19 September, 2020

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War Or Peace: Our Choice

By Tisaranee Gunasekara

“The future lies in darkness and the forces of right are weak”. Brecht (On the suicide of Walter Benjamin).

Almost four years after winning the Eelam War, Sri Lankahas no discernible enemy and a very discernible military. This gross disproportion would not have mattered overmuch had the economy fared better and the people were burdened less. But with a distorted economy and a weighted-down populace, even Rajapaksa supporters might question the logic of maintaining a gargantuan military sans an enemy.

There are two ways out of this Rajapaksa-made conundrum. The logical path is to impose a resources-diet on the obese military establishment; the illogical path is to create an enemy. In Rajapaksa Sri Lanka, the logical way is a non-option. That leaves the illogical way – create an obvious, omnipresent, terrifying enemy.

An enemy can justify dumping endless resources into Gotabhaya Rajapaksa’s Defence-cum-Urban Development black hole, in the midst of a biting economy. It can also explain the radical departures from democracy and justice visceral to Rajapaksa rule.

Up to early 2012, the rulers thought that the Tiger-spectre would suffice for the purpose. Gotabhaya Rajapaksa himself made this point: “The re-grouping and the re-organisation of Tiger separatists within Sri Lankais still a threat to national security.…. That is why we must maintain a sizeable defence force as well as defence spending, although there are some people who question why the defence establishment is so large and the amount of money allocated for defence” (LBO – 11.1.2012). But as economic hardships reached new zeniths in 2012, the Siblings would have realised that the Tiger-spectre alone will not do.Geneva too would be inadequate while most Lankans are indifferent about the Hambantota Commonwealth Summit. Once the dreaded electricity price-tsunami hits, even a Canadian-led boycott of Hambantota will elicit nothing more than a collective shrug.

Thus the regime’s desperate need for an enemy terrifying enough to make the Sinhala masses forget hunger, want and insecurity.

The explosion of anti-Muslim hysteria, literally out of the blue and the Rajapaksa-tolerance of the Bodu Bala Sena (BBS) become perfectly explicable in this context.

Until the attack on the Dambulla mosque on 20th April, 2012, the Sinhala-Buddhist lobby was focused on Christians. The Tamils have been defeated and humbled; and, almost as soon as the war ended, attacks on Christians resumed with a new vigour. Until last April, the Muslim threat did not exist. The All Ceylon Jamiyyathul Ulama (ACJU) was actually functioning as a Rajapaksa ally; it even sent representatives to Geneva last March to lobby Islamic nations on Colombo’s behalf.

With the Dambulla attack there was a sudden shifting of focus. A new conjuncture characterised by anti-Muslim hysteria came into being. Suddenly, the main enemy was a man in a cap and a woman in black.

Amidst this new madness, the BBS emerged fully formed, organised and financed, possibly from the belly of the Ministry of Defence and Urban Development. (The BBS facebook page[i] contains the latest demonstration of the special nexus between the BBS and Gotabhaya Rajapaksa).

The BBS – and others of its ilk – are going around the country trying to convince Sinhala Buddhist masses that they have only one threat and one enemy – the Muslims. Every other problem and concern, from economic hardships to crime wave, is pushed out of sight. To the extent these other issues are acknowledged, it is as by-products of the overarching ‘Muslim problem’. Once one is lost in this imaginary chamber of horrors, the real horrors of Rajapaksa rule vanish, from sight, consciousness and memory.    Commenting on the anti-Muslim riots of 1915, the first low-country Sinhala representative of the Legislative Council, Sir Christoffel Obeysekere, said, “These disturbances would not have taken place had it not been, as I believed, for the incitement of the ignorant villagers – poor Buddhist villagers, than whom I have never seen a better set of men – by half a dozen misguided, designing villains, who have been trying to pose as leaders of the Buddhists. Had it not been for this encouragement, these disturbances would never have occurred. I therefore feel most strongly that any of the proprietory peasant villagers – whom I regard as true Sinhalese gentlemen – should have been deluded into this trap for the personal aggrandisement of a few who are nobodies, but who hope to make somebodies of themselves, by such disgraceful tactics”[ii].

That analysis could have been made about the current anti-Muslim hysteria. The Rajapaksas want to remain top-bodies, forever, while the BBS leaders want to become somebodies (who knew the name Galagoda-Atte Gnanasara just a year ago?). And they – following in the footsteps of their nefarious forefathers – are trying to incite an anti-Muslim mania, to retain power and relevance.

