23 October, 2020

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Vadamarachchi – Was President JR A Traitor?

By Izeth Hussain

Izeth Hussain

Izeth Hussain

Several questions arose in my mind while reading the opening paragraphs of K.M. de Silva’s Sri Lanka and the Defeat of the LTTE (2012). In May 1987 the armed forces led by General Cyril Ranatunge routed the LTTE at Vadamarachchi, and Prabhakaran together with some of his top associates fled in disarray to Tamil Nadu where they were accommodated by the regional government. General Ranatunge had planned to proceed thereafter to Jaffna town and its environs, but he desisted on the orders of President JR Jayewardene. The reason for the President’s decision was that he had been warned by the Indian Government that the military move into Jaffna would be resisted by the Tamils, resulting inevitably in a blood bath and that would be unacceptable to India. The Indian Government took up that position because of pressure from Tamil Nadu.

The author points out that it took twenty two more years to complete what General Ranatunge had begun. “Those of us who knew what had happened were disappointed at the consequences of this Indian intervention but always felt that the LTTE could be defeated militarily ….” There followed the years and decades during which the defeatist notion prevailed that the war was unwinnable. “General Ranatunge’s Vadamarachchi campaign was one of the forgotten episodes of the struggle against the LTTE, forgotten by the politicians in Sri Lanka, including heads of government”. In his retirement he would talk about the success of the Vadamarachchi campaign to visitors, “especially those whom he trusted to be discreet …..”. General Sarath Fonseka, who was a lieutenant colonel in the Vadamarachchi operation, knew that the war was winnable and proceeded to win it in 2009.

Briefing the President of the intended Vadamarachchi battle plan

Briefing the President of the intended Vadamarachchi battle plan

We have to ask whether the Indian Government was justified in demanding that the armed forces desist from going into Jaffna, and whether President Jayewardene was justified in giving in to that demand. The specific question that arises in that connection is whether there was anything untoward in the Vadamarachchi operation, anything that went against the established norms of war, anything that in any way outraged the moral sensibility of the international community. The problem of food shortages in Jaffna was much bruited about in the weeks preceding the air-drop of 1987. During that period I was second-in-command at the Foreign Office, and I recall a significant exchange that I had with High Commissioner Dixit when he met me on a matter that had nothing to do with the ethnic problem. After finishing with that matter, I asked him what really was the food situation in the North. He began his reply with a statement that surprised me. It went something like this:”I am glad that at last someone has asked me that question”. It signified a serious failure in communication between the two Governments. He went on to say that at the moment people in Jaffna ate only one meal a day, which was inadequate for human sustenance, and sooner or later one or more persons would die of hunger. When that happened all hell would break loose in Tamil Nadu, and the Delhi Government would find itself in a difficult position.

However, none of that happened and the Government was not accused of using starvation of Tamil civilians as a weapon of war against the LTTE to any serious extent, which would have been regarded as morally reprehensible by the international community. There certainly were food shortages in the North but that was not a factor in the military operations that decided the outcome at Vadamarachchi. Furthermore there were no allegations of war crimes as in 2009. What took place in Vadamarachchi in 1987 was a straightforward military operation illustrating one of the basics of guerilla warfare: guerilla forces cannot win against Government troops in positional warfare except at the final stages after demoralization has gone far among the government troops and they start running, as in Vietnam in 1975.

So, taking count of prevailing international norms, nothing should have precluded General Ranatunge proceeding to Jaffna and ending the LTTE rebellion once and for all. We must bear in mind, above all, that the State has the primordial duty of putting down armed rebellion as otherwise it loses its very raison d’être: according to Weber’s definition the State legitimizes itself by having a monopoly of the means of violence. So why did the Indian Government demand that our troops desist from going into Jaffna and why did President JR succumb to that demand? Many Sri Lankans, perhaps most, will hold that it was a case of Indian imperialist bullying of a small neighbor. I hold that the explanation is that Rajiv Gandhi believed that he could bring about a negotiated solution of the ethnic problem, which would obviate a troublesome fall-out in Tamil Nadu of a LTTE military defeat. I believe that there was a division within the Indian Government on how to deal with the LTTE. I recall that on April 19, 1995, when the LTTE broke the ceasefire and started fighting again, the Indian Ambassador in Moscow told me that he was not in the least surprised by what had happened. While he was Advisor on foreign relations to Rajiv Gandhi he had led something like five rounds of talks with the LTTE led by Prabhakaran. He had come to the firm and abiding conclusion that Prabhakaran was a psychopath with whom it would never ever be possible to reach a negotiated solution. Alas, Rajiv G’s pacifist line prevailed in 1987.

Why did President JR succumb to the Indian demand? If there had been any responsible thinking on that demand it would have soon become apparent that the international community would frown on it. How can any sovereign state be denied the right, or rather the primordial duty, to put down an armed rebellion by military means? There would have been collateral damage of course but that could be easily contained, if necessarily with Indian help, considering the small extent of Sri Lankan territory. There was no reason to suspect that there would not be reasonable observance of humanitarian standards during the fighting. Considering all that, it would have soon become apparent that India would not have dared invade Sri Lanka over that demand. In that event it would have incurred widespread international opprobrium, and also it would have become embroiled in a thoroughly messy imbroglio in Sri Lanka.

The explanation for JR’s decision could just be that he committed a monumental blunder. He was certainly a man of enormous ability, as shown by the fact that he was the first South Asian leader to grasp that the State-centric economy could only brig further disaster. But in most ways his reign brought disaster for Sri Lanka because of his blunders. The question cannot be evaded – while acknowledging the possibility of a monumental blunder – whether he played the role of a traitor in 1987. This question arises because his nationalism has always been regarded as suspect, as attested by the fact that he was known for decades as Yankee Dick. There are Sri Lankans who believe that in reality he hated the Sinhalese, more particularly the Sinhalese Buddhists, the explanation for which they say is to be found in his family history. It is known that in the late nineteenth century and the early decades of the last century the low-country Sinhalese who rose into the elite sought status by marrying into the Kandyan aristocracy. JR’s family was a singular exception.

