23 September, 2020

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Violent Vellahlas Despised & Oppressed The Tamils

By H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

H. L. D. Mahindapala

Hendri Zwaardecoon, the Dutch Commander of Jaffna, and R. Sunderalingam, Superintendent of Police, Jaffna, lived and worked in Jaffna overseeing the Tamil society, its security and all its law-and-order issues. Though they lived and worked in two different worlds – separated by around 300 years – they faced the identical crisis that threatened the peace and security of Jaffna : the casteist politics of the violent Vellahlas. Both officials were fighting for the restoration of human dignity and equality denied to the Tamils by the Vellahlas. Both fought for the rights of the oppressed Tamils, and for the removal of historical injustices and imbalances caused by the entrenched forces of oppressive Vellahlas. And both had to face the violent politics of the Vellahlas – the most powerful force within the overarching power of the ruling state, in colonial and post-colonial times.

It is this overdeterminig force that was holding Jaffna back. Tradition-bound Jaffna was the last enclave of feudalism. It was the comfort zone of the Vellahlas and they resisted any change that would undermine or destabilise their safe haven. Besides, the Vellahla leadership found legitimacy essentially within that anachronistic socio-political framework. Their supremacy did not go beyond the borders of the peninsula. The Vadukoddai Resolution was to extend their powers beyond the borders of Jaffna.

The Vellahla leadership aimed at keeping both feet in feudalist past while dipping one foot occasionally in modernity, from time to time, to gain whatever advantages it could get from the advancing ticks of time. The progressive march of modernity, however, was a serious threat to its supremacy. Colonial and post-colonial administrators of Jaffna discovered that the Vellahlas, the ruling caste, stood in the way of reforms needed to liberate Jaffna from outdated feudalism and fascist casteism. Since Vellahlas lived and thrived by casteism they found advancing modernity unbearably intrusive and undermining their casteist power and privileges. Consequently, reformists like Zwaardecoon and Sunderalingam had to face the hostile reactions of the aggressive Vellahlas fighting back to preserve their feudal fortress in Jaffna.

The Vellahlas, who controlled the commanding heights of socio-economic establishment of Jaffna, from land to temples, readily accepted the material goods and services that enhanced and reinforced their power and privileges. Officials records have established that schools, English-education, hospitals, roads and railways, irrigation works, and commanding positions in the state administration and private sectors went a long way to uplift the quality of life of the Vellahla elite in particular. But they resisted any move to change the systemic fundamentals of their feudal structures that would grant equality and dignity to the oppressed Tamils. The Vellahlas reacted sensitively and aggressively each time reforms were introduced to improve the living conditions of the oppressed Tamils. The administrators bent on reforming Jaffna society ran into the impenetrable Chinese Wall of Vellahlaism that ringed round the peninsula.

Delving deep into the politics and power of Vellahlas, Neville Jayaweera, Government Agent of Jaffna (1963 – 1966), reveals the hostile reaction of the Vellahlas resisting reforms in his memoir, Jaffna, Exorcising the Past and Holding the Vision, An autobiographical reflection on the ethnic conflict. Armed with the Prevention of Social Disabilities Act of 1957 – the only bit of radical legislation available to alleviate the misery of the oppressed castes of Jaffna – he was hoping to mobilise the local forces to uplift the Tamils oppressed by the “evil” forces of Vellahlaism. But he found that the 11 MPs, the key power-brokers of Jaffna which included S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, the great champion of the Tamils, were very backward in coming forward to implement the reformist laws. Reason: All MPs were Vellahlas! Even at the administrative level he could not go very far. The 14 District Revenue Officers of Jaffna, who were administrative officers working under Jayaweera, too had “poured cold water” over his plans for reform. No surprise there either because they too were all Vellahlas. (Ibid — p.142). The available evidence proves that from the time of the Dutch to the time of Sunderalingam, and even later, the Vellahlas ganged up against the other castes to preserve their supremacy. The Vellahlas were committed primarily to protect the interests of the Vellahlas and not the Tamils who were oppressed by them from feudal times. It was against the political culture of the Vellahlas to let the non-Vellahlas be their equal.

It was Zwaardecoon who first revealed this vicious casteist undercurrent that underlined the politics of his day and the days to come. He said: “Changes are necessary so that many thousands of people should no longer suffer by the oppression of the Bellales, who are very proud and despise all other castes.” (Memoirs of Zwaardecoon, 1697 – p. 27). This underscores the fact that the Vellahlas were not only the dominant power of Jaffna but also “the oppressors” of the non-Vellahla Tamils. Zwaardecoon identifies the two main characteristics of “the proud Bellales” – 1) the despising of the non-Vellahla Tamils as subhuman pariahs unfit for their superior company and 2) the permanent political culture of oppression that reduced the non-Vellahla Tamils to subhumans. Both go hand in hand to buttress each other. It was this oppressive culture of the Vellahlas that reigned supreme in Jaffna.

A typical symbol of this oppressive culture was Prof. C. Suntheralingam, Oxford Tripos in Mathematics, CCS, and a ex-Cabinet Minister. When he stood at the entrance of the Maviddipuram Temple, flailing his walking stick to keep the low-castes out of the inner courts reserved as a sacred space only for the elitist Vellahlas, he displayed his ingrained Vellahla fanaticism that turned Jaffna into a casteist gulag. If a Tamil coming out of Oxford can despise a section of his own people as a subhuman race and keep them out of their inner circle because of an imagined sense of superiority, endorsed, of course, by the ruling religious ideology, then it means that 1) the evils of casteism had dug deep roots into the political culture of Jaffna poisoning the minds at the highest levels and 2) its inhuman consequences had stripped the basic rights of the ordinary Tamils to live as human beings with dignity. Denial of dignity and equality by the upper layers of Jaffna to its lower layers laid the foundations for the fascist culture that dehumanized Jaffna society. The Tamil victims of the insufferable indignities and inequalities tragically found no escape from the karmic hell created by their Vellahla masters.

There are, of course, castes and castes. The Sinhalese too had their own castes but scholarly consensus confirm that Buddhism had humanised the caste system in the south. Vellahlaism, on the contrary, turned Saivite casteism into a fascist cult in which human beings were religiously deprived of their right to be a human being with even a modicum of dignity. The Vellahlas dehumanised the oppressed Tamils by reducing them into invisible zeroes that did not count in any respect, except to serve them as obedient servants. They despised their fellow-human beings to the point of denying them even the right to walk in daylight. They were kept out of sight to protect the purity of the Vellahla eyes. By forbidding the turumbas, a low-caste, to walk in daylight the Vellahlas cast the hapless Tamils into a darkness at noon. In poverty it is the loss of dignity that aches more than the stomach without bread. In oppression it is the despising and degrading of a fellow-human being that causes more pain than the crack of a whip. The obscenity that condemns the Vellahlas is their inhuman denial of the basic right of Tamils to drink even a drop of water from their ultra-superior wells. The vast majority of the non-Vellahlas lived in a Kafkesque nightmare outside the forbidden castle of the casteist Vellahlas.

The casteist passions, political intransigence, the despising of non-Vellahla Tamils and the humiliating oppression of the non-Vellahlas coagulated into a mass of self-destructive extremism. The “suffering of the many thousands of Tamils” was caused by this oppressive political culture. The contradictions and the tensions of the peninsular political culture arose from the intransigent refusal of the Vellahlas to face the necessary changes for the good of all. The diminishing and/or the elimination of the feudal powers of the Vellahlas was a sine qua non for the welfare of all Tamils. Therein lies the rub. The Vellahlas resisted any changes to their casteist status quo. Their politics focused on increasing their share of power and reinforcing it and not on democratising power to let all Tamils share it as equals. Sir Ponnambalam Ramanathan and G. G. Ponnambalam opposed the granting of universal franchise to the low-castes because it would force the Vellahlas to share power with the low-castes. Though they were opposed to sharing power with their people their overall political agenda was based on demanding a disproportionate share of power from the centre to consolidate Vellahla power, both in the north and in the centre. They resisted democratisation and liberalisation that flowed from the Donoughmore Commission reforms fearing that it would undermine their supremacy.

The Vellahlas were obsessed with grabbing an undue share of power from the colonial and the post-colonial regimes to make sure that the power to retain their supremacy does not slip out of their hands. It began with the first revolt of Moddely Tambi against the Dutch. It was a revolt to oust the rival Madapalli caste from getting their share of power in the Dutch administration. Colonial politics and the post-colonial politics ran into direct confrontations with the Vellahlas mainly on this issue of power sharing. The Vellahlas fought back tooth and nail with the other castes even on issues of burying the dead or wearing jewellery because they viewed any infringements of their customs and laws as a threat to their supremacy. Consequently, any proposed reforms to change or diminish entrenched Vellahla power resulted inevitably in a violent reaction from the Vellahlas. This explains why the other two Tamil-speaking communities were able to resolve their differences with the majority Sinhalese non-violently, within the democratic framework. Resolving issues non-violently with the Muslims and the estate Tamils was possible because they were focused on specific issues that were negotiable and not intransigent and insatiable issues like power sharing which were intractable and highly volatile.

