has it’s own price as seen in the last 33 years.

  • 0

    I am telling power of devolution is essential factor for Tamils community.We are have no history of revolitinotary changes in social and politics since 1948.Like Many Europenn countries.
    Asatic Mode of politics, econoimice and cultural order are different from rise of Europen path of capitalism.
    Franch revolution or American Indepaedence War against British Colonial regime give birth to Europen path capitalism.
    Indeed it has enlighten capitalism in Eurpoe and USA as well as world.
    Colonial and Semi-fedual countries in Asian had been famailer with heretical thoughts of nepotism, family bandaism and fevourtaism in mode of operandi of politics power clanes but Except China.(PRC)
    We need apporch devolution of power and seek solution on this backfround of history of Sri Lanka since 1948.
    The price we paid 435 years of colonial ruled our ISLAND is concern this NOT so long! I don’t think any right thinking Sinhalese perons rejectd or denied RIGHTS AND EQUALITY RIGHT OF TAMIL in the Island.
    All countries you mention above,Federal system of govermeant are differant nature of uneven of developement of political and economy system of capitalist democratcy.
    Needless to say past shorted sight policy created policial uncertanities in our land.

  • 0

    Once again we are heading back to square one to the 1977 era (repetition of the past). In the wake of Sri Lankan government not implementing the Political Devolution to SL Tamils, not only the foreign countries such as US, UK, etc are interfering in our internal affairs but once again there is a growing support for a separate Tamil state (Eelam) among Indian Politicians, especially in Tamil Nadu. The Anti-Sri Lankan (Sinhalese) and Anti-Indian (congress) speeches made by Seeman and other Tamil Nadu politicians are not only extremely racist and ultra-Tamil nationalist but very dangerous (a threat even to India) and it is gaining momentum day by day. Now, the call for a separate Tamil state in Sri Lanka by the Indians seems to be spreading once again to Sri Lanka. We know that the Tamil Diaspora never changed their stripes but the TNA which was ready to settle for a devolution such as the full implementation of the 13th amendment and a little beyond (13+) are now totally fed up with the Government’s inability to implement even what is already in the constitution. The speech of TNA leader Sampanthan shows that the Sri Lankan Tamils have lost their patience. Unlike the armed struggle (militancy-cum-terrorism) the repetition of non-violent campaigns with Direct Action will have full International support and sometimes direct interference.

    The only way to keep the foreign countries (International community) away and to shut the mouths of the Tamil Nadu politicians is to bring back the TNA to the table and implement the 13th amendment in full and show the world that the Government is committed in solving the ethnic issue. Further delay by the government in coming up with a Political Devolution may have adverse consequences.

  • 0

    Donald Gnanakone,

    [Edited out]

    Are you not the same man who gave a talk in LA to some white Americans stating that the tea produced by the Indian Tamils in Ceylon was the tea boxes thrown to sea at the Boston tea party?

    You fooled Americans but there was a 100 year difference between Boston incident and the first tea plant was grown in Ceylon!!

    Can you remember that incident in LA, California?

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  • 0

    W.A Sugathdasa!
    You have written a lot! But first of all the Root Cause of the problems of Lanka has been the Sinhala – ‘Theravada’ Buddhist nationalism based on false and imaginary doctrine: “Aryan” – Sinhala – Sinhalese – ‘Theravada’ Buddhism – Lanka with one – to-one correspondence.

    From 1850s, Sinhala ‘learned’ like James d’Alwis, Anagaraka Dhammapala and others and foreigners like Annie Besant and others started formulating Sinhala – ‘Theravada Buddhist nationalism based on false and imaginary doctrine: “Aryan” – Sinhala – Sinhalese – ‘Theravada’ Buddhism – Lanka with one – to-one correspondence. Please read “Buddhist Popular Lectures” – Annie Besant, 1908, Madras and other publications.

    The Paragraph – 28 of the UN Panel Report also confirms this. It states:

    “After independence, political elites tended to prioritize short-term political gains, appealing to communal and ethnic sentiments, over long-term policies, which could have built an inclusive state that adequately represented the multicultural nature of the citizenry. Because of these dynamics and divisions, the formation of a unifying national identity has been greatly hampered. Meanwhile, SINHALA-BUDDHIST NATIONALISM GAINED TRACTION, ASSERTING A PRIVILEGED PLACE FOR THE SINHALESE AS THE PROTECTORS OF SRI LANKA,AS THE SACRED HOME OF BUDDHISM. THESE FACTORS RESULTED IN DEVASTATING AND ENDURING CONSEQUENCES FOR THE NATURE OF THE STATE, GOVERNANCE AND INTER-ETHNIC RELATIONS IN SRI LANKA.”

