26 September, 2020

Blog

Turning 13A Into A Stuffed Animal

By Dayan Jayatilleka

Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka

A five-person committee has been named to draft the 20th amendment. It comprises Ministers Ali Sabry, Prof GL Peiris, Dinesh Gunawardena, Udaya Gammanpila, and Nimal Siripala de Silva. There isn’t a single Tamil, and therefore no Tamil perspective, though the Tamil Question has been at the heart of constitutional reform efforts for four decades (since late-1983) and Douglas Devananda would have been an obvious choice. Meanwhile the President added four senior members of the Buddhist clergy to the Task force on Eastern archeological heritage.

The 19th amendment and its precursor the 17th amendment were the result of social shift against an excessively powerful Presidency. More importantly they strove to rectify the partisan politicization of the institutions, including the public service, identified by the post-1980s insurrection Youth Commission Report as a cause of revolt. 

By eliminating rather than correcting the 19th amendment, the state is riskily re-installing two of the factors for revolt: an autocratic presidency and a re-politicized state apparatus.   

The 20th amendment with its intention to eliminate alleged instability in Parliament and the stranglehold of extremism as referred to in the Presidential Policy Statement, sets up a straw-man and proceeds to bayonet it. No Presidential system is rendered unstable by proportional representation in the legislature. The system of proportional representation does not inject diversity and pluralism into our society; it merely mirrors and accommodates it, containing it safely in the legislature. If, however the system is a Parliamentary democracy, then proportional representation can indeed generate a degree of instability. The directly elected executive Presidency guarantees stability even if the legislature, elected by proportional representation, is headed by another party—the French Fifth Republic, designed by General Charles de Gaulle precisely for stability, is the best example. 

Nation-building cannot proceed by changing the electoral system so as to corral the minorities into one of the two major political formations, by re-introducing a high cut-off point. 

The nostalgic glorification of the first-past-the-post system over proportional representation is nonsensical. The disastrously divisive and developmentally retrogressive Sinhala Only legislation, the abolition of the safeguards present in the Soulbury Constitution for the minorities and the retaliatory adoption of the destructive separatist platform of the Vadukkodai Resolution by the Tamil mainstream, all took place under the first-past-the-post system. Not a single piece of polarizing legislation was passed under the system of proportional representation. What then is the logic of removing or reducing that system and restoring to a position of preeminence, the more damaging first-past-the-post system?                

The problems of the preferential voting system can be fixed by cleaning up the election laws, including on campaign financing, and making the Election Commission still more independent.

If the goal is the reduction of the influence of minoritarianism, what then will limit majoritarianism? The proposed remedy may only achieve the miracle of driving the Tamil and Muslim parties together into a bloc of the Tamil-speaking people, creating a Minority Bloc, so as to vault the electoral barriers sought to be re-imposed. This will only enhance the island’s majority/minority polarization.

The most dangerous outcome of the restoration of a high cut-off point, is the failure to understand the logic of its reduction from 12% to 5% by President Premadasa. The cut-off point was reduced to incentivize the JVP to re-enter the democratic mainstream and to remain in it. While the present JVP leadership is doubtless domesticated, it is quite unlikely that the JVP could do well in a preponderantly first-past-the-post-system with a minimal proportional representation component that has a high cut-off point. 

Ironically, parties such as Minister Devananda’s EPDP, which are represented in Parliament thanks to the present electoral system of proportional representation and President Premadasa’s reduction of the cut-off point, will be called upon to vote in favor of a new system which eliminates the very ground on which they stand.

Finally, the new Constitution. There was a clearly articulated ‘Big Idea’ as the foundation stone of the two previous Constitutions. In 1972 it was a Republic and in 1978, the Presidency. There is no universally recognizable ‘big idea’ or concept that is being mentioned as the basis of the proposed new Constitution. The Chandrika ‘package’ and the UNP’s constitutional exercise had clear, recognizable concepts, however reprehensible and counter-productive: a ‘union of regions’, ‘the abolition of the executive presidency’, and ‘united not unitary’. 

If there isn’t a master-concept, why and how can you have a new Constitution—instead of a slew of amendments– and if there is one, why is it kept hidden? 

In his Parliamentary speech, Udaya Gammanpila mentioned a new “homegrown” Constitution. Is the new Constitution meant to unveil a ‘Sinhala-Buddhist State’? Is it a façade for a hegemonic, hierarchical System in which the Sinhala-Buddhist majority rules all other communities, the Rajapaksa clan rules the Sinhala-Buddhists, and the Presidency-Defense Mega (Ministry)-Monkhood ‘axis’ rules “über alles” i.e. above everyone and all else? 

In his parliamentary debut, Gevindu Kumaratunga called for the abolition of the 19th and the 13th amendments. The total abolition of the 13th amendment is a diversion. In reality, 13A will be amputated. 

The effort will be to shift back to the pre-1984/5 preference for the district as the unit of devolution, but this time while retaining the province –and the Provincial Council—as façade or camouflage. There will be two moves constituting one maneuver: the first will be the repossession (seizure) by the Center, of some crucial subjects. The State Minister of Provincial Councils, Rear-Admiral Sarath Weerasekara was on TV news earmarking education and land as subjects for probable reallocation to the center. 