Muslim and estate Tamils raised issues that granted them their place as citizens sharing a common territory and destiny within a democratic framework. They were not demanding territorial power bases to establish a separate state. The Vellahlas, on the other hand, were out to get a separate political enclave to maintain their feudal/casteist supremacy. The cries of “50-50”, federalism, Eelam were raised by the Vellahlas for the Vellahlas. It was, of course, disguised as a demand of the minorities opposed to discrimination by the majority Sinhalese. This anti-Sinhala-Buddhist story of “discrimination” is another one of the tall tales that should be told in detail on another day. But “separatism” developed as a primary force of the Vellahlas, by the Vellahlas, for the Vellahlas to maintain their exclusive and elitist identity, rising above the rest to consolidate their powers and privileges. Internally, the main thrust of peninsular politics of the Vellahlas was “separatism” from the non-Vellahlas to maintain their casteist supremacy. Internal “separatism” was an elitist cult to differentiate and maintain their superiority. Casteist separatism, blessed by Saivism, gave the Vellahlas the upper hand in Jaffna. It was the cruelty of the separatist / casteist regime, alienated from the average Tamils, that led to intermittent caste wars throughout the colonial and post-colonial periods. Vellahlas went to war with the other castes to keep their purity, superiority, distance, and separateness.

Externally, separatism took a different complexion. When separatism transited into the national arena it dropped the regional casteist characteristics and took on the racist colouring (they disguised it as a minority vs. majority issue) to broaden the political base. Casteism divided communal entities into fragments. Racism united divided communities and pitted them against the other communities. The ultimate expression of Vellahla racism was wrapped in the Vadukoddai Resolution. It was a declaration of war to divide the nation on racist lines. S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, the leader of Tamil racist separatism, took it to the extreme when he refused to buy a house in Colombo fearing that the liberal / cosmopolitan culture of the south will pollute the Tamil purity of his children. In the absence of colonial patronage and protection separatism became a protective cult in the minds of the Vellahlas to maintain their feudal powers and privileges.

Besides, the religious, legal, social and political ideologies and institutions were structured to keep the Vellahlas apart from the rest, as the superior rulers / masters / oppressors. The Vellahla political culture was based essentially on defining and maintaining their separateness to emphasise their superiority over the rest. Political, cultural, religious, legal, social, ideological separateness was an essential requirement for the Vellahlas to retain their supremacy. Vellahlaism threatened by invading forces of modernity could find refuge only in carving out a separate political entity. Separatism was going to be the Chinese Wall that would keep the invading forces out of their so-called “Tamil homeland”. It was similar to the futile mud walls that Prabhakaran put up to halt the forces advancing from air, land and sea.

The tragedy in all this that the Vellahlas built the wall and fled to greener pastures abroad leaving the Tamils they despised to fight their Vadukoddai War. They were hoping to ride into power on the backs of the low-caste poor fighting on their behalf. Their tactic was to remote control their Vadukoddai War from London, Toronto, Paris, Oslo and Melbourne etc. They were not willing to risk their lives. As usual the Vellahlas were getting their dirty work done by the non-Vellahlas. Were they really committed for a state of their own like ISIS fighting for their caliphate? The New York Times ( Sept. 27, 2015) reported that 30,000 Muslim expats from Western nations, from Australia to America, slipped into Syria and joined the ISIS forces with a self-sacrificing commitment to establish their caliphate. How many Tamils from abroad left their Chardonnay and Chivas Regal, their second car, their universities and holiday homes to fight shoulder-to-shoulder with the local Tamil cadres in the Vanni?

Loud-mouths like Dr. Sam Pari, a middle-aged Tamil activist from Sydney, went to Vanni, signed up to be a card-carrying member of the LTTE, took some pictures with the LTTE high command and flew back to her air-conditioned home in New South Wales, Australia to boast about her contribution to the victims of “the Sinhala-governments” – the primary source that was feeding and caring for the Tamils held as hostages by her “Suriya Devan”. Pompous propagandists like “Paki” Saravanamuttu was crying into his beer at the American Embassy cocktails, railing against “the violations of the human rights by the Sinhala governments” without caring a hoot about the root causes of the suffering of the Tamils down the ages. The late Kumar Ponnambalam had thirteen Mercedes Benzes in Colombo and he was complaining about the lack of transport for the Tamils in the Vanni. His father, G. G. Ponnambalam, would not let a low-caste constituent from his electorate in Jaffna cross his gate in Colombo. He would chase them away telling them to go to his office in Jaffna, according to one of the lawyers in his chambers, Sunil Rodrigo, former Chairman of Lake House.

Their total contribution was to perpetuate the suffering of the Tamils which began in feudal times and continued to this day by the Vellahla villains of Vadukoddai. They put all their political eggs in the one basket of separatism which led them to Nandikadal. Clearly, over the years, casteism, racism and separatism latched on to each other as the political agenda of the north transited from one phase to another. In incremental stages, casteism morphed into racism and racism morphed into separatism. Each stage was determined exclusively by the Vellahlas. Regional separatism of the Vellahlas on a caste basis and separatism on a national scale based on racism caused irreparable damage mainly to the Tamils who had to face the brunt of the purblind Vellahla leadership that led the Tamils all the way to Nandikadal.

Neither the Dutch nor the British records indicate that the Vellahlas had espoused the cause of the Tamils either as a bonded Hindu community or as a Tamil-speaking collective in Jaffna sharing common values. If they cried for Hinduism it was for the Saivism of the Vellahlas and not that of the Tamils who were kept out of Vellahla temples. If they cried for Tamil culture it meant the elitist cult of the Vellahlas, decked mainly with the imported products of S. India, without any creative or original input from a Jaffna-centric culture.

This explains why the concept of nationalism was late in coming to the Vellahlas. They were primarily a self-centred, insular, navel-gazing collective focused only on the immediate threats to their power and positions. In the colonial period, “Tamil nationalism”, which could have united all layers of society in a common front against alien regimes, was never a part of the political agenda of the Vellahlas. Sir. Ponnambalam Ramanathan went to London to urge the colonial masters to legalise casteism. But he never pressed for “Tamil nationalism”. It didn’t exist. The only ideology that moved them was Vellahlaism. In fact, they were cosying up to the colonial masters to reinforce their power to rule the “other” Tamils. They were quite content with colonialism as long as they were allowed to rule the “other” Tamils. Tamil “nationalism” was a latter day construction manufactured by the Vellahlas to cover-up the evils and failures of their casteist leadership.

As Vellahlaism began to lose its legitimacy they put on the Emperor’s clothes of “nationalists” to make them look respectable and acceptable in the eyes of the world. “Tamil nationalism” was a fashionable disguise to market Vellahlaism as a new political force that would be acceptable to all layers of Jaffna divided on casteist lines. Nationalism was also the only alternative ideology to anachronistic Vellahlaism which had gone past its use-by-date. It was the most convenient political means of bringing the divided Tamil community under the Vellahla umbrella. Tamil “nationalism” helped to swell the numerical strength of Vellahla politics.

Apart from adopting the white verti of “nationalists” they also posed as Gandhians to clean the image of oppressors. In the post-colonial period they went for optics in a big way to remake their image as “nationalists” mainly to wipe out the five centuries of oppressive feudal memory. As stated by Zwaardecoon, “the Bellales” acted as the “oppressors” of the non-Vellahla Tamils. By and large, the history of Jaffna consisted of the colonial rulers and the oppressed Tamils battling the Vellahlas. It was only when the Vellahlas feared that the post-colonial governments would be a threat to them, particularly without the patronage of the colonial masters, that they took to Tamil nationalism. It also served as an alternative ideology to out dated Vellahlaism.

In short, the history of Jaffna has been a history of perennial caste struggles. If you take out the Vellahla mini-wars waged to keep the low-castes under their jackboots the history of Jaffna would be as flat and dry as its landscape. The tragedy, however, is that it is the poor, despised and oppressed people of Jaffna who had to pay with their blood, sweat and tears for all the wars launched by the Vellahlas, including the one that ended in Nandikadal.

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Latest comments

  • 15
    5

    Pala.

    The Vellalachi lost-love still hurting you to the core – ha? Try to get over it — you were far too a low-class (if not low-caste) even for day-dreaming – so obviously that love was never yours pal.

    Hmm, talk about a man scorned – a rather unknown concept, but there is always a first-time!

    • 11
      5

      This non violent low caste Lion born Buddhist Sinhala Fundamentalist only kill and taste human blood.

    • 4
      7

      Is Kumar R married to a Dalit Tamil woman too ?

      • 8
        2

        Hey softly,

        Why do you want to know? Is your women desperately want to be with a Vellahla guy – sorry, please tell her I am not available.

        Incidentally the “Softly” aspect of you may ex[plain why your woman is looking outside!

  • 9
    4

    Rajash

    Here we go again.

    • 2
      2

      Native
      Indeed
      here we go again
      poor guy seems to me he is so frustrated that he is relieving himself of his frustration with his hand held pen

      • 5
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        Rajash

        HLD M loves and a true practitioner of masochism.

        Masochism – the tendency to derive sexual gratification from one’s own pain or humiliation.

        The CT commentators provide enough humiliation to his satisfaction. On the other hand it is also free.

        Sadomasochism is the giving or receiving of pleasure from acts involving the receipt or infliction of pain or humiliation.

        In a way here in CT a few commentators too have become sadomasochists in that they too receive pleasure by inflicting humiliation on HLD M and IH (of course its free of charge).

        Note neither I condemn nor I support sadomasochism. I am sitting on the fence.

  • 15
    3

    Wow. So the Vellalahs wanted to dominate the other castes. Therefore they started a war against the Sinhalese that united all the other castes?!!! This guy’s logic is amazing!! All the other casts joined this fight instead of fighting against the Vellalahs who were their oppressors!!! Is it the Vellalahs who treat them as sub-human or does the author ascribe sub-human intellectual capacity to the non-vellalahs?!!

    It would appear that the Vellalahs did dominate the other castes but to link it to the ethnic conflict would be a stretch – even for young Mahindapala.

