1 October, 2020

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Brigadier Priyanka Fernando: A (Suggested) Wider Context

By Charles Ponnuthurai Sarvan

Prof. Charles Sarvan

The fault is not in our stars; not in Fate, God or the gods but in us, human beings” ~ (Adapted from Shakespeare’s  ‘Julius Caesar’, Act 1, scene 2,  lines 141-2).

The recent furore over the throat-cutting gesture by Brigadier Priyanka Fernando in London aimed at demonstrating Tamils led me to the subject of soldiers in general. That the Brigadier pointed to his army insignia and then made the gesture suggests he believes this is what soldiers do: they kill. The gesture can be understood as a synecdoche standing for different forms of violence, murder included.

The word “soldier” etymologically has its roots in “payment”, and payment is related to “professional”. A soldier is a professional; someone paid to endanger his own life while endangering those of others, be they soldiers or hapless civilians – since language is used both to communicate and to conceal, civilian casualties are referred to a ‘collateral damage’.  A soldier is paid to attack or to defend by attacking: the Israeli army is named the Defence Force. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), in his Leviathan famously described human life in nature as short and brutish, there being a propensity in humans to be aggressive; to invade, rob and take possession. That being the case, we need an authority. But authority has no authority without the power of enforcement; in short, without armed men and women. Given human nature, society needs armed personnel ready to carry out orders. (Of course, many of us have no inclination to dispossess and dominate others and, if such negative impulses do arise, we restrain them: contrary to Hobbes, John Locke, 1632-1704, argued that we are rational creatures.

The throat-cutting gesture by Brigadier Priyanka Fernando in London

Let me begin by asking why men and women volunteer to join the armed forces, thus placing their lives in jeopardy. Many years ago, when the war against the Tamil Tigers was intense, a Sinhalese friend told me his wife was daily and bitterly blaming him for having allowed both their sons to enlist. But, he explained, when they joined, there was no war: “My sons don’t have qualifications, and the armed forces mean food, shelter and salary.” Thomas Hardy in a poem, ‘The man he killed’, imagines himself to be someone who had joined the army because he was unemployed and poor. Perhaps, the man he had just killed was like him, unemployed and poor. Poverty is a downward spiral: perhaps the man, in desperation, had sold his tools and now without tools, he can’t offer his services as a worker with a skill to sell. Of course, there are other reasons why individuals enlist: patriotism, family influence, an immature attraction to uniform, weapons and parades etc. Nor must one forget idealism and the self-sacrifice that goes with it. For example, individuals from Europe and the USA (Ernest Hemingway; Nobel Prize for Literature) volunteered to fight in the Spanish Civil War. Earlier, Lord Byron died (though indirectly) supporting the cause of Greek independence. I don’t cite Sri Lankan examples because some readers are prone to misreading and misunderstanding or, easily excited, focus on trivialities and irrelevancies.

An erstwhile friend of mine, because he was a university graduate, was able to join the army as a trainee-officer but I suppose the majority by far join at the lowest rank and then are hammered into shape as soldiers. It is a tough – one would say brutal – process graphically portrayed in ‘An Officer and a Gentleman’ (1982). I believe the film is still screened to soldiers in various armies. Why trainee soldiers are bullied and insulted, treated “worse than dirt”, I don’t know but presume it has two reasons: to toughen them up and, secondly, to weed out those who cannot be made sufficiently tough and callous. The armed forces being an instrument of government enforcement, its members cannot be soft-hearted and sensitive. On the contrary, they must be ready and willing to be brutal. They are the creation of the state, are meant to serve the state, and reflect both state and the people in whose name and on whose behalf they act. Brutalised in training, many become brutal and the ‘argument’ of force becomes their main, if not only, answer. Harshness is normality. Bullied by those higher in rank, the lowest have only civilians to bully in turn. Even those who have reached high military rank presumably came through a harsh system and carry its marks. The word “callous” now meaning insensitive and unsympathetic (therefore cruel) is derived from a hardening of the skin through repeated friction. In that sense, a callous is a self-protective mechanism.

Then there’s the element of indoctrination; of building the necessary mind-set. Once having asked a group of students whether it was alright to kill a fellow human being, I asked whether it was alright to kill the enemy. One cannot mistreat, injure, rape or kill so long as others are seen as fully equal human beings. The first step is to change, erase and reclassify the human as the Other or as the enemy. The substitution of the word “enemy” for “human being” does the trick. The US declaration of independence of 1776 solemnly and fervently stated that all human beings are created equal, yet those who drafted that noble, high-sounding, document owned slaves. They did not see a contradiction between their words and their practice; they were not hypocrites: they simply did not see their slaves as fellow human beings.  “The Mahavamsa records that King Dutugemunu, having caused the destruction of a great many lives, was concerned he would not attain nirvana. Thereupon, Buddhist monks comforted him, saying he had killed only one and a half men: the one was a Buddhist and the other only on the path to becoming a Buddhist.” The others were but animals (Sarvan, Public Writings on Sri Lanka, Vol 2, pages 25-6).  A comrade-in-arms being injured or killed by the enemy creates sorrow and anger. Grief and anger can turn into fury and hatred, in turn leading to the unleashing of gross cruelty. For example, there are reports of American soldiers in Vietnam going berserk; killing prisoners of war and civilians; burning down hamlets. Sun-tzu (BCE 380-316) in his Art of War comments that to glory in war is to glory in destruction and death, misery and sorrow.

   I have also pointed out to students that, though we see through our eyes, we really “see” with our minds. It is the mind that determines what we see; how we react and how we treat others. To mistreat, to injure or kill a fellow human being goes against the teaching of all religions but the mind tells us that to humiliate, wound or kill the enemy is meritorious. (Warring armies have been blessed before battle by rival priests praying to the same God!)  In fact, the greater the number killed, the greater glory: awards are bestowed, statues erected and plaques set up – even though the “crime” of those at the receiving end of History was that they opposed foreign conquest, occupation and exploitation.