In 1970-1972, educational ‘reform’ by a Sinhala nationalist administration with a two-thirds majority gave rise to a militant Tamil youth and student movement. Earlier, with the settler-colonization/population ratio issue, land was a motivator for federalism. Today’s agenda can be understood as the splicing by the GR regime of strands of Sinhala hegemonism, dating back to the 1970 SLFP government, as well as the post-1977 Mahaweli settler-colonial hawks and National Security Minister Lalith Athulathmudali (whose model was Israel). 

The second move in the coming constitutional counter-reform offensive will be draining off most of the devolved powers of Provincial Councils to smaller units, under the guise of grass-roots development. India has an excellent Gram Rajya network of small-unit devolution (West Bengal being the original and best example) which has not siphoned-off power in the least from the much larger units of the linguistic states which are the main constituent unit of the Indian Union.       

In a tweet, the Indian High Commission disclosed its reiteration to a TNA delegation that India’s stand remained “the full implementation of the 13th amendment”. Colombo is likely to regard the statement as a rubber bone the Indian HC tossed the toothless TNA. 

We seem to be on a time machine back to the days before the visit of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s special envoy G. Parthasarathy to Colombo. 

India’s Foreign Minister, Dr. Jaishankar, is not only the son of India’s most outstanding strategic thinker, the late K Subrahmanyam, but was also the young assistant of the iconic G. Parthasarathy when he was engaged in shuttle diplomacy between Delhi and Colombo. Unilateral changes to what Delhi achieved through the efforts of the great “GP” (as he was known) and High Commissioner JN “Mani” Dixit, resulting in a bilateral agreement, will concern Delhi. 

I was privileged to encounter and converse as a young man with three Indian policy giants: PN Haksar, G Parthasarathy, K Subrahmanyam. There’s a new book out on Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s Principal Secretary PN Haksar’s view on Sri Lanka, which I haven’t read yet, but I do recall my conversations at his residence when his eyesight had almost failed. He said that he had urged a strategy quite different from that which he helped develop in the case of Bangladesh. In the case of Sri Lanka, he urged on Indira Gandhi, a non-military strategy of escalating international diplomatic pressure, but things developed with a coercive component in the mix instead. 

Even more relevant today was my conversation with G Parthasarathy, who told me that President Jayewardene had urged him to meet the Sangha hierarchy and convince it– because that was the main obstacle to devolution. He had therefore visited Kandy and paid a call on the Buddhist hierarchy which had assembled to hear him out. He said that from their reception, their responses and even the facial expressions, he knew his legendary persuasive rationality wasn’t working and never would in that milieu. He retained over the years the deep pessimism that he felt at that moment—which would perhaps explain why Shri Haksar’s purely moral-diplomatic ‘soft power’ recommendation for Sri Lanka was abandoned.    

Today, the Sangha hierarchy (albeit with different personalities) has a formal, structured policy influence at the highest level, unprecedented in the post-Independence history of this island.

Apart from Dr. Jaishankar, there is (as DBS Jeyaraj has noted) another Sri Lanka hand in Mr. Modi’s Cabinet. That’s Hardeep Puri, who was on the ground in Colombo even earlier than Dr. Jaishankar. A superstar diplomat who as India’s PRUN-New York, won India a seat on the Security Council with more votes than Japan, he is prominently visible as a young officer in the photograph of JR Jayewardene and Rajiv Gandhi signing the Indo-Lanka Accord. If a Richard Holbrooke-type special envoy is ever needed, he’s the man. 

It would therefore be a mistake to assume that the Modi administration being BJP and the Accord being the product of a Congress government, there would no continuity, institutional memory and seamless policy commitment on the matter in Delhi.

Will the Sri Lankan state’s military victory over the LTTE (2009) –with India’s assistance–enable it, under the hawkish GR regime, to renege on the promise made to achieve that crucial assistance, and instead roll back what was achieved not by the LTTE, but despite it, by India (1987)? The LTTE never accepted the 13th amendment and waged war against the North-East Provincial Council. What the LTTE could not do may be done by its bitter enemies, one of whom has been elected President. Rollback would counterproductively confirm separatist propaganda that the LTTE was the only counter-power the Tamils had. 

Rollback was on the cards since the end of the war. A week after the victory of May 2009, President Mahinda Rajapaksa was torn between the instinctive impulse to fulfil his commitment to India and the mounting opinion within the state apparatus and his family, that there was no need now to do so. Indeed, the very mention of the promise to implement the 13th amendment was seen as ideologically inimical and reacted against as such– as I learned to my cost with my arbitrary dismissal six weeks after our singular Geneva UNHRC victory of late-May 2009.  

It was not coincidental that the first traceable manifestation of the GR succession project, the book “Gota’s War” was authored in 2012 by a columnist who had already written in post-war 2009 that there was no reason any more to retain the 13th amendment and the time had come to undo it.  

More tellingly, a member of the “troika”, Lalith Weeratunga, at the time the Secretary to the President, said in his speech at the launch of “Gota’s War”, that India was lucky that it was JR Jayewardene and not Mahinda Rajapaksa who was Sri Lanka’s President at the time of the air-drop. From a conversation with President Mahinda Rajapaksa, I could tell that as a pragmatist he was not amused.    

A close confidant of President GR over many years, Prof Rohan Gunaratne advised me in Singapore in 2010, not to waste my time and antagonize highly-placed readers by advocating 13A, because the decision-makers had ruled out devolution. 