Are we going to allow free-rein to these unscrupulous power-hungry opportunists and let them devastate our future, again?

The Muslim Response

Fanatics of every ilk feed from the same trough of extremism and intolerance. They bring destruction and self-destruction.

If the Tamils, instead of accepting the counter-extremism of Vellupillai Pirapaharan, chose a moderate path, they could have avoided Nandikadal. So far, the Muslims have responded with reason and moderation to the ugly and violently provocative campaign of the BBS. The BBS would be elated if the Muslims abandoned that rectitude and reacted with a comparable – or worse – fanaticism. If the Muslims take that path, they will isolate themselves from moderates of other communities. And that is precisely what the BBS and its political masters would want.

Throughout history, ideas and values have been peripatetic; they were never the sole monopoly of this or that region/religion/culture.

When Justinian apostrophised Hellenism as an unclean heresy abhorred by God and banished it from Rome, the accumulated knowledge and wisdom of Antiquity found a home in Persia and (subsequently) in the Islamic Caliphates. As Rome (and the West) receded into a long night of intellectual obscurantism and economic regression, Persia and the Caliphates experienced a golden age civilisation, made possible by the tolerance and openness of most of their rulers who promoted culture and learning not only of the Greco-Roman variety but also of the Babylonian and Indian variety. By the 12th Century, the Arabs were at the forefront of scientific discovery, technological innovation and arts. This intellectual accumulation fed the European renaissance subsequently, via Muslim Spain.

For centuries the Ottoman Turkish Empire was far more tolerant in its attitude to other religions/cultures than the Christian West. The great Akbar practiced many of the Enlightenment values, centuries before Europe.

There is no pure anything in this world; every culture, every religion, every civilisation learnt from and built upon the achievements and advances of preceding ones. We stand on the collective-shoulders of giants and those giants belong to every race, region, creed or none.

Hopefully, in its response to the BBS fanatics, the Muslim community will be informed and influenced by its own traditions of tolerance and moderation. If the battle-lines are drawn between Buddhist-fanatics and Muslim fanatics, all will be lost; but if the Muslims close their ears to the siren song of extremism and face the BBS in the company of moderates of every community, they will win and so will Sri Lanka.



[i]http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=174284906052077&set=a.149140825233152.34004.149092295238005&type=1&theater

[ii] Quoted in ‘Ceylon and Her People’ Volume Four – NE Weerasooria

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Latest comments

  • 0
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    Thank you, madam, for another fearless expose of the human plague that assails our country.
    When are the Sinhala Buddhists going to wake up to what is being done in their name by a handful of malicious self-seekers led by you-know-who?

  • 0
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    Two days ago I walked slowly towards a supermarket near my home. A young girl wearing trousers, T-shirt and head scarf walked about 2 ft ahead of me. A young man, little more than a schoolboy, ran past and grabbed her scarf- I reacted instinctively and pulled it back, shouting at him in english. The boy stared at me and ran off. It happened so fast none of the few passers-by could even react. Amid the buzz of concerned conversation the girl and I walked quickly away. I dont think the lad knew anything about politics- he was just jumping on the ‘hate-ranting’ band wagon. I dread to think what will happen if someone gets really hurt.

    • 0
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      I have said this and I say this again. Sinhala Buddhists are egging on cads and thugs to grope Muslim women in the name of Buddhism.

      Imagine what would have happened had there been a Muslim male when the scarf was grabbed and he gotten hold of the young man?

      The longer peace loving true Buddhists don’t speak up, the faster we will quicken our collective steps to destruction.

    • 0
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      This must have been frightening to the young girl. You are right, the poison is taking effect and ignorance and hatred is manifesting itself in such young minds, which will be forever.
      It is such a shame that the government is, for devious reasons unknown to us, allowing this filth to permeate in this country, and by silence condoning the harassment and possible violence against an innocent minority.
      Evil has been allowed to operate in our country, and the results will be devastation for this country.