The response of the (Sinhalese) army to the (Sinhalese) JVP uprising

Given the nature and function of the armed forces, certain modes of thought can’t be encouraged; indeed, cannot be permitted. In his poem, ‘The charge of the Light Brigade’, Lord Tennyson writes:  “Theirs not to reason why / Theirs but to do and die.” Sacrificing the rhyme scheme of the Poet Laureate, we could substitute “kill” for “die”. Soldiers shouldn’t pause to reason; they must obey orders and kill. They are indoctrinated; “brainwashed” into believing that right and righteousness are entirely on their side; the enemy totally wrong and evil. Nuance and mental subtlety; an acknowledgement that the enemy may have a modicum of justice, an understanding of reason and cause, cannot be permitted. Like in naïve, simplistic, films and stories, the bad are totally bad; the good purely good. (To help with easy identification, the good character is handsome, while even the laughter of the bad character is unpleasant.) But truth is neither single nor simple but multiple and complex. In the absence of balanced judgement; of granting that the enemy may have something at least of a case on their side, humane treatment is absent. (A student once argued that the word “humane” is a misnomer. Derived from “human”, it implies that human beings are by nature kind and caring.) I repeat: soldiers are the creation of a state and society. They act with the explicit or implicit consent, if not support, of the people. Finally, even if only through indifference, it’s the people who are responsible for the actions of their armed forces. (History shows that even in countries under totalitarian rule there can be populist support for martial actions. Indeed, it’s one way in which such a government distracts attention from fundamental flaws and wins support.)  Soldiers do not have their being in a hermetically sealed sphere. In other words, many civilians too are prone to simplistic thinking.

Brigadier Priyanka Fernando momentarily lost control; forgot he was attached to the diplomatic service of the government of Sri Lanka and, provoked, reverted to his deeply ingrained role of soldier. This is in no way to suggest that all soldiers are crude and cruel; are devoid of positives – and not only to their fellow-soldiers and their own folk. An example that comes to mind is of the Duke of Wellington who, seeing the destruction, the human cost, on the battlefield of Waterloo commented that next to the sadness of losing a battle is wining it.

One cannot easily say the Brigadier’s reaction was only because those demonstrating were Tamil. For example, I understand the response of the (Sinhalese) army to the (Sinhalese) JVP uprising was quite vicious. And there have been recent instances of Sinhalese soldiers and policemen falling upon Sinhalese civilians.

I hope it’s clear the above is not about Brigadier Fernando. It’s not an exercise in exculpation but an attempt to understand the incident in a wider context. (Of course, to understand is not necessarily to condone.) The throat-cutting gesture while being no doubt ‘racist’ and arrogant; meant to menace, has a wider and more abstract significance. It returns us to Hobbes; to the need for authority and power, and yet the danger inherent in the latter for, as Lord Acton (1834-1902) observed, power has a tendency to corrupt while “absolute power” (that is, total power) corrupts absolutely. No doubt, there are other, and more perceptive, insights.

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Latest comments

  • 25
    1

    Thanks, Prof. Saravan for having the courage to present the pacifist point of view with such conviction and consistency.

    _

    Perhaps, none of us is going to say that we must at all times be pacifist, but you are quite right to question why people should join standing armies and agree to carry out the orders of those in superior positions.

    • 5
      0

      Sinhala Man,
      Have you noticed that CT is back to normal now?
      Mouse/ copy-paste, comment, etc work properly.

      • 1
        0

        Yes, old codger, I noticed it when putting a comment in at the bottom – relating to Freemasonry.

        I haven’t tried using my default browser, Mozilla Firefox yet.

        A great consolation – makes life much easier!

    • 0
      5

      The author’s message in this article and all in his other writings is not at all pacifistic. The ultimate message in his articles is a message of aggression and violence in the form of stigmatizing and labelling the Sinhalese people as religious fanatics and according to Saravan that is the cause of the ethnic conflict. To achieve this, he has cunningly taken the guilt of misbehaviour from the individual Brigadier Priyankara and placed it firmly on the whole of the Sinhalese people (Ref.‘I repeat: soldiers are the creation of a state and society. They act with the explicit or implicit consent, if not support, of the people.’. Dutugemunu’s sorrow after winning the war against Elara is twisted and distorted into an affair about Dutugemunu being concerned about not attaining nirvana. If Sarvan had good intentions then he would have at least linked the Dutugemunu episode to Duke of Wellington’s comment that ‘next to the sadness of losing a battle is winning it’, but instead Sarvan links it to his claim that the people who drafted US declaration of independence ‘simply did not see their slaves as fellow human beings’.
       
      Also, Sarvan has conveniently omitted that the authour of Mahavamsa right after the section where the Sanga console Dutugemunu gives a general but strong advice “The good man should bear in mind the numberless crores of human beings sacrificed for the sake of ambition, and the evils attendant thereon. He should also steadfastly keep in mind the instability of all things, with a view to attain enduring happiness. Thus will he obtain before long a deliverance from sorrow or a happy departure (from this world). If one buys Saravans arguments, then Dutugemunu was not a good soldier because for Dutugemunu was sorrowful about the dead in the war.

      • 2
        0

        Punchi Point with Punchi Brain

        Please use another IP address if you are going to type under another pseudonym. “Link to LondonEpisode” should be reported to the police for identity theft.

      • 3
        0

        Dear Punchi Point,

        I think that I must respect ALL human beings, therefore (but only therefore) I must respect you.

        I find your response DISGUSTING! I will return to this and point out the contradictions within your comment. It is HORRIBLE to see you distorting the views of an old gentleman who cares.

        In a way, it mirrors the Dutugemunu (active young man) vs Ellala (I’m told that Tamils spell the name like that) conflict.

        I confess that I haven’t studied the Mahavamsa account (I don’t think many have!)

        http://ia800300.us.archive.org/26/items/mahavamsagreatch00geigrich/mahavamsagreatch00geigrich_bw.pdf

        380 pagesto be found here:

        http://mahavamsa.org/e-books/

        But that is an English translation. The original is in Pali. Have you really studied all of that?

        Like any Sinhalese, I’m proud to proclaim that we have one of the oldest recorded histories in the world. Without any of us having even read it, how can we be sure of its objectivity.

        I don’t think that a single Tamil should be killed TODAY on account of what is said there. I also don’t think that “rubbish” of this sort should be taught to children.

        By the way, it is more than 12 hours since a comment by me appeared at the bottom of all these comments. Your response to that, please?

      • 2
        1

        It looks as though one can register here, and get free access to the Sinhala version of the Mahavamsa here:

        https://www.newtsplay.com/en/html/sf/registration/eone.html#&lng=en&m=books&ref=5097546&prod=101

        Sorry. I’m an old man already. I’m not going beyond this. I certainly can read Sinhala, but I’m slow at it it. Should I, therefore, be forthwith executed?

        And even if I succeed in reading all this, what happens when I get challenged by somebody saying that I should have read the ORIGINAL in Pali?

        It’ll be like my having read the Koran in English, and some Jordanian saying that I should have read it in Arabic to really understand Islam. This really happened to me in Oman!