JN Dixit noted in his landmark speech to the United Services of India that among the motivating factors of Indira Gandhi’s Sri Lanka policy was the strategic concern that if Delhi were to be perceived by the 80 million Tamils of Tamil Nadu—the site of the first secessionist stirrings in India— to be insensitive to the fate of their ethnic kin and close neighbor, Sri Lanka’s Tamils, it could cause a degree of disenchantment to re-enter Tamilian collective consciousness to the long-term detriment of the Indian Union. 

India’s credibility may be at stake, not merely among the 120 million Tamils worldwide, but also in the region and the world. If a small state can unilaterally move on and even partially roll-back the political outcome of a bilateral accord with India, into which Delhi invested time, energy, “blood and treasure”, then it may constitute a setback to its prestige and status in the neighborhood and among its international partners. Given the mythos of the BJP’s Hindutva ‘universe’, this may also have deeper discursive resonances and dissonances.

The 15th death anniversary of Lakshman Kadirgamar fell this month, August. The Hansard records his passionate speech opening the debate on the August 2000 draft Constitution (with the 1995-97 “union of regions” rightly deleted). Kadirgamar’s speech was a powerful plea to help him give an answer to the question posed wherever in the world he went: ‘What, where and when is the political solution you are offering the Tamils?’ 

Narcissistic nationalism and self-delusionary supremacism run counter to the objective interests of the Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims and the island-nation as a whole. 

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Latest comments

  • 11
    7

    Dr Jayatilleke
    You are trying to say if the 13th amendment is deleted India would react. I do not think India will give a hoot. They are not interested in the Tamils of Srilanka or even the Tamils of India. Even if they were to react I don’t think GR will take any notice, the Juggernaut is set in motion and will move on what ever you say or do is immaterial. You also alluded that an autocratic presidency may drive the Tamil and Muslim parties together into a bloc of the Tamil-speaking people, creating a Minority Bloc. Now now that is a wishful thinking on your part. You and all of know very well that will never happen what ever the government does. GR knows very well that a revolt by the minorities in Srilanka is a non starter.
    The new constitution will be brought in in which the term of current presidency will be extended to 10 years, there is nothing you can do about it.
    Further more people with dual nationality can be elected/ appointed as MPs and Cabinet ministers. That’s the reality in motherland.
    Moreover, within the next 20 years or so all srilankans will be a monolingual, mono religious society. All others will be exterminated/assimilated.
    Wait and see.

    • 6
      4

      For all the IDIOTS like leelagemalli…..
      .
      20th Amendment to the Constitution is already with the Attorney General for observations.
      .
      It will roll out soon.
      .
      Good luck guys.

    • 4
      1

      India is not interested in Tamils but in its self interest. It will use Tamils to bring Sri Lanka to its knees as in 1987. At that time JR made a brilliant move to surrender and then sabotage, probably being advised by USA. Had he not done that, country would have been humiliated and devastated. He cleverly put India to fight LTTE and reaped the benefit. USA also wisely withdrew having infiltrated LTTE promising to support struggle for Eelam, promoting LTTE to fight IPKF and drive them out of the country. Now situation is different with China entrenched firmly, unlikely to withdraw and foolish policy makers at the helm in Sri Lanka. India trusted Sri Lanka then but will not trust now and will take decisive steps to bring Sri Lanka down permanently. Tamil claim as original inhabitants of the country who are being systemically denied their share of Land and power will go well for foreign intervention to deliver justice. India then thought that an Independent Tamil state in Sri Lanka could be security threat to dismantle it, but now may consider it to be security asset to counter China. It will not be surprising that RAW is at work to instigate Tamils to rise up against Sri Lanka.

      • 1
        2

        Gnana,

        “India then thought that an Independent Tamil state in Sri Lanka could be security threat to dismantle it, but now may consider it to be security asset to counter China. “

        India will not reply on a 3rd part. If they do intervene they will occupy the land themselves and annex it to India. This is far better than giving a state to you Tamils

        • 2
          2

          Yes India has two options – independent Tamil state or autonomous state of India. If it is an independent Tamil state, it may be northern province, eastern province minus Amparai electorate plus Puttalam electorate. If India is to occupy, it will not only be northern province but entire eastern province, whole Puttalam district, Uva district, Nuwaraeliya district and part of Kandy district. Perhaps they would extend it to cover Yala and Kataragama the abode of Hindu Veddhas. By this annexation India will come into close firing range of Hambantota and Colombo ports to control Chinese activity. By the way, Colombo port will crash by taking away of handling of 70% of container transshipment business to Indian ports, when Cochchin harbour is deepened and Nicobar south container terminal is established. Also with USA sanctions, Colombo port city will be ghost land with no investors from countries friendly with and frightened of USA coming in. Did you notice that India did not object to Russsian warships docking in Hambantota. Let us see whether Chinese warship will dare to do that in any port in Sri Lanka.

          • 2
            1

            ” independent Tamil state “

            This is definitely out.

            If India occupies ,they will occupy the whole country. Far better than giving part of the country to you Tamils.

            But in reality this too would not take place.

            Smarting from defeat aren’t you ?

            In your twilight years you can amuse yourself with these nonesense. In another 20 yrs Vanni and batticalo will be sinhala majority.

            Lets see. Of course you will be dead by then.

            Accept man, are a defeated group of people

  • 4
    2

    “The 15th death anniversary of Lakshman Kadirgamar fell this month, August.”