It is relevant to recall something that reportedly happened at one of Sir John Kotelawala’s famous egg-hopper breakfasts when he was Prime Minister. JR came to see him on some matter and when he was going away Sir John pointed at him and said, “That fellow wants to become Prime Minister. If he ever does, he will destroy this country”. The story was recounted to me also by a well-known Sri Lankan – his is a household name – who said that he was present on that occasion. I recall also what was said by the late Karl Goonewardene, Professor of History, when some horrible injustice perpetrated by the 1977 Government was being discussed by some of us. It went something like this: “The problem really is JR. He hates the people of this country, and since that is so he can only bring disaster to this country.” I recalled Karl while the horror of July ’83 was taking place, and I recalled him also while reading the first few paragraphs of de Silva’s book.

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Latest comments

  • 7
    5

    Yes JRJ is a traitor. He is the one who was responsible for massacre of tamil civilians in 1958 and 1983. He is the one who created LTTE. LTTE is the only one that fought against Indian invasion. Mahinda was a traitor who was behind JVP terrorists and asked for UN investigation against SL military?

  • 2
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    Yes JR did things to Sri Lanka that only an enemy would. Most of the turmoil in Sri Lanka, after his departure from politics, and for a long time to come, can be traced to JR.

    In Prabakaran was a psychopath JR too made the grade. If there is an Apaya one will find him there.

  • 11
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    Dear IH, your conclusion that JR did a monumental blunder in surrendering to India in 1987, shows your imbecility. Naturally with people like you in the foreign service, the country was in a pathetic state internationally. JR up to that time did all what he wanted, banking on the support of US and western countries. I was working in Jaffna at that time and know what happened. JR was told by India, not to start the assault named “operation liberation” but he ignored it. After clearing Vadamaradchy, Army was preparing to move towards Valigamam and Jaffna in a westerly direction and towards Thenmaradchy in a southerly direction. Again India asked him to stop it, but he ignored.

    You are correct that the army did not commit any war crimes during the first phase, though there were several atrocities committed on non-combatant Tamils, attributed to the armed forces prior to it. Also as stated by you there was no starvation in Jaffna, though government had enforced an economic embargo in January 1986 several months prior to this assault, which had resulted in food, medicine and fuel shortage. People were subjected to indiscriminate bombing / shelling, arbitrary arrests and disappearances, summary executions etc.

    India made use of the situation of the suffering of people for it’s advantage. At first India sent non armed boats carrying food, hoping that the message will be taken by srilanka. But it did not work and the next thing was to send fighter planes over Jaffna air space to demonstrate that they are serious. JR did not capitulate at first, but asked for assistance from US and the west. They politely told him to settle the difference with India without taking a confrontational stance, and due to this JR had no other option.

    If JR did not surrender, India would have come in, irrespective of what the rest of the world think, just like what happened in Bangladesh in 1972. JR did the correct thing in the interest of the country. Of course he had other ideas of cheating India and Tamils, after surrendering. It is due to the position taken by JR, that India watered down the devolution package to Tamils in order to help him to overcome the opposition of the Sinhalese. Your thinking is bigoted with anti-Indian feelings and you are unable to be rational.

    • 5
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      Dr.Sankaralingam, Mr. Hussain,

      I was there at home in Vadamaradchi then, and the SLA did shell indiscriminately. Civilian homes and temples were hit and many people died. I fully remember how agitated my parents were in trying to keep the family safe from SLA bullets and shells. They asked me to try to sleep under the table in the hope that, if the roof came down due to shelling, the table would give some protection.

      Also, during the operation, SLA asked people to gather at temples and then arrested all men in the 16–50 age group, forced them to walk more than 8 miles to their camps, in an early version of the use of “human shields” by the military. The arrested people were all taken to Boosa/Galle where they were held in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions for a few weeks before most of them were released. It was a precursor to the conditions in Menik Farm in 2009.

      In those days, people would dig bunkers in their homes to run to safety when there was aerial bombing. So some elderly relatives of mine who tried to seek shelter in their bunkers from shells were shot and killed by the marauding SLA soldiers.

      So there were indeed war crimes, though it wasn’t comparable to what happened in the Vanni in 2008/2009; there were no multi-barrel rocket launchers and intense artillery bombardment then. What happened in SL is that as the crimes by both sides steadily worsened, people started forgetting and underplaying earlier atrocities. This is a worldwide phenomenon now; with the beheadings and chemical weapons use in Syria, Iraq and the wider middle-east, the GoSL and its diplomats look at countries with much worse atrocities worldwide and proudly proclaim their own internal wars were “relatively” clean. The victims and their advocates cannot allow such deception.

      Moreover, Mr. Hussain, ever the statist, has bought into the false claims that Vadamaradchi operation had broken the back of the LTTE and if allowed to continue at that time, it would have been the end of the LTTE.

      Though the LTTE had encircled SLA camps with some sentries and pretended to be able to prevent any breaking out of the SLA from their camps, the reality known well to the people was that the LTTE had only some pick-up trucks and mounted guns, and were no real match to the SLA as a conventional force.

      They were still essentially a guerilla group that pretended it had conventional capability. So when confronted with a coordinated tri-forces operations by the SL military, the LTTE simply mined the areas close to the SLA camps and withdrew with minimal casualties. Army’s push largely killed civilians. After the operation was called a success, though the army controlled the main roads and put some roadblocks and sentries, the LTTE still freely operated in the hinterlands, especially at nights.

      So, although Operation Liberation gave the lie to LTTE’s pretentions of being a conventional force, something already known to the public, it was nowhere near breaking the back of the LTTE as a guerrilla force capable of continuing devastating attacks on the military for several years into the future.