        We have been fortunate to be born as human beings. Why on earth can’t we enjoy life for about fifty years, then struggle on for another fifty, until we die and are soon forgotten? Oh, I know that some must be trying to live for a record 125 years. Will reaching that age be such an achievement?

  • 0
    0

    This comment was removed by a moderator because it didn’t abide by our Comment policy.For more detail see our Comment policy https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/comments-policy-2/

  • 10
    12

    Tamils never ciriticize LTTE. Similarly, MAjority do not like Army being criticized for no reason. there are other things behind.

    • 21
      2

      There are Tamils who have criticised LTTE for their crimes on civilians and similarly there are Sinhalese who have criticised army for their crimes on civilians. Several Tamils had told LTTE to refrain from killing innocents, but they did not listen. Crime is a crime whoever commits it. To cover up army for their crimes will not be accepted by any civilised being. To punish members of LTTE who are Tamils and allow members of army who are Sinhalese to go scot free amounts to racial discrimination.

      • 2
        4

        sankaralingam,
        Did you criticize the LTTE for their suicide murdering of innocent civilians? Haven’t read that! What were you doing when the LTTE was active during the past 30 or so years?
        I don’t think anyone should criticize the Army as they were fighting a terror war where the enemy is unknown and can’t be identified. That lead to civilian deaths. Why do you think the LTTE did not fight the Army like a conventional war? If they did there would have been no civilian casualties. So stop blaming the SL forces

        • 3
          2

          Eusense the nuisance, when LTTE was active during the past 30 years, I was hiding under the bed, so I was unaware of what was happening. Srilanka armed forces deliberately targeted Tamil civilians and their properties, which is a crime. So stop trying to cover up the SL forces. who are nothing but a murderous, racist outfit.

          • 0
            2

            Do you admit the fact, that LTTE was a Ruthless Murderous Killers.
            You were hiding under the bed, you were reluctant to take a suicide pill and participate in fighting against the Armed forces.
            What do you think the Armed Forces of a country should do, when a Terrorist Organization declares war against a country?

        • 6
          0

          Dear Eusense,

          I’ve been engaging Dr Sankaralingam in debates of sorts for almost three years. His view-point has changed, but he may not want to concede that. Please allow that – if you want our relations with Tamils to improve.

          We must get over this desire to win arguments – we end up ruining this country. What with climate change etc also playing a part, human life (perhaps ALL life) may cease to exist on this island (even on this fragile planet).

          It is time to set arrogance aside. The LTTE may have HAD to be countered with force. There is no contradiction inherent in recognising both that, and the need to investigate those occasions when the Army went berserk.


          Also, Haiti is back in the World News: the focus in on OXFAM doing a lot of mea culpa, but the fact is that the worst excesses came from our Sri Lankan soldiers – Sinhalese soldiers. We’ve got to be objective. Where we were to blame we have to accept it. We do NOT have a DUTY to cover up all excesses by our people.

          Please stop these ad nauseam attacks on the defeated LTTE. They were nasty in many respects. Now, that having been accepted let us move on, please.

          • 6
            0

            Sinhala_Man

            Sensible and decent comments from a liberal and educated mind.
            It is people like you who may eventually convince the Sinhalese
            nation Tamils have reason for much to be grieved about. The Germans made a terrible mistake during 1930-1945 but had the mental wherewithal to publicly regret and make good. That is the sign of an educated, cultured people.
            Merely, murmuring 2,500 years of Civilisation will not do. It is time the framework for peace, unity and all-island reconciliation
            is soon set in place.

            R. Varathan

          • 5
            0

            Dear Sinhala_Man, In making this comment I risk having a fallout with you. Nevertheless, let me make it. It is worth the risk.
            _______________
            LTTE is the handiwork of our Sinhalese brethren. The description may appear to be too generalised and hence unacceptable to many, but, if you care to look at it deep enough you’d be able to see where I am coming from.
            _______________
            Tamil youth were getting marginalised. Their elders were getting nowhere. They could not show the youth a viable path for them to free themselves. Our history is full of such shortcomings.
            ________________
            Our country failed to grasp the reason behind the birth of LTTE.
            ________________
            Tamils, I must admit, saw LTTE as a plausible remedy.
            ________________
            There was hope and then there was despair.
            ________________
            If we sincerely realise that there was cause for bitterness in the minds of Tamil youth, we will find a way to give them hope.
            ________________
            Is there any such Sinhalese leadership in the offing.

            • 4
              0

              Dear Unreal,

              Why on earth should I fall out with you for saying things as obvious as what you have stated above?


              There is validity in both our perspectives.

              Actually, I was hoping that you’d point out a slip that only a subtle mind like yours would observe. Yours have always been constructive criticisms of what a slightly naive guy like me says!

              At the same time may I thank R. Varathan for the encouragement that he’s given me.

              Cheers to you both!

      • 0
        0

        Do you admit the fact, that LTTE was a Ruthless Murderous Killers.
        You were hiding under the bed, you were reluctant to take a suicide pill and participate in fighting against the Armed forces.
        What do you think the Armed Forces of a country should do, when a Terrorist Organization declares war against a country?

        • 1
          0

          Do not try to cover up the crimes committed by SL armed forces by resorting to attacking LTTE for their crimes. Armed forces of the country has the right only to take action to eliminate LTTE. Sadly what happened was that the armed forces had got rid of a large section of Tamil community by murder and ethnic cleansing. Even 09 years after LTTE is no more, State terrorism is raging on Tamils. Time has now come for international community to save Tamils from this state terrorism.

    • 8
      4

      Jim softy dimwit

      Are you still hearing voices in your head?
      It seems the Brigadier is missing from his routine guard duty for several days. Is he hiding behind his wife, mother, grandma, and ……. daughters?

      Is he wealthy and well connected man?

    • 1
      0

      Nobody likes to be criticised for no reason is true. But we sometimes have to put up with what we don’t like.


      How have you come to the conclusion that there is no need to criticse the Army? You seem to have decided that a priori.

      To me it seems that the LTTE has to be criticised for setting off bombs and indiscriminately killing people. Also, there was widespread recruitment of child soldiers. Thirdly, they wished to have a monopoly of all political activity, and ruthlessly eliminated other groups. Most of this has been gathered from critical reading – and I have had thorough training in reading critically.

      The crimes allegedly committed by the Armed Forces, and even by other Sinhalese, appears to be much worse. There has to be investigation. I should like to appeal to all Tamil friends not to press for punishment; however, no War Criminal should be allowed to enjoy the fruit of his crimes. Let them go beg in the streets!