    The 15th anniversary of the investigation of who killed Kadirgamar in in the heart of Colombo high security zone also fell this month, August.

    The first one is celebrated the second swept under the red carpet

    • 4
      3

      Hello Rajash,

      You assert that ‘The first one is celebrated the second swept under the red carpet’, the first being “The 15th death anniversary of Lakshman Kadirgamar fell this month, August.”.
      That is patently untrue!
      There are many Sinhalese, particularly those who knew him including Buddhist monks, who simply admired him and mourned his death.
      As for the investigation, I honestly know nothing.
      The least you could do is not to invoke his name for other political purposes.

      • 3
        2

        Hello Sunil Abeyratne
        Thanks for pointing out.
        I did not mean to say “celebration of his death.”
        I meant to say celebration of “his life on his death anniversary.”
        As for who killed him?
        LTTE was a easy scapegoat for those who didn’t want him to be the PM

      • 0
        7

        SA
        I have the feeling that the intended word was “commemorated”.
        I do not think that any sane person, even among supporters of the LTTE, will celebrate the killing.
        *
        The LTTE, even if did not organize the killing, failed to denounce it promptly and to offer to cooperate with the investigation.

        • 1
          0

          SJ/Sunil Abeyratne

          call it what you like.
          The point is on one hand “”they”” “commemorate” “celebrate his life” etc etc to fool the people while protecting the killers

          a two face celebration….and I mean this time “Celebration”

        • 0
          0

          SJ and Rajash,
          Thanks for the comments – I am greatly relieved that ‘celebrated’ was intended to be used!

  • 4
    2

    Dayan Jayatilleka, if he puts his mind to it, can be sensible. And, since of late, he has been sensible.
    .
    Here is a gem: ‘The proposed remedy may only achieve the miracle of driving the Tamil and Muslim parties together into a bloc of the Tamil-speaking people’. (The minority bloc was always in the making but for some unwise opportunism on the part of the Muslims.)

    • 1
      2

      Nathan
      “Here is a gem: ‘The proposed remedy may only achieve the miracle of driving the Tamil and Muslim parties together into a bloc of the Tamil-speaking people’. (The minority bloc was always in the making but for some unwise opportunism on the part of the Muslims.)”
      .
      I have always considered Tamil speaking people as one block and promoted unity among them.
      .
      Where ever I mention the word ‘Tamils’ in the context of a ‘political solution’ I never fail to add in parantheses:
      “All Tamil speaking people scattered across the island irrespective of their religion, caste or the date of arrival”
      .
      Acting as one block in unity is indespensable for winning a SEPARATE Homeland. Too bad Thalaivar wanted to banish those Tamils who practise Islam as their religion.

      Soma

      .

      • 2
        1

        somass

        “Too bad Thalaivar wanted to banish those Tamils who practise Islam as their religion.”

        Your brethren mad VP didn’t mean to banish those who practised Islam as their religion, he just wanted their wealth, land, space, … he is just another Tamil speaking Sinhala/Buddhist psychopath, ………. just like you greedy, cruel, …… bigoted, …

        • 1
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          NV
          When did you return from Jaffna after attending Thalaivar commemoration ceremony?

          Soma

          • 1
            0

            somass

            “When did you return from Jaffna after attending Thalaivar commemoration ceremony?”

            I am sorry I haven’t been there for quite some time, unlike you I am tied up with my responsibilities at my habitat.

            Are you after VP’s wealth, gold, cash, …?
            You are too late, Gota’s goons emptied VP’s fort knox immediately after the end of the war, sold some to jewellers on Sea Street, rest you need to speak to Basil.
            You are late.

    • 5
      1

      N
      “driving the Tamil and Muslim parties together into a bloc”
      For a start, let us see if the Tamil parties can get together and the Muslim parties can get together; then wait to see if these two half miracles add to make one miracle.
      *
      ps. DJ forgets the Hill Country Tamils who do not belong to either category.

    • 1
      1

      Why would not anyone think of a two vote system (the votes being independent with a national vote for a party and a local vote for a candidate)?
      It is nothing new and practiced in several countries.
      It will help the weaker parties and social groups to have fairer representation.

  • 5
    8

    Why do you go checking people’s ethnicity all the time? Dinesh Gunawardena, Udaya Gammanpila, and Nimal Siripala de Silva contested from districts with a very high Tamil population and they represent Tamils too from those districts. So your Tamil concerns are baseless.

    The country needs a solution acceptable for most not just for 11.5% of the population. 13 amendment failed because of that – only a minority (if at all) supported it. Even Tamil mainstream parties rejected it until 2012!!!! That was way after the war was won by the army.

    If SL is going to do everything India wants, why not split the northern province from the rest, send all Tamils there and hand it over to India? Everyone will be happy.

    Dayan’s world view is outdated. Too much nostalgia.

    • 7
      2

      Chingkalla Nazi ,you mean to say only what is acceptable to Chingkalla Poutha Kurangus like you stands and the wishes of the Eezham Tahmizh nation which is much older than the Chingkalla nation ,does not matter. The NE of the island is not your land but the land of the Eezham Thamizh , Chingkallams only got control of these lands in 1948 thanks to the British. Now are trying to use their majority to steal everything for themselves , commit genocide and ethnic cleansing and deny the Thamizh their right. You are one nasty piece of character. In a multi cultural , multi religious democratic country the wishes and rights of all people have to be respected and accommodated, especially if these people are indigenous and have an ancient history in the island. Not trampled upon . We not only need the north but coastal Trincomalee , the entire Batticaloa district and North Kalmunai south of Batticaloa. These areas have a Thamizh majority in the east.