      But this fiction of “defeating” the LTTE in Vadamaradchi was maintained by the State, with people in the South calling Lalith Athulath Mudali as “Vadamaradchi Veeraya,” and historians and statist ex-diplomats are still peddling that claim.

      • 4
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        Thanks Agnos for your information. I have stated that there were crimes committed by the security forces on non combatant Tamils during their operation, such as indiscriminate bombing / shelling, arbitrary arrests and disappearances, summary executions etc, which you are also confirming. I think that it is time to expose this fellow IH, as a charlatan and a blatant liar with a skewed mentality.

        • 3
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          Vadamarachchi operation was a stepping stone for the armed militancy as much as July 83.
          I was a teenager at that time in Jaffna and I agree with what Agnos and Dr Sangaralingam say.

          Mr IH need to apologise to us for concocting half truths and hurting the sentiments of an already battered community.

          I do not think he has the bxxls to counter the above arguments.

        • 2
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          My issue with Izeth Hussain was whether or not he wrote in the Island (2006) calling upon the Govt to use famine as a weapon against millions of Tamil civilians in an effort to break the backbone of the resistance by radical Tamil youth against the State. That was a suggestion that would have stood opportunity-seeking men like Hussain well with the administration then. Things have turned differently since.

          For months on end this “ex-diplomat, high intellectual and brilliant political analyst” (his words) denied this – often resorting to enraged polemics and calling names in the nature of the gutters. He was clearly in the belief I may have lost the record of the publication. I did – since I do not always keep details of all what I read. Until an alert reader kindly came out with it – on May 13. I had my say on the same day and let matters lie there. I did not want to rub it in further – since the man was exposed as a serial liar, publicly ridiculed and down.

          As to be expected, in the obstinate nature of the man, he rambles and murmurs along – foolishly clinging on the argument his was “a question and not a recommendation” – a line of argunment even those famed Marines would sneer at.

          All this after he was named and shamed. He shows neither grace nor finesse. It is clearly too much to expect him to apologise or show remorse for months of public lying.

          But here is the man again – frothing and fuming against Dr.GS and having an unnecessary snide at me compelling me to respond – a clearly unpleasant task. I saw Dr. Nesiah’s article in the Island last week. The careful and cultured gentleman avoided the question of Hussain’s suggestion of using starvation as a weapon against the Tamils during the war. I do not blame him for that. Who wants to get into an unnecessary controversy – particularly one that involves a reckless and much reviled Writer like Hussain – who courts unnecessary trouble most of the time?

          Now that he has forced me to me come in, I wonder what Messrs. R. Sampanthan, Fr. Emmanuel and former diplomat Bandula de Silva have to say now. Hussain, after all, referred to them in a form of defence for his non-existent “pro-Tamil” credentials.
          I locked horns with Hussain only because he insulted – over and over again – the Tamil community for no reason at all. I will do so in the future against him or anybody – even if I am the last Tamil writer in these pages to do so. I have no further interest in this Hussain or any mother’ son.

          One wonders why Hussain wrote this controversial article calling JRJ as a traitor. There is no Anniversary connected either with him or the 1987 issue around. The only conclusion is Hussain is deeply wounded for being exposed as a liar. JRJ, with many faults and foibles, remains a formidable political leader. It was his plans on Tourism, the free trade, free economy that sustains millions of lives in employment today. It cannot be a healthy mind that choses to trash such a man with low jibes.

          As we see, Dr.GS is not the only one to call Izeth Hussain “a charlatan and blatant liar with a skewed mentality” and that includes Muslims as well. The Hussain we are familiar with will care less.

          Kettikaran

          • 1
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            There are two matters I wish to add to my earlier comments today.

            1. In bringing the “JRJ is a Traitor” issue is Hussain trying to gain
            back lost territory where he was caught lying. Naturally, whatever was left as what goes as his “credibility” now lies shattered after May 13.

            2. I have no objection to his articles being featured in The Island or the Colombo Telegraph. After all, he is well informed, articulate and eminently readable – as I have commented before. What he must observe restraint is in his giving vent to his abundant and natural anti-Tamil prejudice.

            Kettkaran

            • 1
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              This Ketti is quite mad. I have no time for him.There are now only two Fringistas who are still going at it against me – he and Dr GS. They don’t represent the mainstream Tamils. The latter are represented by Dr Nesiah who writes that while he agreed with ninety percent of what I wrote in the nineties, he now agrees with ninety nine percent of what I write – IH

              • 0
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                “The latter are represented by”
                IH
                I do not understand your grammar.I think you lost the plot.

                I do not know kettikaran, Agnos or Dr GS. But, I am angry that you are getting away with out apologising for saying there were no atrocities happened during the early ‘Eelam’ war.

                I lost four of my productive years, trying to get through school and enduring hardships and lost an academically brilliant friend during that period.

                If you think that you have an iota of dignity, you should either apologise or defend that there were no atrocities.

              • 1
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                Again you are wrong. The main stream Tamil views are represented by TNA, who have received overwhelming support from the Tamils for their stand on rights of Tamil people. I am in agreement with not only their policies, but also their approach to win the just demands of the Tamils. Devanesan Nesiah is not a representative of Tamils, and neither he nor myself have staked any such claim. As stated by Kettikaran, if Devanasan Nesiah has covered up your crime in his article of asking government to starve Tamils in order for them to surrender, then he has lost his credibility.

        • 1
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          I agree with Dr.Gnana Sankaralingam & Agnos. At that time the LTTE was a guerilla group. But the fact remains that innocent people were assaulted and majority of the youngsters taken to Boosa were innocent. Soon after the Operation Liberation the LTTE blew up a building at the Nelliyady Central College where a number of Armed Forces were killed. Thereafter it was a case of violation of human rights committed on innocent Tamils. I know the struggle we (Kumar Ponnampalam and some lawyers) had to secure the release of those detenus. This is also part of the struggle for freedom, but unfortunate it had deviated its direction with the passage of time.