    S

    • 1
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      sulaiman

      you are spot on.this idiot of an author is confusing me like hell,though he does also have some valid points like the 13 mercede benz of kumar ponnambalam and the water well and worship in temples which i loath to even think about.However when he tries to link the war with this and says that it is the low caste that is dying fighting for the vellalas who have treated them so badly,it just does not add up for me.Why should people fight and die for someone who has oppressed them?It is obvious that they tried a power grab with the gun which they know they can’t through the ballot because of their numbers.The karayar/karawe tried the same stunt in the south with wijeweera.Now this idiot mahindapala might say that i was the govigama that got him to do it.

      This fool does not get the point that the 2 insurrections by the karayar/karawe were against the vellala/govigama because the karayar/karawe who were the favoured caste under the portuguese did not want to relinquish that when the british made the vellala/govigama their favoured caste.They will always consider themselves as a higher caste than farmers,because they are the sea people who are bold and take the risks with the turbulent ocean.The electoral system has mae them lose their place as the natural leaders of the people.Nowhere in the world will the larger majority be considered as the higher caste.Those of a higher caste will always be less than the lower caste.

      On that score mahindapala is right.The vellala/govi made themselves the higher caste recently.The karayar/karawe must have been higher than them historically.farmers are peasants,not aristocracy or ruling class.

      • 2
        1

        No you are wrong the Vellalar were always higher .Vellalars (also, Velalars, Vellalas) were, originally an elite caste of Tamil agricultural landlords in Tamil Nadu, Kerala states in India and in neighbouring Sri Lanka; they were the aristocracy of the ancient Tamil order (Chera/Chola/Pandya/Sangam era) and had close relations with the different royal dynasties. The Vellalar were during ancient and medieval period landlords and part of the elite caste who were major patrons of literature. During the Chola period the Vellalar community was the dominant secular aristocratic caste, providing the courtiers, most of the army officers, the lower ranks of the bureaucracy and the upper layer of the peasantry.
        The Vellalars have a long cultural history that goes back to over two millennia in southern India. They were the ruling and land owning community of South India. ]
        The Vellalar tribes are described as a landed gentry who irrigated the wet lands and the Karalar were the landed gentry in the dry lands.
        They had close associations and held high positions of office with the three main Tamil dynasties, Chera, Chola and Pandya.[15] Some of them had marital relations; Ilamcetcenni, the king known for his fleet of warships, married a Velir princess, and his son Karikala Chola also married a Velir princess from Nangur.
        The Vellalars of Jaffna have been chronicled clearly in the Yalpana Vaipava Malai and other historical texts of Jaffna kingdom. These Vellalar chiefs claim descent from traditional minor-kings and chiefs of Tamil Nadu. They have been commanders of Chola and Pandya armies as well as respected ministers and administrators. From the 13th century when migration of Vellalar chiefs to Jaffna took place, with the arrival of the Telugu origin Naicker rule Tamil Nadu has seen a decline in the traditional power of Vellalars except in Kongu Nadu,
        Did not elevate themselves they were elevated already part of the ancient Tamil aristocracy, the landed gentry and the upper layers of the peasantry. They were never considered as Sudra but were called Sat Sudra as the southern caste divisions were very different to the northern caste divisions and took the same positions of the Kshatriyas in the north Indian caste division, Just like the Reddi and Naicker were in Andhra.
        This man is posting lots of nonsense.
        The Kariyar, meaning,the people who lived on the shores not the Paravans. Thimillar or Mukuvans, largely remained outside the Brahminical/Vellala caste system and refused to come under them. They were a martial fighting people mixed with another martial caste called the Maravar or Thevar. Many were soldiers for the Jaffna kingdom. The Kurukula Kariyar are the top of these order. Typical Kurukula Kariyar names are Kurukulasooriyar, Varanakulasooriyar etc. Most Hindu temple owned and run by the Kariyars never had Brahmin priests. They had their own priests. Tamil Brahmin priests were only found in the Agamic temples run the by the Vellalar.
        Sri Lankan Tamils developed their culture in relative isolation from the great cultural centres of southern India. For centuries, Sri Lankan Tamils appear to have interacted more closely with their southern compatriots, the predominantly Buddhist Sinhalese, than with southern Indians. Apart from language and religious affiliation, Sri Lanka Tamil and Sinhalese social systems, customs, and folk religious practices resemble each other far more closely than either does to the cultures of neighbouring India. The Sri Lanka Tamils’ unique geographical and historical experience generated a distinctively Sri Lankan variant of Tamil culture—a fact that is keenly felt by Sri Lankan Tamils themselves,, who often speak of themselves as a small, unique, and deeply threatened community with no real ties to India.
        Sri Lankan Tamil affiliation is by no means merely linguistic; Sri Lankan Tamils distinguish themselves (and are so distinguished by the country’s largest ethnic population, the Sinhalese) from other Tamil-speaking groups in the region. (These are the so-called “Indian Tamils,” who are Tamil-speaking descendants of south Indian Tamil labourers who were brought to Sri Lanka to work nineteenth-century British tea plantations, as well as from the indigenous, Tamil-speaking Muslim population of Sri Lanka, called the Sri Lankan Moors.
        From this we know the caste and social structure of the Sri Lankan Tamils was and is very similar to the Sinhalese south, than to the harsh caste system in South India or for that matter the rest of India.
        The Eelam Tamil Vellalar and Brahmins treated the lower Tamil castes no less or no better than how the Sinhalese Radala and Govigamma treated the lower caste their lower castes. This man is exaggerating.

        • 1
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          paul

          you are right about the origins of the vellalas as landlords,but my contention is that they can’t be about 50% of the population if they are of high caste.The original landlords would have got swamped with others claiming that they are also landlords.When they were originally landlords and doing work for the king in positions of trust their percentage would have been maximum 10%.With their current numbers they can’t be high caste or low caste,but probably middle caste.I too had a ancestor who owned lands and used to go in a chariot with horses and people would come and gawk at him when he passes by.How many would you get like that in a population?
          Now the people who were gawking also must be calling themselves vellalar.Don’t think i’am boasting because on my fathers side i also have ancestors who were dirt poor too.so i know both sides of the coin.

          • 0
            0

            should be horse drawn carriage,not chariot

        • 0
          0

          The Vēlir chiefs/heroes are the subject of many puram poems, and were considered to be chiefs of hill tribes, who frequently indulged in cattle raids into the plains… What is clear about these chiefs is that they held their own lands in relative independence from the ‘crowned kings’ and that the Tamil country was dotted with numerous such tribal principalities clustered around modern Salem, Dharmapuri, Pudukkottai, Nagercoil, Kanyakumari districts and the hilly districts of Kerala…the poems do not indicate that the Vēlir were the chieftains of the agricultural tracts.

          Therefore, Velir and Vellalar are not necessarily the same. How did the ir become lalar.

          (Also, the indigenous war ships is the coastal culture and technology).

    • 0
      5

      No it just means your comprehension skills are limited.

      Vellalaism means the Vellala tamils oppressed and abused the lower castes of Tamils. For that they need to control the jaffna and all businesses, education institutes and religious institutes. They could do that very well with the British. Because British only meant business and let the Vellalas to continue with their private fiefdom where they can abuse and oppress the non vellalas.

      Things changed for the Vellalas with the universal suffrage and finally when SL gained independance. SL governments then took measures to solve this inequality in Jaffna.
      Temple Ordinance act in 1957 and allowing the non vellalas to go to schools, letting them to do government jobs. This irked the Vellalas. They learnt if they wanted to maintain their powerful status in the peninsula like they did in british time they needed to carve out a personal fiefdom specially for vellalas.

      It is this need that gave rise to Tamil Separatism. When Sirimavo B came to Jaffna she was attacked by a bomb to her car, but she was saved because a rally of low castes wanted to meet her to discuss the abuses they undergo by the Vellalas.

      Research into the history of SL tamil conflict gives interesting insights on how Vellalaism gave birth to Vellala separatism and how it ultimately changed into Tamil separatism.

      Ironically after triggering a murderers ethnic conflict these vellalas went abroad while the non vellalas and the indian immigrants in North waged war against the SL government the very entity that stood for them.

  • 4
    7

    Another load of rubbish by HLDM.The rest of the drill to follow is predictable going by experience.Step 2 will be an avalanche of comments by those who disagree.Step 3 will see the entrance over and over again of Edwin Rodrigo(who is actually Mahindapala himself) and voila the comments will rise to anything between 240 to 270 ! Step 4 Edwin Rodrigo goes gradually silent.
    The point is do not these commentators realize they are wasting their precious time by a)reacting to this useless piece and b) reacting to Rodrigo aka Mahindapala? Cool story bro:)

  • 9
    3

    This man s favourite subject is writing about vellala… my god.. what sicky man as if he has nothing better to do. These are the men that would die being unable to realize at least 10% of this life.

  • 7
    5

    This man talks about vellalahs who are they. Are they inhabitants of Srilanka. The man has gone mad. Can anyone help him. May Allah come to his aid.

    • 0
      0

      No we should not help him as Tuan is going to die like a dog in the street. Tuan is counting his days.

  • 4
    4

    This man talks about vellalahs who are they. Are they inhabitants of Srilanka. The man has gone mad. Can anyone help him. May Allah come to his aid. Allah almighty please forgive this imbecile for he does not realize that he is a sinner.

  • 4
    4

    This man talks about vellalahs who are they. Are they inhabitants of Srilanka. The man has gone mad. Can anyone help him. May Allah come to his aid. Allah almighty please forgive this imbecile for he does not realize that he is a sinner.This is the main fault of the sinners.they commit these without realising what they are doing.The Satan has taken him over only You Allah can redeem him so we pray to you.

    • 1
      1

      PROUDMAN

      “The Satan has taken him over only You Allah can redeem him so we pray to you.”

      Amarasiri was under the impression that Satan had taken over only the Wahhabies and their clones only.