  • 7
    2

    Charles Ponnuthurai Sarvan

    “I don’t know but presume it has two reasons: to toughen them up and, secondly, to weed out those who cannot be made sufficiently tough and callous.”

    The Brits call the process as “break them and build them” into finest human killing machines.

  • 16
    3

    Charles,
    Just don’t dilly dally around facts and try to quote from your own previous work or from the partly fictional Mahavansa which is really not relevant to the modern day. Even if you analyse until the cows come home, the crux of the matter is that the gesture of Brigadier Priyankara epitomises the inbuilt anti Tamil unsympathetic attitude of the general Sinhalese people. Those demonstrators are equally idiotic to bring the LTTE flag and chant in support of Prabakaran. There are legitimate grievances though such as keeping LTTE suspects without a trial for long, disappearances and blatant disregard to implement LLRC findings, etc.
    JAMJAYA

    • 2
      1

      JAMJAYA

      “LLRC findings”

      I am sorry, what is this LLRC?

      • 2
        0

        Native, it is the Lincolnshire Land Rover Club. They are very keen to learn learn lessons from Lanka’s experience.

        • 3
          1

          Paul

          Thanks a good one.
          I never knew such club existed until you mentioned it.

          • 3
            0

            Yes, Paul and NV,

            Brilliant.

            We appoint Commissions, spend lots of money, and then don’t bother to act on the findings.

            I hope that you’ve not forgotten the Lanerolle Report:

            https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/university-of-peradeniya-may-1983-when-majesty-stoops-to-folly/

            It is not only governments that are less than honest. Tissa Jayatilleke is a big name in the NGO circuit. I got his e-mail address and wrote personally to him, but he doesn’t even respond. See ALL that he says in this article.

            http://island.lk/index.php?page_cat=article-details&page=article-details&code_title=24471

            “Prof. Halpé may be interested to know that among some of his books and papers that Mr.de Lanerolle presented to me prior to his death was a copy of his unpublished Report on Student Disturbances at the University of Peradeniya in 1983. The authorities at Peradeniya suppressed this Report and had advised him to destroy copies of it in his possession. He contributed a paper based on this Report titled Terror in the Hall A Lesson for Institutions of Higher Education in other parts of the Third World? to a journal (North-South Perspectives) that I edited in 1987. That suppressed and unpublished Report of 1983 forms a very valuable part of my personal archives today.”

            That is a quote from Tissa Jayatilleke’s article.

  • 3
    1

    Prof Charles Ponnuthurai Sarvan

    I am sorry I should have addressed you as Prof.

    • 4
      9

      Stupid Tamil Vedda
      You have been abusing everybody including Prof Ponna. Please stand in the corner and abuse yourself.you can ask your mrs to follow you.

    • 2
      2

      Native,
      He is the professor of hate and lies.

      • 4
        1

        Johnny Baby

        “He is the professor of hate and lies.”

        You mean Dayan, Wimal Sangili Karuppan Weerawansa, G L Pieris, Rajiva, Nalin de Silva, …. ?

  • 7
    5

    Interesting. But go visit the Tiger Tamil terrorist TORTURE chambers. I saw poems written in Tamil and drawings by those who were chained like animals before execution in small cells with a hole to shit and pee. The Tamil poems were all of desperation and others interestingly from Christian Tamil Tigers who were accused of being traitors appealing to god to save them. This is still there in the Iranaimadu area. I took photos of it. They had awesome methods of torture for both Tamils and Soldiers they captured. USA would have loved them.

    As for soldiers, as more and more (hundreds going into 4,500 plus) US soldiers started dying in Iraq in the Christian war, the US Army found it hard to find enough volunteers and lowered standards. In SL the old army was full of good old boy officers from Royal, Trinity, STC etc who became officers and ordered vassals around. Ask yourself why most of the war heroes and battle hardened officers are all rural Sinhalese when the war kept going on and on. Royalists did not join. Nalandians and Anandians joined but mostly even officers are from Maliyadeva, Rahula etc . Reality of war. US Army deliberately hired soldiers who had not even passed their High School exit exams.

    • 0
      0

      Thangamma are these poems not available on the Internet somewhere?

  • 6
    3

    Unleashing dogs on Muslim POWs and terrorists suspect by the Christian predominantly white army of the US and UK were racists.
    Tamil Tigers draining blood of captured SL Army men to provide blood for their soldiers was racism because they drained all the blood and let the men in their captivity die.

    War is Cruel sir but man knows best to kill each other better than any other mammal on earth.

  • 5
    10

    Charley Ponna thurai,

    What load of bullsh1t AGAIN!!!!!!!!!!! The so called video has been altered by the LTTE kallathoni terrorist protesters to tarnish the image of the war-hero. When a kallathoni terrorists chanted that their leader was Nandikadal Prabakaran, brigadier Fernando responded by pointing at his own throat to mean that Nandikadal Prabakaran is dead and no more. Brigadier Fernando responded by pointing at the Sri Lanka national flag which is on the upper arm to mean ‘this is all of us flag’
    when kallathoni terrorist protesters wave LTTE flags. Hope the brigadier take legal actions against those so called protesters for it.

    Those bogus asylum seeker- benefit scrounger- money laundering- barbaric terrorist protests who are supposed to be missing and in hiding, cost the police million of sterling pounds, which made the British tax payers furious.
    Here is another one of their stupid stunts which caused great havoc in London and cost the police millions of pounds- http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1184251/Tamil-demonstrators-bring-central-London-standstill-protest-Sri-Lankan-military-offensive.html

    Shame on those British MPs who supported the members of the most barbaric terrorist organization which recruited child soldiers, se x slaves, suicide b0mbers, and killed thousands of innocent SINHALES. How would British public feel about an MP who supported someone who praised “a serial killer- chi1d abuser- terrorist”(all three happens to one person , just like Prabakaran) ?????

    • 4
      0

      John,

      Britain became an economically developed country by exploiting the countries they colonized. In that process, they committed war crimes and heinous crimes against humanity. Although they are economically developed they never became morally developed. What they did in Iraq, Libya, Syria demonstrated that they have a primitive mentality.

    • 2
      1

      John what do you mean when you say “Hope the brigadier take legal actions against those so called protestors for it”. How do you think that Horikadaya could do it, when he is in hiding, fearing to come out on the road. Shame on those British MPs who supported the most barbaric SL armed forces who have committed murder, torture and rape and ethnic cleansing of thousands of innocent Tamils. Please remember that the biggest terrorist organisation is the government of Srilanka and no other outfit.