      • 1
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        Agnos – you write about me as “ever the statist” and end with “statist ex-diplomats”. What on earth are you talking about? My political position is very close to that of the anarchists in that I share with them a hatred of the state.I believe that I have already written somewhere that “The state is always, either actually or potentially, the enemy of the people”.
        As for the Sri Lankan state, I was given very fair treatment by the SLFP. But after 1977 I was treated for the most part like a pariah dog.I was subjected to much worse discrimination than any of the Tamil officers.I went as Ambassador to Moscow from 1995 to 1998, but after that I was not offered any post of Advisor or Consultant unlike several of my former colleagues.I have not been the special beneficiary of Sri Lanka’s racist state. I don’t regard you as a Frigista but you seem to have swallowed Fringista bull-stuff about me.
        Your comment has valuable material, for which many thanks. – IH

        • 2
          1

          Mr. Hussain,

          I meant that, as far as Tamil issues are concerned, you seemed to have a tendency to accept the version of truth peddled by those aligned to the GoSL, people like Dayan Jayatilleka and most of the Colombo-based media commentators.

          I have been in the US since the early 1990’s and I don’t get the time to read Colombo-based media frequently, so whatever little I know about you are from my earlier readings of the Island while an undergrad at Peradeniya in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s, and more recently on CT. I don’t have any reason to hate you except that I would like you to show more skepticism of the Sinhalese establishment’s views on Tamil and Muslim issues show some solidarity with the suffering people. Beyond that, I don’t allow other people’s emotional reactions to color my own views.

          • 2
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            Agnos – thanks very much for your sober reply.The notion of me as a member of the establishment and a statist is a projection of the Fringistas. I have given you the facts to refute that. I and Dayan are poles apart. My views are very remote from those of the Sinhalese racists. I have been extremely outspoken about their treatment of both the Tamils and the Muslims. Your reading of my articles has been very intermittent, so that you have formed the wrong image of me.
            Your account of what actually happened during the Vadam operation is very valuable and very well written. It should be published. I have not the least doubt that atrocities were committed. I have no illusions that an extension of the Vadam operation would have led to a quick defeat of the LTTE. Guerilla warfare would have continued.But the final outcome would have been less horrific than the final outcome of 2009. I hope to make that point in the third and final part of my article. – IH

            • 1
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              Mr. Hussain,

              OK, I agree up to a point. On the matter of the final outcome in 2009, I think the main thing that made the LTTE into a conventional force was that after Premadasa and VP came to an agreement to send the IPKF back,the security vacuum created by the IPKF exit was used by the LTTE to control vast areas; from that point onward, despite later SLA operations in Jaffna, with its control of land in the Vanni and the East, it was able to grow itself into something resembling a conventional force. So there is plenty of blame to pass around.

    • 2
      1

      To the reader re Dr GS’s response. In my recent three-part article on the Fringistas – my shorthand for the Tamil lunatic fringe anti-Muslim racists – I used the phrase “hysterical hatred and mad-dog rage” to characterize some of their attacks om me. That I was not being excessive is shown by GS’s opening sentence: “your conclusion that JR did a monumental blunder in surrendering to India in 1987,shows your imbecility”The word “imbecility” clearly shows mad dog rage.
      I will explain why.I believe that the Fringista attacks against me in the CT which went on for several months was part of a campaign to stop me being published in the Island and the CT. The campaign failed and the attacks stopped, but a few stragglers have continued the attacks.Since the CT would not stop publishing me Dr GS actually pleaded with me to stop sending my articles to the CT because it is an “honorable website”.Can one beat that for sheer imbecility? The Island and CT continue to publish me. Are they imbeciles? Dr Devanesan Nesiah wrote in the Island of May 19 that while in the nineties he agreed with ninety percent of what I wrote, he now agrees with ninety nine percent of what I write.Is he too an imbecile? The truth is that DrGS is a Fringista of prime quality and therefore whatever I write fills him with hysterical hatred which makes him spew forth in mad dog rage – Imbecility! – IH

      • 2
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        Mr Hussein
        I do not think either Dr.GS or Agnos are contesting the state’s right to suppress an armed rebellion. Their main bone of contention is that war crimes did take place during the Vadamarachchi operation AKA ‘operation liberation’.

        I got the impression from you writing that the military exercise was conducted without ” collateral damage”.

        I do not want to digress into talking one’s imbecility, because I think readers in CT are intelligent enough to understand what is going on.

      • 1
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        Dear IH, you are unable to accept constructive criticism and coming out with all sorts of nonsense to attack me. What I have been telling you is to write the truth, not half truths or lies.
        I am a straight forward person who calls a spade a spade. You are egoistic and think that you know everything and no one should question you about your blunders. For your information, I was supported by Muslims, when I was contested by a Sinhalese for an important position, in which I won. Please stop calling people names and respond to criticism in a civilised manner.

        • 1
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          This Dr GS seems to be a thoroughly eccentric character. He wants me to respond to criticism “in a civilised manner”.But it’s the same man who calls me an “imbecile”. Evidently that’s his idea of writing in a civilised manner. However he does seem to want to engage in serious dialogue with me. I will consider it provided he gives clear answers to the following questions: “1)Why does he want to engage in dialogue with a person he regards as an imbecile? 2) Does he regard the Editors of the Island and CT as imbeciles because they continue to publish the writings of the imbecile IH ? 3)Does he regard Dr Nesiah as an imbecile because he says that he agrees with ninety nine percent of what IH writes? – IH

          • 2
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            I used the word imbecile because you are behaving like a fool. You have certain agenda and you are trying to twist things to suit it. You have demonstrated in your previous writings that you have an anti-Indian and anti-Tamil agendas, and now you are angry with what JR government did to you and because of that you are coming out with your cock eyed analysis. I do not bother to read anything in Island news paper because since Vijitha Yapa left the paper, it has become overtly racist. CT is publishing articles written by people like Dayan Jayatilleke and HLD Mahindapala also, which like your ones have no intellectual value, but because it believes in freedom of expression. So please stop boasting about yourself and your articles.