      Is Satan expanding his base now? Did Satan take over the Vellahalas as well?

      • 1
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        Amarasiri are you a clone of izeth hussien???

  • 9
    2

    With a very thin material and a lot of hearsay and made up stuff Mahindapala lives on. Mahindapala portrays his friens Sunderalinagm as a guardian angel of non-Vellala Tamils. The man himself is from a high caste background, I really like to know about his views in caste matters in his other dealing.

    As a non-Vellala Jaffna Tamil, I am well aware of the nature of ‘ceratin’ Vellala people. It was not all of them. Not all Buddhists can be judged based on BBS, not all Southern people can be tied with Mahinda and Mervyn.

    Without a host of Vellala youth who stood with the so called low caste Tamils the caste fences wouldn’t have been broken to this level.

    /Loud-mouths like Dr. Sam Pari, a middle-aged Tamil activist from Sydney, went to Vanni, signed up to be a card-carrying member of the LTTE, took some pictures with the LTTE high command and flew back to her air-conditioned home in New South Wales, Australia to boast about her contribution to the victims of “the Sinhala-governments” – the primary source that was feeding and caring for the Tamils held as hostages by her “Suriya Devan”. /

    Now, what does this have to do with the ‘title’ of this verbal cholera?

    Remember that Mahindapala spews venom and does everything to destroy any chance to restore the basic rights to Tamils writes all this from his air-conditioned house in Melbourne. Irony, eh!

    • 1
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      he is talking about how vellala caste mentality gave birth to separatism in SL

      • 2
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        No not really, Sach SC/ST,

        SC/ST Pala has a Hegelian swollen head.
        There are maggots in that cap.

  • 9
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    HLD M and Prof. Hoole’s incisive critique on dehumanising Jaffna casteism serves as a reformative agent in their march towards modernism and Tamils should be grateful.

    Soma

    • 8
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      soma,

      your condescending words are pathetic! The casteism is abhorrent and inhumane. The Tamils addressed this issue in various ways. Chief among them was the LTTE that completely pulverised that mindset! Credit should also be given to TULF that short-listed and promoted people from lower castes for parliamentary membership.

      The TULF scored near 90% polling from North and the East was not far behind! The TNA scored handsomely despite many insidious propaganda from the MR regime. So, Soma, please keep your pathetic comments to yourself.

      My opinion is that the destiny of the Tamils in Sri Lanka lies with them forging a common identity with the Sinhala. However, this should be contingent on recognising the Tamil history and their desire to share power with the Sinhala. I believe that present regime is cognisant of this fact and working towards achieving just that!

      Mahindapala is a downright bigot; he will be the last person who would do anything to help the Tamils. Hoole has an axe to grind due to personal disappointments involving the Jaffna university. The north is a different place now and Tamils are asserting themselves post-war democratically and it is more powerful than violent expression!

      • 6
        8

        “The north is a different place now and Tamils are asserting themselves post-war democratically and it is more powerful than violent expression!”

        Thanks to Rajapaksha.

        Soma

  • 5
    7

    H. L. D. Mahindapala

    RE:Violent Vellahlas Despised & Oppressed The Tamils

    Some Summary points. Velahalas Exposed. Expose, expose and expose.

    1. ” the casteist politics of the violent Vellahlas.”

    2. “Both officials were fighting for the restoration of human dignity and equality denied to the Tamils by the Vellahlas.”

    3. “Both fought for the rights of the oppressed Tamils, and for the removal of historical injustices and imbalances caused by the entrenched forces of oppressive Vellahlas. And both had to face the violent politics of the Vellahlas – the most powerful force within the overarching power of the ruling state, in colonial and post-colonial times.”

    4. “It is this overdeterminig force that was holding Jaffna back.”

    5. “Their supremacy did not go beyond the borders of the peninsula. The Vadukoddai Resolution was to extend their powers beyond the borders of Jaffna.”

    6. “But they resisted any move to change the systemic fundamentals of their feudal structures that would grant equality and dignity to the oppressed Tamils.”

    7. ” Consequently, reformists like Zwaardecoon and Sunderalingam had to face the hostile reactions of the aggressive Vellahlas fighting back to preserve their feudal fortress in Jaffna.”

    8. “The Vellahlas, who controlled the commanding heights of socio-economic establishment of Jaffna, from land to temples, readily accepted the material goods and services that enhanced and reinforced their power and privileges.”

    9. “But they resisted any move to change the systemic fundamentals of their feudal structures that would grant equality and dignity to the oppressed Tamils.” “The administrators bent on reforming Jaffna society ran into the impenetrable Chinese Wall of Vellahlaism that ringed round the peninsula.”

    10. “Delving deep into the politics and power of Vellahlas, Neville Jayaweera, Government Agent of Jaffna (1963 – 1966), reveals the hostile reaction of the Vellahlas resisting reforms in his memoir, Jaffna, Exorcising the Past and Holding the Vision, An autobiographical reflection on the ethnic conflict. Armed with the Prevention of Social Disabilities Act of 1957 – the only bit of radical legislation available to alleviate the misery of the oppressed castes of Jaffna – he was hoping to mobilise the local forces to uplift the Tamils oppressed by the “evil” forces of Vellahlaism. But he found that the 11 MPs, the key power-brokers of Jaffna which included S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, the great champion of the Tamils, were very backward in coming forward to implement the reformist laws. Reason: All MPs were Vellahlas! Even at the administrative level he could not go very far.”

    11. “No surprise there either because they too were all Vellahlas. (Ibid — p.142). The available evidence proves that from the time of the Dutch to the time of Sunderalingam, and even later, the Vellahlas ganged up against the other castes to preserve their supremacy. The Vellahlas were committed primarily to protect the interests of the Vellahlas and not the Tamils who were oppressed by them from feudal times. It was against the political culture of the Vellahlas to let the non-Vellahlas be their equal.”

    12. “He said: “Changes are necessary so that many thousands of people should no longer suffer by the oppression of the Bellales, who are very proud and despise all other castes.” (Memoirs of Zwaardecoon, 1697 – p. 27). This underscores the fact that the Vellahlas were not only the dominant power of Jaffna but also “the oppressors” of the non-Vellahla Tamils.”

    13. “Zwaardecoon identifies the two main characteristics of “the proud Bellales” – 1) the despising of the non-Vellahla Tamils as subhuman pariahs unfit for their superior company and 2) the permanent political culture of oppression that reduced the non-Vellahla Tamils to subhumans. Both go hand in hand to buttress each other. It was this oppressive culture of the Vellahlas that reigned supreme in Jaffna.”

    14.”If a Tamil coming out of Oxford can despise a section of his own people as a subhuman race and keep them out of their inner circle because of an imagined sense of superiority, endorsed, of course, by the ruling religious ideology, then it means that 1) the evils of casteism had dug deep roots into the political culture of Jaffna poisoning the minds at the highest levels and 2) its inhuman consequences had stripped the basic rights of the ordinary Tamils to live as human beings with dignity. Denial of dignity and equality by the upper layers of Jaffna to its lower layers laid the foundations for the fascist culture that dehumanized Jaffna society. The Tamil victims of the insufferable indignities and inequalities tragically found no escape from the karmic hell created by their Vellahla masters.”

    15. “The Sinhalese too had their own castes but scholarly consensus confirm that Buddhism had humanised the caste system in the south. Vellahlaism, on the contrary, turned Saivite casteism into a fascist cult in which human beings were religiously deprived of their right to be a human being with even a modicum of dignity. The Vellahlas dehumanised the oppressed Tamils by reducing them into invisible zeroes that did not count in any respect, except to serve them as obedient servants. They despised their fellow-human beings to the point of denying them even the right to walk in daylight.”

    16. “The casteist passions, political intransigence, the despising of non-Vellahla Tamils and the humiliating oppression of the non-Vellahlas coagulated into a mass of self-destructive extremism. The “suffering of the many thousands of Tamils” was caused by this oppressive political culture. The contradictions and the tensions of the peninsular political culture arose from the intransigent refusal of the Vellahlas to face the necessary changes for the good of all. The diminishing and/or the elimination of the feudal powers of the Vellahlas was a sine qua non for the welfare of all Tamils. Therein lies the rub. The Vellahlas resisted any changes to their casteist status quo.”

    16. “Consequently, any proposed reforms to change or diminish entrenched Vellahla power resulted inevitably in a violent reaction from the Vellahlas. This explains why the other two Tamil-speaking communities were able to resolve their differences with the majority Sinhalese non-violently, within the democratic framework. Resolving issues non-violently with the Muslims and the estate Tamils was possible because they were focused on specific issues that were negotiable and not intransigent and insatiable issues like power sharing which were intractable and highly volatile.”

    17. “Muslim and estate Tamils raised issues that granted them their place as citizens sharing a common territory and destiny within a democratic framework. They were not demanding territorial power bases to establish a separate state. The Vellahlas, on the other hand, were out to get a separate political enclave to maintain their feudal/casteist supremacy. The cries of “50-50”, federalism, Eelam were raised by the Vellahlas for the Vellahlas. It was, of course, disguised as a demand of the minorities opposed to discrimination by the majority Sinhalese. This anti-Sinhala-Buddhist story of “discrimination” is another one of the tall tales that should be told in detail on another day.”