  • 4
    7

    The great Sinhala-Buddhist king Dutugemunu who did what he was supposed to do as the king and the protector of Sinhala-Buddhists, fought with invading Chola king Elara who was the real culprit that caused many deaths of bhoomiputra Sinhala-Buddhists. Have you heard of Angulimala who attained Niravana? In the same way King Dutugemunu will attain Niravana one day.

    • 15
      1

      Johnny,
      I have absolutely no doubt about King Duttu attaing Nibbana.
      So will MR who won that terrible war against ‘Tamil Tiger Terrorists’ without killing a single civilian because our highly disciplined soldiers were armed with a gun in one hand and the Geneva Conventions on the other; so will the patriotic Sinhala militias NOT armed by the State who managed to NOT kill 3,000 Tamil during Black July; outrpatriotic airforce which did NOT bomb safe zones but actualy saved these ungaretful Tamils by sparing their lives; our great Humanartian saitn Gothabaya whose highly civilized behaviour and diplomatic skills have been acknowleged as the ideal to be followed by the rest of the world and most imporatnly you sir with you balanced and objective view on all matters

      I agree with Duto that the hundreds of thousands of Tamils were killed not in order to perpetuate GENOCIDE but to ensure they all attain NIBBANA.

      I must congratulate you Johny for being such a font of wisdom

      • 6
        0

        Thanks, Elango.


        Excellent uses of sarcasm, satire and irony.

        • 0
          6

          Non_Sinhala_Cult_Following_Man,

          There is always a circus-monkey nearby like you to give applauds of encouragement to idiots like Elango to make more stupid comments.

          • 3
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            Johnny

            Beg your pardon, are you the sole owner of all stupid typing?

      • 0
        2

        Elango,

        Eelam terrorists were trained, financed and armed by then Indian government and Tamil Nadu state government in the 1970s to kill massacre bhoomiputra Sinhalese and claim the Sinhale island. Tamils started the Black July by killing Sinhalese.

        Elango, you attempted to be sarcastic but you ended up by telling absolute truth.

        Remember, There are no Tamils in Sri Lanka. The so called Tamils are actulley ethnic Malabaris, and it was Sinhalese who gave those Malabaris in the late 1800s.

        Remember!!!!!!! the Aranthalawa massacre, the attack on Dalada Maligawa, the attack on Sri maha bhodiya, thousand of b0mings, killing hundreds of thousand of bhoomiputra Sinhalse, etc, etc,etc,etc,etc,etc,etc,etc,etc,…. BY YOUR PEOPLE. Nothing is forgotten, one more of the stunts, you know the rest. You tell Eelam terrorist junkies in Europe and Canada to behave or else………………………!

        Sri Lanka is Sinhala country.

    • 3
      1

      The great Sinhala Buddhist king Dutgemmunu? He lived 2300 years ago and at that time there was no Chingkallam Mozhi( language) or Chingkalla makkal( people) . They were all Thamizh Hindu or Buddhist Naga or Yakka. Moreover his father had a Thamizh name. Kakkai Vanna Theesan. The so called great Chingkallam had a Tamil father. Chingkallams only came into existence somewhere around
      8 AD to 9 AD , Before that there were no Chingkallam. If no Chingkallam ,how can there be a great Chingkallam king 2300 years ago , with a Thamizh Appa( father). This was a war between Thamizhs who remained Hindu and the newly converted Buddhist Thamizhs or Naga/Yakka who later evolved as Chingkallams. Now Chingkallams are trying to twist history and say it was a Chingkallam /Thamizh war , when there were no Chingkallam 2300 years ago. Everyone was Thamizh then. Just like in the 1970s and 1980s Chingkallams were claiming the great Tamil Chieftain of Vanni , Pandara Vannian ,whose territory remained independent until 1802 as a Chingkallam and changed his name to Vanni Bandara, This did not work, then in anger the Chingkalla army destroyed his grave and statue , as a symbol of Thamizh independence . Claimed him as a great Chingkalla chief in the 1970/1980s and when this did not work destroyed his grave and statue in 2009 , as he was a symbol of Thamizh resistance and independence.

      • 0
        1

        Piglet,
        There is an interest part appearing in Mahavamsa (Oil Kanada Kaandam) is how Sirimavo discovered oil in Mannar. It was Norwegians carrying out the exploration. Without seeing any positive signs they withdraw. Sirimavo hired Coolies to pour used engine oil in those sites. Then called the reporters in Colombo gave photos of discarded oil, and told them to publish that Oil discovered and drilling will start soon. Norwegians laughed at Appe Aanduwa.

        Dutugemunu was a Hindu King. In the third century BCE Buddhism did not go that far. It developed in the Northern plain just around 2 century CE. These guys throw discard engine oil in Thissamaharama and took photo of it and claiming it from plane Buddha flew to Lankawe. One has to have appropriate carbon dating for the Rajamaha Vihara. The actual building of it is not any time before the mid of 1st century CE. Even that is hard to accept because Buddhism might have coming from India only that time. Possibly the shape of Vihara is copied from Linga. Recent finding is Linga, Pyramid and Vihara are same concept. The word Vihara in Sanskrit and Pali meant temporary staying places, until the end Veda Period (Around 1st or 2nd century). The name adapted to Buddhist domes was only after that. This structure is not common outside other than Lankawe. So the structural shape concluded long after Buddhism arrived, did not come with Buddhism. If it were built before 1st century it might have another name too. The high possibility is a Shiva temple was rebuilt. German, British or American scientist has to Xa-ry the internal structure to understand what it was originally.

  • 11
    15

    “…the throat-cutting gesture by Brigadier Priyanka Fernando in London aimed at demonstrating Tamils…”

    Now that’s a lie. Or, more charitably, spin.

    The gesture was aimed, not a group of demonstrating Tamils, but a group of demonstrating Tigers/Tiger supporters. They happened to be Tamil, but there were plenty of banners there and none of them were of any organization other than the LTTE.

    A demonstration by a group carrying only al Qaeda or Isil banners is not a demonstration of those of whichever country or ethnicity they belong to, but a demonstration precisely of…al Qaeda or Isil supporters.

    • 7
      3

      Spin Doctor Dayan,
      No one is interested in your opinions or comments. Thanks. The playing field is the upper ground at ‘Asgiriya’, not the bottom one where we used to play ‘Hockey’.

    • 9
      3

      Dayan the racist

      Well there are people who can see the wood for the trees.
      Well there are people who can’t see the wood for the trees.
      Well there are people who are sympathetic to Tigers.
      Well there are also people who have victims of state sponsored terrorism.
      Well there are mad people in this world.