  • 0
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    The danger is not in the Noise of the Enemy BUT in the Silence of the Friends… Wake up sinhala buddhists and confront these radical extremists amonst you who want to destroy the country and the sinhala race buddhism and the sinhala culture…….you already have assocoations like the Lions, Rotaries, YMBA, Housewives etc etc come on wake up and wake up NOW

  • 0
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    The Anti-Muslim campaign would have been a thumping success in Sri Lanka had it coincided with western hysteria and the farcical “war on terror” after the 9-11 attacks in 2001. But Sri Lanka already had a demon in the form of Velupillai Prabhakaran, and most vas-kavi and appealing for vengeance to the goddess Kali were directed at him.

    Now, the coast is clear for a new enemy in the form of the Halal Muslim in skull cap or hijab who is said to be evil in that they dampen fertility of sinhala women with drugs while others simply marry them, import drugs, take business away from indolent sinhala traders, buy property (by force?) from traditional sinhala peasants etc…

    In any crime, the police would ask themselves, “Who stands to gain from the crime?” and therein usually lies the root to the mystery. With apologies to Herge’, Methuen and Casterman, rather than “Mum’s the word” as Thomson or Thompson would say, “Dumb’s the word”…

  • 0
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    The demonising of the Muslims in Sri Lanka has been undertaken by a small section of the Buddhist Clergy backed by the Secretary of Defence. The BBS was formed in 2005 by three figures, Ven Wimalajothi, Galgoda and Gotabhaya. At that time it was a shadowy organisation which published posters ón walls and vehicles proclaiming that this was a buddhist country. Subsequently after the war it has received state patronage to build a centre worh Rs 300 Mn and has launched a campaign against muslims around June of last year.

    Two events preceded this campaign, the countrywide census and the eastern provincial council elections. There were previously several other sorties against muslims such as the Grease Yaka which seemed to target muslim women and occur close to army camps. Also the abduction of muslim businessmen by a group backed by the defence secretary.

    In the present Halal crisis too the role of the defence secretary comes into prominence in backing the BBS and other extremist whilst acting to mediate and force a solution on the muslims.

    The muslims have not reacted and have been able to unite in the face of these onslaughts. In keeping with the traditions of the Prophet and teachings of the quran we are able to be patient and leave the matter in the hands of the Almighty.

    “You give the kingdom to whom You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things.” [3: 26]

    “And if Allah touches you with harm, none can remove it but He, and if He touches you with good, then He is Able to do all things” [6: 17]

    “They were plotting and Allah too was planning, and Allah is the Best of the planners” [8: 30]

    “Those before them indeed plotted, but Allah struck at the foundation of their building, and then the roof fell down upon them, from above them, and the torment overtook them from directions they did not perceive.” [16: 26]

  • 0
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    Tisaranee,
    you are the best journalist in Sri Lanka. Through extensive research we are now being increasingly informed of the Western debt to medieval Arabic learning. The advancement of scientific learning throughout history has been described as a ‘baton in a relay’. Firstly it was the Greeks, then the Arabs and then Europe. Now we are seeing this power shifting- baton being passed on. The reason for this shift ? – ‘science always follows the money.

    How tolerant medieval Arabs were to other ethnicities is clear when you read about the Caliphate in Baghdad in the 8th to 12th centuries. Intellectuals from all over the globe converged there and worked on various projects. The well known ‘House of Wisdom’, where all known Greek knowledge was translated was a place where Jews, Arabs and Christians were all working together. Then, throught the Arab empire we read about how tolerant the Arabs were.

    I am sure the Muslims in Sri Lanka have inherited these virtues and will remain unprovoked however great the provocation is.

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      Re yr: ‘How tolerant medieval Arabs were to other ethnicities is clear when you read about the Caliphate in Baghdad in the 8th to 12th centuries’, how I wish American Mama (see his posting re caliphs at https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/i-am-buddhist-and-i-reject-tribalism/ ) could read this.

      I am so so tired of reading – words, words, words – though very grateful also to those who take the trouble to write and give one a sense of a larger community out there that stands for sanity and tolerance, and love thy neighbour, and strive for peace, not war, and dont, for LIFE’s sake, DONT let’s repeat the mistakes of the past all over again.

      And yes, of course, Tisaranee’s last 2 paragraphs must be repeated all the time.
      What is happening in the Sinhala and Tamil media?

  • 0
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    I have learned from reliable sources that four luxury buses traveling from Jaffna to Colombo, were stoned between Vavuniya and Medawachchiya, the day before yesterday night. This has happened before sporadically.
    These incidents are not reported in the press. Was the recent multiple attack on buses are sequel or a sympathetic response to the Geneva vote and incidents in Tamil Nadu?