            • 1
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              Dr GS – I posed certain pointed questions, to which you failed to reply. Understandable. You can’t reply without showing yourself capable of imbecilic behaviour – alas, too often.
              You write that the CT publishes articles of no intellectual because it believes in freedom of expression.Really! Did the Editor tell you so? Or has he declared that as his policy in writing? Answer and also answer my earlier questions. – IH

              • 2
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                IH – The headlines of your articles show that you are not a fair minded person. For example this article should have been, “Post Vadamarachy – Was JR right or wrong”. Instead of that you show your bigoted thinking and say ? traitor. You ask people with higher IQ than yourself. They will all say that JR’s move was a brilliant one. This move started a rift between LTTE and India which culminated in the murder of Rajiv Gandhi and subsequent Indian help in crushing LTTE. If JR had not surrendered the history would have been different with humiliation to the country.
                In your article about eastern province, you are attacking Tamils and even a mild Tamil will find fault with you, because every Tamil in the eastern province know that they are showing severe restrain in the extreme provocation by the Muslims. Recently, the Tamil UNP organiser for Batticaloa has stated that a Muslim Parliamentarian called Hisbullah had brought Arabs and Pakistanis to Vaharai area with a view to sell lands from which the Tamils were forced out by Muslim home guards and Sinhala security forces.

                • 1
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                  Don’t waste my time, Doc Gnana. I asked you how you expect to engage in serious dialogue with a person who according to you is an imbecile. You fail to reply.I asked you how do you explain the fact that the Island and the CT continue to publish the writings of a supposed imbecile. You fail to reply.I asked you how you explain the fact that Dr Nesiah says that he agrees with ninety nine percent of what this supposed imbecile writes.No reply. You declared that the CT publishes articles of no intellectual value because its policy is to allow freedom of expression. I asked how did you know that. No reply.
                  The truth is that you exemplify the Fringistas at their very worst. As soon as you start reading me you are filled with hysterical racist hatred and that issues in expletives expressive of mad dog rage – imbecile, fool,stupid. Stop making an ass of yourself. Go away. – IH

                  • 0
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                    “I asked you how you expect to engage in serious dialogue with a person who according to you is an imbecile”

                    Then the”Imbecile”finishes by saying “imbecile, fool,stupid. Stop making an ass of yourself. Go away. – IH”.

                    Sorry. I could not make whether this is a serious discussion. I am surprised by your refined diplomatic language skills!

                    I think the main themes of your articles
                    1. was JR a traitor? ( I remember a slogan used by LTTE during the war was based on JR’s famous warning to tamils, ( porr enraal Porr, samathanam enraal samathanam)

                    2. Did atrocities take place during operation liberation? This was clearly explained to you and you seems to agree with your reply to agnos.

                    I do not agree with Dr GS calling you an imbecile, However, It looks like you are in the same board trading insulting remarks instead of focusing on the real issues.
                    bye

      • 1
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        Izeth hussain

        RE: Title: Vadamarachchi – Was President JR A Traitor?

        Was this the Title?

        Was President JR A Traitor? No. He was a pragmatic cunning one.

        The younger ,Rajiv Ghandhi, With the Ego of India, fell into the trap and got bogged down.

        The cunning JR almost got the Indians to do the dirty job for him, Defeat the LTTE.

        Now, Imbecile is not the Title nor “imbecility”

        May be you need a new Title, to cover all those Imbeciles and “imbecility” you are talking about.

        Imbecile was a medical category of people with moderate to severe intellectual disability, as well as a type of criminal.[1][2] The term arises from the Latin word imbecillus, meaning weak, or weak-minded. It included people with an IQ of 26–50, between “moron” (IQ of 51–70) and “idiot” (IQ of 0–25).[3]

        Were they funded by Norway, LTTE, Israel and the West?

        The Various Norwegian Agencies That Supported BBS Personnel
        Prof. Rajiva Wijesinha MP

        https://www.colombotelegraph.com/index.php/the-various-norwegian-agencies-that-supported-bbs-personnel/

        • 0
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          Izeth hussain

          Thre are 3 Categories of Imbeciles..

          Category I: “idiot” (IQ of 0–25)

          Category II: IQ of 26–50,

          Category III: “moron” (IQ of 51–70)

          Most of those who voted for Malinda Rajapaksa and those who boycotted or abstained with Average IQ of 65 fall into this category, “moron”.

          You have you work cut out for you, writing about these Imbeciles..

  • 6
    3

    During Vadamarachi operation apart from the rounding up and massacre of civillians the SL troops dropped barrels of human refuse ( human excreta,) from helicopters and cargo planes in Uddupity and other places. This is deemed to contain salmonella, e-coli and botulism bacteriae.

    This is actual biological weapons. With what inent they dropped this barrels of human excreta and on whose order. There may be witnesses still living for this incidents.

    It appeared in the media several times. What the International media and Un agencies did. The lawyers too???

    Still no one seemed to bother about it. Those who preach against biological weapons may relax on these news and laugh because it was drooped on the para thamilaians.

  • 1
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    Izeth Hussain

    RE: Vadamarachchi – Was President JR A Traitor?

    “General Ranatunge had planned to proceed thereafter to Jaffna town and its environs, but he desisted on the orders of President JR Jayewardene. The reason for the President’s decision was that he had been warned by the Indian Government that the military move into Jaffna would be resisted by the Tamils, resulting inevitably in a blood bath and that would be unacceptable to India. The Indian Government took up that position because of pressure from Tamil Nadu.”

    It is quite interesting, that during April-May 2009, President Mahinda Rajapaksa was also under considerable international Pressure for a cease fire and truce of 2 days, so that LTTE could recoup and attempt to escape, and fight another day. Gen. Sarath Fonseka says that the 2-day truce was used by LTTE to organize a counter attack and they had to fall behind and lost a lot of men. Fortunately, the Armed Forces were given the space to complete their mission, despite considerable international pressure.