    18. “Externally, separatism took a different complexion. When separatism transited into the national arena it dropped the regional casteist characteristics and took on the racist colouring (they disguised it as a minority vs. majority issue) to broaden the political base. Casteism divided communal entities into fragments. Racism united divided communities and pitted them against the other communities. The ultimate expression of Vellahla racism was wrapped in the Vadukoddai Resolution. It was a declaration of war to divide the nation on racist lines. S. J. V. Chelvanayakam, the leader of Tamil racist separatism, took it to the extreme when he refused to buy a house in Colombo fearing that the liberal / cosmopolitan culture of the south will pollute the Tamil purity of his children. “

    19. “The tragedy in all this that the Vellahlas built the wall and fled to greener pastures abroad leaving the Tamils they despised to fight their Vadukoddai War. They were hoping to ride into power on the backs of the low-caste poor fighting on their behalf. Their tactic was to remote control their Vadukoddai War from London, Toronto, Paris, Oslo and Melbourne etc. They were not willing to risk their lives. As usual the Vellahlas were getting their dirty work done by the non-Vellahlas.”

    20. “The late Kumar Ponnambalam had thirteen Mercedes Benzes in Colombo and he was complaining about the lack of transport for the Tamils in the Vanni. His father, G. G. Ponnambalam, would not let a low-caste constituent from his electorate in Jaffna cross his gate in Colombo. He would chase them away telling them to go to his office in Jaffna, according to one of the lawyers in his chambers, Sunil Rodrigo, former Chairman of Lake House.”

    21. “Regional separatism of the Vellahlas on a caste basis and separatism on a national scale based on racism caused irreparable damage mainly to the Tamils who had to face the brunt of the purblind Vellahla leadership that led the Tamils all the way to Nandikadal.”

    22. “Neither the Dutch nor the British records indicate that the Vellahlas had espoused the cause of the Tamils either as a bonded Hindu community or as a Tamil-speaking collective in Jaffna sharing common values. If they cried for Hinduism it was for the Saivism of the Vellahlas and not that of the Tamils who were kept out of Vellahla temples.”

    23. “This explains why the concept of nationalism was late in coming to the Vellahlas. They were primarily a self-centred, insular, navel-gazing collective focused only on the immediate threats to their power and positions. In the colonial period, “Tamil nationalism”, which could have united all layers of society in a common front against alien regimes, was never a part of the political agenda of the Vellahlas. Sir. Ponnambalam Ramanathan went to London to urge the colonial masters to legalise casteism. But he never pressed for “Tamil nationalism”. It didn’t exist. The only ideology that moved them was Vellahlaism.”

    24. “As Vellahlaism began to lose its legitimacy they put on the Emperor’s clothes of “nationalists” to make them look respectable and acceptable in the eyes of the world. “Tamil nationalism” was a fashionable disguise to market Vellahlaism as a new political force that would be acceptable to all layers of Jaffna divided on casteist lines. Nationalism was also the only alternative ideology to anachronistic Vellahlaism which had gone past its use-by-date.”

    25. “By and large, the history of Jaffna consisted of the colonial rulers and the oppressed Tamils battling the Vellahlas. It was only when the Vellahlas feared that the post-colonial governments would be a threat to them, particularly without the patronage of the colonial masters, that they took to Tamil nationalism. It also served as an alternative ideology to out dated Vellahlaism.”

    Summary: “In short, the history of Jaffna has been a history of perennial caste struggles. If you take out the Vellahla mini-wars waged to keep the low-castes under their jackboots the history of Jaffna would be as flat and dry as its landscape. The tragedy, however, is that it is the poor, despised and oppressed people of Jaffna who had to pay with their blood, sweat and tears for all the wars launched by the Vellahlas, including the one that ended in Nandikadal.”

    Thank you. Learning more and more about Vellahlas history. So many points to ponder.

    Where do I start?

    Did the Vellahlas worship Satan?

    Explains why the Tamils could not adopt Buddhism. It would have destroyed the Vellahala Hegemony. This article also explains why the Vellahalas show Racism to Tami speaking Muslims as well, probably they see them as non-Vellahalas.

  • 8
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    Ah so poor H L D Mahindapalas fetish with Vellahlas continues,poor chap lives in Australia,does not want to leave its comforts,has a Tamil wife,supports Mahinda mama so writes garbage ;-)

    Tell us H L D Mahindapala,is your wife a Vellahla ? if so was she violent towards you ?

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      Amarasiri are you a clone of izeth hussien???

    • 1
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      Amarasiri are you a clone of izeth hussien???
      or HLDM ???

  • 11
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    .
    Mahinda Pala….

    Are you talking about Vellala Kadirgamar? Is that the reason Rajapakse’s refused him the PM’s post?

    :-)

  • 8
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    Let me put it in this way this way. The Vellalar is not a society for casteist or hatred purposes. Lol. “Its a simple, beautiful and secular society.” , THATS ALL MAHINDAPALA! In total they are some 10 million in south asia – some 9 million in Tamil Nadu that make 12% of the 80 million population there… and 1 million in Jaffna and East. However in Jaffna & East they make up 50% of the population. Why would a numerical majority especially in Jaffna espouse caste hatred openly which doesn’t make sense to me or anyone reading your nonsense ?? Because of the 3 decade war maybe a 15-25% has migrated and lives abroad. With the new Jaffna International airport to come open next year they will be happy to return and live in Jaffna now. Such is our society. We like to distance us from the Sinhalese and prefer to called as the Jaffnese society or the Northern Tamils. Chennai Express are some bollywood movies made with indirect analogies to the Vellalar society. Just because a few old timers of Jaffna directly espouse hatred even today doesn’t mean you ought to write articles against this caste on a vicious agenda. Lol Back in the days our grandparents may have practised caste hatred openly. But the ‘Next Gen’ don’t dwell on the business of caste ANYMORE except when it comes to marriages or selecting a suitable partner. Using feudalism to describe us is quite wrong, back in the days and even now owning a few acres of land meant immense pride. It used to be talk of the town who owned which part of the cultivable land or land near to the regional town. Whether if its because of the thesawalamai law of Jaffna or not, today most of peninsular Jaffna’s land is STILL owned by Vellalars. Land ownership is central of prestige over here. Lol. Non-Vellalar too own very few land and yes its huge competition!!

    Of course we want to develop our people of this Northern region but we are not into the show business. Lol. Our marriages are very simple here.
    The Sri Lankan constitution or the Sinhalese to give dignity to the 21 million of this country right.. S don’t blame on the Vellalar for the limited success of low castes. Lol. India has the “Reservation System” that is HUGELY responsible for empowering backward/low castes and Dalits. Reservation is still today a very sensitive subject to discuss in India. If not for reservation, India would be a very fragmented and broken society. So Mahindapala nigger implement this or ask your Govi brethen in parliment to implement the reservation system, so low castes get jobs virtually in every sector in Sri lanka. Let them become wealthy and upgrade their status within our society & not continue their traditional jobs such as plucking coconuts from trees. dhobi or manual scavenging..

    Tamil Nadu, where our large vellalar society lives in India is the most Urbane state in south asia. 2nd most developed by GDP among 28 states of India, just after Maharastra which is ranked #1. Our vellalar boys and girls are today not learning to espouse caste hatred but generally can be classfied as a street society in love. We don’t disturb others and others don’t disturb us anymore. There is absolutely no caste hatred, just because during old Mahindapalas time he might have met some sick caste espousing Jaffna guys doesn’t mean 99% of us are casteist war mongers in unity. Lol

    So why don’t you visit Jaffna again and see for yourself where our society and the next gen have become like ? People of low castes in Jaffna have moved to Colombo and found a living there. Thereis mobility and just the reservation system is lacking to strengthen them indefinitely like its been done in India for the past 6 decades. Even in Tamil Nadu they have laws like anybody can visit a temple or become a priest. (a job traditionally practiced by the Tamil Brahmin caste) Such laws are absent in Sri Lanka, Mahindapala ?? You ought to know your limits when you write on the Vellalar society. Check your facts how it is in Tamil Nadu
    today. Lol. You pinpoint the fact that the estate Tamils of which the majority are low caste Tamils still today work for very low pay and extreme hard conditions in Hatton. You still treat them worser than dogs because they are low caste Tamils. Similarly how did you treat low caste innocent Tamils of Mullaitivu when you shelled artillery over them and killed tens of thousands in a matter of weeks. For fun, was it done you old f*rt ?

    Remember it is via bringing new laws can you strengthen the pitiful nature of low castes. Let them be successful and share the success stories with their caste brethren and thrive. We have nothing against that. Remember again the Next Gen is different from your old fashioned thinking.

    Low castes make 60% of Jaffna population Today which is some ‘6 lakhs’. But you don’t have the time to write about Sinhala low castes that make 50% of Sinhala population which total to 7-8 million. Hurray Jackpot!!!
    Its funny you want to speak about 5 lakhs low caste Tamils of Jaffna compared to 7-8 low castes in the South ???

    • 4
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      V.T.M

      I think it is people like MahindPala who devoted themselves for highlited the true nature of this abhorrent castism that finally set it in a declining path.

      Soma

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        soma,

        Total nonsense! Mahidapala is busy trying to mitigate the Sinhala aggression towards the Tamils by diverting the subject. He is endeavouring to show that the Sinhala rescued the lower caste Tamil people! In reality, the Sinhala systematically reduced the Tamils to a second class status regardless of caste denomination! The Tamils resisted this collectively and this is the fact. So, soma, please do not try to educate us with nonsense!

        • 3
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          She is an anti Tamil another Mahindapala who also wants to mitigate Sinhalese aggression towards the Tamils and deny their granting just rights and self determination to their areas by shedding crocodile tears about the plight of Tamils and making bogus claims about what will happen to the Tamils if they are granted their just rights and self determination

  • 10
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    MR.HLDM – Suggest you write these article in Tamil dailies like
    “Veerakesary or Uthayan and not waste the valuable columns on CT
    as other writers too would like to write on more important matters
    affecting the country.

  • 6
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    Sad but mostly true.

  • 7
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    Hey Tuan, you should not look at dirt of Tamils. you should look the back yards of Mahinda Rajapaksa, Shiranthi Rajapaksa, Namal, Roshita and Gotabaya Rajapaksa.

    you are born to clean them.