      The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter.
      -Winston Churchill

      Well you don’t need five minutes, one minute reading Dayan’s trash is more than enough. Did Winston Churchill, another alleged war criminal have Dayan in his mind when said what he said?

    • 3
      3

      D.J.
      It is Tamils who equate themselves to LTTE. They always prefer to call it ‘civil war’.
      Soma

    • 7
      2

      The throat cutting gesture is one that is commonly seen and used by thugs, mafia, hench-men, leaders and members of criminals gangs, arrogant low educated yakko types, gammay chandiya’s etc and certainly not by a professional disciplined soldier moreover in the rank of Brigadier. If you Dayan as a educated can justify this gesture as appropriate and right, their is no difference between you (mindset) and a three-wheel driver. No wonder this country never saw progress from day one after independence.

      • 5
        1

        Spark

        Please note most three wheel drivers are descent, civil, pleasant, rational, …………………….. unlike some in this forum.

        • 2
          0

          Dear Native V,

          Don’t forget, not along ago, we had a 3-wheel driver as Lord Mayor of Colombo. A few days after he took his office his wife, Her Ladyship, returned from the Middle East where she worked as a Domestic Aide. She was thereafter quartered in the Mayor’s Mansion – close to where I then lived. I recall those interesting days when the much despised Kudu Mervin arranged the Coronation of the Muslim tuk-tuk driver – an operation in which an underworld criminal, Collom, a Sinhala-only speaking Burgher gangster, was asked to provide his men and hardware to scare the other candidate for Mayor. Collom is now in heaven with his Master – an event in which the Kotahena Police played a part. People in the Bloemendahl area, Colombo North – will remember these events in all its freshness. Oh! Those were the days during the Rajapakse rule.

          Backlash

          • 0
            0

            Many thanks for all those details, Backlash.

            Many of my family now live in Maharagama. I wonder what will happen to that Urban Council, which was won by a Rajapaksa backed Independent Group?

    • 3
      1

      Dayan
      You cannot think laterally but try.
      If some one made the throat slitting gesticulation directed at MR at one of his rallies, will you look for the flag carried? But what will happen? (Hint: Ask Lord Naseby)

    • 2
      1

      Dayan [edited out]

      What the equally stupid Brigadier has done is to give rejuvenation to those who feel the need to carry the Tiger flags! You will never learn; unfortunately arrogance and primitive disposition will never leave Sri Lankans.

      I may be less educated than you, but I certainly know that people of authority and positions have inherent responsibility to behave.

      It is about time you grow up a little!

    • 3
      0

      Dayan, those who demonstrated that day may be LTTE supporters, but I can assure you that they were articulating the view of majority of Tamils about crimes committed and still being committed by Srilanka government and their agents. Therefore the signal given by that Horikadaya is directed to entire Tamil community as well. Most of the Tamils in UK do not want to take part in these, but are giving tacit support. To prove it, few days later there was another much larger demonstration by other Tamil groups.

    • 0
      0

      In the North election meetings SLFP raised the LTTE Tiger flag, played LTTE Tiger music and they openly declared they too have the Tamil National feeling. This is not something happened in London. But no one reported that any Rapist Army who was guarding the meeting showing the throat cutting sign language to the SLFP in North.

      Thero’s Sinhala Only Jury formula is not the one decides who LTTE is, who Tamils are and where the Tamil Eelam is. It’s TNA and TNPF’s victory is the one telling who the Tamils are. Thero has no moral authority to talk about Tamils after he defended the Zero Casualty against Tamil, which now is accepted by the man who committed it. Further, when he returned back to airport last week, he described this rowdy Brigadier as a mad man and would not have attempted that if his regime was in power. He possibly is blaming ultra-rowdy UNPyer, Navin Tissanayake, a partner of Thero in who all lack the knowledge of international diplomatic protocol.

      It is Rapist army’s actions are the one match the ISIS’s murders and rapes committed against Yazidi community. It is Lankawe Rapist Navy tried to sell Tamils by human trafficking exactly the same way ISIS sold Yazidi women and children. In the civilized corners of the world, in 21st century, only ISIS and Rapist army carried out that type violence against humanity.

      Probably in the history, by fearing of being trapped into war crime inquiry, only Old King refused accept the leadership of party, which swept all the seats in South; Only one person refused to accept the offered Premiership after the victory. The Jewel in the crown is, he called Ranil and told Rail not to resign so that he would not be bothered to accept the PM position. When Rajitha broke the news out then accused Rajitha as a liar.

  • 5
    5

    Braigadier’s incident is exaggerated well out of proportion. did you ever chekc whether the making the gesture was exactly meant to say that throats of LTTE cadres would be cut. If yoiu can prove it. It was just LTTE know how they created propaganda to support Tamil politicians. Sinhala politicians used it I suppose. You can psychologize but finally it comes to emotions. Don’t expect Army fellows to be Robots. They are laos human and there is a limit harassing. So, your logices do not apply.

    • 2
      3

      Jim softy the dimwit

      “. did you ever chekc whether the making the gesture was exactly meant to say that throats of LTTE cadres would be cut.”

      I thought he was scratching his b***s which were stuck in his throat?
      Are they his?

      Where is he now?
      Did he return to his guard duties the next day?
      Is he hiding behind his wife and daughters, a typical Sri Lankan army man?
      Do you think he has ruined his children’s education in the UK by his angry scratching of his b***s?

  • 8
    0

    I am sorry that, as I feared, the discussion descends to the personal and the particular: my intention was abstract and generalised.

    PS. Needless to say, the two pictures are the choice of the editors of Colombo Telegraph – the second, I’d never seen before.

    • 3
      0

      Yes, Prof. Sarvan.

      I share your disappointment.

      I think that I must say something to Mr K. S. Sivakumaran, whom I think I have met. Nice man.
      _

      Prof. Sarvan and I have exchanged a couple of e-mails, but we haven’t met. I don’t want to send him any more personal messages. He is much older than a guy sitting the “HSC in the late 1960s”. And he is not in good health. It is taxing for him to write anything.

      I’d rather he wrote articles for the benefit of all, rather than personal messages to me!