      • 5
        6

        Pandi Kutti,
        North and East of Sinhale is land of Sinhala people. Sinhala Kingdoms Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa were in North and East of the country. ‘Para’ Demalu managed to occupy North East of the country because Portuguese brought garb age from Hindusthan and dumped in Yapanaya.
        If Eezham Tahmizh nation is much older than the Chingkalla nation why the hell these Tamilish who boast about their greatness confined themselves to an arid piece of land in the North and allowed Sinhalayo to occupy this country. There was no bloody Thamiliz nation in Sinhale.
        Thank Portuguese for bringing your ancestors from Hindustan as slaves and dum ping in Yapanaya so that you guys can be citizens of a country far better than the cesspool from where Portuguese picked up your ancestors.

        —-
        “Eezham Tahmizh nation which is much older than the Chingkalla nation”

        • 7
          1

          Eagle,
          “Thank Portuguese for bringing your ancestors from Hindustan as slaves and dum ping in Yapanaya so that you guys can be ……”
          This is the umpteenth time I am asking you to tell us your ge-name so that I can tell you which cesspool your own female ancestor was driven out of.

          • 5
            2

            Mahindapala’s paternal ancestors were slaves from Indonesia brought by Dutch to work in rubber plantations and dumped in Hambantota and his maternal ancestors were slaves from Kerala brought by Portuguese to work in cinnamon plantations and dumped in Balapitiya. But he claims to be pure Aryan Sinhalese.

          • 2
            1

            old codger,
            My ge-name is ‘URU WARIGE’
            Can yo tell from which cesspool my own female ancestor was driven out of.

            • 2
              2

              Eagle,
              Uru Warige?
              That literally means “of the pig clan”.
              Please accept my condolences since you are still living in the cesspool.

        • 0
          0

          Dear Potta Eyes and Gon Berto,

          72 years of distorted history teaching and Pure Mithya Department has only created Padikkam Pandithayo in Sri Lanka. Adams Peak (Shivas) became Sri Prada. Elara mahaseya (built by Dutugemunu) became Dutugemunu mahaseya. Destroying and debunking evidence of Tamil heritage , all happened during the last 72 years with impunity.

          Aryan Migration Theory has been debunked by scholars worldwide. Indus Valley civilization spoke Proto Tamil Language. Discoveries by Archeologist in Sri Lanka and South India predates Indus Valley Civilization. Indian Central Government like Sri Lanka Archeology blocking the truth emerging. There was no India or Hinduism before the British arrival. There were on Jainism, Saivism and Buddhism in South India and Lanka.

          King Pandukabaya was a Jain Devotee and was followed by large majority which predates1000 years before Buddha. Swastika(Dextro) symbol is Jainsm.

          If anyone wishes to learn real history with archeological and Anthropological evidence please follow Pro.Raj Somadeva or South Indian Scholars.

          Telungu, Kannadam, Malayalam were created by brahmins(They are Jews) from Tamil incorporating Sanskrit less than 1500,1000 and 800 years ago. Sinhala too was created from Tamil, Prakrit (Buddhas Language) and Sanskrit 1200 years ago using round letters. The Proto Tamil Tamili (Brahmi) letters found in Sri Lanka, South India and Indus Valley civilizations are same.

    • 8
      5

      Keep on dreaming Sinhalese racist. The north and east will go to India and may even the north west coast and Nuwara Eliya. . If the north goes the east will fall like a domino to India . The Sinhalese are only recent comers to the east , settled illegally by the Sri Lankan state on ethnically cleansed Tamil lands to deliberately change the demography of the east. They will have no leg to stand on. This is why the war criminal has selected other Sinhalese racists and war criminals , to create fake history and claim all the ancient Tamil Hindu and Buddhists ruins in the east as Sinhalese , to displace the Tamil speakers ( Tamils and Muslims) and claim their land. The east is 77% Tamil speaking and if the north is taken over by India , these people will also automatically claim to be part of India. The eastern Tamil Muslims, are of recent Indian origin and they know they will be far better of living under India , with its secularism and pluralism, where no one dominates , especially the secular prosperous southern states , that they will become part , a huge market for the business minded Tamil Muslims., than to be under the intolerant Sinhalese racist yoke , where life will be a living hell , especially if there are no Tamils.

      • 2
        8

        Pandi Kutti, Rohan25, still fighting for Eelam in cyberspace. Pathetic buggers.

        • 2
          7

          Stanley,
          I may disagree with you on various matters; but the second part of your comment is absolutely correct, but for the choice of words.
          There are quite a few around that deliberately use offensive language against communities to whip up hatred.
          They have nothing sensible to say; and say nothing that is worth analysing.
          *
          CT should use its comments policy strictly in its true spirit.