  • 7
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    Well, things are back to the usual form. This is how things are like today.

    The post-war years have seen the ascendancy of caste-based discrimination in the Jaffna society. Schools are locations of caste-based oppressions. Children are often discriminated based on their caste backgrounds in the classrooms and in appointments to leadership positions. They are discouraged in their efforts to furthering their education by reminding them of their social status. The appointment of teachers and principals in schools are also subject to caste politics. Those from the dominant caste protest against the appointment of teachers and administrators who belong to oppressed castes.

    http://www.dailynews.lk/?q=2015/11/18/features/reclaiming-education

  • 8
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    I say Mahindapala, why don’t you disappear and save us the pain of seeing the real estate of this website being polluted by your codswallop?

    Just saying.

    • 5
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      Ivor Biggun

      Does the Truth hurt?

      If H L D Mahindapala is not telling the the truth about Vellahala and Vellahalaism, can you please correct him, point by point, so that others who do not know the truth can learn the truth towards moving the inhabitants of the Land of Native Vedddh Aethho, populated by Vellahalas and non-Vellahalas alike, to an Egalitarian society, so that each individual inhabitant can achieve glory, in intelligence or stupidity, on his or her capabilities?

      A lot of people are curious about the truth.

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        Amare
        Frankly I don’t read anything this despicable man writes, so I wouldn’t know whether it is the truth or not, or whether it hurts. I was just suggesting that he bugger off from this forum and save us from his evil pen.

        BTW, you have not gotten any less verbose from what I can see….. remember mate, brevity is the soul of wit!
        Cheers

      • 0
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        Hey amarasiri
        are you a clone of HLDM
        or are you trying to get on to his family??

    • 9
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      Tamils don’t like any one digging their dirty laundry.

      This is not dirty laundry, animal behaviour, need to evolve.

    • 1
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      But, he lives here because of Colombo Telegraph. Let him go and vomit in The Island and Lankaweb.

  • 10
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    I think the Tamil culture picks on the most weakest elements in their society.

    There cannot be any other culture treat their own children and women this pathetic way!

    Tamil women and children were cannon fodder once. Now they are in the receiving end of caste discrimination!

    This is the kind of a gutter culture that is creating a burden on everyone.

    I explained to my grand daughters, born in Canada, that their grandmother’s elders came from India to work in Ceylon, and also returned to India with their savings, walking through the snake-infested, malarial forests of the Vanni. They could not even comprehend it. “Why wouldn’t they take the train, or something like the Greyhound bus”? Till almost the end of the 1940s, many estate workers did not dare to take the train, even if they had the money. If they managed to procure a ticket, they would only stay in the train till about Vavuniya or before. Once the train enters the “Tamil areas”, they knew that they could be beaten and thrown out of the moving train, with truly tragic results. Even in walking through the Vanni, they had to follow designated paths, avoiding high-caste villages, camp for the night and take water only from designated locations. Such locations could be suddenly torched and “cleansed” by zealous upper-caste Tamils who may even be Christians. Or, the walkers may have to do some work for a Periya-dorei, free of charge, to secure right of passage. Even in more recent times, low-caste train passengers going beyond Vavuniya knew the perils. Amazingly, no social scientists or “human-rights” researchers have bothered about delving into such matters.

    http://www.srilankaguardian.org/2011/07/keeping-tamil-culture-and-uprooting.html

    • 6
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      Vibhushana the imbecile,

      It looks as if you have given up on falsifying history and now finding other ways to disparage the Tamils! The Sinhala systematically using their superior numbers and democracy as cover, reduced the Tamils as second class citizens. This is your achievement to cherish! You could not compete with the Tamils educationally, economically and continuous social advancement. Such people now talk about caste system within the Tamils and at the same time downplay their caste conscious society that has the Buddhist clergy severed along the caste lines! The national dailies are filled with adverts seeking partners for matrimony along the caste lines! How pathetic!

      • 8
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        The Sinhala systematically using their superior numbers and democracy as cover, reduced the Tamils as second class citizens.

        Typical gutter response!

        Your culture treat each other like animals you donkey! That includes treating your own children like filth.

        When you behave like savages its not appropriate to complain about “discrimination” towards you by others – isn’t it?

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          Tamils are like muslims.

          If they employ a dalit girl as the servant, they rape her.

          that is how they treat children.

          In Yapapatuna, most of the time, it is the educated Tamils who get caught raping servant girls.

          • 2
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            Jim,

            If you have nothing to say, you say nothing! That way you will not expose your stupidity and ignorance. May be that you are not even wise enough to do just that!

          • 6
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            Hey Jimmy boy softly,

            It is you guys who keep sending your wives, mothers, sisters and daughters to the Muslim countries as servants – for the master’s to do what ever they want with them, including finally murdering them!

            Didn’t MR’s election manifesto include 50,000 new “servant” opportunities abroad – and didn’t you guys eagerly vote to send your mothers, daughters, sisters and wives just for a handful of dinars?!

            That was the success story of the Sinhala nationalism.

            You say “it is the educated Tamils who get caught raping servant girls” Now that Abrew guy from Mt.Laveniya — was that a Tamil?

          • 5
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            jim softy

            Why don’t you read your Sinhala daily Newspapers? Very frequently we see news about Sinhala men sending their wives to the middle-east and raping their own daughters. Even uncivilized savages do not do what the Sinhalese are doing to their own kind.

        • 3
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          Vibushana,

          I suggest you leave the Tamils alone, without
          chomping at the bit to take a swipe at them.
          Maybe you can make use of any spare time at your
          disposal to help with national reconciliation, instead
          of posting hateful comments.

          • 1
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            This old fart Vibhushana is famous for shooting repeated puss vedi from his rear end. The poor fellow always he runs away leaving his amude whenever someone confronts his ‘Puss vedi’ and most of the time he is caught with his pants down below his knees. The readers take Vibhushana’s repeated ‘Puss vedi’ just for a fart because everybody know that he cannot argue back. He simply repeats the same old comments and then run away and hide if someone argue back or comes up with a fake website to prove what he blabbers.

        • 0
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          Vibhushana the imbecile,

          I have got under your skin! You have nothing constructive to say as usual and resorting to abuse! It shows as to how hollow you are indeed. Thanks very much for exposing yourself in a public forum!

          • 1
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            LOL when he simply pasted a para that your low caste tamil had written. SO it is not written by him, but by a low caste tamil.

            So are you calling the low caste tamil and imbecile for what he wrote?

            It is amazing to know how tamils react when their tribal nature is exposed

            • 2
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              sachoooooooooooooo the stupid II

              What is the difference between you and a knife?

      • 1
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        LOL compete with tamils on education and economy? are you mad?

        The only fellows in tamils who received an education was only a vellala section. How much the tamils tried they could not over power the sinhalese in any field. The maximum they could attain even in education was like 30%.

        I know these tamils live in a fantasy world thinking they are some superior buggers. but when the reality hit them they act like cry babies.

        Much like the LTTE supporters who talk about HR now after funding and sponsoring a savage war for 30 years.

        • 2
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          Poor such!

          I say it again that the Sinhala could not compete with the Tamils in all sectors. The history stands as testament to that! I know it is hard to digest this but I am sorry to have hurt your feelings!

          • 1
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            yeah yeah..30% maximum in all the sectors is truly overpowering the sinhalese.

            This further establishes what the Mahindapala is saying about the tamils, actually the SL tamils most. These people live in a constant urge of feeling superior to others. That is why they bring a false history and that is why they went to London and requested the British to not allow universal suffrage and legalise caste system.

            It is a mental issue. If a single person or few people have that, we can fix it with a psychiatric. when a whole community like SL tamils have that it is difficult to handle. And the result is what SL went through for 30 years.

            The well funded LTTE dieing like cats in a lagoon after a 2.5 years of campaign has not really given them any sense.

            • 2
              0

              such,

              You admitted on these forum that you are a racist! Hence, everything you write is contrary to objectivity!

              The Sinhala onetime accused the Tamils as a privileged community. The Sinhala Only was brought in and compelled the Tamils to learn Sinhala while systematically putting pressure on the Tamils to leave the country. The newly decolonised African countries benefitted from the Tamil exodus. The Standardisation scheme was brought in to limit the Tamil university entrances! Two major anti-Tamil riots consumed many established Tamil businesses. Came on Mr such, I can go on!

              No matter much you beat the Tamils down, we will rise above it!

              • 0
                3

                BI,

                I have never been a racist and am not a racist. But I am proudly racist towards SL tamils. Because you cannot live with those unjust racist tribals without being racist. So if i am being racist to you, remember that is just pay back.

                The accusation was simply a reaction without understanding the real issue. yes the tamils held power more than their numerical strength thanks to the British and the system then. Are you saying that is just? Are you saying a community holding power over a majority is a just system.

                That was what we had. And that was changed with the universal suffrage in 1922 with vote per one person. When the tamils started losing the power and the power got distributed on a far more equitable line the tamils started crying discrimination.

                So there is no tamil discrimination., it is the LOSS of power and loss of privilege by Vellala tamils that is pointed out as discrimination.

                After all the so called standardization came in 1970 and it was corrected in 1972. It did not exist that long. The tamils are trying to coerce everyone else by mere bullying.

                • 1
                  0

                  such,

                  One is either a racist or not! You are angry that the Tamils are not obedient and docile.

                  The charge that the British favoured the Tamils in state employments was pulverised in the discussion that took place in one of the forums of Groundviews. The British did not establish the Christian schools in Jaffna. It was the American missionaries who were sent there to be out-of-the-way did! The British did not want the Americans in Colombo due to disharmony existed at that time between the Brits and Americans as a result of the American civil war!