  • 1
    0

    Hi Jim softy,
    This was a wonderful informative post you shared on this page with the outstanding steps to destroy the black moles from face naturally at home from the Sensitive skin of hand in a seven days by using the hemp seed oil daily according to the period of a time after the recommendations of a doctor to get spotless skin with the usage of skin care products and remember the instructions of a doctor which help you to destroy this kind of disease rapidly , You must go to a doctor one time in a week for starting of proper treatment to destroy the black moles from face naturally at home appeared on the Sensitive skin of hand and finger in a summer season due to the effect of sun rays,Keep it in your mind don’t work in the light of sun because the heat of sun with the dust particles of sun rays increase the disease of black moles on face skin naturally due to the demaged of skin layers cells after the working of some time you notice the color of skin become black and moles are increased on the Sensitive skin of a body this is also a effect of skin cancer . So take care of skin and avoid to work in a light of sun . you also use a mask on the face if necessary to work in the light of sun and also use carrot in the food salad .
    Thanks.

  • 3
    1

    Thank you Prof Charles Ponnuthuai Sarvan for the comprehensive account of who a Soldier is quoting from various sources. It was illuminating reading.

    You may not remember me. When you were in the Upper Six sitting for the University Entrance examination (HSC) , I was in the Lower Six class at St,Joseph’s College , Maradana in the late 1960s.

    We have not spoken with each other, but I used to admire you for your knowledge of English Literature. The late Mr Kuruvilla was taking English for us.

    Here I am talking about your essay and have nothing to say anything about the ‘undiplomatic ‘incident in London on February 04,2018.

  • 6
    3

    The gesture the soldier made is a well-known Masonic threat. It is not to be taken literally. It was probably introduced to the SL military by the old British officers.

    • 7
      0

      Dear Dr Romesh Chakravarti,

      Yes, even when I first saw the Brigadier’s sign, “The sign of the Entered Apprentice” in Freemasonry came to mind, and that Masonic sign does indeed signify the throat cutting penalty for divulging any of the many signs illustrated here:

      http://www.ephesians5-11.org/handshakes.htm

      There are many more signs, and they are all supposed to be secret – but that was before the Internet exposed everything from Porn to the “Awful Secrets of God” (Awful used to mean what is now signified by the vogue word: “Awesome”).

      How the world changes!

      Please watch Brigadier Priyantha Fernando’s gesture in the 14 second Youtube video at the bottom of this article:

      https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/photographic-evidence-shows-throat-slitting-gesture-by-patriot-mimics-gruesome-habit/

      Note the position of the elbow; it has drooped. In giving the Masonic sign, the arm and elbow are strictly horizontal. Readers may actually find the blood-curdling words that appear in the Ephesians link quite fascinating. The words are strictly symbolic, and such things are NEVER done.

      I’m saying all this only because Romesh has “let the cat out of the bag” – all this is supposed to be secret. Don’t ask how a villager like me came to know all this!

      What are the chances of Brigadier Romesh F. having mimicked the sign from what he learnt in Masonry. Very remote. I hope that any of the few Freemasons currently in Sri Lanka and reading this will forgive these next comments. The problem with Masonry in Sri Lanka is that it’s become a snob thing, with everything being done in English, and now being confined to a handful of old men (women not allowed):

    • 5
      1

      Dr Romesh Arya Chakravarti: So the throat slitting gesticulation was no more that a common or garden Masonic threat? How about the infamous two-finger gesticulation? Is that also Masonic? Only retired SL Chief Justice Sarath N Silva will agree with you.
      You must be a political scientist mentored by Dayan.

      • 3
        0

        Thanks, K. Pillai.

        And Freemasons do only one throat-cutting for their stylised gesture – NEVER two.

        That was a clear threat by Priyantha Fernando. Please, My3, act with greater conviction. Minimum requirement: sack the Brigadier.

      • 3
        0

        Actually, Dr Romesh Arya Chakravarti, yours was, I feel, a well-meant and harmless comment. I don’t think you meant to “defend” this nasty Brigadier, and for another reason, that reference to Freemasons was timely. Many months ago (but not years), there was somebody writing as though Freemasonry was a very real and insidious threat. As I have pointed out, it is withering. Even when it mattered, it was not something evil; the ritual could be misunderstood unless it was all gone through, section by section, step by step, over a long period. All that ritual is effectively designed to create a powerful psychological experience whose effect is always salutary – even if vitiated by snobbery in Sri Lanka.

        Misunderstanding is easy; I wouldn’t recommend watching Youtube videos which look weird. Saying that may drive you to watching them: in that case remember that I’ve told you that going through all that LIVE can have a positive and profound effect on you.

        The Centre of Masonry in Sri Lanka is the Victoria Masonic Temple at Galle Face (going towards Slave Island). Uninitiated local residents (i.e. “ordinary peple”) apparently have two names for it : “Bella Kapana Palliya” (literally, “Neck-cutting Church”), and “Yakage Palliya” (the “Devil’s Church”).


        I’m an ex-Mason in Good Standing. When I joined, it was to humour a dear friend who has studied it deeply and to whom it means a lot.

    • 0
      1

      Dr. Romesh: BS. there are other explanations.

    • 4
      0

      Wow! Really? So what did he really mean?

    • 5
      0

      Romesh when did you escape from lunatic asylum. It is common for mad people to imagine that they are emperors, and therefore there is nothing surprising in you claim.

  • 2
    1

    Prof Saravan says

    >I am sorry that, as I feared, the discussion descends
    >to the personal and the particular: my intention
    >was abstract and generalised.

    To emphasize ” was abstract and generalised.”
    Of course absolutely unbiased too.

    No necessity to mention LTTE flags, Tiger emblems or Prabhakaran in the episode.
    Or to show photos of the same.

    For sure “abstract and generalised” article by Prof Sarvan

    sereno barr-kumarakulasinghe

    • 0
      0

      Prof. Sarvan,

      Sbarrkum is a Trump loving loony whose views are safely ignored.

  • 0
    1

    Dr Romesh Arya Chakravarti

    Aryan Sinhala descendant or a relative of HRH Regimus Kanagarajah, Emperor of Eleam
    https://www.jaffnaroyalfamily.org/

    too bad Dr. Romesh is not in line for succession to the Emperor of Eelam line
    https://www.jaffnaroyalfamily.org/familyrules.html
    Art. 12. – The Line of succession is as follows:

    Angelo Thomas Rajiendhar Sivathasan
    Anthony Gabbriel Laxman Naveen Sivathasan
    Joseph Rafaell Pravin Sivathasan
    Col. Soman Selvarajah
    Anthonypillai Gerard Joseph Pius
    Anthonypillai Reginold Michael

    I am impressed.

  • 6
    0

    Wonderful article. You should have been a professor of psychology

    • 0
      5

      This whole article is nothing but an anti-Sinhalese propaganda piece, as such he could be a professor of psychological warfare and propaganda.