    Who is behind such incidents? Should we expect more of these, considering the circumstances and political responses?

    Dr.Rajasingham Narendran

    • 0
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      “Who is behind such incidents? ” – Mahinda Rajapakse is the person behind all these incidents – who else?

    • 0
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      Who is responsible ? People who voted for these people and people who came as the diaspora who came to “praise ” the work of gota and MR
      Are you willing to take the blame for havingcontributed to themisary we are experiencing
      ?

      • 0
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        Anpu and Dev

        Why not the likes of you or those you want to respond in this manner, with your words and short sighted actions?

        There are many witches stirring a deadly brew!

        Dr. RN

    • 0
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      Do you which buses got hit as most of the buses to Jaffna are run by Govt politicians/Sinhala business ppl and pro govt Tamils (D S Gunasekera bus service,Avro travels from what I heard),only few are 100% tamil owned

      If it was the Tamil owned buses that got stoned then we are going back to square one back to 1980’s when the Jaffna bound buses like Safety Travels,Pilliayar,KSB,VIP got hit stoned frequently,only one or two operators who apparently had ‘good relations’ escaped (eg VJS Express)

      • 0
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        the idea is to hit at the Tamils in the buses and not the owners!

  • 0
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    Tisaranee,

    This article is a masterpiece. The advice you have given to the Muslim community is the best one any one one can give. The community should “endure with with patience and prayer” in the words of the Quraan.

  • 0
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    Reading the comments I begin to wonder if we Sri Lankans are becoming the worst racists in the world. Growing up, although being a non-Muslim, I always fasted and broke fast as my next door Muslim friend did during the fasting period. In fact my mom use to give me money to buy chocolate milk as my next door friends mom did and we both went to the mosque and I would sit on the steps of the mosque when my friend went in and prayed. After his prayers he will come out and tell me that his mother insisted that he should pray for me and my family as well. We then go and buy chocolate milk. Unfortunately, after reading various comments in various news media I begin to wonder what happened to the love we had for our neighbors? As parents today what type of values are we instilling in our children? If we are going to be racists then do we even pause to think what sort of world we are going to leave behind for our children. As a child my father use to take me and my sisters to all religious public meetings and we always found that the fundamentals of all religions was “Love and Harmony”. Its time for all of us to change. We should start thinking of the neighbor first before we think of ourselves.

    • 0
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      Hatredness is the poison once you consumed you can never recover, the poision which you started against Tamils and now spreading on otehrs as well. Now time to repay to the universe!

    • 0
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      It is the stench of racism, bigotry, and Islamaphobia permeating this country. This is not the lowdown saffron robed thugs and goons going around causing terror in the hearts of minorities, there is a larger picture here, still unknown, but with the possibility of many, many, evil elements behind this. It is a well orchestrated campaign of hate, which includes harassment, intimidation, and anti Islamic propaganda, carried out in Sri Lankan towns, and propagated here in websites.

      It is toxic and Sri Lanka will never be able to get rid of the stench.

  • 0
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    There is only one, repeat, one soul behind all the undemocratic acts in
    SL and he is none other than an American Citizen with a battery operated
    heart-function! Either he is mentally deranged and/or his siblings are
    taking advantage of his antics to push the political gains to an end?

    • 0
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      So THAT”s who American Mama is!

  • 0
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    Sri Lanka had a golden opportunity to go forward in 2009 when LTTE was defeated and build a very strong country economically and socially where all communities live in harmony and equality but what did the Govt do,they kept on their thuggery against political opponents ,grabbed lands where they liked, journalists disappeared and played the sinhala Buddist card to stay in power,tried their hand with the grease yakka in the north when that failed go after the Muslims!,imprisioned one of the chief people behind winning the war and treated him shabbily,then we have the gall to say oh we have 2000 years of civillisation (not)! and blame them West for all the evils

  • 0
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    What is happening in Sri Lanka is worrying indeed. A battle is looming between good and evil. Why is this not recognized by the government? Is it because the President is on the side of evil? The President and the Members of Parliament are elected by the people to govern this country on behalf of the people. By not taking action against lawbreakers he and the government are willfully neglecting the duty they are entrusted with. At the impeachment of the former Chief Justice the Parliament boasted that it is Supreme. If so what is the use of this supremacy if it cannot act in the interest of the country and the people? I think the legislature has forgotten that it’s supremacy is derived from the people, and if it ignores the people for it’s own selfish reasons, it loses it’s supremacy. The people are then free to wrest it back. This government is now creating a climate for this to happen. It is hardening the attitude of the moderates who constitute the majority of people of this country. Patience is wearing out.