    Listen to Part 4 on the Video.

    #SriLanka #Lanka #Colombo #Mahinda #Rajapaksa #Sarath #Fonseka Describes The war and victory and the Planning

    https://youtu.be/fTUtnMyvwJk?list=PL8rt5TRrsBRp7asssvJoqWit7V_rgkKbh

  • 6
    1

    “Why did President JR succumb to the Indian demand? If there had been any responsible thinking on that demand it would have soon become apparent that the international community would frown on it. How can any sovereign state be denied the right, or rather the primordial duty, to put down an armed rebellion by military means?”
    JR was a fox. He knew that the politically naive Rajiv Ghandi can be used to defeat the LTTE. He almost succeeded at this. It was ordered by Dixit(Indian Consul)to summon Prabakaran for a meeting and kill him secretly. But the commander of Indian forces refused to do so.) Refer to the memoirs of the commander.

  • 3
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    Izeth

    One sincerely hopes you have more evidence than what you heard from others about JR for your finding that he hated the Sinhala people.

    Was Sir John known for his political acumen and impartiality and balance for us to take seriously someone’s report of a remark at some informal occasion or other?

    Was Prof Karl Gunawardene made prof or earn his academic qualifications on his researches on human loves and hates?

    Hating the sinhala people? what kind of evidence and how much of it is enough to evidence for this kind of a character assassination of any person?

    What game are you playing Izeth?Peddling gossip and pretending it is some kind of wisdom!

    Have you not known the sense of trying the cock-up explanation before any conspiracy explanation?

    And
    ‘There would have been collateral damage of course but that could be easily contained, if necessarily with Indian help, considering the small extent of Sri Lankan territory. There was no reason to suspect that there would not be reasonable observance of humanitarian standards during the fighting.”

    No reasonIzeth? How much have you read Izeth on the horrors of the war? Or are you selectively sleepy when you read?

  • 2
    1

    Very interesting Mr.Hussain.

    JR was a very complex personality no doubt.J.N Dixit says so in his book.But the fact remains even his Diplomacy went awry.
    The PARIPPU drop of Premier Rajiv Ghandhi in July 1987 may have robbed him of Victory against the LTTE: But, on the other hand if JR had not read that signal in its proper perspective,SriLanka may have ended up as another state of India!

    • 1
      2

      Plato

      “SriLanka may have ended up as another state of India!”

      Small correction.The northeast would have ended up as a state of`india but with special status such as in kashmir.It is still on the cards mate and is india’s most viable option,with a UN sponsored referendum like in east timor to grant it legitimacy and recognition in the UN.India does not want to govern 15 million rebellious sinhalese and have that headache,but would love to govern just 1.7 million tamils,with the trincomalee harbour and secure their backdoor with massive amount of troops like they have in north and east borders of india.It is going to end up one4 way or another,the north east as a federal state of srilanka or india.Nothing can stop that.If the sinhalese are stubborn and don’t give federalism as early as possible then the tamils will be pushed into federalism with india.

      The west will tell maithri or whoever comes after him to sort out their problems with india whenever they go complaining that india is going to annex the north an east,albeit with a referendum,not military force.

      What the sinhalese must understand is geopolitical reality,that srilanka is on india’s turf,as Izeth Hussein rightly pointed out in one of his earlier articles.There is an unwritten code among the big powers not to tread on each others turf.India is 40% the economic size of US,EU and china,but with one and a qtr billion people the gap will be narrowed and it will also join these as a big power one day.Then te fun will start for srilanka,just like now the fun has started for the neighbours of china,but with india the US`will not interfere.

      My advise to the sinhales is give a federal system for the tamils,before india gives it first.First fully implement the 13th amndment and wait and see for the north and east provincial councils moderates to take over gradually getting rid of the hardline elements.Then after trust has been established between the two communities start increasing the devolution and wean away the tamils from india which is courting them with houses and railways etc?

      keeping a festering wound for a long time is asking for trouble when gangrene sets in and amputation is necessary to save the rest.

  • 5
    4

    Who told Dixit Tamils in Jaffna was close to starvation? Last week, a meeting of various HR groups in USA advises the US govt on similar lines.

    There are various Tamil groups who constantly lie, con and distort the reality to give a wrong impression to agencies and various governments. Its a incredible level of deceitfulness that does not prevail elsewhere.

    India fell for it then. Although after 2 failed interventions it learnt how the Tamils operate. If one needs to find a permanent solution the perpetual Tamil nuisance then one has to accept the reality despite the need for unhelpful political correctness.

    • 2
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      Vibushana,

      “There are various Tamil groups who constantly lie”
      You and your friends are the one who constantly lie, twist,..
      You don’t tell about history of cinnamon peelers, toddy tapers

      We tell the truth about
      Sinhalisation –
      http://sangam.org/systematic-colonization-northern-eastern-provinces/
      warcrimes –
      http://www.channel4.com/programmes/no-fire-zone/on-demand
      http://www.channel4.com/programmes/sri-lankas-killing-fields
      http://www.channel4.com/microsites/S/sri-lankas-killing-fields/The Uncorrupted Truth_R7.pdf

    • 1
      1

      @Malayali origin Vibhushana

      Who the hell are you to find solutions to Tamils first?

      Your grandfather..father ..cousins..uncle all are responsible for the formation of LTTE..

      Soon all you shits will cry when either Chinese or West divide this country and they know who are intelligent

      HE HE HE TODAY THEY ALL TALK ABOUT SL TAMILS AT UN..DELHI..LONDON..PARIS AT GOVERNMENT LEVEL
      you art too late for your show

      You are all cowards all these 30 years ran and hide under bed with your wives when you heard the name of LTTE

      not only you during 2009 May when LTTE planes fly over Colombo MURDERPAKSE went and hide under table
      while attending a dinner..he he he

      You have lion blood eh? this is why you love to butcher Tamils since 1956 this is why Buddhist tepees have got paintings of killing and burning …what religion preach sucking blood

  • 1
    1

    Izeth Hussain

    Have you got any idea of what happened to S. Sivathasan who was a regular contributor to CT?