                  The Tamils took advantage of such schools and educated themselves. The educated English speaking Tamil people multiplied in numbers. I am not a Vellala but the community I represent excelled in education and enormously benefitted from the state employments. The British simply employed the able civil servants on merits. I agree that Tamils occupied the state employments disproportionately and that needed addressing. This could have been achieved through advancing the Sinhala through educational progress. By bringing in the Sinhala Only, the country plunged itself on a precipice of degrading quality of civil service personnel.

                  The fact remains that the Sinhala enforced the majority hegemony on the Tamils. They justified this through falsifying history. They used democracy as cover and subjected the Tamils to their language and religion. Systemic discrimination on the basis of language and disproportionate colonisations of the Tamils areas with state-aided sinhala-only colonies speak volumes. The vicissitude of state-aided communal programs exacerbated the Tamil psyche and resulting in their cage mentality. The voting patterns of Tamils within the N&E showed that they embraced the 1948 constitution in the hope that the Sri Lanka will remain a secular and plural country. But what really transpired is very regrettable!

                  You conveniently call the Tamils actions as tribal! This is totally unfathomable because all that the Sinhala did since independence have been tribal! Just look at the post-independence history. The 1948 secular constitution is no more and instead, there is Sinhala Buddhist centric constitution. There were no consultations whatsoever with the minorities! The Minorities have to toe the lines otherwise there are regarded as tribal and racists! What a logic!

                  I am at a loss to comprehend as to what exactly made you a racist towards the Tamils! What did they do wrong? You can point your fingers at the LTTE but they only materialised in the mid seventies! Hence your real point of contention is that the Tamils should be docile and accept the Sinhala Buddhist Hegemony! I think that you need to grow up in every sense don’t you?

            • 2
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              Sad Sach,

              You must be kidding when you say “These people (Tamils) live in a constant urge of feeling superior to others”!

              To the contrary, it is the Sinhalese (at least the chauvinistic Sinhala Buddhist extremists in Political leadership) who live in a constant compulsive mind-set of “inferiority complex” and as a result it seems like every one else is “superior” in their minds, whether it be Tamils, Hindus, Muslims, Christians, what- have-you.

              Is that not the reason why you, even the utterly brown and black skinned Hambantota thugs, including those mongoloids now in hibernation, want to be recognized as Aryan’s?

              Remember JR pointing out that his proboscis had some weird resemblance to that of the North Indian hybrids to claim the Aryan authenticity, having completely ignored the proud “Kandyan hospitality” factor that helped propagate a stream of blue-blood, white skin and long-nose in the host families? Any chance you and MPala having done some research on this?!

              May be I should also remind you of all the damsels you are so willingly exporting to the Middle east in the same vein, and expect to see a hoard of podi-podi Aryan’s running around the countryside for generations to come! And then you can use that too to establish the Aryan descent.

              Does that Kandyan (and now the Middle-East focused) hospitality factor help explain to you that the problem was one of the “domestic’s” inferiority complex, and how that same complex was behind you imagining that the others had superiority complex!

              You need to get these fundamentals right before you can even begin to dream of doing historic research that is obviously way beyond you.

              And, that is the proud ancestry of the vile Sinhala Buddhist extremist nationalism, my boy!

              • 0
                2

                Lets see who else see this tamils as suffering from this illness.
                1. trying to steal others history
                2. trying to bully others and make them toe their line.

                why do the tamils try to claim other’s history? because as they have nothing for themselves so to feel superior they they try to steal it. This is an illness among only tamils, not even muslims or even burgers have this illness or any other ethnicity in this world.

                take cambodia, youtube is filled with videos saying temples there belongs tamils. Thelengu people’s history is stolen by tamils, actually the cholas are of Thelungu origin but how many knows that?

                Jesus is tamil, sanskrit came from tamil, if someone , somewhere does something, hey he is tamil…what is this nonsense? I have never seen any community with such urge to seek attention.

                There must be something wrong with tamil parenting, producing kids who are inferior inside where they claim everything on earth. grow up

                • 1
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                  [Jesus is tamil, sanskrit came from tamil, if someone , somewhere does something, hey he is tamil…what is this nonsense? I have never seen any community with such urge to seek attention. ]

                  Tamils never claimed Vijaya as Tamil and Modavamsa stupid history is Tamil History. you hybrids stolen pattini worshp, kathirgamam murugan worship from Tamils. you stolen most of the ட்amil words like Iyam as Iyama claiming as Sinhalese words. your language is corruption of Tamil and Sanskrit. it is not a pure one.

                  However you hybrids can not claim or own as yours.

                • 2
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                  Oh Sad Sach,

                  What you seem to be doing is not “research” – you are merely digging through trash bins of tabloid material for rumor mongering!

                  If that is not the case, please cite any of the credible sources to substantiate your accusations that

                  (1) Tamils claim other’s history as their own,

                  (2) Tamils claim the Cambodian temples as Tamil temples (of course they are Hindu temples – but that is not what your accusation was. Also, perhaps you should go to Kathragama and “research” how authentic the Buddhist’s claim of Ganapathi deiyo and Vishnu deiyo turn out to be! Or for that matter the origin of celebrations such as the Buddhist New Year!!

                  (3) Tamils claim that Jesus is a Tamil

                  (4) Tamils claim that Sanskrit came from Tamil. (Tamil is indeed the oldest living language still in common use, whereas Latin and Sanskrit are among the oldest languages of the past that are not in common usage anymore.)

                  Are you now not contradicting your-self from your previous stand? In your previous comment you asserted that Tamils have a superiority complex and that was the crux of the problem. Now you take a 180 degree turn to accuse that Tamil parenting has resulted in an inferiority complex, instead. Get a hold of yourself. This research thing (combined with the paranoia, based on your own inferiority complex that I pointed out earlier) is a little too far off for half-baked minds.

                  Perhaps you should have accepted one of MR’s “porin jobs” that you might be able to handle!

  • 6
    2

    You talk about caste practices that have improved so much since 1933. What are your ulterior motives ? Is it to bring in another colonialism back ?

    The series of articles you have been writing are with some truths but with more exacerbations and untruths.

    STILL YOU ARE NOT REVEALING YOUR WIFE’s & CHILDREN’S CAST AND YOUR CAST. WHY ?

    Why not you write about the casts of Sinhalese politicians both MPs and non MPS and the Prime Ministers and the Presidents since 1948 ? YOU ARE A BIG HUMBUG.
    Now for me HLDM means :[Edited out]

  • 1
    3

    Even When Most of North and Central India was buddhist Tamils chose to be Jains and walk naked. Now, they talk about seelaptikaram andmanimekala, saying every one in South India was buddhist and making those two books buddhist too.

    It is Tamils who were kali-worshippers and killed Tamils on the road in the name of Kali, so they were called Thuggies. Tamils are violent only against Tamils.

    Only two times Tamils were violent against others. First one one Tamil king Rajaraja…, and the second one was PabakarAn mostly against Tamils and buddhists.

    Even before the LTTE war, Tamil vellalahs used to kill Tamils in Yapapatuna because of land disputes. Forget all other aspects discrimination and they wanted to name the Northenr university as Jaffna Hindu University and a Kilinochchi campus fulfills their caste inclinations even in govt institutions supposed to be for intelligent people.

    • 4
      2

      Hey Softy,

      You seem “soft” at both ends of your anatomy – the head, and the other end!

      You talk about history – with utter imagination and absolute ignorance.

      Let’s me bring back to your memory on several recent events that may educate you on the Budhist Sinhala Nationalism that guides the country’s civility.

      Who if not Sinhala Buddhist youth, including several yellow-robed, temple-trained ones, who had the brainwave to plan kill thousands of Sri Lankans, any one aged over 50 (or was it 40?) – the JVP’s master plan?! Who else in the world would have had such bizarre mind waves?

      Who but the Nittambuwa nona would get Pakistan’s help to mercilessly slaughter tens of thousands of the country’s own Sinhala youth from all over the island just so as to keep her hold on power?!

      Who but a lotus carrying, kavun eating Sinhala Buddhist dhoby boy who would revive the bloody slaughter of another several thousands of youth when he got to power?!

      Who but the 7-elven bus-boy Buddhist Sinhala thug would bribe the Indian army to gun down hundreds of thousand of women and children in an unquenchable blood thirst?!

      Who but the most vile and violent yellow robed Buddhist Sinhala maniacs would flame down a whole Muslim village just because the morons couldn’t hold the kassippu they had clandestinely downed?!

      That is the heroic story of Sinhala Buddhist Nationalism, Softy!

      • 2
        3

        Kumar R.

        If you are educated an important person, why do you hang in these blog sites ? Just an idiot talking big.

        Buddhism understand the path is a very difficult one. A few cheevaradharins always become bad apples.

        But there were never popes like people in buddhism who instigated multiple Crusades.

        Tamils are still living in Sri lanka and Tamil thuggies with their full efforts could not achieve peelam. Instead, pabakaran was floating in muddy salt water.

        Remember Sinhala Buddhists never behaved like Ex-Yugoslavian muslims and christians who killed each other.

        It is Tamil thuggies who can not win anything because they kill their own based on caste. Only thing that unites Tamils is Tamil language which they don’t talk once they get free education from the country that they HATE and moved out to greener pastures.

        • 4
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          Yo softy,

          Why mum on the repeated mass killing by the Sinhala Buddhist Nationalist leadership of this rotten nation since independence – they mass murdered Sinhala youth, Tamil women and children, Muslim whole families, and reapeatdly in the span of the last 6 decades. This was done by no other than the vile and violent Sinhala Buddhist Nationalist hooligans, including several yellow-robed thattaya’s – starting from 1956, barely a decade after independence.