  • 0
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    Lanka is the miracle of Asia – I agree. We have somehow miraculously managed to miss the boat every time the ship of opportunity passed us by. While Lankans were focusing on really important developmental issues like racial and religious bigotry, our Asian cousins such as S. Korea and Singapore focused on less important things like building their industry to be a strong global force, becoming a global financial centre, leaders in research, science and technology challenging US tech giants, major transport (shipping/airline) hub etc., etc., etc….It is interesting that Singapore do not even have their own natural secure supply of water and S. Korea is technically still at war with its neighbour! BTW, Ceylon during independence was the example cited by both countries to follow.
    What have Lankans achieved while those Asian cousins have been wasting their time in unimportant issues like becoming industrial giants? Well, we first created the conditions to get rid of the burgher community from Lanka. We made the internationally recognised language that every citizen of the world is clamouring to learn ‘Sinhalese’ the official language. Meanwhile, our leaders made the ultimate sacrifice and educated their children in the useless language called ‘English’. Then we picked a fight with the Tamil community and laid the foundation for a 30 year war. Since that was not enough we started attacking the Christians because they were helping the poor and the poor people began to convert to Christianity. Rather than working even harder than the Christians to win over the flock, the Sinhala Buddhist took the lazy way out of the issue and started to physically attack the churches and priests. Since this was also not enough, Lankans followed up with picking a fight with the Muslims. All this in the name of Sinhala Buddhism. Once we have finished with all these minority groups, what’s next? Maybe a caste war?
    To my mind Sri Lankans are a bunch of lazy, gullible (remember, rice from the moon), corrupt, jealous hypocrites always expecting a free hand-out rather than working hard to achieve something, electing and supporting useless politicians expecting something in return for personal enrichment rather than societal enrichment. It is nation bankrupt of ideas and corrupt in every aspect of life. What have the Lankans achieved since independence that they can be proud of?
    My challenge to Lankans; for the 6 decades of independence, name 6 things Lankans have achieved that they can claim to be state of the art, world class and hold up as examples of significant achievements and contribution to the human race. Here is a challenge to all Lankans!

    • 0
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      Atleast one spoke the truth. You befit your name

    • 0
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      There is a lot of truth in what you have said, and described Sri Lankans quite well.Wherever they are, even in far off lands, the pettiness, inability to stand their fellow Sri Lankans prospering or doing better than them,
      we do have a fair share of small minded people, who would rather turn on his neighbor or friend, than work towards progress as a nation.

  • 0
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    It all started soon after the colonial powers left our shores and then with a big bang by SWRD.Banda. Others followed the same with vigor but the present regime is doing it all with a vengeance without any hesitation even at the cost of wrecking the nation and people. The next regime will do worse things than this one for sure ! Unity is a forgone thing, it was there but it’s facing a slow death at the hands of a few greedy mad insane filthy politicians posing as patriots in white national garb. They have a secretary of death & destruction to do all the dirty work for them to enjoy the fruit of their evil things. People who lived in peace and harmony are against each others throat now. Once a proud, civilized, educated nation is a ‘pariah’ third grade gutter country now.A combination of Jealousy, hatred,suspicion, greed, religious intolerance are all playing a major role, instigated by the corrupt politicians, in the majority of the people. All can easily live in peace if not for the bad political thugs. We chased the Burghers,white nursing sisters, educated professionals from all communities,Tamils by organized riots and now trying to cleanse Muslims. Who is next ? this country can only survive as a nation for a short time, as it’s collapsing unless the whole system is changed for the best. Sinhalese, Tamils, Muslims and other races have no problem living in harmony with or without “Halal“and Haram’, but one trying to destroy other has to be stopped. The nation is every ones and it does not belong to one race or religion, even if those are in the majority. All should be equal and work together for the prosperity of themselves and their country.if not the history will teach them lessons already known to many. If not, just face the consequences of nature and go down with it.