          • 3
            1

            SJ Thaattha as usual leaps to the defence of Chingkalla extremists and racists . Fnds their extremely offensive and racist comments sweet and acceptable but our not. May be applying for some position and needs the support the these Chingkalla kurangus

        • 3
          2

          Yes Stanley I am from Eezahm so will fight for my land . What is wrong with it? Just like you are fighting for your Keelam . May fight to safeguard my land , language, heritage and rights may be offensive to Chingkalla racists like you to and that Vaddakathaiyan SJ Thaatha

      • 4
        8

        Rohan25,
        Descendants of Dravida slaves have no clue about the history of Sinhale which is the Land of Sinhalayo and Vedda Eththo.
        Read my comment to Pandi Kutti to get some idea about the history of Sinhale.
        ‘Para’ Demalu are occupying the land of Sinhalayo in the North and East thanks to Portuguese and British. Please return the land to Sinhalayo and vanish to the cesspool across the Palk Strait. Modi is waiting with a Red Carpet to welcome you guys.

        “The Sinhalese are only recent comers to the east , settled illegally by the Sri Lankan state on ethnically cleansed Tamil lands to deliberately change the demography of the east.”

        • 3
          1

          Eagle,
          “Please return the land to Sinhalayo and vanish to the cesspool across the Palk Strait”
          But you claim to worship the Buddha and most of your gods who lived in said cesspool.
          Please make up your mind ( if you have one)

      • 3
        2

        Rohan thanbi,

        “Keep on dreaming Sinhalese racist. The north and east will go to India and may even the north west coast and Nuwara Eliya”

        So nothing for you demalu. Not only North East even the entire country going to Hindi lads is much better than surrendering part of the country to you demalu

  • 9
    3

    Detailed commentary on this codswallop made up of disguised and contrived arguments, concerns etc, coming from a ‘scientist’ with a wavering, dishonest history/would be a waste of time.
    /
    The truth of the matter is that the elimination of the executive presidency was not initiated by “social shift against” it, but by the worst of the political classes who realised that they can never win the bloody post. They were jealous of Mahinda Rajapaksa’s popularity and envied his position secured for the future. They used the naive monk Maduluwawe Sobhita ,who stupidly assumed he was a constitutional expert , to launch the 2015 conspiracy against a sensibly efficient government in Sri Lanka.
    /
    Bugger the concerns of the Lascarins and other vested interests, ditch S19 ASAP.
    /
    By the way, is Sarath de Alwis awake?

  • 2
    0

    “(I)t is quite unlikely that the JVP could do well in a preponderantly first-past-the-post-system . . .”
    Not too sure of this. What about Dahanayake, Suntheralingam, Jack Kotalawela type “aberations”? I have a suspicion that in a FPTP system chaps like Handuneththei, Vijeya Herath and Navina Jayatissa are likely to find secure one-off electorates within their Provinces.

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      eeakdavi
      When did such aberrations last occur?
      Once the party system got well entrenched, even very popular politicians got humiliated without backing from a party.
      Also, elections are very expensive these days.

    • 1
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      eeakdavi,

      FPTP will be different election, different candidates, different manifestos, different voting patterns and different results. Anyway whatever JR thought when he was introducing it did not happen. First election JR did not conduct, cheated. 2nd election UNP had marginal victory. 3rd Chandrika won. That all what UNP won in PR system. After that only, 8th graders won.

  • 0
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    Dayan,

    I may touch only on one point in your long polemics ie on the electoral district based preference system.

    Preferences are not votes. Each voter indicates just three preferences, not votes of his choice.
    Why three preferences are not known.

    Why not only one preference, or two or four? Why three?.

    Each preference is considered to have the same value. Each voter may have preferences in a hierarchical order. It could be ranked.

    The deceptive is clear if we could take the following example.

    Say, if a candidate gets 5 preferences. This 5 preferences given by 5 voters may constitute in the following manner-

    All 05 voters have given their third preferences, hence 05 preferences. On the other hand, if another candidate had obtained 4 preferences by 04 voters indicating as their first preferences, then four preferences.

    Then compare the 5 third preferences of first candidate with 4 first preferences of the second candidate and declare the first candidate as elected..

    This is like comparing apples with oranges. Only equal things could be compared. Is it not ridicules?

    It is better for each voter to indicate only one preference only, and then it will make sense.

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    Dr Jayathilaka@

    Thank you for analysing it. This I believe is a timeworthy article no doubt about it. It is becoming clear that they dont care much about the minority rights, though promised sky and earth to them prior to the election. Tamil and muslim representatives should be well aware of the current move of the govt.

    If the committee which they appointed comprises of
    – Gonthadipila, GLP (most known joker), Dinesh Gunawardhana (nasal voice but nothing in head), Ali Sabry (defending lawyer for numerous allegations on high crimes of Gotabaya), Nimal S Silva (national represenatative for sleeping community in Parliament)

    What we can say is may lord buddha s blessings (Budusarnayi apata).
    Actually, they should call a committee comprising all the party representatives. If not all atleast one represenative of major minority groups.

    Ali Sabry the traitor of the muslim community is already brainwashed by Rajapakshe clan for their political surivival, but this would not block more of SAHARAN or the like would have to be bred in the days to come. I dont think, that the current men in leadership are even suitable to handle a municipal council. This turns out to be like walking on the curve regarding long awaiting solutions for the tamil-muslim ethnic conflict in this country.

    Why they did not allow that Munidasa Kumarathungas grand son (another ultra racist) is more than questionable to me.

    God bless srilanka !