  • 0
    3

    Demonstrations as warfare
    Tamil demostrations against the Sinhalese and Sri Lanka are nothing but mob attacks. Demonstrating is a democratical right, and demonstrations should be done in a peaceful manner to seek solutions. There is a place and time to demonstrate. Tamil demonstrations in the western countries are done by Tamil mobs and these demonstrations are nothing but warfare. Most of the time, the Tamils are acting against the rules of these countries too. In the 1950’s and 60’s the Tamils claim that they demonstrated peacefully – but how were demonstrations done? They sat on roads and blocked the traffic and shouted anti-Sinhalese violent slogans, demanding to implement anti-Sinhalese policies and the Tamils call them Satyagrahas! The Sinhalese are ofcourse not supposed to react in anyway, but and sit and take the nonsense from Tamils forever.
     
    The Tiger flag is a provocation in itself. The Tamil Tiger map is even more provactive. It shows the Sinhalese island cut in half and a violent roaring tiger in it. Years ago when I first saw the Tiger map, it was like a stab in the heart. The Tamils with all their roots in Tamil Nadu have a relatively superficial relationship to this island and therefore the Tamils will never understand what the Sinhalese feel.
     
    Brigadier Priyankara Fernando should not have done what he did. Losing control like that should not have happened, but according to the videos posted be the Tamils themselves, what happened outside the Sri Lankan embassy in London was not a demonstration, but a mob attack.

    • 1
      0

      Punchi Point with Punchi brain

      “Brigadier Priyankara Fernando should not have done what he did. Losing control like that should not have happened, “

      Imagine how the super smart ass patriot would have behaved in the war.

      “what happened outside the Sri Lankan embassy in London was not a demonstration, but a mob attack.”

      And let us have a report on, the number of innocent people, killed or injured, all collateral damages, any rape on men and women, estimate of all damages to properties, ……………………….. and a medical report on the causes of Priyankara’s insanity,….

      Stupid Punchi brain, you forgot to change your Avatar it is the same as the Link to LondonEpisode.

      Next time around make sure you use a computer from a different IP address.

      • 0
        1

        Why would I want to change my avatar? The links were posted separately in case CT deletes my whole post due to the url. Are you that slow, or simply crazy? FYI I do not use the same IP and I do not use my own IP either. I use IPs from many countries. Ask CT to check whether what I say is true or not (today Toronto Canada, last time I was here i.e a few days back I think it was Florida USA.). I do not care what Avatar I get. They all look the same, if you have not noticed yet.

  • 0
    0

    Please see the so called peaceful demonstration by Tamils. They have posted it themselves!
    See how they behave aggressively – one Tamil is blocking the road and walking up and down threateningly shoving his phone in the face of whoever is coming towards the doorway. (Looks like one person who is coming walking is Brigadier Priyankara).
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KknhFWdwU0A

    It is nothing but a mob attack.

    • 2
      0

      Link to LondonEpisode

      Was there a riot and anyone injured?
      Please take your flimsy charges to the London police and demand them to investigate and charge if the police feel they have case.

      This was not the first time people have protested in front of the High Commission. According to my friend none was provoked in the past.

      Note the super smart ass patriot too filming the protesters smug faced. It was mutual.
      By the way I hear the supporters of JVP terrorists too had demonstrated in front of the High Commission in the late 1980s. What were you doing then, sucking your thumb while your mum was singing you lullaby?

    • 1
      0

      Dear “Link to LondonEpisode”,

      I agree, having seen the entirety of the video, that it is unfortunate that those demonstrators used the Tiger flag, and I wish they didn’t have Prabhakaran Tee shirts.

      This is the problem with democracy.

      However, I agree with Native Vedda that we should be mature enough to stomach all this.

      And higher standards are expected of Governments than of “terrorists”.

      Also, it is dreadful to see just how many of us, Sinhalese, don’t stop with denouncing the LTTE, but go on to insult all Tamils.

      Both the Sinhalese and the Tamils have to stop acting in these childish ways.

      My message to all Tamils: Please highlight ALL your grievances, but please go easy on glorifying the LTTE. I grant that in some respects they were heroic, but the bottom line must be that they were, in far too many respects, terrorists.

      Demonstrations of this sort do not help anybody.

  • 0
    2

    Saivism was not prevalent among Tamils until way into the first centuries of Christian era. There is no mention of Lord Shiva in any of the Sangam literature. The first mention of Lord Shiva is in the Cilappadikaram in the 5-6th cenutry A.D. So how come Tamils claim having Ishwarams or Shiva temples anywhere prior to the Tamils started to worship Lord Shiva? The temple mentioned is most probably a Hindu temple of the Sinhalese, from the time the Sinhalese were Hindus.

    • 2
      0

      Stupid Punchi brain,

      You forgot to change your Avatar it is the same as the Link to LondonEpisode.

      Next time around make sure you use a computer from a different IP address.

      • 0
        2

        You don’t have to repeat yourself, Wannabe Vedda. You are actually dumb….. ( *LMAO*) I have already answered you and you write again the same thing. By the way you must be seriously retarded if you think you can report someone for using a different username.

  • 3
    0

    “The fault, dear Brutus, is not in our stars,
    But in ourselves, that we are underlings.”

    Those are the words that Shakespeare makes Cassius to use very early in “Julius Caesar”. It is the scene that introduces us to the main characters in the play. The first scene has merely given us the general mood of Rome, and none of the characters in that opening scene despite the stirring speeches they make appears again in the play:

    http://shakespeare.mit.edu/julius_caesar/full.html


    http://www.william-shakespeare.info/act1-script-text-julius-caesar.htm

    The second link is preferable. They both give the entire play. No, we don’t ever meet Marullus again in the play, although there is a later reference to their “being put to silence” – i.e. executed.


    Why has Charles Sarvan, no less than a Professor of English, “distorted” the words of the play? This is what he has said in a comment, which some may have missed:

    “My intention was abstract and generalised.
    I am sorry that, as I feared, the discussion descends to the personal and the particular.”

    He simplified the language because he is a good man trying desperately to communicate a message which I immediately understood (the first comment is by me) , but many readers (all Sinhalese like me!) have chosen to deliberately, and maliciously, distort all that Prof. Sarvan has said.

    Dear Punchi Point, I’m sorry that I have had to say this, but you have been the main culprit. I hope you will study carefully what this wonderful human being, Prof. Charles Ponnathurai Sarvan, has said in his twilight years, writing I’m sure with
    great difficulty.

    I’d like to have your views, Punchi Point, after which I shall be quite happy to respond to any concerns that you may have. Comments on this article will have to cease four days from now, on the 26th February 2018.

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