    The UN Panel Report thus emphasizes that the ‘ROOT CAUSE’ of the problems of Lanka has been its SINHALA BUDDHIST NATIONALISM based on the SACRED DOCTRINE: SINHALA – SINHALESE – BUDDHISM – LANKA with ONE TO ONE CORRESPONDENCE.

    This was further confirmed by the LLRC appointed by the HE Rajapakse.
    The Paragraph 8.150 of the Commission says:

    “The Commission takes the view that the root cause of the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka lies in the failure of successive Governments to address the genuine grievances of the Tamil people. The country may not have been confronted with a violent separatist agenda, if the political consensus at the time of independence had been sustained and if policies had been implemented to build up and strengthen the confidence of the minorities around the system which had gained a reasonable measure of acceptance.”

    The LLRC on one hand has failed to analyze and find out correctly and state WHAT CAUSED THE GENUINE GRIEVANCES OF THE TAMILS!

    On the other hand, the LLRC Report INDIRECTLY justifies the VIOLENT SEPARASTIST AGENDA OF THE TAMILS!

    Under ‘The Different Phases in the Narrative of Tamil Grievances’ the Commission has highlighted in para.8.163 of its Report that:

    “The decisive rift in the inter-ethnic relationship came first with the riots of 1958, then in1977, and culminating in what is known as ‘Black July’ of 1983, and the heinous failure of the then Government to provide adequate protection to Tamil citizens. The problems pertaining to the Tamil Community and their grievances cannot be fully addressed without a fuller understanding of this culture of violence that marred the relationship between the Sinhala and Tamil communities.”


    Though the LLRC Report does not mention specifically WHAT CAUSED THE GENUINE GRIEVENCES OF THE TAMILS, i.e. the real ‘ROOT CAUSE’ of the problems of Lanka, it has come out with some recommendations that would eradicate to great extant the Sinhala – ‘Theravada’ Buddhist nationalism if implemented fully.

    For these reasons only, the Sinhala Ruling class and the GOSL has consistently refused to implement the recommendations made by the LLRC appointed by HE Rajapakase!

    While dragging the process of finding a durable political solution, the GOSL and its armed forces has been been engaged in the process of implementing some preliminary programs in the NORTH AND THE EAST that would assist the future implementation of the Sinhala – Theeravaada Buddhist nationalism!

    Unless the Sinhala nation rejects in words and deeds its Sinhala ‘Theravada’ Buddhist nationalism based on false and imaginary doctrine “Aryan” – Sinhala – Sinhalese – ‘Theravada’ Buddhism – Lanka with one – to-one correspondence, Tamil nationalism will continue to exist and no political solution would be possible!!

  • 0

    Jehan Perera!

    “The national flag has long been one of the contested arenas of Sinhalese and Tamil nationalisms. When the flag was designed more than six decades ago, the stylized lion at the centre of the flag was taken to be an affirmation of the central place of the Sinhalese people in Sri Lanka and was opposed by the minority representatives on the flag design committee.”

    Yes! The ignorant Sinhala ‘Theravada’ Buddhists and the Tamils have been fighting over ‘the lion emblem’ of the Kandyan flag without knowing what the lion holding a sword placed inside a rectangle with pinnacles at the corners symbolizes.

    The Sinhala ‘Theravada’ Buddhists and the Tamils think that the lion emblem symbolizes the Sinhalese race! IT IS WRONG!

    To understand correctly what the lion emblem symbolizes, one must have a thorough knowledge on the following:
    1) Symbolization;
    2) Symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism;
    3) the word – meaning relationship of the Tamil language.
    The problem with the Theravada Buddhism is that it rejects completely Puranas, literature, symbolization, symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism, iconography, statues, sculptures. paintings, music, dance, drama etc.
    Only Mahayana Buddhism accepts these!

    From ancient time, Lord Buddha had been symbolized by the Mahayana Buddhists with the animals lion, horse, elephant and bull and a pair of foot.

    Buddhism had been symbolized with the geometric figures that symbolize 1) the Four Noble Truths; 2)the Middle Path; 3) the Noble Eight fold Path; 4) the Five Nivaranas; 5) the Seven Links to Enlightenment; 6) the Ti-pidaka; 7) the Ten Precepts; 8) the Three steps: Sila, Samadhi and Panna; 9) the Triple Gem; 10) the 12 Nithanas etc.
    In some of the other preaching also we find the Triple-gem and others. Thus, different combinations should be used to symbolize Buddhism specifically.
    As examples: In Jainism also we find the Triple Gem. Thus, the geometric symbol that symbolizes ‘a group of three things’ could not be used alone to symbolize the Triple gem of Buddhism! Some additional symbols that symbolize what Buddhism emphasizes should be used in combination. Likewise, in Buddhism we find the Four Noble Truths. But in ‘Hinduism’ also we find ‘the Four Vedas’! Therefore, a geometric symbol that symbolizes ‘a group of four things’ cannot be used alone. Some additional symbols that symbolize what Buddhism emphasizes should be used in combination.