          Yes, the Tamils left in drove for greener pastures, only because the same kavun-eating modaya’s among the Sinhala Buddhist Nationalist idiots were chosen for leadership, who, realizing that that the Sinhal Buddist Nationalist dumb-asses could not compete with the Tamils in education and employment, found a sneaky ways to stop education and employment opportunities to Tamils through the now defunct “Sinhala-Only” idiocy by Banda – which her own daughter had to reverse three decades later.

          Now you guys are seething with envy as Tamils prosper in all parts of the world, while you keep sending your wives, mothers, sisters and daughters to service the Middle Eastern master’s for a hand full of Rials, while your “beach boys” service the white-skinned predators under the guise of tourism!

          That is the success story of your Sinhala Buddhist nationalism boy – go, hang around beach. You may get lucky as well!

    • 0
      0

      Native Vedda Said

      JimSofty

      “Tamils are trying to cllim YAPAPATUNA as their homeland and they tamilizing every name”

      Could you tell us the origin/etymology of YAPAPATUNA? Are you hoping that your Sinhala/Buddhist archaeologist would one day find a 2,500 year old Vijaya YAPA book shop under Nallur Temple?

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/gota-opens-new-dagoba-in-kilinochchi/

      It is still unanswered by you.

      JimSofty but pl don’t tell any hybrid/concocted story about the origin/etymology of YAPAPATUNA.

  • 5
    0

    Mr Mahindapala, for obvious reasons is not giving any credit to Prapaharan for putting an end to casteism in the Jaffna Peninsula. Casteism did not bring about the slaughter in Nandikadal, it was Prapaharan’s stupidity.

    • 3
      2

      Leonvet

      “for obvious reasons is not giving any credit to Prapaharan for putting an end to casteism in the Jaffna Peninsula. Casteism did not bring about the slaughter in Nandikadal, it was Prapaharan’s stupidity.”

      Well stated. Yes, there seem to be a lot of Stupid Tamils, with their intelligence bimodally. distributed.

      However, one cannot completely dismiss the Vellahala Castism and Racism, out right, because it was there and it is still there.

      The Story Of Two Graphs drawn by A Tamil Man: By Mahesan Niranjan

      Onion Prices and Tamil IQ Distributions

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-story-of-two-graphs-drawn-by-a-tamil-man/onioniqdistributions/

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-story-of-two-graphs-drawn-by-a-tamil-man/

      • 0
        0

        [Well stated. Yes, there seem to be a lot of Stupid Tamils, with their intelligence bimodally. distributed.]

        who is such stupid. certianly they are those who surrendered/unclaimed their home land to/from Hybrids.

  • 4
    2

    Ha Ha Ha! Now there is yet another scream of anguish from Mahindapala about Vellahla’s which – like everything else he tries to scream about – is too boring to even skim. Then a large number of comments with a small number of postive ones probably from our friend mahindapala himself! The cast system is extremely unfair. It has been around in both Sinhala and Tamil communities. In the past it was much worse but now it is mostly limited to marriage proposals in both communities. But I am glad we Vellahlas have managed to keep a poor old man occupied.

  • 2
    3

    Ahem!! where is our Edwin Rodrigo( otherwise known as HLD Mahindapala)?Oh yes where is Ed’s imaginary maid Silvestra? Taking a break with HLDM , I suppose , in an imaginary aircraft carrier or in some corner of the desert in the Middle East! We Thamiz actually foolish Singiz. Cool story bro:D

    • 2
      1

      Perhaps Edwin had another heart attack and Silvestra is busy nursing him?

  • 1
    7

    For anyone who wants to learn about SL ethnic issue, what I suggest is RESEARCH,RESEARCH, RESEARCH and RESEARCH…it will open ur eyes to many insights.

    Specially the tribal racist character of tamils

    • 4
      0

      Yes research but keep away from the Sinhala Buddhist Chauvinistic materials otherwise you will end up like such!

      • 1
        5

        Research in anything is good. My primary source of research is tamil sources..and every day i am amazed by the level of racism of tribal tamils

        • 4
          1

          Oh Sad Sach,

          You can do all the research you want – so that you can pick and choose what you like including many of the re-written history, if that comforts you. You can bury your head in the books, just so that you don’t have to acknowledge the truth right in front of you.

          However, if you want to know the truth about Sinhala leadership’s efficiency and civility in harnessing the best of the society to make country successful, you don’t need to go much longer than the history since independence!

          Until Banda cunningly enticed the whole mass of kavun-kanna yodaya’s that depriving Tamils of education will enable Sinhala youth to get all the jobs in the country, the country was considered the best in the Southern hemisphere – and the most developed nations were queuing up to pay handsomely and hire Sri Lankan doctors, lawyers, accountants, engineers and teachers.

          See what the chauvinistic Banda policy did to the country’s education system and ultimately to the economy and the country’s global standing and its future. We used to be better than Singapore – now we are worse than even Bangladesh. Even Ethiopia and Uganda don’t want to be put at par with us!

          Now, instead of the doctors, lawyers, engineers and accountants, we export wives, daughters, mothers, and sisters to the thel-mudhalali’s whose regard, respect and (ab)use of these women are not news to you. You don’t care about the Sri Lankan women coming home with nails driven through every part of the body, and often return in body bags.

          You go ahead Sach – your mothers, wives, daughters and sisters will bring in the Riyals and Dinars – while you can put your feet up on the bunkuwa and bury your head in “research” because that is less painful. In the meanwhile the Hambantota buruwa’s continue to steal the country of all of its wealth, respect, education and legal systems, sporting capabilities and what have you.

          Keep up boy – that research is fascinating – isn’t it?! Sad Sack indeed.

          • 1
            3

            lol, why do you get upset when i asked to research? Is research a bad thing? :)
            We unlike Tamils do not live with a false sense of superiority over others. I, being a Sinhalese can read any pro tamil work and get what I want, i dont hate any source.

            Between wasnt it Banda’s wife who made the Jaffna institution a university?

            After all the only error bandas did was to let the tamils have equality and trying to save them from abusive castist vellalas. Had they allowed the Vellals to abuse any non vellala tamil and enjoy non vellala women as booty , SL would not see violence

            • 1
              0

              Sad Sach,

              Doing research is meritorious when done sincerely, neutrally and objectively. What is deplorable is your attempt to hide under the excuse of research to vilify the Tamils just because you have no other way to hide your nation’s shame in how majoritarian chauvinists treated its citizens since independence, stating from the riots in 1956 and repeated every election cycle, with whole hearted State support. It is that shame that you want to run away from .

              If the casteism of the Tamils and the deprivation you accuse of was of any concern to the Sinhala non-vellala, perhaps gamarala, leadership, please tell what exactly did the Sri Lankan Government do to address that issue since independence, and until the LTTE, headed by a mere podian, brought a stop to such caste-based discrimination! Can you specify just one official action the Government initiated to address the caste issue among the Tamils since 1947 through 1983.

              Do you know how the Indian Tamils were denied of all dignity as they were denied any State recognition despite having been the back-bone of the export economy of the country for three to four generations? Finally, the Government agreed on a 50-50 repatriation, under which it agreed to give full citizenship rights for the balance 50%. Despite that agreement, once India met its obligations, Sri Lanka shamelessly continued to back-track if not renege on its promises relentlessly!

              Isn’t that the success story of the Sinhala Buddhist chauvinistic Nation? It is not just sad Sach – it is pathetic!

      • 3
        0

        Burning Issue

        “RESEARCH,RESEARCH, RESEARCH and RESEARCH”

        Have fun.

    • 6
      1

      Sach,Vibhushana et al,

      Suggest you stop wasting time on
      meaningless research. Trying to
      precipitate another war?
      Don’t play with fire, you might get burnt.

    • 3
      3

      sach

      “For anyone who wants to learn about SL ethnic issue, what I suggest is RESEARCH,RESEARCH, RESEARCH and RESEARCH…it will open ur eyes to many insights.”

      RESEARCH,RESEARCH, RESEARCH and RESEARCH on the Land of Native Veddah Aethho, populated by Para-Tamils, Para-Sinhala, Para-Muslims and other Paras.

      Mitochondrial DNA history of Sri Lankan ethnic people: their relations within the island and with the Indian subcontinental populations.

      Journal of Human Genetics (2014) 59, 28–36; doi:10.1038/jhg.2013.112; published online 7 November 2013.

      http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v59/n1/full/jhg2013112a.html#aff2

      Lanka Ranaweera1,3, Supannee Kaewsutthi1,3, Aung Win Tun1, Hathaichanoke Boonyarit1, Samerchai Poolsuwan2 and Patcharee Lertrit1

      Through a comparison with the mtDNA HVS-1 and part of HVS-2 of Indian database, both Tamils and Sinhalese clusters were affiliated with Indian subcontinent populations than Vedda people who are believed to be the native population of the island of Sri Lanka.

  • 1
    1

    Hey Silvestra, where is your boss Edwin? Some of us. ummm, like, miss him in this forum.

  • 1
    5

    Tamils have gone berserk here.

    • 1
      0

      Hey Sach
      amerasiri is waiting for you. Run along and do what you are supposed to do to him. Unless you satisfy him you will not get your pay cheque. run along laddies/lassie

  • 0
    0

    Mahindapala,[Edited out]

  • 0
    0

    Thiruvathavoorar Lakshmirayanan.

    Aney sweet name!

    But to get back,Edwin Rodrigo,Electrical Engineer and Non-Vellala Mahindapala are one and the same!
    The Philipino maid of Edwin only told us that her Master,apparently,a good man went back to his Maker!
    So how come this article?
    Aney,I AM CONFUSED!

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