    He is missing since President Sirisena came into power.

    Earlier he was an advisor President Chandrika and North Eastern province Chief Minister Varatharaja Perumal.

    Is he employed by any of these personalities?

  • 1
    2

    JR had many faults, but being a traitor to Sri Lanka was NOT one of them. If anything he was quite the opposite, though he did his best to hide his true feelings as he went about his political machinations. JR, for all his experience and capabilities, had a weakness to ‘freeze’ at crucial moments when he felt he was losing control, as at the outbreak of Black July in 1983. He also appeared to vacillate on decisions that ‘appeared’ obvious, but JR always looked further than his nose.

    Izeth Hussain is of course well qualified to comment on events at that time. However, looking back at events like Vadamaratchchi, it is easy to simplify judgement without a full understanding of the dynamics of that time; and particularly knowing fully the facts that JR had to grapple with as he went about making his decisions, and JR was a master at holding cards very close to his chest.In any case, it is far too early to judge those events as all the evidence is still not in.

    Apropos Sir John’s crude breakfast jibe at JR’s expense, only those who fully understood the historical relationships in the family will understand their regular point scoring. In any case, the ‘Bandung Booruwa’ had a long history of firing wounding barbs at all around him for no other reason other than he got out on the wrong side of his bed that morning.

    However, history has a habit of taking ironic turns. It was JR who as President awarded Sir John, on his death bed, his final accolade.

    • 1
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      Spring Koha – thanks for your carefully considered comment. As soon as I finished my article and sent it off I realised that it needed clarifications and expansion. I hope to provide them in my next article. I raised the question whether JR acted as a traitor. I was not declaring a firm conclusion.
      I agree with you that all the facts are not in. Definitive conclusions on certain matters would be premature. I find it interesting that according to one of the responses to my article there were food shortages but no starvation as such in Jaffna, Did Dixit lie to me that death by starvation was imminent? Why? – IH

  • 3
    1

    I was in Jaffna at the time in 1987 as a kid and remember very well the Army marching out and about to take jaffna when the infamous parippu drop came about

    Also Dr Gnana is correct that there was no starvation but an embargo was there which affected normal life a lot,electricity was available at night time with day power cuts,there was human excreta dropped from planes as mentioned by another reader but I remember that was later in 1990 and is documented in the UTHR reports of that time too

    Im not sure if JRJ was a traitor or not but he was one damm selfish rascal who for the sake of power could do anything and it was he who created the huge monster that was the LTTE due to his mishandling of 83 riots (before that LTTE was a ragtag group)

  • 1
    3

    After the fall of Nelliady camp the SL military was shivering and to be defeated by a handful of militants. India did not want SL military to be defeated. That is why IPKF came in in the disguise of helping the Tamils. The truth was opposite. The IPKF came to terrorise the Tamils. The rest is History.

    • 3
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      Pacs

      “After the fall of Nelliady camp the SL military was shivering and to be defeated by a handful of militants.”

      Don’t talk BS and mislead others.Capt miller who drove into the neliaddy army camp was the first suicide bomber of the LTTE and the small truck with explosives that exploded with him killed about 40 soldiers.The camp did not fall.Te army retaliated by shelling a lot of civilians in vadamarachi and killing them.That was their first mistake to give India a good excuse.The civilians left vadamarachi in droves and only the elderly were left behind.The LTTE did not have the civilian cover and retreated out of vadamarachi.They were not reeling or defeated as some claim,but made a strategic retreat.The army made another mistake going in to the vacated homes and killing the elderly left behind.Also the stupid airforce sent down for the first time barrell bombs.al this gave rajiv the excuse he needed to move in with civilians thinking india is the only hope and sympathy for their plight wold wide increased to a level where`india’s action justified.

      If he had not intervened army was poised to attack jaffna and take it.There would have been a lot of civilain casualties and as in vad amarachi the LTTE would have melted away to fight another day.They were not having the upper hand as you try to make out,but would have reverted to hit and run guerilla attacks like capt miller’s.

      • 0
        1

        @Shankar,I beg to differ on one point,the Nelliaday camp was blasted by Miller after the Army stopped its offensive to take over Jaffna,however your right that the camp didnt fall,it was only when the armys push was halted did they attack using Miller with his infamous lorry

        also looking back if the army took Jaffna in 1987 lots of killings could have been prevented (eg 1995, and 2009)

        • 2
          1

          Peace Lover

          “also looking back if the army took Jaffna in 1987 lots of killings could have been prevented (eg 1995, and 2009)”

          What was the Hindian agenda at the time?

          Even if Army had taken over Vaddamarachi the war would have continued until Hindians achieved their strategic objectives.

          Note powerful countries determine what they considered to be their interests in your country not your interest in your own country.

          The stupid people of this island would happily self destruct to serve other’s interest in this land than their own parochial interests. Then they fight a self destructive war and claim victory over others.

          Had the leaders been wise they wouldn’t have created a condition in which war was the only means of settling conflict. Prevention would have been better than the cure they sought to impose on all people.

          Every conflict creates opportunities. In this island’s case every opportunity has been turned into conflict.

  • 3
    3

    “There are Sri Lankans who believe that in reality he hated the Sinhalese, more particularly the Sinhalese Buddhists, the explanation for which they say is to be found in his family history….”. They are perfectly justified in thinking so. He was ashamed of the side of his Muslim heritage being the great grandson of Thambi Mudali the double agent who spied both for the Dutch as well as British who were in conflict. JR was personally responsible for the burning of the Jaffna Public Library for it contained the most authentic records of his Muslim antecedent.