  • 0
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    The writer poses the Question “War or Peace ” Our Choice. which to an ordinary person gives the impression that we had a choice. But sadly we never had a choice and Peace was never on the Agenda of Successive Sinhalse Governments since independance. The Architect of the present day troubles was SWRD who promised to bring sinhala only over night and swept to power. The result was a race riot in which thouasands of innocent Tamils were slaughtered this was repeated time and time again.
    The Sinhalese politicians knew that they could win elections by whipping up anti tamil rhetoric and this was not just opportunistic but an inherent part of the Sinhalese mentality. No Sinhalse would ever yield power to the Tamil Minority through a deloved system with the means to protect Tamil culture and heritage. Sixty Three years since independace we are still talking about Tamil rights and how the country has been blighted by the Civil War for the last 30 years without ever admitting that the Civil War was the result of Sinhalese Brutality on defenceless Tamils. The Sinhalses majority controlled every spectre of the Society and if there was a will to address the Tamil Grievance we wouldnt be where we are today. Without oustside intervention the Tamils will never get their rights and the only people who genuinly care about the Eelam Tamils are our brothren in Tamil Nadu so therefore it is not surpprising that they become the focus and a target by the Sinhalese press and extremists to tell the country that there is still a threat from the LTTE. IF you want to remove discontent in a Country you need to remove the causes of discontent but the Rajapakses have no intention of addressing the Tamil issue but instead are trying to hang on to power long enough to complete their agenda which is ethnic cleansing.

    I agree with following that “The future lies in darkness and the forces of right are weak” but with a correction that the forces of right have always been weak or non existent which is why we are where we are today. The sad conclusion therefore is that nothing is going to change as you either have it to co exist or you dont and the vast majority of the Sinhalese dont have it in them to Co exist as equals but beileve in dominating and treating the Tamils as their subjects.

    The writers assertion that there are two ways out of this Rajapaksa-made conundrum defies logic because as implied a conundrum is a complex or perplexing problem that generally has no clear solution. But the Rajapakse Conundum does not exist as he has a clear soultion and obese army is a means to an end. The end for Raajapakse is to turn Sri Lanka into a Sinhalese Lanka and he made this quite clear during a speech in Trincomalee and he doesnt mince his words.

    There is no enemy so there is no justification to dump endless resources into Gotabhaya Rajapaksa’s Defence-cum-Urban Development black hole, in the midst of a biting economy. The radical departures from democracy is nothing more than his desire to complete the mission and a reflection of his true character.

    The writer again shows his lack of understanding with the following statement:
    If the Tamils, instead of accepting the counter-extremism of Vellupillai Pirapaharan, chose a moderate path, they could have avoided Nandikadal. The Tamils were not extremists and for the record the Tamils suffered for long at the hands of the Sinhalese during race riots and also faced discrimination in every other field. Where as no Muslim died at the hands of the Brutal Sinhalese. So far, the Muslims have responded with reason and moderation to the ugly and violently provocative campaign of the BBS simply beacuse they know they cannot react violently and if they did they would be killed in their thousands by MR and his thugs. It is wrong to say that the BBS would be elated if the Muslims abandoned that rectitude and reacted with a comparable – or worse – fanaticism. The Muslims in Sri Lanka dont have the luxury of being fanatics, they will bark but cannot bite.

    I am not sure if the writer actually believes the following beacuse sadly that is not the label attached to the Muslims in other parts of the World. Hopefully, in its response to the BBS fanatics, the Muslim community will be informed and influenced by its own traditions of tolerance and moderation. There will not be a battle between Buddhist-fanatics and Muslim fanatics as it will be a onesided battle in which the Buddhist-Fanatics will win hands down especially with the State Aparatus on their side . The following is only a wishful thinking ” but if the Muslims close their ears to the siren song of extremism and face the BBS in the company of moderates of every community, they will win and so will Sri Lanka”.
    There are not many moderates among the Sinhalese and if there are any they are a tiny minority whose voices will not be heard and any change is not going to come from within.

    The Tamil Bashing, Muslim Bshing and the Christian Bashing is a symptom of the racist nature of the majority Sinhalese. It is 63 years since Sri Lanka gained independance and we are still talking about FREEDOM JUSTICE & EQUALITY for all and I dont see how that is going to change.

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