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      leelagemalli,
      It is really a pity not giving a place to Uru Warige Wannila Eththo who is the leader of real indigenous minority in Sinhale. All the other minorities are ‘Para’ Kthoni.

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        EE@
        All others including SINHALESE are Kthonis.

        If Vijaya is the very first man to breed SINHALA race, we should all be Kthonies. Finally you said it truthfully. Just tell us what did you have for your meals today ? My gosh, what is going on in your head ?

        I think COLOMBO Museum will have to keep you FOREVER as a displaying object after being mumified.

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    Srilanka is not concerned, about any other countries opinion, except, perhaps China. They would like to live in their own garbage inundated/eclipsed by robes of the hamudurus.

  • 3
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    This will never happen.

    “The proposed remedy may only achieve the miracle of driving the Tamil and Muslim parties together into a bloc of the Tamil-speaking people, creating a Minority Bloc, so as to vault the electoral barriers sought to be re-imposed. This will only enhance the island’s majority/minority polarization.”

    Most Muslim MPs are elected or appointed from the two main Sinhala parties. Besides Muslims are internationally aligned to Saudi, not India. Did I say India? This makes it impossible for a Tamil and Muslim tie-up which has never happened.

    Instead increasing the electoral barrier will force Tamil politicians to join the two Sinhala parties in order to win a seat or get appointed. This is how Singapore does it. JVP, JHU will be wiped out. JVP without nationalism is like a husk without its seed. So this is not a target against minorities. Others will be affected too.

    Devolution needs a decent burial.

    • 2
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      Yes like good hat flippers these South Indian origin immigrant Thullkans will align themselves to India , as soon as they arrive and forget about Saudi Arabia ,that has never supported them. 1987 when the IPKF arrived in the east , the Muslims openly welcomed them with flags and banners. Sorry to burst your bubble, they will run to the bosom of Mother India , blood is thicker than water. Many of these eastern Muslim politicians invite important members of the DMK parties , as guests for their children’s weddings. They maintain cordial relationship with Mother Thamizh Nadu. Saudi is to milk money

  • 2
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    Turning 13A Into A Stuffed Animal!

    DJ- 13A was a Trojan Horse?

  • 1
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    Nathan
    “Here is a gem: ‘The proposed remedy may only achieve the miracle of driving the Tamil and Muslim parties together into a bloc of the Tamil-speaking people’. (The minority bloc was always in the making but for some unwise opportunism on the part of the Muslims.)”
    .
    I have always considered Tamil speaking people as one block and promoted unity among them.
    .
    Where ever I mention the word ‘Tamils’ in the context of a ‘political solution’ I never fail to add in parantheses:
    “All Tamil speaking people scattered across the island irrespective of their religion, caste or the date of arrival”
    .
    Acting as one block in unity is indespensable for winning a SEPARATE Homeland. Too bad Thalaivar wanted to banish those Tamils who practise Islam as their religion.

    Soma

    .

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      Soma
      Thalaivar would banish anyone who dissented.

      • 1
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        SJ you mean as in China

      • 1
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        Somass

        Thalaivar would banish anyone who has not dissented too.
        He was just like his brethren Mad Gota.

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    Why would not anyone think of a two vote system (the votes being independent with a national vote for a party and a local vote for a candidate)?
    It is nothing new and practiced in several countries.
    It will help the weaker parties and social groups to have fairer representation.

  • 0
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    Thalivar did that because Thalapathy did the same openly in Jaffna since 1970. Having created the Thalivar who had to hide to survive unlike the Thalapathy. Thalapathy can get any one killed and even protect the human rights of Mrs SWRD in the parliament from JRJ such are Thalapthays ability. You have to respect this man who even charged a life long non alcoholic as an alchalocholic who buys the liquors to people for vote.

    Thalivar was more decent than the Thalapathy who created the Thalivar in the first place.

    A class of its own.

  • 2
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    Towards the end of Chitanta Royalty, the government policies, treasury, international relationship, Sinhala Buddhists’ satisfaction on Aanduwa was going bankruptcy. Old King was trying to invent anti-minority aggressions to keep up his show going. That time he appointed a PSC under Nimal Sri Pala De Silva, who is a member in current 20A recommendation committee (but not known as intended to abolish 13A at this time). Until FPTP system was there the MPs respected constituents and there was law and order. There were need of law like Citizenship Act of 1948, Standardization, Sinhala Only… to oppress Tamil to boost the image of Sinhala Parties. But after FPTP is over, JR openly said that starving Tamils is only way to Make Sinhalese happy & started Black July 83. Impunity became a subject to be announced in National Radio and granted in front of TV viewers. In Nirmalarupan’s ( A male model refused to cooperate with Rapist army and murdered, in hospital bed) case Mokan Perris said in Supreme Court verdict that Tamils have no fundamental rights. Buffoon de Silva announced in media conference that he released a criminal to contest in EP election and he denied UN associated ICC ruling in Nallaratnam Singarasa case. Law and order was abandoned after 1978 constitution.