    In the Lion flag of the Kandyan kingdom, a rectangle with four pinnacles at the corners symbolizes ‘the Four Noble Truths.’ The Lion symbolizes Lord Buddha. As Buddha adhered to the Noble Eight fold path emphasized by the Four Noble Truths, lion is kept at the center of rectangle.

    To confirm further that the Lion symbolizes Lord Buddha, a sword is placed at the right fore paw of the lion.

    The sword does not symbolize what our present sinhalese ‘learned’ say!
    To understand what the sword symbolizes, one must know the Tamil language.
    Tamil word for a sword is “வாள்”(Vaal). Tolkaapiyam says: “வாள் ஒளியாகும்.” That is:LIGHT. Therefore, the lion holding a sword is an enlightened lion, Lord Buddha!

    From these it is clear that the Kandyan flag was designed by a Tamil Mahayana Buddhist!! In the flag that was supposed to be carried by Duttagamani while fighting Ellara also we find a lion emblem. In that flag, the lion holding a sword is placed at the Middle Path! The square symbolizes the Four Noble Truths. A line passing horizontally through the point at which the two triangles touches is the Middle Path.
    Thus, Duttagamani carried the flag of Lord Buddha and Buddhism and not the flag that symbolizes the Sinhala race!!
    So study scientifically the subjects Symbolization and Symbolization of Buddha and Buddhism and re-examine all the archaeological finds and literature of Lanka and come to a correct conclusion that the Tamils of Lanka were ‘Mahayana’ Buddhists in ancient time. This will make the Sinhala – Theravada Buddhist nationalism based on the doctrine: “Aryan” – Sinhala – Sinhalese – Theravada Buddhism – Lanka with one-to-one correspondence false and imaginary!!

    Do not you think rescuing the Sinhala Theravada Buddhists and the Tamils from their IGNORANCE would help to find a lasting political solution?

  • 0

    i enjoy your writing, of Mr A.Sitthawatthi,but there is vast gap between relization and philosophy of Buddism.You have mixed or concussion your mind with Sinhalese race and Theravada Buddhist theory of knowledge.Please do not concoct Buddhism and Sinhalese race of Nationalism.
    Sinhalese is RACE who had been Migiarted from originial form North part of India.Later mixed and accomodated other migirants into society without per-conditiond.Its shows secularism in guidance of Buddhism.
    Ours Human Rights was came into being from equality of Buddhist ABHIDHAMMA.. NOT THE MODERN CONCEPT OF DOUBLE STAND OF RIGHTS.
    Sinhalese have to committed for equlity for all races in this soil without discramantion.
    Buddhism is Phiolosophy as well as teaching of how attain Nibbna or Nirvana, END SANKHARA OF PATICHCHA SAMUPADA.The Western thinkers of People who belive GOD who create Univeres words experess of mind set,mind-stuff,mind-dust or events not similar or SUIT Pali word of SANAKHARA.
    One of most diffcult term in Buddhism of SANKHARA is peculiar EAST,that it is almost impossible gets the roots of its meaning in a translation.
    The Buddhist Theroy of Knowledge or formula of Paticccha Samupada has a Universal signifiance.In a scientific term is REBRITH to Karma.
    Paticca Samuppada or Dependent Origination and its relation Anatta,karama,Rebecoming and Nirvana which are some of originial concept introduced into India philosophy by the Buddha.
    As the Budda equated Chetana with Karma,Sankahara assum the status of a unit of mind-stuff or mind-set and Karma.Lord Buddha conceration on explaning the meaning of Four truths.Since 2600 years back our civilization had been laid foundation of Buddhsit teaching since Sinhales race came into being.
    That was philosophy guidence of our original concept ABHIDHAMARA COMMITTMENT OF SINHALES RACE ORIGIN and developemnt of civilization.That was backfround of our differnaces with Tamils of Hinduism of teaching.This differances are NOT racism but line of OUTLOOK OF APPROCHING social changes and socitey its culture.
    In bacislly Thevadaa School of thought of Buddhism in Sri lankna has 2600 history, Buddhist monk who play domanied role in history of Sri Lankan civilization.Ours also part of of World civilization,though we are small nation and race.
    That is why Sinhales RACE as whole cannot work on policy of hegemony or Imperial mentality of social being are concern.It wan’t permitted of thier outlook of Buddhist teaching go beyond so much expansionsm.
    Modern world there are visionlees politicans made some grave mistaks,but all thses are poverty of Buddhist theory of knowledge.

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