    • 1
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      Bensen Berner – Thanks for your information.There was the story that JR’s Muslim ancestry was the result of a misunderstanding arising out of the fact that his ancestor was the Keeper of the records, the thombus and had therefore been called Thombu Mudaliyar. That had got corrupted to Thamby Mudaliyar. All lies.The late R.S.S. Gunawardene told me while he was Ambassador in Paris that he had with his own eyes seen the actual Gazette notification tat had appeared on the death of Thamby Mudaliyar. It praised him for his meritorious services to the British. It carried a photograph of a gentleman in a Fez cap.
      Apart from the burning of the Jaffna library, there has also been a story that JR got certain records in the National Archives destroyed. I think it would be a good idea for CT to publish articles written by S.P.Amerasingham in his Tribune on the ancestry of some of our leaders. They benefited enormously by being traitors to the Sinhalese people. IH

      • 0
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        “the Keeper of the records, the thombus and had therefore been called Thombu Mudaliyar.”

        What about JR’s nose?He could have done some plastic surgery and got it flattened a bit coundn’t he.Made it into a sinhala nose.Not too much flattening,else it might become a tamil nose like kali’s.

        No need of any research into his ancestry.Nose is enough for me.

      • 0
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        Thanks a lot, Izeth. Bensen

  • 3
    2

    IH – tell me who was not a traitor of this country. Every Prime Minister and Prseident of this country has betrayed this country. Either politically by creating racist communal politics thus polarising and dividing the people or financially by looting the country thus depriving the people.

  • 0
    1

    Perhaps Lee Kuan Yew’s opinion after the IPKF agreement is more relevant He said the Indian Peace Agreement was done because JR loved the SL people.
    I think Lzeth is bordering on dementia and should not make wild as statements.

  • 1
    1

    I was serving the Sri Lankan Government in those days and I well remember what Gen. Cyril Ranatunge said, as an excuse to call off the operations. He said, “When I saw the rich onion harvest, and the leaves waving in the gentle breeze, I called off the operations”. What a stupid and cowardly thing to come from a leader of the Sri Lanka army that gave us men like Denzil K., Kithsiri W, the Field Marshal, and the countless good men who laid down their lives!

    • 3
      2

      kumara

      “What a stupid and cowardly thing to come from a leader of the Sri Lanka army that gave us men like Denzil K., Kithsiri W, the Field Marshal, and the countless good men who laid down their lives!”

      They were/are war criminals.

      • 1
        0

        Native vedda, why is this comment not acceptable? Why does any nation have an army, except to protect itself from external and internal threats? When the Brits left in 1948, they helped us to form a small infantry regiment, and that was NOT to go to war against India or Britain but that we will have men trained and disciplined to meet contingencies such as the insurrections of 1971 and 1987, as well as the LTTE uprising. And if there are officers who are unable to face a challenge or blatantly mislead the General Public like Ranatunge did, then don’t you think that there is a problem? If instead of calling-off the mopping-up operations the army finished off the LTTE leaders, this nation would NEVER be in the cauldron of corruption, hatred within and outside of the country, loss of face, etc etc. It will take several generations to recover our statuswithin and outside as things are now.

  • 0
    1

    Shankar

    During that time control of Jaffna by LTTE with a very small number of boys. They did not upset the SL admin but they cooperated. but there was very large number of anti lTTE boys there. The control of Jaffna by the boys was unexpected and un intentional. The SL really did not have the enough man power and money to keep Jaffna penisula under control. The civil admin would have disintegrated. They had to wait for the money from the Tamil refugee expatriates to come into SL and Jaffna to grap it for the support of their troops. Taking over Jaffna back by SL would not have caused the amount of damage and destruction made the later recapture and exodus. The exodus really created the defacto Eelam.

  • 0
    0

    Oh yeah..talking of ‘our valiant heroic forces’ and the never ending rapists of Tamil women and girls and get promotions and DPL posts ?! and again raping under aged girls and getting thrown out of the country of Haiti as UN peace keeping (?) or raping (?) forces …Jatawewa Sri Lanka’s rape fame forces ! The # 1 in the world for raping (and never been punished but promoted for doing it)

  • 2
    1

    Izzeth:

    When the Allied Forces marched into France after the Normandy vctory, they were heralded as heroes. The Tamils never felt towards the Sinhalese army or regime. The history is littered with human rights abuses including rape and torture. While the LTTE had its share of abuses, it had never been accused of committing rapes. If you are giving an A+ to the sinhalese army that doesn’t come as a surprise with your position in the govt.

    Tamils, and even Sinhalese agree that the LTTE is a creation of the Sinhalese. Whether it was at Vadamarachi or later in Jaffna and even at Wanni, the psyche of the sinhalese army, its leaders and people like you is that of brutally suppressing the legitimate interests and concerns of the Tamils. Since independence, that has been the checkered history of SL.

    What would be the position of UNHRC had Rajapakse won? What do you think would have been the position of JR and SL had JR been not a “traitor”? If the forceful parippu drop had not enlightened you as yet, it appears to have made perfect sense to JR. Despite my disgust towards JR, it is noteworthy you were not in a position then to dissuade JR on the lines of your elucidation as that may have meant dire consequences. I will tend to think that, under the circumstances, JR not only placed his cards well but preserved the island of SL. He was a master tactician, much to the dislike of the Tamils.

  • 0
    1

    Every May Day rally speech Big Nose Emperor shouted for next May day there will be no LTTE…..he he he

    When JR stopped down ..he told his Sinhalese ..state can’t provide security to each and every one you have to guard yourselves…he he he

    When JR at his death bed in his final interview he told …if i am in politics today I will fight with Tamils for their rights he he he

    When JR died Chandrika even refused to declare a day of mourning and radio and TV played pop music on his funeral day..this is the respect Sinhala community gave to this guy who pretend like an Emperor..and called LTTE as terrorists he he he

    JR is another butcher of Tamils ..but he never brought his family people in politics

    • 0
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      “””…JR is another butcher of Tamils ..but he never brought his family people in politics..”””

      What about Ranil W?

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