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    But earlier, in Tamil Clerical Servants Union’s case, to disregard Privy Council Verdict, Siri Ma O ended changing the constitution. After Black July, Tamils lost their citizenship in Lankawe, even without Indian Pakistani Citizenship Act and more than 1.5M left the country. JR brought the worst Law in the history of Lankawe, the 6th amendment. JR’s & his terrorists’ gang oppression made India to interfere and Rajeev made JR to devolve power. JR made the still born 13A. Now the still born is being embalmed and stuffed. So Does talking about that make any difference to Tamil or the Tamils have to start that opportunistic racist talker Thero to revere?
    While 13A was in its place only the 30 years war took place between Tamils Army and the Rapist Army.
    “Not a single piece of polarizing legislation was passed under the system of proportional representation. “ Here, Thero is blunt; he is not telling how did that stop the majority no longer humiliate minority; because he knows his statement cannot be substantiated. Did that stopped the other minority, the Muslims leaders like Hakeem, Rishard being bought out & they going to Geneva with Sinhala Supporting actresses and Thero De Silva to defend Tamils’ genocide or did that saved the call at Geneva for to continue the resolution 30/1?

  • 2
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    So far Media did not report that the 13A’s fate is included in 20A. Thero is just blowing his horn for nothing. Or He may be hoping that these lies are going to upgrade him as great political scientist. India cannot get Lankawe to implement 13A, which itself is only a mirage horse, not unicorn, for Tamils problem. Even Manmohan Singh had accepted that India wants 13+ not 13A (13+ is not defined, but it is accepting implementing 13A will not resolve any of the Tamils problems. CV repeatedly said there was not enough money allocated to NPC or he was not allowed to set President for NPC’s developments or get foreign or diaspora help. Pillaiyan said he was not allowed appointing a peon to him. These have nothing to do with Land, Police, N-E merger, which stripped illegally from the constitution, without 2/3). India lost all its relevance to Tamil problem, when Rajeev fired real consultants like Visvanathan, Parththasarathy (First one) and recruited Narayan, Shiv Shankar, Menon, Nurupama Rao, the Amude wearers, which was made out of Chinese yuan , and when those guys earnestly sought the prize for Rajeev, if JR’s gang missed it, from LTTE. On the mammoth problems like the one Rajeev undertook, if it is not resolved efficiently it will destroy the one who undertook in that, i.e. Rajeev, Tamils & LTTE.

  • 1
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    I don’t want to spend too much time on side points while Thero thinking that he can easily black Mail Tamils and make them to line behind him to save the 13A. So let’s come to the point. Thero is hoping to stir up Tamils and Muslims, for his need of taking on King and the Rapist Army. He is trying to give a false hope to Tamils that Indian Army returning with Parippu and Pain(Bread) for the waring parties. The whole game here is he is fearing that if what he saying is not taking place an International Inquire may bud and Tamils’ dream of self-determination would flower. So “The Wolf is crying for sheep getting wet”. Thero is melting for Tamils. Thero’s concern is the matter is now gone out of India’s hand. When India talks about Lankawe (at the time of Kashmiri preparation), China is running over the India’s northern boarders. Seeing India’s inability to counter it, China is even playing on Kandy Ayatollahs’’ computers. “Catch me if you can”, the China’s challenge to India!

  • 2
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    We wrote here earlier that “China is here to stay”; now without any fear China is saying that with it’s with deeds; i.e. a message e to India and Lankawe “I will never leave you alone”. Because China’s aggression is in other parts of the world too, they too will come to Lankawe to oppose China, beyond China and India. In other word, Thero’s enemies, the West is going to dictate Lankawe to cut down it’s filtering with China. This is what bothering Thero. On August 30th the Tamils women demanded UN and West to act for their lost loved ones, before they all die and wiped of this earth. Lankawe is being forced to face the West, who is Thero’s enemies, by both China’s aggression and Tamil Women for forced disappearance. Thero is seeking a way out for Lankawe from this. Tamils should not care about Thero’s tears for 13A. He wants to bring out a new story that Royal government is cooking a new Secret Solution. He is demanding them to publish it for him to prepare for his anti-devolution campaign. Unless smart patriotic cocooned Sinhala Buddhist Intellectuals come out their self-imprisonment and fight for a solution for Tamils with Self-determination, land, sovereignty and internal administrational freedom will be stolen by China. Wealth of the country will be sucked by anti-minority Royals, whether it is UNP or SLFP. .

  • 0
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    Dear Dayan

    With your political knowledge kindly write articles that drives us to emulate China please not for the politics but for the success. We need to catch up on the lost ground.

    How Did China Succeed? | Joseph E. Stiglitz | BI Norwegian Business School
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Iaw4n9IZDdc

    The Chinese Economy in the Next 30 Years: Political Reform vs. Status Quo?https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ga0ORrpu68w

    Grouping people together for is not part of any concept as anyone who has hate for others are criminals period. Then criminals can not group together and form a political concept/front for survival while undermining others existence/subsistence only above in SL because Journalism has failed on fact based/evidence based honest professionalism that is useful to human dignity/empowerment. You may have limitations on certain subjects then why CT keep covering the same from many angles?my evaluation so far this media coverage is driving my Tamil people to the ground..perhaps a conspiracy involved here is my concern??

  • 0
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    Thiagarajah Venugopal / September 2, 2020

    Dear Dayan

    With your political knowledge kindly write articles that drives us to emulate China please not for the politics but for the success. We need to catch up on the lost ground.
    ————————
    Dear Mr Thiagarajah Venugopal
    if you hadn’t noticed by now – DJ sits on the fence and writes mumbo jumbo to please who ever will throw him the bred crumbs with a Foreign post.

    and you are asking him to write articles on how to become a economic super power to match China.

    in which planet are you living ?

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